Abstract

The use of an integrated asymmetrical directional coupler for two-mode transmission at 1550 nm is analyzed. The design is based on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) technology and permits mode conversion and mode multiplexing/demultiplexing. In the nominal design, mode conversion and mode (de)multiplexing are achieved with 97% efficiency and a 23.4 dB crosstalk level in the 1540–1560 nm band using a 0.1 μm gap. The dimension tolerance of the SOI process has been taken into account in the selection of the optimum design, and the coupling efficiency would remain above 82.3% (corresponding to 0.8 dB excess loss) with 3σ accuracy. A 90% efficiency has been experimentally obtained.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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