Abstract

The common complex architecture constitutes the major bottleneck of optical absorber operating on broadband spectrum. Here we demonstrate a super absorber consisting of tapered dielectric nanostructure coated with a thin-layer of non-noble metal chromium on flexible poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrate. The proposed device yields double-sided, omnidirectional, and polarization-independent absorption over the entire visible spectrum with an average efficiency more than 90% at normal incidence, and 80% at a tilt incident angle of 60°. It can be easily realized by nanoimprinting lithography combined with physical vapor deposition technique. Theoretical analysis demonstrates that the superior optical performance is ascribed to the non-resonant light absorption by using the metal-covered, closed-packed tapered nanostructure via adiabatic nanofocusing of the metal-dielectric-metal (MDM) guided modes excited by scattering of the gradually changing nanostructure. For the cost-effective fabrication and material strategy, the super absorber has potential applications in a wide range of passive and active photonic devices, including inkless printing, harvesting solar energy, as well as thermal emitter and optical detector.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2019 (1)

2018 (6)

2017 (6)

Q. Y. Qian, T. Sun, Y. Yan, and C. H. Wang, “Large-area wide-incident-angle metasurface perfect absorber in total visible band based on coupled Mie resonances,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 1700064 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Fang, C. Y. Yang, C. Pang, W. D. Shen, X. Zhang, Y. G. Zhang, W. J. Yuan, and X. Liu, “Broadband light absorber based on porous alumina structure covered with ultrathin iridium film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 141103 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, S. Noorulla, A. S. Alketbi, N. X. Fang, G. Chen, and T. J. Zhang, “Near-perfect ultrathin nanocomposite absorber with self-formed topping plasmonic nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(18), 1700222 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Ghobadi, S. A. Dereshgi, H. Hajian, B. Bozok, B. Butun, and E. Ozbay, “Ultra-broadband, wide angle absorber utilizing metal insulator multilayers stack with a multi-thickness metal surface texture,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 4755 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Lin, L. Chen, Y. Lai, C.-C. Yu, Y.-C. Lee, P.-Y. Su, Y.-T. Yen, and B.-Y. Chen, “Loading effect–induced broadband perfect absorber based on single-layer structured metal film,” Nano Energy 37, 61–73 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Luo, S. Shen, L. Zhou, S. Wu, Y. Zhou, and L. Chen, “Broadband, wide-angle, and polarization-independent metamaterial absorber for the visible regime,” Opt. Express 25(14), 16715–16724 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (5)

Y. K. Zhong, Y. C. Lai, M. H. Tu, B. R. Chen, S. M. Fu, P. Yu, and A. Lin, “Omnidirectional, polarization-independent, ultra-broadband metamaterial perfect absorber using field-penetration and reflected-wave-cancellation,” Opt. Express 24(10), A832–A845 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. K. Tae, C. G. Ji, and L. Guo, “Wide-angle, polarization-independent ultrathin broadband visible absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(3), 031107 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Ng, J. J. Cadusch, S. Dligatch, A. Roberts, T. J. Davis, P. Mulvaney, and D. E. Gómez, “Hot carrier extraction with plasmonic broadband absorbers,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4704–4711 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Bahauddin, R. Robatjazi, and T. Isabell, “Broadband absorption engineering to enhance light absorption in monolayer MoS2,” ACS Photonics 3(5), 853–862 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Lu, S. H. Nam, K. Wilke, A. Raza, Y. E. Lee, A. Alghaferi, N. Fang, and T. J. Zhang, “Localized surface plasmon - enhanced ultrathin film broadband nanoporous absorbers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1255–1264 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

S. Shen, W. Qiao, Y. Ye, Y. Zhou, and L. Chen, “Dielectric-based subwavelength metallic meanders for wide-angle band absorbers,” Opt. Express 23(2), 963–970 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, X. Liu, S. Huang, P. Pan, J. Chen, G. Liu, and G. Gu, “Automatically acquired broadband plasmonic-metamaterial black absorber during the metallic film-formation,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(8), 4962–4968 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

W. Li, U. Guler, N. Kinsey, G. V. Naik, A. Boltasseva, J. Guan, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Refractory plasmonics with titanium nitride: broadband metamaterial absorber,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 7959–7965 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Strong resonance effect in a lossy medium-based optical cavity for angle robust spectrum filters,” Adv. Mater. 26(36), 6324–6328 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Li and J. Valentine, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based hot electron photodetection,” Nano Lett. 14(6), 3510–3514 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Wang, Y. Cui, Y. He, Y. Hao, Y. Lin, X. Tian, T. Ji, and S. He, “Efficient multiband absorber based on one-dimensional periodic metal-dielectric photonic crystal with a reflective substrate,” Opt. Lett. 39(2), 331–334 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yan, J. M. Dai, and M. Qiu, “Lithography-free broadband visible light absorber based on a mono-layer of gold nanoparticles,” J. Opt. 16(2), 025002 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2012 (5)

P. Zhu and J. Guo, “High performance broadband absorber in the visible band by engineered dispersion and geometry of a metal-dielectric-metal stack,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241116 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Chen, R. Adato, and H. Altug, “Dual-band perfect absorber for multispectral plasmon-enhanced infrared spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7998–8006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, Y. Chen, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Nanosecond photothermal effects in plasmonic nanostructures,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2550–2557 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. X. Zhou, Y. Shen, E. T. Hu, Y. Zhao, M. Y. Sheng, Y. X. Zheng, S. Y. Wang, Y. P. Lee, C. Z. Wang, D. W. Lynch, and L. Y. Chen, “Nano-Cr-film-based solar selective absorber with high photo-thermal conversion efficiency and good thermal stability,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28953–28962 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969–974 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

J. Zhang, W. Bai, L. Cai, X. Chen, G. Song, and Q. Gan, “Omnidirectional absorption enhancement in hybrid waveguide-plasmon system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(26), 261101 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, “Palladium-based plasmonic perfect absorber in the visible wavelength range and its application to hydrogen sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4366–4369 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

J. A. McLean, K. A. Stumpo, and D. H. Russell, “Size-selected (2-10 nm) gold nanoparticles for matrix assisted laser desorption ionization of peptides,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(15), 5304–5305 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abdelsalam, M.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[Crossref]

Adato, R.

K. Chen, R. Adato, and H. Altug, “Dual-band perfect absorber for multispectral plasmon-enhanced infrared spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7998–8006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alghaferi, A.

J. Y. Lu, S. H. Nam, K. Wilke, A. Raza, Y. E. Lee, A. Alghaferi, N. Fang, and T. J. Zhang, “Localized surface plasmon - enhanced ultrathin film broadband nanoporous absorbers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1255–1264 (2016).
[Crossref]

Alketbi, A. S.

J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, S. Noorulla, A. S. Alketbi, N. X. Fang, G. Chen, and T. J. Zhang, “Near-perfect ultrathin nanocomposite absorber with self-formed topping plasmonic nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(18), 1700222 (2017).
[Crossref]

Altug, H.

K. Chen, R. Adato, and H. Altug, “Dual-band perfect absorber for multispectral plasmon-enhanced infrared spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7998–8006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bahauddin, S. M.

S. M. Bahauddin, R. Robatjazi, and T. Isabell, “Broadband absorption engineering to enhance light absorption in monolayer MoS2,” ACS Photonics 3(5), 853–862 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bai, W.

J. Zhang, W. Bai, L. Cai, X. Chen, G. Song, and Q. Gan, “Omnidirectional absorption enhancement in hybrid waveguide-plasmon system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(26), 261101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bartlett, P. N.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[Crossref]

Baumberg, J. J.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[Crossref]

Beermann, J.

T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969–974 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blanchard, R.

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boltasseva, A.

W. Li, U. Guler, N. Kinsey, G. V. Naik, A. Boltasseva, J. Guan, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Refractory plasmonics with titanium nitride: broadband metamaterial absorber,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 7959–7965 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Borisov, A. G.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969–974 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bozok, B.

A. Ghobadi, S. A. Dereshgi, H. Hajian, B. Bozok, B. Butun, and E. Ozbay, “Ultra-broadband, wide angle absorber utilizing metal insulator multilayers stack with a multi-thickness metal surface texture,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 4755 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Briggs, R. M.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Butun, B.

Cadusch, J. J.

C. Ng, J. J. Cadusch, S. Dligatch, A. Roberts, T. J. Davis, P. Mulvaney, and D. E. Gómez, “Hot carrier extraction with plasmonic broadband absorbers,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4704–4711 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, L.

J. Zhang, W. Bai, L. Cai, X. Chen, G. Song, and Q. Gan, “Omnidirectional absorption enhancement in hybrid waveguide-plasmon system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(26), 261101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cao, T.

W. L. Dong, T. Cao, K. Liu, and R. E. Simpson, “Flexible omnidirectional and polarization-insensitive broadband plasmon-enhanced absorber,” Nano Energy 54, 272–279 (2018).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, B. R.

Chen, B.-Y.

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J. Y. Lu, S. H. Nam, K. Wilke, A. Raza, Y. E. Lee, A. Alghaferi, N. Fang, and T. J. Zhang, “Localized surface plasmon - enhanced ultrathin film broadband nanoporous absorbers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1255–1264 (2016).
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J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, S. Noorulla, A. S. Alketbi, N. X. Fang, G. Chen, and T. J. Zhang, “Near-perfect ultrathin nanocomposite absorber with self-formed topping plasmonic nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(18), 1700222 (2017).
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C. Ng, J. J. Cadusch, S. Dligatch, A. Roberts, T. J. Davis, P. Mulvaney, and D. E. Gómez, “Hot carrier extraction with plasmonic broadband absorbers,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4704–4711 (2016).
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S. M. Bahauddin, R. Robatjazi, and T. Isabell, “Broadband absorption engineering to enhance light absorption in monolayer MoS2,” ACS Photonics 3(5), 853–862 (2016).
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M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2013).
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Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
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K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Strong resonance effect in a lossy medium-based optical cavity for angle robust spectrum filters,” Adv. Mater. 26(36), 6324–6328 (2014).
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K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Strong resonance effect in a lossy medium-based optical cavity for angle robust spectrum filters,” Adv. Mater. 26(36), 6324–6328 (2014).
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J. Y. Lu, S. H. Nam, K. Wilke, A. Raza, Y. E. Lee, A. Alghaferi, N. Fang, and T. J. Zhang, “Localized surface plasmon - enhanced ultrathin film broadband nanoporous absorbers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1255–1264 (2016).
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Lee, Y.-C.

K. Lin, L. Chen, Y. Lai, C.-C. Yu, Y.-C. Lee, P.-Y. Su, Y.-T. Yen, and B.-Y. Chen, “Loading effect–induced broadband perfect absorber based on single-layer structured metal film,” Nano Energy 37, 61–73 (2017).
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Y. Huang, L. Liu, M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “A refractory metamaterial absorber for ultra-broadband, omnidirectional and polarization-independent absorption in the UV-NIR spectrum,” Nanoscale 10(17), 8298–8303 (2018).
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Li, Z.

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Z. Liu, X. Liu, S. Huang, P. Pan, J. Chen, G. Liu, and G. Gu, “Automatically acquired broadband plasmonic-metamaterial black absorber during the metallic film-formation,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(8), 4962–4968 (2015).
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W. L. Dong, T. Cao, K. Liu, and R. E. Simpson, “Flexible omnidirectional and polarization-insensitive broadband plasmon-enhanced absorber,” Nano Energy 54, 272–279 (2018).
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Y. Huang, L. Liu, M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “A refractory metamaterial absorber for ultra-broadband, omnidirectional and polarization-independent absorption in the UV-NIR spectrum,” Nanoscale 10(17), 8298–8303 (2018).
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A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, “Palladium-based plasmonic perfect absorber in the visible wavelength range and its application to hydrogen sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4366–4369 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

B. Fang, C. Y. Yang, C. Pang, W. D. Shen, X. Zhang, Y. G. Zhang, W. J. Yuan, and X. Liu, “Broadband light absorber based on porous alumina structure covered with ultrathin iridium film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 141103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, X. Liu, S. Huang, P. Pan, J. Chen, G. Liu, and G. Gu, “Automatically acquired broadband plasmonic-metamaterial black absorber during the metallic film-formation,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(8), 4962–4968 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, X. Liu, S. Huang, P. Pan, J. Chen, G. Liu, and G. Gu, “Automatically acquired broadband plasmonic-metamaterial black absorber during the metallic film-formation,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(8), 4962–4968 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, S. Noorulla, A. S. Alketbi, N. X. Fang, G. Chen, and T. J. Zhang, “Near-perfect ultrathin nanocomposite absorber with self-formed topping plasmonic nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(18), 1700222 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Lu, S. H. Nam, K. Wilke, A. Raza, Y. E. Lee, A. Alghaferi, N. Fang, and T. J. Zhang, “Localized surface plasmon - enhanced ultrathin film broadband nanoporous absorbers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1255–1264 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luo, M.

Luo, X.

Y. Huang, L. Liu, M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “A refractory metamaterial absorber for ultra-broadband, omnidirectional and polarization-independent absorption in the UV-NIR spectrum,” Nanoscale 10(17), 8298–8303 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Hu, Z. Zhao, X. Chen, and X. Luo, “Realizing near-perfect absorption at visible frequencies,” Opt. Express 17(13), 11039–11044 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Ma, X.

Y. Huang, L. Liu, M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “A refractory metamaterial absorber for ultra-broadband, omnidirectional and polarization-independent absorption in the UV-NIR spectrum,” Nanoscale 10(17), 8298–8303 (2018).
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A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, “Palladium-based plasmonic perfect absorber in the visible wavelength range and its application to hydrogen sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4366–4369 (2011).
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J. A. McLean, K. A. Stumpo, and D. H. Russell, “Size-selected (2-10 nm) gold nanoparticles for matrix assisted laser desorption ionization of peptides,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(15), 5304–5305 (2005).
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N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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C. Ng, J. J. Cadusch, S. Dligatch, A. Roberts, T. J. Davis, P. Mulvaney, and D. E. Gómez, “Hot carrier extraction with plasmonic broadband absorbers,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4704–4711 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Naik, G. V.

W. Li, U. Guler, N. Kinsey, G. V. Naik, A. Boltasseva, J. Guan, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Refractory plasmonics with titanium nitride: broadband metamaterial absorber,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 7959–7965 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. Y. Lu, S. H. Nam, K. Wilke, A. Raza, Y. E. Lee, A. Alghaferi, N. Fang, and T. J. Zhang, “Localized surface plasmon - enhanced ultrathin film broadband nanoporous absorbers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1255–1264 (2016).
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C. Ng, J. J. Cadusch, S. Dligatch, A. Roberts, T. J. Davis, P. Mulvaney, and D. E. Gómez, “Hot carrier extraction with plasmonic broadband absorbers,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4704–4711 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, S. Noorulla, A. S. Alketbi, N. X. Fang, G. Chen, and T. J. Zhang, “Near-perfect ultrathin nanocomposite absorber with self-formed topping plasmonic nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(18), 1700222 (2017).
[Crossref]

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T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969–974 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozbay, E.

Padilla, W. J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, P.

Z. Liu, X. Liu, S. Huang, P. Pan, J. Chen, G. Liu, and G. Gu, “Automatically acquired broadband plasmonic-metamaterial black absorber during the metallic film-formation,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(8), 4962–4968 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pang, C.

B. Fang, C. Y. Yang, C. Pang, W. D. Shen, X. Zhang, Y. G. Zhang, W. J. Yuan, and X. Liu, “Broadband light absorber based on porous alumina structure covered with ultrathin iridium film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 141103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pedersen, K.

T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969–974 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pu, M.

Y. Huang, L. Liu, M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “A refractory metamaterial absorber for ultra-broadband, omnidirectional and polarization-independent absorption in the UV-NIR spectrum,” Nanoscale 10(17), 8298–8303 (2018).
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Qian, Q. Y.

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Qiao, W.

Qiu, M.

M. Yan, J. M. Dai, and M. Qiu, “Lithography-free broadband visible light absorber based on a mono-layer of gold nanoparticles,” J. Opt. 16(2), 025002 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, Y. Chen, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Nanosecond photothermal effects in plasmonic nanostructures,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2550–2557 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Raza, A.

J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, S. Noorulla, A. S. Alketbi, N. X. Fang, G. Chen, and T. J. Zhang, “Near-perfect ultrathin nanocomposite absorber with self-formed topping plasmonic nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(18), 1700222 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Lu, S. H. Nam, K. Wilke, A. Raza, Y. E. Lee, A. Alghaferi, N. Fang, and T. J. Zhang, “Localized surface plasmon - enhanced ultrathin film broadband nanoporous absorbers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1255–1264 (2016).
[Crossref]

Robatjazi, R.

S. M. Bahauddin, R. Robatjazi, and T. Isabell, “Broadband absorption engineering to enhance light absorption in monolayer MoS2,” ACS Photonics 3(5), 853–862 (2016).
[Crossref]

Roberts, A.

C. Ng, J. J. Cadusch, S. Dligatch, A. Roberts, T. J. Davis, P. Mulvaney, and D. E. Gómez, “Hot carrier extraction with plasmonic broadband absorbers,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4704–4711 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Russell, D. H.

J. A. McLean, K. A. Stumpo, and D. H. Russell, “Size-selected (2-10 nm) gold nanoparticles for matrix assisted laser desorption ionization of peptides,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(15), 5304–5305 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seo, S.

K. T. Lee, S. Seo, J. Y. Lee, and L. J. Guo, “Strong resonance effect in a lossy medium-based optical cavity for angle robust spectrum filters,” Adv. Mater. 26(36), 6324–6328 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Serebryannikov, A. E.

Shalaev, V. M.

W. Li, U. Guler, N. Kinsey, G. V. Naik, A. Boltasseva, J. Guan, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Refractory plasmonics with titanium nitride: broadband metamaterial absorber,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 7959–7965 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, S.

Shen, W. D.

B. Fang, C. Y. Yang, C. Pang, W. D. Shen, X. Zhang, Y. G. Zhang, W. J. Yuan, and X. Liu, “Broadband light absorber based on porous alumina structure covered with ultrathin iridium film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 141103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y.

Sheng, M. Y.

Shu, S.

Simpson, R. E.

W. L. Dong, T. Cao, K. Liu, and R. E. Simpson, “Flexible omnidirectional and polarization-insensitive broadband plasmon-enhanced absorber,” Nano Energy 54, 272–279 (2018).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Søndergaard, T.

T. Søndergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic black gold by adiabatic nanofocusing and absorption of light in ultra-sharp convex grooves,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 969–974 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, G.

J. Zhang, W. Bai, L. Cai, X. Chen, G. Song, and Q. Gan, “Omnidirectional absorption enhancement in hybrid waveguide-plasmon system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(26), 261101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Stumpo, K. A.

J. A. McLean, K. A. Stumpo, and D. H. Russell, “Size-selected (2-10 nm) gold nanoparticles for matrix assisted laser desorption ionization of peptides,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(15), 5304–5305 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, P.-Y.

K. Lin, L. Chen, Y. Lai, C.-C. Yu, Y.-C. Lee, P.-Y. Su, Y.-T. Yen, and B.-Y. Chen, “Loading effect–induced broadband perfect absorber based on single-layer structured metal film,” Nano Energy 37, 61–73 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sugawara, Y.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[Crossref]

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Q. Y. Qian, T. Sun, Y. Yan, and C. H. Wang, “Large-area wide-incident-angle metasurface perfect absorber in total visible band based on coupled Mie resonances,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 1700064 (2017).
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L. K. Tae, C. G. Ji, and L. Guo, “Wide-angle, polarization-independent ultrathin broadband visible absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(3), 031107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tao, K.

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
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Tittl, A.

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, “Palladium-based plasmonic perfect absorber in the visible wavelength range and its application to hydrogen sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4366–4369 (2011).
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Tu, M. H.

Valentine, J.

W. Li and J. Valentine, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based hot electron photodetection,” Nano Lett. 14(6), 3510–3514 (2014).
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Wang, C.

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Q. Y. Qian, T. Sun, Y. Yan, and C. H. Wang, “Large-area wide-incident-angle metasurface perfect absorber in total visible band based on coupled Mie resonances,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 1700064 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. Z.

Wang, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
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Wang, S. Y.

Wang, W.

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J. Y. Lu, S. H. Nam, K. Wilke, A. Raza, Y. E. Lee, A. Alghaferi, N. Fang, and T. J. Zhang, “Localized surface plasmon - enhanced ultrathin film broadband nanoporous absorbers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1255–1264 (2016).
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Wu, Y.

Xu, P.

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M. Yan, J. M. Dai, and M. Qiu, “Lithography-free broadband visible light absorber based on a mono-layer of gold nanoparticles,” J. Opt. 16(2), 025002 (2014).
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X. Chen, Y. Chen, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Nanosecond photothermal effects in plasmonic nanostructures,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2550–2557 (2012).
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Yang, C. Y.

B. Fang, C. Y. Yang, C. Pang, W. D. Shen, X. Zhang, Y. G. Zhang, W. J. Yuan, and X. Liu, “Broadband light absorber based on porous alumina structure covered with ultrathin iridium film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 141103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ye, H.

Ye, Y.

Yen, Y.-T.

K. Lin, L. Chen, Y. Lai, C.-C. Yu, Y.-C. Lee, P.-Y. Su, Y.-T. Yen, and B.-Y. Chen, “Loading effect–induced broadband perfect absorber based on single-layer structured metal film,” Nano Energy 37, 61–73 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, C.-C.

K. Lin, L. Chen, Y. Lai, C.-C. Yu, Y.-C. Lee, P.-Y. Su, Y.-T. Yen, and B.-Y. Chen, “Loading effect–induced broadband perfect absorber based on single-layer structured metal film,” Nano Energy 37, 61–73 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, M.

Yu, P.

Yuan, W. J.

B. Fang, C. Y. Yang, C. Pang, W. D. Shen, X. Zhang, Y. G. Zhang, W. J. Yuan, and X. Liu, “Broadband light absorber based on porous alumina structure covered with ultrathin iridium film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 141103 (2017).
[Crossref]

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J. Zhang, W. Bai, L. Cai, X. Chen, G. Song, and Q. Gan, “Omnidirectional absorption enhancement in hybrid waveguide-plasmon system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(26), 261101 (2011).
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J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, S. Noorulla, A. S. Alketbi, N. X. Fang, G. Chen, and T. J. Zhang, “Near-perfect ultrathin nanocomposite absorber with self-formed topping plasmonic nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(18), 1700222 (2017).
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B. Fang, C. Y. Yang, C. Pang, W. D. Shen, X. Zhang, Y. G. Zhang, W. J. Yuan, and X. Liu, “Broadband light absorber based on porous alumina structure covered with ultrathin iridium film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 141103 (2017).
[Crossref]

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B. Fang, C. Y. Yang, C. Pang, W. D. Shen, X. Zhang, Y. G. Zhang, W. J. Yuan, and X. Liu, “Broadband light absorber based on porous alumina structure covered with ultrathin iridium film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 141103 (2017).
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Zhao, Z.

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M. Luo, S. Shen, L. Zhou, S. Wu, Y. Zhou, and L. Chen, “Broadband, wide-angle, and polarization-independent metamaterial absorber for the visible regime,” Opt. Express 25(14), 16715–16724 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhou, W.

Zhou, W. X.

Zhou, Y.

Zhu, P.

P. Zhu and J. Guo, “High performance broadband absorber in the visible band by engineered dispersion and geometry of a metal-dielectric-metal stack,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241116 (2012).
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ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

Z. Liu, X. Liu, S. Huang, P. Pan, J. Chen, G. Liu, and G. Gu, “Automatically acquired broadband plasmonic-metamaterial black absorber during the metallic film-formation,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(8), 4962–4968 (2015).
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ACS Nano (3)

K. Chen, R. Adato, and H. Altug, “Dual-band perfect absorber for multispectral plasmon-enhanced infrared spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7998–8006 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, Y. Chen, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Nanosecond photothermal effects in plasmonic nanostructures,” ACS Nano 6(3), 2550–2557 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Ng, J. J. Cadusch, S. Dligatch, A. Roberts, T. J. Davis, P. Mulvaney, and D. E. Gómez, “Hot carrier extraction with plasmonic broadband absorbers,” ACS Nano 10(4), 4704–4711 (2016).
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ACS Photonics (1)

S. M. Bahauddin, R. Robatjazi, and T. Isabell, “Broadband absorption engineering to enhance light absorption in monolayer MoS2,” ACS Photonics 3(5), 853–862 (2016).
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W. Li, U. Guler, N. Kinsey, G. V. Naik, A. Boltasseva, J. Guan, V. M. Shalaev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Refractory plasmonics with titanium nitride: broadband metamaterial absorber,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 7959–7965 (2014).
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Adv. Opt. Mater. (3)

J. Y. Lu, S. H. Nam, K. Wilke, A. Raza, Y. E. Lee, A. Alghaferi, N. Fang, and T. J. Zhang, “Localized surface plasmon - enhanced ultrathin film broadband nanoporous absorbers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(8), 1255–1264 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, S. Noorulla, A. S. Alketbi, N. X. Fang, G. Chen, and T. J. Zhang, “Near-perfect ultrathin nanocomposite absorber with self-formed topping plasmonic nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(18), 1700222 (2017).
[Crossref]

Q. Y. Qian, T. Sun, Y. Yan, and C. H. Wang, “Large-area wide-incident-angle metasurface perfect absorber in total visible band based on coupled Mie resonances,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(13), 1700064 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

J. Zhang, W. Bai, L. Cai, X. Chen, G. Song, and Q. Gan, “Omnidirectional absorption enhancement in hybrid waveguide-plasmon system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(26), 261101 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. K. Tae, C. G. Ji, and L. Guo, “Wide-angle, polarization-independent ultrathin broadband visible absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(3), 031107 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Zhu and J. Guo, “High performance broadband absorber in the visible band by engineered dispersion and geometry of a metal-dielectric-metal stack,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241116 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Fang, C. Y. Yang, C. Pang, W. D. Shen, X. Zhang, Y. G. Zhang, W. J. Yuan, and X. Liu, “Broadband light absorber based on porous alumina structure covered with ultrathin iridium film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(14), 141103 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

J. A. McLean, K. A. Stumpo, and D. H. Russell, “Size-selected (2-10 nm) gold nanoparticles for matrix assisted laser desorption ionization of peptides,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(15), 5304–5305 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Opt. (1)

M. Yan, J. M. Dai, and M. Qiu, “Lithography-free broadband visible light absorber based on a mono-layer of gold nanoparticles,” J. Opt. 16(2), 025002 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nano Energy (2)

K. Lin, L. Chen, Y. Lai, C.-C. Yu, Y.-C. Lee, P.-Y. Su, Y.-T. Yen, and B.-Y. Chen, “Loading effect–induced broadband perfect absorber based on single-layer structured metal film,” Nano Energy 37, 61–73 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. L. Dong, T. Cao, K. Liu, and R. E. Simpson, “Flexible omnidirectional and polarization-insensitive broadband plasmon-enhanced absorber,” Nano Energy 54, 272–279 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

W. Li and J. Valentine, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based hot electron photodetection,” Nano Lett. 14(6), 3510–3514 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, “Palladium-based plasmonic perfect absorber in the visible wavelength range and its application to hydrogen sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4366–4369 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanoscale (1)

Y. Huang, L. Liu, M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, and X. Luo, “A refractory metamaterial absorber for ultra-broadband, omnidirectional and polarization-independent absorption in the UV-NIR spectrum,” Nanoscale 10(17), 8298–8303 (2018).
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Nat. Mater. (1)

M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Nanometre optical coatings based on strong interference effects in highly absorbing media,” Nat. Mater. 12(1), 20–24 (2013).
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Nat. Photonics (1)

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (9)

M. Luo, S. Shen, L. Zhou, S. Wu, Y. Zhou, and L. Chen, “Broadband, wide-angle, and polarization-independent metamaterial absorber for the visible regime,” Opt. Express 25(14), 16715–16724 (2017).
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S. Wu, Y. Gu, Y. Ye, H. Ye, and L. Chen, “Omnidirectional broadband metasurface absorber operating in visible to near-infrared regime,” Opt. Express 26(17), 21479–21489 (2018).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
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A. Ghobadi, S. A. Dereshgi, H. Hajian, B. Bozok, B. Butun, and E. Ozbay, “Ultra-broadband, wide angle absorber utilizing metal insulator multilayers stack with a multi-thickness metal surface texture,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 4755 (2017).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagram of the proposed absorber. (b) The real and imaginary parts of the RI of Cr in [41]. (c) Absorption calculated as a function of incident angle at a fixed wavelength of 600 nm. (d) Calculated reflection (···) and transmission (–) and absorption (-) spectrum at normal incidence.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Contour plots of the calculated incidence-angle dependence of absorption as a function of wavelength in (a) front- and (b) back-sided incident case.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Electric field ( | E x |, | E z |) (colour scale) and magnetic field ( | H y |) distribution in a cross-section of the tapered nanostructure for front-sided (a - c) and back-sided incidence (d - f). Effective refractive index of the fundamental mode in (g) Cr-air-Cr and (h) Cr-dielectric-Cr waveguides as a function of the dielectric width. The working wavelength is 600 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The amplitude of the time-averaged power loss density Q and the arrows represent the Poynting vector. E x and H y phase distribution in front-sided incidence (along x = −200 nm) and in back-sided incidence (along x = 0 nm). The zone between the two dotted lines is composed of nanostructure. The gray zone denotes Cr film.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Schematic of the steps involved in the fabrication of the super absorber by using the soft lithographic method. The original AAO template is fabricated by a well-known two-step anodization process. Then the tapered nanonipple structure is obtained from the AAO template and Cr is deposited on the top. (b) Goniometer images for 1.0 μL droplet with apparent contact angle of PUA on the surface of the AAO template before (top) and after (bottom) surface treatment. SEM images of the AAO template (c), the replicated tapered nanostructure before (d) and after (e) Cr deposition.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Optical performance (measured absorption/reflection/transmission) of the fabricated sample at normal incidence from (a) front and (b) back side. Measured angle-dependent absorption spectra from 400 to 800 nm under incident angle of 15°, 30 o, 45 o, 60 o from (c) front and (d) back side.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The photos of the sample taken from the front side (a) and a patterned structural color black on large-format substrate by using of a hollow mask during Cr deposition. (c) The photos of the sample in natural daylight.

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