Abstract

We demonstrate real-time observation of fiber fuse propagation speed with high temporal resolution of 2.4 μs by combining heterodyne detection and time–frequency analysis. The periodic oscillation of fiber fuse propagation speed over a power range from 2.5 to 6.3 W with an increase in oscillation frequency from 6.18 to 6.45 kHz was observed. The relaxation processes before reaching equilibrium have been studied during initiation and power modulation processes for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. We confirm that the speed variation is largely dependent on the power fluctuation during the termination process. The proposed method is useful for validating the different fiber fuse heat conduction models.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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