Abstract

In this work, 1 GHz video data was collected by a CMOS camera and successfully transmitted by the electro-optic (EO) modulator driven by an external modulation module integrated onto the same chip. For this application, the EO modulator component included a polymer waveguide modulator, which performed a 20 GHz bandwidth, clear eye diagram opening with a Q factor of 10.3 at 32 Gbit/s and a drive voltage of 1.5 Vpp. By utilizing a thermally stable EO polymer, the wide-band polymer modular can yield a photonic integrated camera sensor system which is a reliable processing platform for real-time data processing.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2018 (1)

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Kieninger, L. Altenhain, R. Schmid, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder Modulators for 100 Gbit/s on-off Keying,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (3)

2016 (1)

2015 (1)

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

T. Yamazato, I. Takai, H. Okada, T. Fujii, T. Yendo, S. Arai, M. Andoh, T. Harada, K. Yasutomi, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “Image-sensor-based visible light communication for automotive applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(7), 88–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Rhee, H. Choi, H. Lee, and M. Park, “Power-Aware Data Transmission for Real-Time Communication in Multimedia Sensor Networks,” Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Netw. 10(6), 405171 (2014).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2009 (2)

S. Takahashi, B. Bhola, A. Yick, W. H. Steier, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, D. Jin, and R. Dinu, “Photo-Stability Measurement of Electro-Optic Polymer Waveguides with High Intensity at 1550-nm Wavelength,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(8), 1045–1050 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology-A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiberoptic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

H. Nixon, S. E. Kemeny, B. Pain, C. O. Staller, and E. R. Fossum, “256/spl times/256 CMOS active pixel sensor camera-on-a-chip,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circ. 31(12), 2046–2050 (1996).
[Crossref]

Alloatti, L.

C. Koos, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, M. Kohl, L. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, A. L. Giesecke, M. Lauermann, A. Melikyan, S. Koeber, S. Wolf, C. Weimann, S. Muehlbrandt, K. Koehnle, J. Pfeifle, W. Hartmann, Y. Kutuvantavida, S. Ummethala, R. Palmer, D. Korn, L. Alloatti, P. C. Schindler, D. L. Elder, T. Wahlbrink, and J. Bolten, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) and Plasmonic-Organic Hybrid (POH) Integration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 256–268 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Altenhain, L.

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Kieninger, L. Altenhain, R. Schmid, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder Modulators for 100 Gbit/s on-off Keying,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andoh, M.

T. Yamazato, I. Takai, H. Okada, T. Fujii, T. Yendo, S. Arai, M. Andoh, T. Harada, K. Yasutomi, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “Image-sensor-based visible light communication for automotive applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(7), 88–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Arai, S.

T. Yamazato, I. Takai, H. Okada, T. Fujii, T. Yendo, S. Arai, M. Andoh, T. Harada, K. Yasutomi, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “Image-sensor-based visible light communication for automotive applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(7), 88–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Asanovic, K.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atabaki, A. H.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Attanasio, D. V.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiberoptic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[Crossref]

Avizienis, R. R.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baets, R.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology-A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bhola, B.

Biaggio, I.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology-A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bogaerts, W.

Bolten, J.

Bossi, D. E.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiberoptic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[Crossref]

Brosi, J.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology-A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Carrer, H.

R. A. Griffin, N. Swenson, D. Crivelli, H. Carrer, M. Hueda, P. Voois, O. Ogazzi, and F. Donadio, “Combination of InP MZM transmitter and monolithic CMOS 8-state MLSE receiver for dispersion tolerant 10 Gb/s transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2008.
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.-H.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, H.

S. Rhee, H. Choi, H. Lee, and M. Park, “Power-Aware Data Transmission for Real-Time Communication in Multimedia Sensor Networks,” Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Netw. 10(6), 405171 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cook, H. M.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crivelli, D.

R. A. Griffin, N. Swenson, D. Crivelli, H. Carrer, M. Hueda, P. Voois, O. Ogazzi, and F. Donadio, “Combination of InP MZM transmitter and monolithic CMOS 8-state MLSE receiver for dispersion tolerant 10 Gb/s transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2008.
[Crossref]

Dalton, L.

Dalton, L. R.

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

Diederich, F.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology-A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dinu, R.

Donadio, F.

R. A. Griffin, N. Swenson, D. Crivelli, H. Carrer, M. Hueda, P. Voois, O. Ogazzi, and F. Donadio, “Combination of InP MZM transmitter and monolithic CMOS 8-state MLSE receiver for dispersion tolerant 10 Gb/s transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2008.
[Crossref]

Dumon, P.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology-A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Elder, D. L.

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, M. Kohl, L. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, A. L. Giesecke, M. Lauermann, A. Melikyan, S. Koeber, S. Wolf, C. Weimann, S. Muehlbrandt, K. Koehnle, J. Pfeifle, W. Hartmann, Y. Kutuvantavida, S. Ummethala, R. Palmer, D. Korn, L. Alloatti, P. C. Schindler, D. L. Elder, T. Wahlbrink, and J. Bolten, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) and Plasmonic-Organic Hybrid (POH) Integration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 256–268 (2016).
[Crossref]

Erben, C.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedeli, J.-M.

Fedoryshyn, Y.

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fossum, E. R.

H. Nixon, S. E. Kemeny, B. Pain, C. O. Staller, and E. R. Fossum, “256/spl times/256 CMOS active pixel sensor camera-on-a-chip,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circ. 31(12), 2046–2050 (1996).
[Crossref]

Fournier, M.

Frank, B.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology-A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Freude, W.

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Kieninger, L. Altenhain, R. Schmid, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder Modulators for 100 Gbit/s on-off Keying,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, M. Kohl, L. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, A. L. Giesecke, M. Lauermann, A. Melikyan, S. Koeber, S. Wolf, C. Weimann, S. Muehlbrandt, K. Koehnle, J. Pfeifle, W. Hartmann, Y. Kutuvantavida, S. Ummethala, R. Palmer, D. Korn, L. Alloatti, P. C. Schindler, D. L. Elder, T. Wahlbrink, and J. Bolten, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) and Plasmonic-Organic Hybrid (POH) Integration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 256–268 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology-A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fritz, D. J.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiberoptic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[Crossref]

Fujii, T.

T. Yamazato, I. Takai, H. Okada, T. Fujii, T. Yendo, S. Arai, M. Andoh, T. Harada, K. Yasutomi, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “Image-sensor-based visible light communication for automotive applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(7), 88–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gardes, F. Y.

Georgas, M. S.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giesecke, A. L.

Gill, D. M.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gopalan, P.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Griffin, R. A.

R. A. Griffin, N. Swenson, D. Crivelli, H. Carrer, M. Hueda, P. Voois, O. Ogazzi, and F. Donadio, “Combination of InP MZM transmitter and monolithic CMOS 8-state MLSE receiver for dispersion tolerant 10 Gb/s transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2008.
[Crossref]

Grosse, P.

Haffner, C.

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hallemeier, P. F.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiberoptic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[Crossref]

Harada, T.

T. Yamazato, I. Takai, H. Okada, T. Fujii, T. Yendo, S. Arai, M. Andoh, T. Harada, K. Yasutomi, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “Image-sensor-based visible light communication for automotive applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(7), 88–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hartmann, W.

Heber, J. D.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heni, W.

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

Honegger, D.

D. Honegger, L. Meier, P. Tanskanen, and M. Pollefeys, “An open source and open hardware embedded metric optical flow CMOS camera for indoor and outdoor applications,” IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1736–1741.
[Crossref]

Hu, Y.

Hueda, M.

R. A. Griffin, N. Swenson, D. Crivelli, H. Carrer, M. Hueda, P. Voois, O. Ogazzi, and F. Donadio, “Combination of InP MZM transmitter and monolithic CMOS 8-state MLSE receiver for dispersion tolerant 10 Gb/s transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2008.
[Crossref]

Jen, A. K.

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Kieninger, L. Altenhain, R. Schmid, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder Modulators for 100 Gbit/s on-off Keying,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Takahashi, B. Bhola, A. Yick, W. H. Steier, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, D. Jin, and R. Dinu, “Photo-Stability Measurement of Electro-Optic Polymer Waveguides with High Intensity at 1550-nm Wavelength,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(8), 1045–1050 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jin, D.

Johnson, L. E.

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kagawa, K.

T. Yamazato, I. Takai, H. Okada, T. Fujii, T. Yendo, S. Arai, M. Andoh, T. Harada, K. Yasutomi, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “Image-sensor-based visible light communication for automotive applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(7), 88–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kashino, T.

Katz, H. E.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawahito, S.

T. Yamazato, I. Takai, H. Okada, T. Fujii, T. Yendo, S. Arai, M. Andoh, T. Harada, K. Yasutomi, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “Image-sensor-based visible light communication for automotive applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(7), 88–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kemeny, S. E.

H. Nixon, S. E. Kemeny, B. Pain, C. O. Staller, and E. R. Fossum, “256/spl times/256 CMOS active pixel sensor camera-on-a-chip,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circ. 31(12), 2046–2050 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kieninger, C.

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Kieninger, L. Altenhain, R. Schmid, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder Modulators for 100 Gbit/s on-off Keying,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kikuchi, T.

Kissa, K. M.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiberoptic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[Crossref]

Koeber, S.

Koehnle, K.

Kohl, M.

Koos, C.

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Kieninger, L. Altenhain, R. Schmid, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder Modulators for 100 Gbit/s on-off Keying,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, M. Kohl, L. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, A. L. Giesecke, M. Lauermann, A. Melikyan, S. Koeber, S. Wolf, C. Weimann, S. Muehlbrandt, K. Koehnle, J. Pfeifle, W. Hartmann, Y. Kutuvantavida, S. Ummethala, R. Palmer, D. Korn, L. Alloatti, P. C. Schindler, D. L. Elder, T. Wahlbrink, and J. Bolten, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) and Plasmonic-Organic Hybrid (POH) Integration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 256–268 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology-A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Korn, D.

Kumar, R.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kutuvantavida, Y.

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Kieninger, L. Altenhain, R. Schmid, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder Modulators for 100 Gbit/s on-off Keying,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, M. Kohl, L. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, A. L. Giesecke, M. Lauermann, A. Melikyan, S. Koeber, S. Wolf, C. Weimann, S. Muehlbrandt, K. Koehnle, J. Pfeifle, W. Hartmann, Y. Kutuvantavida, S. Ummethala, R. Palmer, D. Korn, L. Alloatti, P. C. Schindler, D. L. Elder, T. Wahlbrink, and J. Bolten, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) and Plasmonic-Organic Hybrid (POH) Integration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 256–268 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lafaw, D. A.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiberoptic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lauermann, M.

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Kieninger, L. Altenhain, R. Schmid, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder Modulators for 100 Gbit/s on-off Keying,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, M. Kohl, L. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, A. L. Giesecke, M. Lauermann, A. Melikyan, S. Koeber, S. Wolf, C. Weimann, S. Muehlbrandt, K. Koehnle, J. Pfeifle, W. Hartmann, Y. Kutuvantavida, S. Ummethala, R. Palmer, D. Korn, L. Alloatti, P. C. Schindler, D. L. Elder, T. Wahlbrink, and J. Bolten, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) and Plasmonic-Organic Hybrid (POH) Integration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 256–268 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, H.

S. Rhee, H. Choi, H. Lee, and M. Park, “Power-Aware Data Transmission for Real-Time Communication in Multimedia Sensor Networks,” Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Netw. 10(6), 405171 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, M.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leu, J. C.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leuthold, J.

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, M. Kohl, L. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, A. L. Giesecke, M. Lauermann, A. Melikyan, S. Koeber, S. Wolf, C. Weimann, S. Muehlbrandt, K. Koehnle, J. Pfeifle, W. Hartmann, Y. Kutuvantavida, S. Ummethala, R. Palmer, D. Korn, L. Alloatti, P. C. Schindler, D. L. Elder, T. Wahlbrink, and J. Bolten, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) and Plasmonic-Organic Hybrid (POH) Integration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 256–268 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology-A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lin, S.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, J.

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Kieninger, L. Altenhain, R. Schmid, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder Modulators for 100 Gbit/s on-off Keying,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Takahashi, B. Bhola, A. Yick, W. H. Steier, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, D. Jin, and R. Dinu, “Photo-Stability Measurement of Electro-Optic Polymer Waveguides with High Intensity at 1550-nm Wavelength,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(8), 1045–1050 (2009).
[Crossref]

Maack, D.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiberoptic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mashanovich, G.

McBrien, G. J.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiberoptic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[Crossref]

McGee, D. J.

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meier, L.

D. Honegger, L. Meier, P. Tanskanen, and M. Pollefeys, “An open source and open hardware embedded metric optical flow CMOS camera for indoor and outdoor applications,” IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1736–1741.
[Crossref]

Melikyan, A.

Miura, H.

Moss, B. R.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muehlbrandt, S.

Murphy, E. J.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiberoptic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nawata, H.

Nixon, H.

H. Nixon, S. E. Kemeny, B. Pain, C. O. Staller, and E. R. Fossum, “256/spl times/256 CMOS active pixel sensor camera-on-a-chip,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circ. 31(12), 2046–2050 (1996).
[Crossref]

Odoi, K.

Ogazzi, O.

R. A. Griffin, N. Swenson, D. Crivelli, H. Carrer, M. Hueda, P. Voois, O. Ogazzi, and F. Donadio, “Combination of InP MZM transmitter and monolithic CMOS 8-state MLSE receiver for dispersion tolerant 10 Gb/s transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2008.
[Crossref]

Okada, H.

T. Yamazato, I. Takai, H. Okada, T. Fujii, T. Yendo, S. Arai, M. Andoh, T. Harada, K. Yasutomi, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “Image-sensor-based visible light communication for automotive applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(7), 88–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Orcutt, J. S.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ou, A. J.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozawa, M.

Pain, B.

H. Nixon, S. E. Kemeny, B. Pain, C. O. Staller, and E. R. Fossum, “256/spl times/256 CMOS active pixel sensor camera-on-a-chip,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circ. 31(12), 2046–2050 (1996).
[Crossref]

Palmer, R.

Park, M.

S. Rhee, H. Choi, H. Lee, and M. Park, “Power-Aware Data Transmission for Real-Time Communication in Multimedia Sensor Networks,” Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Netw. 10(6), 405171 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pavanello, F.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfeifle, J.

Pollefeys, M.

D. Honegger, L. Meier, P. Tanskanen, and M. Pollefeys, “An open source and open hardware embedded metric optical flow CMOS camera for indoor and outdoor applications,” IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1736–1741.
[Crossref]

Popovic, M. A.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, F.

Ram, R. J.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Randel, S.

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Kieninger, L. Altenhain, R. Schmid, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder Modulators for 100 Gbit/s on-off Keying,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reed, G. T.

Rhee, S.

S. Rhee, H. Choi, H. Lee, and M. Park, “Power-Aware Data Transmission for Real-Time Communication in Multimedia Sensor Networks,” Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Netw. 10(6), 405171 (2014).
[Crossref]

Robinson, B. H.

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sato, H.

Schindler, P. C.

Schmid, R.

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Kieninger, L. Altenhain, R. Schmid, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder Modulators for 100 Gbit/s on-off Keying,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scimeca, M. L.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology-A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shainline, J. M.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spring, A. M.

Staller, C. O.

H. Nixon, S. E. Kemeny, B. Pain, C. O. Staller, and E. R. Fossum, “256/spl times/256 CMOS active pixel sensor camera-on-a-chip,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circ. 31(12), 2046–2050 (1996).
[Crossref]

Steier, W. H.

Stojanovic, V. M.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, C.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Swenson, N.

R. A. Griffin, N. Swenson, D. Crivelli, H. Carrer, M. Hueda, P. Voois, O. Ogazzi, and F. Donadio, “Combination of InP MZM transmitter and monolithic CMOS 8-state MLSE receiver for dispersion tolerant 10 Gb/s transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2008.
[Crossref]

Takahashi, S.

Takai, I.

T. Yamazato, I. Takai, H. Okada, T. Fujii, T. Yendo, S. Arai, M. Andoh, T. Harada, K. Yasutomi, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “Image-sensor-based visible light communication for automotive applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(7), 88–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tanskanen, P.

D. Honegger, L. Meier, P. Tanskanen, and M. Pollefeys, “An open source and open hardware embedded metric optical flow CMOS camera for indoor and outdoor applications,” IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1736–1741.
[Crossref]

Thomson, D. J.

Tillack, A. F.

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ummethala, S.

Voois, P.

R. A. Griffin, N. Swenson, D. Crivelli, H. Carrer, M. Hueda, P. Voois, O. Ogazzi, and F. Donadio, “Combination of InP MZM transmitter and monolithic CMOS 8-state MLSE receiver for dispersion tolerant 10 Gb/s transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2008.
[Crossref]

Wade, M. T.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wahlbrink, T.

Waterman, A. S.

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weimann, C.

Wolf, S.

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Kieninger, L. Altenhain, R. Schmid, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder Modulators for 100 Gbit/s on-off Keying,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, J. Leuthold, W. Freude, M. Kohl, L. Dalton, W. Bogaerts, A. L. Giesecke, M. Lauermann, A. Melikyan, S. Koeber, S. Wolf, C. Weimann, S. Muehlbrandt, K. Koehnle, J. Pfeifle, W. Hartmann, Y. Kutuvantavida, S. Ummethala, R. Palmer, D. Korn, L. Alloatti, P. C. Schindler, D. L. Elder, T. Wahlbrink, and J. Bolten, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) and Plasmonic-Organic Hybrid (POH) Integration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 256–268 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wooten, E. L.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiberoptic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yamazato, T.

T. Yamazato, I. Takai, H. Okada, T. Fujii, T. Yendo, S. Arai, M. Andoh, T. Harada, K. Yasutomi, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “Image-sensor-based visible light communication for automotive applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(7), 88–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yasutomi, K.

T. Yamazato, I. Takai, H. Okada, T. Fujii, T. Yendo, S. Arai, M. Andoh, T. Harada, K. Yasutomi, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “Image-sensor-based visible light communication for automotive applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(7), 88–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yendo, T.

T. Yamazato, I. Takai, H. Okada, T. Fujii, T. Yendo, S. Arai, M. Andoh, T. Harada, K. Yasutomi, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “Image-sensor-based visible light communication for automotive applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(7), 88–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yick, A.

Yi-Yan, A.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiberoptic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yokoyama, S.

Zwickel, H.

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Kieninger, L. Altenhain, R. Schmid, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder Modulators for 100 Gbit/s on-off Keying,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (1)

W. Heni, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Haffner, H. Zwickel, C. Kieninger, S. Wolf, M. Lauermann, Y. Fedoryshyn, A. F. Tillack, L. E. Johnson, D. L. Elder, B. H. Robinson, W. Freude, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and L. R. Dalton, “Silicon−Organic and Plasmonic−Organic Hybrid Photonics,” ACS Photonics 4(7), 1576–1590 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

T. Yamazato, I. Takai, H. Okada, T. Fujii, T. Yendo, S. Arai, M. Andoh, T. Harada, K. Yasutomi, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “Image-sensor-based visible light communication for automotive applications,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 52(7), 88–97 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. (1)

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiberoptic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Solid-State Circ. (1)

H. Nixon, S. E. Kemeny, B. Pain, C. O. Staller, and E. R. Fossum, “256/spl times/256 CMOS active pixel sensor camera-on-a-chip,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circ. 31(12), 2046–2050 (1996).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Netw. (1)

S. Rhee, H. Choi, H. Lee, and M. Park, “Power-Aware Data Transmission for Real-Time Communication in Multimedia Sensor Networks,” Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Netw. 10(6), 405171 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Nature (1)

C. Sun, M. T. Wade, Y. Lee, J. S. Orcutt, L. Alloatti, M. S. Georgas, A. S. Waterman, J. M. Shainline, R. R. Avizienis, S. Lin, B. R. Moss, R. Kumar, F. Pavanello, A. H. Atabaki, H. M. Cook, A. J. Ou, J. C. Leu, Y.-H. Chen, K. Asanović, R. J. Ram, M. A. Popović, and V. M. Stojanović, “Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light,” Nature 528(7583), 534–538 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Proc. IEEE (1)

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology-A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

S. Wolf, H. Zwickel, W. Hartmann, M. Lauermann, Y. Kutuvantavida, C. Kieninger, L. Altenhain, R. Schmid, J. Luo, A. K. Jen, S. Randel, W. Freude, and C. Koos, “Silicon-Organic Hybrid (SOH) Mach-Zehnder Modulators for 100 Gbit/s on-off Keying,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 2598 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, “Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer,” Science 298(5597), 1401–1403 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (5)

D. Honegger, L. Meier, P. Tanskanen, and M. Pollefeys, “An open source and open hardware embedded metric optical flow CMOS camera for indoor and outdoor applications,” IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1736–1741.
[Crossref]

J. Liu, Photonic Devices (Cambridge University, 2005), pp. 479–496.

R. A. Griffin, N. Swenson, D. Crivelli, H. Carrer, M. Hueda, P. Voois, O. Ogazzi, and F. Donadio, “Combination of InP MZM transmitter and monolithic CMOS 8-state MLSE receiver for dispersion tolerant 10 Gb/s transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2008.
[Crossref]

H. Subbaraman, Z. Pan, C. Zhang, Q. Li, L. J. Guo, and R. T. Chen, “Printed polymer photonic devices for optical interconnect systems,” in Photonics West (SPIE, 2016), paper 97530Y–97530Y–10.

S. Yokoyama, G. W. Lu, H. Miura, Q. Feng, and A. M. Spring, “96 Gbit/s PAM-4 Generation using an Electro-Optic Polymer Modulator with High Thermal Stability,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO, 2018), pp. M2B–M3B.
[Crossref]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of the EO polymer modulator layers with the travelling wave electrode design, the polymer layers were spin-coated on to a sol-gel cladding layer. (b) The simulation result of the characteristic 3dB bandwidth model behavior and impedance of the microstrip line over the electrode width range of 10–100 μm. The characteristic impedance (at 20 μm) is matched with 50 Ω along the GSG transition direction.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) The measured normalized EO response of the modulator as a function of RF frequency in a small signal modulation test. The 3-dB modulation bandwidth was measured as 20 GHz. (b) The measured eye diagram at 32 Gbit/s was obtained. Peak-to-peak drive voltages of 1.5 Vpp was sufficient to generate a high-quality optical signal. The measured Q factor amounted to 10.3.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a). The schematic demonstration of video data transmission experimental system. (b) The CMOS camera with 1 Gbps rate integrated on the backside of CMOS chip. (c) The demonstration of modulation module consisted of the bare modulator and external modulator drive on the front side of CMOS chip. (d) The demonstration of how the on-chip modulation module and camera collect the data of a moving target object. (e) The actual demonstration of experimental system.

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