Abstract

It is commonly adopted that the widely used method of terahertz generation by tilted-pulse-front pumping of a lithium niobate crystal is optimized when both the tilted front of the pump optical pulse and the image of the diffraction grating, which introduces the tilt, are parallel to the exit surface of the crystal. We consider more general situations. In particular, we show that a deviation of the grating image plane from parallel to the crystal exit surface leads to deterioration of the terahertz beam quality but does not significantly affect the terahertz energy. If the grating image plane and the crystal exit surface are mutual parallel, but they are nonparallel to the pulse front, the terahertz beam quality remains unaffected and the terahertz energy can be unexpectedly higher (about two times for pump pulses of a ~400 fs duration) than in the standard scheme. We propose a modified design of the tilted-pulse-front scheme based on our findings.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  33. S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (2)

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tóth, Z. Tibai, A. Sharma, J. A. Fülöp, and J. Hebling, “Single-cycle attosecond pulses by Thomson backscattering of terahertz pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 35(5), A103–A109 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

L. Tokodi, J. Hebling, and L. Pálfalvi, “Optimization of the tilted-pulse-front terahertz excitation setup containing telescope,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 38(1), 22–32 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Transient birefringence of liquids induced by terahertz electric-field torque on permanent molecular dipoles,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14963 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Toth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 17(3), 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses in a contact-grating scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(11), 2549–2557 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, Z. Ollmann, C. Lombosi, C. Skrobol, S. Klingebiel, L. Pálfalvi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Efficient generation of THz pulses with 0.4 mJ energy,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20155–20163 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ravi, W. R. Huang, S. Carbajo, X. Wu, and F. Kärtner, “Limitations to THz generation by optical rectification using tilted pulse fronts,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20239–20251 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

S.-W. Huang, E. Granados, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “High conversion efficiency, high energy terahertz pulses by optical rectification in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 796–798 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. J. Wong, A. Fallahi, and F. X. Kärtner, “Compact electron acceleration and bunch compression in THz waveguides,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9792–9806 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 163603 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Frühling, “Light-field streaking for FELs,” J. Phys. B 44(24), 243001 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and E. A. Mashkovich, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses: dynamic theory for low-absorbing crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(7), 1724–1734 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, U. Fruhling, M. Krikunova, T. Maltezopoulos, and M. Wieland, “Time-diagnostics for improved dynamics experiments at XUV FELs,” J. Phys. B 43(19), 194010 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and M. V. Tsarev, “Terahertz emission from a laser pulse with tilted front: phase-matching versus Cherenkov effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(7), 073105 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(17), 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

M. I. Bakunov, A. V. Maslov, and S. B. Bodrov, “Fresnel formulas for the forced electromagnetic pulses and their application for optical-to-terahertz conversion in nonlinear crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(20), 203904 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

N. Stoyanov, T. Feurer, D. Ward, E. Statz, and K. Nelson, “Direct visualization of a polariton resonator in the THz regime,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2387–2396 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrasort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

J. Hebling, “Derivation of the pulse front tilt caused by angular dispersion,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28(12), 1759–1763 (1996).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

Ahr, F.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Almási, G.

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(17), 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrasort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ardana-Lamas, F.

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bakunov, M. I.

M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses in a contact-grating scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(11), 2549–2557 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and E. A. Mashkovich, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses: dynamic theory for low-absorbing crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(7), 1724–1734 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and M. V. Tsarev, “Terahertz emission from a laser pulse with tilted front: phase-matching versus Cherenkov effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(7), 073105 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, A. V. Maslov, and S. B. Bodrov, “Fresnel formulas for the forced electromagnetic pulses and their application for optical-to-terahertz conversion in nonlinear crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(20), 203904 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartal, B.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrasort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

Beaud, P.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blanchard, F.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bodrov, S. B.

M. I. Bakunov and S. B. Bodrov, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses in a contact-grating scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(11), 2549–2557 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and E. A. Mashkovich, “Terahertz generation with tilted-front laser pulses: dynamic theory for low-absorbing crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(7), 1724–1734 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and M. V. Tsarev, “Terahertz emission from a laser pulse with tilted front: phase-matching versus Cherenkov effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(7), 073105 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. I. Bakunov, A. V. Maslov, and S. B. Bodrov, “Fresnel formulas for the forced electromagnetic pulses and their application for optical-to-terahertz conversion in nonlinear crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(20), 203904 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bressler, C.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carbajo, S.

Chuang, Y. D.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dakovski, G. L.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Jong, S.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Derlet, P. M.

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Doi, A.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Drescher, M.

M. Drescher, U. Fruhling, M. Krikunova, T. Maltezopoulos, and M. Wieland, “Time-diagnostics for improved dynamics experiments at XUV FELs,” J. Phys. B 43(19), 194010 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fallahi, A.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Wong, A. Fallahi, and F. X. Kärtner, “Compact electron acceleration and bunch compression in THz waveguides,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9792–9806 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fattinger, C.

Feurer, T.

Field, R. W.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 163603 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fleischer, S.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 163603 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fruhling, U.

M. Drescher, U. Fruhling, M. Krikunova, T. Maltezopoulos, and M. Wieland, “Time-diagnostics for improved dynamics experiments at XUV FELs,” J. Phys. B 43(19), 194010 (2010).
[Crossref]

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U. Frühling, “Light-field streaking for FELs,” J. Phys. B 44(24), 243001 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fülöp, J. A.

Granados, E.

Grischkowsky, D.

Grübel, S.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hauri, C. P.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hebling, J.

G. Tóth, Z. Tibai, A. Sharma, J. A. Fülöp, and J. Hebling, “Single-cycle attosecond pulses by Thomson backscattering of terahertz pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 35(5), A103–A109 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Tokodi, J. Hebling, and L. Pálfalvi, “Optimization of the tilted-pulse-front terahertz excitation setup containing telescope,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 38(1), 22–32 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Toth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 17(3), 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, Z. Ollmann, C. Lombosi, C. Skrobol, S. Klingebiel, L. Pálfalvi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Efficient generation of THz pulses with 0.4 mJ energy,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20155–20163 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(17), 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrasort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, “Derivation of the pulse front tilt caused by angular dispersion,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28(12), 1759–1763 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hirori, H.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, M. C.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hong, K.-H.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-W. Huang, E. Granados, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “High conversion efficiency, high energy terahertz pulses by optical rectification in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 796–798 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, H.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, S. W.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, S.-W.

Huang, W. R.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ravi, W. R. Huang, S. Carbajo, X. Wu, and F. Kärtner, “Limitations to THz generation by optical rectification using tilted pulse fronts,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20239–20251 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-W. Huang, E. Granados, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “High conversion efficiency, high energy terahertz pulses by optical rectification in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 796–798 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huber, L.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ingold, G.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, J. A.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, S. L.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jundt, D.

Kampfrath, T.

M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Transient birefringence of liquids induced by terahertz electric-field torque on permanent molecular dipoles,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14963 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karsch, S.

Kärtner, F.

Kärtner, F. X.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-W. Huang, E. Granados, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “High conversion efficiency, high energy terahertz pulses by optical rectification in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 796–798 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Wong, A. Fallahi, and F. X. Kärtner, “Compact electron acceleration and bunch compression in THz waveguides,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9792–9806 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keathley, P. D.

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keiding, S.

Klingebiel, S.

Koohpayeh, S. M.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kozma, I.

Krausz, F.

Krikunova, M.

M. Drescher, U. Fruhling, M. Krikunova, T. Maltezopoulos, and M. Wieland, “Time-diagnostics for improved dynamics experiments at XUV FELs,” J. Phys. B 43(19), 194010 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kubacka, T.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuhl, J.

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrasort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express 10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, W. S.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lombosi, C.

Luning, J.

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Malkov, Y. A.

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Maltezopoulos, T.

M. Drescher, U. Fruhling, M. Krikunova, T. Maltezopoulos, and M. Wieland, “Time-diagnostics for improved dynamics experiments at XUV FELs,” J. Phys. B 43(19), 194010 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mashkovich, E. A.

Maslov, A. V.

M. I. Bakunov, A. V. Maslov, and S. B. Bodrov, “Fresnel formulas for the forced electromagnetic pulses and their application for optical-to-terahertz conversion in nonlinear crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(20), 203904 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miller, R. J.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Minitti, M. P.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mishra, P. K.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moore, R. G.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moriena, G.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mücke, O. D.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murzanev, A. A.

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nanni, E. A.

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelson, K.

Nelson, K. A.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 163603 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ollmann, Z.

Pálfalvi, L.

L. Tokodi, J. Hebling, and L. Pálfalvi, “Optimization of the tilted-pulse-front terahertz excitation setup containing telescope,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 38(1), 22–32 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Toth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 17(3), 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Fülöp, Z. Ollmann, C. Lombosi, C. Skrobol, S. Klingebiel, L. Pálfalvi, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Efficient generation of THz pulses with 0.4 mJ energy,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20155–20163 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(17), 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Patthey, L.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Péter, Á.

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Polgár, K.

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ravi, K.

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ravi, W. R. Huang, S. Carbajo, X. Wu, and F. Kärtner, “Limitations to THz generation by optical rectification using tilted pulse fronts,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20239–20251 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reichert, J.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruchert, C.

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sajadi, M.

M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Transient birefringence of liquids induced by terahertz electric-field torque on permanent molecular dipoles,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14963 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santra, R.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scagnoli, V.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schlotter, W.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sergeev, Y. A.

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sharma, A.

Skrobol, C.

Small, D. L.

Song, L.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Statz, E.

Staub, U.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stepanov, A. G.

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrasort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, A. N.

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stoyanov, N.

Tanaka, K.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Thorwart, M.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tibai, Z.

Tokodi, L.

L. Tokodi, J. Hebling, and L. Pálfalvi, “Optimization of the tilted-pulse-front terahertz excitation setup containing telescope,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 38(1), 22–32 (2017).
[Crossref]

Toth, G.

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Toth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 17(3), 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tóth, G.

Tsarev, M. V.

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and M. V. Tsarev, “Terahertz emission from a laser pulse with tilted front: phase-matching versus Cherenkov effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(7), 073105 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tudu, B.

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Turner, J. J.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Exter, M.

Vicario, C.

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ward, D.

Welsch, R.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wieland, M.

M. Drescher, U. Fruhling, M. Krikunova, T. Maltezopoulos, and M. Wieland, “Time-diagnostics for improved dynamics experiments at XUV FELs,” J. Phys. B 43(19), 194010 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wolf, M.

M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Transient birefringence of liquids induced by terahertz electric-field torque on permanent molecular dipoles,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14963 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, L. J.

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Wong, A. Fallahi, and F. X. Kärtner, “Compact electron acceleration and bunch compression in THz waveguides,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9792–9806 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, X.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Ravi, W. R. Huang, S. Carbajo, X. Wu, and F. Kärtner, “Limitations to THz generation by optical rectification using tilted pulse fronts,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20239–20251 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeh, K.-L.

Zalden, P.

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zapata, L. E.

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-W. Huang, E. Granados, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “High conversion efficiency, high energy terahertz pulses by optical rectification in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 796–798 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zelmon, D. E.

Zhou, Y.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 163603 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrasort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 593–599 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Novel setups for extremely high power single-cycle terahertz pulse generation by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(17), 171107 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. B. Bodrov, A. A. Murzanev, Y. A. Sergeev, Y. A. Malkov, and A. N. Stepanov, “Terahertz generation by tilted-front laser pulses in weakly and strongly nonlinear regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(25), 251103 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 091106 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, and M. V. Tsarev, “Terahertz emission from a laser pulse with tilted front: phase-matching versus Cherenkov effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(7), 073105 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Pálfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, Á. Péter, and K. Polgár, “Temperature dependence of the absorption and refraction of Mg-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3 in the THz range,” J. Appl. Phys. 97(12), 123505 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves (1)

L. Tokodi, J. Hebling, and L. Pálfalvi, “Optimization of the tilted-pulse-front terahertz excitation setup containing telescope,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 38(1), 22–32 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (6)

J. Phys. B (2)

M. Drescher, U. Fruhling, M. Krikunova, T. Maltezopoulos, and M. Wieland, “Time-diagnostics for improved dynamics experiments at XUV FELs,” J. Phys. B 43(19), 194010 (2010).
[Crossref]

U. Frühling, “Light-field streaking for FELs,” J. Phys. B 44(24), 243001 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (3)

E. A. Nanni, W. R. Huang, K.-H. Hong, K. Ravi, A. Fallahi, G. Moriena, R. J. Miller, and F. X. Kärtner, “Terahertz-driven linear electron acceleration,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 8486 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sajadi, M. Wolf, and T. Kampfrath, “Transient birefringence of liquids induced by terahertz electric-field torque on permanent molecular dipoles,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14963 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Zalden, L. Song, X. Wu, H. Huang, F. Ahr, O. D. Mücke, J. Reichert, M. Thorwart, P. K. Mishra, R. Welsch, R. Santra, F. X. Kärtner, and C. Bressler, “Molecular polarizability anisotropy of liquid water revealed by terahertz-induced transient orientation,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 2142 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

C. Vicario, C. Ruchert, F. Ardana-Lamas, P. M. Derlet, B. Tudu, J. Luning, and C. P. Hauri, “Off-resonant magnetization dynamics phase-locked to an intense phase-stable terahertz transient,” Nat. Photonics 7(9), 720–723 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hebling, “Derivation of the pulse front tilt caused by angular dispersion,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28(12), 1759–1763 (1996).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 163603 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. I. Bakunov, A. V. Maslov, and S. B. Bodrov, “Fresnel formulas for the forced electromagnetic pulses and their application for optical-to-terahertz conversion in nonlinear crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(20), 203904 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams (1)

L. Pálfalvi, J. A. Fülöp, G. Toth, and J. Hebling, “Evanescent-wave proton postaccelerator driven by intense THz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. Accel. Beams 17(3), 031301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

W. R. Huang, E. A. Nanni, K. Ravi, K.-H. Hong, A. Fallahi, L. J. Wong, P. D. Keathley, L. E. Zapata, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a terahertz-driven electron gun,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14899 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

T. Kubacka, J. A. Johnson, M. C. Hoffmann, C. Vicario, S. de Jong, P. Beaud, S. Grübel, S. W. Huang, L. Huber, L. Patthey, Y. D. Chuang, J. J. Turner, G. L. Dakovski, W. S. Lee, M. P. Minitti, W. Schlotter, R. G. Moore, C. P. Hauri, S. M. Koohpayeh, V. Scagnoli, G. Ingold, S. L. Johnson, and U. Staub, “Large-amplitude spin dynamics driven by a THz pulse in resonance with an electromagnon,” Science 343(6177), 1333–1336 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, and A. S. Chirkin, Optics of Femtosecond Laser Pulses (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1992).

We use Gaussian units in the paper. The nonlinear coefficient can be converted from SI to Gaussian units as d[cm/cgse] = d[pm/V]⋅3×10−8/(4π).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Generalized tilted-pulse-front excitation geometries: (a) with the grating image plane nonparallel to the exit surface of the crystal and the pulse front and (b) with the exit surface of the crystal and the grating image plane nonparallel to the pulse front. In (b), a Si prism is used to out-couple terahertz radiation.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a)-(c) Distributions of the amplitude frequency spectrum | E ˜ z ( L, y ,ω ) | over y′ near the crystal exit boundary (at x′ = L–) for (a) θ = α = 63.3°, x 0 = 1.6, (b) θ = 45°, x 0 = 2.2, and (c) θ = 75°, x 0 = 0.8. (d)-(f) Corresponding distributions of the electric field E z ( L, y , t ),t′ = tL/(Vcosα). The pump parameters are aFWHM = 3 mm and τ0FWHM = 100 fs, L = 2 mm. In (d)-(f), I0 = 10 GW/cm2.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The conversion efficiency and (b) the energy spectrum as functions of θ. Parameters aFWHM, τ0FWHM, and L are the same as in Fig. 2. In (a), I0 = 10 GW/cm2, inset shows x 0 as a function of θ. In (b), vertical line marks θ = α = 63.3°.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Illustration of the dispersion length L d for (a) θ < α and (b) θ > α. Lines BC are parallel to the grating image planes.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Characteristic lengths L d and ad as functions of θ. (b) Illustration of the dispersion limited pulse front size ad.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Illustration of the effective size of the emitting source (segment AB) for θ > α. The laser pulse is shown at three instants of time t1, t2, t3. (b) The optimal (maximizing the terahertz energy) positions of the grating image plane for θ = 45°, θ = 63°, and θ = 75°.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a), (b) Distributions of the amplitude frequency spectrum along the exit boundary of the LiNbO3 crystal for (a) θ = 45° and (b) θ = 75°. (c), (d) Corresponding distributions of the electric field, t” = tx′(y”)/(Vcosα). (e) Distributions of the terahertz fluence along the exit boundary of the Si prism for θ = 45° and θ = 75°. The curve for θ = α = 63.3° is shown for reference. Parameters aFWHM, τ0FWHM, and L are the same as in Fig. 2. In (c)-(e), I0 = 10 GW/cm2.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) The conversion efficiency as a function of θ for different τ 0FWHM . Wopt is fixed and corresponds to I0 = 10 GW/cm2 at τ 0FWHM = 100 fs; aFWHM = 3 mm, L = 2 mm. Vertical line marks the case θ = α. (b) Illustration of the emitting source for θ > α.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Schematic of the modified experimental setup.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 (a) The telescope magnification Μ L , terahertz beam ellipticities E L s,c , (b) grating groove density Λ L 1 , and (c) the refraction angle ψ as functions of θ.

Equations (21)

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I( x,y,t )= T entr I 0 τ 0 τ( x,y ) F( x,y,t )G( y ),
τ( x,y )= τ 0 1+ ( x x 0 +ytanθ ) 2 / L d 2 ,
β 2 eff = β 2 n g 2 λ opt tan 2 α 2π c 2 n p .
L d [ mm ]2.3× 10 5 × τ 0FWHM 2 [ fs ],
P NL ( x,y,t )=d 8π c n p I( x,y,t ),
ε( ω )= ε + ( ε 0 ε ) ω TO 2 ω TO 2 ω 2 +iνω
P NL ( x , y ,t )= T entr I 0 8πd τ 0 c n p τ( x , y ) F( x , y ,t )G( x , y )
τ( x , y )= τ 0 1+ [ ( x x 0 )cos( θα )+ y sin( θα ) ] 2 L d 2 cos 2 θ ,
E z ( x , y ,t )= dω E ˜ z ( x , y ,ω ) e iωt = dω dg E ˜ z ( x ,g,ω ) e iωtig y
E ˜ z ( x ,g,ω )= 2π ω 2 i h c c 2 x d x P ˜ NL ( x ,g,ω ) e i h c ( x x ) ,
W= 0 w( ω )dω
w( ω )=2π c 2 ω/c ω/c dg h v ω T exit ( ω,g ) | E ˜ z ( x =L,g,ω ) | 2
Φ LN ( y )cos( θα ) c n THz 4π dt E z 2 [ x ( y ), y ( y ),t ],
Φ air ( η )= T LN-Si-air cosψ Φ LN ( γη ).
W= dη Φ air ( η ).
L d = L d cosθ/ cos( θα ) .
a d = L d cosθ/ | sin( θα ) | ,
a eff = a FWHM / cosθ .
tanθ= n p Μ tan φ D , tanα= λ opt Μ n g Λcos φ D ,
Μ L = n p n g tanα 2tanθ , Λ L = λ opt 2 1+ 2 n p n g tanαtanθ .
E L s = cosψ cosθ , E L c = cosψ Μ L cosθ

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