Abstract

We report on a1.3 μm Q-switched laser operation based on LD-end-pumped Nd:LiYF4 (YLF) crystal firstly using few-layer topological insulator (TI) Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber (SA). The TI Bi2Se3 SA is fabricated by transferring the liquid-phase-exfoliated Bi2Se3nanosheets onto a BK7 glass substrate. After a free-running laser operation, the TI Bi2Se3 SA is inserted into the concave-plano laser cavity and finally a stable Q-switched laser operation is achieved with a maximum average output power of close to 0.2 W corresponding to a pulse repetition rate of 161.3 kHz, a shortest pulse width of 433 ns and a pulse energy of about 1.23 μJ. The results experimentally extend the promising application of the 2D material, few-layer TI Bi2Se3, in solid state lasers (SSLs).

© 2015 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction

In the recent ten years, since carbon nanotubes (CNTs) [1,2] and graphene [3–5] have been found to be very promising acting as SA in the field of fiber lasers and solid state lasers, efforts have been made to explore all those high-performance nanosheet materials because of their excellent properties, such as ultra-broadband saturable absorption, low cost and easy fabrication. All these properties lead to such kind of nanosheet materials suitable for mass production not only in the application of SAs but also in various other applications in optoelectronics. However, despite all these advantages of the nanosheet materials, one must recognize that they have not yet reached the maturity of those their counterpart materials, e.g. Cr:YAG and SESAMs. CNTs, for instance, were reported to have cluster-induced losses, and the suitable diameter control of the CNTs is often demanded for broadband saturable absorption [4]. Relatively low modulation depth and damage threshold could prohibit the generation of large pulse energies using graphene. Therefore, these broadband materials seem promising but further works are necessary for a real development.

Recently, some new nanosheet materials grouped as topological insulators have appeared to be potential as SAs and therefore have drawn a lot of attention, such as Bi2Se3 [6–13], Bi2Te3 [14] and Sb2Te3 [15]. They show ultra-broadband saturable absorption like graphene, but they exhibit much higher modulation depth than graphene. Among them, Bi2Se3 has been mostly studied as SA in fiber lasers and SSLs. For example, for fiber laser, in 2013, Luo et al. reported a 1.06 µm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser and obtained tunable pulse repetition rate from 8.3 to 29.1 kHz [6]. One year later, researchers from the same team demonstrated a diode-pumped Tm3+-doped double-clad fiber laser with the shortest pulse width of 4.18 μs and tunable repetition rate from 8.4 to 26.8 kHz [7]. For SSLs, Yu et al. reported the first TI Bi2Se3-based Q-switched SSL using Nd:GdVO4 as gain medium and obtained 58.5 nJ single pulse energy [8]. Hu et al. demonstrated a 1.6 μs Q-switched Yb:KGW laser and obtained a highest average output power of 439.4 mW, which represents the highest output power to date using topological insulators as SA [9]. TI Bi2Se3-based simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser was also realized by Wang et al. [10]. Very recently, using few-layer Bi2Se3, Jia et al. also demonstrated a dual-wavelength Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser and they obtained single pulse energy 0.56 μJ and shortest pulse width as 250 ns [11].

Nd:YLF has some important advantages despite its relatively smaller gain coefficient than Nd:YAG [16–20]. First of all, the spectroscopic properties show it to be superior to YAG for certain application. For instance, it has emission wavelength at 1.053 μm that matches the wavelength of the peak gain in Nd-doped phosphate glass. Moreover, fluorides have negative index variation with temperature which partially compensates the surface bulging due to thermal dilatation. Hence Nd:YLF has reduced thermal effects supporting stable resonators over a wide power range. Furthermore, the lifetime of the upper laser level (4F3/2) is twice longer than that of Nd:YAG, resulting in improved energy storage in the upper laser level, which means Nd:YLF is more favorable for pulsed laser operation than Nd:YAG.

High-peak-power all-solid-state laser sources in the 1.3 µm spectral region are of particular interest in remote sensing, eye-safe optical ranging, fiber sensing, and communication. For example, 1.3 µm lasers with characteristics of high absorption in water and low extinction in blood are being applied in resection of pulmonary metastases and dental applications recently [21,22]. Thus the diode-pump solid-state lasers operating at 1.3 µm wavelength region have attracted a great deal of attention. So far, no report concerns 1.3 μm TI Bi2Se3-based pulsed lasers and also no report concerns TI Bi2Se3-based Nd:YLF pulsed lasers, to the best of our knowledge. In this paper, we present the first 1.3 μmNd:YLF Q-switched laser using few-layer TI Bi2Se3 deposited on a BK7 glass substrate as SA. By inserting the TI Bi2Se3 SA into a concave-plano Nd:YLF laser cavity, we can obtain a stable Q-switched laser operation with laser pulses of 1.23 μJ and 433 ns at a repetition rate of about 161.3 kHz.

2. Preparation and characterization of TI Bi2Se3 SA

The preparation process of few-layer TI Bi2Se3SA is the same as depicted in [6]. Figure 1 shows the characterization of the as-prepared TI Bi2Se3. The bulk Bi2Se3 and the as-prepared few-layer Bi2Se3 are both characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) in Fig. 1(a), in which all the labeled peaks of the bulk Bi2Se3 can be easily indexed to rhombohedralBi2Se3 (JCPDs NO. 89-2008). The bulk Bi2Se3 had been successfully exfoliated because the XRD pattern of the few-layer Bi2Se3 shows a high [006] orientation and some characteristic peaks disappeared. The Raman spectroscopy is shown in Fig. 1(b). The characteristic peaks of the bulk Bi2Se3 are calibrated at 72.0, 128.6 and 172.7 cm−1. Compared with the bulk Bi2Se3, few-layer Bi2Se3 sample shows an obvious red shift of peak. Furthermore, atomic force microscopy (AFM) image was registered for characterizing the thickness of the as-prepared few-layer Bi2Se3 (see Fig. 1(c)). The height profile diagram (see Fig. 1(d)) shows the TI Bi2Se3nanosheets are around 2-4 nm, which indicates the TI Bi2Se3nanosheets are about 3 layers since the thickness of single layer is 0.96 nm [6]. The transmission of the as-prepared TI Bi2Se3was measured to be about 95.1% at 1313 nm using a Perkinelmer Lambda 750 optical spectrometer.

 

Fig. 1 (a) XRD and (b) Raman spectra of the bulk Bi2Se3 and few-layer Bi2Se3 samples; (c) AFM image and (d) height profile of an as-prepared few-layer Bi2Se3 sample.

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Following the synthesis of the few-layer TI Bi2Se3suspension, it was proceeded to the following steps to simply transfer the TI Bi2Se3nanosheets onto anti-reflection coated BK7 glass plates (0.5 mm in thickness). First, proper amounts of homogeneous TI Bi2Se3 solution were directly dripped onto the BK7 glass substrate. Second, the glass substrate was rotated at low speed to uniformly disperse the TI Bi2Se3 solution. Third, we dried it inside an oven with a constant temperature of 70°C for two hours.

3. Experimental setup

The schematic of the laser experimental setup is shown in Fig. 2.An 18 W laser diode is used as pump source emitting central wavelength around 803 nm at maximum output power with FWHM of about 2.88 nm. Although the greatest absorption for Nd:YLF is obtained near 797 and 806 nm (for σ polarization absorption), as well as 792 and 797 nm (for π polarization absorption), the 803 nm laser diode is only available pump source during the experiment. The laser diode is out-coupled using a fiber with a numerical aperture of 0.22 and a core diameter of 400 μm. To optimize the overlap between the pump spot size and the laser mode, we use a collimating doublet of 50-mm focal length and a focusing doublet of 40-mm focal length. Thus the end face of the coupling fiber was imaged into the laser crystal with a minimum spot radius of about 160 μm.

 

Fig. 2 Schematic experimental setup of the LD-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1313 nm.

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The laser cavity was a typical concave-plano cavity with total cavity length of about 35 mm. Such cavity is helpful not only in mitigating the thermal lensing effect of the laser crystal because of big laser mode but also, more importantly, in achieving small laser mode at the place of output mirror, which is favorable for saturable absorption of the TI Bi2Se3 SA. The coatings of the input mirror (IM) and of the output coupler (OC) were designed and fabricated in our lab by using a plasma direct-current sputtering technique. The curved dichroic IM has a maximum transmission (~90%) at the pump wavelength and is highly reflective (~99.9%) around 1.31 μm. In addition, in order to avoid lasing at the high gain transition lines around 1.05 μm, a high transmission about 90% at around 1.05 μm was coated. The OC is a flat mirror with transmission of 2.3% at the laser wavelength.

The laser crystal is a nicely polished but uncoated c-cut Nd:YLF crystal with a section of 3 × 3 mm2 and a length of 4 mm along the laser cavity axis. Due to a relatively weaker absorption of the c-cut than a-cut, the used Nd:YLF has a relatively high doping concentration as 1at.%. Thus, the single pass absorption ratio of the Nd:YLF crystal was measured to be about from 46% to 62% due to the shift of the pump wavelength. In addition, to avoid the thermal fracture of the laser crystal, a water cooling device is employed to efficiently remove the generated heat inside the laser crystal, which is wrapped inside a piece of indium foil and mounted inside a copper plate. A pinhole is also used for stopping the residual pump power as much as possible.

4. Laser results and discussion

A free-running continuous-wave (CW) operation was first carried out and we achieved maximum output power up to 1.65 W corresponding to a maximum pump power of 17.8 W. The threshold pump power was recorded to be 1.47 W during the experiment. A linear fit of the CW laser data gives a slope efficiency of about 9.6% with respect to pump power (see Fig. 3(a)). No output power rollover was observed indicating a feasible power scaling by using a pump source with better emitting wavelength to match the peak absorption of the laser crystal or by using longer laser crystal for absorbing more pump power.

 

Fig. 3 (a) Output power characteristics of CW and QS laser operation; (b) laser spectrum of the LD-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1313.04 nm.

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We then inserted the as-prepared TI Bi2Se3 SA and a pinhole into the laser cavity for generation of Q-switched laser pulse after the free-running laser operation. By continuously increasing the pump power from the continuous-wave threshold and finely tilting the glass substrate, a stable Q-switched pulsed laser operation was achieved when the pump power reached about 2.88 W. The higher threshold for the case of Q-switched laser operation should be explained by the linear absorption loss of the TI Bi2Se3 SA. Above the threshold pump power, a stable Q-switched laser operation was observed. The average output power is registered also in Fig. 3(a) showing a maximum output power of 0.198 W. Linear fit of the laser data gives a slope efficiency of about 6.5%. The output pulse laser was no longer stable when higher pump power was injected into the laser crystal. Damage can also be observed on the surface of the Bi2Se3saturable absorber with a burning formed dot when further increasing the pump power to about 7.8 W. The laser emission was monitored and measured with a peak wavelength of 1313.04 nm by using an optical spectrum analyzer HP 70951B shown in Fig. 3(b).

The single pulse profile and pulse trains shown in Fig. 4 at maximum output power were both recorded using a digital oscilloscope (Tektronix TDS 1012, 100MHz) and a fast photodetector (Thorlabs, PDA10CF-EC). The shortest pulse duration was measured to be about 433 ns and the corresponding pulse repetition rate was recorded to be 161.3 kHz. Figure 5(a) shows the evolution of the pulse repetition rate and the pulse width. The pulse repetition rate almost linearly increased from 36.5 to 161.3 kHz, while the pulse width shortened from 628 to 433 ns. According to the recorded pulse repetition rate and pulse width, we can approximately calculate the pulse peak power and pulse energy (see Fig. 5(b)). The maximum single pulse energy was estimated to be 1.23 μJ with a corresponding peak power of 2.84 W.

 

Fig. 4 Single pulse profile of the Q-switched Nd:YLF laser. The inset shows the pulse trains.

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Fig. 5 (a) Evolutions of the pulse repetition rate and the pulse width with the absorbed pump power; (b) evolutions of the pulse peak power and the pulse energy with the absorbed pump power.

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In 2013, Hernando et al. reported a Nd:YLF Q-switched laser at 1047 nm using a mono-layer graphene as SA and they obtained much longer laser pulse as 2.5 µs [23]. A much longer laser cavity as 282 mm and small modulation depth of their mono-layer graphene SA could be the reason for their longer laser pulse than that of ours. Finally, it should be pointed out that, according to [24], our low transmission coating of the output coupling is also helpful to generations of shorter pulses and higher repetition rate for a fixed cavity length.

5. Conclusion

After obtaining a 1.65 W continuous-wave laser at 1313 nm in a LD-pumped Nd:YLF laser crystal, we have experimentally demonstrated a passively Q-switched Nd:YLF laser at the same lasing wavelength by inserting a TI Bi2Se3 SA. The maximum average output power of about 0.2 W associated with corresponding laser pulse width 443 ns and pulse energy 1.23 μJ (peak power 2.84 W) at a repetition rate of 161.3 kHz is obtained. Therefore, these laser results definitely reveal that few-layer TI Bi2Se3 could be a very promising SA for the realization of compact and cost-effective Q-switched solid state lasers and also for the potential realization of ultra-short pulsed mode-locked solid state lasers, which will be our next investigation.

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank the financial support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (61275050, 61475129), the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (20120121110034, 20130121120043), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2013121022), Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province of China (2014J01251), and the Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry.

References and links

1. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H.Kataura, Y. Achiba, K. Kikuchi, “Mode -locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA/OFC, PD44 (2003)

2. A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, G. Steinmeyer, J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Passive mode locking of Yb:KLuW using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 729–731 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

3. Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Y. Xu, C. C. Ye, and Z. P. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

4. W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010). [CrossRef]  

5. J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, J. L. He, X. P. Hao, Y. Yang, Y. Z. Wu, S. D. Liu, and B. T. Zhang, “Efficient graphene Q switching and mode locking of 1.34 μm neodymium lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2652–2654 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

6. Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, J. Weng, H. H. Cheng, Z. Q. Lin, B. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

7. Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

8. H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013). [CrossRef]  

9. M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014). [CrossRef]  

10. B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014). [CrossRef]  

11. F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

12. Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013). [CrossRef]  

13. C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

14. P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013). [CrossRef]  

15. J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014). [CrossRef]  

16. T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982). [CrossRef]  

17. B. Frei and J. E. Balmer, “1053-nm-wavelength selection in a diode-laser-pumped Nd:YLF laser,” Appl. Opt. 33(30), 6942–6946 (1994). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

18. M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998). [CrossRef]  

19. J. R. Ryan and R. Beach, “Optical absorption and stimulated emission of neodymium in yttrium lithium fluoride,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9(10), 1883–1887 (1992). [CrossRef]  

20. F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006). [CrossRef]  

21. A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

22. J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, “High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: Scientific and medical applications,”Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasersand Electro-Optics, 126–127(1999)

23. P. M. Hernando, J. M. Guerra, and R. Weigand, “An Nd:YLF laser Q-switched by a monolayer-graphene saturable-absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 23(2), 025003 (2013). [CrossRef]  

24. G. J. Spuhler, R. Paschotta, R. Fluck, B. Braun, M. Moser, G. Zhang, E. Gini, and U. Keller, “Experimentally confirmed design guidelines for passively Q-switched microchip lasers using semiconductor saturable absorbers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(3), 376–388 (1999). [CrossRef]  

References

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  1. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H.Kataura, Y. Achiba, K. Kikuchi, “Mode -locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA/OFC, PD44 (2003)
  2. A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, G. Steinmeyer, J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Passive mode locking of Yb:KLuW using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 729–731 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Y. Xu, C. C. Ye, and Z. P. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, J. L. He, X. P. Hao, Y. Yang, Y. Z. Wu, S. D. Liu, and B. T. Zhang, “Efficient graphene Q switching and mode locking of 1.34 μm neodymium lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2652–2654 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, J. Weng, H. H. Cheng, Z. Q. Lin, B. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).
  8. H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  10. B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  11. F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).
  12. Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  13. C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  17. B. Frei and J. E. Balmer, “1053-nm-wavelength selection in a diode-laser-pumped Nd:YLF laser,” Appl. Opt. 33(30), 6942–6946 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. R. Ryan and R. Beach, “Optical absorption and stimulated emission of neodymium in yttrium lithium fluoride,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9(10), 1883–1887 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  20. F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  21. A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, “High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: Scientific and medical applications,”Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasersand Electro-Optics, 126–127(1999)
  23. P. M. Hernando, J. M. Guerra, and R. Weigand, “An Nd:YLF laser Q-switched by a monolayer-graphene saturable-absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 23(2), 025003 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  24. G. J. Spuhler, R. Paschotta, R. Fluck, B. Braun, M. Moser, G. Zhang, E. Gini, and U. Keller, “Experimentally confirmed design guidelines for passively Q-switched microchip lasers using semiconductor saturable absorbers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(3), 376–388 (1999).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

2014 (4)

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. M. Hernando, J. M. Guerra, and R. Weigand, “An Nd:YLF laser Q-switched by a monolayer-graphene saturable-absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 23(2), 025003 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, J. Weng, H. H. Cheng, Z. Q. Lin, B. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2010 (2)

Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Y. Xu, C. C. Ye, and Z. P. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

1982 (1)

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Aguiló, M.

Baier, B.

A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balembois, F.

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Balmer, J. E.

Barnasson, E.

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Baudrier, M.

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Beach, R.

Boquillon, J. P.

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, “High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: Scientific and medical applications,”Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasersand Electro-Optics, 126–127(1999)

Boutard, D.

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Braun, B.

Cai, Z. P.

Chen, H.

F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

Chen, S. Q.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, H. H.

Chicklis, E. P.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Cho, W. B.

Clarkson, W. A.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[Crossref]

Díaz, F.

Dou, Z. Y.

M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fan, D. Y.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fluck, R.

Forget, S.

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Frei, B.

Gini, E.

Grasso, R. J.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Griebner, U.

Grodecki, K.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guerra, J. M.

P. M. Hernando, J. M. Guerra, and R. Weigand, “An Nd:YLF laser Q-switched by a monolayer-graphene saturable-absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 23(2), 025003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guillet, H.

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, “High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: Scientific and medical applications,”Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasersand Electro-Optics, 126–127(1999)

Hanna, D. C.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hao, X. P.

Hardman, P. J.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[Crossref]

He, J. L.

Hernando, P. M.

P. M. Hernando, J. M. Guerra, and R. Weigand, “An Nd:YLF laser Q-switched by a monolayer-graphene saturable-absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 23(2), 025003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, M. T.

M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, G.

Huang, H. H.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. Z.

F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, J. Weng, H. H. Cheng, Z. Q. Lin, B. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jenssen, H. P.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Jia, F. Q.

F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

Keller, U.

Kern, M. A.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[Crossref]

Knize, R. J.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Koch, R.

A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

Li, L. J.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, X. L.

Lin, Z. Q.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, J. Weng, H. H. Cheng, Z. Q. Lin, B. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, C.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Liu, J. H.

M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, P.

F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

Liu, S. D.

Lu, S. B.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Z. Q.

F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, J. Weng, H. H. Cheng, Z. Q. Lin, B. Xu, Z. P. Cai, and H. Y. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Luo, M. Zhou, J. Weng, G. Huang, H. Y. Xu, C. C. Ye, and Z. P. Cai, “Graphene-based passively Q-switched dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3709–3711 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mateos, X.

Moser, M.

Musset, O.

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, “High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: Scientific and medical applications,”Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasersand Electro-Optics, 126–127(1999)

Paries, R.

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Paschotta, R.

Pereszlenyi, A.

A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petrov, V.

Pollak, T. M.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Pollnau, M.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[Crossref]

Pujol, M. C.

Richard, M.

A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rivier, S.

Rolle, A.

A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rotermund, F.

Roy, S.

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, “High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: Scientific and medical applications,”Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasersand Electro-Optics, 126–127(1999)

Ryan, J. R.

Schmidt, A.

Schwach, C.

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shen, D. Y.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sobon, G.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. R.

M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sotor, J.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Spuhler, G. J.

Steinmeyer, G.

Su, C. Y.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sun, L. P.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Tan, W. D.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tang, P. H.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tian, J. R.

M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, B. L.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Y.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. C.

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. T.

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weigand, R.

P. M. Hernando, J. M. Guerra, and R. Weigand, “An Nd:YLF laser Q-switched by a monolayer-graphene saturable-absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 23(2), 025003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wen, S. C.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weng, J.

Wing, W. F.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Wu, D. D.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Wu, J. Y.

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

Wu, Y. Z.

Xie, G. Q.

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Xu, H. Y.

Xu, J. L.

Yang, Y.

Ye, C. C.

Yim, J. H.

Yu, H. H.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B. T.

Zhang, G.

Zhang, H.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H. J.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. Q.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, M.

Zou, Y. H.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, and D. Y. Tang, “Mode locking of ceramic Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 031106 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quan. Elec. (1)

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW Laser Operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quan. Elec. 18(2), 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. (2)

F. Q. Jia, H. Chen, P. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, and Z. Q. Luo, “Nanosecond-Pulsed, Dual-Wavelength Passively Q-Switched c-Cut Nd:YVO4 Laser Using a Few-Layer Bi2Se3Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 21, 1601806 (2015).

Z. Q. Luo, C. Liu, Y. Z. Huang, D. D. Wu, J. Y. Wu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, Z. Q. Lin, L. P. Sun, and J. Weng, “Topological-Insulator Passively Q-Switched Double-Clad Fiber Laser at 2 μm Wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec. 20, 0902708 (2014).

IEEE Photonics Journal (2)

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 6, 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological Insulator: Bi2Te3Saturable Absorber for the Passive Q-Switching Operation of an in-Band Pumped 1645-nm Er:YAG Ceramic Laser,” IEEE Photonics Journal 5, 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lightw. Tech. (1)

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Q. Chen, P. H. Tang, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Self-Assembled Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3Membrane as a Passive Q-Switcher in anErbium-Doped Fiber Laser,” J. Lightw. Tech. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. (1)

A. Rolle, A. Pereszlenyi, R. Koch, M. Richard, and B. Baier, “Is surgery for multiple lung metastases reasonable? A total of 328 consecutive patients with multiple-laser metastasectomies with a new 1318-nm Nd:YAG laser,” J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 131(6), 1236–1242 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

P. M. Hernando, J. M. Guerra, and R. Weigand, “An Nd:YLF laser Q-switched by a monolayer-graphene saturable-absorber mirror,” Laser Phys. 23(2), 025003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. T. Hu, J. H. Liu, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

F. Balembois, D. Boutard, E. Barnasson, M. Baudrier, R. Paries, C. Schwach, and S. Forget, “Efficient diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled CW Nd:YLF laser emitting in the red,” Opt. Laser Technol. 38(8), 626–630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, Y. Sakakibara, A. Rozhin, M. Tokumoto, H.Kataura, Y. Achiba, K. Kikuchi, “Mode -locked Fiber Lasers based on a Saturable Absorber Incorporating Carbon Nanotubes,” OSA/OFC, PD44 (2003)

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, “High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: Scientific and medical applications,”Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasersand Electro-Optics, 126–127(1999)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) XRD and (b) Raman spectra of the bulk Bi2Se3 and few-layer Bi2Se3 samples; (c) AFM image and (d) height profile of an as-prepared few-layer Bi2Se3 sample.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic experimental setup of the LD-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1313 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Output power characteristics of CW and QS laser operation; (b) laser spectrum of the LD-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1313.04 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Single pulse profile of the Q-switched Nd:YLF laser. The inset shows the pulse trains.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Evolutions of the pulse repetition rate and the pulse width with the absorbed pump power; (b) evolutions of the pulse peak power and the pulse energy with the absorbed pump power.

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