Abstract

A simple and very fast method for reconstruction of temporal structure of linearly polarized FEL pulses from the THz streaking spectra of photoelectrons is suggested. The method is based on a quantum mechanical approach within the strong-field approximation. The method is suitable for online retrieval of the temporal characteristics of the FEL pulses. It can be applied for any photon frequency in a broad range of FEL pulse duration with a proper selection of the streaking field. To enhance its accuracy, it is suggested to simultaneously analyze the streaking spectra for several emission angles.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  17. L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1965).
  18. A. K. Kazansky, I. P. Sazhina, and N. M. Kabachnik, “Angle-resolved electron spectra in short-pulse two-color XUV+IR photoionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033420 (2010).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  20. R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

2018 (6)

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, M. Brachmanski, and S. Düsterer, “FLASH free electron laser single-shot temporal diagnostic: terahertz-field-driven streaking,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 25, 26–31 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Li, Z. Guo, R. N. Coffee, K. Hegazy, Z. Huang, A. Natan, T. Osipov, D. Ray, A. Marinelli, and J. P. Cryan, “Characterizing isolated attosecond pulses with angular streaking,” Opt. Express 26, 4531–4547 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Gaumnitz, A. Jain, and H. J. Wörner, “Complete reconstruction of ultra-broadband isolated attosecond pulses including partial averaging over the angular distribution,” Opt. Express,  26, 14719–14740 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (2)

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

C. Bostedt, S. Boutet, D. M. Fritz, Z. Huang, H. J. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, and G. J. Williams, “Linac coherent light source: the first five years,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 88, 015007 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

J. Feldhaus, M. Krikunova, M. Meyer, Th. Möller, R. Moshammer, A. Rudenko, Th. Tschentscher, and J. Ullrich, “AMO science at the FLASH and European XFEL free electron laser facilities,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 164002 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

U. Frühling, “Light field streaking for FELs,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44, 243001 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

A. K. Kazansky, I. P. Sazhina, and N. M. Kabachnik, “Angle-resolved electron spectra in short-pulse two-color XUV+IR photoionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033420 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3, 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, and P. B. Corkum, “Method for measuring attosecond X-ray pulses with a strong laser field,” Laser Phys. 14, 344–353 (2004).

2002 (1)

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, M. Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1965 (1)

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1965).

Assmann, R.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Azima, A.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Becker, O.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Behrens, C.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Benko, C.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bermudez, I.

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

Bödewadt, J.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bostedt, C.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Bostedt, S. Boutet, D. M. Fritz, Z. Huang, H. J. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, and G. J. Williams, “Linac coherent light source: the first five years,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 88, 015007 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Boutet, S.

C. Bostedt, S. Boutet, D. M. Fritz, Z. Huang, H. J. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, and G. J. Williams, “Linac coherent light source: the first five years,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 88, 015007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bozek, J.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bozek, J. D.

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brachmanski, M.

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, M. Brachmanski, and S. Düsterer, “FLASH free electron laser single-shot temporal diagnostic: terahertz-field-driven streaking,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 25, 26–31 (2018).
[Crossref]

Brenner, G.

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, M. Brachmanski, and S. Düsterer, “FLASH free electron laser single-shot temporal diagnostic: terahertz-field-driven streaking,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 25, 26–31 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

Bromberger, H.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

Buck, J.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Budzyn, F.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3, 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Callegari, C.

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cavalieri, A. L.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Clarke, J. A.

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coffee, R.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Coffee, R. N.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Li, Z. Guo, R. N. Coffee, K. Hegazy, Z. Huang, A. Natan, T. Osipov, D. Ray, A. Marinelli, and J. P. Cryan, “Characterizing isolated attosecond pulses with angular streaking,” Opt. Express 26, 4531–4547 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, and P. B. Corkum, “Method for measuring attosecond X-ray pulses with a strong laser field,” Laser Phys. 14, 344–353 (2004).

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, M. Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Costello, J. T.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cryan, J. P.

Cubaynes, D.

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

DiMauro, L. F.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ding, Y.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

Doumy, G.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Drescher, M.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3, 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

Düesterer, S.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dunning, D. J.

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Düsterer, S.

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, M. Brachmanski, and S. Düsterer, “FLASH free electron laser single-shot temporal diagnostic: terahertz-field-driven streaking,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 25, 26–31 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

Dziarzhytski, S.

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

Ekanayake, N.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Feldhaus, J.

J. Feldhaus, M. Krikunova, M. Meyer, Th. Möller, R. Moshammer, A. Rudenko, Th. Tschentscher, and J. Ullrich, “AMO science at the FLASH and European XFEL free electron laser facilities,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 164002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Feurer, T.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fritz, D. M.

C. Bostedt, S. Boutet, D. M. Fritz, Z. Huang, H. J. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, and G. J. Williams, “Linac coherent light source: the first five years,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 88, 015007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Frühling, U.

U. Frühling, “Light field streaking for FELs,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44, 243001 (2011).
[Crossref]

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3, 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

Gagnon, J.

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gaumnitz, T.

Gebert, T.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3, 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gensch, M.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3, 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Grguraš, I.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Grimm, O.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3, 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Grüner, F.

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grünert, J.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z.

Hartl, I.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hartmann, G.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hartmann, N.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hegazy, K.

Heider, R.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Helml, W.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, M. C

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, M. C.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, Z.

S. Li, Z. Guo, R. N. Coffee, K. Hegazy, Z. Huang, A. Natan, T. Osipov, D. Ray, A. Marinelli, and J. P. Cryan, “Characterizing isolated attosecond pulses with angular streaking,” Opt. Express 26, 4531–4547 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Bostedt, S. Boutet, D. M. Fritz, Z. Huang, H. J. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, and G. J. Williams, “Linac coherent light source: the first five years,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 88, 015007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ilchen, M.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

Itatani, J.

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, and P. B. Corkum, “Method for measuring attosecond X-ray pulses with a strong laser field,” Laser Phys. 14, 344–353 (2004).

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, M. Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ivanov, R.

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, M. Brachmanski, and S. Düsterer, “FLASH free electron laser single-shot temporal diagnostic: terahertz-field-driven streaking,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 25, 26–31 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

Jain, A.

Juranic, P. N.

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kabachnik, N. M.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. K. Kazansky, I. P. Sazhina, and N. M. Kabachnik, “Angle-resolved electron spectra in short-pulse two-color XUV+IR photoionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033420 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

Kalms, R.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3, 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kasansky, A. K.

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

Kazansky, A. K.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. K. Kazansky, I. P. Sazhina, and N. M. Kabachnik, “Angle-resolved electron spectra in short-pulse two-color XUV+IR photoionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033420 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kazemi, M. M.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Keldysh, L. V.

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1965).

Kelly, T. J.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kienberger, R.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Krausz, F.

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, M. Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krikunova, M.

J. Feldhaus, M. Krikunova, M. Meyer, Th. Möller, R. Moshammer, A. Rudenko, Th. Tschentscher, and J. Ullrich, “AMO science at the FLASH and European XFEL free electron laser facilities,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 164002 (2013).
[Crossref]

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3, 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Krzywinski, J.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kurdi, G.

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

Laarmann, T.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lazzarino, L. L.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lechner, C.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. J.

C. Bostedt, S. Boutet, D. M. Fritz, Z. Huang, H. J. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, and G. J. Williams, “Linac coherent light source: the first five years,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 88, 015007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lemke, H. T.

C. Bostedt, S. Boutet, D. M. Fritz, Z. Huang, H. J. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, and G. J. Williams, “Linac coherent light source: the first five years,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 88, 015007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, S.

Lindahl, A. O.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, M. Brachmanski, and S. Düsterer, “FLASH free electron laser single-shot temporal diagnostic: terahertz-field-driven streaking,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 25, 26–31 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

Lutman, A. A.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Maier, A. R.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Maltezopoulos, T.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Manschwetus, B.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Marinelli, A.

S. Li, Z. Guo, R. N. Coffee, K. Hegazy, Z. Huang, A. Natan, T. Osipov, D. Ray, A. Marinelli, and J. P. Cryan, “Characterizing isolated attosecond pulses with angular streaking,” Opt. Express 26, 4531–4547 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Masciovecchio, C.

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maxwell, T.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Mazza, T.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Messerschmidt, M.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meyer, M.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Feldhaus, M. Krikunova, M. Meyer, Th. Möller, R. Moshammer, A. Rudenko, Th. Tschentscher, and J. Ullrich, “AMO science at the FLASH and European XFEL free electron laser facilities,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 164002 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Miahnahri, A. A.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Milne, C. J.

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miltchev, V.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Moeller, S. P.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Möller, Th.

J. Feldhaus, M. Krikunova, M. Meyer, Th. Möller, R. Moshammer, A. Rudenko, Th. Tschentscher, and J. Ullrich, “AMO science at the FLASH and European XFEL free electron laser facilities,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 164002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Moshammer, R.

J. Feldhaus, M. Krikunova, M. Meyer, Th. Möller, R. Moshammer, A. Rudenko, Th. Tschentscher, and J. Ullrich, “AMO science at the FLASH and European XFEL free electron laser facilities,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 164002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Müller, J.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Natan, A.

Osipov, T.

Parmigiani, F.

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Patthey, L.

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

Planas, M.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Plath, T.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Plönjes, E.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3, 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Przystawik, A.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Quéré, F.

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, and P. B. Corkum, “Method for measuring attosecond X-ray pulses with a strong laser field,” Laser Phys. 14, 344–353 (2004).

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, M. Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Radcliffe, P.

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ray, D.

Robert, A.

C. Bostedt, S. Boutet, D. M. Fritz, Z. Huang, H. J. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, and G. J. Williams, “Linac coherent light source: the first five years,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 88, 015007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Robinson, J.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Roedig, C.

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Roensch-Schulenburg, J.

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

Rossbach, J.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3, 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rudenko, A.

J. Feldhaus, M. Krikunova, M. Meyer, Th. Möller, R. Moshammer, A. Rudenko, Th. Tschentscher, and J. Ullrich, “AMO science at the FLASH and European XFEL free electron laser facilities,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 164002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rugg, D.

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sazhina, I. P.

A. K. Kazansky, I. P. Sazhina, and N. M. Kabachnik, “Angle-resolved electron spectra in short-pulse two-color XUV+IR photoionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033420 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

Schlarb, H.

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schlotter, W. F.

C. Bostedt, S. Boutet, D. M. Fritz, Z. Huang, H. J. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, and G. J. Williams, “Linac coherent light source: the first five years,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 88, 015007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Schorb, S.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schütte, B.

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3, 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schweinberger, W.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

Seddon, E. A.

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spence, J. C. H.

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thompson, N. R.

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tschentscher, Th.

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Feldhaus, M. Krikunova, M. Meyer, Th. Möller, R. Moshammer, A. Rudenko, Th. Tschentscher, and J. Ullrich, “AMO science at the FLASH and European XFEL free electron laser facilities,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 164002 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

Turner, J. J.

C. Bostedt, S. Boutet, D. M. Fritz, Z. Huang, H. J. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, and G. J. Williams, “Linac coherent light source: the first five years,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 88, 015007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ullrich, J.

J. Feldhaus, M. Krikunova, M. Meyer, Th. Möller, R. Moshammer, A. Rudenko, Th. Tschentscher, and J. Ullrich, “AMO science at the FLASH and European XFEL free electron laser facilities,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 164002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Viefhaus, J.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Vinko, S. M.

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wagner, M. S.

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wark, J. S.

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wenig, K.

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

Wieland, M.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3, 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

Williams, G. J.

C. Bostedt, S. Boutet, D. M. Fritz, Z. Huang, H. J. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, and G. J. Williams, “Linac coherent light source: the first five years,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 88, 015007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wörner, H. J.

Wurth, W.

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu. Ivanov, M.

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, M. Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yudin, G. L.

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, and P. B. Corkum, “Method for measuring attosecond X-ray pulses with a strong laser field,” Laser Phys. 14, 344–353 (2004).

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, M. Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, K.

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Sci. (1)

W. Helml, I. Grguraš, P. N. Juranić, S. Düsterer, T. Mazza, A. R. Maier, N. Hartmann, M. Ilchen, G. Hartmann, L. Patthey, C. Callegari, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. N. Coffee, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Ultrashort free-electron laser X-ray pulses,” Appl. Sci. 7, 915–955 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (2)

J. Feldhaus, M. Krikunova, M. Meyer, Th. Möller, R. Moshammer, A. Rudenko, Th. Tschentscher, and J. Ullrich, “AMO science at the FLASH and European XFEL free electron laser facilities,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 164002 (2013).
[Crossref]

U. Frühling, “Light field streaking for FELs,” J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44, 243001 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Synchrotron Rad. (1)

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, M. Brachmanski, and S. Düsterer, “FLASH free electron laser single-shot temporal diagnostic: terahertz-field-driven streaking,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 25, 26–31 (2018).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, and P. B. Corkum, “Method for measuring attosecond X-ray pulses with a strong laser field,” Laser Phys. 14, 344–353 (2004).

Nat. Photonics (4)

U. Frühling, M. Wieland, M. Gensch, T. Gebert, B. Schütte, M. Krikunova, R. Kalms, F. Budzyn, O. Grimm, J. Rossbach, E. Plönjes, and M. Drescher, “Single-shot terahertz-field-driven X-ray streak camera,” Nat. Photonics 3, 523–528 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. Grguraš, A. R. Maier, C. Behrens, T. Mazza, T. J. Kelly, P. Radcliffe, S. Düesterer, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, M. C. Hoffmann, H. Schlarb, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Ultrafast X-ray pulse characterization at free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 852–857 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Helml, A. R. Maier, W. Schweinberger, I. Grguraš, P. Radcliffe, G. Doumy, C. Roedig, J. Gagnon, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, C. Bostedt, F. Grüner, L. F. DiMauro, D. Cubaynes, J. D. Bozek, Th. Tschentscher, J. T. Costello, M. Meyer, R. Coffee, S. Düsterer, A. L. Cavalieri, and R. Kienberger, “Measuring the temporal structure of few-femtosecond free-electron laser X-ray pulses directly in the time domain,” Nat. Photonics 8, 950–957 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Hartmann, G. Hartmann, R. Heider, M. S. Wagner, M. Ilchen, J. Buck, A. O. Lindahl, C. Benko, J. Grünert, J. Krzywinski, J. Liu, A. A. Lutman, A. Marinelli, T. Maxwell, A. A. Miahnahri, S. P. Moeller, M. Planas, J. Robinson, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, J. Viefhaus, T. Feurer, R. Kienberger, R. N. Coffee, and W. Helml, “Attosecond time-energy structure of X-ray free-electron laser pulses,” Nat. Photonics 12, 215–220 (2018).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (2)

M. C Hoffmann, I. Grguraš, C. Behrens, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, H. Bromberger, R. Coffee, J. T. Costello, L. F. DiMauro, Y. Ding, G. Doumy, W. Helml, M. Ilchen, R. Kienberger, S. Lee, A. R. Maier, T. Mazza, M. Meyer, M. Messerschmidt, S. Schorb, W. Schweinberger, K. Zhang, and A. L. Cavalieri, “Femtosecond profiling of shaped X-ray pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 033008 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Azima, J. Bödewadt, O. Becker, S. Düsterer, N. Ekanayake, R. Ivanov, M. M. Kazemi, L. L. Lazzarino, C. Lechner, T. Maltezopoulos, B. Manschwetus, V. Miltchev, J. Müller, T. Plath, A. Przystawik, M. Wieland, R. Assmann, I. Hartl, T. Laarmann, J. Rossbach, W. Wurth, and M. Drescher, “Direct measurement of the pulse duration and frequency chirp of seeded XUV free electron laser pulses,” New J. Phys. 20, 013010 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. K. Kazansky, I. P. Sazhina, and N. M. Kabachnik, “Angle-resolved electron spectra in short-pulse two-color XUV+IR photoionization of atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033420 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, M. Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

E. A. Seddon, J. A. Clarke, D. J. Dunning, C. Masciovecchio, C. J. Milne, F. Parmigiani, D. Rugg, J. C. H. Spence, N. R. Thompson, K. Ueda, S. M. Vinko, J. S. Wark, and W. Wurth, “Short-wavelength free-electron laser sources and science: a review,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 80, 115901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

C. Bostedt, S. Boutet, D. M. Fritz, Z. Huang, H. J. Lee, H. T. Lemke, A. Robert, W. F. Schlotter, J. J. Turner, and G. J. Williams, “Linac coherent light source: the first five years,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 88, 015007 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1965).

Other (2)

U. Becker and D. Shirley, eds., VUV and Soft X-Ray Photoionization (Plenum, 1996).
[Crossref]

R. Ivanov, J. Liu, G. Brenner, I. Bermudez, J. Roensch-Schulenburg, S. Dziarzhytski, G. Kurdi, U. Frühling, K. Wenig, M. Drescher, N. M. Kabachnik, I. P. Sazhina, A. K. Kasansky, and S. Düsterer, “Single-shot temporal characterization of XUV pulses with duration from sub 15 fs to 350 fs at FLASH,” (to be submitted).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Model THz electric field in kV/cm as a function of time in fs. (b) The corresponding vector potential of the THz field in atomic units as a function of time (black curve). Red dashed curve shows the XUV pulse in arbitrary units.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 An imitation of the FEL pulse used as an example. Black circles show the pulse calculated using Eq. (11) with parameters (in atomic units) a1 = 1.5, a2 = 1.7, a3 = 2.3, b1 = 7.0 × 106, b2 = b3 = 4.0 × 106, t1 = 10.5 × 103, t2 = 6.0 × 103, t3 = 15.0 × 103. Red curve is a pulse retrieved from the four spectra shown in Fig. 3. The four retrieved pulses coincide with the accuracy of the line width.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The electron spectra calculated for different emission angles. The electrons are produced in photoionization by the XUV pulse shown in Fig. 2 assisted by the THz field shown in Fig 1. The curve numbers correspond to the following emission angles: 1: θ = 0; 2: θ = π/6; 3: θ = π/4; 4: θ = π/3.

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E = E 0 + q A THz ( t ) cos θ + ( A THz ( t ) ) 2
d σ ( E , θ ) d E d θ = m 0 | d t 𝒠 ˜ XUV ( t ) 𝒝 l 0 , m 0 ( q A THz ( t ) ) × exp ( i 2 [ t [ ( q cos θ A THz ( t ) ) 2 + q 2 sin 2 θ q 0 2 ] d t ] ) | 2
( q cos θ A THz ( t s ) ) 2 + q 2 sin 2 θ q 0 2 = 0 .
q = A THz ( t s ) cos θ + q 0 2 A THz ( t s ) 2 sin 2 θ .
d σ ( E , θ ) d E d θ = m 0 2 π 𝒠 XUV 2 ( t s ) E THz ( t s ) q 0 2 2 E sin 2 θ | 𝒝 l 0 , m 0 ( q A THz ( t s ) ) | 2 = 2 π 𝒠 XUV 2 ( t s ) E THz ( t s ) q 0 2 2 E sin 2 θ d σ ( 0 ) ( E ˜ , θ ˜ ) d E d θ ,
E ˜ = 1 2 | q A THz ( t s ) | 2 ,
θ ˜ = arccos ( cos θ A THz ( t s ) / q ) .
d σ ( 0 ) ( E ˜ s , θ ˜ s ) d Ω = σ l 0 ( 0 ) ( E ˜ s ) 4 π ( 1 + β ( E ˜ s ) P 2 ( cos θ ˜ s ) ) .
XUV 2 ( t s ) = E THz ( t s ) q 0 2 2 E sin 2 θ 2 π d σ ( E , θ ) d E d θ [ d σ 0 ( E ˜ , θ ˜ ) d E d θ ] 1 .
A THz ( t ) = α ( t t 1 ) ( t t 2 ) 1 + β ( t t 0 ) 4 .
XUV ( t ) = i = 1 3 a i exp [ ( t + t i ) 2 / b i ] .

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