Abstract

We demonstrate radio-over-fiber (RoF) transmission with a 10-W feed power-over-fiber (PWoF) using a conventional multimode fiber (MMF). In this scheme, the modal dispersion and feed light crosstalk in the MMF are effectively mitigated by the combination of center-launching (CL) and offset-launching (OL) techniques. The CL is used for propagating the feed light into lower-order modes in the MMF, while the OL is used not only for propagating the optical data signals into higher-order modes in the MMF, but also for mitigating the modal dispersion. We successfully achieved significant improvement in the RoF transmission performance with the 10-W feed PWoF and extended the link length up to 4 km, owing to the two techniques.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, and L. Crawford, in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP) (2004), paper TA-1.
  2. D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, P. Gamage, T. R. Clark, M. L. Dennis, and J. A. Nanzer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52, 0600311 (2016).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  7. J. Sato and M. Matsuura, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO-PR) and Conference on Photonics in Switching OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC/PS) (2013), p. TuPO-8.
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    [Crossref]
  9. J. Sato, H. Furugori, and M. Matsuura, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC) (2015), paper W3F.6.
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    [Crossref]
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2017 (2)

T. Umezawa, K. Kashima, A. Kanno, A. Matsumoto, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 3800508 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Matsuura and Y. Minamoto, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 979 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, P. Gamage, T. R. Clark, M. L. Dennis, and J. A. Nanzer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52, 0600311 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

M. Matsuura and J. Sato, IEEE Photon. J. 7, 7900609 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Matsuura, H. Furugori, and J. Sato, Opt. Lett. 40, 5598 (2015).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

I. Ashraf, F. Boccardi, and L. Ho, IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(8), 72 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

1998 (1)

1993 (1)

Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125 (1993).
[Crossref]

Akahane, K.

T. Umezawa, K. Kashima, A. Kanno, A. Matsumoto, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 3800508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Allowood, G.

G. Allowood, G. Wild, and S. Hinckley, in International Symposium on Electronic Design, Test, and Application, Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 2011), p. 78.

Aoki, Y.

K. Sone, I. Lim, X. Wang, Y. Aoki, H. Seki, and J. C. Rasmussen, in 21st International Conference on Photonics in Switching OptoElectronics and Communications Conference OECC/PS (2016), p. TuA4-2.

Ashraf, I.

I. Ashraf, F. Boccardi, and L. Ho, IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(8), 72 (2011).
[Crossref]

Beacham, K.

D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, and L. Crawford, in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP) (2004), paper TA-1.

Boccardi, F.

I. Ashraf, F. Boccardi, and L. Ho, IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(8), 72 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chung, Y. C.

Clark, T. R.

D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, P. Gamage, T. R. Clark, M. L. Dennis, and J. A. Nanzer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52, 0600311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Crawford, L.

D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, and L. Crawford, in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP) (2004), paper TA-1.

Cunningham, D. G.

Dennis, M. L.

D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, P. Gamage, T. R. Clark, M. L. Dennis, and J. A. Nanzer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52, 0600311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Furugori, H.

M. Matsuura, H. Furugori, and J. Sato, Opt. Lett. 40, 5598 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sato, H. Furugori, and M. Matsuura, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC) (2015), paper W3F.6.

Gamage, P.

D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, P. Gamage, T. R. Clark, M. L. Dennis, and J. A. Nanzer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52, 0600311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gomes, N. J.

Haas, Z.

Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hinckley, S.

G. Allowood, G. Wild, and S. Hinckley, in International Symposium on Electronic Design, Test, and Application, Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 2011), p. 78.

Ho, L.

I. Ashraf, F. Boccardi, and L. Ho, IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(8), 72 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kanno, A.

T. Umezawa, K. Kashima, A. Kanno, A. Matsumoto, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 3800508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kashima, K.

T. Umezawa, K. Kashima, A. Kanno, A. Matsumoto, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 3800508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kawanishi, T.

T. Umezawa, K. Kashima, A. Kanno, A. Matsumoto, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 3800508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lethien, C.

Lim, C.

D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, P. Gamage, T. R. Clark, M. L. Dennis, and J. A. Nanzer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52, 0600311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lim, I.

K. Sone, I. Lim, X. Wang, Y. Aoki, H. Seki, and J. C. Rasmussen, in 21st International Conference on Photonics in Switching OptoElectronics and Communications Conference OECC/PS (2016), p. TuA4-2.

Matsumoto, A.

T. Umezawa, K. Kashima, A. Kanno, A. Matsumoto, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 3800508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Matsuura, M.

M. Matsuura and Y. Minamoto, J. Lightwave Technol. 35, 979 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Matsuura, H. Furugori, and J. Sato, Opt. Lett. 40, 5598 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Matsuura and J. Sato, IEEE Photon. J. 7, 7900609 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sato, H. Furugori, and M. Matsuura, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC) (2015), paper W3F.6.

J. Sato and M. Matsuura, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO-PR) and Conference on Photonics in Switching OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC/PS) (2013), p. TuPO-8.

Minamoto, Y.

Nanzer, J. A.

D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, P. Gamage, T. R. Clark, M. L. Dennis, and J. A. Nanzer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52, 0600311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nirmalathas, A.

D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, P. Gamage, T. R. Clark, M. L. Dennis, and J. A. Nanzer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52, 0600311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nkansah, A.

Novak, D.

D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, P. Gamage, T. R. Clark, M. L. Dennis, and J. A. Nanzer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52, 0600311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nowell, M. C.

Raddatz, L.

Rasmussen, J. C.

K. Sone, I. Lim, X. Wang, Y. Aoki, H. Seki, and J. C. Rasmussen, in 21st International Conference on Photonics in Switching OptoElectronics and Communications Conference OECC/PS (2016), p. TuA4-2.

Santoro, M. A.

Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125 (1993).
[Crossref]

Sato, J.

M. Matsuura, H. Furugori, and J. Sato, Opt. Lett. 40, 5598 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Matsuura and J. Sato, IEEE Photon. J. 7, 7900609 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Sato, H. Furugori, and M. Matsuura, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC) (2015), paper W3F.6.

J. Sato and M. Matsuura, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO-PR) and Conference on Photonics in Switching OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC/PS) (2013), p. TuPO-8.

Seki, H.

K. Sone, I. Lim, X. Wang, Y. Aoki, H. Seki, and J. C. Rasmussen, in 21st International Conference on Photonics in Switching OptoElectronics and Communications Conference OECC/PS (2016), p. TuA4-2.

Sim, D. H.

Sion, C.

Sone, K.

K. Sone, I. Lim, X. Wang, Y. Aoki, H. Seki, and J. C. Rasmussen, in 21st International Conference on Photonics in Switching OptoElectronics and Communications Conference OECC/PS (2016), p. TuA4-2.

Takushima, Y.

Umezawa, T.

T. Umezawa, K. Kashima, A. Kanno, A. Matsumoto, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 3800508 (2017).
[Crossref]

Vilcot, J.-P.

Wake, D.

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, C. Lethien, C. Sion, and J.-P. Vilcot, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2484 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, and L. Crawford, in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP) (2004), paper TA-1.

Wang, X.

K. Sone, I. Lim, X. Wang, Y. Aoki, H. Seki, and J. C. Rasmussen, in 21st International Conference on Photonics in Switching OptoElectronics and Communications Conference OECC/PS (2016), p. TuA4-2.

Waterhouse, R. B.

D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, P. Gamage, T. R. Clark, M. L. Dennis, and J. A. Nanzer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52, 0600311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Webster, M.

D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, and L. Crawford, in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP) (2004), paper TA-1.

White, I. H.

Wild, G.

G. Allowood, G. Wild, and S. Hinckley, in International Symposium on Electronic Design, Test, and Application, Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 2011), p. 78.

Wimpenny, G.

D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, and L. Crawford, in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP) (2004), paper TA-1.

Yamamoto, N.

T. Umezawa, K. Kashima, A. Kanno, A. Matsumoto, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 3800508 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

I. Ashraf, F. Boccardi, and L. Ho, IEEE Commun. Mag. 49(8), 72 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, P. Gamage, T. R. Clark, M. L. Dennis, and J. A. Nanzer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52, 0600311 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Umezawa, K. Kashima, A. Kanno, A. Matsumoto, K. Akahane, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 3800508 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

M. Matsuura and J. Sato, IEEE Photon. J. 7, 7900609 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (5)

G. Allowood, G. Wild, and S. Hinckley, in International Symposium on Electronic Design, Test, and Application, Technical Digest (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 2011), p. 78.

J. Sato, H. Furugori, and M. Matsuura, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC) (2015), paper W3F.6.

J. Sato and M. Matsuura, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO-PR) and Conference on Photonics in Switching OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC/PS) (2013), p. TuPO-8.

D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, and L. Crawford, in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP) (2004), paper TA-1.

K. Sone, I. Lim, X. Wang, Y. Aoki, H. Seki, and J. C. Rasmussen, in 21st International Conference on Photonics in Switching OptoElectronics and Communications Conference OECC/PS (2016), p. TuA4-2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experiment setup for optically powered downlink RoF transmission. DFB-LD, distributed feedback laser diode; LNM, LiNbO3 modulator; SG, signal generator; ISO, isolator; PC, polarization controller; SOA, semiconductor optical amplifier; BPF, bandpass filter; MCP, mode-conditioning patch cable; HPFL, high-power fiber laser; WDMC, WDM coupler; OPM, optical power meter; PD, photo diode; ATT, electrical attenuator; SA, signal analyzer. Inset and picture show schematic view of OL technique and the MCP we used, respectively.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. EVM characteristics of 2-km transmitted signals as a function of received electrical signal power for various launching conditions.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Transmitted feed light powers and power transmission efficiencies in 2-km and 4-km MMF transmissions.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. EVM characteristics of downlink transmitted signals without (w/o) and with (w/) OL technique as a function of feed light power after (a) 2 km and (b) 4 km transmissions. Insets show constellations of back-to-back and transmitted signals w/o and w/ OL technique.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. EVM characteristics of uplink transmitted signals w/o and w/ OL technique as a function of feed light power after (a) 2 km and (b) 4 km transmissions. Insets show constellations of transmitted signals w/o and w/ OL technique.

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