Abstract

We report on ultra-short stretched pulse generation in an all-fiber erbium-doped ring laser with a highly-nonlinear germanosilicate fiber inside the resonator with a slightly positive net-cavity group velocity dispersion (GVD). Stable 84 fs pulses were obtained with a 12 MHz repetition rate at a central wavelength of 1560 nm with a 48.1 nm spectral pulse width (full width at half maximum, FWHM) and 30 mW average output power; this corresponds to the 29.7 kW maximum peak power and 2.5 nJ pulse energy obtained immediately from the oscillator.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction

Mode-locked (ML) ultra-short pulse (USP) fiber lasers have considerable potential for applications in various fields in both science and industry [1]. Over the last decade, USP fiber lasers as a source of optical frequency combs have revolutionized the field of time and frequency metrology since they appeared early as high performance instruments to phase coherently link optical and microwave frequencies [2, 3].

In general, USP generation can be performed using both active and passive ML techniques, and over recent years, a wide variety of cavity designs have been investigated for these lasers. Active ML was described for the first time in 1964 [4]. This method requires the implementation of complex and controllable amplitude or phase modulators. Passive ML was then realized a few years later [5, 6]. To date, passive ML is used for the vast majority of USP lasers, because it allows a much shorter pulse width to be obtained than the active method. In addition, the passive ML technique offers the advantages of flexibility and compactness [7].

Previous studies on passive ML focused on nonlinear polarization evolution (NPE) [8], use of a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) [9], and use of saturable absorbers (SAs) based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) [10, 11] or graphene [12, 13]. Self-starting passive ML was also demonstrated in hybrid systems that comprised NPE in conjunction with SA or SESAM [14, 15]. Hybrid ML should both enhance the pulse quality and provide reliable ML start-up by taking advantage of both mechanisms [16, 17], and hybrid ML is thus expected to significantly extend the turnkey operation of lasers [18, 19]. However, SAs or SESAMs have some disadvantages, including environmental sensitivity, complicated packaging and fabrication, and material degradation. Nonlinear polarization evolution (NPE) has been shown to be a promising and more reliable mechanism for USP generation in ring-cavity lasers [20]. Ring cavity design is advantageous in that the extraction of higher pulse energies is possible and that it is less sensitive to back reflections [21]. The shortest pulse width in an erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser was realized using the NPE-based mechanism [22].

For frequency metrology applications, Er-doped fiber lasers have generally been ML in the stretched-pulse regime [23–25], where a wider bandwidth than that observed when operating in the solitonic regime is produced, and these lasers allow effective comb stabilization [26,27]. Therefore, significant efforts are currently being directed toward the study of optical frequency combs of fiber lasers in the stretched-pulse regime passively ML by NPE-based mechanism. Optical frequency combs are in demand for astronomical calibration [28], direct comb spectroscopy [29], and microwave frequency generation [30].

In this study, we apply highly-nonlinear fiber (HNLF) with positive GVD at 1550 nm to net-cavity dispersion compensation. Moreover, the use of the HNLF for NPE-based ML can significantly enhance energy and peak power of the produced pulses by increasing the laser repetition rate and reducing the required total cavity length for an effective pulse compression. It should be noted, that the active comb stabilization scheme can be significantly simplified along with the use of high-NA fibers [31], thus allowing an all-fiber oscillator configuration. Therefore, we demonstrate passive NPE-based ML in a ring cavity formed using an active EDF, a highly nonlinear germanosilicate fiber with positive GVD, and SMF-28 (Corning Incorporated, NY, USA) fiber, which has negative GVD at 1550 nm.

2. Experimental setup

The experimental setup for the ML EDF ring laser is shown in Fig. 1. The NPE action is based on differential rotation of the orthogonally-polarized radiation components during propagation through the cavity due to the Kerr effect [32, 33]. The most important element is thus a polarization filter, which contributes intensity-dependent losses [34, 35].

 

Fig. 1 Experimental setup of the ML EDF ring laser. Inset: Output pulse train.

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A commercially developed isolator-polarizer (ISO PM) was used as the filter and also ensured unidirectional generation. Two polarization controllers (PCs) located at both ends of the ISO PM were included in the ring to adjust the ML regimes. A pigtailed single mode laser diode operating at 980 nm with a maximum output power of 430 mW was used as the pump source for the EDF. An 80/20 fiber coupler was used to provide the laser output from the cavity.

We used a 3.6-m-long EDF with low signal core absorption of ∼6.5 dB/m at the pump wavelength and with dispersion D ∼ −17.4 ps/(nm·km) at 1550 nm as the active fiber in the ring cavity. The 1.5-m-long HNLF used in the scheme is a single-mode germanosilicate fiber with a core germanium oxide concentration of ∼50 mol.% and the measured core diameter ∼2.5 μm. The HNLF production parameters was the same as in [36] and calculated value of the nonlinear refractive index n2 is 3.63·10−16 cm2/W. The measured dispersion of the HNLF was 100 ps/(nm·km) at 1550 nm. The total intracavity GVD β2 was +0.022 ps2 at 1550 nm with appropriate control of the SMF-28 fiber length.

3. Experimental results and discussion

Figure 2(a) shows the output spectrum (measured using the optical spectrum analyser AQ6370C, Yokogawa Electric Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) of the self-starting ML generation observed in the cavity with appropriate PC tuning at the maximum average output power of 30 mW.

 

Fig. 2 (a) Pulse spectrum and Gaussian fitting, (b) Intensity autocorrelation trace and fitting. Inset: Output spectrum.

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The pulse train obtained (using the oscilloscope Infinium MSO9254A, Keysight Technologies, Santa Rosa, CA, USA) is presented in the inset of Fig. 1. However, we failed to achieve stable generation with the HNLF length LHNLF in the LHNLF < 1.5 m and LHNLF >2 m ranges. The regimes observed at the laser output included the Gauss-like pulse period doubling bifurcations or unstable period doubling routed to chaos [12]. We believe that these issues have strong connections to the uncompensated third-order dispersion (TOD) as it was observed in [31] for ML with high-NA fibers. In this study we have similar ML fiber laser operation peculiarities but the detailed studies is needed.

The main peak in the output spectrum (see Fig. 2(a)) can be approximated using a Gaussian function with a FWHM of ∼48.1 nm (corresponding to a pulse width of ∼100 fs). However, there are additional spectrum extensions, which are symmetrically spaced around the main maximum. This shift corresponds to the Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman components shift for typical silica glass (∼85 cm−1, see e.g., [37]). Therefore, the Raman scattering, which presumably occurred largely in the HNLF, is a limiting factor for further pulse width compression, along with the influence of the TOD [38]. It should be noted that the conditions for energy transfer to the coherent Raman supercontinuum components can be created in a long ring resonator based on a polarization-maintaining (PM) fiber [39].

Figure 2(b) shows the intensity autocorrelation trace (obtained using the autocorrelator AA-10DDM-OU, Avesta Ltd., Troitsk, Moscow Russia) and its Gaussian fitting at the laser output with the 0.9-m-long SMF-28 fiber from the coupler to the autocorrelator. In order to obtain minimum pulse width we measured pulse duration varying output SMF-28 length Lsmf in the range of 0.9 m <Lsmf < 3m. The minimum pulse width obtained is 84 fs at the maximum available pump power. Note, that there is no pedestal observed in the Fig. 2(b). This issue can be explained by third order dispersion compensation in the cavity using 1.5 m long HNLF as it was observed in [31] for ML with high-NA fibers. The pulse spectrum obtained at the 0.9 m SMF-28 length is shown in the inset of Fig. 2(b). The Gaussian spectrum and pulse shape are inherent to stretched pulse generation [8].

Estimation of the time-bandwidth product gives TBP = Δν × τmin ≈ 0.5. Thus, the obtained pulse is close to the bandwidth-limit (TBP for a Gaussian pulse ≈ 0.44). This slight discrepancy can be ascribed to the linear chirp of the pulse (and thus τmin can be achieved by appropriate SMF-28 length control at the output) or to the influence of modulation instability (MI) in the cavity along with self-phase modulation and TOD effects in the HNLF in particular. Indeed, all these effects may modify the pulse chirp in a nonlinear manner, which thus prevents generation of the bandwidth-limited pulse. However, further research is needed with regard to this issue.

Figure 3(a) shows the radio-frequency (RF) spectrum at the fundamental oscillator frequency with a resolution of 300 Hz (using the electrical spectrum analyzer FSL 3 model.03, Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG, Munich, Germany). The RF spectrum has a peak at a frequency ∼12 MHz with a signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio ∼38 dB. At the same time, there is also some frequency modulation, which is expressed in the form of two additional side peaks, that are separate from the fundamental frequency of 0.01 MHz. We believe that these additional peaks are related to the commercial filter (ISO PM) issues and can thus be further suppressed by using e.g. PZ-fiber as reliable polarization filter [18]. The pulse repetition frequency evidently corresponds to a total cavity length of ∼17.3 m. The inset in Fig. 3(a) shows the RF spectrum in the frequency range from 10 kHz to 2 GHz with a resolution of 30 kHz. Note that the high S/N ratio shown, even in the GHz frequency range, indicates the stability of the ML regime obtained [40]. In summary, we have obtained near-bandwidth-limited USP with an average output power of 30 mW, corresponding to 29.7 kW maximum peak power and 2.5 nJ pulse energy when obtained immediately from the oscillator, that significantly exceeded previous results [25].

 

Fig. 3 (a) RF spectrum of the pulse train, (b) RIN of the laser and noise floor from the PD+ESA.

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Figure 3(b) shows the relative intensity noise (RIN) performance of the laser and noise floor from the photodetector and electrical spectrum analyzer (PD+ESA) over a frequency range from 3 Hz to 100 kHz. The acquisition time was 0.3 s. The corner frequency of approximately 7 kHz was related to a combination of the laser dynamics and the gain response time of the EDF [41,42]. For the free-running laser at frequencies below the laser pump modulation bandwidth, the RIN was equal to −120 dBc/Hz, while at frequencies above the laser pump modulation bandwidth, the RIN was equal to −150 dBc/Hz. In our case, without the use of specialized power locking schemes, we obtained a RIN value that is comparable to that obtained previously by femtosecond combs based on other ML principles and USP generation regimes [43, 44].

4. Conclusion

We performed stretched pulse generation with a repetition rate of 12 MHz, an average output power of 30 mW, a spectral pulse width of 48.1 nm and an 84 fs pulse width in an all-fiber erbium-doped ring laser with a highly-nonlinear fiber; this corresponds to the 29.7 kW maximum peak power and 2.5 nJ pulse energy. It should be noted, that obtained high energy stable USP without any further amplification can be used for the coherent supercontinuum generation, which widely used in various active comb stabilization schemes. Thus, these results can be successfully applied to the optical frequency metrology field and our current efforts are now aimed at demonstration of comb stabilization for future generation of low-noise microwaves.

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. K. Senatorov (FORC RAS) for the provision of the HNLF and GVD measurements. The reported study was funded by RFBR, according to the research projects No. 16-38-60147, No. 16-38-60102 and a project No. 15-11-10023, supported by the Russian Science Foundation.

References and links

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13. D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010). [CrossRef]  

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17. Y. Liu, X. Zhao, J. Liu, G. Hu, Z. Gong, and Z. Zheng, “Widely-pulsewidth-tunable ultrashort pulse generation from a birefringent carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22, 21012–21017 (2014). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

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References

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  1. M. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 191–206 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  2. T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. L.-S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10−19 level,” Science 303, 1843–1845 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. L. E. Hargrove, R. L. Fork, and M. A. Pollack, “Locking of HeNe laser modes induced by synchronous intracavity modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 4–5 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. W. Mocker and R. J. Collins, “Mode competition and self-locking effects in a q-switched ruby laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 270–273 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. J. DeMaria, D. A. Stetser, and H. Heynau, “Self mode-locking of lasers with saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 174–176 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  7. P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type ws2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  8. L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  9. U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (sesam’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. Lim, K. Knabe, K. A. Tillman, W. Neely, Y. Wang, R. Amezcua-Correa, F. Couny, P. S. Light, F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, K. L. Corwin, J. W. Nicholson, and B. R. Washburn, “A phase-stabilized carbon nanotube fiber laser frequency comb,” Opt. Express 17, 14115–14120 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17, 17630–17635 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. H. Ober, U. Keiler, T. H. Chiu, and M. Hofer, “Self-starting diode-pumped femtosecond ND fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1532–1534 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  15. L. C. Sinclair, I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, G. B. Rieker, A. Hati, K. Iwakuni, and N. R. Newbury, “Operation of an optically coherent frequency comb outside the metrology lab,” Opt. Express 22, 6996–7006 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, Y. Gladysheva, A. Krylov, N. Arutunan, A. Pozharov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology (English Edition) 22, 119–122 (2013).
  17. Y. Liu, X. Zhao, J. Liu, G. Hu, Z. Gong, and Z. Zheng, “Widely-pulsewidth-tunable ultrashort pulse generation from a birefringent carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22, 21012–21017 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. A. A. Krylov, S. G. Sazonkin, V. A. Lazarev, D. A. Dvoretskiy, S. O. Leonov, A. B. Pnev, V. E. Karasik, V. V. Grebenyukov, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, and E. M. Dianov, “Ultra-short pulse generation in the hybridly mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber ring laser with a distributed polarizer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 065001 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  19. V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, A. Krylov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 486, 012004 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  20. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiberring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  21. M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photon. 7, 868–874 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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  37. A. E. Bednyakova, S. A. Babin, D. S. Kharenko, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, “Evolution of dissipative solitons in a fiber laser oscillator in the presence of strong raman scattering,” Opt. Express 21, 20556–20564 (2013).
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  42. W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersale, A. Luiten, Y. Coq, and G. Santarelli, “Advanced noise reduction techniques for ultra-low phase noise optical-to-microwave division with femtosecond fiber combs,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  58, 900–908 (2011).
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  43. W. Zhang, M. Lours, M. Fischer, R. Holzwarth, G. Santarelli, and Y. Coq, “Characterizing a fiber-based frequency comb with electro-optic modulator,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  59, 432–438 (2012).
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  44. B. R. Washburn, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Response dynamics of the frequency comb output from a femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13, 10622–10633 (2005).
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2015 (4)

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type ws2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. A. Krylov, S. G. Sazonkin, V. A. Lazarev, D. A. Dvoretskiy, S. O. Leonov, A. B. Pnev, V. E. Karasik, V. V. Grebenyukov, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, and E. M. Dianov, “Ultra-short pulse generation in the hybridly mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber ring laser with a distributed polarizer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 065001 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “80 fs passively mode-locked er-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 25, 065104 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Kadel and B. R. Washburn, “Stretched-pulse and solitonic operation of an all-fiber thulium/holmium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Opt. 54, 746–750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

2013 (3)

V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, Y. Gladysheva, A. Krylov, N. Arutunan, A. Pozharov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology (English Edition) 22, 119–122 (2013).

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photon. 7, 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. E. Bednyakova, S. A. Babin, D. S. Kharenko, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, “Evolution of dissipative solitons in a fiber laser oscillator in the presence of strong raman scattering,” Opt. Express 21, 20556–20564 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

W. Zhang, M. Lours, M. Fischer, R. Holzwarth, G. Santarelli, and Y. Coq, “Characterizing a fiber-based frequency comb with electro-optic modulator,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  59, 432–438 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersale, A. Luiten, Y. Coq, and G. Santarelli, “Advanced noise reduction techniques for ultra-low phase noise optical-to-microwave division with femtosecond fiber combs,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  58, 900–908 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

D. Ma, Y. Cai, C. Zhou, W. Zong, L. Chen, and Z. Zhang, “37.4 fs pulse generation in an er:fiber laser at a 225 mhz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2858–2860 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

2008 (3)

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, “Molecular fingerprinting with the resolved modes of a femtosecond laser frequency comb,” Nature 445, 627–630 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yatsenko and A. Mavritsky, “D-scan measurement of nonlinear refractive index in fibers heavily doped with GeO2,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3257–3259 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. McFerran, W. Swann, B. Washburn, and N. Newbury, “Suppression of pump-induced frequency noise in fiber-laser frequency combs leading to sub-radian fceo phase excursions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 219–227 (2007).

2005 (2)

B. R. Washburn, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Response dynamics of the frequency comb output from a femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13, 10622–10633 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Tausenev, P. G. Kryukov, M. M. Bubnov, M. E. Likhachev, E. Y. Romanova, M. V. Yashkov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salganskii, “Efficient source of femtosecond pulses and its use for broadband supercontinuum generation,” Quantum Electron. 35, 581 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

L.-S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10−19 level,” Science 303, 1843–1845 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

1997 (1)

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (sesam’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (3)

1992 (1)

S. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett. 28, 806–807 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

1966 (1)

A. J. DeMaria, D. A. Stetser, and H. Heynau, “Self mode-locking of lasers with saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 174–176 (1966).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

H. W. Mocker and R. J. Collins, “Mode competition and self-locking effects in a q-switched ruby laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 270–273 (1965).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

L. E. Hargrove, R. L. Fork, and M. A. Pollack, “Locking of HeNe laser modes induced by synchronous intracavity modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 4–5 (1964).
[Crossref]

Abedin, K. S.

Abramski, K. M.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “80 fs passively mode-locked er-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 25, 065104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Amezcua-Correa, R.

Apolonski, A.

S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, D. S. Kharenko, A. E. Bednyakova, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, “Multicolour nonlinearly bound chirped dissipative solitons,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4653 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Bednyakova, S. A. Babin, D. S. Kharenko, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, “Evolution of dissipative solitons in a fiber laser oscillator in the presence of strong raman scattering,” Opt. Express 21, 20556–20564 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Araujo-Hauck, C.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arutunan, N.

V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, Y. Gladysheva, A. Krylov, N. Arutunan, A. Pozharov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology (English Edition) 22, 119–122 (2013).

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (sesam’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Babin, S. A.

S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, D. S. Kharenko, A. E. Bednyakova, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, “Multicolour nonlinearly bound chirped dissipative solitons,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4653 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Bednyakova, S. A. Babin, D. S. Kharenko, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, “Evolution of dissipative solitons in a fiber laser oscillator in the presence of strong raman scattering,” Opt. Express 21, 20556–20564 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Q. L.

Bartels, A.

L.-S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10−19 level,” Science 303, 1843–1845 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bednyakova, A. E.

S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, D. S. Kharenko, A. E. Bednyakova, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, “Multicolour nonlinearly bound chirped dissipative solitons,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4653 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Bednyakova, S. A. Babin, D. S. Kharenko, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, “Evolution of dissipative solitons in a fiber laser oscillator in the presence of strong raman scattering,” Opt. Express 21, 20556–20564 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benabid, F.

Bi, Z.

L.-S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10−19 level,” Science 303, 1843–1845 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boguslawski, J.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “80 fs passively mode-locked er-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 25, 065104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Boudot, R.

W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersale, A. Luiten, Y. Coq, and G. Santarelli, “Advanced noise reduction techniques for ultra-low phase noise optical-to-microwave division with femtosecond fiber combs,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  58, 900–908 (2011).
[Crossref]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (sesam’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bubnov, M. M.

A. V. Tausenev, P. G. Kryukov, M. M. Bubnov, M. E. Likhachev, E. Y. Romanova, M. V. Yashkov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salganskii, “Efficient source of femtosecond pulses and its use for broadband supercontinuum generation,” Quantum Electron. 35, 581 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cai, Y.

Chen, H.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type ws2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Chen, Y.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type ws2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chernov, A. I.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chiu, T. H.

Coddington, I.

Collins, R. J.

H. W. Mocker and R. J. Collins, “Mode competition and self-locking effects in a q-switched ruby laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 270–273 (1965).
[Crossref]

Coq, Y.

W. Zhang, M. Lours, M. Fischer, R. Holzwarth, G. Santarelli, and Y. Coq, “Characterizing a fiber-based frequency comb with electro-optic modulator,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  59, 432–438 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersale, A. Luiten, Y. Coq, and G. Santarelli, “Advanced noise reduction techniques for ultra-low phase noise optical-to-microwave division with femtosecond fiber combs,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  58, 900–908 (2011).
[Crossref]

Corwin, K. L.

Couny, F.

Cundiff, S.

D’Odorico, S.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DeMaria, A. J.

A. J. DeMaria, D. A. Stetser, and H. Heynau, “Self mode-locking of lasers with saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 174–176 (1966).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

A. A. Krylov, S. G. Sazonkin, V. A. Lazarev, D. A. Dvoretskiy, S. O. Leonov, A. B. Pnev, V. E. Karasik, V. V. Grebenyukov, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, and E. M. Dianov, “Ultra-short pulse generation in the hybridly mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber ring laser with a distributed polarizer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 065001 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
[Crossref]

Diddams, S. A.

S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, “Molecular fingerprinting with the resolved modes of a femtosecond laser frequency comb,” Nature 445, 627–630 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10−19 level,” Science 303, 1843–1845 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, J.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type ws2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dvoretskiy, D. A.

A. A. Krylov, S. G. Sazonkin, V. A. Lazarev, D. A. Dvoretskiy, S. O. Leonov, A. B. Pnev, V. E. Karasik, V. V. Grebenyukov, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, and E. M. Dianov, “Ultra-short pulse generation in the hybridly mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber ring laser with a distributed polarizer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 065001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fedoruk, M. P.

S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, D. S. Kharenko, A. E. Bednyakova, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, “Multicolour nonlinearly bound chirped dissipative solitons,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4653 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Bednyakova, S. A. Babin, D. S. Kharenko, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, “Evolution of dissipative solitons in a fiber laser oscillator in the presence of strong raman scattering,” Opt. Express 21, 20556–20564 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fermann, M.

M. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 191–206 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

Ferrari, A. C.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fischer, M.

W. Zhang, M. Lours, M. Fischer, R. Holzwarth, G. Santarelli, and Y. Coq, “Characterizing a fiber-based frequency comb with electro-optic modulator,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  59, 432–438 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (sesam’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Fork, R. L.

L. E. Hargrove, R. L. Fork, and M. A. Pollack, “Locking of HeNe laser modes induced by synchronous intracavity modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 4–5 (1964).
[Crossref]

Fortier, T.

Fourcade-Dutin, C.

Gladysheva, Y.

V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, Y. Gladysheva, A. Krylov, N. Arutunan, A. Pozharov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology (English Edition) 22, 119–122 (2013).

Gong, Z.

Gopinath, J. T.

Grebenyukov, V. V.

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V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, Y. Gladysheva, A. Krylov, N. Arutunan, A. Pozharov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology (English Edition) 22, 119–122 (2013).

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A. A. Krylov, S. G. Sazonkin, V. A. Lazarev, D. A. Dvoretskiy, S. O. Leonov, A. B. Pnev, V. E. Karasik, V. V. Grebenyukov, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, and E. M. Dianov, “Ultra-short pulse generation in the hybridly mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber ring laser with a distributed polarizer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 065001 (2015).
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V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, Y. Gladysheva, A. Krylov, N. Arutunan, A. Pozharov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology (English Edition) 22, 119–122 (2013).

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A. A. Krylov, S. G. Sazonkin, V. A. Lazarev, D. A. Dvoretskiy, S. O. Leonov, A. B. Pnev, V. E. Karasik, V. V. Grebenyukov, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, and E. M. Dianov, “Ultra-short pulse generation in the hybridly mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber ring laser with a distributed polarizer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 065001 (2015).
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W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersale, A. Luiten, Y. Coq, and G. Santarelli, “Advanced noise reduction techniques for ultra-low phase noise optical-to-microwave division with femtosecond fiber combs,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  58, 900–908 (2011).
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W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersale, A. Luiten, Y. Coq, and G. Santarelli, “Advanced noise reduction techniques for ultra-low phase noise optical-to-microwave division with femtosecond fiber combs,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  58, 900–908 (2011).
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A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093902 (2008).
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T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
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A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093902 (2008).
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U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (sesam’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
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V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, A. Krylov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 486, 012004 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, Y. Gladysheva, A. Krylov, N. Arutunan, A. Pozharov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology (English Edition) 22, 119–122 (2013).

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A. A. Krylov, S. G. Sazonkin, V. A. Lazarev, D. A. Dvoretskiy, S. O. Leonov, A. B. Pnev, V. E. Karasik, V. V. Grebenyukov, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, and E. M. Dianov, “Ultra-short pulse generation in the hybridly mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber ring laser with a distributed polarizer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 065001 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
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T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
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V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, A. Krylov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 486, 012004 (2014).
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S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, D. S. Kharenko, A. E. Bednyakova, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, “Multicolour nonlinearly bound chirped dissipative solitons,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4653 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Bednyakova, S. A. Babin, D. S. Kharenko, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, “Evolution of dissipative solitons in a fiber laser oscillator in the presence of strong raman scattering,” Opt. Express 21, 20556–20564 (2013).
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L. E. Hargrove, R. L. Fork, and M. A. Pollack, “Locking of HeNe laser modes induced by synchronous intracavity modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 4–5 (1964).
[Crossref]

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D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pozharov, A.

V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, Y. Gladysheva, A. Krylov, N. Arutunan, A. Pozharov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology (English Edition) 22, 119–122 (2013).

Pozharov, A. S.

A. A. Krylov, S. G. Sazonkin, V. A. Lazarev, D. A. Dvoretskiy, S. O. Leonov, A. B. Pnev, V. E. Karasik, V. V. Grebenyukov, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, and E. M. Dianov, “Ultra-short pulse generation in the hybridly mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber ring laser with a distributed polarizer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 065001 (2015).
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Rieker, G. B.

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L.-S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10−19 level,” Science 303, 1843–1845 (2004).
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A. V. Tausenev, P. G. Kryukov, M. M. Bubnov, M. E. Likhachev, E. Y. Romanova, M. V. Yashkov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salganskii, “Efficient source of femtosecond pulses and its use for broadband supercontinuum generation,” Quantum Electron. 35, 581 (2005).
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P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type ws2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
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Salganskii, M. Y.

A. V. Tausenev, P. G. Kryukov, M. M. Bubnov, M. E. Likhachev, E. Y. Romanova, M. V. Yashkov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salganskii, “Efficient source of femtosecond pulses and its use for broadband supercontinuum generation,” Quantum Electron. 35, 581 (2005).
[Crossref]

Santarelli, G.

W. Zhang, M. Lours, M. Fischer, R. Holzwarth, G. Santarelli, and Y. Coq, “Characterizing a fiber-based frequency comb with electro-optic modulator,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  59, 432–438 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersale, A. Luiten, Y. Coq, and G. Santarelli, “Advanced noise reduction techniques for ultra-low phase noise optical-to-microwave division with femtosecond fiber combs,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  58, 900–908 (2011).
[Crossref]

Savchenkov, A. A.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sazonkin, S.

V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, A. Krylov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 486, 012004 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, Y. Gladysheva, A. Krylov, N. Arutunan, A. Pozharov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology (English Edition) 22, 119–122 (2013).

Sazonkin, S. G.

A. A. Krylov, S. G. Sazonkin, V. A. Lazarev, D. A. Dvoretskiy, S. O. Leonov, A. B. Pnev, V. E. Karasik, V. V. Grebenyukov, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, and E. M. Dianov, “Ultra-short pulse generation in the hybridly mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber ring laser with a distributed polarizer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 065001 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, A. J.

Schmidt, W.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seidel, D.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sinclair, L. C.

Sobon, G.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “80 fs passively mode-locked er-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 25, 065104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Solomatine, I.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sotor, J.

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “80 fs passively mode-locked er-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 25, 065104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Steinmetz, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stetser, D. A.

A. J. DeMaria, D. A. Stetser, and H. Heynau, “Self mode-locking of lasers with saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 174–176 (1966).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

J. Li, Z. Yan, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Y. He, Z. Li, Y. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Thulium-doped all-fiber mode-locked laser based on npr and 45°-tilted fiber grating,” Opt. Express 22, 31020–31028 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Swann, W.

J. McFerran, W. Swann, B. Washburn, and N. Newbury, “Suppression of pump-induced frequency noise in fiber-laser frequency combs leading to sub-radian fceo phase excursions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 219–227 (2007).

Swann, W. C.

Tamura, K.

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiberring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

Tausenev, A. V.

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. V. Tausenev, P. G. Kryukov, M. M. Bubnov, M. E. Likhachev, E. Y. Romanova, M. V. Yashkov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salganskii, “Efficient source of femtosecond pulses and its use for broadband supercontinuum generation,” Quantum Electron. 35, 581 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tauser, F.

Tillman, K. A.

Torrisi, F.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tsapenko, K.

V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, A. Krylov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 486, 012004 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, Y. Gladysheva, A. Krylov, N. Arutunan, A. Pozharov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology (English Edition) 22, 119–122 (2013).

Udem, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

Wang, F.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type ws2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Washburn, B.

J. McFerran, W. Swann, B. Washburn, and N. Newbury, “Suppression of pump-induced frequency noise in fiber-laser frequency combs leading to sub-radian fceo phase excursions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 219–227 (2007).

Washburn, B. R.

Weingarten, K.

U. Keller, K. Weingarten, F. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (sesam’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wilken, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilpers, G.

L.-S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10−19 level,” Science 303, 1843–1845 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

L.-S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10−19 level,” Science 303, 1843–1845 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, S.

Xu, Z.

W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersale, A. Luiten, Y. Coq, and G. Santarelli, “Advanced noise reduction techniques for ultra-low phase noise optical-to-microwave division with femtosecond fiber combs,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  58, 900–908 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yan, P.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type ws2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yan, Z.

Yashkov, M. V.

A. V. Tausenev, P. G. Kryukov, M. M. Bubnov, M. E. Likhachev, E. Y. Romanova, M. V. Yashkov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salganskii, “Efficient source of femtosecond pulses and its use for broadband supercontinuum generation,” Quantum Electron. 35, 581 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yatsenko, Y.

Ye, J.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, M. Lours, M. Fischer, R. Holzwarth, G. Santarelli, and Y. Coq, “Characterizing a fiber-based frequency comb with electro-optic modulator,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  59, 432–438 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersale, A. Luiten, Y. Coq, and G. Santarelli, “Advanced noise reduction techniques for ultra-low phase noise optical-to-microwave division with femtosecond fiber combs,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  58, 900–908 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, X.

Zheng, Z.

Zhou, C.

Zinth, W.

Zong, W.

Zucco, M.

L.-S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10−19 level,” Science 303, 1843–1845 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

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A. J. DeMaria, D. A. Stetser, and H. Heynau, “Self mode-locking of lasers with saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 174–176 (1966).
[Crossref]

A. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, P. G. Kryukov, A. V. Konyashchenko, and E. M. Dianov, “177 fs erbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with a cellulose polymer film containing single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 171113 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. McFerran, W. Swann, B. Washburn, and N. Newbury, “Suppression of pump-induced frequency noise in fiber-laser frequency combs leading to sub-radian fceo phase excursions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 219–227 (2007).

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[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control (2)

W. Zhang, Z. Xu, M. Lours, R. Boudot, Y. Kersale, A. Luiten, Y. Coq, and G. Santarelli, “Advanced noise reduction techniques for ultra-low phase noise optical-to-microwave division with femtosecond fiber combs,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  58, 900–908 (2011).
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W. Zhang, M. Lours, M. Fischer, R. Holzwarth, G. Santarelli, and Y. Coq, “Characterizing a fiber-based frequency comb with electro-optic modulator,” IEEE Trans. Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control,  59, 432–438 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, A. Krylov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 486, 012004 (2014).
[Crossref]

Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology (English Edition) (1)

V. Lazarev, S. Sazonkin, A. Pniov, K. Tsapenko, Y. Gladysheva, A. Krylov, N. Arutunan, A. Pozharov, and E. Obraztsova, “Hybrid mode-locked ultrashort-pulse erbium-doped fiber laser,” Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology (English Edition) 22, 119–122 (2013).

Laser Phys. (1)

J. Boguslawski, J. Sotor, G. Sobon, and K. M. Abramski, “80 fs passively mode-locked er-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 25, 065104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

A. A. Krylov, S. G. Sazonkin, V. A. Lazarev, D. A. Dvoretskiy, S. O. Leonov, A. B. Pnev, V. E. Karasik, V. V. Grebenyukov, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, and E. M. Dianov, “Ultra-short pulse generation in the hybridly mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber ring laser with a distributed polarizer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12, 065001 (2015).
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Nat. Commun. (1)

S. A. Babin, E. V. Podivilov, D. S. Kharenko, A. E. Bednyakova, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, “Multicolour nonlinearly bound chirped dissipative solitons,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4653 (2014).
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Nat. Photon. (1)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photon. 7, 868–874 (2013).
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Nature (2)

S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, “Molecular fingerprinting with the resolved modes of a femtosecond laser frequency comb,” Nature 445, 627–630 (2007).
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T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hansch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002).
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Opt. Express (10)

L. C. Sinclair, I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, G. B. Rieker, A. Hati, K. Iwakuni, and N. R. Newbury, “Operation of an optically coherent frequency comb outside the metrology lab,” Opt. Express 22, 6996–7006 (2014).
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Y. Liu, X. Zhao, J. Liu, G. Hu, Z. Gong, and Z. Zheng, “Widely-pulsewidth-tunable ultrashort pulse generation from a birefringent carbon nanotube mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22, 21012–21017 (2014).
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J. Lim, K. Knabe, K. A. Tillman, W. Neely, Y. Wang, R. Amezcua-Correa, F. Couny, P. S. Light, F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, K. L. Corwin, J. W. Nicholson, and B. R. Washburn, “A phase-stabilized carbon nanotube fiber laser frequency comb,” Opt. Express 17, 14115–14120 (2009).
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H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17, 17630–17635 (2009).
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S. Wu, C. Wang, C. Fourcade-Dutin, B. R. Washburn, F. Benabid, and K. L. Corwin, “Direct fiber comb stabilization to a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 22, 23704–23715 (2014).
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J. Rauschenberger, T. Fortier, D. Jones, J. Ye, and S. Cundiff, “Control of the frequency comb from a modelocked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 10, 1404–1410 (2002).
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F. Tauser, A. Leitenstorfer, and W. Zinth, “Amplified femtosecond pulses from an er:fiber system: Nonlinear pulse shortening and selfreferencing detection of the carrier-envelope phase evolution,” Opt. Express 11, 594–600 (2003).
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J. Li, Z. Yan, Z. Sun, H. Luo, Y. He, Z. Li, Y. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Thulium-doped all-fiber mode-locked laser based on npr and 45°-tilted fiber grating,” Opt. Express 22, 31020–31028 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. R. Washburn, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Response dynamics of the frequency comb output from a femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13, 10622–10633 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Bednyakova, S. A. Babin, D. S. Kharenko, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, “Evolution of dissipative solitons in a fiber laser oscillator in the presence of strong raman scattering,” Opt. Express 21, 20556–20564 (2013).
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Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 093902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. V. Tausenev, P. G. Kryukov, M. M. Bubnov, M. E. Likhachev, E. Y. Romanova, M. V. Yashkov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salganskii, “Efficient source of femtosecond pulses and its use for broadband supercontinuum generation,” Quantum Electron. 35, 581 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type ws2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

L.-S. Ma, Z. Bi, A. Bartels, L. Robertsson, M. Zucco, R. S. Windeler, G. Wilpers, C. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Optical frequency synthesis and comparison with uncertainty at the 10−19 level,” Science 303, 1843–1845 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of the ML EDF ring laser. Inset: Output pulse train.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Pulse spectrum and Gaussian fitting, (b) Intensity autocorrelation trace and fitting. Inset: Output spectrum.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) RF spectrum of the pulse train, (b) RIN of the laser and noise floor from the PD+ESA.

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