Abstract

In this Letter, we demonstrated an intensity-modulated directional torsion sensor based on an in-line Mach–Zehnder interferometer in single-mode fiber. A non-circular symmetric perturbation is created to excite non-circular symmetric cladding mode and then interference with the core mode at the second perturbation. An initial rotation angle is designed between two perturbations for the purpose of discriminating the torsion direction. Both experimental and theoretical results enforce that the spectral peak/dip turns to be the dip/peak when the fiber is twisted from the counter-clockwise to the clockwise direction. Benefiting from the reversal between peak and dip, an intensity-modulated directional torsion sensor is realized in the range from 50  rad/m to 50 rad/m with a sensitivity of 45.3%/(rad/cm).

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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