Abstract

Phase-shift detection in a fast-Fourier-transform (FFT)-based spectrum analysis technique for temperature sensing using a tapered fiber microknot resonator is proposed and demonstrated. Multiple transmission peaks in the FFT spectrum of the device were identified as optical modes having completed different amounts of round trips within the ring structure. Temperature variation induced phase shifts for each set of peaks were characterized, and experimental results show that different peaks have distinct temperature sensitivities reaching values up to 0.542  rad/°C, which is about 10 times greater than that of a regular adiabatic taper Mach–Zehnder interferometer when using similar phase-tracking schemes.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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