Abstract

We present, for the first time, an experimental demonstration of RIN noise transfer dampening at low frequencies in random distributed feedback ultralong Raman fibre lasers based on conventional telecommunication fibres. Furthermore, we present a thorough theoretical description of the phenomenon and demonstrate how our model can be used to predict the observed behaviour, identifying the general requirements for system improvement through RIN transfer reduction.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
More Like This
RIN transfer in random distributed feedback fiber lasers

J. Nuño, M. Alcon-Camas, and J.D. Ania-Castañón
Opt. Express 20(24) 27376-27381 (2012)

RIN transfer in 2nd-order distributed amplification with ultralong fiber lasers

Mercedes Alcón-Camas and Juan Diego Ania-Castañón
Opt. Express 18(23) 23569-23575 (2010)

Relative intensity noise transfer of large-bandwidth pump lasers in Raman fiber amplifiers

Kafing Keita, Philippe Delaye, Robert Frey, and Gérald Roosen
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12) 2479-2485 (2006)

References

  • View by:

  1. V. Letokhov, “Stimulated emission of an ensemble of scattering particles with negative absorption,” JETP Lett. 5(8), 212–215 (1967).
  2. V. Letokhov, “Generation of light by a scattering medium with negative resonance absorption,” Sov. Phys.-JETP 26(4), 835–840 (1968).
  3. N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22625 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  7. D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. Sigavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, and D. V. Churkin, “Narrow-band generation in random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16466–16472 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  9. D. Leandro, S. Rota-Rodrigo, D. Ardanaz, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Narrow-linewidth multi-wavelength random distributed feedback laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(17), 3591–3596 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  10. D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. Bravo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Internal modulation of a random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(9), 1542–1544 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  12. P. Rosa, S. T. Le, G. Rizzelli, M. Tan, and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Signal power asymmetry optimisation for optical phase conjugation using Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 23(25), 31772–31778 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. Nuño, M. Alcon-Camas, and J. D. Ania-Castañon, “RIN transfer in random distributed feedback fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27376–27381 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, F. Gallazzi, P. Rosa, M. Tan, J. D. Ania-Castañón, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Corredera, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, and P. Harper, “Impact of input FBG reflectivity and forward pump power on RIN transfer in ultralong Raman laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 24(25), 29170–29175 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Nuño and J.D. Ania-Castañón, in Proc. CLEO EU 2015, CJ_P_21
  16. S. Rota-Rodrigo, D. Leandro, G. Rizzelli, J. D. Ania-Castañón, G. Santarelli, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Experimental observation of anomalous RIN transfer in random distributed feedback Raman fiber lasers,” in Proc. CLEO EU CJ_P_78.
  17. B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  18. W. L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, J. M. Zhu, Z. X. Yang, Z. N. Wang, and X. H. Jia, “Low threshold 2nd-order random lasing of a fiber laser with a half-opened cavity,” Opt. Express 20(13), 14400–14405 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  19. H. Tünnermann, J. Neumann, D. Kracht, and P. Weßels, “Gain dynamics and refractive index changes in fiber amplifiers: a frequency domain approach,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13539–13550 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. Zhao, G. Guiraud, F. Floissat, B. Gouhier, S. Rota-Rodrigo, N. Traynor, and G. Santarelli, “Gain dynamics of clad-pumped Yb-fiber amplifier and intensity noise control,” Opt. Express 25(1), 357–366 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  21. S. Rota-Rodrigo, B. Gouhier, M. Laroche, J. Zhao, B. Canuel, A. Bertoldi, P. Bouyer, N. Traynor, B. Cadier, T. Robin, and G. Santarelli, “Watt-level single-frequency tunable neodymium MOPA fiber laser operating at 915-937 nm,” Opt. Lett. 42(21), 4557–4560 (2017).
    [Crossref]

2017 (2)

2016 (2)

2015 (3)

2013 (2)

2012 (3)

2010 (2)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

V. Letokhov, “Generation of light by a scattering medium with negative resonance absorption,” Sov. Phys.-JETP 26(4), 835–840 (1968).

1967 (1)

V. Letokhov, “Stimulated emission of an ensemble of scattering particles with negative absorption,” JETP Lett. 5(8), 212–215 (1967).

Alcon-Camas, M.

Ania-Castañon, J. D.

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, F. Gallazzi, P. Rosa, M. Tan, J. D. Ania-Castañón, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Corredera, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, and P. Harper, “Impact of input FBG reflectivity and forward pump power on RIN transfer in ultralong Raman laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 24(25), 29170–29175 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Rosa, S. T. Le, G. Rizzelli, M. Tan, and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Signal power asymmetry optimisation for optical phase conjugation using Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 23(25), 31772–31778 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Rota-Rodrigo, D. Leandro, G. Rizzelli, J. D. Ania-Castañón, G. Santarelli, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Experimental observation of anomalous RIN transfer in random distributed feedback Raman fiber lasers,” in Proc. CLEO EU CJ_P_78.

Ania-Castañón, J.D.

J. Nuño and J.D. Ania-Castañón, in Proc. CLEO EU 2015, CJ_P_21

Ardanaz, D.

Babin, S. A.

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22625 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bertoldi, A.

Bouyer, P.

Bravo, M.

Bristiel, B.

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cadier, B.

Canuel, B.

Churkin, D. V.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Sigavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, and D. V. Churkin, “Narrow-band generation in random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16466–16472 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Corredera, P.

El-Taher, A. E.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fernandez-Vallejo, M.

Floissat, F.

Forysiak, W.

Gallazzi, F.

Gallion, P.

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gomes, A. S. L.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Gouhier, B.

Guiraud, G.

Harper, P.

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, F. Gallazzi, P. Rosa, M. Tan, J. D. Ania-Castañón, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Corredera, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, and P. Harper, “Impact of input FBG reflectivity and forward pump power on RIN transfer in ultralong Raman laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 24(25), 29170–29175 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Iqbal, M. A.

Jia, X. H.

Jiang, S.

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kablukov, S. I.

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22625 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kracht, D.

Krzczanowicz, L.

Laroche, M.

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Le, S. T.

Leandro, D.

D. Leandro, S. Rota-Rodrigo, D. Ardanaz, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Narrow-linewidth multi-wavelength random distributed feedback laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(17), 3591–3596 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Rota-Rodrigo, D. Leandro, G. Rizzelli, J. D. Ania-Castañón, G. Santarelli, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Experimental observation of anomalous RIN transfer in random distributed feedback Raman fiber lasers,” in Proc. CLEO EU CJ_P_78.

Letokhov, V.

V. Letokhov, “Generation of light by a scattering medium with negative resonance absorption,” Sov. Phys.-JETP 26(4), 835–840 (1968).

V. Letokhov, “Stimulated emission of an ensemble of scattering particles with negative absorption,” JETP Lett. 5(8), 212–215 (1967).

Lopez-Amo, M.

D. Leandro, S. Rota-Rodrigo, D. Ardanaz, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Narrow-linewidth multi-wavelength random distributed feedback laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(17), 3591–3596 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Bravo, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Internal modulation of a random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 38(9), 1542–1544 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Rota-Rodrigo, D. Leandro, G. Rizzelli, J. D. Ania-Castañón, G. Santarelli, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Experimental observation of anomalous RIN transfer in random distributed feedback Raman fiber lasers,” in Proc. CLEO EU CJ_P_78.

Neumann, J.

Nuño, J.

Phillips, I.

Pincemin, E.

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

Podivilov, E.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Podivilov, E. V.

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22625 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rao, Y.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rao, Y. J.

Rizzelli, G.

Robin, T.

Rosa, P.

Rota-Rodrigo, S.

Santarelli, G.

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Shu, X.

Sigavanam, S.

Sugavanam, S.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tan, M.

Tarasov, N.

Traynor, N.

Tünnermann, H.

Turitsyn, S. K.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vatnik, I. D.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. N.

Weßels, P.

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. X.

Zhang, W. L.

Zhao, J.

Zhu, J. M.

Zlobina, E. A.

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22625 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

B. Bristiel, S. Jiang, P. Gallion, and E. Pincemin, “New model of noise figure and RIN transfer in fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(8), 980–982 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

JETP Lett. (1)

V. Letokhov, “Stimulated emission of an ensemble of scattering particles with negative absorption,” JETP Lett. 5(8), 212–215 (1967).

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368(6470), 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

S. Sigavanam, N. Tarasov, X. Shu, and D. V. Churkin, “Narrow-band generation in random distributed feedback fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16466–16472 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. L. Zhang, Y. J. Rao, J. M. Zhu, Z. X. Yang, Z. N. Wang, and X. H. Jia, “Low threshold 2nd-order random lasing of a fiber laser with a half-opened cavity,” Opt. Express 20(13), 14400–14405 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Tünnermann, J. Neumann, D. Kracht, and P. Weßels, “Gain dynamics and refractive index changes in fiber amplifiers: a frequency domain approach,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13539–13550 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, G. Guiraud, F. Floissat, B. Gouhier, S. Rota-Rodrigo, N. Traynor, and G. Santarelli, “Gain dynamics of clad-pumped Yb-fiber amplifier and intensity noise control,” Opt. Express 25(1), 357–366 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Rosa, S. T. Le, G. Rizzelli, M. Tan, and J. D. Ania-Castañón, “Signal power asymmetry optimisation for optical phase conjugation using Raman amplification,” Opt. Express 23(25), 31772–31778 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Nuño, M. Alcon-Camas, and J. D. Ania-Castañon, “RIN transfer in random distributed feedback fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27376–27381 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Rizzelli, M. A. Iqbal, F. Gallazzi, P. Rosa, M. Tan, J. D. Ania-Castañón, L. Krzczanowicz, P. Corredera, I. Phillips, W. Forysiak, and P. Harper, “Impact of input FBG reflectivity and forward pump power on RIN transfer in ultralong Raman laser amplifiers,” Opt. Express 24(25), 29170–29175 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castañón, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22625 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys.-JETP (1)

V. Letokhov, “Generation of light by a scattering medium with negative resonance absorption,” Sov. Phys.-JETP 26(4), 835–840 (1968).

Other (2)

J. Nuño and J.D. Ania-Castañón, in Proc. CLEO EU 2015, CJ_P_21

S. Rota-Rodrigo, D. Leandro, G. Rizzelli, J. D. Ania-Castañón, G. Santarelli, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Experimental observation of anomalous RIN transfer in random distributed feedback Raman fiber lasers,” in Proc. CLEO EU CJ_P_78.

Cited By

Optica participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from Optica Publishing Group journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Schematic depictions of the three RDFL configurations under consideration.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) RIN Transfer for different random laser pumping at 2.3 W for different RDFL configurations. (b) RIN transfer vs. pump power and frequency for the mirrorless case and (c) RIN transfer vs. pump power for the case with a 20% reflectivity reflector at 1550 nm (right)
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Schematic of the RDFL setup
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Measured (black) and simulated (red) RIN transfer curves for the 25 km TrueWave fiber configuration.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Measured (black) and simulated (red) RIN transfer curves for the 50 km SMF configuration.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Measured (black) and simulated (red) RIN transfer curves for the 2.4 km DCF configuration.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Comparison between the co-propagating (red) and counter-propagating (blue) RIN transfer functions in the 50 km SMF case. (b) Contribution of different effects to the RIN transfer function in t 50 km SMF configuration.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. System characteristics.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d P P ± d z = α P P P ± ν P ν S 1 g 1 ( P S 1 + + P S 1 + 4 h ν S 1 Δ ν S 1 ( 1 + 1 e h ( ν P ν S 1 ) / K B T 1 ) ) P P ± ± ε P P P
d P S 1 ± d z = α S 1 P S 1 ± ν S 1 ν S 2 g 2 ( P S 2 + + P S 2 + 4 h ν S 2 Δ ν S 2 ( 1 + 1 e h ( ν S 1 ν S 2 ) / K B T 1 ) ) P S 1 ± ± g 1 ( P S 1 ± + 2 h ν S 1 Δ ν S 1 ( 1 + 1 e h ( ν P ν S 1 ) / K B T 1 ) ) ( P P + + P P ) ± ε S 1 P S 1
d P S 2 ± d z = α S 2 P S 2 ± ± g 2 ( P S 2 ± + 2 h ν S 2 Δ ν S 2 ( 1 + 1 e h ( ν S 1 ν S 2 ) / K B T 1 ) ) ( P S 1 + + P S 2 ) ± ε S 2 P S 2
d n P ± d z + i d P ± ω n P ± = α P n P ± ν P ν S 1 g 1 ( n S 1 + + n S 1 ) P P ± ν P ν S 1 g 1 ( P S 1 + + P S 1 ) n P ± ± ε P n P
d n S 1 ± d z + i d S 1 ± ω n S 1 ± = α S 1 n S 1 ± ν S 1 ν S 2 g 2 ( n S 2 + + n S 2 ) P S 1 ± ν S 1 ν S 2 g 2 ( P S 2 + + P S 2 ) n S 1 ± ± g 1 ( n P + + n P ) P S 1 ± ± g 1 ( P P + + P P ) n S 1 ± ± ε S 1 n S 1
d n S 2 ± d z + i d S 2 ± ω n S 2 ± = α S 2 n S 2 ± ± g 2 ( n S 1 + + n S 1 ) P S 2 ± ± g 2 ( P S 1 + + P S 1 ) n S 2 ± ± ε S 2 n S 2
H R I N ( ω ) = | n S 1 ( ω ) 2 P S 1 2 R I N i n 2 |

Metrics