Abstract

We extend the technique of multiplex coherent Raman spectroscopy with two femtosecond mode-locked lasers to oscillators of a pulse repetition frequency of 1 GHz. We demonstrate a spectra of liquids, which span 1100  cm1 of Raman shifts. At a resolution of 6  cm1, their measurement time may be as short as 5 μs for a refresh rate of 2 kHz. The waiting period between acquisitions is improved 10-fold compared to previous experiments with two lasers of 100-MHz repetition frequencies.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (3)

2015 (2)

2014 (2)

S. R. Domingue, D. G. Winters, and R. A. Bartels, Opt. Lett. 39, 4124 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Hipke, S. A. Meek, T. Ideguchi, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Phys. Rev. A 90, 011805(R) (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Avino, A. Giorgini, M. Salza, M. Fabian, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 201116 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2010 (1)

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2008 (4)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Ganz, M. Brehm, H. G. von Ribbeck, D. W. van der Weide, and F. Keilmann, New J. Phys. 10, 123007 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. von Vacano and M. Motzkus, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10, 681 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Cui, J. Skodack, and J. P. Ogilvie, Appl. Opt. 47, 5790 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, Nature 445, 627 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

2003 (1)

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, J. Chem. Phys. 118, 9208 (2003).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

T. H. S. Bican, H. W. Schrotter, and V. Mohacek Grosev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 26, 787 (1995).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

Y. Yan, E. B. Gamble, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 83, 5391 (1985).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

K. Kim and W. T. King, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 978 (1984).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

K. B. Wiberg and A. Shrake, Spectrochim. Acta A 27, 1139 (1971).
[Crossref]

Alexandrou, A.

Asahara, A.

Avino, S.

S. Avino, A. Giorgini, M. Salza, M. Fabian, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 201116 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bartels, R. A.

Beaurepaire, E.

Bernhardt, B.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Ideguchi, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Opt. Lett. 37, 4498 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bican, T. H. S.

T. H. S. Bican, H. W. Schrotter, and V. Mohacek Grosev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 26, 787 (1995).
[Crossref]

Brehm, M.

T. Ganz, M. Brehm, H. G. von Ribbeck, D. W. van der Weide, and F. Keilmann, New J. Phys. 10, 123007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Camp, C. H.

C. H. Camp and M. T. Cicerone, Nat. Photonics 9, 295 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cerullo, G.

Ciardi, G.

Cicerone, M. T.

C. H. Camp and M. T. Cicerone, Nat. Photonics 9, 295 (2015).
[Crossref]

Coddington, I.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[Crossref]

Crisafi, F.

Cui, M.

Czerwinski, L.

De Natale, P.

S. Avino, A. Giorgini, M. Salza, M. Fabian, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 201116 (2013).
[Crossref]

Di Florio, G.

Diddams, S. A.

S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, Nature 445, 627 (2007).
[Crossref]

Domingue, S. R.

Dudovich, N.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, J. Chem. Phys. 118, 9208 (2003).
[Crossref]

Evans, C. L.

Fabian, M.

S. Avino, A. Giorgini, M. Salza, M. Fabian, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 201116 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, A. L.

M. Yu, Y. Okawachi, A. G. Griffith, N. Picqué, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based mid-infrared dual-comb spectroscopy,” preprint at arXiv:1610.01121 (2016).

Gagliardi, G.

S. Avino, A. Giorgini, M. Salza, M. Fabian, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 201116 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gamble, E. B.

Y. Yan, E. B. Gamble, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 83, 5391 (1985).
[Crossref]

Ganz, T.

T. Ganz, M. Brehm, H. G. von Ribbeck, D. W. van der Weide, and F. Keilmann, New J. Phys. 10, 123007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gilch, P.

Giorgini, A.

S. Avino, A. Giorgini, M. Salza, M. Fabian, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 201116 (2013).
[Crossref]

Goda, K.

M. Tamamitsu, Y. Sakaki, T. Nakamura, G. K. Podagatlapalli, T. Ideguchi, and K. Goda, Vib. Spectrosc. in press (2016).

Gotoh, H.

A. Ishizawa, T. Nishikawa, M. Yan, G. Millot, H. Gotoh, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, CLEO: 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper SW1G.7.

Griffith, A. G.

M. Yu, Y. Okawachi, A. G. Griffith, N. Picqué, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based mid-infrared dual-comb spectroscopy,” preprint at arXiv:1610.01121 (2016).

Guelachvili, G.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Ideguchi, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Opt. Lett. 37, 4498 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 3, 99 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Hipke, S. A. Meek, T. Ideguchi, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Phys. Rev. A 90, 011805(R) (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Ideguchi, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Opt. Lett. 37, 4498 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Ishizawa, T. Nishikawa, M. Yan, G. Millot, H. Gotoh, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, CLEO: 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper SW1G.7.

G. Mélen, M. Yan, P.-L. Luo, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Light, Energy and the Environment Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper FW2E.3.

Hashimoto, H.

Hipke, A.

A. Hipke, S. A. Meek, T. Ideguchi, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Phys. Rev. A 90, 011805(R) (2014).
[Crossref]

Hollberg, L.

S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, Nature 445, 627 (2007).
[Crossref]

Holzner, S.

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[Crossref]

Holzwarth, R.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ideguchi, T.

A. Hipke, S. A. Meek, T. Ideguchi, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Phys. Rev. A 90, 011805(R) (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Ideguchi, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Opt. Lett. 37, 4498 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Tamamitsu, Y. Sakaki, T. Nakamura, G. K. Podagatlapalli, T. Ideguchi, and K. Goda, Vib. Spectrosc. in press (2016).

Ishizawa, A.

A. Ishizawa, T. Nishikawa, M. Yan, G. Millot, H. Gotoh, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, CLEO: 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper SW1G.7.

Isobe, K.

Jacquet, P.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jacquey, M.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2010).
[Crossref]

Joffre, M.

Jones, R. J.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kannari, F.

Kawano, H.

Keilmann, F.

T. Ganz, M. Brehm, H. G. von Ribbeck, D. W. van der Weide, and F. Keilmann, New J. Phys. 10, 123007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

K. Kim and W. T. King, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 978 (1984).
[Crossref]

King, W. T.

K. Kim and W. T. King, J. Chem. Phys. 80, 978 (1984).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, Y.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kondo, K.

Kumar, V.

Lipson, M.

M. Yu, Y. Okawachi, A. G. Griffith, N. Picqué, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based mid-infrared dual-comb spectroscopy,” preprint at arXiv:1610.01121 (2016).

Luo, P.-L.

G. Mélen, M. Yan, P.-L. Luo, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Light, Energy and the Environment Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper FW2E.3.

Mandon, J.

J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 3, 99 (2009).
[Crossref]

Marangoni, M.

Mbele, V.

S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, Nature 445, 627 (2007).
[Crossref]

Meek, S. A.

A. Hipke, S. A. Meek, T. Ideguchi, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Phys. Rev. A 90, 011805(R) (2014).
[Crossref]

Mélen, G.

G. Mélen, M. Yan, P.-L. Luo, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Light, Energy and the Environment Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper FW2E.3.

Midorikawa, K.

Millot, G.

A. Ishizawa, T. Nishikawa, M. Yan, G. Millot, H. Gotoh, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, CLEO: 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper SW1G.7.

Minoshima, K.

Miyawaki, A.

Mizuno, H.

Mohacek Grosev, V.

T. H. S. Bican, H. W. Schrotter, and V. Mohacek Grosev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 26, 787 (1995).
[Crossref]

Moll, K. D.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[Crossref]

Motzkus, M.

B. von Vacano and M. Motzkus, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10, 681 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nakajima, Y.

Nakamura, T.

M. Tamamitsu, Y. Sakaki, T. Nakamura, G. K. Podagatlapalli, T. Ideguchi, and K. Goda, Vib. Spectrosc. in press (2016).

Nelson, K. A.

Y. Yan, E. B. Gamble, and K. A. Nelson, J. Chem. Phys. 83, 5391 (1985).
[Crossref]

Newbury, N. R.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nishikawa, T.

A. Ishizawa, T. Nishikawa, M. Yan, G. Millot, H. Gotoh, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, CLEO: 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper SW1G.7.

Nishiyama, A.

Nixdorf, J.

Ogilvie, J. P.

Okawachi, Y.

M. Yu, Y. Okawachi, A. G. Griffith, N. Picqué, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based mid-infrared dual-comb spectroscopy,” preprint at arXiv:1610.01121 (2016).

Oron, D.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, J. Chem. Phys. 118, 9208 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ozawa, A.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2010).
[Crossref]

Picqué, N.

A. Hipke, S. A. Meek, T. Ideguchi, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Phys. Rev. A 90, 011805(R) (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Ideguchi, S. Holzner, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 502, 355 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Ideguchi, B. Bernhardt, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Opt. Lett. 37, 4498 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 3, 99 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Ishizawa, T. Nishikawa, M. Yan, G. Millot, H. Gotoh, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, CLEO: 2015, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper SW1G.7.

G. Mélen, M. Yan, P.-L. Luo, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Light, Energy and the Environment Congress, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper FW2E.3.

M. Yu, Y. Okawachi, A. G. Griffith, N. Picqué, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based mid-infrared dual-comb spectroscopy,” preprint at arXiv:1610.01121 (2016).

Podagatlapalli, G. K.

M. Tamamitsu, Y. Sakaki, T. Nakamura, G. K. Podagatlapalli, T. Ideguchi, and K. Goda, Vib. Spectrosc. in press (2016).

Polli, D.

Potma, E. O.

Preda, F.

Réhault, J.

Safdi, B.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sakaki, Y.

M. Tamamitsu, Y. Sakaki, T. Nakamura, G. K. Podagatlapalli, T. Ideguchi, and K. Goda, Vib. Spectrosc. in press (2016).

Saltarelli, F.

Salza, M.

S. Avino, A. Giorgini, M. Salza, M. Fabian, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 201116 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schrotter, H. W.

T. H. S. Bican, H. W. Schrotter, and V. Mohacek Grosev, J. Raman Spectrosc. 26, 787 (1995).
[Crossref]

Shrake, A.

K. B. Wiberg and A. Shrake, Spectrochim. Acta A 27, 1139 (1971).
[Crossref]

Silberberg, Y.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, J. Chem. Phys. 118, 9208 (2003).
[Crossref]

Skodack, J.

Suda, A.

Swann, W. C.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tamamitsu, M.

M. Tamamitsu, Y. Sakaki, T. Nakamura, G. K. Podagatlapalli, T. Ideguchi, and K. Goda, Vib. Spectrosc. in press (2016).

Tanaka, M.

Thorpe, M. J.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, Science 311, 1595 (2006).
[Crossref]

Udem, T.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Nat. Photonics 4, 55 (2010).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Time-domain principle of dual-comb CARS. See text and [7] for details.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Experimental setup for dual-comb CARS using two 1-GHz lasers (see text for details). BS, beamsplitter; CM, chirped mirrors; LPF, long-pass filter; L, lens; S, sample; SPF, short-pass filter; PD, photodetector; LP, electronic long-pass filter; A, amplifier.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Experimental spectra of toluene measured at 6  cm1 resolution within (a) 20 μs and (b) 5 μs.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Dependence of the maximum of the benzene ν2 line profile at 992  cm1 with the energy of the pump (blue triangles) and probe (open red circles) pulses, on logarithmic x- and y-scales.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Dual-comb CARS spectrum of toluene, chloroform and cyclohexane with a mixing ratio of 111.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Experimental dual-comb spectrum of toluene, measured with two 100-MHz femtosecond lasers.

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