Abstract

We report experimental studies on the dynamics of excited-state condensate for exciton-polaritons confined in an optically generated trap. The three-dimensionally confined trap was realized by imposing two optical barriers onto a one-dimensional ZnO whispering gallery microcavity. Experimentally, we characterized the confined polariton condensate by varying the trap width and the barrier height. Theoretically, we calculated the spatial overlap between the polariton wavefunction and the excitonic reservoir. Direct comparison of these results verified that such polariton-reservoir overlap was responsible for the observed excited-state polariton condensate.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  1. N. G. Berloff, M. Silva, K. Kalinin, A. Askitopoulos, J. D. Töpfer, P. Cilibrizzi, W. Langbein, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Realizing the classical XY Hamiltonian in polariton simulators,” Nat. Mater. 16(11), 1120–1126 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. H. Ohadi, R. L. Gregory, T. Freegarde, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, N. G. Berloff, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Nontrivial Phase Coupling in Polariton Multiplets,” Phys. Rev. X 6(3), 031032 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  3. B. Nelsen, G. Q. Liu, M. Steger, D. W. Stoke, R. Balili, K. West, and L. Pfeiffer, “Dissipationless Flow and Sharp Threshold of a Polariton Condensate with Long Lifetime,” Phys. Rev. X 3(4), 041015 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. B. Sun, Y. Yoon, S. Khan, L. Ge, M. Steger, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, H. E. Türeci, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Stable switching among high-order modes in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 97(4), 045303 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. H. Deng, H. Haug, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton Bose-Einstein condensation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(2), 1489–1537 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  7. C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,” Nature 450(7169), 529–532 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Sun, Y. Yoon, M. Steger, G. Liu, N. Loren, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of polariton–polariton interaction strength,” Nat. Phys. 13(9), 870–875 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  9. Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, H. Dong, and W. Zhou, “Realization of an all-optically controlled dynamic superlattice for exciton-polaritons,” Nanoscale 10(29), 14082–14089 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. J. Wang, W. Xie, L. Zhang, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, Y. Chen, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Exciton-polariton condensate induced by evaporative cooling in a three-dimensionally confined microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 91(16), 165423 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  11. M. Galbiati, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, D. Tanese, E. Wertz, A. Amo, M. Abbarchi, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, E. Galopin, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Polariton Condensation in Photonic Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 126403 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  13. G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Sculpting oscillators with light within a nonlinear quantum fluid,” Nat. Phys. 8(3), 190–194 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1243 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. P. Cristofolini, A. Dreismann, G. Christmann, G. Franchetti, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Optical Superfluid Phase Transitions and Trapping of Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 186403 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. H. Ohadi, Y. Del Valle-Inclan Redondo, A. Dreismann, Y. G. Rubo, F. Pinsker, S. I. Tsintzos, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Tunable Magnetic Alignment between Trapped Exciton-Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106403 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. A. Askitopoulos, T. C. H. Liew, H. Ohadi, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Robust platform for engineering pure-quantum-state transitions in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 92(3), 035305 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  18. Y. Zhang, H. Dong, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, and W. Zhou, “Fabry-Perot Type Polariton Modes and Their Dynamics Revealed by Young’s Interference Experiment,” Opt. Express 26(14), 18214–18221 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. Y. J. Zhang, X. H. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Y. Xu, H. X. Dong, and W. H. Zhou, “Resolving lifetimes of degenerate polariton states in an optical superlattice,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(8), 082003 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  20. Q. Q. Duan, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, T. Hu, W. Xie, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Polariton lasing of quasi-whispering gallery modes in a ZnO microwire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 022103 (2013).
    [Crossref]

2018 (4)

Y. B. Sun, Y. Yoon, S. Khan, L. Ge, M. Steger, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, H. E. Türeci, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Stable switching among high-order modes in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 97(4), 045303 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, H. Dong, and W. Zhou, “Realization of an all-optically controlled dynamic superlattice for exciton-polaritons,” Nanoscale 10(29), 14082–14089 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, H. Dong, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, and W. Zhou, “Fabry-Perot Type Polariton Modes and Their Dynamics Revealed by Young’s Interference Experiment,” Opt. Express 26(14), 18214–18221 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. J. Zhang, X. H. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Y. Xu, H. X. Dong, and W. H. Zhou, “Resolving lifetimes of degenerate polariton states in an optical superlattice,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(8), 082003 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

N. G. Berloff, M. Silva, K. Kalinin, A. Askitopoulos, J. D. Töpfer, P. Cilibrizzi, W. Langbein, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Realizing the classical XY Hamiltonian in polariton simulators,” Nat. Mater. 16(11), 1120–1126 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Sun, Y. Yoon, M. Steger, G. Liu, N. Loren, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of polariton–polariton interaction strength,” Nat. Phys. 13(9), 870–875 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

H. Ohadi, Y. Del Valle-Inclan Redondo, A. Dreismann, Y. G. Rubo, F. Pinsker, S. I. Tsintzos, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Tunable Magnetic Alignment between Trapped Exciton-Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106403 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Ohadi, R. L. Gregory, T. Freegarde, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, N. G. Berloff, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Nontrivial Phase Coupling in Polariton Multiplets,” Phys. Rev. X 6(3), 031032 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

J. Wang, W. Xie, L. Zhang, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, Y. Chen, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Exciton-polariton condensate induced by evaporative cooling in a three-dimensionally confined microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 91(16), 165423 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Askitopoulos, T. C. H. Liew, H. Ohadi, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Robust platform for engineering pure-quantum-state transitions in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 92(3), 035305 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

P. Cristofolini, A. Dreismann, G. Christmann, G. Franchetti, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Optical Superfluid Phase Transitions and Trapping of Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 186403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Nelsen, G. Q. Liu, M. Steger, D. W. Stoke, R. Balili, K. West, and L. Pfeiffer, “Dissipationless Flow and Sharp Threshold of a Polariton Condensate with Long Lifetime,” Phys. Rev. X 3(4), 041015 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Duan, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, T. Hu, W. Xie, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Polariton lasing of quasi-whispering gallery modes in a ZnO microwire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 022103 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

M. Galbiati, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, D. Tanese, E. Wertz, A. Amo, M. Abbarchi, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, E. Galopin, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Polariton Condensation in Photonic Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 126403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Sculpting oscillators with light within a nonlinear quantum fluid,” Nat. Phys. 8(3), 190–194 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

H. Deng, H. Haug, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton Bose-Einstein condensation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(2), 1489–1537 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,” Nature 450(7169), 529–532 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abbarchi, M.

M. Galbiati, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, D. Tanese, E. Wertz, A. Amo, M. Abbarchi, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, E. Galopin, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Polariton Condensation in Photonic Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 126403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amo, A.

M. Galbiati, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, D. Tanese, E. Wertz, A. Amo, M. Abbarchi, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, E. Galopin, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Polariton Condensation in Photonic Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 126403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

André, R.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Askitopoulos, A.

N. G. Berloff, M. Silva, K. Kalinin, A. Askitopoulos, J. D. Töpfer, P. Cilibrizzi, W. Langbein, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Realizing the classical XY Hamiltonian in polariton simulators,” Nat. Mater. 16(11), 1120–1126 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Askitopoulos, T. C. H. Liew, H. Ohadi, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Robust platform for engineering pure-quantum-state transitions in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 92(3), 035305 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baas, A.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balili, R.

B. Nelsen, G. Q. Liu, M. Steger, D. W. Stoke, R. Balili, K. West, and L. Pfeiffer, “Dissipationless Flow and Sharp Threshold of a Polariton Condensate with Long Lifetime,” Phys. Rev. X 3(4), 041015 (2013).
[Crossref]

Baumberg, J. J.

H. Ohadi, Y. Del Valle-Inclan Redondo, A. Dreismann, Y. G. Rubo, F. Pinsker, S. I. Tsintzos, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Tunable Magnetic Alignment between Trapped Exciton-Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106403 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Cristofolini, A. Dreismann, G. Christmann, G. Franchetti, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Optical Superfluid Phase Transitions and Trapping of Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 186403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Sculpting oscillators with light within a nonlinear quantum fluid,” Nat. Phys. 8(3), 190–194 (2012).
[Crossref]

Berloff, N. G.

N. G. Berloff, M. Silva, K. Kalinin, A. Askitopoulos, J. D. Töpfer, P. Cilibrizzi, W. Langbein, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Realizing the classical XY Hamiltonian in polariton simulators,” Nat. Mater. 16(11), 1120–1126 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Ohadi, R. L. Gregory, T. Freegarde, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, N. G. Berloff, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Nontrivial Phase Coupling in Polariton Multiplets,” Phys. Rev. X 6(3), 031032 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Cristofolini, A. Dreismann, G. Christmann, G. Franchetti, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Optical Superfluid Phase Transitions and Trapping of Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 186403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Sculpting oscillators with light within a nonlinear quantum fluid,” Nat. Phys. 8(3), 190–194 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bloch, J.

M. Galbiati, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, D. Tanese, E. Wertz, A. Amo, M. Abbarchi, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, E. Galopin, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Polariton Condensation in Photonic Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 126403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Byrnes, T.

C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,” Nature 450(7169), 529–532 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

J. Wang, W. Xie, L. Zhang, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, Y. Chen, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Exciton-polariton condensate induced by evaporative cooling in a three-dimensionally confined microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 91(16), 165423 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z. H.

J. Wang, W. Xie, L. Zhang, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, Y. Chen, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Exciton-polariton condensate induced by evaporative cooling in a three-dimensionally confined microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 91(16), 165423 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Duan, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, T. Hu, W. Xie, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Polariton lasing of quasi-whispering gallery modes in a ZnO microwire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 022103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Christmann, G.

P. Cristofolini, A. Dreismann, G. Christmann, G. Franchetti, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Optical Superfluid Phase Transitions and Trapping of Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 186403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Sculpting oscillators with light within a nonlinear quantum fluid,” Nat. Phys. 8(3), 190–194 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cilibrizzi, P.

N. G. Berloff, M. Silva, K. Kalinin, A. Askitopoulos, J. D. Töpfer, P. Cilibrizzi, W. Langbein, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Realizing the classical XY Hamiltonian in polariton simulators,” Nat. Mater. 16(11), 1120–1126 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cristofolini, P.

P. Cristofolini, A. Dreismann, G. Christmann, G. Franchetti, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Optical Superfluid Phase Transitions and Trapping of Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 186403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dang, S.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Del Valle-Inclan Redondo, Y.

H. Ohadi, Y. Del Valle-Inclan Redondo, A. Dreismann, Y. G. Rubo, F. Pinsker, S. I. Tsintzos, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Tunable Magnetic Alignment between Trapped Exciton-Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106403 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, H.

H. Deng, H. Haug, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton Bose-Einstein condensation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(2), 1489–1537 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,” Nature 450(7169), 529–532 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deveaud, B.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, H.

Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, H. Dong, and W. Zhou, “Realization of an all-optically controlled dynamic superlattice for exciton-polaritons,” Nanoscale 10(29), 14082–14089 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, H. Dong, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, and W. Zhou, “Fabry-Perot Type Polariton Modes and Their Dynamics Revealed by Young’s Interference Experiment,” Opt. Express 26(14), 18214–18221 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, H. X.

Y. J. Zhang, X. H. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Y. Xu, H. X. Dong, and W. H. Zhou, “Resolving lifetimes of degenerate polariton states in an optical superlattice,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(8), 082003 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dreismann, A.

H. Ohadi, Y. Del Valle-Inclan Redondo, A. Dreismann, Y. G. Rubo, F. Pinsker, S. I. Tsintzos, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Tunable Magnetic Alignment between Trapped Exciton-Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106403 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Cristofolini, A. Dreismann, G. Christmann, G. Franchetti, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Optical Superfluid Phase Transitions and Trapping of Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 186403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duan, Q. Q.

Q. Q. Duan, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, T. Hu, W. Xie, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Polariton lasing of quasi-whispering gallery modes in a ZnO microwire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 022103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ferrier, L.

M. Galbiati, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, D. Tanese, E. Wertz, A. Amo, M. Abbarchi, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, E. Galopin, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Polariton Condensation in Photonic Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 126403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Franchetti, G.

P. Cristofolini, A. Dreismann, G. Christmann, G. Franchetti, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Optical Superfluid Phase Transitions and Trapping of Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 186403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fraser, M. D.

C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,” Nature 450(7169), 529–532 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freegarde, T.

H. Ohadi, R. L. Gregory, T. Freegarde, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, N. G. Berloff, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Nontrivial Phase Coupling in Polariton Multiplets,” Phys. Rev. X 6(3), 031032 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fujisawa, T.

C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,” Nature 450(7169), 529–532 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galbiati, M.

M. Galbiati, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, D. Tanese, E. Wertz, A. Amo, M. Abbarchi, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, E. Galopin, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Polariton Condensation in Photonic Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 126403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galopin, E.

M. Galbiati, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, D. Tanese, E. Wertz, A. Amo, M. Abbarchi, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, E. Galopin, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Polariton Condensation in Photonic Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 126403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, T.

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Sculpting oscillators with light within a nonlinear quantum fluid,” Nat. Phys. 8(3), 190–194 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ge, L.

Y. B. Sun, Y. Yoon, S. Khan, L. Ge, M. Steger, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, H. E. Türeci, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Stable switching among high-order modes in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 97(4), 045303 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gregory, R. L.

H. Ohadi, R. L. Gregory, T. Freegarde, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, N. G. Berloff, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Nontrivial Phase Coupling in Polariton Multiplets,” Phys. Rev. X 6(3), 031032 (2016).
[Crossref]

Grousson, R.

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gu, J.

J. Wang, W. Xie, L. Zhang, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, Y. Chen, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Exciton-polariton condensate induced by evaporative cooling in a three-dimensionally confined microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 91(16), 165423 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Duan, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, T. Hu, W. Xie, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Polariton lasing of quasi-whispering gallery modes in a ZnO microwire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 022103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hatzopoulos, Z.

H. Ohadi, Y. Del Valle-Inclan Redondo, A. Dreismann, Y. G. Rubo, F. Pinsker, S. I. Tsintzos, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Tunable Magnetic Alignment between Trapped Exciton-Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106403 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Askitopoulos, T. C. H. Liew, H. Ohadi, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Robust platform for engineering pure-quantum-state transitions in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 92(3), 035305 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Cristofolini, A. Dreismann, G. Christmann, G. Franchetti, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Optical Superfluid Phase Transitions and Trapping of Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 186403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Sculpting oscillators with light within a nonlinear quantum fluid,” Nat. Phys. 8(3), 190–194 (2012).
[Crossref]

Haug, H.

H. Deng, H. Haug, and Y. Yamamoto, “Exciton-polariton Bose-Einstein condensation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(2), 1489–1537 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hu, T.

Q. Q. Duan, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, T. Hu, W. Xie, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Polariton lasing of quasi-whispering gallery modes in a ZnO microwire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 022103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jeambrun, P.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johne, R.

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kalinin, K.

N. G. Berloff, M. Silva, K. Kalinin, A. Askitopoulos, J. D. Töpfer, P. Cilibrizzi, W. Langbein, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Realizing the classical XY Hamiltonian in polariton simulators,” Nat. Mater. 16(11), 1120–1126 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kasprzak, J.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kavokin, A. V.

H. Ohadi, R. L. Gregory, T. Freegarde, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, N. G. Berloff, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Nontrivial Phase Coupling in Polariton Multiplets,” Phys. Rev. X 6(3), 031032 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Keeling, J. M. J.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khan, S.

Y. B. Sun, Y. Yoon, S. Khan, L. Ge, M. Steger, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, H. E. Türeci, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Stable switching among high-order modes in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 97(4), 045303 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kim, N. Y.

C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,” Nature 450(7169), 529–532 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumada, N.

C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,” Nature 450(7169), 529–532 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kundermann, S.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lagoudakis, P. G.

N. G. Berloff, M. Silva, K. Kalinin, A. Askitopoulos, J. D. Töpfer, P. Cilibrizzi, W. Langbein, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Realizing the classical XY Hamiltonian in polariton simulators,” Nat. Mater. 16(11), 1120–1126 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Ohadi, R. L. Gregory, T. Freegarde, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, N. G. Berloff, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Nontrivial Phase Coupling in Polariton Multiplets,” Phys. Rev. X 6(3), 031032 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Askitopoulos, T. C. H. Liew, H. Ohadi, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Robust platform for engineering pure-quantum-state transitions in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 92(3), 035305 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lai, C. W.

C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,” Nature 450(7169), 529–532 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Langbein, W.

N. G. Berloff, M. Silva, K. Kalinin, A. Askitopoulos, J. D. Töpfer, P. Cilibrizzi, W. Langbein, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Realizing the classical XY Hamiltonian in polariton simulators,” Nat. Mater. 16(11), 1120–1126 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lemaître, A.

M. Galbiati, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, D. Tanese, E. Wertz, A. Amo, M. Abbarchi, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, E. Galopin, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Polariton Condensation in Photonic Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 126403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liew, T. C. H.

A. Askitopoulos, T. C. H. Liew, H. Ohadi, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Robust platform for engineering pure-quantum-state transitions in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 92(3), 035305 (2015).
[Crossref]

Littlewood, P. B.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, G.

Y. Sun, Y. Yoon, M. Steger, G. Liu, N. Loren, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of polariton–polariton interaction strength,” Nat. Phys. 13(9), 870–875 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, G. Q.

B. Nelsen, G. Q. Liu, M. Steger, D. W. Stoke, R. Balili, K. West, and L. Pfeiffer, “Dissipationless Flow and Sharp Threshold of a Polariton Condensate with Long Lifetime,” Phys. Rev. X 3(4), 041015 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, W. H.

J. Wang, W. Xie, L. Zhang, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, Y. Chen, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Exciton-polariton condensate induced by evaporative cooling in a three-dimensionally confined microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 91(16), 165423 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Duan, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, T. Hu, W. Xie, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Polariton lasing of quasi-whispering gallery modes in a ZnO microwire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 022103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Loren, N.

Y. Sun, Y. Yoon, M. Steger, G. Liu, N. Loren, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of polariton–polariton interaction strength,” Nat. Phys. 13(9), 870–875 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.

J. Wang, W. Xie, L. Zhang, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, Y. Chen, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Exciton-polariton condensate induced by evaporative cooling in a three-dimensionally confined microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 91(16), 165423 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Duan, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, T. Hu, W. Xie, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Polariton lasing of quasi-whispering gallery modes in a ZnO microwire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 022103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Malpuech, G.

M. Galbiati, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, D. Tanese, E. Wertz, A. Amo, M. Abbarchi, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, E. Galopin, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Polariton Condensation in Photonic Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 126403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Marchetti, F. M.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelsen, B.

B. Nelsen, G. Q. Liu, M. Steger, D. W. Stoke, R. Balili, K. West, and L. Pfeiffer, “Dissipationless Flow and Sharp Threshold of a Polariton Condensate with Long Lifetime,” Phys. Rev. X 3(4), 041015 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nelson, K. A.

Y. B. Sun, Y. Yoon, S. Khan, L. Ge, M. Steger, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, H. E. Türeci, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Stable switching among high-order modes in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 97(4), 045303 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Sun, Y. Yoon, M. Steger, G. Liu, N. Loren, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of polariton–polariton interaction strength,” Nat. Phys. 13(9), 870–875 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ohadi, H.

H. Ohadi, Y. Del Valle-Inclan Redondo, A. Dreismann, Y. G. Rubo, F. Pinsker, S. I. Tsintzos, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Tunable Magnetic Alignment between Trapped Exciton-Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106403 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Ohadi, R. L. Gregory, T. Freegarde, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, N. G. Berloff, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Nontrivial Phase Coupling in Polariton Multiplets,” Phys. Rev. X 6(3), 031032 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Askitopoulos, T. C. H. Liew, H. Ohadi, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Robust platform for engineering pure-quantum-state transitions in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 92(3), 035305 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, L.

B. Nelsen, G. Q. Liu, M. Steger, D. W. Stoke, R. Balili, K. West, and L. Pfeiffer, “Dissipationless Flow and Sharp Threshold of a Polariton Condensate with Long Lifetime,” Phys. Rev. X 3(4), 041015 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, L. N.

Y. B. Sun, Y. Yoon, S. Khan, L. Ge, M. Steger, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, H. E. Türeci, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Stable switching among high-order modes in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 97(4), 045303 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Sun, Y. Yoon, M. Steger, G. Liu, N. Loren, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of polariton–polariton interaction strength,” Nat. Phys. 13(9), 870–875 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pinsker, F.

H. Ohadi, Y. Del Valle-Inclan Redondo, A. Dreismann, Y. G. Rubo, F. Pinsker, S. I. Tsintzos, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Tunable Magnetic Alignment between Trapped Exciton-Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106403 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Recher, P.

C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,” Nature 450(7169), 529–532 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richard, M.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roumpos, G.

C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,” Nature 450(7169), 529–532 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rubo, Y. G.

H. Ohadi, R. L. Gregory, T. Freegarde, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, N. G. Berloff, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Nontrivial Phase Coupling in Polariton Multiplets,” Phys. Rev. X 6(3), 031032 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Ohadi, Y. Del Valle-Inclan Redondo, A. Dreismann, Y. G. Rubo, F. Pinsker, S. I. Tsintzos, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Tunable Magnetic Alignment between Trapped Exciton-Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106403 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sagnes, I.

M. Galbiati, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, D. Tanese, E. Wertz, A. Amo, M. Abbarchi, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, E. Galopin, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Polariton Condensation in Photonic Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 126403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sanvitto, D.

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

Savona, V.

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Savvidis, P. G.

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M. Galbiati, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, D. Tanese, E. Wertz, A. Amo, M. Abbarchi, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, E. Galopin, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Polariton Condensation in Photonic Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 126403 (2012).
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J. Wang, W. Xie, L. Zhang, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, Y. Chen, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Exciton-polariton condensate induced by evaporative cooling in a three-dimensionally confined microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 91(16), 165423 (2015).
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N. G. Berloff, M. Silva, K. Kalinin, A. Askitopoulos, J. D. Töpfer, P. Cilibrizzi, W. Langbein, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Realizing the classical XY Hamiltonian in polariton simulators,” Nat. Mater. 16(11), 1120–1126 (2017).
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Y. B. Sun, Y. Yoon, S. Khan, L. Ge, M. Steger, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, H. E. Türeci, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Stable switching among high-order modes in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 97(4), 045303 (2018).
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Y. Sun, Y. Yoon, M. Steger, G. Liu, N. Loren, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of polariton–polariton interaction strength,” Nat. Phys. 13(9), 870–875 (2017).
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E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
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Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, H. Dong, and W. Zhou, “Realization of an all-optically controlled dynamic superlattice for exciton-polaritons,” Nanoscale 10(29), 14082–14089 (2018).
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Y. Zhang, H. Dong, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, and W. Zhou, “Fabry-Perot Type Polariton Modes and Their Dynamics Revealed by Young’s Interference Experiment,” Opt. Express 26(14), 18214–18221 (2018).
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Y. J. Zhang, X. H. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Y. Xu, H. X. Dong, and W. H. Zhou, “Resolving lifetimes of degenerate polariton states in an optical superlattice,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(8), 082003 (2018).
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Y. J. Zhang, X. H. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Y. Xu, H. X. Dong, and W. H. Zhou, “Resolving lifetimes of degenerate polariton states in an optical superlattice,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(8), 082003 (2018).
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Y. Zhang, H. Dong, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, and W. Zhou, “Fabry-Perot Type Polariton Modes and Their Dynamics Revealed by Young’s Interference Experiment,” Opt. Express 26(14), 18214–18221 (2018).
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N. G. Berloff, M. Silva, K. Kalinin, A. Askitopoulos, J. D. Töpfer, P. Cilibrizzi, W. Langbein, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Realizing the classical XY Hamiltonian in polariton simulators,” Nat. Mater. 16(11), 1120–1126 (2017).
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G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Sculpting oscillators with light within a nonlinear quantum fluid,” Nat. Phys. 8(3), 190–194 (2012).
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G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1243 (2012).
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H. Ohadi, Y. Del Valle-Inclan Redondo, A. Dreismann, Y. G. Rubo, F. Pinsker, S. I. Tsintzos, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Tunable Magnetic Alignment between Trapped Exciton-Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116(10), 106403 (2016).
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P. Cristofolini, A. Dreismann, G. Christmann, G. Franchetti, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Optical Superfluid Phase Transitions and Trapping of Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 186403 (2013).
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G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1243 (2012).
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G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Sculpting oscillators with light within a nonlinear quantum fluid,” Nat. Phys. 8(3), 190–194 (2012).
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Y. B. Sun, Y. Yoon, S. Khan, L. Ge, M. Steger, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, H. E. Türeci, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Stable switching among high-order modes in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 97(4), 045303 (2018).
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C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,” Nature 450(7169), 529–532 (2007).
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J. Wang, W. Xie, L. Zhang, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, Y. Chen, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Exciton-polariton condensate induced by evaporative cooling in a three-dimensionally confined microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 91(16), 165423 (2015).
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Q. Q. Duan, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, T. Hu, W. Xie, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Polariton lasing of quasi-whispering gallery modes in a ZnO microwire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 022103 (2013).
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J. Wang, W. Xie, L. Zhang, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, Y. Chen, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Exciton-polariton condensate induced by evaporative cooling in a three-dimensionally confined microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 91(16), 165423 (2015).
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Q. Q. Duan, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, T. Hu, W. Xie, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Polariton lasing of quasi-whispering gallery modes in a ZnO microwire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 022103 (2013).
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M. Galbiati, L. Ferrier, D. D. Solnyshkov, D. Tanese, E. Wertz, A. Amo, M. Abbarchi, P. Senellart, I. Sagnes, A. Lemaître, E. Galopin, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Polariton Condensation in Photonic Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(12), 126403 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
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Y. B. Sun, Y. Yoon, S. Khan, L. Ge, M. Steger, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, H. E. Türeci, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Stable switching among high-order modes in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 97(4), 045303 (2018).
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Y. Sun, Y. Yoon, M. Steger, G. Liu, N. Loren, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of polariton–polariton interaction strength,” Nat. Phys. 13(9), 870–875 (2017).
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B. Nelsen, G. Q. Liu, M. Steger, D. W. Stoke, R. Balili, K. West, and L. Pfeiffer, “Dissipationless Flow and Sharp Threshold of a Polariton Condensate with Long Lifetime,” Phys. Rev. X 3(4), 041015 (2013).
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J. Wang, W. Xie, L. Zhang, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, Y. Chen, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Exciton-polariton condensate induced by evaporative cooling in a three-dimensionally confined microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 91(16), 165423 (2015).
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Q. Q. Duan, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, T. Hu, W. Xie, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Polariton lasing of quasi-whispering gallery modes in a ZnO microwire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 022103 (2013).
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Y. Zhang, H. Dong, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, and W. Zhou, “Fabry-Perot Type Polariton Modes and Their Dynamics Revealed by Young’s Interference Experiment,” Opt. Express 26(14), 18214–18221 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, H. Dong, and W. Zhou, “Realization of an all-optically controlled dynamic superlattice for exciton-polaritons,” Nanoscale 10(29), 14082–14089 (2018).
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Y. J. Zhang, X. H. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Y. Xu, H. X. Dong, and W. H. Zhou, “Resolving lifetimes of degenerate polariton states in an optical superlattice,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(8), 082003 (2018).
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J. Wang, W. Xie, L. Zhang, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, Y. Chen, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Exciton-polariton condensate induced by evaporative cooling in a three-dimensionally confined microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 91(16), 165423 (2015).
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Q. Q. Duan, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, T. Hu, W. Xie, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Polariton lasing of quasi-whispering gallery modes in a ZnO microwire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 022103 (2013).
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C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,” Nature 450(7169), 529–532 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoon, Y.

Y. B. Sun, Y. Yoon, S. Khan, L. Ge, M. Steger, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, H. E. Türeci, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Stable switching among high-order modes in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 97(4), 045303 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Sun, Y. Yoon, M. Steger, G. Liu, N. Loren, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of polariton–polariton interaction strength,” Nat. Phys. 13(9), 870–875 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

J. Wang, W. Xie, L. Zhang, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, Y. Chen, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Exciton-polariton condensate induced by evaporative cooling in a three-dimensionally confined microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 91(16), 165423 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Duan, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, T. Hu, W. Xie, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Polariton lasing of quasi-whispering gallery modes in a ZnO microwire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 022103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Y. Zhang, H. Dong, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, and W. Zhou, “Fabry-Perot Type Polariton Modes and Their Dynamics Revealed by Young’s Interference Experiment,” Opt. Express 26(14), 18214–18221 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, H. Dong, and W. Zhou, “Realization of an all-optically controlled dynamic superlattice for exciton-polaritons,” Nanoscale 10(29), 14082–14089 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. H.

Y. J. Zhang, X. H. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Y. Xu, H. X. Dong, and W. H. Zhou, “Resolving lifetimes of degenerate polariton states in an optical superlattice,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(8), 082003 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, H. Dong, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, and W. Zhou, “Fabry-Perot Type Polariton Modes and Their Dynamics Revealed by Young’s Interference Experiment,” Opt. Express 26(14), 18214–18221 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, H. Dong, and W. Zhou, “Realization of an all-optically controlled dynamic superlattice for exciton-polaritons,” Nanoscale 10(29), 14082–14089 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y. J.

Y. J. Zhang, X. H. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Y. Xu, H. X. Dong, and W. H. Zhou, “Resolving lifetimes of degenerate polariton states in an optical superlattice,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(8), 082003 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhou, W.

Y. Zhang, H. Dong, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, and W. Zhou, “Fabry-Perot Type Polariton Modes and Their Dynamics Revealed by Young’s Interference Experiment,” Opt. Express 26(14), 18214–18221 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, H. Dong, and W. Zhou, “Realization of an all-optically controlled dynamic superlattice for exciton-polaritons,” Nanoscale 10(29), 14082–14089 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, W. H.

Y. J. Zhang, X. H. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Y. Xu, H. X. Dong, and W. H. Zhou, “Resolving lifetimes of degenerate polariton states in an optical superlattice,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(8), 082003 (2018).
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Appl. Phys. Express (1)

Y. J. Zhang, X. H. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Y. Xu, H. X. Dong, and W. H. Zhou, “Resolving lifetimes of degenerate polariton states in an optical superlattice,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(8), 082003 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Q. Q. Duan, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, T. Hu, W. Xie, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Polariton lasing of quasi-whispering gallery modes in a ZnO microwire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(2), 022103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale (1)

Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, B. Tang, C. Tian, C. Xu, H. Dong, and W. Zhou, “Realization of an all-optically controlled dynamic superlattice for exciton-polaritons,” Nanoscale 10(29), 14082–14089 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Geometrically locked vortex lattices in semiconductor quantum fluids,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. G. Berloff, M. Silva, K. Kalinin, A. Askitopoulos, J. D. Töpfer, P. Cilibrizzi, W. Langbein, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Realizing the classical XY Hamiltonian in polariton simulators,” Nat. Mater. 16(11), 1120–1126 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (3)

E. Wertz, L. Ferrier, D. Solnyshkov, R. Johne, D. Sanvitto, A. Lemaître, I. Sagnes, R. Grousson, A. V. Kavokin, P. Senellart, G. Malpuech, and J. Bloch, “Spontaneous formation and optical manipulation of extended polariton condensates,” Nat. Phys. 6(11), 860–864 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Tosi, G. Christmann, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, T. Gao, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Sculpting oscillators with light within a nonlinear quantum fluid,” Nat. Phys. 8(3), 190–194 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Sun, Y. Yoon, M. Steger, G. Liu, N. Loren, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Direct measurement of polariton–polariton interaction strength,” Nat. Phys. 13(9), 870–875 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

J. Kasprzak, M. Richard, S. Kundermann, A. Baas, P. Jeambrun, J. M. J. Keeling, F. M. Marchetti, M. H. Szymańska, R. André, J. L. Staehli, V. Savona, P. B. Littlewood, B. Deveaud, and S. Dang, “Bose-Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons,” Nature 443(7110), 409–414 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Lai, N. Y. Kim, S. Utsunomiya, G. Roumpos, H. Deng, M. D. Fraser, T. Byrnes, P. Recher, N. Kumada, T. Fujisawa, and Y. Yamamoto, “Coherent zero-state and pi-state in an exciton-polariton condensate array,” Nature 450(7169), 529–532 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

Y. B. Sun, Y. Yoon, S. Khan, L. Ge, M. Steger, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. West, H. E. Türeci, D. W. Snoke, and K. A. Nelson, “Stable switching among high-order modes in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B 97(4), 045303 (2018).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. (2)

J. Wang, W. Xie, L. Zhang, D. Xu, W. H. Liu, J. Lu, Y. L. Wang, J. Gu, Y. Chen, X. C. Shen, and Z. H. Chen, “Exciton-polariton condensate induced by evaporative cooling in a three-dimensionally confined microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 91(16), 165423 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Askitopoulos, T. C. H. Liew, H. Ohadi, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Robust platform for engineering pure-quantum-state transitions in polariton condensates,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 92(3), 035305 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

P. Cristofolini, A. Dreismann, G. Christmann, G. Franchetti, N. G. Berloff, P. Tsotsis, Z. Hatzopoulos, P. G. Savvidis, and J. J. Baumberg, “Optical Superfluid Phase Transitions and Trapping of Polariton Condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(18), 186403 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. X (2)

H. Ohadi, R. L. Gregory, T. Freegarde, Y. G. Rubo, A. V. Kavokin, N. G. Berloff, and P. G. Lagoudakis, “Nontrivial Phase Coupling in Polariton Multiplets,” Phys. Rev. X 6(3), 031032 (2016).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of the experimental setup. Pump 1 and Pump 2 represent two Gaussian laser beams from the same 355 nm pulsed laser. (b) Spatial distribution of uncondensed excitons injected by the two laser beams (Pump 1 & Pump 2). (c) Angle-resolved PL image from a ZnO microrod excited with a single laser beam. The parabolic emission pattern corresponds to the lower dispersion branch for polaritons in the one-dimensional ZnO microcavity. Black dashed curve: fitted polariton dispersion using the coupled oscillator model. Red dash-dotted curve: cavity mode dispersion corresponding to the observed polariton branch. N: order of the cavity mode. Parameters of the measured microrod: diameter d ≈2.8 μm, Rabi splitting ≈312 meV, exciton-photon detuning ≈-118 meV. (d) Angle-resolved PL image for polaritons three-dimensionally confined by the two laser beams. White dotted curves: theoretically calculated polariton wavefunctions and the original polariton dispersion.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematics for the excited-state polariton condensate and the mechanism for the observation of multi-mode condensate. The blue-filled curve denotes the confined state that is populated by polaritons. It is also the highest available confined state inside the trap. (a) – (c) represent the snapshots during the dynamic dissipation of the trap barriers. (d) Schematic for the time-integrated PL image measured in experiments.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Angle-resolved PL images when the distance between the two excitation laser beams varied. (a) Distance of laser beams D ≈6.2 μm; (b) D ≈5.5 μm; (c) D ≈4.7 μm; (d) D ≈4.0 μm. All measurements were taken at room temperature. Laser power P ≈1.3 Pth, with Pth being the threshold power of polariton lasing. White dotted curves in (a – d) show the calculated probability distribution of the corresponding confined polariton states.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Red half-filled circles: integrated PL intensities for polaritons from different confined states. Black half-filled circles: calculated condensate-reservoir overlap factor for different confined states. (a) Data for different trap width, corresponding to those shown in Fig. 3. (b) Data for different trap depth, obtained by changing the excitation power. PL intensities and the spatial overlap factors shown here have been normalized, respectively.

Equations (2)

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ψ n (x)= N n exp( m * ω x 2 2 ) H n (x m * ω )
Π= D 2 D 2 |< ψ n (x)> | 2 |< ψ r (x)> | 2 dx

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