Abstract

Spatial mode filters based on multimode interference couplers (MMI’s) that offer the possibility of splitting off antisymmetric from symmetric modes are presented, and realizations of these filters in InGaAsP/InP are demonstrated. Measured suppression of the antisymmetric first-order modes at the output for the symmetric mode is better than 18 dB. Such MMI’s are useful for monolithically integrating mode filters with all-optical devices, which are controlled through an antisymmetric first-order mode. The filtering out of optical control signals is necessary for cascading all-optical devices. Another application is the improvement of on–off ratios in optical switches.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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