Abstract

In this Letter we introduce a new class of Fano-resonant all-dielectric metasurfaces for enhanced, high figure of merit magneto-optical response. The metasurfaces are formed by an array of magneto-optical bismuth-substituted yttrium iron garnet nano-disks embedded into a low-index matrix. The strong field enhancement in the magneto-optical disks, which results in over an order of magnitude enhancement of Faraday rotation, is achieved by engineering two (electric and magnetic) resonances. It is shown that while enhancement of rotation also takes place for spectrally detuned resonances, the resonant excitation inevitably results in stronger reflection and low figure of merit of the device. We demonstrate that this can be circumvented by overlapping electric and magnetic resonances of the nanodisks, yielding a sharp electromagnetically induced transparency peak in the transmission spectrum, which is accompanied by gigantic Faraday rotation. Our results show that one can simultaneously obtain a large Faraday rotation enhancement along with almost 100% transmittance in an all-dielectric metasurface as thin as 300 nm. A simple analytical model based on coupled-mode theory is introduced to explain the effects observed in first-principle finite element method simulations.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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