Abstract

We present simulation results on the influence of grating shapes on diffracted beam profiles for right-angle diffraction. The first-order two-dimensional coupled-mode equations are solved numerically by using the finite-difference method for As2S3 waveguide surface-relief gratings on titanium-indiffused planar waveguides. The simulation results show that square or rectangular gratings result in a distorted profile for the diffracted beam and that truncated grating shapes significantly improve the output beam quality.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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