Abstract

Quasi-period cylindrical nanostructures with both diameters and intervals of about 100 nm are manufactured on the surfaces of Nd3+-doped lanthanum lead zirconate titanate ceramics by femtosecond laser irradiation under SF6 atmosphere. A light-emission enhancement of more than 20 times is investigated, accompanied by an extremely long trailing-off time of light emission and lower threshold. A specific polarization state of the light emission is achieved and tuned by changing the incident regions of the pumping source. The increased absorption coefficient of the specimen is discussed based on multiple scattering and weak localization of light. In addition, both the scatterers provided by the laser-machined nanostructure and the recurrent photoinduced trapping and re-excitation process participated in the enhancement of the light emission. This Letter offers new insight to improve the luminescence property of laser materials, as well as to broaden the range of exploring the weak localization of light and random lasers.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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