Abstract

We propose and fabricate a multi-primary-color (MPC) quantum-dot down-converting film (QDDCF). A four-primary-color QDDCF composed of red (R), yellowish green (YG), bluish green (BG), and blue (B) subpixels was fabricated via totally five rounds of photolithographic processes. A verification platform was built up using a laser projector, and the measured results show that the QD film can expand display color gamut to 118.60% of Rec. 2020 and can cover the entire Pointer’s gamut. The issues of blue light absorption and film thickness are analyzed in detail. The combination of MPC technology and QDDCF is a potential strategy to realize ultra wide color gamut for emerging display technologies.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]

2019 (7)

R. Dang, N. Wang, G. Liu, Y. Yuan, J. Liu, and H. J. Tan, “Illumination in museums: Four-primary white LEDs to optimize the protective effect and color quality,” IEEE Photonics J. 11(1), 1–15 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Bai, H. C. Yang, B. X. Zhao, X. L. Zhang, X. Li, B. Xu, F. Wei, Z. J. Liu, K. Wang, and X. W. Sun, “Flexible quantum dot color converter film for Micro-LED applications,” Dig. Tech. Pap. - Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. 50(1), 30–33 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Lee and C. Lee, “High-density quantum dots composites and its photolithographic patterning applications,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 30(3), 749–754 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. P. Hu, S. J. Zhang, W. X. Peng, S. R. Zhang, Y. Y. Li, D. Z. Li, S. B. Jiao, S. J. Chen, C. Y. Lee, and H. Zhou, “Inkjet-printed quantum dot display with blue OLEDs for next generation display,” Dig. Tech. Pap. - Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. 50(1), 1075–1078 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. Um, H. J. Kim, and J. H. Jo, “Enhancing efficiency of quantum dot/photoresist nanocomposite using wrinkled silica-quantum dot hybrid particles,” Chem. Eng. J. 369, 109–115 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Osinski and P. Palomaki, “Quantum dot design criteria for color conversion in MicroLED displays,” Dig. Tech. Pap. - Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. 50(1), 34–37 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. M. Kim, M. Ryu, J. H. J. Cha, H. S. Kim, T. Jeong, and J. Jang, “Ten micrometer pixel, quantum dots color conversion layer for high resolution and full color active matrix micro-LED display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 27(6), 347–353 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (5)

Y. H. Ko, M. Jalalah, S. J. Lee, and J. G. Park, “Super ultra-high resolution liquid crystal-display using perovskite quantum-dot functional color filters,” Sci. Rep. 8(1), 12881 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. J. Ji, S. Jin, H. Zhang, S. M. Chen, and X. W. Sun, “Full color quantum dot light-emitting diodes patterned by photolithography technology,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26(3), 121–127 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. J. Yin, Z. W. Yu, T. Pan, X. M. Peng, X. Zhang, L. T. Zhang, and W. F. Xie, “Efficient and angle-stable white top-emitting organic light emitting devices with patterned quantum dots down-conversion films,” Org. Electron. 56, 46–50 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Schnauber, J. Schall, and S. Bounouar, “Deterministic integration of quantum dots into on-chip multi-mode interference beamsplitters using in-situ electron beam lithography,” Nano Lett. 18(4), 2336–2342 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yoon, H. Lee, H. Kang, J. H. Oh, and Y. R. Do, “Highly efficient wide-color-gamut QD-emissive LCDs using red and green perovskite core/shell QDs,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(47), 13023–13033 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (7)

H. Chen, J. He, and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on quantum-dot-enhanced liquid-crystal displays,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 23(5), 1–11 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Tomizawa, Y. Manabe, and N. Yata, “Color reproduction of a multiband 3D projector,” ITE Trans. on MTA. 5(4), 134–140 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiong, F. Deng, S. Xu, and S. F. Gao, “Performance analysis of multi-primary color display based on OLEDs/PLEDs,” Opt. Commun. 398, 49–55 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Lien, C. J. Chen, R. K. Chiang, and S. L. Wang, “Patternable color-conversion films based on thick-shell quantum dots,” Dig. Tech. Pap. - Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. 48(1), 558–561 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. J. Kim, M. H. Shin, and J. Y. Lee, “Realization of 95% of the Rec. 2020 color gamut in a highly efficient LCD using a patterned quantum dot film,” Opt. Express 25(10), 10724–10734 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. He, H. W. Chen, H. Chen, Y. N. Wang, S. T. Wu, and Y. J. Dong, “Hybrid downconverters with green perovskite polymer composite films for wide color gamut displays,” Opt. Express 25(11), 12915–12925 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. L. Dai, Y. Z. Deng, X. G. Peng, and Y. Z. Jin, “Quantum-dot light-emitting diodes for large-area displays: towards the dawn of commercialization,” Adv. Mater. 29(14), 1607022 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (6)

T. T. Zhou, B. Zhang, Y. L. Qi, D. N. Xie, J. K. Yao, Z. F. Cao, and J. S. Xue, “Fabrication and patterning of a wide-color-gamut color filter based on quantum dots,” Dig. Tech. Pap. - Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. 47(1), 1469–1471 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Matavž, R. C. Frunză, A. Drnovšek, V. Bobnar, and B. Malic, “Inkjet printing of uniform dielectric oxide structures from sol–gel inks by adjusting the solvent composition,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4(24), 5634–5641 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. J. Kim, M. H. Shin, J. S. Kim, and Y. J. Kim, “Optical efficiency enhancement in wide color gamut LCD by a patterned quantum dot film and short pass reflector,” Dig. Tech. Pap. - Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. 47(1), 827–829 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. J. Kim, M. H. Shin, and Y. J. Kim, “Optical efficiency enhancement in white organic light-emitting diode display with high color gamut using patterned quantum dot film and long pass filter,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(8S3), 08RF01 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. S. Park, J. Kyhm, H. H. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Kang, S. E. Lee, K. T. Lee, K. Park, N. Barange, J. Han, J. D. Song, W. K. Choi, and I. K. Han, “Alternative patterning process for realization of large-area, full-color, active quantum dot display,” Nano Lett. 16(11), 6946–6953 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Jiang, Z. Zhong, B. Liu, Z. He, J. Zou, L. Wang, J. Wang, J. Peng, and Y. Cao, “Coffee-ring-free quantum dot thin film using inkjet printing from a mixed-solvent system on modified ZnO transport layer for light-emitting devices,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(39), 26162–26168 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (5)

Z. Y. Luo, D. M. Xu, and S. T. Wu, “Emerging quantum-dots-enhanced LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(7), 526–539 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Luo and S. T. Wu, “A spatiotemporal four-primary color LCD with quantum dots,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(5), 367–372 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Anyfantakis and D. Baigl, “Dynamic Photocontrol of the Coffee-ring effect with optically tunable particle stickiness,” Angew. Chem. 126(51), 14301–14305 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Wang, B. S. Huang, K. S. Hsieh, and C. R. Sheu, “Comparative evaluation of the imaging performance of multi-primary color LCDs with RGBCW and RGBCY pixel units by simulation,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(9), 729–736 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhan, Z. Xu, C. Tian, Y. Wang, M. Chen, W. Kim, Z. Bu, X. Shao, and S. Lee, “Achieving standard wide color gamut by tuning led backlight and color filter spectrum in LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 22(11), 545–551 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

J. Tommila, A. Schramm, T. V. Hakkarainen, M. Dumitrescu, and M. Guina, “Size-dependent properties of single InAs quantum dots grown in nanoimprint lithography patterned GaAs pits,” Nanotechnology 24(23), 235204 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

M. Teragawa, A. Yoshida, K. Yoshiyama, S. Nakagawa, K. Tomizawa, and Y. Yoshida, “Multi-primary-color displays: The latest technologies and their benefits,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 20(1), 1–11 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

Z. J. Liu, K. M. Wong, W. C. Chong, and K. M. Lau, “Active matrix programmable monolithic light emitting diodes on silicon (LEDoS) displays,” Dig. Tech. Pap. - Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. 42(1), 1215–1218 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Hautefeuille, J. G. Lopez Cortes, M. C. Ortega Alfaro, M. P. Carreon Castro, and V. Velazquez, “Fabrication of a simple versatile micro-positioning setup for automated soft lithography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(11), 116104 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Tommila, A. Tukiainen, J. Viheril, A. Schramm, T. Hakkarainen, A. Aho, P. Stenberg, M. Dumitrescu, and M. Guina, “Nanoimprint lithography patterned GaAs templates for site-controlled InAs quantum dots,” J. Cryst. Growth 323(1), 183–186 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

H. C. Cheng, D. I. Ben, and S. T. Wu, “Five-primary-color LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(1), 3–7 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. C. Cheng, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Color breakup suppression in field-sequential five-primary-color LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(6), 229–234 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. H. Kwon, “A color-filterless LCD with RGB LED and lenticular-lens arrays,” J. Inf. Disp. 11(2), 45–48 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

O. Kenji, I. Yasuhisa, N. Yohzoh, T. Kazunari, M. Tomohiko, Y. Yuhichi, N. Kozo, and U. Shun, “Five-primary-color 60-inch LCD with novel wide color gamut and wide viewing angle,” Dig. Tech. Pap. - Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. 40(1), 927–930 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiong, L. Wang, W. Xu, J. H. Zou, H. B. Wu, Y. H. Xu, J. B. Peng, J. Wang, Y. Cao, and G. Yu, “Performance analysis of PLED based flat panel display with RGBW sub-pixel layout,” Org. Electron. 10(5), 857–862 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Kacar, J. Ray, M. Gungormus, E. E. Oren, C. Tamerler, and M. Sarikaya, “Quartz binding peptides as molecular linkers towards fabricating multifunctional micropatterned substrates,” Adv. Mater. 21(3), 295–299 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

E. Tekin, P. J. Smith, and U. S. Schubert, “Inkjet printing as a deposition and patterning tool for polymers and inorganic particles,” Soft Matter 4(4), 703–713 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

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2006 (2)

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2005 (3)

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2003 (1)

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H. Chen, J. He, and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on quantum-dot-enhanced liquid-crystal displays,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 23(5), 1–11 (2017).
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Chen, H. W.

Chen, K. J.

Chen, M.

H. Zhan, Z. Xu, C. Tian, Y. Wang, M. Chen, W. Kim, Z. Bu, X. Shao, and S. Lee, “Achieving standard wide color gamut by tuning led backlight and color filter spectrum in LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 22(11), 545–551 (2014).
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T. J. Ji, S. Jin, H. Zhang, S. M. Chen, and X. W. Sun, “Full color quantum dot light-emitting diodes patterned by photolithography technology,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26(3), 121–127 (2018).
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Chen, T. M.

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H. C. Cheng, D. I. Ben, and S. T. Wu, “Five-primary-color LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(1), 3–7 (2010).
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Y. C. Yang, K. K. Song, S. Rho, N. S. Rho, S. Hong, K. B. Deul, M. Hong, K. Chung, W. Choe, S. Lee, C. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, and H. R. Kim, “Development of six primary-color LCD,” Dig. Tech. Pap. - Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. 36(1), 1210–1213 (2005).
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X. L. Dai, Y. Z. Deng, X. G. Peng, and Y. Z. Jin, “Quantum-dot light-emitting diodes for large-area displays: towards the dawn of commercialization,” Adv. Mater. 29(14), 1607022 (2017).
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J. Tommila, A. Schramm, T. V. Hakkarainen, M. Dumitrescu, and M. Guina, “Size-dependent properties of single InAs quantum dots grown in nanoimprint lithography patterned GaAs pits,” Nanotechnology 24(23), 235204 (2013).
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J. Tommila, A. Tukiainen, J. Viheril, A. Schramm, T. Hakkarainen, A. Aho, P. Stenberg, M. Dumitrescu, and M. Guina, “Nanoimprint lithography patterned GaAs templates for site-controlled InAs quantum dots,” J. Cryst. Growth 323(1), 183–186 (2011).
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E. H. A. Langendijk, S. Swinkels, D. Eliav, and M. B. Chorin, “Suppression of color breakup in color-sequential multi-primary projection displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 14(3), 325–329 (2006).
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S. Biswas, F. Brinkmann, M. Hirtz, and H. Fuchs, “Patterning of quantum dots by dip-pen and polymer pen nanolithography,” Nanofabrication 2(1), 19–26 (2015).
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Gao, S. F.

Y. Xiong, F. Deng, S. Xu, and S. F. Gao, “Performance analysis of multi-primary color display based on OLEDs/PLEDs,” Opt. Commun. 398, 49–55 (2017).
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J. Tommila, A. Schramm, T. V. Hakkarainen, M. Dumitrescu, and M. Guina, “Size-dependent properties of single InAs quantum dots grown in nanoimprint lithography patterned GaAs pits,” Nanotechnology 24(23), 235204 (2013).
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J. Tommila, A. Tukiainen, J. Viheril, A. Schramm, T. Hakkarainen, A. Aho, P. Stenberg, M. Dumitrescu, and M. Guina, “Nanoimprint lithography patterned GaAs templates for site-controlled InAs quantum dots,” J. Cryst. Growth 323(1), 183–186 (2011).
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J. Tommila, A. Tukiainen, J. Viheril, A. Schramm, T. Hakkarainen, A. Aho, P. Stenberg, M. Dumitrescu, and M. Guina, “Nanoimprint lithography patterned GaAs templates for site-controlled InAs quantum dots,” J. Cryst. Growth 323(1), 183–186 (2011).
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J. Tommila, A. Schramm, T. V. Hakkarainen, M. Dumitrescu, and M. Guina, “Size-dependent properties of single InAs quantum dots grown in nanoimprint lithography patterned GaAs pits,” Nanotechnology 24(23), 235204 (2013).
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Han, H. V.

Han, I. K.

J. S. Park, J. Kyhm, H. H. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Kang, S. E. Lee, K. T. Lee, K. Park, N. Barange, J. Han, J. D. Song, W. K. Choi, and I. K. Han, “Alternative patterning process for realization of large-area, full-color, active quantum dot display,” Nano Lett. 16(11), 6946–6953 (2016).
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Han, J.

J. S. Park, J. Kyhm, H. H. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Kang, S. E. Lee, K. T. Lee, K. Park, N. Barange, J. Han, J. D. Song, W. K. Choi, and I. K. Han, “Alternative patterning process for realization of large-area, full-color, active quantum dot display,” Nano Lett. 16(11), 6946–6953 (2016).
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I. Hiyama, M. Tsumura, T. Inuzuka, H. Haneishi, M. Yamaguchi, and N. Ohyama, “Four-primary color 15-in. XGA TFT-LCD with wide color gamut,” ITE Technol. Report 27(19), 7–12 (2003).

Hautefeuille, M.

M. Hautefeuille, J. G. Lopez Cortes, M. C. Ortega Alfaro, M. P. Carreon Castro, and V. Velazquez, “Fabrication of a simple versatile micro-positioning setup for automated soft lithography,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(11), 116104 (2011).
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He, J.

J. He, H. W. Chen, H. Chen, Y. N. Wang, S. T. Wu, and Y. J. Dong, “Hybrid downconverters with green perovskite polymer composite films for wide color gamut displays,” Opt. Express 25(11), 12915–12925 (2017).
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H. Chen, J. He, and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on quantum-dot-enhanced liquid-crystal displays,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 23(5), 1–11 (2017).
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He, Z.

C. Jiang, Z. Zhong, B. Liu, Z. He, J. Zou, L. Wang, J. Wang, J. Peng, and Y. Cao, “Coffee-ring-free quantum dot thin film using inkjet printing from a mixed-solvent system on modified ZnO transport layer for light-emitting devices,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(39), 26162–26168 (2016).
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Hirtz, M.

S. Biswas, F. Brinkmann, M. Hirtz, and H. Fuchs, “Patterning of quantum dots by dip-pen and polymer pen nanolithography,” Nanofabrication 2(1), 19–26 (2015).
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Hiyama, I.

I. Hiyama, M. Tsumura, T. Inuzuka, H. Haneishi, M. Yamaguchi, and N. Ohyama, “Four-primary color 15-in. XGA TFT-LCD with wide color gamut,” ITE Technol. Report 27(19), 7–12 (2003).

Hong, M.

Y. C. Yang, K. K. Song, S. Rho, N. S. Rho, S. Hong, K. B. Deul, M. Hong, K. Chung, W. Choe, S. Lee, C. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, and H. R. Kim, “Development of six primary-color LCD,” Dig. Tech. Pap. - Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. 36(1), 1210–1213 (2005).
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Y. C. Yang, K. K. Song, S. Rho, N. S. Rho, S. Hong, K. B. Deul, M. Hong, K. Chung, W. Choe, S. Lee, C. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, and H. R. Kim, “Development of six primary-color LCD,” Dig. Tech. Pap. - Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. 36(1), 1210–1213 (2005).
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Y. C. Wang, B. S. Huang, K. S. Hsieh, and C. R. Sheu, “Comparative evaluation of the imaging performance of multi-primary color LCDs with RGBCW and RGBCY pixel units by simulation,” J. Disp. Technol. 10(9), 729–736 (2014).
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M. O. Yang and S. W. Huang, “Design considerations between color gamut and brightness for multi-primary color displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 3(1), 71–82 (2007).
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E. Chino, K. Tajiri, H. Kawakami, H. Ohira, K. Kamijo, H. Kaneko, S. Kato, Y. Ozawa, T. Kurumisawa, K. Inoue, K. Endo, H. Moriya, T. Aragaki, and K. Murai, “Development of wide-color-gamut mobile displays with four-primary-color LCDs,” Dig. Tech. Pap. - Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. 37(1), 1221–1224 (2006).
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Inuzuka, T.

I. Hiyama, M. Tsumura, T. Inuzuka, H. Haneishi, M. Yamaguchi, and N. Ohyama, “Four-primary color 15-in. XGA TFT-LCD with wide color gamut,” ITE Technol. Report 27(19), 7–12 (2003).

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H. M. Kim, M. Ryu, J. H. J. Cha, H. S. Kim, T. Jeong, and J. Jang, “Ten micrometer pixel, quantum dots color conversion layer for high resolution and full color active matrix micro-LED display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 27(6), 347–353 (2019).
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Jeong, S.

J. S. Park, J. Kyhm, H. H. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Kang, S. E. Lee, K. T. Lee, K. Park, N. Barange, J. Han, J. D. Song, W. K. Choi, and I. K. Han, “Alternative patterning process for realization of large-area, full-color, active quantum dot display,” Nano Lett. 16(11), 6946–6953 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jeong, T.

H. M. Kim, M. Ryu, J. H. J. Cha, H. S. Kim, T. Jeong, and J. Jang, “Ten micrometer pixel, quantum dots color conversion layer for high resolution and full color active matrix micro-LED display,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 27(6), 347–353 (2019).
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Ji, T. J.

T. J. Ji, S. Jin, H. Zhang, S. M. Chen, and X. W. Sun, “Full color quantum dot light-emitting diodes patterned by photolithography technology,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 26(3), 121–127 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jiang, C.

C. Jiang, Z. Zhong, B. Liu, Z. He, J. Zou, L. Wang, J. Wang, J. Peng, and Y. Cao, “Coffee-ring-free quantum dot thin film using inkjet printing from a mixed-solvent system on modified ZnO transport layer for light-emitting devices,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(39), 26162–26168 (2016).
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Jiao, S. B.

Z. P. Hu, S. J. Zhang, W. X. Peng, S. R. Zhang, Y. Y. Li, D. Z. Li, S. B. Jiao, S. J. Chen, C. Y. Lee, and H. Zhou, “Inkjet-printed quantum dot display with blue OLEDs for next generation display,” Dig. Tech. Pap. - Soc. Inf. Disp. Int. Symp. 50(1), 1075–1078 (2019).
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Jin, S.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. PL emission spectra and UV-visible absorption spectra of QDs with the emission colors of (a) R, (b) YG and (c) BG. (Insets: TEM images of QDPR solutions under UV excitation.)
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Photomasks for (a) BM and (b) red subpixels. (c) One of the alignment signs at upper right corner of this photomask. (d) Transmittance spectrum of BM (Inset: the fabricated BM pattern under microscope). (e) Photolithographic machine (URE-2000/35).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Complete fabrication procedure for the fine-patterned four-primary-color QDDCF.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Surface morphology of the red subpixel pattern at different stages. (a) After 1st round; (b) after 2nd round; (c) after 3rd round; (d) after 4th round of photolithographic process. (e) The red subpixel pattern observed under 350,000× magnification from the SEM.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Fluorescence decay during the photolithographic process.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. TEM images of (a) pure QDs and (b) the mixture of QD/TiO2 particles. (c) Transmittance and absorption spectra with/without TiO2 particles. (d) The laminated structure of the patterned QDDCF and DBR structures. (e) Transmittance spectra of SPF and LPF (Insets: SPF and LPF devices). (f) PL intensity of YG-QDDCF with / without a LPF device (Insets: photographs of the YG-QDDCF with / without a LPF device under blue light).
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Schematic of the verification platform for the MPC QDDCF and the simplified subpixel mapping and rendering method.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. (a) The projected four-primary-color image obtained by the verification platform. (b) The corresponding PL spectrum, and (c) color gamut.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Changing trend of the QDDCF characteristics with the film thickness. (a) Absorption spectra of YG-QDDCF. (b) PL images of the YG-QDDCF under the blue light excitation. (c) Changing trend of chromaticity coordinates. (d) PL spectra of YG-QDDCF. (e) Changing trend of PL intensity and luminance. (f) Fitting curve of the measured transmittances.

Tables (3)

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Table 1. Characteristic change during the preparation process of QD solution and QDPR.

Tables Icon

Table 2. Comparisons of the color gamut among different approaches.

Tables Icon

Table 3. Experimental data of the fabricated QDDCFs with different film thicknesses.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E Q E = P hoton s e m i t t e d P h o t o n s a b s o r b e d .
OD = log 1 T r a n s m i t t a n c e .

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