Abstract

A modal interferometer by a single mechanically induced long-period fiber grating (MI-LPFG) using a half-length coating fiber is presented. The coating material used for this Letter is a film of silica nanoparticles doped with an organic chromophore. The silica nanoparticles, with diameters within the range of 40–50 nm, were deposited over 3.5 cm length of fiber by the dip-coating method, forming a film with a thickness between 500 and 1250 nm. Then the modal interferometer was implemented by inscribing the MI-LPFG over the coated fiber section and a similar fiber length of the uncoated fiber. The experimental results show high-contrast transmission bands, where the position and depth of the absorption envelope band are finely selected by the grating period, the pressure applied, and the film thickness. The novel modal interferometer architecture based on a single MI-LPFG, combined with a functionalized nanoparticles coating film, offers an attractive platform for the development of fiber sensors and other fiber-based devices.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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