Abstract

A geometric analysis of modulational instability reveals that spatiotemporally stable amplitude and frequency modulations may propagate in a nonlinear dispersive fiber, owing to self-injected locking of the temporal modes. We describe the close connection between the coherent nonlinear switching of an intense carrier by means of a weak modulating signal and similar instabilities in birefringent fibers and nonlinear directional couplers.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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