Abstract

A statistical analysis is presented for the mean and the clutter radiance emitted by the ocean surface near the horizon and in the absence of direct solar illumination. The calculated midwave and long-wave radiances are given as functions of the environmental and optical parameters and agree with experimentally measured radiance profiles to within 20%. A simple expression for the calculated radiance as a function of wind speed and look direction is obtained by linearizing the radiance as a function of the wave slope.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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