Abstract

The L-shape waveguide was written in fused silica using a femtosecond laser with beam shaping. The guiding structure supports good light turning; 0.88 dB/turn was achieved at the silica-air interface. By using the finite-different time-domain method, the turn loss due to the turning structure and refractive index of the L-shape waveguide has been simulated. The results show that the proposed method has unprecedented flexibility in fabricating a 90°-bend waveguide.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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