Abstract

A watt-level output passively mode-locked Tm:LuAG bulk laser with an InGaAs semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) is demonstrated for the first time. A maximum average output power of 1.21 W at 2022.9 nm has been achieved with a pulse duration of 38 ps and a repetition rate of 129.2 MHz. The results indicate the potential of Tm:LuAG crystals as candidate for realizing high power ultrafast lasers at 2 μm.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction

Ultrafast all-solid-state lasers operating in 2 micrometer spectral regions have well-known wide applications in the fields of industry, defense, medical treatment, and scientific research [14]. Mode-locking Tm3+ doped bulk lasers provide ideal approaches to achieve such kind of lasers, especially with the aids of passive mode-locking method based on saturable absorption, which has gained its popularity in generating ultrafast 2 μm lasers due to the advantages of simplicity, compactness, reliability and the ability to generate ultrashort pulses [5]. However, most of the reported mode-locked Tm-doped bulk lasers working either in picosecond or femtosecond regime were limited to less than 1 W of average output, although a mode-locked Tm:YAP laser with PPLN nonlinear mirror yielded a maximum average output power of 1.67 W [6]. The damage threshold of saturable absorbers is considered as one of the power limiting factors. To date, various saturable absorbers have been successfully utilized in realizing passively mode-locked Tm-doped bulk lasers, such as semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) [1, 711], single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) [12, 13] and graphene [1416]. Since the SWCNT and graphene could be easily damaged under high pump level [13, 14], the obtained 2 μm mode-locking laser powers by using SWCNT saturable absorbers ranged from 35 mW [12] to 240 mW [13], while the achieved output powers from graphene based mode-locked 2 μm lasers were mainly constrained around 100 mW [1416]. SESAMs are usually employed for realizing high power ultrafast laser system in the near-infrared spectral region due to the considerable damage threshold. For the commercial SESAMs for 2 μm lasers (Batop GmbH, Germany), the damage threshold reaches about 4 mJ/cm2, which enables SESAMs to be utilized in high power ultrafast lasers. Very recently, an output power as high as 830 mW has been successfully generated from a mode-locked Tm:CYA laser based on a commercial SESAM [17], verifying the possibility of SESAM for realizing watt-level output mode-locked Tm-doped lasers.

On the other hand, the high quantum defect in Tm-doped lasers would aggravate the thermal load inside the laser crystal and further limit the power scaling of Tm-doped bulk lasers [18]. So the Tm-doped bulk crystals with large thermal conductivity could alleviate the thermal loading in order to achieve high power mode-locked laser output. The garnet crystal YAG has been proven to be excellent laser host for Tm ions due to its stable structure, remarkable thermal conductivity, and optical properties [19, 20]. Generally, for Tm-doped crystals, a high doping concentration is required to ensure an efficient cross-relaxation process between the adjacent Tm ions, which could greatly improve the lasing efficiency. However, due to the notable mass difference between Tm and Y ions, the thermal conductivity of Tm:YAG crystal exhibits a significant degradation under a high Tm doping level [21]. Such phenomenon can be greatly alleviated in a Tm:LuAG crystal since the masses of the Tm and Lu ions differ by only 3%, which results in homogenous thermal properties [12, 21]. For example, the thermal conductivity of 4% Tm:LuAG is about the same as 4% Tm:YAG even though the pure LuAG has a thermal conductivity only 60% that of YAG [22]. In addition, LuAG is harder than YAG, which is believed to have a higher damage threshold [23]. Up to now, a maximum average output power of 4.91 W has been achieved from a continuous wave (CW) Tm:LuAG laser [24]. Very recently, we have also realized a CW Tm:LuAG laser with a comparable maximum average output power of 4.42 W, and a slope efficiency as high as 49.5% was obtained [25]. Moreover, wavelength tunable and Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers have been realized with Watts-level output power [26, 27]. The above results also show that Tm:LuAG lasers emit long wavelengths within the spectral range ~2018-2029 nm where the atmospheric transmission window is located [25]. Therefore, stable mode-locking is expected to be easily obtained from a Tm:LuAG laser at room temperature due to the weak water vapor absorption, which makes Tm:LuAG crystal very attractive for realizing high power mode-locked lasers at 2 μm. However, to the best of our knowledge, no mode-locked Tm:LuAG laser has been reported.

Here, for the first time, we demonstrate a watt-level output passively continuous wave mode-locked (CWML) Tm:LuAG laser by using an InGaAs SESAM. A maximum average CWML output power of 1.21 W with a pulse duration of 38 ps and a repetition rate of 129.2 MHz was obtained at the wavelength of 2022.9 nm. The results strengthen that Tm:LuAG crystals are a promising gain medium suitable for realizing high power ultrafast lasers at 2 μm.

2. Experimental setup

The experimental configuration of the passively CWML Tm:LuAG laser is shown in Fig. 1. A fiber-coupled laser diode with a maximum output power of 30 W was used as the pump source. Its emission wavelength was 789 nm at 15 °C. The pump light was focused into a 4 × 4 × 8 mm3, 6 at. % doped Tm:LuAG laser crystal through a 1:1 imaging module, which delivered a pump spot radii of 50 μm. The laser crystal was wrapped in indium foil and mounted in a copper block cooled to 13 °C with water. In order to suppress the etalon effect and improve the stability of the mode-locking operation, the laser crystal was tilted with a small incidence angle with respect to the cavity axis. The X-type laser cavity was constructed by five mirrors with a total physical length of 116 cm. M1, M2, and M3 were concave mirrors (R = −75 mm for M1 and M2, R = −50 mm for M3) with high reflectivity (HR) coated (reflectivity> 99.9%) from 1820 to 2100 nm and antireflection (AR) coated from 750 to 850 nm (reflectivity < 2%). The output couplers (OCs) employed in the experiment were flat mirrors with different transmissions of 2%, 3% and 5% at the spectral region from 1820 to 2150 nm. According to the ABCD matrix theory, the beam waist radii inside the Tm:LuAG crystal were calculated to be 50 × 52 μm in sagittal and tangential planes, respectively, which matched well with the pump light spot. An InGaAs SESAM with the following parameters provided by the commercial source (Batop GmbH, Germany): a non-saturable loss of 0.68%, a saturation fluence of 70 μJ/cm2, a modulation depth of 1.2% and a relaxation time of 1 ps was used for starting and stabilizing the mode-locking laser. The cavity beam waist on the SESAM can be varied over a wide range (~50-90 μm in radii) by adjusting the distance between SESAM and mirror M3.

 

Fig. 1 Experimental setup of the passive CWML Tm:LuAG laser

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3. Experimental results and discussions

At first, the continuous-wave (CW) operation of Tm:LuAG laser was achieved by replacing the SESAM with a plane mirror with HR coated (reflectivity> 99.9%) from 1820 to 2100 nm. A laser power meter (MAX 500AD, Coherent, USA) was employed for the power measurement. The Tm:LuAG crystal absorbed about 85% of the incident pump power under no lasing condition. The CW lasing properties were investigated by using OCs with three different transmissions. Among these cases, a maximum average output power of 3 W was obtained by using OC of T = 5%, corresponding to a slope efficiency of 31.5% [see in Fig. 2(a)]. The maximum average output powers of 2.45 W and 2.7 W were also achieved by using OC of T = 2% and T = 3%, respectively, corresponding to slope efficiencies of 24.5% and 28.2%. In each case, the emission wavelength was always located at 2022 nm at low pump levels but shifted to 2023 nm when the pump power was increased.

 

Fig. 2 The power performance of the (a) CW and (b) CWML Tm:LuAG laser

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In order to achieve mode-locking, an OC of T = 2% was employed since it could give a low intracavity loss and thus lower the mode-locking laser threshold. We also tried other OCs with transmission larger than 2%, but due to the larger intracavity loss, only metastable Q-switched mode-locking (QML) was observed. With the SESAM employed in the resonator cavity and aligning the mirrors and positions of SESAM carefully, the laser began to oscillate when the incident pump power reached 0.59 W, which was a little higher than that of 0.39 W in CW regime due to the insertion loss of the SESAM. As the incident pump power increased to 6.92 W, the laser operation switched from metastable QML regime to stable CWML regime, and the corresponding output power was 0.88 W. The CWML could be sustained for long time while the incident pump power did not exceed 10.6 W. A maximum CWML average output power of 1.21 W was achieved at the maximum incident pump power of 10.6 W, corresponding to a slope efficiency of 13.9%. The available power scale was benefited from the thermally induced increase of beam radii on the SESAM from ~90 μm to ~120 μm with the pump power increased from lasing threshold to the maximum power of 10.6 W correspondingly. Under the maximum output power, the M2 factor of the mode-locked laser beam was measured to be 1.15 in tangential plane and 1.11 in sagittal plane, respectively, by using a 10.0/90.0 knife-edge method, indicating a nearly diffraction limited output beam. With the pump power further increased, the CWML operation became unstable since the strong thermal load inside the laser crystal introduced by the high intensity power pumping.

The CWML operation was self-starting and was maintained stable over hours without external disturbance. Besides, in the case of external interruption, it could be restarted easily without realigning the laser cavity. To evaluate the stability of the mode-locked operation, a fast InGaAs photo-detector (EOT, ET-5000, USA) was used for detecting the signal and a spectrum analyzer with a bandwidth of 4 GHz and a resolution bandwidth (RBW) of 100 Hz (N9913A, Agilent Inc.) was employed for measuring the radio frequency (RF) spectrum. Figure 3 shows the first beat note of the RF spectrum of the stable continuous wave mode-locking with a repetition rate of 129.2 MHz under an incident pump power of 10.6 W. As shown in Fig. 3, the clean peak at the repetition rate of 129.2 MHz without side peaks, which exactly agrees with the roundtrip time of the cavity, reveals stable continuous wave mode-locked operation of the laser as well as the absence of the Q-switching instabilities. Besides, the high signal-to-noise ratio up to 60 dB indicates a pure mode locking with very few continuous wave components. Moreover, the RF spectrum in a wide span of 1.4 GHz as shown in the inset of the Fig. 3 indicates single pulse operation of the CWML Tm:LuAG laser. However, an obvious decrease of harmonic intensity around 500 MHz was already observed, which was attributed to two aspects. One is possibly from the input power induced saturation effect in the photodetector, which would cause the bandwidth reduction of the photodetector. The other one may come from the loss of the employed RG-58 type coaxial cable for connecting the photodetector and RF analyzer, because the larger loss for higher frequencies in such type cables would reduce the bandwidth considerably.

 

Fig. 3 RF spectrum of CWML Tm:LuAG laser.

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The autocorrelation trace and spectrum of the mode-locked pulses are shown in Fig. 4. The pulse duration was measured by a commercial autocorrelator (APE GmbH, Pulse Check 150). By assuming a sech2 shaped pulse, the mode-locking pulse duration of 38 ps was achieved, corresponding to an intensity FWHM of 59 ps. Limited to the time window of the employed autocorrelator which could give a maximum pulse duration of 35 ps, the full autocorrelation trace could not be recorded. Obviously, the pulse duration obtained here was larger than those of other mode-locked solid-state 2 μm lasers with comparable watt-level output power, such as 4.7 ps from the 1.67 W output PPLN nonlinear mirror mode-locked Tm:YAP laser with pulses [6] and 1.89 ps from the 0.71 W output SESAM mode-locked Tm:YAP laser [28]. However, the slope efficiency of 13.9% achieved here was superior to that of 8.2% as shown in Ref [6], and also comparable with that of 14.6% obtained in Ref [28], where the output power of 0.71 W was much lower than that in this work.

 

Fig. 4 Autocorrelation trace of the mode-locked Tm:LuAG laser. Inset: the corresponding spectrum centered at 2022.9 nm.

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The output laser spectrum was also recorded with an optical spectrum analyzer (APE GmbH, APE WaveScan) with a resolution of 0.4 nm. The emission wavelength of the mode-locking laser was located at 2022.9 nm with a spectral FWHM of 0.42 nm, as shown inset of Fig. 4. Due to the low resolution of the employed spectrometers, we omit to give a time bandwidth product here. Considering the spectrum FWHM of 0.42 nm, the minimum pulse duration even with proper dispersion compensation would be more than 10 ps by assuming a sech2 pulse shape. However, according to our previous results with the same SESAM [7], the relatively long pulses could be hardly shortened by intracavity dispersion compensation, limited by the narrow gain spectrum [29].

4. Conclusion

In conclusion, a passively CWML Tm:LuAG bulk laser with watt-level output power was presented for the first time. Stable passive mode-locking operation with a maximum average output power of 1.21 W was achieved, and 38 ps pulses with high signal-to-noise ratio up to 60 dB were generated. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest average output power ever achieved from SESAM mode-locked Tm doped bulk lasers. The results verify the potential of Tm:LuAG crystals for realizing high power ultrafast rod and thin disk lasers at 2 μm.

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61475088, 61475177), and the Open Foundation of State Key laboratory of Crystal Material of Shandong University (KF1403).

Reference and links

1. A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

2. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008). [CrossRef]  

3. T. M. Taczak and D. K. Killinger, “Development of a tunable, narrow-linewidth, CW 2.066-um Ho:YLF laser for remote sensing of atmospheric CO(2) and H(2)O,” Appl. Opt. 37(36), 8460–8476 (1998). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

4. P. Budni, L. Pomeranz, M. Lemons, C. Miller, J. Mosto, and E. Chicklis, “Efficient mid-infrared laser using 1.9 μm pumped Ho:YAG and ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(5), 723–728 (2000). [CrossRef]  

5. K. Yang, H. Bromberger, H. Ruf, H. Schäfer, J. Neuhaus, T. Dekorsy, C. V. Grimm, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, “Passively mode-locked Tm,Ho:YAG laser at 2 µm based on saturable absorption of intersubband transitions in quantum wells,” Opt. Express 18(7), 6537–6544 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

6. H. Cheng, X. D. Jiang, X. P. Hu, M. L. Zhong, X. J. Lv, and S. N. Zhu, “Diode-pumped 1988-nm Tm:YAP laser mode-locked by intracavity second-harmonic generation in periodically poled LiNbO₃,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 2187–2190 (2014). [PubMed]  

7. K. J. Yang, H. Bromberger, D. Heinecke, C. Kölbl, H. Schäfer, T. Dekorsy, S. Z. Zhao, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, and G. J. Zhao, “Efficient continuous wave and passively mode-locked Tm-doped crystalline silicate laser,” Opt. Express 20(17), 18630–18635 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

8. A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 µW,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

9. A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010). [PubMed]  

10. F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, G. Jose, S. Calvez, A. Jha, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Femtosecond mode-locked Tm3+ and Tm3+-Ho3+ doped 2 μm glass lasers,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22090–22098 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

11. A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Dawson, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond pulse operation of a Tm,Ho-codoped crystalline laser near 2 µm,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 172–174 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

12. A. Schmidt, P. Koopmann, G. Huber, P. Fuhrberg, S. Y. Choi, D. I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “175 fs Tm:Lu2O3 laser at 2.07 µm mode-locked using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5313–5318 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

13. W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 microm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

14. G. Xie, J. Ma, P. Lv, W. Gao, P. Yuan, L. Qian, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and D. Tang, “Graphene saturable absorber for Q-switching and mode locking at 2 μm wavelength [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 2(6), 878–883 (2012).

15. J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond laser at 2 μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 2085–2087 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

16. J. Ma, G. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Tm: YAG ceramic laser based on graphene,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1100806 (2015).

17. L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronous operation of a mode-locked 2-μm Tm:CaYAlO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(3), 356–358 (2015). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

18. W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser with wavelength tuning from 1860 to 2090 nm,” Opt. Lett. 27(22), 1989–1991 (2002). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

19. J. D. Kmetec, T. S. Kubo, T. J. Kane, and C. J. Grund, “Laser performance of diode-pumped thulium-doped Y3Al5O12, (Y, Lu)3Al5O12, and Lu3Al5O12 crystals,” Opt. Lett. 19(3), 186–188 (1994). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

20. R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, “Efficient, broadly tunable, laser-pumped Tm:YAG and Tm:YSGG CW lasers,” Opt. Lett. 15(9), 486–488 (1990). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

21. P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Efficient diode-pumped laser operation of Tm:Lu2O3 around 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 36(6), 948–950 (2011). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

22. FLIR Inc, “Laser Materials Lu3Al5O12”, http://www.scientificmaterials.com/products/luag_Lu3Al5O12_lutetium_aluminum.php.

23. K. Beil, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, F. Tellkamp, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:LuAG for kW thin disk lasers,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20712–20722 (2010). [PubMed]  

24. C. Wu, Y. Ju, Y. Li, Z. Wang, and Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Tm:LuAG laser at room temperature,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 415–416 (2008). [CrossRef]  

25. T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015). [CrossRef]  

26. Y. Li, Y. Wang, B. Yao, and Y. Ju, “Widely Tunable Tm:YAG, Tm:YAP, Tm:LuAG, Tm:GdVO4, Tm,Ho:GdVO4 and Tm, Ho:YLF Lasers,” CLEO, CTuAA7 (2008).

27. F. Chen, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, B. Q. Yao, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Tm:LuAG ring laser operation at room temperature,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 371–374 (2012). [CrossRef]  

28. J. Hou, B. Zhang, X. Su, R. Zhao, Z. Wang, F. Lou, and J. He, “High efficient mode-locked Tm:YAP laser emitting at 1938 nm by SESAM,” Opt. Commun. 347, 88–91 (2015). [CrossRef]  

29. K. J. Yang, D. C. Heinecke, C. Kölbl, T. Dekorsy, S. Z. Zhao, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, and G. J. Zhao, “Mode-locked Tm,Ho:YAP laser around 2.1 μm,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1574–1580 (2013). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

References

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  1. A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  3. T. M. Taczak and D. K. Killinger, “Development of a tunable, narrow-linewidth, CW 2.066-um Ho:YLF laser for remote sensing of atmospheric CO(2) and H(2)O,” Appl. Opt. 37(36), 8460–8476 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. P. Budni, L. Pomeranz, M. Lemons, C. Miller, J. Mosto, and E. Chicklis, “Efficient mid-infrared laser using 1.9 μm pumped Ho:YAG and ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(5), 723–728 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  5. K. Yang, H. Bromberger, H. Ruf, H. Schäfer, J. Neuhaus, T. Dekorsy, C. V. Grimm, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, “Passively mode-locked Tm,Ho:YAG laser at 2 µm based on saturable absorption of intersubband transitions in quantum wells,” Opt. Express 18(7), 6537–6544 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. H. Cheng, X. D. Jiang, X. P. Hu, M. L. Zhong, X. J. Lv, and S. N. Zhu, “Diode-pumped 1988-nm Tm:YAP laser mode-locked by intracavity second-harmonic generation in periodically poled LiNbO₃,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 2187–2190 (2014).
    [PubMed]
  7. K. J. Yang, H. Bromberger, D. Heinecke, C. Kölbl, H. Schäfer, T. Dekorsy, S. Z. Zhao, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, and G. J. Zhao, “Efficient continuous wave and passively mode-locked Tm-doped crystalline silicate laser,” Opt. Express 20(17), 18630–18635 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 µW,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
    [PubMed]
  10. F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, G. Jose, S. Calvez, A. Jha, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Femtosecond mode-locked Tm3+ and Tm3+-Ho3+ doped 2 μm glass lasers,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22090–22098 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Dawson, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond pulse operation of a Tm,Ho-codoped crystalline laser near 2 µm,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 172–174 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. A. Schmidt, P. Koopmann, G. Huber, P. Fuhrberg, S. Y. Choi, D. I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “175 fs Tm:Lu2O3 laser at 2.07 µm mode-locked using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5313–5318 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 microm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. G. Xie, J. Ma, P. Lv, W. Gao, P. Yuan, L. Qian, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and D. Tang, “Graphene saturable absorber for Q-switching and mode locking at 2 μm wavelength [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 2(6), 878–883 (2012).
  15. J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond laser at 2 μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 2085–2087 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. J. Ma, G. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Tm: YAG ceramic laser based on graphene,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1100806 (2015).
  17. L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronous operation of a mode-locked 2-μm Tm:CaYAlO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(3), 356–358 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser with wavelength tuning from 1860 to 2090 nm,” Opt. Lett. 27(22), 1989–1991 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. J. D. Kmetec, T. S. Kubo, T. J. Kane, and C. J. Grund, “Laser performance of diode-pumped thulium-doped Y3Al5O12, (Y, Lu)3Al5O12, and Lu3Al5O12 crystals,” Opt. Lett. 19(3), 186–188 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, “Efficient, broadly tunable, laser-pumped Tm:YAG and Tm:YSGG CW lasers,” Opt. Lett. 15(9), 486–488 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Efficient diode-pumped laser operation of Tm:Lu2O3 around 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 36(6), 948–950 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. FLIR Inc, “Laser Materials Lu3Al5O12”, http://www.scientificmaterials.com/products/luag_Lu3Al5O12_lutetium_aluminum.php .
  23. K. Beil, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, F. Tellkamp, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:LuAG for kW thin disk lasers,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20712–20722 (2010).
    [PubMed]
  24. C. Wu, Y. Ju, Y. Li, Z. Wang, and Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Tm:LuAG laser at room temperature,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 415–416 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  25. T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  26. Y. Li, Y. Wang, B. Yao, and Y. Ju, “Widely Tunable Tm:YAG, Tm:YAP, Tm:LuAG, Tm:GdVO4, Tm,Ho:GdVO4 and Tm, Ho:YLF Lasers,” CLEO, CTuAA7 (2008).
  27. F. Chen, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, B. Q. Yao, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Tm:LuAG ring laser operation at room temperature,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 371–374 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  28. J. Hou, B. Zhang, X. Su, R. Zhao, Z. Wang, F. Lou, and J. He, “High efficient mode-locked Tm:YAP laser emitting at 1938 nm by SESAM,” Opt. Commun. 347, 88–91 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  29. K. J. Yang, D. C. Heinecke, C. Kölbl, T. Dekorsy, S. Z. Zhao, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, and G. J. Zhao, “Mode-locked Tm,Ho:YAP laser around 2.1 μm,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1574–1580 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (4)

J. Ma, G. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Tm: YAG ceramic laser based on graphene,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1100806 (2015).

L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronous operation of a mode-locked 2-μm Tm:CaYAlO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(3), 356–358 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Hou, B. Zhang, X. Su, R. Zhao, Z. Wang, F. Lou, and J. He, “High efficient mode-locked Tm:YAP laser emitting at 1938 nm by SESAM,” Opt. Commun. 347, 88–91 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2012 (5)

2011 (2)

2010 (5)

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Wu, Y. Ju, Y. Li, Z. Wang, and Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Tm:LuAG laser at room temperature,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 415–416 (2008).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

1994 (1)

1990 (1)

Aguiló, M.

Barnes, N. P.

Beil, K.

Biermann, K.

Bromberger, H.

Brown, C. T.

Brown, C. T. A.

Budni, P.

Calvez, S.

Carvajal, J. J.

Cascales, C.

Chen, F.

F. Chen, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, B. Q. Yao, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Tm:LuAG ring laser operation at room temperature,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 371–374 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H.

Chicklis, E.

Cho, W. B.

Choi, S. Y.

Clarkson, W. A.

Dawson, M. D.

Dekorsy, T.

Díaz, F.

Esterowitz, L.

Feng, T.

T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fredrich-Thornton, S. T.

Fuhrberg, P.

Fusari, F.

Gao, W.

Gao, W. L.

Gattass, R.

R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

Griebner, U.

Grimm, C. V.

Grund, C. J.

Gupta, J. A.

Han, X.

Hanna, D. C.

He, J.

J. Hou, B. Zhang, X. Su, R. Zhao, Z. Wang, F. Lou, and J. He, “High efficient mode-locked Tm:YAP laser emitting at 1938 nm by SESAM,” Opt. Commun. 347, 88–91 (2015).
[Crossref]

Heinecke, D.

Heinecke, D. C.

Helm, M.

Hou, J.

J. Hou, B. Zhang, X. Su, R. Zhao, Z. Wang, F. Lou, and J. He, “High efficient mode-locked Tm:YAP laser emitting at 1938 nm by SESAM,” Opt. Commun. 347, 88–91 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hu, X. P.

Huber, G.

Jha, A.

Jiang, X. D.

Jose, G.

Ju, Y.

Ju, Y. L.

F. Chen, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, B. Q. Yao, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Tm:LuAG ring laser operation at room temperature,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 371–374 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kane, T. J.

Killinger, D. K.

Kisel, V. E.

Kmetec, J. D.

Kölbl, C.

Kong, L. C.

Koopmann, P.

Kränkel, C.

Kubo, T. S.

Kuleshov, N. V.

Künzel, H.

Kurilchik, S. V.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Lamrini, S.

Lee, S.

Lemons, M.

Li, T.

T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Lou, F.

J. Hou, B. Zhang, X. Su, R. Zhao, Z. Wang, F. Lou, and J. He, “High efficient mode-locked Tm:YAP laser emitting at 1938 nm by SESAM,” Opt. Commun. 347, 88–91 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lv, P.

Lv, X. J.

Ma, J.

Mateos, X.

Mazur, E.

R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

Miller, C.

Mosto, J.

Neuhaus, J.

Nilsson, J.

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Petrov, V.

Pomeranz, L.

Pujol, M. C.

Qian, L.

Qian, L. J.

Qiao, W.

T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qin, Z. P.

Rotermund, F.

Ruf, H.

Schäfer, H.

Schmidt, A.

Scholle, K.

Serrano, M. D.

Sibbett, W.

Steinmeyer, G.

Stoneman, R. C.

Su, L.

T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

Su, X.

J. Hou, B. Zhang, X. Su, R. Zhao, Z. Wang, F. Lou, and J. He, “High efficient mode-locked Tm:YAP laser emitting at 1938 nm by SESAM,” Opt. Commun. 347, 88–91 (2015).
[Crossref]

Taczak, T. M.

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

Tellkamp, F.

Turner, P. W.

Wang, J.

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, Q.

T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Wu, Y. Ju, Y. Li, Z. Wang, and Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Tm:LuAG laser at room temperature,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 415–416 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. Z.

F. Chen, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, B. Q. Yao, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Tm:LuAG ring laser operation at room temperature,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 371–374 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

J. Hou, B. Zhang, X. Su, R. Zhao, Z. Wang, F. Lou, and J. He, “High efficient mode-locked Tm:YAP laser emitting at 1938 nm by SESAM,” Opt. Commun. 347, 88–91 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Wu, Y. Ju, Y. Li, Z. Wang, and Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Tm:LuAG laser at room temperature,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 415–416 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

Wu, C. T.

F. Chen, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, B. Q. Yao, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Tm:LuAG ring laser operation at room temperature,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 371–374 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xie, G.

J. Ma, G. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Tm: YAG ceramic laser based on graphene,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1100806 (2015).

G. Xie, J. Ma, P. Lv, W. Gao, P. Yuan, L. Qian, H. Yu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and D. Tang, “Graphene saturable absorber for Q-switching and mode locking at 2 μm wavelength [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 2(6), 878–883 (2012).

Xie, G. Q.

Xu, J.

Xu, X.

T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, X. D.

Yang, K.

T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Yang, H. Bromberger, H. Ruf, H. Schäfer, J. Neuhaus, T. Dekorsy, C. V. Grimm, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, “Passively mode-locked Tm,Ho:YAG laser at 2 µm based on saturable absorption of intersubband transitions in quantum wells,” Opt. Express 18(7), 6537–6544 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, K. J.

Yao, B. Q.

F. Chen, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, B. Q. Yao, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Tm:LuAG ring laser operation at room temperature,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 371–374 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yeom, D. I.

Yim, J. H.

Yu, H.

Yu, H. H.

Yuan, P.

Zaldo, C.

Zhang, B.

J. Hou, B. Zhang, X. Su, R. Zhao, Z. Wang, F. Lou, and J. He, “High efficient mode-locked Tm:YAP laser emitting at 1938 nm by SESAM,” Opt. Commun. 347, 88–91 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, J.

J. Ma, G. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Tm: YAG ceramic laser based on graphene,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1100806 (2015).

Zhao, G. J.

Zhao, J.

T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, R.

J. Hou, B. Zhang, X. Su, R. Zhao, Z. Wang, F. Lou, and J. He, “High efficient mode-locked Tm:YAP laser emitting at 1938 nm by SESAM,” Opt. Commun. 347, 88–91 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, S.

T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, S. Z.

Zheng, L.

T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L. H.

Zhong, M. L.

Zhu, S. N.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Ma, G. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Passively mode-locked Tm: YAG ceramic laser based on graphene,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 1100806 (2015).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Feng, K. Yang, S. Zhao, J. Zhao, W. Qiao, T. Li, L. Zheng, J. Xu, Q. Wang, X. Xu, L. Su, and Y. Wang, “Efficient CW dual-wavelength and passively Q-switched Tm:LuAG lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 7–10 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

F. Chen, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, B. Q. Yao, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-switched Tm:LuAG ring laser operation at room temperature,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 371–374 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Hou, B. Zhang, X. Su, R. Zhao, Z. Wang, F. Lou, and J. He, “High efficient mode-locked Tm:YAP laser emitting at 1938 nm by SESAM,” Opt. Commun. 347, 88–91 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

K. J. Yang, D. C. Heinecke, C. Kölbl, T. Dekorsy, S. Z. Zhao, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, and G. J. Zhao, “Mode-locked Tm,Ho:YAP laser around 2.1 μm,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1574–1580 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Beil, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, F. Tellkamp, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:LuAG for kW thin disk lasers,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20712–20722 (2010).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Yang, H. Bromberger, D. Heinecke, C. Kölbl, H. Schäfer, T. Dekorsy, S. Z. Zhao, L. H. Zheng, J. Xu, and G. J. Zhao, “Efficient continuous wave and passively mode-locked Tm-doped crystalline silicate laser,” Opt. Express 20(17), 18630–18635 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Yang, H. Bromberger, H. Ruf, H. Schäfer, J. Neuhaus, T. Dekorsy, C. V. Grimm, M. Helm, K. Biermann, and H. Künzel, “Passively mode-locked Tm,Ho:YAG laser at 2 µm based on saturable absorption of intersubband transitions in quantum wells,” Opt. Express 18(7), 6537–6544 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, G. Jose, S. Calvez, A. Jha, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Femtosecond mode-locked Tm3+ and Tm3+-Ho3+ doped 2 μm glass lasers,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22090–22098 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Schmidt, P. Koopmann, G. Huber, P. Fuhrberg, S. Y. Choi, D. I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “175 fs Tm:Lu2O3 laser at 2.07 µm mode-locked using single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5313–5318 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. B. Cho, A. Schmidt, J. H. Yim, S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, G. Steinmeyer, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Passive mode-locking of a Tm-doped bulk laser near 2 microm using a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11007–11012 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (10)

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Dawson, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond pulse operation of a Tm,Ho-codoped crystalline laser near 2 µm,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 172–174 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, X. D. Xu, J. Xu, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronous operation of a mode-locked 2-μm Tm:CaYAlO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 40(3), 356–358 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser with wavelength tuning from 1860 to 2090 nm,” Opt. Lett. 27(22), 1989–1991 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Kmetec, T. S. Kubo, T. J. Kane, and C. J. Grund, “Laser performance of diode-pumped thulium-doped Y3Al5O12, (Y, Lu)3Al5O12, and Lu3Al5O12 crystals,” Opt. Lett. 19(3), 186–188 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, “Efficient, broadly tunable, laser-pumped Tm:YAG and Tm:YSGG CW lasers,” Opt. Lett. 15(9), 486–488 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Koopmann, S. Lamrini, K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Efficient diode-pumped laser operation of Tm:Lu2O3 around 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 36(6), 948–950 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Cheng, X. D. Jiang, X. P. Hu, M. L. Zhong, X. J. Lv, and S. N. Zhu, “Diode-pumped 1988-nm Tm:YAP laser mode-locked by intracavity second-harmonic generation in periodically poled LiNbO₃,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 2187–2190 (2014).
[PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Passive mode locking of a Tm,Ho:KY(WO4)2 laser around 2 µW,” Opt. Lett. 34(17), 2587–2589 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
[PubMed]

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and D. Y. Tang, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond laser at 2 μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 2085–2087 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Other (2)

FLIR Inc, “Laser Materials Lu3Al5O12”, http://www.scientificmaterials.com/products/luag_Lu3Al5O12_lutetium_aluminum.php .

Y. Li, Y. Wang, B. Yao, and Y. Ju, “Widely Tunable Tm:YAG, Tm:YAP, Tm:LuAG, Tm:GdVO4, Tm,Ho:GdVO4 and Tm, Ho:YLF Lasers,” CLEO, CTuAA7 (2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of the passive CWML Tm:LuAG laser
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The power performance of the (a) CW and (b) CWML Tm:LuAG laser
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 RF spectrum of CWML Tm:LuAG laser.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Autocorrelation trace of the mode-locked Tm:LuAG laser. Inset: the corresponding spectrum centered at 2022.9 nm.

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