Abstract

A perfect absorber in the visible-infrared regime maintaining its performance at elevated temperatures and under a harsh environment is needed for energy harvesting using solar-thermophotovoltaic (STPV) systems. A near-perfect metasurface absorber based on lossy refractory metal nitride, zirconium-nitride (ZrN), having a melting-point of 2,980°C, is presented. The numerically proposed design with metal-insulator-metal configuration exhibits an average of > 95% for 400-800 nm and 86% for 280-2200 nm. High absorption is attributed to magnetic resonance leading to free-space impedance matching. The subwavelength structure is polarization- and angle-insensitive and is highly tolerant to fabrication imperfections. An emitter is optimized for bandgap energy ranging from 0.7 eV-1.9 eV.

© 2021 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

1. Introduction

Metamaterials establish effective control of amplitude, phase, and polarization of EM waves [1]. Through this control, many exotic electromagnetic (EM) phenomena leading to potential applications, including but not limited to light-harvesting [2], thermoplasmonics [3], sensing [4], flat lenses [5], holography [6], and vortex beam generation [7], have been demonstrated using metamaterials. However, in the optical regime, metamaterials undergo severe fabrication challenges [8]. On the contrary, metasurfaces – planar metamaterial counterparts – composed of sub-wavelength periodic/ aperiodic elements provide an alternative to attain desirable functionalities through a less intricate fabrication process [9], resulting in remarkable miniaturization and integration of conventional optical components [10]. The metasurfaces find their major applications in the optical regime for wavefront manipulation (phase control) and absorbers/ emitters (amplitude control).

To utilize solar spectrum – an evergreen source of energy – the need for a broadband absorber in optical regime remains critically relevant [11,12] for thermal emission [13], color filtering [14], and harvesting solar energy [15]. Landy in 2008 first reported a triple-layer MIM (M = Metal; I = Insulator) metamaterial-based perfect EM absorber [16]. Plasmonic metamaterials exhibited a radical breakthrough in light-matter interaction: a gold-based plasmonic structure offered absorption of light in 240-550 nm range [17] while a silver-based plasmonic blackbody showed 90% absorption in 240-850 nm range [18]. Using the same topology, many absorbers have been demonstrated; however, they pose different challenges such as poor selectivity, complex fabrication process, and broad thermal radiation emissions at elevated temperatures. As such, broadband absorbers with the bandwidth (BW) in the range of the sun’s blackbody spectrum are still being designed and investigated for energy harvesting applications with enhanced conversion efficiencies [19]. Similarly, Aluminum- and Alkali metals-based absorbers have also been exploited [20,21], achieving efficiencies of above 90% for 500-1000 nm and above 80% for 500-550 nm, respectively. However, the high cost, poor thermal and chemical stabilities, and Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor (CMOS) incompatibility [22], hindered the widespread use of these metals for absorption applications.

A perfect solar absorber should absorb broadband omnidirectional radiations while enduring higher temperatures and resisting oxidation. Recently, refractory materials, providing plasmonic-like responses in the optical region [23], are explored as a competitor to conventional metals for absorber applications [10]. Another impressive feature of refractory materials, such as TiN, ZrN and HfN, is their tunability of plasmonic properties through nitrogen stoichiometry [10]. In comparison to metals, transition metal nitrides show superior mechanical properties [24], thermal stability, and CMOS compatibility [25]. TiN and ZrN, with respective melting points of 2930 °C and 2980 °C, are extensively investigated for electrical and optical applications, as they exhibit plasmonic properties, high electron conductivity, and mobility [26]. Zirconium Nitride (ZrN) has shown to behave metallically with low electrical resistivity [27,28]. It has the highest stability compared to other refractory metal nitrides [29], and can be grown by the process of heteroepitaxy on Si, whereas other metal nitrides are usually grown epitaxially on MgO and, in some cases, on sapphire. Also, it is compatible with electron affinities of Ga-rich InxGa1-xAs, and In-rich InxGa1-xP semiconductors [30]. Furthermore, the oxidation resistance of ZrN is also superior as compared to TiN [31]. In [32], a tandem structure using ZrN is shown to achieve 86% absorption. It outperforms TiN in near-field enhancement, and its small spherical nanoparticles outperform even gold at some frequencies for the applications of thermoplasmonics, photothermal therapy, photothermal imaging, and thermophotovoltaics [10], making it a perfect candidate for use in solar absorption.

In this work, a promising Refractory-metal-nitride Metamaterial Absorber (RMA) is proposed to realize an ultra-broadband and polarization-/ angle-insensitive solar absorber with a compact square ring structure employing ZrN. It is composed of MIM topology with the top nanostructure of ZrN minimizing reflections, the intermediate dielectric layer of SiO2 acting as Fabry-Pérot cavity to trap EM waves, and the bottom ground layer of ZrN blocking transmissions. The proposed absorber shows 86% average absorptance for a broadband range of 280-2200 nm and above 95% for 400-800 nm. Moreover, the design is robust to fabrication errors with a tolerance of ±10 nm, ±20 nm, ±30 nm and ±40 nm in each dimension with drop in peak absorption of only 0.19%, 0.26%, 0.34% and 0.64% respectively. Similarly, the design exhibits almost the same average absorption if the square shape were fabricated as a circular ring with the same dimensional tolerance of ±10 nm, resulting in the average absorption dropping from 95% to just 94.21%. Additionally, the proposed design is capable of preserving its performance in high-temperature environments due to an extremely small thermal expansion coefficient, which does not allow ZrN to register any significant variation in dimensions owing to temperature fluctuations [33].

2. Structure design and simulations

The numerical simulations of the structure are carried out using a commercially available full-wave solver – CST-MWS. The optical constant values for ZrN are taken from [34]. The optimization of the geometrical parameters is carried out using parametric sweeps in simulations followed by the PSO (Particle Swarm Algorithm) to optimize the geometry of the unit cell in order to achieve high absorption. The optimized parameters are obtained as : the unit cell period p = 300 nm, ground plane height hg = 150 nm, spacer height hs = 60 nm, length l = 125 nm, width w = 50 nm, and height h = 40 nm of ZrN ring, as shown in Fig. 1(a) The spacer layer of silicon dioxide (SiO2) is employed because of its fairly high melting point of ∼1600 °C, and low yet relatively constant refractive index for optical regime [35]. The absorption mechanism for a device governed by EM resonance is given by $A({\lambda },\theta ,\varphi )\, = \,1 - R({\lambda },\theta ,\varphi )\, - T({\lambda },\theta ,\varphi )$. The transmission is completely blocked by ground-plane and reflection is minimized by top layer, with the absorption being near-unity for entire visible range as ∼100% incident photons are absorbed (Fig. 1(b)), with an average A = 95% for 400–800 nm range. Figure 1(c) shows prominent anti-parallel surface currents in the top and bottom metal layers, which are attributed to strong magnetic resonances taking place in the proposed design. The excellent absorption properties show a great improvement in absorption spectrum when compared with other metallic nanoresonator-based absorbers.

 figure: Fig. 1.

Fig. 1. ZrN metasurface solar absorber. (a) Unit cell schematic repeating in x and y directions forming a square array with period p. (b) simulated absorption, reflection and transmission for ZrN-metasurface absorber for broadband range. (c) surface current of metamaterial absorber at peak absorption wavelength. The current flows towards right on the ring surface and towards left at the ground surface.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

3. Results and discussion

3.1 Broadband absorption

The average absorption remains higher than 90% for the entire visible and near-infrared ranges, where solar spectrum has significant energy, as can be seen from AM 1.5 spectrum (Fig. 2(a)). The absorption decreases at longer wavelengths and becomes half of its maximum value at λ > 2500 nm, which is a desirable attribute for STPV systems in order to diminish thermal radiation. To enhance the thermal stability further and to protect the structure against oxidation, 15-nm thick coatings of HfO2, Si3N4, TiO2 and Cr2O3 are also proposed on top of the square ring design. The average absorption for 280 nm < λ < 2200 nm is 86% for uncoated absorber, whereas it is 88.96%, 84.25%, 90.67%, and 87.17% for HfO2, Si3N4, TiO2, and Cr2O3 coatings, respectively, as can be observed from Fig. 2(b).

 figure: Fig. 2.

Fig. 2. (a) Incident solar spectrum (AM 1.5) with spectral absorption of ideal absorber and simulated ZrN metasurface solar absorber. (b) absorption with and without coatings for HfO2, Si3N4, TiO2 and Cr2O3 layers of 15 nm.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

3.2 Impedance matching

A metamaterial perfect absorber with a periodic nanostructure can be characterized through a homogeneous material described completely by its optical properties i.e. relative permittivity$\varepsilon (f) = {\varepsilon _0}{\varepsilon _r}$and permeability$\mu (f) = {\mu _0}{\mu _r}$, which, in combination, represent refractive index $n(f) = \sqrt {\varepsilon (f)\mu (f)}$and normalized impedance$z(f) = \sqrt {{{\mu (f)} / {\varepsilon (f)}}}$ [36]. For electromagnetic resonance occurring at a certain frequency, the impedance of designed structure matches that of free space i.e. z = 1, the reflectance diminishes, causing light energy confinement within the structure while transmittance in this case is already zero. The retrieved S-parameters from the proposed design are shown in Fig. 3(a-b), with ‘ε’, and ‘μ’ shown in Fig. 3(c-d). From these parameters, the refractive index ‘n’ and normalized impedance ‘z’ are given in Fig. 3(e-f), respectively. It can be observed from Fig. 3(f) that at λr = 630 nm, $z = 1.076 - 0.000012i\Omega $, which depicts that our proposed design is impedance-matched to the free space. In principle, the impedance at resonance depends on dimensions of the structure and the physical properties of the material. The impedance in terms of S-parameters of the structure is given by Eq. (1) [37]:

$$\begin{aligned} z &= \sqrt {\frac{{{{({1 + {S_{11}}} )}^2} - S_{21}^2}}{{{{({1 - {S_{11}}} )}^2} - S_{21}^2}}} = \frac{{1 + R}}{{1 - R}}({T\sim 0} )= \frac{{1 + (1 - A)}}{{1 - (1 - A)}} = \frac{{2 - A}}{A}\because R = 1 - A\\ & Az = 2 - A;Az + A = 2;A(1 + z) = 2;A = \frac{2}{{z + 1}} \end{aligned}$$
$$\begin{aligned} A &= \frac{2}{{z + 1}} = \frac{2}{{Re (z )+ i{\mathop{\rm Im}\nolimits} (z )+ 1}} = \frac{2}{{(Re (z) + 1) + i{\mathop{\rm Im}\nolimits} (z)}}\ast \frac{{(Re (z) + 1) - i{\mathop{\rm Im}\nolimits} (z)}}{{(Re (z) + 1) - i{\mathop{\rm Im}\nolimits} (z)}}\\ &\frac{{2[{Re (z )+ 1} ]}}{{{{[{Re (z )+ 1} ]}^2} + {\mathop{\rm Im}\nolimits} {{(z )}^2}}} - i\frac{{2{\mathop{\rm Im}\nolimits} (z )}}{{{{[{Re (z )+ 1} ]}^2} + {\mathop{\rm Im}\nolimits} {{(z )}^2}}} \end{aligned}$$

 figure: Fig. 3.

Fig. 3. (a) Magnitude and (b) phase of simulated S-parameters; real and imaginary parts of retrieved (c) permittivity (ε); (d) permeability (μ); (e) refractive index (n) and (f) impedance (z) from CST-MWS

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

Equation (2) is derived from Eq. (1), using mathematical simplifications and separating A into its real and imaginary parts. It can be seen that for A ∼ 1, the real part of z ∼ 1 and the imaginary part ∼ 0. From Fig. 3(f), it is clearly seen that normalized impedance lies close to 1 for the wavelengths where the absorption is high.

3.3 Polarization- and incidence angle-independence

The broadband absorption achieved by the proposed design is independent of the angle of incidence, as can be seen in Fig. 4(a) and Fig. 4(b) for TE (transverse electric) and TM (transverse magnetic) incident lights, respectively. Even for large oblique incident angles, strong average absorption is observed such that A = 92% at 60° for TM polarization and 87% for TE polarization in the visible regime. This shows that the magnetic field orientation is maintained so that the strength of magnetic resonance is kept the same at all incident angles. The designed structure is symmetric, and therefore, shows absorptance that is independent of polarization angle as well, as is depicted in Fig. 4(c), where polarization angles are varied from $\phi = 0^\circ $(TE-pol) to $\phi = 90^\circ $(TM-pol), showing insensitivity of the structure. Polarization-insensitivity is another necessary design requirement that stipulates maximum absorption for variable polarization and un-polarized sunlight [22]. Such characteristics lead to high efficiency for STPV systems when operated under high solar concentrations [38].

 figure: Fig. 4.

Fig. 4. (a) Absorption as a function of angle of incidence (${\theta } = 0^\circ \;\textrm{ to }\;60^\circ $) and wavelength; inset validating the independence of absorption w.r.t. ${{\theta }_\textrm{i}}$ for TE. (b) absorption as a function of angle of incidence (${\theta } = 0^\circ \;\textrm{ to }\;60^\circ $) and wavelength; inset validating the independence of absorption w.r.t. ${{\theta }_\textrm{i}}$ for TM. (c) absorption as a function of polarization angles (${\varphi } = 0^\circ \;\textrm{ to }\;90^\circ $ from TE polarization (0°) to TM polarization (90°) and wavelength; inset validating the independence of absorption w.r.t. ${\varphi _i}$. Simulated absorption of RMA with different structural parameters (d) height of the ring (e) width of the ring (f) height of the spacer, (g) height of the ground plane, and (h) calculated absorption for decoupled absorber based on interference model in comparison with the simulated absorption for coupled metamaterial absorber. Inset: Multiple reflections and interference model of the metamaterial absorber

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

3.4 Absorption spectrum and geometric parameters

In this section, we describe the relationship of geometrical parameters of nanostructure with absorption. Figure 4(d-g) show the absorption values for RMA when ‘hr’, ‘w’, ‘hs’ and ‘hg’ are varied over different ranges as hr = 20-60 nm, w = 30-70 nm, hs = 20-100 nm, and hg = 110-190 nm.

3.5 Multiple reflections interference model

In general, the MIM metamaterial absorber is taken as a coupled system, essentially the electric and magnetic resonances from two layers of metal take place, and hence free space matching is observed, which minimizes reflection. Additionally, the ground plane material being highly lossy causes zero transmission, leading to having high absorption.

However, in the light of interference model, the near-field interactions or magnetic response between the neighboring metals in a metamaterial absorber are not very significant, and they are linked just due to multiple reflections taking place between them. For a decoupled system, the unit-cell is considered to have two tuned interfaces, with ring-resonator and ground plane lying at two sides of the spacer. The light incident at the air-spacer interface is reflected back to the air and partially transmitted into the spacer, with a reflection coefficient ${\tilde{r}_{as}} = {r_{as}}{e^{j{\theta _{as}}}}$ and transmission coefficient${\tilde{t}_{as}} = {t_{as}}{e^{j{\theta _{as}}}}$, which transmits further, striking the ground plane with propagation phase$\beta = {n_{spacer}}{k_o}d$, where k0 is free space wavenumber. Again, it reflects back and at the air-spacer interface, with the coefficients ${\tilde{r}_{sa}} = {r_{sa}}{e^{j{\theta _{sa}}}}$ and${\tilde{t}_{sa}} = {t_{sa}}{e^{j{\theta _{sa}}}}$. The superposition of multiple reflections results in overall reflection given by:

$$\tilde{r} = {\tilde{r}_{as}} - \frac{{{{\tilde{t}}_{as}}{{\tilde{t}}_{sa}}{e^{j2\tilde{\beta }}}}}{{1 + {{\tilde{r}}_{sa}}{e^{j2\tilde{\beta }}}}}$$
where ras is reflection from ring-resonator into the air, and the other term with “minus” sign indicates the superposition of multiple reflections between two metals. The absorption is$A(\lambda )= 1 - {|{\tilde{r}(\lambda )} |^2}$, as the transmission is zero and${r_{sg}} ={-} 1$. According to interference theory, the destructive interference between direct reflections and subsequent reflections effectively traps light in metamaterial absorber, as depicted in the inset of Fig. 4(h) [39]. Figure 4(h) reveals a good comparison between simulated results (Fig. 1(b)) and theoretically obtained absorption results from Eq. (3), which remains within 80% of each other up to 1800 nm; thus, validating the performance of our design for broadband absorber in visible and near-infrared range of frequencies.

3.6 Field intensity distributions

To further understand the physical mechanism behind ultra-broadband absorption, the electric (Fig. 5(a-c)), magnetic (Fig. 5(d-f)) field intensity distributions, the power flows, and the power loss densities are also investigated [14]. Electromagnetic field distribution is gathered for normal incidence along z-axis for 400, 630 and 800 nm and is shown for x-z plane. The electric field is localized within the ring cavity, while the magnetic field is localized within the spacer layer, along x-axis. The resonant electric field distribution occurs at reflection dip. As can be seen from Fig. 5 that at λr = 630 nm, the localized electric field is mainly concentrated within the ring structure, while the magnetic field is high at the outer edges. Moreover, from the profiles of power loss in Fig. 5(g-i), it is observed that the power loss is mainly concentrated in ZrN nanostructure, which is also consistent with the distributions of EM field.

 figure: Fig. 5.

Fig. 5. (a)-(c) Normalized electric field distribution profiles at λ = 400, 630 & 800 nm in x-z plane; (d)-(f) normalized magnetic field distribution profiles at λ = 400, 630 & 800 nm in x-z plane; (g)-(i) normalized power loss at λ = 400, 630 & 800 nm in x-z plane, respectively.

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

4. Emitter design

According to Kirchhoff’s law of thermal radiation, absorption is equal to emission at thermal equilibrium [40], which further means that a selective absorber will be a selective emitter at a certain operating temperature. A design comprising absorber and emitter, placed between the incident solar radiations and a PV cell, converts the broadband solar spectral radiation to selective narrowband radiation that is spectrally matched to the bandgap of PV cell. A PV cell with a high bandgap cannot fully absorb the solar spectrum, and if the bandgap is low, then most of the energy in high-energy photons is wasted. As reported in [41], III-V multi-junction (MJ) PV cells have an energy bandgap (Eg) ranging from 0.7 eV-1.9 eV for better conversion efficiencies. Figure 6 and Table 1 show that for the proposed emitter structure, the obtained BGs with different parameter sets lie in the range compatible with cell bandgap energies cited in [41], and that absorption for each of the designs is > 94.51%.

 figure: Fig. 6.

Fig. 6. (a) Emitter unit-cell with ground, spacer and ring for different Eg realizations. (b) variation of structural dimensions and obtained emittance in the range Eg = 0.5 eV to 3.0 eV. (c) angle-insensitivity of emitter design for S-polarization (d) angle-insensitivity of emitter design for P-polarization (e) retrieved impedance for emitter unit cell and (f) calculated emittance for decoupled structure based on interference model in comparison with the simulated emittance for coupled metamaterial absorber. Inset: multiple interference and interference model

Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF

Tables Icon

Table 1. Design Parameters Variation for Realization of Different Bandgap Energies (eV)

In Fig. 6(a), the unit-cell for emitter design with variation of structural dimensions is presented for realization of different values of bandgap energies in the range where most of the PV cells are designed (0.7 eV to 1.9 eV), so that the selective emitter’s and solar cell’s Eg match. In Table 1 and Fig. 6(b), the obtained eV values with emittance/ absorbance are shown with respective changes in the structure, showing that the lowest observed value of emittance is 94.5% for 0.8 eV. The simple ring structure thus achieves excellent bandgap matching with the PV cells. In Fig. 6(c-d), the angle-insensitivity of the emitter design for both polarizations is shown. The proposed emitter design is also analyzed for impedance matching and the results are shown in Fig. 6(e). Finally, the application of interference theory is demonstrated through a comparison between simulated and calculated emittances for the proposed emitter design, covering bandgap energies between 0.5 eV – 3.0 eV (Fig. 6(f)).

5. Conclusion

In conclusion, a refractory metal nitride, ZrN-based absorber, is presented with the desired spectral response for STPV applications. The absorption of metamaterial structure is geometry-dependent, which is tuned to present maximum absorptance values of 99.70% and 99.54%, with and without coating, respectively, with an average absorptance of 95% for 400-800 nm, and 86.00% for 280-2200 nm. The average broadband absorptance is 88.96% for HfO2, 84.25% for Si3N4, 90.67% for TiO2, and 87.17% for Cr2O3 dielectric coatings with a thickness of 15 nm on top of the ZrN ring. The simple metasurface solar absorber exhibits high absorption for the frequencies where the solar spectral intensity is highly concentrated, while the emittance is highly suppressed at these frequencies to reduce thermal radiative loss. The metasurface thermal emitter allows for wavelength-selective emission that matches the bandgap of solar cells and the spectral peak of blackbody radiation to maximize thermal energy harvesting. The structure is highly resistive to environmental conditions and temperature degradation due to the high melting point of ZrN, which is 2980 °C. Multiple reflections and interference model.

The absorber is insensitive to change in incidence angle and polarization making it useful for complex electromagnetic conditions. It was observed that the electromagnetic resonances and dielectric loss of the structure have made such a high absorption possible. Moreover, analytically obtained results from interference theory are comparable to those obtained for a coupled system using simulations, which validates the results obtained through the simulation setup. In addition to STPV application, the thermal and chemical stability of composite materials makes them useful for high-power optoelectronics applications.

Disclosures

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Data availability

Data underlying the results presented in this paper may be obtained from authors upon request.

References

1. A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 6–11 (2016). [CrossRef]  

2. R. Long, Z. Rao, K. Mao, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Q. Liu, C. Wang, Z.-Y. Li, X. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Efficient coupling of solar energy to catalytic hydrogenation by using well-designed palladium nanostructures,” Angew. Chemie 127(8), 2455–2460 (2015). [CrossRef]  

3. S. Ishii, R. P. Sugavaneshwar, and T. Nagao, “Titanium nitride nanoparticles as plasmonic solar heat transducers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(4), 2343–2348 (2016). [CrossRef]  

4. N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010). [CrossRef]  

5. M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016). [CrossRef]  

6. W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C. W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11930 (2016). [CrossRef]  

7. H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014). [CrossRef]  

8. C. M. Soukoulis and M. Wegener, “Past achievements and future challenges in the development of three-dimensional photonic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 523–530 (2011). [CrossRef]  

9. C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers (adv. mater. 23/2012),” Adv. Mater 24, OP181 (2012). [CrossRef]  

10. A. Lalisse, G. Tessier, J. Plain, and G. Baffou, “Plasmonic efficiencies of nanoparticles made of metal nitrides (TiN, ZrN) compared with gold,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38647 (2016). [CrossRef]  

11. A. S. Foster, V. B. Sulimov, F. L. Gejo, A. L. Shluger, and R. M. Nieminen, “Structure and electrical levels of point defects in monoclinic zirconia,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 64, 2241081 (2001). [CrossRef]  

12. A. S. Rana, M. Zubair, A. Danner, and M. Q. Mehmood, “Revisiting tantalum based nanostructures for efficient harvesting of solar radiation in STPV systems,” Nano Energy 80, 105520 (2021). [CrossRef]  

13. H. Ye, H. Wang, and Q. Cai, “Two-dimensional VO2 photonic crystal selective emitter,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 158, 119–126 (2015). [CrossRef]  

14. A. S. Rana, M. Zubair, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, and M. Q. Mehmood, “Engineering the absorption spectra of thin film multilayer absorbers for enhanced color purity in CMY color filters,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 268 (2020). [CrossRef]  

15. V. S. Asadchy, I. A. Faniayeu, Y. Ra’di, S. A. Khakhomov, I. V. Semchenko, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Broadband reflectionless metasheets: Frequency-selective transmission and perfect absorption,” Phys. Rev. X 5, 031005 (2015). [CrossRef]  

16. N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008). [CrossRef]  

17. V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 78(20), 205405 (2008). [CrossRef]  

18. V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014). [CrossRef]  

19. Z. Liu, H. Zhong, H. Zhang, Z. Huang, G. Liu, X. Liu, G. Fu, and C. Tang, “Silicon multi-resonant metasurface for full-spectrum perfect solar energy absorption,” Sol. Energy 199, 360–365 (2020). [CrossRef]  

20. L. Zhou, Y. Tan, J. Wang, W. Xu, Y. Yuan, W. Cai, S. Zhu, and J. Zhu, “3D self-assembly of aluminium nanoparticles for plasmon-enhanced solar desalination,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 393–398 (2016). [CrossRef]  

21. H. Q. Wu, R. L. Zhong, S. L. Sun, H. L. Xu, and Z. M. Su, “Alkali metals-substituted adamantanes lead to visible light absorption: Large first hyperpolarizability,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(13), 6952–6958 (2014). [CrossRef]  

22. Z. Liu, G. Liu, Z. Huang, X. Liu, and G. Fu, “Ultra-broadband perfect solar absorber by an ultra-thin refractory titanium nitride meta-surface,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 179, 346–352 (2018). [CrossRef]  

23. Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, F. Zhang, and D. Lippens, “Mie resonance-based dielectric metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12(12), 60–69 (2009). [CrossRef]  

24. J-E Sundgren and H. T. G. Hentzell, “A review of the present state of art in hard coatings grown from the vapor phase,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 4(5), 2259–2279 (1986). [CrossRef]  

25. J. A. Briggs, G. V. Naik, T. A. Petach, B. K. Baum, D. Goldhaber-Gordon, and J. A. Dionne, “Fully CMOS-compatible titanium nitride nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(5), 051110 (2016). [CrossRef]  

26. P. Patsalas, “Zirconium nitride: A viable candidate for photonics and plasmonics?” Thin Solid Films 688, 137438 (2019). [CrossRef]  

27. K. Hansen, A. Dutta, M. Cardona, and C. Yang, “Zirconium Nitride for Plasmonic Cloaking of Visible Nanowire Photodetectors,” Plasmonics 15(5), 1231–1241 (2020). [CrossRef]  

28. D. Pilloud, A. S. Dehlinger, J. F. Pierson, A. Roman, and L. Pichon, “Reactively sputtered zirconium nitride coatings: structural, mechanical, optical and electrical characteristics,” Surf. Coatings Technol. 174-175, 338–344 (2003). [CrossRef]  

29. S. M. Aouadi, M. Debessai, and P. Filip, “Zirconium nitride/silver nanocomposite structures for biomedical applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B Microelectron. Nanom. Struct. 22(3), 1134 (2004). [CrossRef]  

30. G. M. Matenoglou, L. E. Koutsokeras, and P. Patsalas, “Plasma energy and work function of conducting transition metal nitrides for electronic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 152108 (2009). [CrossRef]  

31. G. Abadias, L. E. Koutsokeras, A. Siozios, and P. Patsalas, “Stress, phase stability and oxidation resistance of ternary Ti–Me–N (Me = Zr, Ta) hard coatings,” Thin Solid Films 538, 56–70 (2013). [CrossRef]  

32. J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019). [CrossRef]  

33. J. Adachi, K. Kurosaki, M. Uno, and S. Yamanaka, “A molecular dynamics study of zirconium nitride,” J. Alloys Compd. 396(1-2), 260–263 (2005). [CrossRef]  

34. S. Camelio, T. Girardeau, L. Pichon, A. Straboni, C. Fayoux, and P. Guérin, “Transformation of the semi-transparent into the metallic phase of zirconium nitride compounds by implantation at controlled temperature: the evolution of the optical properties,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 2(5), 442–448 (2000). [CrossRef]  

35. A. S. Rana, M. Q. Mehmood, H. Jeong, I. Kim, and J. Rho, “Tungsten-based Ultrathin Absorber for Visible Regime,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2–9 (2018). [CrossRef]  

36. J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83, 1–12 (2011). [CrossRef]  

37. D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 71(3), 036617 (2005). [CrossRef]  

38. C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011). [CrossRef]  

39. H.-T. Chen, “Interference theory of metamaterial perfect absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7165 (2012). [CrossRef]  

40. C. C. Chang, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, J. Nogan, T. S. Luk, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, M. Sykora, and H. T. Chen, “High-temperature refractory metasurfaces for solar thermophotovoltaic energy harvesting,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7665–7673 (2018). [CrossRef]  

41. D. J. Friedman, J. F. Geisz, A. G. Norman, M. W. Wanlass, and S. R. Kurtz, “0.7-eV GaInAs junction for a GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs(1 eV)/GaInAs(0.7 eV) four-junction solar cell,” in 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference (2006), Vol. 1, pp. 598–602.

References

  • View by:

  1. A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 6–11 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. Long, Z. Rao, K. Mao, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Q. Liu, C. Wang, Z.-Y. Li, X. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Efficient coupling of solar energy to catalytic hydrogenation by using well-designed palladium nanostructures,” Angew. Chemie 127(8), 2455–2460 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Ishii, R. P. Sugavaneshwar, and T. Nagao, “Titanium nitride nanoparticles as plasmonic solar heat transducers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(4), 2343–2348 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  4. N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  6. W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C. W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11930 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  7. H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. M. Soukoulis and M. Wegener, “Past achievements and future challenges in the development of three-dimensional photonic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 523–530 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers (adv. mater. 23/2012),” Adv. Mater 24, OP181 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Lalisse, G. Tessier, J. Plain, and G. Baffou, “Plasmonic efficiencies of nanoparticles made of metal nitrides (TiN, ZrN) compared with gold,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38647 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. S. Foster, V. B. Sulimov, F. L. Gejo, A. L. Shluger, and R. M. Nieminen, “Structure and electrical levels of point defects in monoclinic zirconia,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 64, 2241081 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. S. Rana, M. Zubair, A. Danner, and M. Q. Mehmood, “Revisiting tantalum based nanostructures for efficient harvesting of solar radiation in STPV systems,” Nano Energy 80, 105520 (2021).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Ye, H. Wang, and Q. Cai, “Two-dimensional VO2 photonic crystal selective emitter,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 158, 119–126 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. S. Rana, M. Zubair, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, and M. Q. Mehmood, “Engineering the absorption spectra of thin film multilayer absorbers for enhanced color purity in CMY color filters,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 268 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  15. V. S. Asadchy, I. A. Faniayeu, Y. Ra’di, S. A. Khakhomov, I. V. Semchenko, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Broadband reflectionless metasheets: Frequency-selective transmission and perfect absorption,” Phys. Rev. X 5, 031005 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  16. N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  17. V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 78(20), 205405 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  18. V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  19. Z. Liu, H. Zhong, H. Zhang, Z. Huang, G. Liu, X. Liu, G. Fu, and C. Tang, “Silicon multi-resonant metasurface for full-spectrum perfect solar energy absorption,” Sol. Energy 199, 360–365 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  20. L. Zhou, Y. Tan, J. Wang, W. Xu, Y. Yuan, W. Cai, S. Zhu, and J. Zhu, “3D self-assembly of aluminium nanoparticles for plasmon-enhanced solar desalination,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 393–398 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  21. H. Q. Wu, R. L. Zhong, S. L. Sun, H. L. Xu, and Z. M. Su, “Alkali metals-substituted adamantanes lead to visible light absorption: Large first hyperpolarizability,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(13), 6952–6958 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  22. Z. Liu, G. Liu, Z. Huang, X. Liu, and G. Fu, “Ultra-broadband perfect solar absorber by an ultra-thin refractory titanium nitride meta-surface,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 179, 346–352 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  23. Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, F. Zhang, and D. Lippens, “Mie resonance-based dielectric metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12(12), 60–69 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  24. J-E Sundgren and H. T. G. Hentzell, “A review of the present state of art in hard coatings grown from the vapor phase,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 4(5), 2259–2279 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  25. J. A. Briggs, G. V. Naik, T. A. Petach, B. K. Baum, D. Goldhaber-Gordon, and J. A. Dionne, “Fully CMOS-compatible titanium nitride nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(5), 051110 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  26. P. Patsalas, “Zirconium nitride: A viable candidate for photonics and plasmonics?” Thin Solid Films 688, 137438 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  27. K. Hansen, A. Dutta, M. Cardona, and C. Yang, “Zirconium Nitride for Plasmonic Cloaking of Visible Nanowire Photodetectors,” Plasmonics 15(5), 1231–1241 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  28. D. Pilloud, A. S. Dehlinger, J. F. Pierson, A. Roman, and L. Pichon, “Reactively sputtered zirconium nitride coatings: structural, mechanical, optical and electrical characteristics,” Surf. Coatings Technol. 174-175, 338–344 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  29. S. M. Aouadi, M. Debessai, and P. Filip, “Zirconium nitride/silver nanocomposite structures for biomedical applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B Microelectron. Nanom. Struct. 22(3), 1134 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  30. G. M. Matenoglou, L. E. Koutsokeras, and P. Patsalas, “Plasma energy and work function of conducting transition metal nitrides for electronic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 152108 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  31. G. Abadias, L. E. Koutsokeras, A. Siozios, and P. Patsalas, “Stress, phase stability and oxidation resistance of ternary Ti–Me–N (Me = Zr, Ta) hard coatings,” Thin Solid Films 538, 56–70 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  32. J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  33. J. Adachi, K. Kurosaki, M. Uno, and S. Yamanaka, “A molecular dynamics study of zirconium nitride,” J. Alloys Compd. 396(1-2), 260–263 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  34. S. Camelio, T. Girardeau, L. Pichon, A. Straboni, C. Fayoux, and P. Guérin, “Transformation of the semi-transparent into the metallic phase of zirconium nitride compounds by implantation at controlled temperature: the evolution of the optical properties,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 2(5), 442–448 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  35. A. S. Rana, M. Q. Mehmood, H. Jeong, I. Kim, and J. Rho, “Tungsten-based Ultrathin Absorber for Visible Regime,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2–9 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  36. J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83, 1–12 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  37. D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 71(3), 036617 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  38. C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  39. H.-T. Chen, “Interference theory of metamaterial perfect absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7165 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  40. C. C. Chang, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, J. Nogan, T. S. Luk, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, M. Sykora, and H. T. Chen, “High-temperature refractory metasurfaces for solar thermophotovoltaic energy harvesting,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7665–7673 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  41. D. J. Friedman, J. F. Geisz, A. G. Norman, M. W. Wanlass, and S. R. Kurtz, “0.7-eV GaInAs junction for a GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs(1 eV)/GaInAs(0.7 eV) four-junction solar cell,” in 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference (2006), Vol. 1, pp. 598–602.

2021 (1)

A. S. Rana, M. Zubair, A. Danner, and M. Q. Mehmood, “Revisiting tantalum based nanostructures for efficient harvesting of solar radiation in STPV systems,” Nano Energy 80, 105520 (2021).
[Crossref]

2020 (3)

A. S. Rana, M. Zubair, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, and M. Q. Mehmood, “Engineering the absorption spectra of thin film multilayer absorbers for enhanced color purity in CMY color filters,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 268 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, H. Zhong, H. Zhang, Z. Huang, G. Liu, X. Liu, G. Fu, and C. Tang, “Silicon multi-resonant metasurface for full-spectrum perfect solar energy absorption,” Sol. Energy 199, 360–365 (2020).
[Crossref]

K. Hansen, A. Dutta, M. Cardona, and C. Yang, “Zirconium Nitride for Plasmonic Cloaking of Visible Nanowire Photodetectors,” Plasmonics 15(5), 1231–1241 (2020).
[Crossref]

2019 (2)

J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
[Crossref]

P. Patsalas, “Zirconium nitride: A viable candidate for photonics and plasmonics?” Thin Solid Films 688, 137438 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (3)

Z. Liu, G. Liu, Z. Huang, X. Liu, and G. Fu, “Ultra-broadband perfect solar absorber by an ultra-thin refractory titanium nitride meta-surface,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 179, 346–352 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. S. Rana, M. Q. Mehmood, H. Jeong, I. Kim, and J. Rho, “Tungsten-based Ultrathin Absorber for Visible Regime,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. C. Chang, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, J. Nogan, T. S. Luk, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, M. Sykora, and H. T. Chen, “High-temperature refractory metasurfaces for solar thermophotovoltaic energy harvesting,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7665–7673 (2018).
[Crossref]

2016 (7)

J. A. Briggs, G. V. Naik, T. A. Petach, B. K. Baum, D. Goldhaber-Gordon, and J. A. Dionne, “Fully CMOS-compatible titanium nitride nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(5), 051110 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Zhou, Y. Tan, J. Wang, W. Xu, Y. Yuan, W. Cai, S. Zhu, and J. Zhu, “3D self-assembly of aluminium nanoparticles for plasmon-enhanced solar desalination,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 393–398 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Lalisse, G. Tessier, J. Plain, and G. Baffou, “Plasmonic efficiencies of nanoparticles made of metal nitrides (TiN, ZrN) compared with gold,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38647 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 6–11 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Ishii, R. P. Sugavaneshwar, and T. Nagao, “Titanium nitride nanoparticles as plasmonic solar heat transducers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(4), 2343–2348 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C. W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

R. Long, Z. Rao, K. Mao, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Q. Liu, C. Wang, Z.-Y. Li, X. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Efficient coupling of solar energy to catalytic hydrogenation by using well-designed palladium nanostructures,” Angew. Chemie 127(8), 2455–2460 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Ye, H. Wang, and Q. Cai, “Two-dimensional VO2 photonic crystal selective emitter,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 158, 119–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

V. S. Asadchy, I. A. Faniayeu, Y. Ra’di, S. A. Khakhomov, I. V. Semchenko, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Broadband reflectionless metasheets: Frequency-selective transmission and perfect absorption,” Phys. Rev. X 5, 031005 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Q. Wu, R. L. Zhong, S. L. Sun, H. L. Xu, and Z. M. Su, “Alkali metals-substituted adamantanes lead to visible light absorption: Large first hyperpolarizability,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(13), 6952–6958 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

G. Abadias, L. E. Koutsokeras, A. Siozios, and P. Patsalas, “Stress, phase stability and oxidation resistance of ternary Ti–Me–N (Me = Zr, Ta) hard coatings,” Thin Solid Films 538, 56–70 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

H.-T. Chen, “Interference theory of metamaterial perfect absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7165 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers (adv. mater. 23/2012),” Adv. Mater 24, OP181 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83, 1–12 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. M. Soukoulis and M. Wegener, “Past achievements and future challenges in the development of three-dimensional photonic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 523–530 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

G. M. Matenoglou, L. E. Koutsokeras, and P. Patsalas, “Plasma energy and work function of conducting transition metal nitrides for electronic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 152108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, F. Zhang, and D. Lippens, “Mie resonance-based dielectric metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12(12), 60–69 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 78(20), 205405 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 71(3), 036617 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Adachi, K. Kurosaki, M. Uno, and S. Yamanaka, “A molecular dynamics study of zirconium nitride,” J. Alloys Compd. 396(1-2), 260–263 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

S. M. Aouadi, M. Debessai, and P. Filip, “Zirconium nitride/silver nanocomposite structures for biomedical applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B Microelectron. Nanom. Struct. 22(3), 1134 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

D. Pilloud, A. S. Dehlinger, J. F. Pierson, A. Roman, and L. Pichon, “Reactively sputtered zirconium nitride coatings: structural, mechanical, optical and electrical characteristics,” Surf. Coatings Technol. 174-175, 338–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

A. S. Foster, V. B. Sulimov, F. L. Gejo, A. L. Shluger, and R. M. Nieminen, “Structure and electrical levels of point defects in monoclinic zirconia,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 64, 2241081 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

S. Camelio, T. Girardeau, L. Pichon, A. Straboni, C. Fayoux, and P. Guérin, “Transformation of the semi-transparent into the metallic phase of zirconium nitride compounds by implantation at controlled temperature: the evolution of the optical properties,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 2(5), 442–448 (2000).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

J-E Sundgren and H. T. G. Hentzell, “A review of the present state of art in hard coatings grown from the vapor phase,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 4(5), 2259–2279 (1986).
[Crossref]

Abadias, G.

G. Abadias, L. E. Koutsokeras, A. Siozios, and P. Patsalas, “Stress, phase stability and oxidation resistance of ternary Ti–Me–N (Me = Zr, Ta) hard coatings,” Thin Solid Films 538, 56–70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Adachi, J.

J. Adachi, K. Kurosaki, M. Uno, and S. Yamanaka, “A molecular dynamics study of zirconium nitride,” J. Alloys Compd. 396(1-2), 260–263 (2005).
[Crossref]

Anwar, M. S.

Aouadi, S. M.

S. M. Aouadi, M. Debessai, and P. Filip, “Zirconium nitride/silver nanocomposite structures for biomedical applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B Microelectron. Nanom. Struct. 22(3), 1134 (2004).
[Crossref]

Asadchy, V. S.

V. S. Asadchy, I. A. Faniayeu, Y. Ra’di, S. A. Khakhomov, I. V. Semchenko, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Broadband reflectionless metasheets: Frequency-selective transmission and perfect absorption,” Phys. Rev. X 5, 031005 (2015).
[Crossref]

Azad, A. K.

C. C. Chang, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, J. Nogan, T. S. Luk, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, M. Sykora, and H. T. Chen, “High-temperature refractory metasurfaces for solar thermophotovoltaic energy harvesting,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7665–7673 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 6–11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Baffou, G.

A. Lalisse, G. Tessier, J. Plain, and G. Baffou, “Plasmonic efficiencies of nanoparticles made of metal nitrides (TiN, ZrN) compared with gold,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38647 (2016).
[Crossref]

Baum, B. K.

J. A. Briggs, G. V. Naik, T. A. Petach, B. K. Baum, D. Goldhaber-Gordon, and J. A. Dionne, “Fully CMOS-compatible titanium nitride nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(5), 051110 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bierman, D. M.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

Briggs, J. A.

J. A. Briggs, G. V. Naik, T. A. Petach, B. K. Baum, D. Goldhaber-Gordon, and J. A. Dionne, “Fully CMOS-compatible titanium nitride nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(5), 051110 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cai, Q.

H. Ye, H. Wang, and Q. Cai, “Two-dimensional VO2 photonic crystal selective emitter,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 158, 119–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

L. Zhou, Y. Tan, J. Wang, W. Xu, Y. Yuan, W. Cai, S. Zhu, and J. Zhu, “3D self-assembly of aluminium nanoparticles for plasmon-enhanced solar desalination,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 393–398 (2016).
[Crossref]

Camelio, S.

S. Camelio, T. Girardeau, L. Pichon, A. Straboni, C. Fayoux, and P. Guérin, “Transformation of the semi-transparent into the metallic phase of zirconium nitride compounds by implantation at controlled temperature: the evolution of the optical properties,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 2(5), 442–448 (2000).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cardona, M.

K. Hansen, A. Dutta, M. Cardona, and C. Yang, “Zirconium Nitride for Plasmonic Cloaking of Visible Nanowire Photodetectors,” Plasmonics 15(5), 1231–1241 (2020).
[Crossref]

Celanovic, I.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chan, W. R.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chang, C. C.

C. C. Chang, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, J. Nogan, T. S. Luk, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, M. Sykora, and H. T. Chen, “High-temperature refractory metasurfaces for solar thermophotovoltaic energy harvesting,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7665–7673 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. T.

C. C. Chang, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, J. Nogan, T. S. Luk, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, M. Sykora, and H. T. Chen, “High-temperature refractory metasurfaces for solar thermophotovoltaic energy harvesting,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7665–7673 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 6–11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-T.

Chen, S.

J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. T.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dalvit, D. A. R.

C. C. Chang, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, J. Nogan, T. S. Luk, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, M. Sykora, and H. T. Chen, “High-temperature refractory metasurfaces for solar thermophotovoltaic energy harvesting,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7665–7673 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 6–11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Danner, A.

A. S. Rana, M. Zubair, A. Danner, and M. Q. Mehmood, “Revisiting tantalum based nanostructures for efficient harvesting of solar radiation in STPV systems,” Nano Energy 80, 105520 (2021).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Debessai, M.

S. M. Aouadi, M. Debessai, and P. Filip, “Zirconium nitride/silver nanocomposite structures for biomedical applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B Microelectron. Nanom. Struct. 22(3), 1134 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dehlinger, A. S.

D. Pilloud, A. S. Dehlinger, J. F. Pierson, A. Roman, and L. Pichon, “Reactively sputtered zirconium nitride coatings: structural, mechanical, optical and electrical characteristics,” Surf. Coatings Technol. 174-175, 338–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

Devlin, R. C.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dionne, J. A.

J. A. Briggs, G. V. Naik, T. A. Petach, B. K. Baum, D. Goldhaber-Gordon, and J. A. Dionne, “Fully CMOS-compatible titanium nitride nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(5), 051110 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dutta, A.

K. Hansen, A. Dutta, M. Cardona, and C. Yang, “Zirconium Nitride for Plasmonic Cloaking of Visible Nanowire Photodetectors,” Plasmonics 15(5), 1231–1241 (2020).
[Crossref]

Faniayeu, I. A.

V. S. Asadchy, I. A. Faniayeu, Y. Ra’di, S. A. Khakhomov, I. V. Semchenko, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Broadband reflectionless metasheets: Frequency-selective transmission and perfect absorption,” Phys. Rev. X 5, 031005 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fayoux, C.

S. Camelio, T. Girardeau, L. Pichon, A. Straboni, C. Fayoux, and P. Guérin, “Transformation of the semi-transparent into the metallic phase of zirconium nitride compounds by implantation at controlled temperature: the evolution of the optical properties,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 2(5), 442–448 (2000).
[Crossref]

Filip, P.

S. M. Aouadi, M. Debessai, and P. Filip, “Zirconium nitride/silver nanocomposite structures for biomedical applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B Microelectron. Nanom. Struct. 22(3), 1134 (2004).
[Crossref]

Foster, A. S.

A. S. Foster, V. B. Sulimov, F. L. Gejo, A. L. Shluger, and R. M. Nieminen, “Structure and electrical levels of point defects in monoclinic zirconia,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 64, 2241081 (2001).
[Crossref]

Friedman, D. J.

D. J. Friedman, J. F. Geisz, A. G. Norman, M. W. Wanlass, and S. R. Kurtz, “0.7-eV GaInAs junction for a GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs(1 eV)/GaInAs(0.7 eV) four-junction solar cell,” in 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference (2006), Vol. 1, pp. 598–602.

Fu, G.

Z. Liu, H. Zhong, H. Zhang, Z. Huang, G. Liu, X. Liu, G. Fu, and C. Tang, “Silicon multi-resonant metasurface for full-spectrum perfect solar energy absorption,” Sol. Energy 199, 360–365 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, G. Liu, Z. Huang, X. Liu, and G. Fu, “Ultra-broadband perfect solar absorber by an ultra-thin refractory titanium nitride meta-surface,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 179, 346–352 (2018).
[Crossref]

Geil, R. D.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

Geisz, J. F.

D. J. Friedman, J. F. Geisz, A. G. Norman, M. W. Wanlass, and S. R. Kurtz, “0.7-eV GaInAs junction for a GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs(1 eV)/GaInAs(0.7 eV) four-junction solar cell,” in 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference (2006), Vol. 1, pp. 598–602.

Gejo, F. L.

A. S. Foster, V. B. Sulimov, F. L. Gejo, A. L. Shluger, and R. M. Nieminen, “Structure and electrical levels of point defects in monoclinic zirconia,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 64, 2241081 (2001).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Girardeau, T.

S. Camelio, T. Girardeau, L. Pichon, A. Straboni, C. Fayoux, and P. Guérin, “Transformation of the semi-transparent into the metallic phase of zirconium nitride compounds by implantation at controlled temperature: the evolution of the optical properties,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 2(5), 442–448 (2000).
[Crossref]

Goldhaber-Gordon, D.

J. A. Briggs, G. V. Naik, T. A. Petach, B. K. Baum, D. Goldhaber-Gordon, and J. A. Dionne, “Fully CMOS-compatible titanium nitride nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(5), 051110 (2016).
[Crossref]

Grigorenko, A. N.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 78(20), 205405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Guérin, P.

S. Camelio, T. Girardeau, L. Pichon, A. Straboni, C. Fayoux, and P. Guérin, “Transformation of the semi-transparent into the metallic phase of zirconium nitride compounds by implantation at controlled temperature: the evolution of the optical properties,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 2(5), 442–448 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hansen, K.

K. Hansen, A. Dutta, M. Cardona, and C. Yang, “Zirconium Nitride for Plasmonic Cloaking of Visible Nanowire Photodetectors,” Plasmonics 15(5), 1231–1241 (2020).
[Crossref]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83, 1–12 (2011).
[Crossref]

He, S.

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C. W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hentzell, H. T. G.

J-E Sundgren and H. T. G. Hentzell, “A review of the present state of art in hard coatings grown from the vapor phase,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 4(5), 2259–2279 (1986).
[Crossref]

Huang, K.

H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, Z.

Z. Liu, H. Zhong, H. Zhang, Z. Huang, G. Liu, X. Liu, G. Fu, and C. Tang, “Silicon multi-resonant metasurface for full-spectrum perfect solar energy absorption,” Sol. Energy 199, 360–365 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, G. Liu, Z. Huang, X. Liu, and G. Fu, “Ultra-broadband perfect solar absorber by an ultra-thin refractory titanium nitride meta-surface,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 179, 346–352 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ishii, S.

S. Ishii, R. P. Sugavaneshwar, and T. Nagao, “Titanium nitride nanoparticles as plasmonic solar heat transducers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(4), 2343–2348 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jeong, H.

A. S. Rana, M. Q. Mehmood, H. Jeong, I. Kim, and J. Rho, “Tungsten-based Ultrathin Absorber for Visible Regime,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

John, J.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ke, L.

H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Khakhomov, S. A.

V. S. Asadchy, I. A. Faniayeu, Y. Ra’di, S. A. Khakhomov, I. V. Semchenko, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Broadband reflectionless metasheets: Frequency-selective transmission and perfect absorption,” Phys. Rev. X 5, 031005 (2015).
[Crossref]

Khorasaninejad, M.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, I.

A. S. Rana, M. Q. Mehmood, H. Jeong, I. Kim, and J. Rho, “Tungsten-based Ultrathin Absorber for Visible Regime,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kort-Kamp, W. J. M.

C. C. Chang, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, J. Nogan, T. S. Luk, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, M. Sykora, and H. T. Chen, “High-temperature refractory metasurfaces for solar thermophotovoltaic energy harvesting,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7665–7673 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 6–11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Koschny, T.

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 71(3), 036617 (2005).
[Crossref]

Koutsokeras, L. E.

G. Abadias, L. E. Koutsokeras, A. Siozios, and P. Patsalas, “Stress, phase stability and oxidation resistance of ternary Ti–Me–N (Me = Zr, Ta) hard coatings,” Thin Solid Films 538, 56–70 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. M. Matenoglou, L. E. Koutsokeras, and P. Patsalas, “Plasma energy and work function of conducting transition metal nitrides for electronic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 152108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kravets, V. G.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 78(20), 205405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kurosaki, K.

J. Adachi, K. Kurosaki, M. Uno, and S. Yamanaka, “A molecular dynamics study of zirconium nitride,” J. Alloys Compd. 396(1-2), 260–263 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kurtz, S. R.

D. J. Friedman, J. F. Geisz, A. G. Norman, M. W. Wanlass, and S. R. Kurtz, “0.7-eV GaInAs junction for a GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs(1 eV)/GaInAs(0.7 eV) four-junction solar cell,” in 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference (2006), Vol. 1, pp. 598–602.

Lalisse, A.

A. Lalisse, G. Tessier, J. Plain, and G. Baffou, “Plasmonic efficiencies of nanoparticles made of metal nitrides (TiN, ZrN) compared with gold,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38647 (2016).
[Crossref]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lenert, A.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
[Crossref]

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C. W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

R. Long, Z. Rao, K. Mao, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Q. Liu, C. Wang, Z.-Y. Li, X. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Efficient coupling of solar energy to catalytic hydrogenation by using well-designed palladium nanostructures,” Angew. Chemie 127(8), 2455–2460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.-Y.

R. Long, Z. Rao, K. Mao, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Q. Liu, C. Wang, Z.-Y. Li, X. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Efficient coupling of solar energy to catalytic hydrogenation by using well-designed palladium nanostructures,” Angew. Chemie 127(8), 2455–2460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lippens, D.

Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, F. Zhang, and D. Lippens, “Mie resonance-based dielectric metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12(12), 60–69 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, F.

J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liu, G.

Z. Liu, H. Zhong, H. Zhang, Z. Huang, G. Liu, X. Liu, G. Fu, and C. Tang, “Silicon multi-resonant metasurface for full-spectrum perfect solar energy absorption,” Sol. Energy 199, 360–365 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, G. Liu, Z. Huang, X. Liu, and G. Fu, “Ultra-broadband perfect solar absorber by an ultra-thin refractory titanium nitride meta-surface,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 179, 346–352 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C. W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, Q.

R. Long, Z. Rao, K. Mao, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Q. Liu, C. Wang, Z.-Y. Li, X. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Efficient coupling of solar energy to catalytic hydrogenation by using well-designed palladium nanostructures,” Angew. Chemie 127(8), 2455–2460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Z. Liu, H. Zhong, H. Zhang, Z. Huang, G. Liu, X. Liu, G. Fu, and C. Tang, “Silicon multi-resonant metasurface for full-spectrum perfect solar energy absorption,” Sol. Energy 199, 360–365 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, G. Liu, Z. Huang, X. Liu, and G. Fu, “Ultra-broadband perfect solar absorber by an ultra-thin refractory titanium nitride meta-surface,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 179, 346–352 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers (adv. mater. 23/2012),” Adv. Mater 24, OP181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, H. Zhong, H. Zhang, Z. Huang, G. Liu, X. Liu, G. Fu, and C. Tang, “Silicon multi-resonant metasurface for full-spectrum perfect solar energy absorption,” Sol. Energy 199, 360–365 (2020).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, G. Liu, Z. Huang, X. Liu, and G. Fu, “Ultra-broadband perfect solar absorber by an ultra-thin refractory titanium nitride meta-surface,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 179, 346–352 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.-B.

J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
[Crossref]

Long, R.

R. Long, Z. Rao, K. Mao, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Q. Liu, C. Wang, Z.-Y. Li, X. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Efficient coupling of solar energy to catalytic hydrogenation by using well-designed palladium nanostructures,” Angew. Chemie 127(8), 2455–2460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luk, T. S.

C. C. Chang, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, J. Nogan, T. S. Luk, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, M. Sykora, and H. T. Chen, “High-temperature refractory metasurfaces for solar thermophotovoltaic energy harvesting,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7665–7673 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 6–11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mao, K.

R. Long, Z. Rao, K. Mao, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Q. Liu, C. Wang, Z.-Y. Li, X. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Efficient coupling of solar energy to catalytic hydrogenation by using well-designed palladium nanostructures,” Angew. Chemie 127(8), 2455–2460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Matenoglou, G. M.

G. M. Matenoglou, L. E. Koutsokeras, and P. Patsalas, “Plasma energy and work function of conducting transition metal nitrides for electronic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 152108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mehmood, M. Q.

A. S. Rana, M. Zubair, A. Danner, and M. Q. Mehmood, “Revisiting tantalum based nanostructures for efficient harvesting of solar radiation in STPV systems,” Nano Energy 80, 105520 (2021).
[Crossref]

A. S. Rana, M. Zubair, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, and M. Q. Mehmood, “Engineering the absorption spectra of thin film multilayer absorbers for enhanced color purity in CMY color filters,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 268 (2020).
[Crossref]

A. S. Rana, M. Q. Mehmood, H. Jeong, I. Kim, and J. Rho, “Tungsten-based Ultrathin Absorber for Visible Regime,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Milder, A.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nagao, T.

S. Ishii, R. P. Sugavaneshwar, and T. Nagao, “Titanium nitride nanoparticles as plasmonic solar heat transducers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(4), 2343–2348 (2016).
[Crossref]

Naik, G. V.

J. A. Briggs, G. V. Naik, T. A. Petach, B. K. Baum, D. Goldhaber-Gordon, and J. A. Dionne, “Fully CMOS-compatible titanium nitride nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(5), 051110 (2016).
[Crossref]

Neuner, B.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nieminen, R. M.

A. S. Foster, V. B. Sulimov, F. L. Gejo, A. L. Shluger, and R. M. Nieminen, “Structure and electrical levels of point defects in monoclinic zirconia,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 64, 2241081 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nogan, J.

C. C. Chang, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, J. Nogan, T. S. Luk, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, M. Sykora, and H. T. Chen, “High-temperature refractory metasurfaces for solar thermophotovoltaic energy harvesting,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7665–7673 (2018).
[Crossref]

Norman, A. G.

D. J. Friedman, J. F. Geisz, A. G. Norman, M. W. Wanlass, and S. R. Kurtz, “0.7-eV GaInAs junction for a GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs(1 eV)/GaInAs(0.7 eV) four-junction solar cell,” in 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference (2006), Vol. 1, pp. 598–602.

Oh, J.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Padilla, W. J.

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers (adv. mater. 23/2012),” Adv. Mater 24, OP181 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref]

Patsalas, P.

P. Patsalas, “Zirconium nitride: A viable candidate for photonics and plasmonics?” Thin Solid Films 688, 137438 (2019).
[Crossref]

G. Abadias, L. E. Koutsokeras, A. Siozios, and P. Patsalas, “Stress, phase stability and oxidation resistance of ternary Ti–Me–N (Me = Zr, Ta) hard coatings,” Thin Solid Films 538, 56–70 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. M. Matenoglou, L. E. Koutsokeras, and P. Patsalas, “Plasma energy and work function of conducting transition metal nitrides for electronic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 152108 (2009).
[Crossref]

Petach, T. A.

J. A. Briggs, G. V. Naik, T. A. Petach, B. K. Baum, D. Goldhaber-Gordon, and J. A. Dionne, “Fully CMOS-compatible titanium nitride nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(5), 051110 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pichon, L.

D. Pilloud, A. S. Dehlinger, J. F. Pierson, A. Roman, and L. Pichon, “Reactively sputtered zirconium nitride coatings: structural, mechanical, optical and electrical characteristics,” Surf. Coatings Technol. 174-175, 338–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Camelio, T. Girardeau, L. Pichon, A. Straboni, C. Fayoux, and P. Guérin, “Transformation of the semi-transparent into the metallic phase of zirconium nitride compounds by implantation at controlled temperature: the evolution of the optical properties,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 2(5), 442–448 (2000).
[Crossref]

Pierson, J. F.

D. Pilloud, A. S. Dehlinger, J. F. Pierson, A. Roman, and L. Pichon, “Reactively sputtered zirconium nitride coatings: structural, mechanical, optical and electrical characteristics,” Surf. Coatings Technol. 174-175, 338–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pilloud, D.

D. Pilloud, A. S. Dehlinger, J. F. Pierson, A. Roman, and L. Pichon, “Reactively sputtered zirconium nitride coatings: structural, mechanical, optical and electrical characteristics,” Surf. Coatings Technol. 174-175, 338–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

Plain, J.

A. Lalisse, G. Tessier, J. Plain, and G. Baffou, “Plasmonic efficiencies of nanoparticles made of metal nitrides (TiN, ZrN) compared with gold,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38647 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qiu, C. W.

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C. W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qiu, M.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83, 1–12 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ra’di, Y.

V. S. Asadchy, I. A. Faniayeu, Y. Ra’di, S. A. Khakhomov, I. V. Semchenko, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Broadband reflectionless metasheets: Frequency-selective transmission and perfect absorption,” Phys. Rev. X 5, 031005 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rana, A. S.

A. S. Rana, M. Zubair, A. Danner, and M. Q. Mehmood, “Revisiting tantalum based nanostructures for efficient harvesting of solar radiation in STPV systems,” Nano Energy 80, 105520 (2021).
[Crossref]

A. S. Rana, M. Zubair, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, and M. Q. Mehmood, “Engineering the absorption spectra of thin film multilayer absorbers for enhanced color purity in CMY color filters,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 268 (2020).
[Crossref]

A. S. Rana, M. Q. Mehmood, H. Jeong, I. Kim, and J. Rho, “Tungsten-based Ultrathin Absorber for Visible Regime,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Rao, Z.

R. Long, Z. Rao, K. Mao, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Q. Liu, C. Wang, Z.-Y. Li, X. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Efficient coupling of solar energy to catalytic hydrogenation by using well-designed palladium nanostructures,” Angew. Chemie 127(8), 2455–2460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Reineke, B.

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C. W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ren, M.

J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
[Crossref]

Rho, J.

A. S. Rana, M. Q. Mehmood, H. Jeong, I. Kim, and J. Rho, “Tungsten-based Ultrathin Absorber for Visible Regime,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

Rinnerbauer, V.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

Roman, A.

D. Pilloud, A. S. Dehlinger, J. F. Pierson, A. Roman, and L. Pichon, “Reactively sputtered zirconium nitride coatings: structural, mechanical, optical and electrical characteristics,” Surf. Coatings Technol. 174-175, 338–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref]

Saleem, M.

Savoy, S.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schedin, F.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 78(20), 205405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Semchenko, I. V.

V. S. Asadchy, I. A. Faniayeu, Y. Ra’di, S. A. Khakhomov, I. V. Semchenko, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Broadband reflectionless metasheets: Frequency-selective transmission and perfect absorption,” Phys. Rev. X 5, 031005 (2015).
[Crossref]

Senkevich, J. J.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shluger, A. L.

A. S. Foster, V. B. Sulimov, F. L. Gejo, A. L. Shluger, and R. M. Nieminen, “Structure and electrical levels of point defects in monoclinic zirconia,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 64, 2241081 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shvets, G.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Siozios, A.

G. Abadias, L. E. Koutsokeras, A. Siozios, and P. Patsalas, “Stress, phase stability and oxidation resistance of ternary Ti–Me–N (Me = Zr, Ta) hard coatings,” Thin Solid Films 538, 56–70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 71(3), 036617 (2005).
[Crossref]

Soljacic, M.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

Soukoulis, C. M.

C. M. Soukoulis and M. Wegener, “Past achievements and future challenges in the development of three-dimensional photonic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 523–530 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 71(3), 036617 (2005).
[Crossref]

Straboni, A.

S. Camelio, T. Girardeau, L. Pichon, A. Straboni, C. Fayoux, and P. Guérin, “Transformation of the semi-transparent into the metallic phase of zirconium nitride compounds by implantation at controlled temperature: the evolution of the optical properties,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 2(5), 442–448 (2000).
[Crossref]

Su, Z. M.

H. Q. Wu, R. L. Zhong, S. L. Sun, H. L. Xu, and Z. M. Su, “Alkali metals-substituted adamantanes lead to visible light absorption: Large first hyperpolarizability,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(13), 6952–6958 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sugavaneshwar, R. P.

S. Ishii, R. P. Sugavaneshwar, and T. Nagao, “Titanium nitride nanoparticles as plasmonic solar heat transducers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(4), 2343–2348 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sulimov, V. B.

A. S. Foster, V. B. Sulimov, F. L. Gejo, A. L. Shluger, and R. M. Nieminen, “Structure and electrical levels of point defects in monoclinic zirconia,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 64, 2241081 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sun, R.

J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sun, S. L.

H. Q. Wu, R. L. Zhong, S. L. Sun, H. L. Xu, and Z. M. Su, “Alkali metals-substituted adamantanes lead to visible light absorption: Large first hyperpolarizability,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(13), 6952–6958 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sundgren, J-E

J-E Sundgren and H. T. G. Hentzell, “A review of the present state of art in hard coatings grown from the vapor phase,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 4(5), 2259–2279 (1986).
[Crossref]

Sykora, M.

C. C. Chang, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, J. Nogan, T. S. Luk, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, M. Sykora, and H. T. Chen, “High-temperature refractory metasurfaces for solar thermophotovoltaic energy harvesting,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7665–7673 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 6–11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tan, Y.

L. Zhou, Y. Tan, J. Wang, W. Xu, Y. Yuan, W. Cai, S. Zhu, and J. Zhu, “3D self-assembly of aluminium nanoparticles for plasmon-enhanced solar desalination,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 393–398 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tang, C.

Z. Liu, H. Zhong, H. Zhang, Z. Huang, G. Liu, X. Liu, G. Fu, and C. Tang, “Silicon multi-resonant metasurface for full-spectrum perfect solar energy absorption,” Sol. Energy 199, 360–365 (2020).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

C. C. Chang, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, J. Nogan, T. S. Luk, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, M. Sykora, and H. T. Chen, “High-temperature refractory metasurfaces for solar thermophotovoltaic energy harvesting,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7665–7673 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 6–11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Teng, J.

H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tessier, G.

A. Lalisse, G. Tessier, J. Plain, and G. Baffou, “Plasmonic efficiencies of nanoparticles made of metal nitrides (TiN, ZrN) compared with gold,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38647 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tian, J.-G.

J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
[Crossref]

Tretyakov, S. A.

V. S. Asadchy, I. A. Faniayeu, Y. Ra’di, S. A. Khakhomov, I. V. Semchenko, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Broadband reflectionless metasheets: Frequency-selective transmission and perfect absorption,” Phys. Rev. X 5, 031005 (2015).
[Crossref]

Uno, M.

J. Adachi, K. Kurosaki, M. Uno, and S. Yamanaka, “A molecular dynamics study of zirconium nitride,” J. Alloys Compd. 396(1-2), 260–263 (2005).
[Crossref]

Vier, D. C.

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 71(3), 036617 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

R. Long, Z. Rao, K. Mao, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Q. Liu, C. Wang, Z.-Y. Li, X. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Efficient coupling of solar energy to catalytic hydrogenation by using well-designed palladium nanostructures,” Angew. Chemie 127(8), 2455–2460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, E. N.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

H. Ye, H. Wang, and Q. Cai, “Two-dimensional VO2 photonic crystal selective emitter,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 158, 119–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

L. Zhou, Y. Tan, J. Wang, W. Xu, Y. Yuan, W. Cai, S. Zhu, and J. Zhu, “3D self-assembly of aluminium nanoparticles for plasmon-enhanced solar desalination,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 393–398 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C. W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wanlass, M. W.

D. J. Friedman, J. F. Geisz, A. G. Norman, M. W. Wanlass, and S. R. Kurtz, “0.7-eV GaInAs junction for a GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs(1 eV)/GaInAs(0.7 eV) four-junction solar cell,” in 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference (2006), Vol. 1, pp. 598–602.

Watts, C. M.

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers (adv. mater. 23/2012),” Adv. Mater 24, OP181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wegener, M.

C. M. Soukoulis and M. Wegener, “Past achievements and future challenges in the development of three-dimensional photonic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 523–530 (2011).
[Crossref]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Weisse-Bernstein, N. R.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 6–11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wu, H. Q.

H. Q. Wu, R. L. Zhong, S. L. Sun, H. L. Xu, and Z. M. Su, “Alkali metals-substituted adamantanes lead to visible light absorption: Large first hyperpolarizability,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(13), 6952–6958 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

R. Long, Z. Rao, K. Mao, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Q. Liu, C. Wang, Z.-Y. Li, X. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Efficient coupling of solar energy to catalytic hydrogenation by using well-designed palladium nanostructures,” Angew. Chemie 127(8), 2455–2460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xie, J.

J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
[Crossref]

Xiong, Y.

R. Long, Z. Rao, K. Mao, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Q. Liu, C. Wang, Z.-Y. Li, X. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Efficient coupling of solar energy to catalytic hydrogenation by using well-designed palladium nanostructures,” Angew. Chemie 127(8), 2455–2460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, H. L.

H. Q. Wu, R. L. Zhong, S. L. Sun, H. L. Xu, and Z. M. Su, “Alkali metals-substituted adamantanes lead to visible light absorption: Large first hyperpolarizability,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(13), 6952–6958 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, W.

L. Zhou, Y. Tan, J. Wang, W. Xu, Y. Yuan, W. Cai, S. Zhu, and J. Zhu, “3D self-assembly of aluminium nanoparticles for plasmon-enhanced solar desalination,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 393–398 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yamanaka, S.

J. Adachi, K. Kurosaki, M. Uno, and S. Yamanaka, “A molecular dynamics study of zirconium nitride,” J. Alloys Compd. 396(1-2), 260–263 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yan, X.-Q.

J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

K. Hansen, A. Dutta, M. Cardona, and C. Yang, “Zirconium Nitride for Plasmonic Cloaking of Visible Nanowire Photodetectors,” Plasmonics 15(5), 1231–1241 (2020).
[Crossref]

Ye, H.

H. Ye, H. Wang, and Q. Cai, “Two-dimensional VO2 photonic crystal selective emitter,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 158, 119–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ye, W.

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C. W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yeng, Y. X.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yeo, S. P.

H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.

L. Zhou, Y. Tan, J. Wang, W. Xu, Y. Yuan, W. Cai, S. Zhu, and J. Zhu, “3D self-assembly of aluminium nanoparticles for plasmon-enhanced solar desalination,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 393–398 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zentgraf, T.

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C. W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zeuner, F.

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C. W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

R. Long, Z. Rao, K. Mao, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Q. Liu, C. Wang, Z.-Y. Li, X. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Efficient coupling of solar energy to catalytic hydrogenation by using well-designed palladium nanostructures,” Angew. Chemie 127(8), 2455–2460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, F. Zhang, and D. Lippens, “Mie resonance-based dielectric metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12(12), 60–69 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Z. Liu, H. Zhong, H. Zhang, Z. Huang, G. Liu, X. Liu, G. Fu, and C. Tang, “Silicon multi-resonant metasurface for full-spectrum perfect solar energy absorption,” Sol. Energy 199, 360–365 (2020).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C. W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Q.

Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, F. Zhang, and D. Lippens, “Mie resonance-based dielectric metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12(12), 60–69 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.

J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhong, H.

Z. Liu, H. Zhong, H. Zhang, Z. Huang, G. Liu, X. Liu, G. Fu, and C. Tang, “Silicon multi-resonant metasurface for full-spectrum perfect solar energy absorption,” Sol. Energy 199, 360–365 (2020).
[Crossref]

Zhong, R. L.

H. Q. Wu, R. L. Zhong, S. L. Sun, H. L. Xu, and Z. M. Su, “Alkali metals-substituted adamantanes lead to visible light absorption: Large first hyperpolarizability,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(13), 6952–6958 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, F. Zhang, and D. Lippens, “Mie resonance-based dielectric metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12(12), 60–69 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

L. Zhou, Y. Tan, J. Wang, W. Xu, Y. Yuan, W. Cai, S. Zhu, and J. Zhu, “3D self-assembly of aluminium nanoparticles for plasmon-enhanced solar desalination,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 393–398 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83, 1–12 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhu, A. Y.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J.

L. Zhou, Y. Tan, J. Wang, W. Xu, Y. Yuan, W. Cai, S. Zhu, and J. Zhu, “3D self-assembly of aluminium nanoparticles for plasmon-enhanced solar desalination,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 393–398 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, S.

L. Zhou, Y. Tan, J. Wang, W. Xu, Y. Yuan, W. Cai, S. Zhu, and J. Zhu, “3D self-assembly of aluminium nanoparticles for plasmon-enhanced solar desalination,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 393–398 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zollars, B.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zubair, M.

A. S. Rana, M. Zubair, A. Danner, and M. Q. Mehmood, “Revisiting tantalum based nanostructures for efficient harvesting of solar radiation in STPV systems,” Nano Energy 80, 105520 (2021).
[Crossref]

A. S. Rana, M. Zubair, M. S. Anwar, M. Saleem, and M. Q. Mehmood, “Engineering the absorption spectra of thin film multilayer absorbers for enhanced color purity in CMY color filters,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 268 (2020).
[Crossref]

2D Mater (1)

J. Xie, D. Zhang, X.-Q. Yan, M. Ren, X. Zhao, F. Liu, R. Sun, X. Li, Z. Li, S. Chen, Z.-B. Liu, and J.-G. Tian, “Optical properties of chemical vapor deposition-grown {PtSe} 2 characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” 2D Mater 6(3), 035011 (2019).
[Crossref]

Adv. Energy Mater. (1)

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater (1)

C. M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, “Metamaterial electromagnetic wave absorbers (adv. mater. 23/2012),” Adv. Mater 24, OP181 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

H. Liu, M. Q. Mehmood, K. Huang, L. Ke, H. Ye, P. Genevet, M. Zhang, A. Danner, S. P. Yeo, C. W. Qiu, and J. Teng, “Twisted focusing of optical vortices with broadband flat spiral zone plates,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(12), 1193–1198 (2014).
[Crossref]

Angew. Chemie (1)

R. Long, Z. Rao, K. Mao, Y. Li, C. Zhang, Q. Liu, C. Wang, Z.-Y. Li, X. Wu, and Y. Xiong, “Efficient coupling of solar energy to catalytic hydrogenation by using well-designed palladium nanostructures,” Angew. Chemie 127(8), 2455–2460 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. A. Briggs, G. V. Naik, T. A. Petach, B. K. Baum, D. Goldhaber-Gordon, and J. A. Dionne, “Fully CMOS-compatible titanium nitride nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(5), 051110 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. M. Matenoglou, L. E. Koutsokeras, and P. Patsalas, “Plasma energy and work function of conducting transition metal nitrides for electronic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 152108 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

J. Adachi, K. Kurosaki, M. Uno, and S. Yamanaka, “A molecular dynamics study of zirconium nitride,” J. Alloys Compd. 396(1-2), 260–263 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

S. Camelio, T. Girardeau, L. Pichon, A. Straboni, C. Fayoux, and P. Guérin, “Transformation of the semi-transparent into the metallic phase of zirconium nitride compounds by implantation at controlled temperature: the evolution of the optical properties,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 2(5), 442–448 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (2)

H. Q. Wu, R. L. Zhong, S. L. Sun, H. L. Xu, and Z. M. Su, “Alkali metals-substituted adamantanes lead to visible light absorption: Large first hyperpolarizability,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(13), 6952–6958 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Ishii, R. P. Sugavaneshwar, and T. Nagao, “Titanium nitride nanoparticles as plasmonic solar heat transducers,” J. Phys. Chem. C 120(4), 2343–2348 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (1)

H. Ye, H. Wang, and Q. Cai, “Two-dimensional VO2 photonic crystal selective emitter,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 158, 119–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A (1)

J-E Sundgren and H. T. G. Hentzell, “A review of the present state of art in hard coatings grown from the vapor phase,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 4(5), 2259–2279 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B Microelectron. Nanom. Struct. (1)

S. M. Aouadi, M. Debessai, and P. Filip, “Zirconium nitride/silver nanocomposite structures for biomedical applications,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B Microelectron. Nanom. Struct. 22(3), 1134 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mater. Today (1)

Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, F. Zhang, and D. Lippens, “Mie resonance-based dielectric metamaterials,” Mater. Today 12(12), 60–69 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nano Energy (1)

A. S. Rana, M. Zubair, A. Danner, and M. Q. Mehmood, “Revisiting tantalum based nanostructures for efficient harvesting of solar radiation in STPV systems,” Nano Energy 80, 105520 (2021).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. C. Chang, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, J. Nogan, T. S. Luk, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, M. Sykora, and H. T. Chen, “High-temperature refractory metasurfaces for solar thermophotovoltaic energy harvesting,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7665–7673 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C. W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7, 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

C. M. Soukoulis and M. Wegener, “Past achievements and future challenges in the development of three-dimensional photonic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 523–530 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Zhou, Y. Tan, J. Wang, W. Xu, Y. Yuan, W. Cai, S. Zhu, and J. Zhu, “3D self-assembly of aluminium nanoparticles for plasmon-enhanced solar desalination,” Nat. Photonics 10(6), 393–398 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, “Large-area wide-angle spectrally selective plasmonic absorber,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. (3)

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 83, 1–12 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 78(20), 205405 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. S. Foster, V. B. Sulimov, F. L. Gejo, A. L. Shluger, and R. M. Nieminen, “Structure and electrical levels of point defects in monoclinic zirconia,” Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 64, 2241081 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

D. R. Smith, D. C. Vier, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetic parameter retrieval from inhomogeneous metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 71(3), 036617 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. X (1)

V. S. Asadchy, I. A. Faniayeu, Y. Ra’di, S. A. Khakhomov, I. V. Semchenko, and S. A. Tretyakov, “Broadband reflectionless metasheets: Frequency-selective transmission and perfect absorption,” Phys. Rev. X 5, 031005 (2015).
[Crossref]

Plasmonics (1)

K. Hansen, A. Dutta, M. Cardona, and C. Yang, “Zirconium Nitride for Plasmonic Cloaking of Visible Nanowire Photodetectors,” Plasmonics 15(5), 1231–1241 (2020).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (3)

A. S. Rana, M. Q. Mehmood, H. Jeong, I. Kim, and J. Rho, “Tungsten-based Ultrathin Absorber for Visible Regime,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2–9 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Lalisse, G. Tessier, J. Plain, and G. Baffou, “Plasmonic efficiencies of nanoparticles made of metal nitrides (TiN, ZrN) compared with gold,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38647 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 6–11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sol. Energy (1)

Z. Liu, H. Zhong, H. Zhang, Z. Huang, G. Liu, X. Liu, G. Fu, and C. Tang, “Silicon multi-resonant metasurface for full-spectrum perfect solar energy absorption,” Sol. Energy 199, 360–365 (2020).
[Crossref]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (1)

Z. Liu, G. Liu, Z. Huang, X. Liu, and G. Fu, “Ultra-broadband perfect solar absorber by an ultra-thin refractory titanium nitride meta-surface,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 179, 346–352 (2018).
[Crossref]

Surf. Coatings Technol. (1)

D. Pilloud, A. S. Dehlinger, J. F. Pierson, A. Roman, and L. Pichon, “Reactively sputtered zirconium nitride coatings: structural, mechanical, optical and electrical characteristics,” Surf. Coatings Technol. 174-175, 338–344 (2003).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (2)

P. Patsalas, “Zirconium nitride: A viable candidate for photonics and plasmonics?” Thin Solid Films 688, 137438 (2019).
[Crossref]

G. Abadias, L. E. Koutsokeras, A. Siozios, and P. Patsalas, “Stress, phase stability and oxidation resistance of ternary Ti–Me–N (Me = Zr, Ta) hard coatings,” Thin Solid Films 538, 56–70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

D. J. Friedman, J. F. Geisz, A. G. Norman, M. W. Wanlass, and S. R. Kurtz, “0.7-eV GaInAs junction for a GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs(1 eV)/GaInAs(0.7 eV) four-junction solar cell,” in 2006 IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference (2006), Vol. 1, pp. 598–602.

Data availability

Data underlying the results presented in this paper may be obtained from authors upon request.

Cited By

Optica participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from Optica Publishing Group journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. ZrN metasurface solar absorber. (a) Unit cell schematic repeating in x and y directions forming a square array with period p. (b) simulated absorption, reflection and transmission for ZrN-metasurface absorber for broadband range. (c) surface current of metamaterial absorber at peak absorption wavelength. The current flows towards right on the ring surface and towards left at the ground surface.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Incident solar spectrum (AM 1.5) with spectral absorption of ideal absorber and simulated ZrN metasurface solar absorber. (b) absorption with and without coatings for HfO2, Si3N4, TiO2 and Cr2O3 layers of 15 nm.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Magnitude and (b) phase of simulated S-parameters; real and imaginary parts of retrieved (c) permittivity (ε); (d) permeability (μ); (e) refractive index (n) and (f) impedance (z) from CST-MWS
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Absorption as a function of angle of incidence (${\theta } = 0^\circ \;\textrm{ to }\;60^\circ $) and wavelength; inset validating the independence of absorption w.r.t. ${{\theta }_\textrm{i}}$ for TE. (b) absorption as a function of angle of incidence (${\theta } = 0^\circ \;\textrm{ to }\;60^\circ $) and wavelength; inset validating the independence of absorption w.r.t. ${{\theta }_\textrm{i}}$ for TM. (c) absorption as a function of polarization angles (${\varphi } = 0^\circ \;\textrm{ to }\;90^\circ $ from TE polarization (0°) to TM polarization (90°) and wavelength; inset validating the independence of absorption w.r.t. ${\varphi _i}$. Simulated absorption of RMA with different structural parameters (d) height of the ring (e) width of the ring (f) height of the spacer, (g) height of the ground plane, and (h) calculated absorption for decoupled absorber based on interference model in comparison with the simulated absorption for coupled metamaterial absorber. Inset: Multiple reflections and interference model of the metamaterial absorber
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a)-(c) Normalized electric field distribution profiles at λ = 400, 630 & 800 nm in x-z plane; (d)-(f) normalized magnetic field distribution profiles at λ = 400, 630 & 800 nm in x-z plane; (g)-(i) normalized power loss at λ = 400, 630 & 800 nm in x-z plane, respectively.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Emitter unit-cell with ground, spacer and ring for different Eg realizations. (b) variation of structural dimensions and obtained emittance in the range Eg = 0.5 eV to 3.0 eV. (c) angle-insensitivity of emitter design for S-polarization (d) angle-insensitivity of emitter design for P-polarization (e) retrieved impedance for emitter unit cell and (f) calculated emittance for decoupled structure based on interference model in comparison with the simulated emittance for coupled metamaterial absorber. Inset: multiple interference and interference model

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Design Parameters Variation for Realization of Different Bandgap Energies (eV)

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

z = ( 1 + S 11 ) 2 S 21 2 ( 1 S 11 ) 2 S 21 2 = 1 + R 1 R ( T 0 ) = 1 + ( 1 A ) 1 ( 1 A ) = 2 A A R = 1 A A z = 2 A ; A z + A = 2 ; A ( 1 + z ) = 2 ; A = 2 z + 1
A = 2 z + 1 = 2 R e ( z ) + i Im ( z ) + 1 = 2 ( R e ( z ) + 1 ) + i Im ( z ) ( R e ( z ) + 1 ) i Im ( z ) ( R e ( z ) + 1 ) i Im ( z ) 2 [ R e ( z ) + 1 ] [ R e ( z ) + 1 ] 2 + Im ( z ) 2 i 2 Im ( z ) [ R e ( z ) + 1 ] 2 + Im ( z ) 2
r ~ = r ~ a s t ~ a s t ~ s a e j 2 β ~ 1 + r ~ s a e j 2 β ~

Metrics