Abstract

We report the implementation of a self-referenced optical frequency comb generated by a passively mode-locked all polarization maintaining (PM) Yb fiber laser based on a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror (NALM). After spectral broadening the optical spectrum spans from 650 nm to 1400 nm, allowing for the generation of an optical octave and carrier envelope offset frequency (fceo) stabilization through a conventional f-2f interferometer. We demonstrate for the first time the stabilization of the fceo of such a PM Yb system with an in-loop fractional frequency stability scaled to an optical frequency of low 10−19 at 1 second averaging time, offering a great potential for applications in optical atomic clock metrology.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Corrections

Yihan Li, Naoya Kuse, Antoine Rolland, Yuriy Stepanenko, Czesław Radzewicz, and Martin E. Fermann, "Low noise, self-referenced all polarization maintaining Ytterbium fiber laser frequency comb: erratum," Opt. Express 28, 37600-37600 (2020)
http://proxy.osapublishing.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-28-25-37600

1.Introduction

The most stable (short-term and long-term) and accurate electromagnetic radiation to date occurs in the optical domain [1–3], making optical radiation a critical tool for the validation of fundamental physics concepts [4–8], the redefinition of the second [9, 10] and the implementation of an optical timescale [11]. An optical frequency comb is generally required to serve as a clockwork that transfers the stability and accuracy of an optical reference (mostly an optical clock system) to other wavelengths of interest. As a prerequisite, the residual stability of the frequency comb has to be at least one order of magnitude better than that of the optical reference to ensure transfer without degradation. Single-port Er fiber-based frequency comb configurations have been experimentally demonstrated to realize very low residual instability of low 10−18 at 1 second averaging time for optical clock comparison and stability transfer [12–14]. However, due to the limited spectral coverage of Er combs (usually ~1 – 2 µm), a frequency doubler has to be installed in experiments involving the visible, where most of the high-precision optical spectroscopy applications occur. This doubling stage can jeopardize the fidelity of the stability transfer and comparison and adds additional layers of complexity. A way to overcome this restriction is the use of an Yb fiber-based comb system.

An Yb fiber oscillator operates in the 1.0 – 1.1 μm spectral region. After spectral broadening, coverage of both the visible and infra-red regions can be obtained [15]. Consequently, both visible-visible and visible-infrared stability transfer and comparison are permitted with all-common optical paths. Optical frequency comb systems based on non-polarization maintaining Yb fiber laser oscillators have been experimentally demonstrated, with fractional instability below 10−17 at 1 second averaging time in-loop [16–20]. However, the intrinsic stability of these systems is compromised due to the polarization-sensitive nature of the laser oscillator. In contrast, all-polarization maintaining systems offer a much improved robustness as the laser oscillator is less vulnerable in the presence of environmental perturbations. An all-PM Yb fiber laser oscillator was reported recently in [21], based on a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror (NALM) [22], however without any comb stabilization.

In this paper, we present the realization of an optical frequency comb generated by an all-PM Yb fiber laser based on a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror. The laser oscillator has a mode-locked spectrum spanning ~1015 – 1070 nm with a relative intensity noise (RIN) of 0.18% integrated from 1 MHz to 1 Hz. After supercontinuum generation, an optical spectrum spanning from ~650 – 1400 nm is obtained. The detected carrier envelope offset frequency (fceo) has a signal to noise ratio (SNR) of 40 dB in a 100 kHz resolution with record ~7.5 kHz free-running linewidth. Stabilization of the fceo is demonstrated with a phase noise power spectral density of −90 dBc/Hz at 1 Hz Fourier frequency and a fractional frequency stability scaled to an optical frequency of 4×1019 at 1 second averaging time. These low noise-level results are a good indication that all-PM Yb fiber frequency combs have a great potential in applications for precision optical atomic clock metrology as well as for timing distribution with attosecond precision.

2. All-PM Yb NALM frequency comb

The complete optical portion of our all-PM Yb NALM frequency comb is depicted in Fig. 1. The design of the laser oscillator is essentially a derivative of our previously published Er system [23]. A phase bias module, consisting of a pair of polarizers, a pair of Faraday rotators and a quarter waveplate, is installed in the loop for the optimization of the mode-locking threshold and to ensure self-starting operation. A pair of gratings with 1000 lines per mm density and ~4.5 mm separation is introduced into the linear arm of the NALM for dispersion compensation [24]. The total loop fiber length is ~58 cm with ~28 cm high-doped PM Yb gain fiber, and that of the linear arm is ~20 cm. After a fiber coupler, 80% output of the laser oscillator is fed into the fiber amplifier while the remaining part serves as a monitor. The fiber amplifier consists of a pre-amplifier with ~48 cm Yb-doped gain fiber and a power-amplifier with ~2.6 meters of Yb double-cladding fiber. The total fiber length of the amplifier is ~4 meters. Subsequently, the amplified optical pulses enter a free-space compressor with a pair of gratings (1000 lines per mm) separated by ~8.5 mm. No effort was made for third order dispersion compensation in the oscillator and amplifier. The compressed ultra-short pulses are coupled into a ~21cm long photonic crystal fiber for super-continuum generation and f-2f generation.

 figure: Fig. 1

Fig. 1 Optical system schematic of the all-PM Yb NALM frequency comb. Inset: measured laser oscillator output spectrum in linear (blue) and log (green) scales. See text for details. WDM: wavelength division multiplexer; Pol.: polarizer; Osc.: oscillator; FR: Faraday rotator.

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When the laser oscillator is mode-locked the output power is measured to be 6.3 mW. The corresponding optical spectrum with ~55 nm 10-dB spectral width is plotted in the inset of Fig. 1 (linear scale in blue, log scale in green). The repetition rate is measured to be ~131 MHz. The power spectral density (PSD) of the laser oscillator relative intensity noise, measured by directly photodetecting the laser output, is plotted in Fig. 2. The relative intensity fluctuation, indicated by the square root of the integral of the PSD from 1 MHz to 1 Hz, is approximately 0.18%.

 figure: Fig. 2

Fig. 2 Oscillator relative intensity noise measurements. Blue: power spectral density. Green: integrated relative intensity fluctuation. Shot noise floor at ~-143 dBc/Hz.

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With ~200 mW pre-amplifier pump power and ~4 W power-amplifier pump power, the measured optical power at the input of the PCF (NKT NL-1050-zero-2) is ~1.85 W. The compressed pulse width, obtained by an autocorrelator, is approximately 80 fs, as shown in Fig. 3(a). Under a coupling efficiency of ~60%, an octave-spanning super-continuum spectrum is generated, as shown in Fig. 3(b). As illustrated by the dashed lines in Fig. 3(b), the optical spectrum covers all the relevant clock transition candidates for the redefinition of the second. The comparison of optical clocks or stability transfer of ultra-stable lasers across the visible and infra-red can be realized without the need of a doubling stage and hence be used in a full common optical path setting. A continuum covering the 1.55 μm spectral region can be expected by implementing additional third-order dispersion compensation or the implementation of optimized photonic crystal fiber [15].

 figure: Fig. 3

Fig. 3 (a) Autocorrelation trace of the amplified pulse after the compressor. (b) Measured spectrum of the octave-spanning super-continuum. Colored dash lines indicate approximate clock transitions of various optical atomic clocks.

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By using a standard f-2f interferometer [18], a free- running fceo with approximately 40 dB SNR in a 100 kHz bandwidth is obtained, as shown in Fig. 4(a). This SNR is sufficient for self-referenced phase locking. The free running fceo linewidth is measured by directly feeding the fceo signal to a digital phase analyzer referenced to an oven-controlled crystal oscillator (OCXO). The obtained power spectral density is plotted in Fig. 4(b). The linewidth is retrieved to be ~7.5 kHz at 1 rad2 of the integrated PSD [25]. This value is in fact lower than achieved with other non-PM Yb fiber combs (though no exact definition of free running fceo linewidth was provided in previous papers) [16–18]. Moreover, the narrow fceo linewidth indicates that the timing jitter of the present Yb laser can be below 100 as [26], which makes it very attractive for precision timing distribution [27].

 figure: Fig. 4

Fig. 4 Free running fceo measurements. (a): RF spectrum demonstrating ~40 dB SNR. RBW: resolution bandwidth. (b): power spectral density. Inset: integrated phase noise (IPN). The curve intersects 1 rad2 at ~7.5 kHz.

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3. Carrier envelop frequency fceo stabilization

For fceo stabilization, the output of the f-2f interferometer is sent through narrow bandpass optical filter onto a photodetector and an error signal is generated through RF signal processing (band pass filtering and amplification) and mixing with an RF reference at 60 MHz with a digital phase detector without pre-scaler. This error signal is fed to the oscillator through a low pass filter at 1.9 MHz and an analog PID controller with a servo bandwidth of 200 kHz. Tight phase-locking of the fceo to an RF reference is permitted by the ultra-low noise property of the laser oscillator. The electrical spectrum of the locked fceo is shown in Fig. 5(a), in which a servo bump at around 200 kHz is observed. The in-loop fceo frequency is divided by a factor of 6 for further analysis.

 figure: Fig. 5

Fig. 5 (a) Electrical spectrum of the stabilized carrier envelope offset frequency in a 3 kHz resolution bandwidth. (b) Blue: power spectral density of the residual phase noise error of the stabilized fceo; Green: integrated phase noise from 2 MHz to 1 Hz. (c) Fractional frequency stability of the residual phase noise error scaled to an optical frequency.

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For further characterization of the residual phase error for fceo stabilization, the power spectral density (PSD) of phase noise and fractional frequency stability in terms of Allan deviation are evaluated. The in-loop RF signal and the RF reference utilized to stabilize the fceo are compared to recover the phase error of the stabilization scheme. The measured PSD of the phase noise of the locked fceo is represented on Fig. 5(b) in blue. The noise level is at −90 dBc/Hz at 1 Hz with a servo bump at 200 kHz, with a white phase noise floor at −110 dBc/Hz. The integrated phase noise from 2 MHz to 1Hz is ~470 mrad, as shown in Fig. 5(b) in green. For applications such as in optical clock metrology, the fractional frequency stability is evaluated in terms of Allan deviation with a very low measurement bandwidth (here 0.5 Hz Nyquist equivalent bandwidth), as optical atomic clocks are limited by white frequency noise, not white phase noise. The residual instability of the phase error of the stabilization scheme exhibits an Allan deviation of 1.83 × 10−4, corresponding to a frequency resolution of approximately 200 µHz at 1 second averaging time. Scaled to an optical wavelength of 656 nm, the fractional frequency stability is at the level of 4 × 10−19 at 1 second averaging time, as plotted in Fig. 5(c). The phase error averages down to 2 × 10−20, limited by the spectral purity of the RF reference used to stabilize the fceo. Moreover, validation has been made to exclude any systematic frequency offset added by the stabilization setup at the level of 1 × 10−20.

In order to stabilize the second degree of freedom of the frequency comb (repetition rate) an actuator such as an electro-optic modulator or a piezoelectric transducer can be readily included in the laser cavity to control the optical path length. In this study, this stabilization is not performed due to the absence of a CW laser whose wavelength falls within the optical spectrum generated.

4. Conclusion

In conclusion, we have demonstrated a self-starting optical frequency comb based on an all polarization-maintaining passively mode-locked Yb-fiber laser oscillator utilizing a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror. The laser oscillator spans from ~1015 – 1070 nm at ~131 MHz repetition rate with a root-mean-square RIN of ~0.18% integrated from 1 MHz to 1 Hz. After super-continuum generation, an optical spectrum spanning from ~650 nm to 1400 nm is obtained. Such a spectral range is extremely interesting for the realization of a single-path optical frequency comb to bridge the ultra-high stability offered in the infra-red domain to ultra-high accuracy in the visible domain. The detection of the carrier envelope offset frequency fceo is realized with an f-2f interferometer. The free running fceo exhibits a signal-to-noise ratio of ~40 dB in a 100 kHz resolution bandwidth and a linewidth of ~7.5 kHz. Thanks to the low free-running noise of the laser oscillator, a servo-bandwidth of 200 kHz is sufficient for fceo stabilization. The residual phase noise power spectral density, measured in-loop, for fceo stabilization is −90 dBc/Hz at 1 Hz Fourier frequency with a servo bump at 200 kHz. The integrated phase noise is approximately 470 mrad from 2 MHz to 1 Hz. Experimental measurement of the phase stability reveals an achieved Allan deviation (0.5 Hz measurement bandwidth) at 4 × 10−19 level at 1 second averaging time. Further studies will be devoted to the integration of this optical frequency comb into a full common path metrological system aimed at the realization of optical clocks with 10−19 stability in 1 sec as well as exploiting the present system for applications in precision timing distribution.

References and links

1. N. Hinkley, J. A. Sherman, N. B. Phillips, M. Schioppo, N. D. Lemke, K. Beloy, M. Pizzocaro, C. W. Oates, and A. D. Ludlow, “An atomic clock with 10-18 instability,” Science 341(6151), 1215–1218 (2013). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

2. B. J. Bloom, T. L. Nicholson, J. R. Williams, S. L. Campbell, M. Bishof, X. Zhang, W. Zhang, S. L. Bromley, and J. Ye, “An optical lattice clock with accuracy and stability at the 10-18 level,” Nature 506(7486), 71–75 (2014). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

3. N. Nemitz, T. Ohkubo, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, M. Das, N. Ohmae, and H. Katori, “Frequency ratio of Yb and Sr clocks with 5× 10− 17 uncertainty at 150 seconds averaging time,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 258–261 (2016). [CrossRef]  

4. S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

5. R. M. Godun, P. B. Nisbet-Jones, J. M. Jones, S. A. King, L. A. Johnson, H. S. Margolis, K. Szymaniec, S. N. Lea, K. Bongs, and P. Gill, “Frequency Ratio of Two Optical Clock Transitions in Yb+ 171 and Constraints on the Time Variation of Fundamental Constants,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210801 (2014). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

6. N. Huntemann, B. Lipphardt, C. Tamm, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, and E. Peik, “Improved limit on a temporal variation of mp/me from comparisons of Yb+ and Cs atomic clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210802 (2014). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

7. T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016). [CrossRef]  

8. P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

9. F. Riehle, “Towards a redefinition of the second based on optical atomic clocks,” C. R. Phys. 16(5), 506–515 (2015). [CrossRef]  

10. P. Gill, “Is the time right for a redefinition of the second by optical atomic clocks?” in J. Phys. Conf. Ser.(IOP Publishing, 2016), p. 012053.

11. C. Grebing, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, B. Lipphardt, F. Riehle, U. Sterr, and C. Lisdat, “Realization of a timescale with an accurate optical lattice clock,” Optica 3(6), 563–569 (2016). [CrossRef]  

12. D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10-18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014). [CrossRef]  

13. H. Leopardi, J. Davila-Rodriguez, F. Quinlan, J. Olson, S. Diddams, and T. Fortier, “Single-branch Er: fiber frequency comb for optical synthesis at the 10−18 level,” https://arXiv:1611.02259 (2016).

14. N. Ohmae, N. Kuse, M. E. Fermann, and H. Katori, “All-polarization-maintaining, single-port Er: fiber comb for high-stability comparison of optical lattice clocks,” Apex 10(6), 062503 (2017). [CrossRef]  

15. A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011). [CrossRef]  

16. T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008). [CrossRef]  

17. L. Nugent-Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, and S. A. Diddams, “Impact of dispersion on amplitude and frequency noise in a Yb-fiber laser comb,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1578–1580 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

18. C. Benko, A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. S. Eikema, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Full phase stabilization of a Yb:fiber femtosecond frequency comb via high-bandwidth transducers,” Opt. Lett. 37(12), 2196–2198 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

19. G. Wang, F. Meng, C. Li, T. Jiang, A. Wang, Z. Fang, and Z. Zhang, “500 MHz spaced Yb:fiber laser frequency comb without amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 39(9), 2534–2536 (2014). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

20. L. Pang, H. Han, Z. Zhao, W. Liu, and Z. Wei, “Ultra-stability Yb-doped fiber optical frequency comb with 2 × 10-18/s stability in-loop,” Opt. Express 24(25), 28993–29000 (2016). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

21. Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–7 (2017).

22. M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. Hofer, and H. Hochreiter, “Nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 15(13), 752–754 (1990). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

23. N. Kuse, J. Jiang, C.-C. Lee, T. R. Schibli, and M. E. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24(3), 3095–3102 (2016). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

24. M. E. Fermann, M. Hofer, F. Haberl, A. J. Schmidt, and L. Turi, “Additive-pulse-compression mode locking of a neodymium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 16(4), 244–246 (1991). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

25. D. Matei, T. Legero, S. Häfner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. Robinson, J. Ye, and F. Riehle, “1.5 μm lasers with sub 10 mHz linewidth,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1702.04669 (2017).

26. H. Kim, P. Qin, Y. Song, H. Yang, J. Shin, C. Kim, K. Jung, C. Wang, and J. Kim, “Sub-20-attosecond timing jitter mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 260–267 (2014). [CrossRef]  

27. J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008). [CrossRef]  

References

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  1. N. Hinkley, J. A. Sherman, N. B. Phillips, M. Schioppo, N. D. Lemke, K. Beloy, M. Pizzocaro, C. W. Oates, and A. D. Ludlow, “An atomic clock with 10-18 instability,” Science 341(6151), 1215–1218 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. B. J. Bloom, T. L. Nicholson, J. R. Williams, S. L. Campbell, M. Bishof, X. Zhang, W. Zhang, S. L. Bromley, and J. Ye, “An optical lattice clock with accuracy and stability at the 10-18 level,” Nature 506(7486), 71–75 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. N. Nemitz, T. Ohkubo, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, M. Das, N. Ohmae, and H. Katori, “Frequency ratio of Yb and Sr clocks with 5× 10− 17 uncertainty at 150 seconds averaging time,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 258–261 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. R. M. Godun, P. B. Nisbet-Jones, J. M. Jones, S. A. King, L. A. Johnson, H. S. Margolis, K. Szymaniec, S. N. Lea, K. Bongs, and P. Gill, “Frequency Ratio of Two Optical Clock Transitions in Yb+ 171 and Constraints on the Time Variation of Fundamental Constants,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210801 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. N. Huntemann, B. Lipphardt, C. Tamm, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, and E. Peik, “Improved limit on a temporal variation of mp/me from comparisons of Yb+ and Cs atomic clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210802 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  8. P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. F. Riehle, “Towards a redefinition of the second based on optical atomic clocks,” C. R. Phys. 16(5), 506–515 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  10. P. Gill, “Is the time right for a redefinition of the second by optical atomic clocks?” in J. Phys. Conf. Ser.(IOP Publishing, 2016), p. 012053.
  11. C. Grebing, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, B. Lipphardt, F. Riehle, U. Sterr, and C. Lisdat, “Realization of a timescale with an accurate optical lattice clock,” Optica 3(6), 563–569 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  12. D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10-18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Leopardi, J. Davila-Rodriguez, F. Quinlan, J. Olson, S. Diddams, and T. Fortier, “Single-branch Er: fiber frequency comb for optical synthesis at the 10−18 level,” https://arXiv:1611.02259 (2016).
  14. N. Ohmae, N. Kuse, M. E. Fermann, and H. Katori, “All-polarization-maintaining, single-port Er: fiber comb for high-stability comparison of optical lattice clocks,” Apex 10(6), 062503 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  16. T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  17. L. Nugent-Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, and S. A. Diddams, “Impact of dispersion on amplitude and frequency noise in a Yb-fiber laser comb,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1578–1580 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. C. Benko, A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. S. Eikema, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Full phase stabilization of a Yb:fiber femtosecond frequency comb via high-bandwidth transducers,” Opt. Lett. 37(12), 2196–2198 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. G. Wang, F. Meng, C. Li, T. Jiang, A. Wang, Z. Fang, and Z. Zhang, “500 MHz spaced Yb:fiber laser frequency comb without amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 39(9), 2534–2536 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. L. Pang, H. Han, Z. Zhao, W. Liu, and Z. Wei, “Ultra-stability Yb-doped fiber optical frequency comb with 2 × 10-18/s stability in-loop,” Opt. Express 24(25), 28993–29000 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–7 (2017).
  22. M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. Hofer, and H. Hochreiter, “Nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 15(13), 752–754 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. N. Kuse, J. Jiang, C.-C. Lee, T. R. Schibli, and M. E. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24(3), 3095–3102 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. M. E. Fermann, M. Hofer, F. Haberl, A. J. Schmidt, and L. Turi, “Additive-pulse-compression mode locking of a neodymium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 16(4), 244–246 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. D. Matei, T. Legero, S. Häfner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. Robinson, J. Ye, and F. Riehle, “1.5 μm lasers with sub 10 mHz linewidth,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1702.04669 (2017).
  26. H. Kim, P. Qin, Y. Song, H. Yang, J. Shin, C. Kim, K. Jung, C. Wang, and J. Kim, “Sub-20-attosecond timing jitter mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 260–267 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  27. J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
    [Crossref]

2017 (3)

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ohmae, N. Kuse, M. E. Fermann, and H. Katori, “All-polarization-maintaining, single-port Er: fiber comb for high-stability comparison of optical lattice clocks,” Apex 10(6), 062503 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–7 (2017).

2016 (5)

N. Kuse, J. Jiang, C.-C. Lee, T. R. Schibli, and M. E. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24(3), 3095–3102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Pang, H. Han, Z. Zhao, W. Liu, and Z. Wei, “Ultra-stability Yb-doped fiber optical frequency comb with 2 × 10-18/s stability in-loop,” Opt. Express 24(25), 28993–29000 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Grebing, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, B. Lipphardt, F. Riehle, U. Sterr, and C. Lisdat, “Realization of a timescale with an accurate optical lattice clock,” Optica 3(6), 563–569 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Nemitz, T. Ohkubo, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, M. Das, N. Ohmae, and H. Katori, “Frequency ratio of Yb and Sr clocks with 5× 10− 17 uncertainty at 150 seconds averaging time,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 258–261 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

F. Riehle, “Towards a redefinition of the second based on optical atomic clocks,” C. R. Phys. 16(5), 506–515 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

R. M. Godun, P. B. Nisbet-Jones, J. M. Jones, S. A. King, L. A. Johnson, H. S. Margolis, K. Szymaniec, S. N. Lea, K. Bongs, and P. Gill, “Frequency Ratio of Two Optical Clock Transitions in Yb+ 171 and Constraints on the Time Variation of Fundamental Constants,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210801 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Huntemann, B. Lipphardt, C. Tamm, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, and E. Peik, “Improved limit on a temporal variation of mp/me from comparisons of Yb+ and Cs atomic clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. J. Bloom, T. L. Nicholson, J. R. Williams, S. L. Campbell, M. Bishof, X. Zhang, W. Zhang, S. L. Bromley, and J. Ye, “An optical lattice clock with accuracy and stability at the 10-18 level,” Nature 506(7486), 71–75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Wang, F. Meng, C. Li, T. Jiang, A. Wang, Z. Fang, and Z. Zhang, “500 MHz spaced Yb:fiber laser frequency comb without amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 39(9), 2534–2536 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10-18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Kim, P. Qin, Y. Song, H. Yang, J. Shin, C. Kim, K. Jung, C. Wang, and J. Kim, “Sub-20-attosecond timing jitter mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 260–267 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

N. Hinkley, J. A. Sherman, N. B. Phillips, M. Schioppo, N. D. Lemke, K. Beloy, M. Pizzocaro, C. W. Oates, and A. D. Ludlow, “An atomic clock with 10-18 instability,” Science 341(6151), 1215–1218 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

L. Nugent-Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, and S. A. Diddams, “Impact of dispersion on amplitude and frequency noise in a Yb-fiber laser comb,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1578–1580 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

Akatsuka, T.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Al-Masoudi, A.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Grebing, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, B. Lipphardt, F. Riehle, U. Sterr, and C. Lisdat, “Realization of a timescale with an accurate optical lattice clock,” Optica 3(6), 563–569 (2016).
[Crossref]

Amy-Klein, A.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Argence, B.

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10-18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

Baillard, X.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baynes, F. N.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beloy, K.

N. Hinkley, J. A. Sherman, N. B. Phillips, M. Schioppo, N. D. Lemke, K. Beloy, M. Pizzocaro, C. W. Oates, and A. D. Ludlow, “An atomic clock with 10-18 instability,” Science 341(6151), 1215–1218 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benko, C.

C. Benko, A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. S. Eikema, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Full phase stabilization of a Yb:fiber femtosecond frequency comb via high-bandwidth transducers,” Opt. Lett. 37(12), 2196–2198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bilicki, S.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bishof, M.

B. J. Bloom, T. L. Nicholson, J. R. Williams, S. L. Campbell, M. Bishof, X. Zhang, W. Zhang, S. L. Bromley, and J. Ye, “An optical lattice clock with accuracy and stability at the 10-18 level,” Nature 506(7486), 71–75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blatt, S.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bloom, B. J.

B. J. Bloom, T. L. Nicholson, J. R. Williams, S. L. Campbell, M. Bishof, X. Zhang, W. Zhang, S. L. Bromley, and J. Ye, “An optical lattice clock with accuracy and stability at the 10-18 level,” Nature 506(7486), 71–75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bongs, K.

R. M. Godun, P. B. Nisbet-Jones, J. M. Jones, S. A. King, L. A. Johnson, H. S. Margolis, K. Szymaniec, S. N. Lea, K. Bongs, and P. Gill, “Frequency Ratio of Two Optical Clock Transitions in Yb+ 171 and Constraints on the Time Variation of Fundamental Constants,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210801 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bookjans, E.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bowden, W.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boyd, M. M.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bromley, S. L.

B. J. Bloom, T. L. Nicholson, J. R. Williams, S. L. Campbell, M. Bishof, X. Zhang, W. Zhang, S. L. Bromley, and J. Ye, “An optical lattice clock with accuracy and stability at the 10-18 level,” Nature 506(7486), 71–75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brusch, A.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Campbell, G. K.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Campbell, S. L.

B. J. Bloom, T. L. Nicholson, J. R. Williams, S. L. Campbell, M. Bishof, X. Zhang, W. Zhang, S. L. Bromley, and J. Ye, “An optical lattice clock with accuracy and stability at the 10-18 level,” Nature 506(7486), 71–75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cossel, K. C.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cox, J. A.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Das, M.

N. Nemitz, T. Ohkubo, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, M. Das, N. Ohmae, and H. Katori, “Frequency ratio of Yb and Sr clocks with 5× 10− 17 uncertainty at 150 seconds averaging time,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 258–261 (2016).
[Crossref]

Delva, P.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

Dong, L.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dörscher, S.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Grebing, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, B. Lipphardt, F. Riehle, U. Sterr, and C. Lisdat, “Realization of a timescale with an accurate optical lattice clock,” Optica 3(6), 563–569 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dudley, J. M.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011).
[Crossref]

Eikema, K. S.

Fang, Z.

Fermann, M.

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

Flambaum, V. V.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fouché, M.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gerginov, V.

C. Grebing, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, B. Lipphardt, F. Riehle, U. Sterr, and C. Lisdat, “Realization of a timescale with an accurate optical lattice clock,” Optica 3(6), 563–569 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Huntemann, B. Lipphardt, C. Tamm, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, and E. Peik, “Improved limit on a temporal variation of mp/me from comparisons of Yb+ and Cs atomic clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gill, P.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. M. Godun, P. B. Nisbet-Jones, J. M. Jones, S. A. King, L. A. Johnson, H. S. Margolis, K. Szymaniec, S. N. Lea, K. Bongs, and P. Gill, “Frequency Ratio of Two Optical Clock Transitions in Yb+ 171 and Constraints on the Time Variation of Fundamental Constants,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210801 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Godun, R. M.

R. M. Godun, P. B. Nisbet-Jones, J. M. Jones, S. A. King, L. A. Johnson, H. S. Margolis, K. Szymaniec, S. N. Lea, K. Bongs, and P. Gill, “Frequency Ratio of Two Optical Clock Transitions in Yb+ 171 and Constraints on the Time Variation of Fundamental Constants,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210801 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grebing, C.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Grebing, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, B. Lipphardt, F. Riehle, U. Sterr, and C. Lisdat, “Realization of a timescale with an accurate optical lattice clock,” Optica 3(6), 563–569 (2016).
[Crossref]

Grosche, G.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guerlin, C.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, Z.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–7 (2017).

Haberl, F.

Häfner, S.

Han, H.

Hao, Q.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–7 (2017).

Hartl, I.

C. Benko, A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. S. Eikema, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Full phase stabilization of a Yb:fiber femtosecond frequency comb via high-bandwidth transducers,” Opt. Lett. 37(12), 2196–2198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hill, I. R.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hinkley, N.

N. Hinkley, J. A. Sherman, N. B. Phillips, M. Schioppo, N. D. Lemke, K. Beloy, M. Pizzocaro, C. W. Oates, and A. D. Ludlow, “An atomic clock with 10-18 instability,” Science 341(6151), 1215–1218 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hobson, R.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hochreiter, H.

Hofer, M.

Hong, F. L.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, H.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–7 (2017).

Huntemann, N.

N. Huntemann, B. Lipphardt, C. Tamm, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, and E. Peik, “Improved limit on a temporal variation of mp/me from comparisons of Yb+ and Cs atomic clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, J.

Jiang, T.

Johnson, L. A.

R. M. Godun, P. B. Nisbet-Jones, J. M. Jones, S. A. King, L. A. Johnson, H. S. Margolis, K. Szymaniec, S. N. Lea, K. Bongs, and P. Gill, “Frequency Ratio of Two Optical Clock Transitions in Yb+ 171 and Constraints on the Time Variation of Fundamental Constants,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210801 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, T. A.

Jones, J. M.

R. M. Godun, P. B. Nisbet-Jones, J. M. Jones, S. A. King, L. A. Johnson, H. S. Margolis, K. Szymaniec, S. N. Lea, K. Bongs, and P. Gill, “Frequency Ratio of Two Optical Clock Transitions in Yb+ 171 and Constraints on the Time Variation of Fundamental Constants,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210801 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jung, K.

H. Kim, P. Qin, Y. Song, H. Yang, J. Shin, C. Kim, K. Jung, C. Wang, and J. Kim, “Sub-20-attosecond timing jitter mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 260–267 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

Katori, H.

N. Ohmae, N. Kuse, M. E. Fermann, and H. Katori, “All-polarization-maintaining, single-port Er: fiber comb for high-stability comparison of optical lattice clocks,” Apex 10(6), 062503 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Nemitz, T. Ohkubo, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, M. Das, N. Ohmae, and H. Katori, “Frequency ratio of Yb and Sr clocks with 5× 10− 17 uncertainty at 150 seconds averaging time,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 258–261 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, C.

H. Kim, P. Qin, Y. Song, H. Yang, J. Shin, C. Kim, K. Jung, C. Wang, and J. Kim, “Sub-20-attosecond timing jitter mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 260–267 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

H. Kim, P. Qin, Y. Song, H. Yang, J. Shin, C. Kim, K. Jung, C. Wang, and J. Kim, “Sub-20-attosecond timing jitter mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 260–267 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

H. Kim, P. Qin, Y. Song, H. Yang, J. Shin, C. Kim, K. Jung, C. Wang, and J. Kim, “Sub-20-attosecond timing jitter mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 260–267 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

King, S. A.

R. M. Godun, P. B. Nisbet-Jones, J. M. Jones, S. A. King, L. A. Johnson, H. S. Margolis, K. Szymaniec, S. N. Lea, K. Bongs, and P. Gill, “Frequency Ratio of Two Optical Clock Transitions in Yb+ 171 and Constraints on the Time Variation of Fundamental Constants,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210801 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, Y.

Kronjäger, J.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuhl, A.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuroishi, Y.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kuse, N.

N. Ohmae, N. Kuse, M. E. Fermann, and H. Katori, “All-polarization-maintaining, single-port Er: fiber comb for high-stability comparison of optical lattice clocks,” Apex 10(6), 062503 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Kuse, J. Jiang, C.-C. Lee, T. R. Schibli, and M. E. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24(3), 3095–3102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Le Coq, Y.

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10-18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

Le Poncin-Lafitte, C.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Le Targat, R.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10-18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lea, S. N.

R. M. Godun, P. B. Nisbet-Jones, J. M. Jones, S. A. King, L. A. Johnson, H. S. Margolis, K. Szymaniec, S. N. Lea, K. Bongs, and P. Gill, “Frequency Ratio of Two Optical Clock Transitions in Yb+ 171 and Constraints on the Time Variation of Fundamental Constants,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210801 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.-C.

Lee, W. K.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lemke, N. D.

N. Hinkley, J. A. Sherman, N. B. Phillips, M. Schioppo, N. D. Lemke, K. Beloy, M. Pizzocaro, C. W. Oates, and A. D. Ludlow, “An atomic clock with 10-18 instability,” Science 341(6151), 1215–1218 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lemonde, P.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C.

Lipphardt, B.

C. Grebing, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, B. Lipphardt, F. Riehle, U. Sterr, and C. Lisdat, “Realization of a timescale with an accurate optical lattice clock,” Optica 3(6), 563–569 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Huntemann, B. Lipphardt, C. Tamm, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, and E. Peik, “Improved limit on a temporal variation of mp/me from comparisons of Yb+ and Cs atomic clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lisdat, C.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Grebing, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, B. Lipphardt, F. Riehle, U. Sterr, and C. Lisdat, “Realization of a timescale with an accurate optical lattice clock,” Optica 3(6), 563–569 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, T.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–7 (2017).

Liu, W.

Lodewyck, J.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lopez, O.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ludlow, A. D.

N. Hinkley, J. A. Sherman, N. B. Phillips, M. Schioppo, N. D. Lemke, K. Beloy, M. Pizzocaro, C. W. Oates, and A. D. Ludlow, “An atomic clock with 10-18 instability,” Science 341(6151), 1215–1218 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marcinkevicius, A.

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

Margolis, H. S.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. M. Godun, P. B. Nisbet-Jones, J. M. Jones, S. A. King, L. A. Johnson, H. S. Margolis, K. Szymaniec, S. N. Lea, K. Bongs, and P. Gill, “Frequency Ratio of Two Optical Clock Transitions in Yb+ 171 and Constraints on the Time Variation of Fundamental Constants,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210801 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marra, G.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, M.

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

Martin, M. J.

C. Benko, A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. S. Eikema, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Full phase stabilization of a Yb:fiber femtosecond frequency comb via high-bandwidth transducers,” Opt. Lett. 37(12), 2196–2198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011).
[Crossref]

McKay, H.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011).
[Crossref]

Meng, F.

Meynadier, F.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miyahara, B.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Munekane, H.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nemitz, N.

N. Nemitz, T. Ohkubo, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, M. Das, N. Ohmae, and H. Katori, “Frequency ratio of Yb and Sr clocks with 5× 10− 17 uncertainty at 150 seconds averaging time,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 258–261 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nicholson, T. L.

B. J. Bloom, T. L. Nicholson, J. R. Williams, S. L. Campbell, M. Bishof, X. Zhang, W. Zhang, S. L. Bromley, and J. Ye, “An optical lattice clock with accuracy and stability at the 10-18 level,” Nature 506(7486), 71–75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nicolodi, D.

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10-18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nisbet-Jones, P. B.

R. M. Godun, P. B. Nisbet-Jones, J. M. Jones, S. A. King, L. A. Johnson, H. S. Margolis, K. Szymaniec, S. N. Lea, K. Bongs, and P. Gill, “Frequency Ratio of Two Optical Clock Transitions in Yb+ 171 and Constraints on the Time Variation of Fundamental Constants,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210801 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nugent-Glandorf, L.

Oates, C. W.

N. Hinkley, J. A. Sherman, N. B. Phillips, M. Schioppo, N. D. Lemke, K. Beloy, M. Pizzocaro, C. W. Oates, and A. D. Ludlow, “An atomic clock with 10-18 instability,” Science 341(6151), 1215–1218 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ohkubo, T.

N. Nemitz, T. Ohkubo, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, M. Das, N. Ohmae, and H. Katori, “Frequency ratio of Yb and Sr clocks with 5× 10− 17 uncertainty at 150 seconds averaging time,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 258–261 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ohmae, N.

N. Ohmae, N. Kuse, M. E. Fermann, and H. Katori, “All-polarization-maintaining, single-port Er: fiber comb for high-stability comparison of optical lattice clocks,” Apex 10(6), 062503 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Nemitz, T. Ohkubo, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, M. Das, N. Ohmae, and H. Katori, “Frequency ratio of Yb and Sr clocks with 5× 10− 17 uncertainty at 150 seconds averaging time,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 258–261 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pang, L.

Peik, E.

N. Huntemann, B. Lipphardt, C. Tamm, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, and E. Peik, “Improved limit on a temporal variation of mp/me from comparisons of Yb+ and Cs atomic clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phillips, N. B.

N. Hinkley, J. A. Sherman, N. B. Phillips, M. Schioppo, N. D. Lemke, K. Beloy, M. Pizzocaro, C. W. Oates, and A. D. Ludlow, “An atomic clock with 10-18 instability,” Science 341(6151), 1215–1218 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pizzocaro, M.

N. Hinkley, J. A. Sherman, N. B. Phillips, M. Schioppo, N. D. Lemke, K. Beloy, M. Pizzocaro, C. W. Oates, and A. D. Ludlow, “An atomic clock with 10-18 instability,” Science 341(6151), 1215–1218 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pottie, P.-E.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qin, P.

H. Kim, P. Qin, Y. Song, H. Yang, J. Shin, C. Kim, K. Jung, C. Wang, and J. Kim, “Sub-20-attosecond timing jitter mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 260–267 (2014).
[Crossref]

Quintin, N.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raupach, S.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Riehle, F.

Rolland, A.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruehl, A.

C. Benko, A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. S. Eikema, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Full phase stabilization of a Yb:fiber femtosecond frequency comb via high-bandwidth transducers,” Opt. Lett. 37(12), 2196–2198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011).
[Crossref]

Santarelli, G.

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10-18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schibli, T.

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schibli, T. R.

Schioppo, M.

N. Hinkley, J. A. Sherman, N. B. Phillips, M. Schioppo, N. D. Lemke, K. Beloy, M. Pizzocaro, C. W. Oates, and A. D. Ludlow, “An atomic clock with 10-18 instability,” Science 341(6151), 1215–1218 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, A. J.

Sherman, J. A.

N. Hinkley, J. A. Sherman, N. B. Phillips, M. Schioppo, N. D. Lemke, K. Beloy, M. Pizzocaro, C. W. Oates, and A. D. Ludlow, “An atomic clock with 10-18 instability,” Science 341(6151), 1215–1218 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shin, J.

H. Kim, P. Qin, Y. Song, H. Yang, J. Shin, C. Kim, K. Jung, C. Wang, and J. Kim, “Sub-20-attosecond timing jitter mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 260–267 (2014).
[Crossref]

Song, Y.

H. Kim, P. Qin, Y. Song, H. Yang, J. Shin, C. Kim, K. Jung, C. Wang, and J. Kim, “Sub-20-attosecond timing jitter mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 260–267 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sterr, U.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Grebing, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, B. Lipphardt, F. Riehle, U. Sterr, and C. Lisdat, “Realization of a timescale with an accurate optical lattice clock,” Optica 3(6), 563–569 (2016).
[Crossref]

Szymaniec, K.

R. M. Godun, P. B. Nisbet-Jones, J. M. Jones, S. A. King, L. A. Johnson, H. S. Margolis, K. Szymaniec, S. N. Lea, K. Bongs, and P. Gill, “Frequency Ratio of Two Optical Clock Transitions in Yb+ 171 and Constraints on the Time Variation of Fundamental Constants,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210801 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takamoto, M.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Nemitz, T. Ohkubo, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, M. Das, N. Ohmae, and H. Katori, “Frequency ratio of Yb and Sr clocks with 5× 10− 17 uncertainty at 150 seconds averaging time,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 258–261 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takano, T.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tamm, C.

N. Huntemann, B. Lipphardt, C. Tamm, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, and E. Peik, “Improved limit on a temporal variation of mp/me from comparisons of Yb+ and Cs atomic clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thomas, B.

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011).
[Crossref]

Thomsen, J. W.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turi, L.

Ushijima, I.

N. Nemitz, T. Ohkubo, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, M. Das, N. Ohmae, and H. Katori, “Frequency ratio of Yb and Sr clocks with 5× 10− 17 uncertainty at 150 seconds averaging time,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 258–261 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Vallet, G.

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, A.

Wang, C.

H. Kim, P. Qin, Y. Song, H. Yang, J. Shin, C. Kim, K. Jung, C. Wang, and J. Kim, “Sub-20-attosecond timing jitter mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 260–267 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

Wei, Z.

Weyers, S.

C. Grebing, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, S. Häfner, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, B. Lipphardt, F. Riehle, U. Sterr, and C. Lisdat, “Realization of a timescale with an accurate optical lattice clock,” Optica 3(6), 563–569 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Huntemann, B. Lipphardt, C. Tamm, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, and E. Peik, “Improved limit on a temporal variation of mp/me from comparisons of Yb+ and Cs atomic clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Williams, J. R.

B. J. Bloom, T. L. Nicholson, J. R. Williams, S. L. Campbell, M. Bishof, X. Zhang, W. Zhang, S. L. Bromley, and J. Ye, “An optical lattice clock with accuracy and stability at the 10-18 level,” Nature 506(7486), 71–75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, A.

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

H. Kim, P. Qin, Y. Song, H. Yang, J. Shin, C. Kim, K. Jung, C. Wang, and J. Kim, “Sub-20-attosecond timing jitter mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 260–267 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, S.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–7 (2017).

Ye, J.

B. J. Bloom, T. L. Nicholson, J. R. Williams, S. L. Campbell, M. Bishof, X. Zhang, W. Zhang, S. L. Bromley, and J. Ye, “An optical lattice clock with accuracy and stability at the 10-18 level,” Nature 506(7486), 71–75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Benko, A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. S. Eikema, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Full phase stabilization of a Yb:fiber femtosecond frequency comb via high-bandwidth transducers,” Opt. Lett. 37(12), 2196–2198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yost, D.

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zelevinsky, T.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, H.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–7 (2017).

Zhang, W.

B. J. Bloom, T. L. Nicholson, J. R. Williams, S. L. Campbell, M. Bishof, X. Zhang, W. Zhang, S. L. Bromley, and J. Ye, “An optical lattice clock with accuracy and stability at the 10-18 level,” Nature 506(7486), 71–75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10-18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

B. J. Bloom, T. L. Nicholson, J. R. Williams, S. L. Campbell, M. Bishof, X. Zhang, W. Zhang, S. L. Bromley, and J. Ye, “An optical lattice clock with accuracy and stability at the 10-18 level,” Nature 506(7486), 71–75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, Z.

Apex (1)

N. Ohmae, N. Kuse, M. E. Fermann, and H. Katori, “All-polarization-maintaining, single-port Er: fiber comb for high-stability comparison of optical lattice clocks,” Apex 10(6), 062503 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. R. Phys. (1)

F. Riehle, “Towards a redefinition of the second based on optical atomic clocks,” C. R. Phys. 16(5), 506–515 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Kim, P. Qin, Y. Song, H. Yang, J. Shin, C. Kim, K. Jung, C. Wang, and J. Kim, “Sub-20-attosecond timing jitter mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 260–267 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, S. Yang, T. Liu, H. Hu, and H. Zeng, “Octave-Spanning Supercontinuum Generation From an NALM Mode-Locked Yb-Fiber Laser System,” IEEE Photonics J. 9, 1–7 (2017).

Nat. Photonics (5)

J. Kim, J. A. Cox, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Drift-free femtosecond timing synchronization of remote optical and microwave sources,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 733–736 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Nicolodi, B. Argence, W. Zhang, R. Le Targat, G. Santarelli, and Y. Le Coq, “Spectral purity transfer between optical wavelengths at the 10-18 level,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 219–223 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. Yost, M. Martin, A. Marcinkevičius, M. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10 W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 355–359 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Nemitz, T. Ohkubo, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, M. Das, N. Ohmae, and H. Katori, “Frequency ratio of Yb and Sr clocks with 5× 10− 17 uncertainty at 150 seconds averaging time,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 258–261 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Takano, M. Takamoto, I. Ushijima, N. Ohmae, T. Akatsuka, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Kuroishi, H. Munekane, B. Miyahara, and H. Katori, “Geopotential measurements with synchronously linked optical lattice clocks,” Nat. Photonics 10(10), 662–666 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

B. J. Bloom, T. L. Nicholson, J. R. Williams, S. L. Campbell, M. Bishof, X. Zhang, W. Zhang, S. L. Bromley, and J. Ye, “An optical lattice clock with accuracy and stability at the 10-18 level,” Nature 506(7486), 71–75 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Ruehl, M. J. Martin, K. C. Cossel, L. Chen, H. McKay, B. Thomas, C. Benko, L. Dong, J. M. Dudley, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Ultrabroadband coherent supercontinuum frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A 84(1), 011806 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

P. Delva, J. Lodewyck, S. Bilicki, E. Bookjans, G. Vallet, R. Le Targat, P.-E. Pottie, C. Guerlin, F. Meynadier, C. Le Poncin-Lafitte, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, W. K. Lee, N. Quintin, C. Lisdat, A. Al-Masoudi, S. Dörscher, C. Grebing, G. Grosche, A. Kuhl, S. Raupach, U. Sterr, I. R. Hill, R. Hobson, W. Bowden, J. Kronjäger, G. Marra, A. Rolland, F. N. Baynes, H. S. Margolis, and P. Gill, “Test of special relativity using a fiber network of optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118(22), 221102 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using Sr 87 optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. M. Godun, P. B. Nisbet-Jones, J. M. Jones, S. A. King, L. A. Johnson, H. S. Margolis, K. Szymaniec, S. N. Lea, K. Bongs, and P. Gill, “Frequency Ratio of Two Optical Clock Transitions in Yb+ 171 and Constraints on the Time Variation of Fundamental Constants,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210801 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Huntemann, B. Lipphardt, C. Tamm, V. Gerginov, S. Weyers, and E. Peik, “Improved limit on a temporal variation of mp/me from comparisons of Yb+ and Cs atomic clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(21), 210802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

N. Hinkley, J. A. Sherman, N. B. Phillips, M. Schioppo, N. D. Lemke, K. Beloy, M. Pizzocaro, C. W. Oates, and A. D. Ludlow, “An atomic clock with 10-18 instability,” Science 341(6151), 1215–1218 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

H. Leopardi, J. Davila-Rodriguez, F. Quinlan, J. Olson, S. Diddams, and T. Fortier, “Single-branch Er: fiber frequency comb for optical synthesis at the 10−18 level,” https://arXiv:1611.02259 (2016).

P. Gill, “Is the time right for a redefinition of the second by optical atomic clocks?” in J. Phys. Conf. Ser.(IOP Publishing, 2016), p. 012053.

D. Matei, T. Legero, S. Häfner, C. Grebing, R. Weyrich, W. Zhang, L. Sonderhouse, J. Robinson, J. Ye, and F. Riehle, “1.5 μm lasers with sub 10 mHz linewidth,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1702.04669 (2017).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Optical system schematic of the all-PM Yb NALM frequency comb. Inset: measured laser oscillator output spectrum in linear (blue) and log (green) scales. See text for details. WDM: wavelength division multiplexer; Pol.: polarizer; Osc.: oscillator; FR: Faraday rotator.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Oscillator relative intensity noise measurements. Blue: power spectral density. Green: integrated relative intensity fluctuation. Shot noise floor at ~-143 dBc/Hz.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Autocorrelation trace of the amplified pulse after the compressor. (b) Measured spectrum of the octave-spanning super-continuum. Colored dash lines indicate approximate clock transitions of various optical atomic clocks.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Free running fceo measurements. (a): RF spectrum demonstrating ~40 dB SNR. RBW: resolution bandwidth. (b): power spectral density. Inset: integrated phase noise (IPN). The curve intersects 1 rad2 at ~7.5 kHz.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Electrical spectrum of the stabilized carrier envelope offset frequency in a 3 kHz resolution bandwidth. (b) Blue: power spectral density of the residual phase noise error of the stabilized fceo; Green: integrated phase noise from 2 MHz to 1 Hz. (c) Fractional frequency stability of the residual phase noise error scaled to an optical frequency.

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