Abstract

Ultrafast imaging and manipulating transient molecular structures in chemical reactions and photobiological processes is a fundamental but challenging goal for scientists. Theoretically, the challenge originates from the complex multiple-time-scale correlated electron dynamics and their coupling with the nuclei. Here, we employ classical polyatomic models for this kind of study and take the Coulomb explosion of argon and neon trimers in strong laser fields as an illuminating example. Our results demonstrate that the degree of asymmetry on the kinetic energy release (KER) spectrum, together with a Dalitz plot, constitutes a powerful tool for retrieving the ionization, excitation, and polarization configurations (femtosecond-to-attosecond time-scale electron dynamics) of trimers under strong-field radiation.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (3)

X. Ren, E. Wang, A. D. Skitnevskaya, A. B. Trofimov, K. Gokhberg, and A. Dorn, “Experimental evidence for ultrafast intermolecular relaxation processes in hydrated biomolecules,” Nat. Phys. 14, 1062–1066 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, S. Eckart, A. Kalinin, A. Czasch, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Weber, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Determination of Interatomic Potentials of He2, Ne2, Ar2, and H2 by Wave Function Imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(8), 083002 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Vilà, J. Zhu, A. Scrinzi, and A. Emmanouilidou, “Intertwined electron-nuclear motion in frustrated double ionization in driven heteronuclear molecules,” J. Phys. B 51(6), 065602 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

A. Chen, M. F. Kling, and A. Emmanouilidou, “Controlling electron-electron correlation in frustrated double ionization of triatomic molecules with orthogonally polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 96(3), 033404 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

A. Chen, H. Price, A. Staudte, and A. Emmanouilidou, “Frustrated double ionization in two-electron triatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(4), 043408 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Chen, C. Lazarou, H. Price, and A. Emmanouilidou, “Frustrated double and single ionization in a two-electron triatomic molecule H3+,” J. Phys. B 49(23), 235001 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

X. Xie, C. Wu, Y. Yuan, X.-Z. Li, C. Wu, P. Wang, Y. Deng, Y. Liu, and Q. Gong, “Structural determination of argon trimer,” AIP Advances 5, 097213 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Kunitski, S. Zeller, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, A. Czasch, W. Schöllkopf, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, D. Blume, and R. Dörner, “Observation of the Efimov state of the helium trimer,” Science 348(6234), 551–555 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Wopperer, P.M. Dinh, P.-G. Reinhard, and E. Suraud, “Electrons as probes of dynamics in molecules and clusters: A contribution from Time Dependent Density Functional Theory,” Phys. Rep. 562, 1–68 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, C. Wu, Z. Yuan, D. Ye, P. Wang, Y. Deng, L. Fu, J. Liu, Y. Liu, and Q. Gong, “Dynamical coupling of electrons and nuclei for Coulomb explosion of argon trimers in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(2), 023417 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

H. Price, C. Lazarou, and A. Emmanouilidou, “Toolkit for semiclassical computations for strongly driven molecules: Frustrated ionization of H2 driven by elliptical laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 90(5), 053419 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Trinter, M. S. Schöffler, H.-K. Kim, F. P. Sturm, K. Cole, N. Neumann, A. Vredenborg, J. Williams, I. Bocharova, R. Guillemin, M. Simon, A. Belkacem, A. L. Landers, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Dörner, and T. Jahnke, “Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers,” Nature (London) 505, 664–666 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Vorger, S. Zeller, J. Becht, N. Neumann, F. Sturm, H.-K. Kim, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, M. Kunitski, A. Kalinin, J. Wu, W. Schöllkopf, D. Bressanini, A. Czasch, J. B. Williams, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the structure of the trimer systems 4He3 and 3He4He2,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5765 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Wu, C. Wu, D. Song, H. Su, X. Xie, M. Li, Y. Deng, Y. Liu, and Q. Gong, “Communication: Determining the structure of the N2Ar van der Waals complex with laser-based channel-selected Coulomb explosion,” J. Chem. Phys. 140(14), 141101 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

X. Gong, M. Kunitski, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, and J. Wu, “Simultaneous probing of geometry and electronic orbital of ArCO by Coulomb-explosion imaging and angle-dependent tunneling rates,” Phys. Rev. A 88(1), 013422 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

J. Wu, M. Kunitski, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Structures of N2Ar, O2Ar, and O2Xe dimers studied by Coulomb explosion imaging,” J. Chem. Phys. 137(10), 104308 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Emmanouilidou, C. Lazarou, A. Staudte, and U. Eichmann, “Routes to formation of highly excited neutral atoms in the breakup of strongly driven H2,” Phys. Rev. A 85(1), 011402(R) (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical Simulations Including Electron Correlations for Sequential Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(5), 053004 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

E. Lötstedt, T. Kato, and K. Yamanouchi, “Classical Dynamics of Laser-Driven D3+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(20), 203001 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Havermeier, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging of the Structure of the Argon and Neon Dimer, Trimer, and Tetramer,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115, 6936–6941 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Bressanini and G. Morosi, “What Is the Shape of the Helium Trimer? A Comparison with the Neon and Argon Trimers,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115, 10880–10887 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. McKenna, S. Zeng, J. J. Hua, A. M. Sayler, M. Zohrabi, N. G. Johnson, B. Gaire, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Frustrated tunneling ionization during laser-induced D2 fragmentation: Detection of excited metastable D* atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043425 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, A. Vredenborg, B. Ulrich, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Meckel, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Multiple Recapture of Electrons in Multiple Ionization of the Argon Dimer by a Strong Laser Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043003 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Double-ionization mechanisms of the argon dimer in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013412 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Manschwetus, H. Rottke, G. Steinmeyer, L. Foucar, A. Czasch, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and W. Sandner, “Mechanisms underlying strong-field double ionization of argon dimers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013413 (2010).
[Crossref]

Th. Fennel, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, J. Tiggesbäumker, P.-G. Reinhard, P. M. Dinh, and E. Suraud, “Laser-driven nonlinear cluster dynamics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(2), 1793–1842 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Dehghanian, A. D. Bandrauk, and G. L. Kamta, “Enhanced ionization of the H2 molecule driven by intense ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 061403(R) (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Elliptical Polarization and Probability of Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(8), 083001 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (4)

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Strong Field Double Ionization: The Phase Space Perspective,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(17), 173002 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Manschwetus, T. Nubbemeyer, K. Gorling, G. Steinmeyer, U. Eichmann, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, “Strong Laser Field Fragmentation of H2: Coulomb Explosion without Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(11), 113002 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Benchmark Measurements of H3+ Nonlinear Dynamics in Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103004 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Cornaggia, “Ultrafast Coulomb explosion imaging of molecules,” Laser Phys. 19(8), 1660–1670 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

D. F. Ye, J. Chen, and J. Liu, “Classical trajectory perspective on double-ionization dynamics of diatomic molecules irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 77(1), 013403 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

J. Liu, D. F. Ye, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Complex Dynamics of Correlated Electrons in Molecular Double Ionization by an Ultrashort Intense Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(1), 013003 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Matsuda, E. J. Takahashi, and A. Hishikawa, “Dalitz plot analysis of Coulomb exploding O3 in ultrashort intense laser fields,” J. Chem. Phys. 127(11), 114318 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Chelkowski, A. D. Bandrauk, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “Dynamic nuclear interference structures in the Coulomb explosion spectra of a hydrogen molecule in intense laser fields: Reexamination of molecular enhanced ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 76(1), 013405 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

Phay J. Ho and J. H. Eberly, “In-Plane Theory of Nonsequential Triple Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(8), 083001 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential Double Ionization as a Completely Classical Photoelectric Effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. L. Kamta and A. D. Bandrauk, “Phase Dependence of Enhanced Ionization in Asymmetric Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

A. S. Jensen, K. Riisager, and D. V. Fedorov, “Structure and reactions of quantum halos,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 76(1), 215–261 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1463–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

L. B. Fu, J. Liu, and S. G. Chen, “Correlated electron emission in laser-induced nonsequence double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 65(2), 021406(R) (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

J. Chen, J. Liu, L. B. Fu, and W. M. Zheng, “Interpretation of momentum distribution of recoil ions from laser-induced nonsequential double ionization by semiclassical rescattering model,” Phys. Rev. A 63(1), 011404(R) (2000).
[Crossref]

L. Quaglia and C. Cornaggia, “Experimental Evidence of Excited Multicharged Atomic Fragments Coming from Laser-Induced Coulomb Explosion of Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(20), 4565–4568 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

T. González-Lezana, J. Rubayo-Soneira, S. Miret-Artés, F. A. Gianturco, G. Delgado-Barrio, and P. Villarreal, “Comparative configurational study for He, Ne, and Ar trimers,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(18), 9000–9010 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

L. S. Cederbaum, J. Zobeley, and F. Tarantelli, “Giant Intermolecular Decay and Fragmentation of Clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(24), 4778–4781 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Yu and A. D. Bandrauk, “Molecules in intense laser fields: Enhanced ionization in one- and two-electron linear triatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 685–693 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

E. Constant, H. Stapelfeldt, and P. B. Corkum, “Observation of Enhanced Ionization of Molecular Ions in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(22), 4140–4143 (1996).
[Crossref]

K. Kwon and A. Moscowitz, “Molecular Ion Geometries from Inversion of Coulomb Explosion Imaging Data,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(7), 1238–1241 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

T. Zuo and A. D. Bandrauk, “Charge-resonance-enhanced ionization of diatomic molecular ions by intense lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52(4), R2511–R2514 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Seideman, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Role of Electron Localization in Intense-Field Molecular Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(15), 2819–2822 (1995).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

E. A. Gislason, “Series expansions for Franck-Condon factors. I. Linear potential and the reflection approximation,” J. Chem. Phys. 58(9), 3702–3707 (1973).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

V. Efimov, “Energy levels arising from resonant two-body forces in a three-body system,” Phys. Lett. B 33(8), 563–564 (1970).
[Crossref]

1953 (1)

R. H. Dalitz, “CXII On the analysis of τ-meson data and the nature of the τ-meson,” Philos. Mag. 44(357), 1068–1080 (1953).
[Crossref]

Bandrauk, A. D.

E. Dehghanian, A. D. Bandrauk, and G. L. Kamta, “Enhanced ionization of the H2 molecule driven by intense ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 061403(R) (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Chelkowski, A. D. Bandrauk, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “Dynamic nuclear interference structures in the Coulomb explosion spectra of a hydrogen molecule in intense laser fields: Reexamination of molecular enhanced ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 76(1), 013405 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. L. Kamta and A. D. Bandrauk, “Phase Dependence of Enhanced Ionization in Asymmetric Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(20), 203003 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Yu and A. D. Bandrauk, “Molecules in intense laser fields: Enhanced ionization in one- and two-electron linear triatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 685–693 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. Zuo and A. D. Bandrauk, “Charge-resonance-enhanced ionization of diatomic molecular ions by intense lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52(4), R2511–R2514 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bauer, T.

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
[Crossref]

Becht, J.

J. Vorger, S. Zeller, J. Becht, N. Neumann, F. Sturm, H.-K. Kim, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, M. Kunitski, A. Kalinin, J. Wu, W. Schöllkopf, D. Bressanini, A. Czasch, J. B. Williams, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the structure of the trimer systems 4He3 and 3He4He2,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5765 (2014).
[Crossref]

Belkacem, A.

F. Trinter, M. S. Schöffler, H.-K. Kim, F. P. Sturm, K. Cole, N. Neumann, A. Vredenborg, J. Williams, I. Bocharova, R. Guillemin, M. Simon, A. Belkacem, A. L. Landers, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Dörner, and T. Jahnke, “Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers,” Nature (London) 505, 664–666 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ben-Itzhak, I.

J. McKenna, S. Zeng, J. J. Hua, A. M. Sayler, M. Zohrabi, N. G. Johnson, B. Gaire, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Frustrated tunneling ionization during laser-induced D2 fragmentation: Detection of excited metastable D* atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043425 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Benchmark Measurements of H3+ Nonlinear Dynamics in Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Blume, D.

M. Kunitski, S. Zeller, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, A. Czasch, W. Schöllkopf, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, D. Blume, and R. Dörner, “Observation of the Efimov state of the helium trimer,” Science 348(6234), 551–555 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bocharova, I.

F. Trinter, M. S. Schöffler, H.-K. Kim, F. P. Sturm, K. Cole, N. Neumann, A. Vredenborg, J. Williams, I. Bocharova, R. Guillemin, M. Simon, A. Belkacem, A. L. Landers, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Dörner, and T. Jahnke, “Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers,” Nature (London) 505, 664–666 (2014).
[Crossref]

Braune, M.

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bressanini, D.

J. Vorger, S. Zeller, J. Becht, N. Neumann, F. Sturm, H.-K. Kim, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, M. Kunitski, A. Kalinin, J. Wu, W. Schöllkopf, D. Bressanini, A. Czasch, J. B. Williams, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the structure of the trimer systems 4He3 and 3He4He2,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5765 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Bressanini and G. Morosi, “What Is the Shape of the Helium Trimer? A Comparison with the Neon and Argon Trimers,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115, 10880–10887 (2011).
[Crossref]

Carnes, K. D.

J. McKenna, S. Zeng, J. J. Hua, A. M. Sayler, M. Zohrabi, N. G. Johnson, B. Gaire, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Frustrated tunneling ionization during laser-induced D2 fragmentation: Detection of excited metastable D* atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043425 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Benchmark Measurements of H3+ Nonlinear Dynamics in Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cederbaum, L. S.

L. S. Cederbaum, J. Zobeley, and F. Tarantelli, “Giant Intermolecular Decay and Fragmentation of Clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(24), 4778–4781 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chandre, C.

F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Strong Field Double Ionization: The Phase Space Perspective,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(17), 173002 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chang, Z.

B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Havermeier, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging of the Structure of the Argon and Neon Dimer, Trimer, and Tetramer,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115, 6936–6941 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Double-ionization mechanisms of the argon dimer in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013412 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chelkowski, S.

S. Chelkowski, A. D. Bandrauk, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “Dynamic nuclear interference structures in the Coulomb explosion spectra of a hydrogen molecule in intense laser fields: Reexamination of molecular enhanced ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 76(1), 013405 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, A.

A. Chen, M. F. Kling, and A. Emmanouilidou, “Controlling electron-electron correlation in frustrated double ionization of triatomic molecules with orthogonally polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 96(3), 033404 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Chen, H. Price, A. Staudte, and A. Emmanouilidou, “Frustrated double ionization in two-electron triatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(4), 043408 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Chen, C. Lazarou, H. Price, and A. Emmanouilidou, “Frustrated double and single ionization in a two-electron triatomic molecule H3+,” J. Phys. B 49(23), 235001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

D. F. Ye, J. Chen, and J. Liu, “Classical trajectory perspective on double-ionization dynamics of diatomic molecules irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 77(1), 013403 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, D. F. Ye, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Complex Dynamics of Correlated Electrons in Molecular Double Ionization by an Ultrashort Intense Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(1), 013003 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, J. Liu, L. B. Fu, and W. M. Zheng, “Interpretation of momentum distribution of recoil ions from laser-induced nonsequential double ionization by semiclassical rescattering model,” Phys. Rev. A 63(1), 011404(R) (2000).
[Crossref]

Chen, S. G.

L. B. Fu, J. Liu, and S. G. Chen, “Correlated electron emission in laser-induced nonsequence double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 65(2), 021406(R) (2002).
[Crossref]

Cole, K.

F. Trinter, M. S. Schöffler, H.-K. Kim, F. P. Sturm, K. Cole, N. Neumann, A. Vredenborg, J. Williams, I. Bocharova, R. Guillemin, M. Simon, A. Belkacem, A. L. Landers, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Dörner, and T. Jahnke, “Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers,” Nature (London) 505, 664–666 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Havermeier, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging of the Structure of the Argon and Neon Dimer, Trimer, and Tetramer,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115, 6936–6941 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Double-ionization mechanisms of the argon dimer in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013412 (2010).
[Crossref]

Constant, E.

E. Constant, H. Stapelfeldt, and P. B. Corkum, “Observation of Enhanced Ionization of Molecular Ions in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(22), 4140–4143 (1996).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

S. Chelkowski, A. D. Bandrauk, A. Staudte, and P. B. Corkum, “Dynamic nuclear interference structures in the Coulomb explosion spectra of a hydrogen molecule in intense laser fields: Reexamination of molecular enhanced ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 76(1), 013405 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. Constant, H. Stapelfeldt, and P. B. Corkum, “Observation of Enhanced Ionization of Molecular Ions in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(22), 4140–4143 (1996).
[Crossref]

T. Seideman, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Role of Electron Localization in Intense-Field Molecular Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(15), 2819–2822 (1995).
[Crossref]

Cornaggia, C.

C. Cornaggia, “Ultrafast Coulomb explosion imaging of molecules,” Laser Phys. 19(8), 1660–1670 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Quaglia and C. Cornaggia, “Experimental Evidence of Excited Multicharged Atomic Fragments Coming from Laser-Induced Coulomb Explosion of Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(20), 4565–4568 (2000).
[Crossref]

Czasch, A.

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, S. Eckart, A. Kalinin, A. Czasch, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Weber, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Determination of Interatomic Potentials of He2, Ne2, Ar2, and H2 by Wave Function Imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(8), 083002 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Kunitski, S. Zeller, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, A. Czasch, W. Schöllkopf, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, D. Blume, and R. Dörner, “Observation of the Efimov state of the helium trimer,” Science 348(6234), 551–555 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Vorger, S. Zeller, J. Becht, N. Neumann, F. Sturm, H.-K. Kim, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, M. Kunitski, A. Kalinin, J. Wu, W. Schöllkopf, D. Bressanini, A. Czasch, J. B. Williams, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the structure of the trimer systems 4He3 and 3He4He2,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5765 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Gong, M. Kunitski, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, and J. Wu, “Simultaneous probing of geometry and electronic orbital of ArCO by Coulomb-explosion imaging and angle-dependent tunneling rates,” Phys. Rev. A 88(1), 013422 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Manschwetus, H. Rottke, G. Steinmeyer, L. Foucar, A. Czasch, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and W. Sandner, “Mechanisms underlying strong-field double ionization of argon dimers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013413 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dalitz, R. H.

R. H. Dalitz, “CXII On the analysis of τ-meson data and the nature of the τ-meson,” Philos. Mag. 44(357), 1068–1080 (1953).
[Crossref]

Dehghanian, E.

E. Dehghanian, A. D. Bandrauk, and G. L. Kamta, “Enhanced ionization of the H2 molecule driven by intense ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 061403(R) (2010).
[Crossref]

Delgado-Barrio, G.

T. González-Lezana, J. Rubayo-Soneira, S. Miret-Artés, F. A. Gianturco, G. Delgado-Barrio, and P. Villarreal, “Comparative configurational study for He, Ne, and Ar trimers,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(18), 9000–9010 (1999).
[Crossref]

Deng, Y.

X. Xie, C. Wu, Z. Yuan, D. Ye, P. Wang, Y. Deng, L. Fu, J. Liu, Y. Liu, and Q. Gong, “Dynamical coupling of electrons and nuclei for Coulomb explosion of argon trimers in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(2), 023417 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Xie, C. Wu, Y. Yuan, X.-Z. Li, C. Wu, P. Wang, Y. Deng, Y. Liu, and Q. Gong, “Structural determination of argon trimer,” AIP Advances 5, 097213 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Wu, C. Wu, D. Song, H. Su, X. Xie, M. Li, Y. Deng, Y. Liu, and Q. Gong, “Communication: Determining the structure of the N2Ar van der Waals complex with laser-based channel-selected Coulomb explosion,” J. Chem. Phys. 140(14), 141101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dinh, P. M.

Th. Fennel, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, J. Tiggesbäumker, P.-G. Reinhard, P. M. Dinh, and E. Suraud, “Laser-driven nonlinear cluster dynamics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(2), 1793–1842 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dinh, P.M.

P. Wopperer, P.M. Dinh, P.-G. Reinhard, and E. Suraud, “Electrons as probes of dynamics in molecules and clusters: A contribution from Time Dependent Density Functional Theory,” Phys. Rep. 562, 1–68 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dorn, A.

X. Ren, E. Wang, A. D. Skitnevskaya, A. B. Trofimov, K. Gokhberg, and A. Dorn, “Experimental evidence for ultrafast intermolecular relaxation processes in hydrated biomolecules,” Nat. Phys. 14, 1062–1066 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1463–1545 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dörner, R.

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, S. Eckart, A. Kalinin, A. Czasch, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Weber, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Determination of Interatomic Potentials of He2, Ne2, Ar2, and H2 by Wave Function Imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(8), 083002 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Kunitski, S. Zeller, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, A. Czasch, W. Schöllkopf, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, D. Blume, and R. Dörner, “Observation of the Efimov state of the helium trimer,” Science 348(6234), 551–555 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Vorger, S. Zeller, J. Becht, N. Neumann, F. Sturm, H.-K. Kim, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, M. Kunitski, A. Kalinin, J. Wu, W. Schöllkopf, D. Bressanini, A. Czasch, J. B. Williams, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the structure of the trimer systems 4He3 and 3He4He2,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5765 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Trinter, M. S. Schöffler, H.-K. Kim, F. P. Sturm, K. Cole, N. Neumann, A. Vredenborg, J. Williams, I. Bocharova, R. Guillemin, M. Simon, A. Belkacem, A. L. Landers, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Dörner, and T. Jahnke, “Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers,” Nature (London) 505, 664–666 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Gong, M. Kunitski, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, and J. Wu, “Simultaneous probing of geometry and electronic orbital of ArCO by Coulomb-explosion imaging and angle-dependent tunneling rates,” Phys. Rev. A 88(1), 013422 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, M. Kunitski, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Structures of N2Ar, O2Ar, and O2Xe dimers studied by Coulomb explosion imaging,” J. Chem. Phys. 137(10), 104308 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Havermeier, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging of the Structure of the Argon and Neon Dimer, Trimer, and Tetramer,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115, 6936–6941 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, A. Vredenborg, B. Ulrich, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Meckel, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Multiple Recapture of Electrons in Multiple Ionization of the Argon Dimer by a Strong Laser Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043003 (2011).
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B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Double-ionization mechanisms of the argon dimer in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013412 (2010).
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J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Benchmark Measurements of H3+ Nonlinear Dynamics in Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103004 (2009).
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J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Benchmark Measurements of H3+ Nonlinear Dynamics in Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103004 (2009).
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X. Xie, C. Wu, Y. Yuan, X.-Z. Li, C. Wu, P. Wang, Y. Deng, Y. Liu, and Q. Gong, “Structural determination of argon trimer,” AIP Advances 5, 097213 (2015).
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X. Xie, C. Wu, Z. Yuan, D. Ye, P. Wang, Y. Deng, L. Fu, J. Liu, Y. Liu, and Q. Gong, “Dynamical coupling of electrons and nuclei for Coulomb explosion of argon trimers in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(2), 023417 (2015).
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T. González-Lezana, J. Rubayo-Soneira, S. Miret-Artés, F. A. Gianturco, G. Delgado-Barrio, and P. Villarreal, “Comparative configurational study for He, Ne, and Ar trimers,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(18), 9000–9010 (1999).
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B. Manschwetus, T. Nubbemeyer, K. Gorling, G. Steinmeyer, U. Eichmann, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, “Strong Laser Field Fragmentation of H2: Coulomb Explosion without Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(11), 113002 (2009).
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S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
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M. Kunitski, S. Zeller, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, A. Czasch, W. Schöllkopf, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, D. Blume, and R. Dörner, “Observation of the Efimov state of the helium trimer,” Science 348(6234), 551–555 (2015).
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J. Vorger, S. Zeller, J. Becht, N. Neumann, F. Sturm, H.-K. Kim, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, M. Kunitski, A. Kalinin, J. Wu, W. Schöllkopf, D. Bressanini, A. Czasch, J. B. Williams, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the structure of the trimer systems 4He3 and 3He4He2,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5765 (2014).
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Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential Double Ionization as a Completely Classical Photoelectric Effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
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S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
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Havermeier, T.

B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Havermeier, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging of the Structure of the Argon and Neon Dimer, Trimer, and Tetramer,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115, 6936–6941 (2011).
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Phay J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential Double Ionization as a Completely Classical Photoelectric Effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 093002 (2005).
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Phay J. Ho and J. H. Eberly, “In-Plane Theory of Nonsequential Triple Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(8), 083001 (2006).
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J. McKenna, S. Zeng, J. J. Hua, A. M. Sayler, M. Zohrabi, N. G. Johnson, B. Gaire, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Frustrated tunneling ionization during laser-induced D2 fragmentation: Detection of excited metastable D* atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043425 (2011).
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S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, S. Eckart, A. Kalinin, A. Czasch, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Weber, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Determination of Interatomic Potentials of He2, Ne2, Ar2, and H2 by Wave Function Imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(8), 083002 (2018).
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S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Kunitski, S. Zeller, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, A. Czasch, W. Schöllkopf, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, D. Blume, and R. Dörner, “Observation of the Efimov state of the helium trimer,” Science 348(6234), 551–555 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Vorger, S. Zeller, J. Becht, N. Neumann, F. Sturm, H.-K. Kim, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, M. Kunitski, A. Kalinin, J. Wu, W. Schöllkopf, D. Bressanini, A. Czasch, J. B. Williams, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the structure of the trimer systems 4He3 and 3He4He2,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5765 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Trinter, M. S. Schöffler, H.-K. Kim, F. P. Sturm, K. Cole, N. Neumann, A. Vredenborg, J. Williams, I. Bocharova, R. Guillemin, M. Simon, A. Belkacem, A. L. Landers, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Dörner, and T. Jahnke, “Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers,” Nature (London) 505, 664–666 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Gong, M. Kunitski, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, and J. Wu, “Simultaneous probing of geometry and electronic orbital of ArCO by Coulomb-explosion imaging and angle-dependent tunneling rates,” Phys. Rev. A 88(1), 013422 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, M. Kunitski, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Structures of N2Ar, O2Ar, and O2Xe dimers studied by Coulomb explosion imaging,” J. Chem. Phys. 137(10), 104308 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Havermeier, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging of the Structure of the Argon and Neon Dimer, Trimer, and Tetramer,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115, 6936–6941 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, A. Vredenborg, B. Ulrich, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Meckel, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Multiple Recapture of Electrons in Multiple Ionization of the Argon Dimer by a Strong Laser Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043003 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Double-ionization mechanisms of the argon dimer in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013412 (2010).
[Crossref]

Janke, C.

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
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A. S. Jensen, K. Riisager, and D. V. Fedorov, “Structure and reactions of quantum halos,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 76(1), 215–261 (2004).
[Crossref]

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J. McKenna, S. Zeng, J. J. Hua, A. M. Sayler, M. Zohrabi, N. G. Johnson, B. Gaire, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Frustrated tunneling ionization during laser-induced D2 fragmentation: Detection of excited metastable D* atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043425 (2011).
[Crossref]

Johnson, Nora G.

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Benchmark Measurements of H3+ Nonlinear Dynamics in Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kalinin, A.

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, S. Eckart, A. Kalinin, A. Czasch, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Weber, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Determination of Interatomic Potentials of He2, Ne2, Ar2, and H2 by Wave Function Imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(8), 083002 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Kunitski, S. Zeller, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, A. Czasch, W. Schöllkopf, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, D. Blume, and R. Dörner, “Observation of the Efimov state of the helium trimer,” Science 348(6234), 551–555 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Vorger, S. Zeller, J. Becht, N. Neumann, F. Sturm, H.-K. Kim, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, M. Kunitski, A. Kalinin, J. Wu, W. Schöllkopf, D. Bressanini, A. Czasch, J. B. Williams, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the structure of the trimer systems 4He3 and 3He4He2,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5765 (2014).
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S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
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Kim, H.

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, A. Vredenborg, B. Ulrich, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Meckel, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Multiple Recapture of Electrons in Multiple Ionization of the Argon Dimer by a Strong Laser Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043003 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.-K.

F. Trinter, M. S. Schöffler, H.-K. Kim, F. P. Sturm, K. Cole, N. Neumann, A. Vredenborg, J. Williams, I. Bocharova, R. Guillemin, M. Simon, A. Belkacem, A. L. Landers, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Dörner, and T. Jahnke, “Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers,” Nature (London) 505, 664–666 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Vorger, S. Zeller, J. Becht, N. Neumann, F. Sturm, H.-K. Kim, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, M. Kunitski, A. Kalinin, J. Wu, W. Schöllkopf, D. Bressanini, A. Czasch, J. B. Williams, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the structure of the trimer systems 4He3 and 3He4He2,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5765 (2014).
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Kitzler, M.

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
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A. Chen, M. F. Kling, and A. Emmanouilidou, “Controlling electron-electron correlation in frustrated double ionization of triatomic molecules with orthogonally polarized two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 96(3), 033404 (2017).
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S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, S. Eckart, A. Kalinin, A. Czasch, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Weber, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Determination of Interatomic Potentials of He2, Ne2, Ar2, and H2 by Wave Function Imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(8), 083002 (2018).
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S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Kunitski, S. Zeller, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, A. Czasch, W. Schöllkopf, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, D. Blume, and R. Dörner, “Observation of the Efimov state of the helium trimer,” Science 348(6234), 551–555 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Vorger, S. Zeller, J. Becht, N. Neumann, F. Sturm, H.-K. Kim, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, M. Kunitski, A. Kalinin, J. Wu, W. Schöllkopf, D. Bressanini, A. Czasch, J. B. Williams, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the structure of the trimer systems 4He3 and 3He4He2,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5765 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Gong, M. Kunitski, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, and J. Wu, “Simultaneous probing of geometry and electronic orbital of ArCO by Coulomb-explosion imaging and angle-dependent tunneling rates,” Phys. Rev. A 88(1), 013422 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, M. Kunitski, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Structures of N2Ar, O2Ar, and O2Xe dimers studied by Coulomb explosion imaging,” J. Chem. Phys. 137(10), 104308 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
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K. Kwon and A. Moscowitz, “Molecular Ion Geometries from Inversion of Coulomb Explosion Imaging Data,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(7), 1238–1241 (1996).
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F. Trinter, M. S. Schöffler, H.-K. Kim, F. P. Sturm, K. Cole, N. Neumann, A. Vredenborg, J. Williams, I. Bocharova, R. Guillemin, M. Simon, A. Belkacem, A. L. Landers, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Dörner, and T. Jahnke, “Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers,” Nature (London) 505, 664–666 (2014).
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A. Chen, C. Lazarou, H. Price, and A. Emmanouilidou, “Frustrated double and single ionization in a two-electron triatomic molecule H3+,” J. Phys. B 49(23), 235001 (2016).
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H. Price, C. Lazarou, and A. Emmanouilidou, “Toolkit for semiclassical computations for strongly driven molecules: Frustrated ionization of H2 driven by elliptical laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 90(5), 053419 (2014).
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A. Emmanouilidou, C. Lazarou, A. Staudte, and U. Eichmann, “Routes to formation of highly excited neutral atoms in the breakup of strongly driven H2,” Phys. Rev. A 85(1), 011402(R) (2012).
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C. Wu, C. Wu, D. Song, H. Su, X. Xie, M. Li, Y. Deng, Y. Liu, and Q. Gong, “Communication: Determining the structure of the N2Ar van der Waals complex with laser-based channel-selected Coulomb explosion,” J. Chem. Phys. 140(14), 141101 (2014).
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X. Xie, C. Wu, Y. Yuan, X.-Z. Li, C. Wu, P. Wang, Y. Deng, Y. Liu, and Q. Gong, “Structural determination of argon trimer,” AIP Advances 5, 097213 (2015).
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Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical Simulations Including Electron Correlations for Sequential Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(5), 053004 (2012).
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X. Xie, C. Wu, Z. Yuan, D. Ye, P. Wang, Y. Deng, L. Fu, J. Liu, Y. Liu, and Q. Gong, “Dynamical coupling of electrons and nuclei for Coulomb explosion of argon trimers in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(2), 023417 (2015).
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J. Chen, J. Liu, L. B. Fu, and W. M. Zheng, “Interpretation of momentum distribution of recoil ions from laser-induced nonsequential double ionization by semiclassical rescattering model,” Phys. Rev. A 63(1), 011404(R) (2000).
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J. Liu, D. F. Ye, J. Chen, and X. Liu, “Complex Dynamics of Correlated Electrons in Molecular Double Ionization by an Ultrashort Intense Laser Pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(1), 013003 (2007).
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Liu, Y.

X. Xie, C. Wu, Z. Yuan, D. Ye, P. Wang, Y. Deng, L. Fu, J. Liu, Y. Liu, and Q. Gong, “Dynamical coupling of electrons and nuclei for Coulomb explosion of argon trimers in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 92(2), 023417 (2015).
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X. Xie, C. Wu, Y. Yuan, X.-Z. Li, C. Wu, P. Wang, Y. Deng, Y. Liu, and Q. Gong, “Structural determination of argon trimer,” AIP Advances 5, 097213 (2015).
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C. Wu, C. Wu, D. Song, H. Su, X. Xie, M. Li, Y. Deng, Y. Liu, and Q. Gong, “Communication: Determining the structure of the N2Ar van der Waals complex with laser-based channel-selected Coulomb explosion,” J. Chem. Phys. 140(14), 141101 (2014).
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E. Lötstedt, T. Kato, and K. Yamanouchi, “Classical Dynamics of Laser-Driven D3+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(20), 203001 (2011).
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Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical Simulations Including Electron Correlations for Sequential Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(5), 053004 (2012).
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Malakzadeh, A.

B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Havermeier, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging of the Structure of the Argon and Neon Dimer, Trimer, and Tetramer,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115, 6936–6941 (2011).
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B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Double-ionization mechanisms of the argon dimer in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013412 (2010).
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B. Manschwetus, H. Rottke, G. Steinmeyer, L. Foucar, A. Czasch, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and W. Sandner, “Mechanisms underlying strong-field double ionization of argon dimers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013413 (2010).
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B. Manschwetus, T. Nubbemeyer, K. Gorling, G. Steinmeyer, U. Eichmann, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, “Strong Laser Field Fragmentation of H2: Coulomb Explosion without Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(11), 113002 (2009).
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A. Matsuda, E. J. Takahashi, and A. Hishikawa, “Dalitz plot analysis of Coulomb exploding O3 in ultrashort intense laser fields,” J. Chem. Phys. 127(11), 114318 (2007).
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F. Mauger, C. Chandre, and T. Uzer, “Strong Field Double Ionization: The Phase Space Perspective,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(17), 173002 (2009).
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J. McKenna, S. Zeng, J. J. Hua, A. M. Sayler, M. Zohrabi, N. G. Johnson, B. Gaire, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Frustrated tunneling ionization during laser-induced D2 fragmentation: Detection of excited metastable D* atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043425 (2011).
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J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Benchmark Measurements of H3+ Nonlinear Dynamics in Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103004 (2009).
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J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
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B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Havermeier, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging of the Structure of the Argon and Neon Dimer, Trimer, and Tetramer,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115, 6936–6941 (2011).
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J. Wu, A. Vredenborg, B. Ulrich, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Meckel, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Multiple Recapture of Electrons in Multiple Ionization of the Argon Dimer by a Strong Laser Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043003 (2011).
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B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Double-ionization mechanisms of the argon dimer in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013412 (2010).
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Th. Fennel, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, J. Tiggesbäumker, P.-G. Reinhard, P. M. Dinh, and E. Suraud, “Laser-driven nonlinear cluster dynamics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(2), 1793–1842 (2010).
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T. González-Lezana, J. Rubayo-Soneira, S. Miret-Artés, F. A. Gianturco, G. Delgado-Barrio, and P. Villarreal, “Comparative configurational study for He, Ne, and Ar trimers,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(18), 9000–9010 (1999).
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K. Kwon and A. Moscowitz, “Molecular Ion Geometries from Inversion of Coulomb Explosion Imaging Data,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(7), 1238–1241 (1996).
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J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1463–1545 (2003).
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Neumann, N.

F. Trinter, M. S. Schöffler, H.-K. Kim, F. P. Sturm, K. Cole, N. Neumann, A. Vredenborg, J. Williams, I. Bocharova, R. Guillemin, M. Simon, A. Belkacem, A. L. Landers, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Dörner, and T. Jahnke, “Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers,” Nature (London) 505, 664–666 (2014).
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J. Vorger, S. Zeller, J. Becht, N. Neumann, F. Sturm, H.-K. Kim, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, M. Kunitski, A. Kalinin, J. Wu, W. Schöllkopf, D. Bressanini, A. Czasch, J. B. Williams, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the structure of the trimer systems 4He3 and 3He4He2,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5765 (2014).
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Nubbemeyer, T.

B. Manschwetus, T. Nubbemeyer, K. Gorling, G. Steinmeyer, U. Eichmann, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, “Strong Laser Field Fragmentation of H2: Coulomb Explosion without Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(11), 113002 (2009).
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S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
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A. Chen, H. Price, A. Staudte, and A. Emmanouilidou, “Frustrated double ionization in two-electron triatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 94(4), 043408 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Chen, C. Lazarou, H. Price, and A. Emmanouilidou, “Frustrated double and single ionization in a two-electron triatomic molecule H3+,” J. Phys. B 49(23), 235001 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Price, C. Lazarou, and A. Emmanouilidou, “Toolkit for semiclassical computations for strongly driven molecules: Frustrated ionization of H2 driven by elliptical laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 90(5), 053419 (2014).
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P. Wopperer, P.M. Dinh, P.-G. Reinhard, and E. Suraud, “Electrons as probes of dynamics in molecules and clusters: A contribution from Time Dependent Density Functional Theory,” Phys. Rep. 562, 1–68 (2015).
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Th. Fennel, K.-H. Meiwes-Broer, J. Tiggesbäumker, P.-G. Reinhard, P. M. Dinh, and E. Suraud, “Laser-driven nonlinear cluster dynamics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(2), 1793–1842 (2010).
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S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
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B. Manschwetus, H. Rottke, G. Steinmeyer, L. Foucar, A. Czasch, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and W. Sandner, “Mechanisms underlying strong-field double ionization of argon dimers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013413 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Manschwetus, T. Nubbemeyer, K. Gorling, G. Steinmeyer, U. Eichmann, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, “Strong Laser Field Fragmentation of H2: Coulomb Explosion without Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(11), 113002 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rubayo-Soneira, J.

T. González-Lezana, J. Rubayo-Soneira, S. Miret-Artés, F. A. Gianturco, G. Delgado-Barrio, and P. Villarreal, “Comparative configurational study for He, Ne, and Ar trimers,” J. Chem. Phys. 110(18), 9000–9010 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sandner, W.

B. Manschwetus, H. Rottke, G. Steinmeyer, L. Foucar, A. Czasch, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and W. Sandner, “Mechanisms underlying strong-field double ionization of argon dimers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013413 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Manschwetus, T. Nubbemeyer, K. Gorling, G. Steinmeyer, U. Eichmann, H. Rottke, and W. Sandner, “Strong Laser Field Fragmentation of H2: Coulomb Explosion without Double Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(11), 113002 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sann, H.

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, A. Vredenborg, B. Ulrich, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Meckel, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Multiple Recapture of Electrons in Multiple Ionization of the Argon Dimer by a Strong Laser Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043003 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sayler, A. M.

J. McKenna, S. Zeng, J. J. Hua, A. M. Sayler, M. Zohrabi, N. G. Johnson, B. Gaire, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Frustrated tunneling ionization during laser-induced D2 fragmentation: Detection of excited metastable D* atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 84(4), 043425 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. McKenna, A. M. Sayler, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Benchmark Measurements of H3+ Nonlinear Dynamics in Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(10), 103004 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, L. Ph. H.

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, S. Eckart, A. Kalinin, A. Czasch, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Weber, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Determination of Interatomic Potentials of He2, Ne2, Ar2, and H2 by Wave Function Imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(8), 083002 (2018).
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S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Kunitski, S. Zeller, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, A. Czasch, W. Schöllkopf, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, D. Blume, and R. Dörner, “Observation of the Efimov state of the helium trimer,” Science 348(6234), 551–555 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Vorger, S. Zeller, J. Becht, N. Neumann, F. Sturm, H.-K. Kim, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, M. Kunitski, A. Kalinin, J. Wu, W. Schöllkopf, D. Bressanini, A. Czasch, J. B. Williams, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the structure of the trimer systems 4He3 and 3He4He2,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5765 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Gong, M. Kunitski, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, R. Dörner, and J. Wu, “Simultaneous probing of geometry and electronic orbital of ArCO by Coulomb-explosion imaging and angle-dependent tunneling rates,” Phys. Rev. A 88(1), 013422 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, M. Kunitski, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Structures of N2Ar, O2Ar, and O2Xe dimers studied by Coulomb explosion imaging,” J. Chem. Phys. 137(10), 104308 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, M. Meckel, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Kunitski, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, A. Czasch, and R. Dörner, “Probing the tunnelling site of electrons in strong field enhanced ionization of molecules,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1113 (2012).
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B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Havermeier, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging of the Structure of the Argon and Neon Dimer, Trimer, and Tetramer,” J. Phys. Chem. A 115, 6936–6941 (2011).
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J. Wu, A. Vredenborg, B. Ulrich, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Meckel, S. Voss, H. Sann, H. Kim, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Multiple Recapture of Electrons in Multiple Ionization of the Argon Dimer by a Strong Laser Field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 043003 (2011).
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J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1463–1545 (2003).
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Schmidt-Böcking, H.

F. Trinter, M. S. Schöffler, H.-K. Kim, F. P. Sturm, K. Cole, N. Neumann, A. Vredenborg, J. Williams, I. Bocharova, R. Guillemin, M. Simon, A. Belkacem, A. L. Landers, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Dörner, and T. Jahnke, “Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers,” Nature (London) 505, 664–666 (2014).
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B. Manschwetus, H. Rottke, G. Steinmeyer, L. Foucar, A. Czasch, H. Schmidt-Böcking, and W. Sandner, “Mechanisms underlying strong-field double ionization of argon dimers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013413 (2010).
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J. Ullrich, R. Moshammer, A. Dorn, R. Dörner, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, and H. Schmidt-Böcking, “Recoil-ion and electron momentum spectroscopy: reaction-microscopes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1463–1545 (2003).
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S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
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Schöffler, M.

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, S. Eckart, A. Kalinin, A. Czasch, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Weber, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Determination of Interatomic Potentials of He2, Ne2, Ar2, and H2 by Wave Function Imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(8), 083002 (2018).
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M. Kunitski, S. Zeller, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, A. Czasch, W. Schöllkopf, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, D. Blume, and R. Dörner, “Observation of the Efimov state of the helium trimer,” Science 348(6234), 551–555 (2015).
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S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
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F. Trinter, M. S. Schöffler, H.-K. Kim, F. P. Sturm, K. Cole, N. Neumann, A. Vredenborg, J. Williams, I. Bocharova, R. Guillemin, M. Simon, A. Belkacem, A. L. Landers, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Dörner, and T. Jahnke, “Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers,” Nature (London) 505, 664–666 (2014).
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S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
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M. Kunitski, S. Zeller, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. Schöffler, A. Czasch, W. Schöllkopf, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, D. Blume, and R. Dörner, “Observation of the Efimov state of the helium trimer,” Science 348(6234), 551–555 (2015).
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J. Vorger, S. Zeller, J. Becht, N. Neumann, F. Sturm, H.-K. Kim, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, M. Kunitski, A. Kalinin, J. Wu, W. Schöllkopf, D. Bressanini, A. Czasch, J. B. Williams, K. Ullmann-Pfleger, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, R. E. Grisenti, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the structure of the trimer systems 4He3 and 3He4He2,” Nat. Commun. 5, 5765 (2014).
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B. Ulrich, A. Vredenborg, A. Malakzadeh, M. Meckel, K. Cole, M. Smolarski, Z. Chang, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Double-ionization mechanisms of the argon dimer in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013412 (2010).
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F. Trinter, M. S. Schöffler, H.-K. Kim, F. P. Sturm, K. Cole, N. Neumann, A. Vredenborg, J. Williams, I. Bocharova, R. Guillemin, M. Simon, A. Belkacem, A. L. Landers, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Dörner, and T. Jahnke, “Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers,” Nature (London) 505, 664–666 (2014).
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S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, M. Waitz, F. Trinter, S. Eckart, A. Kalinin, A. Czasch, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, T. Weber, M. Schöffler, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Determination of Interatomic Potentials of He2, Ne2, Ar2, and H2 by Wave Function Imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121(8), 083002 (2018).
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F. Trinter, M. S. Schöffler, H.-K. Kim, F. P. Sturm, K. Cole, N. Neumann, A. Vredenborg, J. Williams, I. Bocharova, R. Guillemin, M. Simon, A. Belkacem, A. L. Landers, T. Weber, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Dörner, and T. Jahnke, “Resonant Auger decay driving intermolecular Coulombic decay in molecular dimers,” Nature (London) 505, 664–666 (2014).
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X. Ren, E. Wang, A. D. Skitnevskaya, A. B. Trofimov, K. Gokhberg, and A. Dorn, “Experimental evidence for ultrafast intermolecular relaxation processes in hydrated biomolecules,” Nat. Phys. 14, 1062–1066 (2018).
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Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

S. Zeller, M. Kunitski, J. Voigtsberger, A. Kalinin, A. Schottelius, C. Schober, M. Waitz, H. Sann, A. Hartung, T. Bauer, M. Pitzer, F. Trinter, C. Goihl, C. Janke, M. Richter, G. Kastirke, M. Weller, A. Czasch, M. Kitzler, M. Braune, R. E. Grisenti, W. Schöllkopf, L. Ph. H. Schmidt, M. S. Schöffler, J. B. Williams, T. Jahnke, and R. Dörner, “Imaging the He2 quantum halo state using a free electron laser,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 113(51), 14651–14655 (2016).
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Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

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Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

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Science (1)

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[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Electronic configuration for different charge states of a trimer: (a) X3, (b) X 3 + , (c) X 3 2 + , and (d) X 3 3 + . The unknown atom X is chosen as Ar and Ne for comparison in our following calculations. The grey contours represent the equipotential curves of electron in the combined Coulomb field of the ions.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The calculated KER spectra of argon (a) and neon trimers (c) starting from different initial charge states (ICS) at the intensities of 3 × 1014 W/cm2 and 2.4 × 1015 W/cm2, respectively. (b)(d) Comparison between the measured and the calculated KER spectra for the Coulomb explosion of argon and neon trimers. Here, the experimental data (scatters) are taken from [17], while the red curve in (b) and the green curve in (d) are simulations on argon and neon trimers with Ar 3 + and Ne 3 2 + as the initial electronic configurations, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Dalitz plots for Coulomb explosion of argon (a) and neon (b) trimers at the same laser intensities as in Fig. 2. (c)–(e) Dalitz plots for the argon trimer corresponding to the KER regions of RL, RM, and RH indicated in Fig. 2(b). (f)–(h) Same as (c)–(e) but for neon trimer.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Typical trajectories of the argon/neon trimers in the low (a)/(c) and high (b)/(d) KER regions, respectively. The evolution time is confined in between 13 o.c. and 13.2 o.c. for clear visualization. The inset figures are schematic drawings of the corresponding elliptical orbits.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Long-term evolution of the corresponding trajectories in Fig. 4 from 13.2 o.c. to 2000 o.c. for clear visualization of the motion of the ions. The red and green lines shows the trajectories of the Ar+/Ne+ and Ar2+/Ne2+, and the blue lines represents the excited electron bounded around the Ar2+/Ne2+ ions. The vertex angle θ included by the legs (dashed lines) of the isosceles triangle is also illustrated.

Equations (3)

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H = k = 1 3 P k 2 2 M + k , l = 1 , k < l 3 Z k Z l | R k R l | + i = 1 3 p i 2 2 + i , j = 1 , i < j 3 1 | r i r j | + k = 1 3 i = 1 3 Z k | R k r i | ,
d 2 r i d t 2 = ( t ) r i ( k = 1 3 Z k | R k r i | + j = 1 , j i 3 1 | r i r j | ) ,
d 2 R k d t 2 = Z k M ( t ) 1 M R k × ( i = 1 3 Z k | R k r i | + l = 1 , l k 3 Z k Z l | R k R l | ) ,

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