Abstract

We present a generic approach for the generation of pseudo non-diffracting Bessel beams using polarization insensitive metasurfaces with high efficiency. Cascaded unit cells, which are fully symmetric, are designed for the complete 2π phase control in the transmission mode. Based on the topological arrangements of such unit cells, two metasurfaces for the generation of zero-order (i.e., single phase profile) and first-order (i.e., merger of two distinct phase profiles) Bessel beams are designed and characterized. Both numerical simulations and experimental measurements are in agreement with each other, confirming the electromagnetic characteristics of the reported Bessel beams. Owing to the isotropy of the unit cells and the rotational symmetry of the arrangements, the proposed metasurfaces are polarization insensitive, providing a promising avenue for achieving such wave manipulations with any linear or circular polarization.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  48. S. Jiang, C. Chen, H. Zhang, and W. Chen, “Achromatic electromagnetic metasurface for generating a vortex wave with orbital angular momentum (oam),” Opt. Express 26, 6466–6477 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2019 (3)

Y. Yuan, K. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “Complementary transmissive ultra-thin meta-deflectors for broadband polarization-independent refractions in the microwave region,” Photonics Res. 7, 80–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

H.-X. Xu, G. Hu, Y. Li, L. Han, J. Zhao, Y. Sun, F. Yuan, G.-M. Wang, Z. H. Jiang, X. Ling, and et al., “Interference-assisted kaleidoscopic meta-plexer for arbitrary spin-wavefront manipulation,” Light. Sci. & Appl. 8, 3 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Tang, X. Li, W. Pan, J. Zhou, T. Jiang, and F. Ding, “High-efficiency broadband vortex beam generator based on transmissive metasurface,” Opt. Express 27, 4281–4291 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (3)

2017 (8)

S. Yu, L. Li, and N. Kou, “Generation, reception and separation of mixed-state orbital angular momentum vortex beams using metasurfaces,” Opt. Mater. Express 7, 3312–3321 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Kang, H.-T. Wang, and W. Zhu, “Wavefront manipulation with a dipolar metasurface under coherent control,” J. Appl. Phys. 122, 013105 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Arbabi and A. Faraon, “Fundamental limits of ultrathin metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 7, 43722 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Mazzinghi and A. Freni, “Simultaneous generation of pseudo-Bessel vortex modes with a RLSA,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 1747–1750 (2017).

D. Comite, W. Fuscaldo, S. C. Pavone, G. Valerio, M. Ettorre, M. Albani, and A. Galli, “Propagation of nondiffracting pulses carrying orbital angular momentum at microwave frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 114102 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. L. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Shao, “Ultrathin complementary metasurface for orbital angular momentum generation at microwave frequencies,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65, 396–400 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Yuan, Y. Zhou, R. Chen, and Y. Ma, “Photonic spin Hall effect with controlled transmission by metasurfaces,” Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 56, 110311 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. T. Chen, M. Khorasaninejad, A. Y. Zhu, J. Oh, R. C. Devlin, A. Zaidi, and F. Capasso, “Generation of wavelength-independent subwavelength Bessel beams using metasurfaces,” Light. Sci. Appl. 6, e16259 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (4)

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Y. Zhu, C. Roques-Carmes, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, I. Mishra, R. C. Devlin, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-insensitive metalenses at visible wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 16, 7229–7234 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Rui, J. Chen, X. Wang, B. Gu, Y. Cui, and Q. Zhan, “Synthesis of focused beam with controllable arbitrary homogeneous polarization using engineered vectorial optical fields,” Opt. Express 24, 23667–23676 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Liu, Y. Bai, Q. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Chen, J. Zhou, and L. Qiao, “Fully controllable Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface array with high conversion efficiency and broad bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34819 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Sha, “Artificial perfect electric conductor-perfect magnetic conductor anisotropic metasurface for generating orbital angular momentum of microwave with nearly perfect conversion efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 064506 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

J. P. Wong, M. Selvanayagam, and G. V. Eleftheriades, “Polarization considerations for scalar huygens metasurfaces and characterization for 2-d refraction,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 63, 913–924 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Rui, X. Wang, and Y. Cui, “Manipulation of metallic nanoparticle with evanescent vortex Bessel beam,” Opt. Express 23, 25707–25716 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1102–1108 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

A. Mazzinghi, M. Balma, D. Devona, G. Guarnieri, G. Mauriello, M. Albani, and A. Freni, “Large depth of field pseudo-Bessel beam generation with a RLSA antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 62, 3911–3919 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Cheng, D. Ansari-Oghol-Beig, and H. Mosallaei, “Wave manipulation with designer dielectric metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6285–6288 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Controlling vector Bessel beams with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 2, 044012 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (6)

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Cascaded metasurfaces for complete phase and polarization control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 231116 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Blanco, J. L. Gómez-Tornero, E. Rajo-Iglesias, and N. Llombart, “Holographic surface leaky-wave lenses with circularly-polarized focused near-fields — Part II: Experiments and description of frequency steering of focal length,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61, 3486–3494 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Metamaterial Huygens surfaces: Tailoring wave fronts with reflectionless sheets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 197401 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Monticone, N. M. Estakhri, and A. Alù, “Full control of nanoscale optical transmission with a composite metascreen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 203903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

M. Duocastella and C. B. Arnold, “Bessel and annular beams for materials processing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 607–621 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. F. Imani and A. Grbic, “Generating evanescent Bessel beams using near-field plates,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 60, 3155–3164 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Ettorre and A. Grbic, “Generation of propagating Bessel beams using leaky-wave modes,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 60, 3605–3613 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Novitsky, C.-W. Qiu, and H. Wang, “Single gradientless light beam drags particles as tractor beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203601 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

F. O. Fahrbach, P. Simon, and A. Rohrbach, “Microscopy with self-reconstructing beams,” Nat. Photon. 4, 780 (2010).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lonnqvist, J. Saily, J. Hakli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Raisanen, “Millimetre-wave Bessel beams using computer holograms,” Electron. Lett. 37, 834–835 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

S. Monk, J. Arlt, D. Robertson, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “The generation of Bessel beams at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 170, 213–215 (1999).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

Aieta, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Akram, M. R.

M. R. Akram, C. He, X. Liang, J. Geng, R. Jin, and W. Zhu, “Polarization-insensitive metasurfaces for generating converging vortex beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” in 2018 IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on Antennas and Propagation (APCAP), (2018), pp. 478–479.
[Crossref]

Ala-Laurinaho, J.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lonnqvist, J. Saily, J. Hakli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Raisanen, “Millimetre-wave Bessel beams using computer holograms,” Electron. Lett. 37, 834–835 (2001).
[Crossref]

Albani, M.

D. Comite, W. Fuscaldo, S. C. Pavone, G. Valerio, M. Ettorre, M. Albani, and A. Galli, “Propagation of nondiffracting pulses carrying orbital angular momentum at microwave frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 114102 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Mazzinghi, M. Balma, D. Devona, G. Guarnieri, G. Mauriello, M. Albani, and A. Freni, “Large depth of field pseudo-Bessel beam generation with a RLSA antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 62, 3911–3919 (2014).
[Crossref]

Alù, A.

F. Monticone, N. M. Estakhri, and A. Alù, “Full control of nanoscale optical transmission with a composite metascreen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 203903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ansari-Oghol-Beig, D.

Arbabi, A.

A. Arbabi and A. Faraon, “Fundamental limits of ultrathin metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 7, 43722 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arlt, J.

S. Monk, J. Arlt, D. Robertson, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “The generation of Bessel beams at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 170, 213–215 (1999).
[Crossref]

Arnold, C. B.

M. Duocastella and C. B. Arnold, “Bessel and annular beams for materials processing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 607–621 (2012).
[Crossref]

Azad, A. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, Y.

C. Liu, Y. Bai, Q. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Chen, J. Zhou, and L. Qiao, “Fully controllable Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface array with high conversion efficiency and broad bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34819 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balma, M.

A. Mazzinghi, M. Balma, D. Devona, G. Guarnieri, G. Mauriello, M. Albani, and A. Freni, “Large depth of field pseudo-Bessel beam generation with a RLSA antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 62, 3911–3919 (2014).
[Crossref]

Blanco, D.

D. Blanco, J. L. Gómez-Tornero, E. Rajo-Iglesias, and N. Llombart, “Holographic surface leaky-wave lenses with circularly-polarized focused near-fields — Part II: Experiments and description of frequency steering of focal length,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61, 3486–3494 (2013).
[Crossref]

Borgia, A.

S. Costanzo, G. D. Massa, A. Borgia, A. Raffo, T. W. Versloot, and L. Summerer, “Microwave Bessel beam launcher for high penetration planetary drilling operations,” in Proc. 10th Eur. Conf. Antennas Propag., (2016), pp. 1–4.

Brener, I.

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burokur, S. N.

Y. Yuan, K. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “Complementary transmissive ultra-thin meta-deflectors for broadband polarization-independent refractions in the microwave region,” Photonics Res. 7, 80–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, D. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, M. Lu, K. Tang, and Q. Wu, “Phase-engineered metalenses to generate converging and non-diffractive vortex beam carrying orbital angular momentum in microwave region,” Opt. Express 26, 1351–1360 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Capasso, F.

W. T. Chen, M. Khorasaninejad, A. Y. Zhu, J. Oh, R. C. Devlin, A. Zaidi, and F. Capasso, “Generation of wavelength-independent subwavelength Bessel beams using metasurfaces,” Light. Sci. Appl. 6, e16259 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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A. Mazzinghi and A. Freni, “Simultaneous generation of pseudo-Bessel vortex modes with a RLSA,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 1747–1750 (2017).

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D. Comite, W. Fuscaldo, S. C. Pavone, G. Valerio, M. Ettorre, M. Albani, and A. Galli, “Propagation of nondiffracting pulses carrying orbital angular momentum at microwave frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 114102 (2017).
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M. R. Akram, C. He, X. Liang, J. Geng, R. Jin, and W. Zhu, “Polarization-insensitive metasurfaces for generating converging vortex beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” in 2018 IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on Antennas and Propagation (APCAP), (2018), pp. 478–479.
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W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1102–1108 (2015).
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N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
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J. Lončar, A. Grbic, and S. Hrabar, “A reflective polarization converting metasurface at X-band frequencies,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (2018).

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M. F. Imani and A. Grbic, “Generating evanescent Bessel beams using near-field plates,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 60, 3155–3164 (2012).
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E. Jerby and V. Dikhtyar, “Drilling into hard non-conductive materials by localized microwave radiation,” (Springer, 2006), pp. 687–694.

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M. L. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Shao, “Ultrathin complementary metasurface for orbital angular momentum generation at microwave frequencies,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65, 396–400 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. L. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Sha, “Artificial perfect electric conductor-perfect magnetic conductor anisotropic metasurface for generating orbital angular momentum of microwave with nearly perfect conversion efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 064506 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Jiang, T.

Jiang, Z. H.

H.-X. Xu, G. Hu, Y. Li, L. Han, J. Zhao, Y. Sun, F. Yuan, G.-M. Wang, Z. H. Jiang, X. Ling, and et al., “Interference-assisted kaleidoscopic meta-plexer for arbitrary spin-wavefront manipulation,” Light. Sci. & Appl. 8, 3 (2019).
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M. R. Akram, C. He, X. Liang, J. Geng, R. Jin, and W. Zhu, “Polarization-insensitive metasurfaces for generating converging vortex beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” in 2018 IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on Antennas and Propagation (APCAP), (2018), pp. 478–479.
[Crossref]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khorasaninejad, M.

W. T. Chen, M. Khorasaninejad, A. Y. Zhu, J. Oh, R. C. Devlin, A. Zaidi, and F. Capasso, “Generation of wavelength-independent subwavelength Bessel beams using metasurfaces,” Light. Sci. Appl. 6, e16259 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Y. Zhu, C. Roques-Carmes, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, I. Mishra, R. C. Devlin, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-insensitive metalenses at visible wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 16, 7229–7234 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
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[Crossref]

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Li, X.

Li, Y.

H.-X. Xu, G. Hu, Y. Li, L. Han, J. Zhao, Y. Sun, F. Yuan, G.-M. Wang, Z. H. Jiang, X. Ling, and et al., “Interference-assisted kaleidoscopic meta-plexer for arbitrary spin-wavefront manipulation,” Light. Sci. & Appl. 8, 3 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liang, X.

M. R. Akram, C. He, X. Liang, J. Geng, R. Jin, and W. Zhu, “Polarization-insensitive metasurfaces for generating converging vortex beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” in 2018 IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on Antennas and Propagation (APCAP), (2018), pp. 478–479.
[Crossref]

J. Li, R. Jin, J. Geng, X. Liang, K. Wang, M. Premaratne, and W. Zhu, “Design of a broadband metasurface luneburg lens for full-angle operation,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas Propagation, DOI: .
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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C. Liu, Y. Bai, Q. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Chen, J. Zhou, and L. Qiao, “Fully controllable Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface array with high conversion efficiency and broad bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34819 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. Lončar, A. Grbic, and S. Hrabar, “A reflective polarization converting metasurface at X-band frequencies,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (2018).

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J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lonnqvist, J. Saily, J. Hakli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Raisanen, “Millimetre-wave Bessel beams using computer holograms,” Electron. Lett. 37, 834–835 (2001).
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Luk, T. S.

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W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1102–1108 (2015).
[Crossref]

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J. Yuan, Y. Zhou, R. Chen, and Y. Ma, “Photonic spin Hall effect with controlled transmission by metasurfaces,” Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 56, 110311 (2017).
[Crossref]

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S. Costanzo, G. D. Massa, A. Borgia, A. Raffo, T. W. Versloot, and L. Summerer, “Microwave Bessel beam launcher for high penetration planetary drilling operations,” in Proc. 10th Eur. Conf. Antennas Propag., (2016), pp. 1–4.

Mauriello, G.

A. Mazzinghi, M. Balma, D. Devona, G. Guarnieri, G. Mauriello, M. Albani, and A. Freni, “Large depth of field pseudo-Bessel beam generation with a RLSA antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 62, 3911–3919 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mazzinghi, A.

A. Mazzinghi and A. Freni, “Simultaneous generation of pseudo-Bessel vortex modes with a RLSA,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 1747–1750 (2017).

A. Mazzinghi, M. Balma, D. Devona, G. Guarnieri, G. Mauriello, M. Albani, and A. Freni, “Large depth of field pseudo-Bessel beam generation with a RLSA antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 62, 3911–3919 (2014).
[Crossref]

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J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lonnqvist, J. Saily, J. Hakli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Raisanen, “Millimetre-wave Bessel beams using computer holograms,” Electron. Lett. 37, 834–835 (2001).
[Crossref]

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Mishra, I.

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Y. Zhu, C. Roques-Carmes, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, I. Mishra, R. C. Devlin, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-insensitive metalenses at visible wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 16, 7229–7234 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monk, S.

S. Monk, J. Arlt, D. Robertson, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “The generation of Bessel beams at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 170, 213–215 (1999).
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F. Monticone, N. M. Estakhri, and A. Alù, “Full control of nanoscale optical transmission with a composite metascreen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 203903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mosallaei, H.

Neshev, D. N.

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Noponen, E.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lonnqvist, J. Saily, J. Hakli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Raisanen, “Millimetre-wave Bessel beams using computer holograms,” Electron. Lett. 37, 834–835 (2001).
[Crossref]

Novitsky, A.

A. Novitsky, C.-W. Qiu, and H. Wang, “Single gradientless light beam drags particles as tractor beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203601 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oh, J.

W. T. Chen, M. Khorasaninejad, A. Y. Zhu, J. Oh, R. C. Devlin, A. Zaidi, and F. Capasso, “Generation of wavelength-independent subwavelength Bessel beams using metasurfaces,” Light. Sci. Appl. 6, e16259 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Y. Zhu, C. Roques-Carmes, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, I. Mishra, R. C. Devlin, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-insensitive metalenses at visible wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 16, 7229–7234 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padgett, M.

S. Monk, J. Arlt, D. Robertson, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “The generation of Bessel beams at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 170, 213–215 (1999).
[Crossref]

Pan, W.

Pavone, S. C.

D. Comite, W. Fuscaldo, S. C. Pavone, G. Valerio, M. Ettorre, M. Albani, and A. Galli, “Propagation of nondiffracting pulses carrying orbital angular momentum at microwave frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 114102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pertsch, T.

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
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C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Controlling vector Bessel beams with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 2, 044012 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Cascaded metasurfaces for complete phase and polarization control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 231116 (2013).
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C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Metamaterial Huygens surfaces: Tailoring wave fronts with reflectionless sheets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 197401 (2013).
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Premaratne, M.

J. Li, R. Jin, J. Geng, X. Liang, K. Wang, M. Premaratne, and W. Zhu, “Design of a broadband metasurface luneburg lens for full-angle operation,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas Propagation, DOI: .
[Crossref]

Qiao, L.

C. Liu, Y. Bai, Q. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Chen, J. Zhou, and L. Qiao, “Fully controllable Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface array with high conversion efficiency and broad bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34819 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, C.-W.

A. Novitsky, C.-W. Qiu, and H. Wang, “Single gradientless light beam drags particles as tractor beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203601 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raffo, A.

S. Costanzo, G. D. Massa, A. Borgia, A. Raffo, T. W. Versloot, and L. Summerer, “Microwave Bessel beam launcher for high penetration planetary drilling operations,” in Proc. 10th Eur. Conf. Antennas Propag., (2016), pp. 1–4.

Raisanen, A. V.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lonnqvist, J. Saily, J. Hakli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Raisanen, “Millimetre-wave Bessel beams using computer holograms,” Electron. Lett. 37, 834–835 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rajo-Iglesias, E.

D. Blanco, J. L. Gómez-Tornero, E. Rajo-Iglesias, and N. Llombart, “Holographic surface leaky-wave lenses with circularly-polarized focused near-fields — Part II: Experiments and description of frequency steering of focal length,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61, 3486–3494 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ratni, B.

Y. Yuan, K. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “Complementary transmissive ultra-thin meta-deflectors for broadband polarization-independent refractions in the microwave region,” Photonics Res. 7, 80–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, D. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, M. Lu, K. Tang, and Q. Wu, “Phase-engineered metalenses to generate converging and non-diffractive vortex beam carrying orbital angular momentum in microwave region,” Opt. Express 26, 1351–1360 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reiten, M. T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Robertson, D.

S. Monk, J. Arlt, D. Robertson, J. Courtial, and M. Padgett, “The generation of Bessel beams at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 170, 213–215 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rohrbach, A.

F. O. Fahrbach, P. Simon, and A. Rohrbach, “Microscopy with self-reconstructing beams,” Nat. Photon. 4, 780 (2010).
[Crossref]

Roques-Carmes, C.

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Y. Zhu, C. Roques-Carmes, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, I. Mishra, R. C. Devlin, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-insensitive metalenses at visible wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 16, 7229–7234 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rui, G.

Saily, J.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lonnqvist, J. Saily, J. Hakli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Raisanen, “Millimetre-wave Bessel beams using computer holograms,” Electron. Lett. 37, 834–835 (2001).
[Crossref]

Salo, J.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lonnqvist, J. Saily, J. Hakli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Raisanen, “Millimetre-wave Bessel beams using computer holograms,” Electron. Lett. 37, 834–835 (2001).
[Crossref]

Salomaa, M. M.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lonnqvist, J. Saily, J. Hakli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Raisanen, “Millimetre-wave Bessel beams using computer holograms,” Electron. Lett. 37, 834–835 (2001).
[Crossref]

Selvanayagam, M.

J. P. Wong, M. Selvanayagam, and G. V. Eleftheriades, “Polarization considerations for scalar huygens metasurfaces and characterization for 2-d refraction,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 63, 913–924 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sha, W. E. I.

M. L. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Sha, “Artificial perfect electric conductor-perfect magnetic conductor anisotropic metasurface for generating orbital angular momentum of microwave with nearly perfect conversion efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 064506 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shao, W. E. I.

M. L. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Shao, “Ultrathin complementary metasurface for orbital angular momentum generation at microwave frequencies,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65, 396–400 (2017).
[Crossref]

Simon, P.

F. O. Fahrbach, P. Simon, and A. Rohrbach, “Microscopy with self-reconstructing beams,” Nat. Photon. 4, 780 (2010).
[Crossref]

Staude, I.

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Summerer, L.

S. Costanzo, G. D. Massa, A. Borgia, A. Raffo, T. W. Versloot, and L. Summerer, “Microwave Bessel beam launcher for high penetration planetary drilling operations,” in Proc. 10th Eur. Conf. Antennas Propag., (2016), pp. 1–4.

Sun, S.

W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1102–1108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y.

H.-X. Xu, G. Hu, Y. Li, L. Han, J. Zhao, Y. Sun, F. Yuan, G.-M. Wang, Z. H. Jiang, X. Ling, and et al., “Interference-assisted kaleidoscopic meta-plexer for arbitrary spin-wavefront manipulation,” Light. Sci. & Appl. 8, 3 (2019).
[Crossref]

Tang, K.

Tang, S.

Taylor, A. J.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tetienne, J.-P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valerio, G.

D. Comite, W. Fuscaldo, S. C. Pavone, G. Valerio, M. Ettorre, M. Albani, and A. Galli, “Propagation of nondiffracting pulses carrying orbital angular momentum at microwave frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 114102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Versloot, T. W.

S. Costanzo, G. D. Massa, A. Borgia, A. Raffo, T. W. Versloot, and L. Summerer, “Microwave Bessel beam launcher for high penetration planetary drilling operations,” in Proc. 10th Eur. Conf. Antennas Propag., (2016), pp. 1–4.

Wang, G.-M.

H.-X. Xu, G. Hu, Y. Li, L. Han, J. Zhao, Y. Sun, F. Yuan, G.-M. Wang, Z. H. Jiang, X. Ling, and et al., “Interference-assisted kaleidoscopic meta-plexer for arbitrary spin-wavefront manipulation,” Light. Sci. & Appl. 8, 3 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

A. Novitsky, C.-W. Qiu, and H. Wang, “Single gradientless light beam drags particles as tractor beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203601 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.-T.

M. Kang, H.-T. Wang, and W. Zhu, “Wavefront manipulation with a dipolar metasurface under coherent control,” J. Appl. Phys. 122, 013105 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

J. Li, R. Jin, J. Geng, X. Liang, K. Wang, M. Premaratne, and W. Zhu, “Design of a broadband metasurface luneburg lens for full-angle operation,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas Propagation, DOI: .
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Westerholm, J.

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lonnqvist, J. Saily, J. Hakli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Raisanen, “Millimetre-wave Bessel beams using computer holograms,” Electron. Lett. 37, 834–835 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wong, J. P.

J. P. Wong, M. Selvanayagam, and G. V. Eleftheriades, “Polarization considerations for scalar huygens metasurfaces and characterization for 2-d refraction,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 63, 913–924 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, Q.

Y. Yuan, K. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “Complementary transmissive ultra-thin meta-deflectors for broadband polarization-independent refractions in the microwave region,” Photonics Res. 7, 80–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, D. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, M. Lu, K. Tang, and Q. Wu, “Phase-engineered metalenses to generate converging and non-diffractive vortex beam carrying orbital angular momentum in microwave region,” Opt. Express 26, 1351–1360 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, S.

W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1102–1108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.-X.

H.-X. Xu, G. Hu, Y. Li, L. Han, J. Zhao, Y. Sun, F. Yuan, G.-M. Wang, Z. H. Jiang, X. Ling, and et al., “Interference-assisted kaleidoscopic meta-plexer for arbitrary spin-wavefront manipulation,” Light. Sci. & Appl. 8, 3 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

C. Liu, Y. Bai, Q. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Chen, J. Zhou, and L. Qiao, “Fully controllable Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface array with high conversion efficiency and broad bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34819 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, N.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, S.

Yuan, F.

H.-X. Xu, G. Hu, Y. Li, L. Han, J. Zhao, Y. Sun, F. Yuan, G.-M. Wang, Z. H. Jiang, X. Ling, and et al., “Interference-assisted kaleidoscopic meta-plexer for arbitrary spin-wavefront manipulation,” Light. Sci. & Appl. 8, 3 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yuan, J.

J. Yuan, Y. Zhou, R. Chen, and Y. Ma, “Photonic spin Hall effect with controlled transmission by metasurfaces,” Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 56, 110311 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.

Y. Yuan, K. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “Complementary transmissive ultra-thin meta-deflectors for broadband polarization-independent refractions in the microwave region,” Photonics Res. 7, 80–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, D. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, M. Lu, K. Tang, and Q. Wu, “Phase-engineered metalenses to generate converging and non-diffractive vortex beam carrying orbital angular momentum in microwave region,” Opt. Express 26, 1351–1360 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zaidi, A.

W. T. Chen, M. Khorasaninejad, A. Y. Zhu, J. Oh, R. C. Devlin, A. Zaidi, and F. Capasso, “Generation of wavelength-independent subwavelength Bessel beams using metasurfaces,” Light. Sci. Appl. 6, e16259 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, Y.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340, 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhan, Q.

Zhang, D.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, K.

Y. Yuan, K. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “Complementary transmissive ultra-thin meta-deflectors for broadband polarization-independent refractions in the microwave region,” Photonics Res. 7, 80–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, D. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, M. Lu, K. Tang, and Q. Wu, “Phase-engineered metalenses to generate converging and non-diffractive vortex beam carrying orbital angular momentum in microwave region,” Opt. Express 26, 1351–1360 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

H.-X. Xu, G. Hu, Y. Li, L. Han, J. Zhao, Y. Sun, F. Yuan, G.-M. Wang, Z. H. Jiang, X. Ling, and et al., “Interference-assisted kaleidoscopic meta-plexer for arbitrary spin-wavefront manipulation,” Light. Sci. & Appl. 8, 3 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Q.

C. Liu, Y. Bai, Q. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Chen, J. Zhou, and L. Qiao, “Fully controllable Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface array with high conversion efficiency and broad bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34819 (2016).
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S. Tang, X. Li, W. Pan, J. Zhou, T. Jiang, and F. Ding, “High-efficiency broadband vortex beam generator based on transmissive metasurface,” Opt. Express 27, 4281–4291 (2019).
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C. Liu, Y. Bai, Q. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Chen, J. Zhou, and L. Qiao, “Fully controllable Pancharatnam-Berry metasurface array with high conversion efficiency and broad bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6, 34819 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1102–1108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

J. Yuan, Y. Zhou, R. Chen, and Y. Ma, “Photonic spin Hall effect with controlled transmission by metasurfaces,” Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 56, 110311 (2017).
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W. T. Chen, M. Khorasaninejad, A. Y. Zhu, J. Oh, R. C. Devlin, A. Zaidi, and F. Capasso, “Generation of wavelength-independent subwavelength Bessel beams using metasurfaces,” Light. Sci. Appl. 6, e16259 (2017).
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M. Khorasaninejad, A. Y. Zhu, C. Roques-Carmes, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, I. Mishra, R. C. Devlin, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-insensitive metalenses at visible wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 16, 7229–7234 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, W.

M. Kang, H.-T. Wang, and W. Zhu, “Wavefront manipulation with a dipolar metasurface under coherent control,” J. Appl. Phys. 122, 013105 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Li, R. Jin, J. Geng, X. Liang, K. Wang, M. Premaratne, and W. Zhu, “Design of a broadband metasurface luneburg lens for full-angle operation,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas Propagation, DOI: .
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M. R. Akram, C. He, X. Liang, J. Geng, R. Jin, and W. Zhu, “Polarization-insensitive metasurfaces for generating converging vortex beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” in 2018 IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on Antennas and Propagation (APCAP), (2018), pp. 478–479.
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ACS Nano (1)

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. S. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7, 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (2)

M. Decker, I. Staude, M. Falkner, J. Dominguez, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, T. Pertsch, and Y. S. Kivshar, “High-efficiency dielectric Huygens surfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 813–820 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3, 1102–1108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. Comite, W. Fuscaldo, S. C. Pavone, G. Valerio, M. Ettorre, M. Albani, and A. Galli, “Propagation of nondiffracting pulses carrying orbital angular momentum at microwave frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 114102 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Cascaded metasurfaces for complete phase and polarization control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 231116 (2013).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Salo, J. Meltaus, E. Noponen, J. Westerholm, M. M. Salomaa, A. Lonnqvist, J. Saily, J. Hakli, J. Ala-Laurinaho, and A. V. Raisanen, “Millimetre-wave Bessel beams using computer holograms,” Electron. Lett. 37, 834–835 (2001).
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IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. (1)

A. Mazzinghi and A. Freni, “Simultaneous generation of pseudo-Bessel vortex modes with a RLSA,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 1747–1750 (2017).

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (5)

M. Ettorre and A. Grbic, “Generation of propagating Bessel beams using leaky-wave modes,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 60, 3605–3613 (2012).
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D. Blanco, J. L. Gómez-Tornero, E. Rajo-Iglesias, and N. Llombart, “Holographic surface leaky-wave lenses with circularly-polarized focused near-fields — Part II: Experiments and description of frequency steering of focal length,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61, 3486–3494 (2013).
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M. F. Imani and A. Grbic, “Generating evanescent Bessel beams using near-field plates,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 60, 3155–3164 (2012).
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A. Mazzinghi, M. Balma, D. Devona, G. Guarnieri, G. Mauriello, M. Albani, and A. Freni, “Large depth of field pseudo-Bessel beam generation with a RLSA antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 62, 3911–3919 (2014).
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M. L. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Shao, “Ultrathin complementary metasurface for orbital angular momentum generation at microwave frequencies,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65, 396–400 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. (1)

J. P. Wong, M. Selvanayagam, and G. V. Eleftheriades, “Polarization considerations for scalar huygens metasurfaces and characterization for 2-d refraction,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 63, 913–924 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. L. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Sha, “Artificial perfect electric conductor-perfect magnetic conductor anisotropic metasurface for generating orbital angular momentum of microwave with nearly perfect conversion efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 119, 064506 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Kang, H.-T. Wang, and W. Zhu, “Wavefront manipulation with a dipolar metasurface under coherent control,” J. Appl. Phys. 122, 013105 (2017).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Jap. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Yuan, Y. Zhou, R. Chen, and Y. Ma, “Photonic spin Hall effect with controlled transmission by metasurfaces,” Jap. J. Appl. Phys. 56, 110311 (2017).
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M. Duocastella and C. B. Arnold, “Bessel and annular beams for materials processing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 607–621 (2012).
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Light. Sci. & Appl. (1)

H.-X. Xu, G. Hu, Y. Li, L. Han, J. Zhao, Y. Sun, F. Yuan, G.-M. Wang, Z. H. Jiang, X. Ling, and et al., “Interference-assisted kaleidoscopic meta-plexer for arbitrary spin-wavefront manipulation,” Light. Sci. & Appl. 8, 3 (2019).
[Crossref]

Light. Sci. Appl. (1)

W. T. Chen, M. Khorasaninejad, A. Y. Zhu, J. Oh, R. C. Devlin, A. Zaidi, and F. Capasso, “Generation of wavelength-independent subwavelength Bessel beams using metasurfaces,” Light. Sci. Appl. 6, e16259 (2017).
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Nano Lett. (1)

M. Khorasaninejad, A. Y. Zhu, C. Roques-Carmes, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, I. Mishra, R. C. Devlin, and F. Capasso, “Polarization-insensitive metalenses at visible wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 16, 7229–7234 (2016).
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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Unit cell on top and two designed metasurfaces at bottom. The geometrical parameters are r = 1 mm, p = 8 mm, and t = 0.813 mm of the substrate. (The thickness shown is modified for better visualization)
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Reflection spectra of three metasurfaces with uniform unit cells of different patch radii.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Phase/magnitude of co-polarized transmission co-efficient (S21) versus radius R of the patches at 10 GHz.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Magnetic field distribution and equivalent current distribution for three different resonances at 10 GHz: (a) Hy field and (b) equivalent current distribution for R = 3.55 mm; (c) Hy field and (d) equivalent current distribution for R = 3.94 mm; (e) Hy field and (f) equivalent current distribution for R = 3.98 mm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 theoretical zero-order Bessel profile; (a) magnitude and (b) phase; Simulation results of the zero-order Bessel beam; (c) magnitude and (d) phase distributions of electric field in plane z = 100 mm; (e) magnitude of electric field for y = 0 and z = 100 mm; (f) electric field magnitude in plane x = 0.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 theoretical first-order Bessel profile; (a) magnitude and (b) phase; Simulation results of the first-order Bessel beam; (c) magnitude and (d) phase distributions of electric field in plane z = 100 mm; (e) magnitude of electric field for y = 0 and z = 100 mm; (f) electric field magnitude in plane x = 0.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Experimental setup.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Fabricated metasurfaces, (b) magnitude and (c) phase distributions of electric field in plane z = 100 mm. Subscripts 0 and 1 mark panels representing the zero-order and first-order Bessel beams.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Comparison between theory, simulation and measured results: zero-order Bessel beam(a) x = 0, (b) y = 0; first-order Bessel beam (c) x = 0, (d) y = 0.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Efficiency comparisons for transmissive metasurfaces realized in literature, where LP for linear polarization and CP for circular polarization

Equations (7)

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E p ( b ^ ) = m = 1 M n = 1 N F p A ( r m n b ^ 0 ) A ( b ^ b ^ 0 ) e j 2 π λ 0 ( r m n b ^ 0 ) + j ϕ ,
ϕ ( x , y ) = 2 π ( 2 π / λ 0 ) x 2 + y 2 NA ,
f d = D 2 1 NA 2 1 .
FWHM J 0 = 2.25 k r = 0.385 λ 0 NA .
ϕ ( x , y ) = 2 π ( 2 π / λ 0 ) x 2 + y 2 NA + l φ ,
FWHM J 1 = 2.25 k r = 0.292 λ 0 NA .
η = S E t × H t * d S S E i × H i * d S × 100 % ,

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