Abstract

Rigorous and approximate conditions that need to be satisfied by a propagation medium to enable phase conjugation to occur are derived. It is shown that, in spite of the fact that in general, losses spoil phase conjugation, in the important case of paraxial beam propagation (along z), a z-dependent loss can be tolerated. In addition, nonlinear losses (gain) and nonlinear dielectrics are also permitted under some fairly general circumstances.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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Equations (42)

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