Abstract

Near- and far-field radiation patterns are analyzed for whispering-gallery-mode lasing in native-oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. Calculations from classical antenna theory based on the higher-order Bessel functions are compared with experiment and shown to be a useful predictor of the measured radiation fields. The most interesting features of the lasing modes are the multiple and uniformly distributed intensity spots in the near and far fields.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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