Abstract

We report an Yb-fiber-pumped picosecond optical parametric oscillator (OPO) delivering high average power in excellent beam quality throughout the mid-infrared (mid-IR). Using MgO:PPLN as the nonlinear crystal and configured as a singly-resonant oscillator in the mid-IR idler wave, the OPO provides up to 3.5 W average power in high spatial quality with M2<1.8 across a continuous tuning range of 4028-2198 nm, with M2<1.5 at 4000 nm. It can also deliver as much as 4.3 W of signal power in an output beam with M2<1.4 across 1446-2062 nm. The extracted idler exhibits a passive power stability better than 0.46% rms over 1 hour across the entire mid-IR tuning range. We have also investigated OPO cavity length detuning behavior about the zero-group-velocity-mismatch crossing point and its effects on output power.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  1. Solid State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, I. T. Sorokina, K. L. Vodopyanov, eds. (Springer, 2003).
  2. Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. T. Sorokina, eds. (Springer, 2008).
  3. M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Ultrafast and Continuous-Wave Optical Parametric Oscillators (Springer, 2003).
  4. M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators,” in Handbook of Optics (Wiley, 2010).
  5. O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Efficient, high-power, ytterbium-fiber-laser-pumped picosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35(19), 3210–3212 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. S. C. Kumar and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “High-power, fiber-laser-pumped, picosecond optical parametric oscillator based on MgO:sPPLT,” Opt. Express 19(27), 26660–26665 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. S. Chaitanya Kumar, S. Parsa, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Fiber-laser-based, green-pumped, picosecond optical parametric oscillator using fan-out grating PPKTP,” Opt. Lett. 41(1), 52–55 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. D. Creeden, P. A. Ketteridge, P. A. Budni, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, K. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and M. Jiang, “Mid-infrared ZnGeP2 parametric oscillator directly pumped by a pulsed 2 microm Tm-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 315–317 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. C. Kieleck, M. Eichhorn, A. Hirth, D. Faye, and E. Lallier, “High-efficiency 20-50 kHz mid-infrared orientation-patterned GaAs optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 2 µm holmium laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 262–264 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. K. L. Vodopyanov, O. Levi, P. S. Kuo, T. J. Pinguet, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, and E. Lallier, “Optical parametric oscillation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1912–1914 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. M. Henriksson, L. Sjöqvist, G. Strömqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Tandem PPKTP and ZGP OPO for mid-infrared generation,” Proc. SPIE 7115, 71150O (2008).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Marznell, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on AgGaSe2 tunable from 2 μm to 8 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69(5-6), 423–428 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, A. Santana, K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Pump-tuned deep-infrared femtosecond optical parametric oscillator across 6-7 μm based on CdSiP2,” Opt. Lett. 41(14), 3355–3358 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. J.-B. Dherbecourt, A. Godard, M. Raybaut, J. M. Melkonian, and M. Lefebvre, “Picosecond synchronously pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2197–2199 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. Y. Peng, W. Wang, X. Wei, and D. Li, “High-efficiency mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator based on PPMgO:CLN,” Opt. Lett. 34(19), 2897–2899 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. K. A. Tillman, D. T. Reid, D. Artigas, and T. Y. Jiang, “Idler-resonant femtosecond tandem optical parametric oscillator tuning from 2.1 µm to 4.2 µm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(8), 1551–1558 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  17. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleimann, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. C. Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Interferometric output coupling of ring optical oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1068–1070 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. O. Paul, A. Quaosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependant Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 111–115 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. E. Klein, A. Robertson, M. A. Tremont, R. Wallenstein, and K. J. Boller, “Rapid infrared wavelength access with a picosecond PPLN OPO synchronously pumped by a mode-locked diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B 73(1), 1–10 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  21. S. Chaitanya Kumar and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Fiber-laser-based green-pumped picosecond MgO:sPPLT optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5349–5352 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

2013 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

2006 (1)

O. Paul, A. Quaosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependant Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 111–115 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

2001 (1)

M. E. Klein, A. Robertson, M. A. Tremont, R. Wallenstein, and K. J. Boller, “Rapid infrared wavelength access with a picosecond PPLN OPO synchronously pumped by a mode-locked diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B 73(1), 1–10 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

S. Marznell, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on AgGaSe2 tunable from 2 μm to 8 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69(5-6), 423–428 (1999).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleimann, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

Anstett, G.

O. Paul, A. Quaosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependant Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 111–115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Artigas, D.

Bartschke, J.

O. Paul, A. Quaosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependant Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 111–115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bauer, T.

O. Paul, A. Quaosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependant Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 111–115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Becouarn, L.

Beigang, R.

S. Marznell, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on AgGaSe2 tunable from 2 μm to 8 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69(5-6), 423–428 (1999).
[Crossref]

Boller, K. J.

M. E. Klein, A. Robertson, M. A. Tremont, R. Wallenstein, and K. J. Boller, “Rapid infrared wavelength access with a picosecond PPLN OPO synchronously pumped by a mode-locked diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B 73(1), 1–10 (2001).
[Crossref]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleimann, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

Budni, P. A.

Chaitanya Kumar, S.

Chicklis, E. P.

Creeden, D.

Dherbecourt, J.-B.

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Eichhorn, M.

Esteban-Martin, A.

Faye, D.

Fejer, M. M.

Gerard, B.

Godard, A.

Harris, J. S.

Henriksson, M.

M. Henriksson, L. Sjöqvist, G. Strömqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Tandem PPKTP and ZGP OPO for mid-infrared generation,” Proc. SPIE 7115, 71150O (2008).
[Crossref]

Hirth, A.

Jiang, M.

Jiang, T. Y.

Ketteridge, P. A.

Kieleck, C.

Kleimann, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleimann, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

Klein, M. E.

M. E. Klein, A. Robertson, M. A. Tremont, R. Wallenstein, and K. J. Boller, “Rapid infrared wavelength access with a picosecond PPLN OPO synchronously pumped by a mode-locked diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B 73(1), 1–10 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kokabee, O.

Kumar, S. C.

Kuo, P. S.

L’Huillier, J. A.

O. Paul, A. Quaosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependant Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 111–115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lallier, E.

Laurell, F.

M. Henriksson, L. Sjöqvist, G. Strömqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Tandem PPKTP and ZGP OPO for mid-infrared generation,” Proc. SPIE 7115, 71150O (2008).
[Crossref]

Lefebvre, M.

Levi, O.

Li, D.

Marznell, S.

S. Marznell, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on AgGaSe2 tunable from 2 μm to 8 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69(5-6), 423–428 (1999).
[Crossref]

McCarthy, J. C.

Melkonian, J. M.

Nittmann, M.

O. Paul, A. Quaosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependant Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 111–115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Parsa, S.

Pasiskevicius, V.

M. Henriksson, L. Sjöqvist, G. Strömqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Tandem PPKTP and ZGP OPO for mid-infrared generation,” Proc. SPIE 7115, 71150O (2008).
[Crossref]

Paul, O.

O. Paul, A. Quaosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependant Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 111–115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Peng, Y.

Pinguet, T. J.

Pollak, T. M.

Quaosig, A.

O. Paul, A. Quaosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependant Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 111–115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Raybaut, M.

Reid, D. T.

Robertson, A.

M. E. Klein, A. Robertson, M. A. Tremont, R. Wallenstein, and K. J. Boller, “Rapid infrared wavelength access with a picosecond PPLN OPO synchronously pumped by a mode-locked diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B 73(1), 1–10 (2001).
[Crossref]

Santana, A.

Schunemann, P. G.

Setzler, S. D.

Sjöqvist, L.

M. Henriksson, L. Sjöqvist, G. Strömqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Tandem PPKTP and ZGP OPO for mid-infrared generation,” Proc. SPIE 7115, 71150O (2008).
[Crossref]

Strömqvist, G.

M. Henriksson, L. Sjöqvist, G. Strömqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Tandem PPKTP and ZGP OPO for mid-infrared generation,” Proc. SPIE 7115, 71150O (2008).
[Crossref]

Tillman, K. A.

Tremont, M. A.

M. E. Klein, A. Robertson, M. A. Tremont, R. Wallenstein, and K. J. Boller, “Rapid infrared wavelength access with a picosecond PPLN OPO synchronously pumped by a mode-locked diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B 73(1), 1–10 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wallenstein, R.

M. E. Klein, A. Robertson, M. A. Tremont, R. Wallenstein, and K. J. Boller, “Rapid infrared wavelength access with a picosecond PPLN OPO synchronously pumped by a mode-locked diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B 73(1), 1–10 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Marznell, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on AgGaSe2 tunable from 2 μm to 8 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69(5-6), 423–428 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Wei, X.

Young, Y. E.

Zawilski, K.

Zawilski, K. T.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

O. Paul, A. Quaosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependant Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 111–115 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. E. Klein, A. Robertson, M. A. Tremont, R. Wallenstein, and K. J. Boller, “Rapid infrared wavelength access with a picosecond PPLN OPO synchronously pumped by a mode-locked diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B 73(1), 1–10 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Marznell, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Synchronously pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on AgGaSe2 tunable from 2 μm to 8 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69(5-6), 423–428 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleimann, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (10)

S. Chaitanya Kumar and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Fiber-laser-based green-pumped picosecond MgO:sPPLT optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 38(24), 5349–5352 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chaitanya Kumar, S. Parsa, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Fiber-laser-based, green-pumped, picosecond optical parametric oscillator using fan-out grating PPKTP,” Opt. Lett. 41(1), 52–55 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Chaitanya Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, A. Santana, K. T. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Pump-tuned deep-infrared femtosecond optical parametric oscillator across 6-7 μm based on CdSiP2,” Opt. Lett. 41(14), 3355–3358 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Vodopyanov, O. Levi, P. S. Kuo, T. J. Pinguet, J. S. Harris, M. M. Fejer, B. Gerard, L. Becouarn, and E. Lallier, “Optical parametric oscillation in quasi-phase-matched GaAs,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1912–1914 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Creeden, P. A. Ketteridge, P. A. Budni, S. D. Setzler, Y. E. Young, J. C. McCarthy, K. Zawilski, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and M. Jiang, “Mid-infrared ZnGeP2 parametric oscillator directly pumped by a pulsed 2 microm Tm-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 315–317 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Kieleck, M. Eichhorn, A. Hirth, D. Faye, and E. Lallier, “High-efficiency 20-50 kHz mid-infrared orientation-patterned GaAs optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 2 µm holmium laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 262–264 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Peng, W. Wang, X. Wei, and D. Li, “High-efficiency mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator based on PPMgO:CLN,” Opt. Lett. 34(19), 2897–2899 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-B. Dherbecourt, A. Godard, M. Raybaut, J. M. Melkonian, and M. Lefebvre, “Picosecond synchronously pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2197–2199 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Efficient, high-power, ytterbium-fiber-laser-pumped picosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35(19), 3210–3212 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. C. Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Interferometric output coupling of ring optical oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1068–1070 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Henriksson, L. Sjöqvist, G. Strömqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Tandem PPKTP and ZGP OPO for mid-infrared generation,” Proc. SPIE 7115, 71150O (2008).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

Solid State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources, I. T. Sorokina, K. L. Vodopyanov, eds. (Springer, 2003).

Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. T. Sorokina, eds. (Springer, 2008).

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, Ultrafast and Continuous-Wave Optical Parametric Oscillators (Springer, 2003).

M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators,” in Handbook of Optics (Wiley, 2010).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental configuration of picosecond idler-resonant MgO:PPLN OPO. FI: Faraday isolator; λ/2: Half-wave plate; PBS: Polarizing beam-splitter; L: Lens; M: Mirrors; F: Filter; OC: Output coupler.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Extracted (a) idler, and (b) signal average power across the tuning range. Inset (a) transmission of the OC in the idler wavelength range, (b) grating tuning of the MgO:PPLN OPO at two different temperatures of 40 °C and 200 °C.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Signal at 1565 nm, and (b) the corresponding idler spectra from the picosecond idler-resonant MgO:PPLN OPO.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Pump-idler GVM as a function of the idler wavelength. (b) Variation of the extracted idler power at 3350 nm, (c) 3550 nm, and (d) 4000 nm, as a function of the cavity detuning.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Power scaling measurement at idler wavelengths of (a) 3340 nm and (b) 4000 nm and their corresponding signal wavelengths. Inset (a) output power scaling at 2198 nm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Long-term passive power stability at extracted wavelength of 2198 nm, 3340 nm and 4000 nm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Beam-quality measurement of the generated idler at 3340 nm and the corresponding signal. Inset (b) idler and (c) signal beam profile at maximum power.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Variation of the idler beam quality factor as a function of wavelength from a signal-resonant picosecond OPO.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Idler and signal beam quality at different operating wavelengths.

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