Abstract

The design and performance of borate glass samples compositionally pre-designed to be femtosecond laser writable via laser-induced ion migration is reported in this Letter. It is demonstrated that borate glasses modified on purpose with small amounts of La2O3 and Na2O can be straightforwardly used to produce high-index contrast (Δn) waveguides by femtosecond-laser-assisted ion migration. The positive Δn of the waveguides is caused by the local enrichment of La2O3 in the guiding region with a slope of 8·103(mol.%)1. The value of this is consistent with numerical aperture measurements of the waveguides and local compositional measurements at the guiding region performed by energy-dispersive x-ray micro-analysis. The maximum achievable Δn values can be controlled through the initial La2O3 content of the glass. Maximum Δn values >102 for samples with just 5.5 mol. % of La2O3 have been produced. This compositional design approach could be potentially used to produce highly efficient femtosecond laser writeable glasses in other glass families.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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