Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a tunable multi-wavelength SOA fiber laser based on a Sagnac loop mirror using elliptical core side-hole fiber. We fabricated different types of elliptical core side-hole fiber with elliptical or circular cladding shape. The measured modal birefringence of the fabricated fiber was 1.7×10-4 (elliptical shape) and 1.16×10-4 (circular shape), respectively. By carefully adjusting the polarization controller inside the cavity, we could obtain 18 discrete channels with SNR over 30 dB and channel spacing of 0.8 nm and 10 discrete channels with SNR over 30 dB and channel spacing of ∼1.4 nm. The proposed fiber laser was rather stable and the temporal power fluctuation was less than 0.8 dB. In addition, by thermally heating the elliptical core side-hole fiber in the Sagnac loop, we could obtain a tunable multi-wavelength fiber laser.

©2007 Optical Society of America

1. Introduction

Multi-wavelength fiber lasers have attracted great interest because of their potential application in optical fiber sensing, optical communications, instrument testing and so on thanks to their various advantages, such as multi-wavelength operation, low cost and low insertion loss. Semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA)-based multi-wavelength fiber lasers exhibit stable operation because the SOA has the property of primarily inhomogeneous broadening and thus can support simultaneous oscillation of many lasing wavelengths [1–4].

Several techniques have been proposed to achieve multi-wavelength fiber lasers [5–11]. Among them, the use of a fiber Fabry-Perot filter increases the insertion loss of the cavity, and a Mach-Zehnder filter is sensitive to environmental changes due to the difference in the optical path lengths of the two arms. The Sagnac loop filter incorporating high birefringence fiber has the advantages of simple configuration and better stability compared with the filters based on Fabry-Perot and Mach-Zehnder interferometers.

In this paper, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a multi-wavelength fiber laser based on a Sagnac loop mirror using elliptical core side-hole fiber with elliptical or circular shape cladding. In addition, we demonstrate a tunable multi-wavelength fiber laser by thermally heating the elliptical core side-hole fiber in the Sagnac loop.

2. Experiments and results

To fabricate the elliptical core side-hole fiber, we used the MCVD process. Figure 1 shows the cross section of the fabricated side-hole fiber with an elliptical core. To fabricate the elliptical-shape fiber with elliptical core [Fig. 1(a)], it was fabricated by over-jacketing (19 X 25 tube) and collapsing after cutting both sides of preform [12]. The fiber was drawn at the temperature of 1930 °C. The relative index difference Δn (peak) was 0.02. The major/minor axes of the core and the side-hole diameter were 12 μm/6.6 μm and 20 ∼ 25 μm, respectively. To fabricate the circular-shape fiber with elliptical core [Fig. 1(b)], two holes of 5-mm diameter were drilled on both sides of the core in the preform [13]. The core with elliptical shape was made by partially collapsing the holes during fiber drawing at 2000 °C. The major/minor axes of the core and the side-hole diameter were 6.25 μm/3.8 μm and 18 μm, respectively. The relative index difference Δn (peak) was 0.018.

 

Fig. 1. The cross-section of fabricated elliptical core side-hole fiber with (a) an elliptical shape, (b) a circular shape.

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Generally, the wavelength separation between two transmission peaks of the Sagnac loop mirror’s output is given by Δλ=λ 2/BL (where B is the modal birefringence, L is the length of the elliptical core side-hole fiber, and λ is the operation wavelength) [14]. From the transmission spectrum of a Sagnac loop mirror as shown in Fig. 2, the modal birefringence (B) of the fabricated elliptical core side-hole fiber was 1.7×10-4 (elliptical shape, Δn=0.02) and 1.16×10-4 (circular shape, Δn=0.018), respectively.

 

Fig. 2. (a). The configuration of a Sagnac loop mirror, (b) the transmission spectra of elliptical core side-hole fiber with an elliptical shape (L=10 m, Δλ=1.4 nm), and a circular shape (L=26 m, Δλ=0.8 nm), respectively.

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Figure 3 shows the experimental setup of the proposed fiber laser. The input beam from two SOAs (or one SOA) is split into two counter-propagating beams by the 3 dB coupler, which recombine at the coupler after travelling through the fiber loop. Due to the large birefringence of the elliptical core side-hole fiber, the beams polarized along the fast axis and slow axis experience different optical path lengths. The channel spacing of the fiber laser is determined by the birefringent component only, which is the elliptical core side-hole fiber within the Sagnac loop mirror. The SOA1 and SOA2 (Alcatel, part no. 3CN00199CE) provided the peak small signal gain of 28.7 dB at 1550 nm with 0.5 dB polarization dependence when driven with 200 mA dc current. The laser output was taken from a 95:5 coupler, which provides 5 % for the output and 95 % for feedback to the cavity.

 

Fig. 3. The experimental setup for the multi-wavelength fiber laser.

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Fig. 4. The gain spectra of one SOA and two SOAs when injection current of SOA was 200 mA.

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To obtain the gain spectra, we used a broadband source, which had about -27 dBm output power at 1550 nm. As the injection current of SOA increased, the gain also increased. Figure 4 shows the gain spectra of one SOA and two SOAs, when injection current of SOA was 200 mA. The maximum gain was ∼23 dB (one SOA) and ∼35 dB (two SOAs), respectively. In case of two SOAs, the gain was higher than that of one SOA.

Due to the large birefringence of the fiber, the number of lasing wavelengths and the channel wavelengths were sensitive to the polarization controller setting. By carefully adjusting the polarization inside the cavity, we could obtain the maximum number of lasing wavelengths with one SOA or two SOAs driven with the injection current of 200 mA. In case of one SOA as shown in Figs. 5(a) and 5(c), the number of lasing wavelengths with less than 3 dB power variation among them was 8 for the elliptical shape and 12 for the circular shape, respectively. In case of two SOAs, which increased the number of lasing wavelengths and produced uniform and broad output power spectrum [15], the number of lasing wavelengths was 10 for the elliptical shape and 18 for the circular shape as shown in Figs. 5(b) and 5(d), respectively. The channel spacing was ∼1.4 nm and ∼0.8 nm (100 GHz at 1550 nm, i.e. WDM ITU-grid spacing) with SNR > 30 dB, respectively.

 

Fig. 5. The output spectra of the fiber laser. (i) elliptical shape (L=10 m, Δλ=1.4 nm): (a) one SOA, (b) two SOAs, (ii) circular shape (L=26 m, Δλ=0.8 nm): (c) one SOA, (d) two SOAs

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Fig. 6. Repeatedly scanned output spectra of the multi-wavelength fiber laser. (a) elliptical core side-hole fiber with an elliptical shape (L=10 m, Δλ=1.4 nm), and (b) a circular shape (L=26 m, Δλ=0.8 nm).

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Figure 6 shows the repeatedly scanned spectra of the multi-wavelength fiber laser output. A total of eight measurements were made at two minutes’ interval. The output power was rather stable and the temporal power fluctuation was less than 0.8 dB.

In the Sagnac loop mirror, the phase-shift sensitivity is given by the simple formula [16]:

1LdT=2πλB(1BdBdT+1LdLdT),

where ϕ=2πλBL is the phase difference, B is birefringence, T is temperature, λ is the X wavelength, and L is the length of PM side-hole fiber. In general, when the temperature is increased in the PM fiber region of the Sagnac loop, the resonance wavelengths of the Sagnac loop, which determine the resonance wavelength of multi-wavelength fiber laser, are shifted toward the shorter wavelength due to the decrease of birefringence of PM fiber [17]. In the Sagnac loop mirror, the temperature dependence of the resonance wavelengths is mainly determined by the characteristics and length of the PM fiber [18]. Figure 7 shows output spectra of the tunable multi-wavelength fiber. We could control almost up to π-phase wavelength shift at ΔT=5°C (elliptical shape, L=10 m, Δλ=1.4 nm) and ΔT=2°C (circular shape, L=26 m, Δλ=0.8 nm), respectively.

 

Fig. 7. Output spectra of the tunable multi-wavelength fiber laser: (a) an elliptical shape (L=10 m, Δλ=1.4 nm), and (b) a circular shape (L=26 m, Δλ=0.8 nm).

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3. Conclusion

In this work, we proposed and experimentally demonstrated a tunable multi-wavelength fiber laser based on a Sagnac loop mirror using elliptical core side-hole fiber. For experimental measurements, we fabricated different types of elliptical core side-hole fiber with elliptical or circular cladding shape. The modal birefringence (B) of the fabricated elliptical core side-hole fiber was 1.7×10-4 (elliptical shape, Δn=0.02) and 1.16×10-4 (circular shape, Δn=0.018), respectively. By carefully adjusting the polarization controller inside the cavity, we could obtain 18 discrete channels with SNR over 30 dB and channel spacing of 0.8 nm and 10 discrete channels with SNR over 30 dB and channel spacing of ∼1.4 nm, respectively. The proposed fiber laser was rather stable and the temporal power fluctuation was less than 0.8 dB. Moreover, by thermally heating the fiber in the Sagnac loop, we could tune the resonance wavelengths up to ∼π phase. The fiber laser proposed in this work will be very useful for applications in WDM systems, sensing, and instrument testing.

Acknowledgments

This work was performed under the partial support from the Second-Phase of the Brain Korea-21 Project, the Basic Program Project of KOSEF (Grant No. R01-2006-000-11088-0), and the Next-Generation Growth Engine Project of MOCIE.

References and links

1. H. Chen, “Multiwavelength fiber ring lasing by use of a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 30, 619–621 (2005). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

2. S. Roh, S. Chung, Y. W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, “Channel-spacing- and wavelength-tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser using semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302–2304 (2006). [CrossRef]  

3. D. S. Moon, Y. Chung, and Y. G. Han, “Multiwavelength fiber laser based on semiconductor optical amplifier and few-mode fiber gratings,” Opt. Eng. 46, 014202 (2007). [CrossRef]  

4. Y. G. Han, X. Dong, C. S. Kim, M. Y. Jeong, and J. H. Lee, “Flexible all fiber Fabry-Perot filters based on superimposed chirped fiber Bragg gratings with continuous FSR tunability and its application to a multiwavelength fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15, 2921–2926 (2007). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

5. N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, “24-Line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459–1461 (1996) [CrossRef]  

6. J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996). [CrossRef]  

7. D. S. Moon, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Multi-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser using few-mode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12, 6147–6152 (2004). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

8. X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, and C. C. Chan, “Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser with a continuously-tunable spacing,” Opt. Express 14, 3288–3293 (2006). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

9. X. Shu, S. Jiang, and D. Huang, “Fiber grating Sagnac loop and its multiwavelength laser application,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 980–982 (2000). [CrossRef]  

10. H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, “Multi-wavelength operation of an erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a dual-pass Mach-Zehnder comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 169, 159–165 (1999). [CrossRef]  

11. S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser using intracavity etalon and cooled by liquid nitrogen,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1298–1299 (1996). [CrossRef]  

12. D. S. Moon, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Polarization controlled multi-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser using fiber Bragg grating written in few-mode side-hole fiber with an elliptical core,” Opt. Express 13, 5574–5579 (2005). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

13. B. H. Kim, S. Moon, U. C. Paek, and W. T. Han, “All fiber polarimetric modulation using an electro-optic fiber with internal Pb-Sn electrodes,” Opt. Express 14, 11234–11241 (2006). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

14. C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, “Optical fiber modal birefringence measurement based on Lyot-Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269–271 (2003). [CrossRef]  

15. N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, and H. Avramopoulos, “SOA-based multi-wavelength laser sources,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 23, 263–274 (2004). [CrossRef]  

16. E. De la Rosa, L. A. Zenteno, A. N. Starodumov, and D. Monzon, “All-fiber absolute temperature sensor using an unbalanced high-birefringence Sagnac loop,” Opt. Lett. 22, 481–483 (1997). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

17. E. De L. Rosa-Cruz, F. Mendoza-Santoyo, A. N. Starodumov, and M. Pacheco, “Temperature-induced changes of sensitivity in the unbalanced Hi-Bi fiber Sagnac interferometer,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 18, 41–48 (1999). [CrossRef]  

18. D. H. Kim and J. U. Kang, “Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber with reduced temperature sensitivity,” Opt. Express 12, 4490–4495 (2004). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

References

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  • |
  • |

  1. H. Chen, “Multiwavelength fiber ring lasing by use of a semiconductor optical amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 30, 619–621 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. S. Roh, S. Chung, Y. W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, “Channel-spacing- and wavelength-tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser using semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302–2304 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. S. Moon, Y. Chung, and Y. G. Han, “Multiwavelength fiber laser based on semiconductor optical amplifier and few-mode fiber gratings,” Opt. Eng. 46, 014202 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. G. Han, X. Dong, C. S. Kim, M. Y. Jeong, and J. H. Lee, “Flexible all fiber Fabry-Perot filters based on superimposed chirped fiber Bragg gratings with continuous FSR tunability and its application to a multiwavelength fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15, 2921–2926 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, “24-Line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459–1461 (1996)
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  7. D. S. Moon, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Multi-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser using few-mode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12, 6147–6152 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, and C. C. Chan, “Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser with a continuously-tunable spacing,” Opt. Express 14, 3288–3293 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. X. Shu, S. Jiang, and D. Huang, “Fiber grating Sagnac loop and its multiwavelength laser application,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 980–982 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, “Multi-wavelength operation of an erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a dual-pass Mach-Zehnder comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 169, 159–165 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser using intracavity etalon and cooled by liquid nitrogen,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1298–1299 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  12. D. S. Moon, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Polarization controlled multi-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser using fiber Bragg grating written in few-mode side-hole fiber with an elliptical core,” Opt. Express 13, 5574–5579 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. B. H. Kim, S. Moon, U. C. Paek, and W. T. Han, “All fiber polarimetric modulation using an electro-optic fiber with internal Pb-Sn electrodes,” Opt. Express 14, 11234–11241 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, “Optical fiber modal birefringence measurement based on Lyot-Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269–271 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  15. N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, and H. Avramopoulos, “SOA-based multi-wavelength laser sources,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 23, 263–274 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  16. E. De la Rosa, L. A. Zenteno, A. N. Starodumov, and D. Monzon, “All-fiber absolute temperature sensor using an unbalanced high-birefringence Sagnac loop,” Opt. Lett. 22, 481–483 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. E. De L. Rosa-Cruz, F. Mendoza-Santoyo, A. N. Starodumov, and M. Pacheco, “Temperature-induced changes of sensitivity in the unbalanced Hi-Bi fiber Sagnac interferometer,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 18, 41–48 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  18. D. H. Kim and J. U. Kang, “Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber with reduced temperature sensitivity,” Opt. Express 12, 4490–4495 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, “Optical fiber modal birefringence measurement based on Lyot-Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269–271 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

X. Shu, S. Jiang, and D. Huang, “Fiber grating Sagnac loop and its multiwavelength laser application,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 980–982 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, “Multi-wavelength operation of an erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a dual-pass Mach-Zehnder comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 169, 159–165 (1999).
[Crossref]

E. De L. Rosa-Cruz, F. Mendoza-Santoyo, A. N. Starodumov, and M. Pacheco, “Temperature-induced changes of sensitivity in the unbalanced Hi-Bi fiber Sagnac interferometer,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 18, 41–48 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1996 (3)

S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser using intracavity etalon and cooled by liquid nitrogen,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1298–1299 (1996).
[Crossref]

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, “24-Line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459–1461 (1996)
[Crossref]

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
[Crossref]

An, H. L.

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, “Multi-wavelength operation of an erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a dual-pass Mach-Zehnder comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 169, 159–165 (1999).
[Crossref]

Avramopoulos, H.

N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, and H. Avramopoulos, “SOA-based multi-wavelength laser sources,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 23, 263–274 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bennion, I.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bintjas, C.

N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, and H. Avramopoulos, “SOA-based multi-wavelength laser sources,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 23, 263–274 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chan, C. C.

Chen, H.

Chow, J.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
[Crossref]

Chung, S.

S. Roh, S. Chung, Y. W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, “Channel-spacing- and wavelength-tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser using semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302–2304 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chung, Y.

D. S. Moon, Y. Chung, and Y. G. Han, “Multiwavelength fiber laser based on semiconductor optical amplifier and few-mode fiber gratings,” Opt. Eng. 46, 014202 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. S. Moon, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Polarization controlled multi-wavelength Er-doped fiber laser using fiber Bragg grating written in few-mode side-hole fiber with an elliptical core,” Opt. Express 13, 5574–5579 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Moon, U. C. Paek, and Y. Chung, “Multi-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser using few-mode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12, 6147–6152 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, “Optical fiber modal birefringence measurement based on Lyot-Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269–271 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dong, X.

Eggleton, B.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
[Crossref]

Han, W. T.

Han, Y. G.

D. S. Moon, Y. Chung, and Y. G. Han, “Multiwavelength fiber laser based on semiconductor optical amplifier and few-mode fiber gratings,” Opt. Eng. 46, 014202 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. G. Han, X. Dong, C. S. Kim, M. Y. Jeong, and J. H. Lee, “Flexible all fiber Fabry-Perot filters based on superimposed chirped fiber Bragg gratings with continuous FSR tunability and its application to a multiwavelength fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15, 2921–2926 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, “Optical fiber modal birefringence measurement based on Lyot-Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269–271 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hotate, K.

S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser using intracavity etalon and cooled by liquid nitrogen,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1298–1299 (1996).
[Crossref]

Houbavlis, T.

N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, and H. Avramopoulos, “SOA-based multi-wavelength laser sources,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 23, 263–274 (2004).
[Crossref]

Huang, D.

X. Shu, S. Jiang, and D. Huang, “Fiber grating Sagnac loop and its multiwavelength laser application,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 980–982 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ibsen, M.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jeong, M. Y.

Jiang, S.

X. Shu, S. Jiang, and D. Huang, “Fiber grating Sagnac loop and its multiwavelength laser application,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 980–982 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kang, J. U.

D. H. Kim and J. U. Kang, “Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber with reduced temperature sensitivity,” Opt. Express 12, 4490–4495 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, “Optical fiber modal birefringence measurement based on Lyot-Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269–271 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, B. H.

Kim, C. S.

Y. G. Han, X. Dong, C. S. Kim, M. Y. Jeong, and J. H. Lee, “Flexible all fiber Fabry-Perot filters based on superimposed chirped fiber Bragg gratings with continuous FSR tunability and its application to a multiwavelength fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15, 2921–2926 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, “Optical fiber modal birefringence measurement based on Lyot-Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269–271 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. H.

Lee, B.

S. Roh, S. Chung, Y. W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, “Channel-spacing- and wavelength-tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser using semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302–2304 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

Lee, Y. W.

S. Roh, S. Chung, Y. W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, “Channel-spacing- and wavelength-tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser using semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302–2304 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lin, X. Z.

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, “Multi-wavelength operation of an erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a dual-pass Mach-Zehnder comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 169, 159–165 (1999).
[Crossref]

Liu, H. D.

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, “Multi-wavelength operation of an erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a dual-pass Mach-Zehnder comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 169, 159–165 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mendoza-Santoyo, F.

E. De L. Rosa-Cruz, F. Mendoza-Santoyo, A. N. Starodumov, and M. Pacheco, “Temperature-induced changes of sensitivity in the unbalanced Hi-Bi fiber Sagnac interferometer,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 18, 41–48 (1999).
[Crossref]

Monzon, D.

Moon, D. S.

Moon, S.

Ngo, N. Q.

Pacheco, M.

E. De L. Rosa-Cruz, F. Mendoza-Santoyo, A. N. Starodumov, and M. Pacheco, “Temperature-induced changes of sensitivity in the unbalanced Hi-Bi fiber Sagnac interferometer,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 18, 41–48 (1999).
[Crossref]

Paek, U. C.

Park, N.

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, “24-Line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459–1461 (1996)
[Crossref]

Pleros, N.

N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, and H. Avramopoulos, “SOA-based multi-wavelength laser sources,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 23, 263–274 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pun, E. Y. B.

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, “Multi-wavelength operation of an erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a dual-pass Mach-Zehnder comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 169, 159–165 (1999).
[Crossref]

Roh, S.

S. Roh, S. Chung, Y. W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, “Channel-spacing- and wavelength-tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser using semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302–2304 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rosa, E. De la

Rosa-Cruz, E. De L.

E. De L. Rosa-Cruz, F. Mendoza-Santoyo, A. N. Starodumov, and M. Pacheco, “Temperature-induced changes of sensitivity in the unbalanced Hi-Bi fiber Sagnac interferometer,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 18, 41–48 (1999).
[Crossref]

Shu, X.

X. Shu, S. Jiang, and D. Huang, “Fiber grating Sagnac loop and its multiwavelength laser application,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 980–982 (2000).
[Crossref]

Shum, P.

Sova, R. M.

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, “Optical fiber modal birefringence measurement based on Lyot-Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269–271 (2003).
[Crossref]

Starodumov, A. N.

E. De L. Rosa-Cruz, F. Mendoza-Santoyo, A. N. Starodumov, and M. Pacheco, “Temperature-induced changes of sensitivity in the unbalanced Hi-Bi fiber Sagnac interferometer,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 18, 41–48 (1999).
[Crossref]

E. De la Rosa, L. A. Zenteno, A. N. Starodumov, and D. Monzon, “All-fiber absolute temperature sensor using an unbalanced high-birefringence Sagnac loop,” Opt. Lett. 22, 481–483 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sugden, K.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
[Crossref]

Theophilopoulos, G.

N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, and H. Avramopoulos, “SOA-based multi-wavelength laser sources,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 23, 263–274 (2004).
[Crossref]

Town, G.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
[Crossref]

Vlachos, K.

N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, and H. Avramopoulos, “SOA-based multi-wavelength laser sources,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 23, 263–274 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wysocki, P. F.

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, “24-Line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459–1461 (1996)
[Crossref]

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser using intracavity etalon and cooled by liquid nitrogen,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1298–1299 (1996).
[Crossref]

Yoon, I.

S. Roh, S. Chung, Y. W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, “Channel-spacing- and wavelength-tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser using semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302–2304 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zenteno, L. A.

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser using intracavity etalon and cooled by liquid nitrogen,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1298–1299 (1996).
[Crossref]

Fiber Integr. Opt. (2)

N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, and H. Avramopoulos, “SOA-based multi-wavelength laser sources,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 23, 263–274 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. De L. Rosa-Cruz, F. Mendoza-Santoyo, A. N. Starodumov, and M. Pacheco, “Temperature-induced changes of sensitivity in the unbalanced Hi-Bi fiber Sagnac interferometer,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 18, 41–48 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

C. S. Kim, Y. G. Han, R. M. Sova, U. C. Paek, Y. Chung, and J. U. Kang, “Optical fiber modal birefringence measurement based on Lyot-Sagnac interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 269–271 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, “24-Line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459–1461 (1996)
[Crossref]

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60–62 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. Roh, S. Chung, Y. W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, “Channel-spacing- and wavelength-tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser using semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302–2304 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Shu, S. Jiang, and D. Huang, “Fiber grating Sagnac loop and its multiwavelength laser application,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 980–982 (2000).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. L. An, X. Z. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. D. Liu, “Multi-wavelength operation of an erbium-doped fiber ring laser using a dual-pass Mach-Zehnder comb filter,” Opt. Commun. 169, 159–165 (1999).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

D. S. Moon, Y. Chung, and Y. G. Han, “Multiwavelength fiber laser based on semiconductor optical amplifier and few-mode fiber gratings,” Opt. Eng. 46, 014202 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. The cross-section of fabricated elliptical core side-hole fiber with (a) an elliptical shape, (b) a circular shape.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a). The configuration of a Sagnac loop mirror, (b) the transmission spectra of elliptical core side-hole fiber with an elliptical shape (L=10 m, Δλ=1.4 nm), and a circular shape (L=26 m, Δλ=0.8 nm), respectively.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. The experimental setup for the multi-wavelength fiber laser.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. The gain spectra of one SOA and two SOAs when injection current of SOA was 200 mA.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. The output spectra of the fiber laser. (i) elliptical shape (L=10 m, Δλ=1.4 nm): (a) one SOA, (b) two SOAs, (ii) circular shape (L=26 m, Δλ=0.8 nm): (c) one SOA, (d) two SOAs
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Repeatedly scanned output spectra of the multi-wavelength fiber laser. (a) elliptical core side-hole fiber with an elliptical shape (L=10 m, Δλ=1.4 nm), and (b) a circular shape (L=26 m, Δλ=0.8 nm).
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Output spectra of the tunable multi-wavelength fiber laser: (a) an elliptical shape (L=10 m, Δλ=1.4 nm), and (b) a circular shape (L=26 m, Δλ=0.8 nm).

Equations (1)

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1 L dT = 2 π λ B ( 1 B dB dT + 1 L dL dT ) ,

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