Abstract

A new type of internally written grating filter is proposed and demonstrated in single-mode optical fibers. A photoinduced rocking birefringence is created by polarization interference between two counterpropagating and orthogonal linear-polarization modes at 514.5 nm. This birefringent grating has the correct submicrometer pitch for efficient phase-matched reflection of a linearly polarized mode into the orthogonally polarized counterpropagating mode. The phenomenon represents a new form of holography in which the image (the orthogonal counterpropagating mode) is reconstructed by scattering off a hologram consisting of a periodic birefringence.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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