Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrated a monolithic fiber-Bragg-grating-based (FBG-based) master oscillator power amplification configuration fiber laser with a narrow linewidth at high-power level. Several approaches were implemented to reduce the seed laser linewidth and the magnification of spectrum broadening in order to achieve a narrow output linewidth. The narrow seed laser linewidth was obtained by restricting the reflection bandwidth of the FBG. To reduce the magnification of spectrum broadening, a backward pumping scheme was employed in the amplifier stage after its capacity to suppress laser spectrum broadening was preliminarily investigated experimentally. Further, by intentionally shortening the length of the active fiber in the amplifier and sharing the backward pumping power with the oscillator, the spectrum broadening was further inhibited without sacrificing optical efficiency. A maximum output power of 2.19 kW was achieved with a 3 dB spectrum bandwidth of only 86.5 pm. The beam quality at the maximum power was measured to be M2~1.46. No sign of transverse mode instability was shown during the experiments.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (5)

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Spectral broadening in narrow linewidth, continuous-wave high power fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 403, 155–161 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Su, Y. Liu, B. Yang, P. Ma, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and X. Xu, “Active polarization control of a 1.43 kW narrow linewidth fiber amplifier based on SPGD algorithm,” J. Opt. 19(4), 045802 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Shi, R. Su, H. Zhang, B. Yang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Xu, and Q. S. Lu, “Experimental study of output characteristics of bi-directional pumping high power fiber amplifier in different pumping schemes,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Yan, Y. Huang, J. Sun, D. Li, X. Wang, M. Gong, and Q. Xiao, “3.1 kW monolithic MOPA configuration fibre laser bidirectionally pumped by non-wavelength-stabilized laser diodes,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(8), 080001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, Z. Huang, X. Xiang, X. Liang, H. Lin, S. Xu, Z. Yang, J. Wang, and F. Jing, “Experimental demonstration of transverse mode instability enhancement by a counter-pumped scheme in a 2 kW all-fiberized laser,” Photon. Res. 5(2), 77–81 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

2015 (3)

2012 (1)

T. Theeg, H. Sayinc, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber counter-propagation pumped single frequency amplifier stage with 300-W output power,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1864–1867 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

Beier, F.

Chen, D.

F. Huang, X. Liu, Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er(3+)/Yb(3+)co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8233 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eberhardt, R.

Eidam, T.

Fang, Q.

Feng, Y.

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Spectral broadening in narrow linewidth, continuous-wave high power fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 403, 155–161 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Numerical analysis to four-wave mixing induced spectral broadening in high power fiber lasers,” in Xx International Symposium on High-Power Laser Systems and Applications((International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2015)), pp. 92550–92558.

Gong, M.

P. Yan, Y. Huang, J. Sun, D. Li, X. Wang, M. Gong, and Q. Xiao, “3.1 kW monolithic MOPA configuration fibre laser bidirectionally pumped by non-wavelength-stabilized laser diodes,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(8), 080001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Xiao, P. Yan, D. Li, J. Sun, X. Wang, Y. Huang, and M. Gong, “Bidirectional pumped high power Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6758–6768 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gowin, M.

Haarlammert, N.

Hao, J.

Hein, S.

Hu, L.

F. Huang, X. Liu, Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er(3+)/Yb(3+)co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8233 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, F.

F. Huang, X. Liu, Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er(3+)/Yb(3+)co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8233 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.

P. Yan, Y. Huang, J. Sun, D. Li, X. Wang, M. Gong, and Q. Xiao, “3.1 kW monolithic MOPA configuration fibre laser bidirectionally pumped by non-wavelength-stabilized laser diodes,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(8), 080001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Xiao, P. Yan, D. Li, J. Sun, X. Wang, Y. Huang, and M. Gong, “Bidirectional pumped high power Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6758–6768 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Z.

Hupel, C.

Ihring, J.

Jansen, F.

Jauregui, C.

Jing, F.

Jung, M.

Kang, S.

F. Huang, X. Liu, Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er(3+)/Yb(3+)co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8233 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ke, W.

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Spectral broadening in narrow linewidth, continuous-wave high power fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 403, 155–161 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Numerical analysis to four-wave mixing induced spectral broadening in high power fiber lasers,” in Xx International Symposium on High-Power Laser Systems and Applications((International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2015)), pp. 92550–92558.

Kracht, D.

T. Theeg, H. Sayinc, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber counter-propagation pumped single frequency amplifier stage with 300-W output power,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1864–1867 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kuhn, S.

Li, C.

Li, D.

P. Yan, Y. Huang, J. Sun, D. Li, X. Wang, M. Gong, and Q. Xiao, “3.1 kW monolithic MOPA configuration fibre laser bidirectionally pumped by non-wavelength-stabilized laser diodes,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(8), 080001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Xiao, P. Yan, D. Li, J. Sun, X. Wang, Y. Huang, and M. Gong, “Bidirectional pumped high power Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6758–6768 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

Li, T.

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Spectral broadening in narrow linewidth, continuous-wave high power fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 403, 155–161 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Numerical analysis to four-wave mixing induced spectral broadening in high power fiber lasers,” in Xx International Symposium on High-Power Laser Systems and Applications((International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2015)), pp. 92550–92558.

Li, Z.

Liang, X.

Limpert, J.

Lin, H.

Liu, X.

F. Huang, X. Liu, Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er(3+)/Yb(3+)co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8233 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

R. Su, Y. Liu, B. Yang, P. Ma, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and X. Xu, “Active polarization control of a 1.43 kW narrow linewidth fiber amplifier based on SPGD algorithm,” J. Opt. 19(4), 045802 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Lu, Q. S.

C. Shi, R. Su, H. Zhang, B. Yang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Xu, and Q. S. Lu, “Experimental study of output characteristics of bi-directional pumping high power fiber amplifier in different pumping schemes,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ludewigt, K.

Ma, P.

R. Su, Y. Liu, B. Yang, P. Ma, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and X. Xu, “Active polarization control of a 1.43 kW narrow linewidth fiber amplifier based on SPGD algorithm,” J. Opt. 19(4), 045802 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Ma, R. Tao, R. Su, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “1.89 kW all-fiberized and polarization-maintained amplifiers with narrow linewidth and near-diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Express 24(4), 4187–4195 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Spectral broadening in narrow linewidth, continuous-wave high power fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 403, 155–161 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, X. Liu, Y. Ma, S. Kang, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Origin of near to middle infrared luminescence and energy transfer process of Er(3+)/Yb(3+)co-doped fluorotellurite glasses under different excitations,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 8233 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhu, P. Zhou, Y. Ma, X. Xu, and Z. Liu, “Power scaling analysis of tandem-pumped Yb-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18645–18654 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Numerical analysis to four-wave mixing induced spectral broadening in high power fiber lasers,” in Xx International Symposium on High-Power Laser Systems and Applications((International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2015)), pp. 92550–92558.

Meng, X.

Neumann, J.

T. Theeg, H. Sayinc, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber counter-propagation pumped single frequency amplifier stage with 300-W output power,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1864–1867 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nold, J.

Otto, H.-J.

Qin, Y.

Sattler, B.

Sayinc, H.

T. Theeg, H. Sayinc, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber counter-propagation pumped single frequency amplifier stage with 300-W output power,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1864–1867 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Shi, C.

C. Shi, R. Su, H. Zhang, B. Yang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Xu, and Q. S. Lu, “Experimental study of output characteristics of bi-directional pumping high power fiber amplifier in different pumping schemes,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shi, W.

Stiles, E.

E. Stiles, “New developments in IPG fiber laser technology,” in Proceeding of the 5th International Workshop on Fiber Lasers (2009).

Stutzki, F.

Su, R.

R. Su, Y. Liu, B. Yang, P. Ma, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and X. Xu, “Active polarization control of a 1.43 kW narrow linewidth fiber amplifier based on SPGD algorithm,” J. Opt. 19(4), 045802 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Shi, R. Su, H. Zhang, B. Yang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Xu, and Q. S. Lu, “Experimental study of output characteristics of bi-directional pumping high power fiber amplifier in different pumping schemes,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Ma, R. Tao, R. Su, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “1.89 kW all-fiberized and polarization-maintained amplifiers with narrow linewidth and near-diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Express 24(4), 4187–4195 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, J.

P. Yan, Y. Huang, J. Sun, D. Li, X. Wang, M. Gong, and Q. Xiao, “3.1 kW monolithic MOPA configuration fibre laser bidirectionally pumped by non-wavelength-stabilized laser diodes,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(8), 080001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Xiao, P. Yan, D. Li, J. Sun, X. Wang, Y. Huang, and M. Gong, “Bidirectional pumped high power Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6758–6768 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y.

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Spectral broadening in narrow linewidth, continuous-wave high power fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 403, 155–161 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Numerical analysis to four-wave mixing induced spectral broadening in high power fiber lasers,” in Xx International Symposium on High-Power Laser Systems and Applications((International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2015)), pp. 92550–92558.

Tao, R.

ten Have, E.

Theeg, T.

T. Theeg, H. Sayinc, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber counter-propagation pumped single frequency amplifier stage with 300-W output power,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1864–1867 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tsybin, I.

Tünnermann, A.

Wang, J.

Wang, X.

P. Yan, Y. Huang, J. Sun, D. Li, X. Wang, M. Gong, and Q. Xiao, “3.1 kW monolithic MOPA configuration fibre laser bidirectionally pumped by non-wavelength-stabilized laser diodes,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(8), 080001 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Su, Y. Liu, B. Yang, P. Ma, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and X. Xu, “Active polarization control of a 1.43 kW narrow linewidth fiber amplifier based on SPGD algorithm,” J. Opt. 19(4), 045802 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Shi, R. Su, H. Zhang, B. Yang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Xu, and Q. S. Lu, “Experimental study of output characteristics of bi-directional pumping high power fiber amplifier in different pumping schemes,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Spectral broadening in narrow linewidth, continuous-wave high power fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 403, 155–161 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Ma, R. Tao, R. Su, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “1.89 kW all-fiberized and polarization-maintained amplifiers with narrow linewidth and near-diffraction-limited beam quality,” Opt. Express 24(4), 4187–4195 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Xiao, P. Yan, D. Li, J. Sun, X. Wang, Y. Huang, and M. Gong, “Bidirectional pumped high power Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6758–6768 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Numerical analysis to four-wave mixing induced spectral broadening in high power fiber lasers,” in Xx International Symposium on High-Power Laser Systems and Applications((International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2015)), pp. 92550–92558.

Wang, Y.

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Spectral broadening in narrow linewidth, continuous-wave high power fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 403, 155–161 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Numerical analysis to four-wave mixing induced spectral broadening in high power fiber lasers,” in Xx International Symposium on High-Power Laser Systems and Applications((International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2015)), pp. 92550–92558.

Wirth, C.

Wu, J.

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Spectral broadening in narrow linewidth, continuous-wave high power fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 403, 155–161 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Numerical analysis to four-wave mixing induced spectral broadening in high power fiber lasers,” in Xx International Symposium on High-Power Laser Systems and Applications((International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2015)), pp. 92550–92558.

Xiang, X.

Xiao, Q.

P. Yan, Y. Huang, J. Sun, D. Li, X. Wang, M. Gong, and Q. Xiao, “3.1 kW monolithic MOPA configuration fibre laser bidirectionally pumped by non-wavelength-stabilized laser diodes,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(8), 080001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Xiao, P. Yan, D. Li, J. Sun, X. Wang, Y. Huang, and M. Gong, “Bidirectional pumped high power Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6758–6768 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, S.

Xu, X.

C. Shi, R. Su, H. Zhang, B. Yang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Xu, and Q. S. Lu, “Experimental study of output characteristics of bi-directional pumping high power fiber amplifier in different pumping schemes,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Su, Y. Liu, B. Yang, P. Ma, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and X. Xu, “Active polarization control of a 1.43 kW narrow linewidth fiber amplifier based on SPGD algorithm,” J. Opt. 19(4), 045802 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, P. Zhou, Y. Ma, X. Xu, and Z. Liu, “Power scaling analysis of tandem-pumped Yb-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18645–18654 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Y.

Yan, P.

P. Yan, Y. Huang, J. Sun, D. Li, X. Wang, M. Gong, and Q. Xiao, “3.1 kW monolithic MOPA configuration fibre laser bidirectionally pumped by non-wavelength-stabilized laser diodes,” Laser Phys. Lett. 14(8), 080001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Xiao, P. Yan, D. Li, J. Sun, X. Wang, Y. Huang, and M. Gong, “Bidirectional pumped high power Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6758–6768 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, B.

R. Su, Y. Liu, B. Yang, P. Ma, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and X. Xu, “Active polarization control of a 1.43 kW narrow linewidth fiber amplifier based on SPGD algorithm,” J. Opt. 19(4), 045802 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Shi, R. Su, H. Zhang, B. Yang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Xu, and Q. S. Lu, “Experimental study of output characteristics of bi-directional pumping high power fiber amplifier in different pumping schemes,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Zhang, D.

Zhang, H.

C. Shi, R. Su, H. Zhang, B. Yang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Xu, and Q. S. Lu, “Experimental study of output characteristics of bi-directional pumping high power fiber amplifier in different pumping schemes,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–10 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, K.

Y. Feng, X. Wang, W. Ke, Y. Sun, K. Zhang, Y. Ma, T. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Wu, “Spectral broadening in narrow linewidth, continuous-wave high power fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 403, 155–161 (2017).
[Crossref]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The schematic diagram of the MOPA configuration fiber laser.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulated signal laser power distribution along the active fiber in forward pumping and backward pumping schemes. The simulation is based on steady-state rate equations [15].
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The schematic diagram of pumping schemes comparative experiment.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Spectrum broadening of the fiber laser output in the forward pumping and backward pumping scheme. The four curves show the 3 dB bandwidth in the forward pumping (circle) and backward pumping (lower triangle), as well as the 10 dB bandwidth in the forward pumping (square) and backward pumping (upper triangle) scheme.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Pump power distribution between the seed and amplifier.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The central wavelength of the NWS LD at different currents, as well as the corresponding absorption coefficient of both YDFs (a), and the simulated backward-pumping-induced seed power and output power when an NWS LD operates at different currents. The simulation is based on steady-state rate equations [15].
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The output signal laser power and amplifier extraction efficiency versus pumping power.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Bandwidth and central wavelength of the output laser spectrum at different power level.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Output laser spectrum at the power of 80 W (seed) and 2190 W. The inset graph is the output spectrum at 2190 W in linear scale.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Beam quality M2 factor of the output laser at (a) different power level and (b) 2190W.

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