Abstract

A detailed microscopic study of third-harmonic generation (THG) from two-dimensional arrays of sub-wavelength spaced amorphous silicon nanodisks is reported. The arrays are designed to support broadband, minimally angle-sensitive resonances for the fundamental excitation wavelength in the 1500 nm region. This results in resonantly enhanced visible THG in the green spectral range with 500-fold enhancement on-resonance, compared to the unpatterned a-Si thin-film. THG multispectral microscopic imaging reveals individual nanodisks with enhanced nonlinear signal on-resonance. For increasing pump intensities, spatially dependent saturation effects are observed for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, in such dielectric nanostructure arrays with THG images showing a reversal of contrast.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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