Abstract

We experimentally demonstrated an amorphous graphene-based metasurface yielding near-infrared super absorber characteristic. The structure is obtained by alternatively combining magnetron-sputtering deposition and graphene transfer coating fabrication techniques. The thickness constraint of the physical vapor–deposited amorphous metallic layer is unlocked and as a result, the as-fabricated graphene-based metasurface absorber achieves near-perfect absorption in the near-infrared region with an ultra-broad spectral bandwidth of 3.0 µm. Our experimental characterization and theoretical analysis further point out that the strong light-matter interaction observed is caused by localized surface plasmon resonance of the metal film’s particle-like surface morphology. In addition to the enhanced light absorption characteristics, such an amorphous metasurface can be used for surface-enhanced Raman scattering applications. Meanwhile, the proposed graphene-based metasurface relies solely on CMOS-compatible, low cost and large-area processing, which can be flexibly scaled up for mass production.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2019 (1)

S. R. Tamalampudi, R. Sankar, H. Apostoleris, M. A. Almahri, B. Alfakes, A. Al-Hagri, R. Li, A. Gougam, I. Almansouri, M. Chiesa, and J.-Y. Lu, “Thickness-Dependent Resonant Raman and E′ Photoluminescence Spectra of Indium Selenide and Indium Selenide/Graphene Heterostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. C 123(24), 15345–15353 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (10)

J. Tian, H. Luo, Q. Li, X. Pei, K. Du, and M. Qiu, “Near-Infrared Super-Absorbing All-Dielectric Metasurface Based on Single-Layer Germanium Nanostructures,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12, 1800076 (2018).
[Crossref]

B. Zeng, Z. Huang, A. Singh, Y. Yao, A. K. Azad, A. D. Mohite, A. J. Taylor, D. R. Smith, and H.-T. Chen, “Hybrid graphene metasurfaces for high-speed mid-infrared light modulation and single-pixel imaging,” Light: Sci. Appl. 7(1), 51 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Toudert, R. Serna, M. G. Pardo, N. Ramos, R. J. Peláez, and B. Maté, “Mid-to-far infrared tunable perfect absorption by a sub-λ/100 nanofilm in a fractal phasor resonant cavity,” Opt. Express 26(26), 34043–34059 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Raza, J.-Y. Lu, S. Alzaim, H. Li, and T. Zhang, “Novel receiver-enhanced solar vapor generation: review and perspectives,” Energies 11(1), 253 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Piccinotti, B. Gholipour, J. Yao, K. F. Macdonald, B. E. Hayden, and N. I. Zheludev, “Compositionally controlled plasmonics in amorphous semiconductor metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 26(16), 20861–20867 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. G. Wattoo, R. Bagheri, X. Ding, B. Zheng, J. Liu, C. Xu, L. Yang, and Z. Song, “Template free growth of robustly stable nanophotonic structures: broadband light superabsorbers,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(32), 8646–8662 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y.-C. Chiou, T. A. Olukan, M. A. Almahri, H. Apostoleris, C. H. Chiu, C.-Y. Lai, J.-Y. Lu, S. Santos, I. Almansouri, and M. Chiesa, “Direct Measurement of the Magnitude of the van der Waals Interaction of Single and Multilayer Graphene,” Langmuir 34(41), 12335–12343 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Andrikaki, K. Govatsi, S. N. Yannopoulos, G. A. Voyiatzis, and K. S. Andrikopoulos, “Thermal dewetting tunes surface enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS) performance,” RSC Adv. 8(51), 29062–29070 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. J. Yoon, Y. Jo, S. Jeong, J. W. Lim, and S.-Y. Lee, “Colored and semitransparent silver nanoparticle layers deposited by spin coating of silver nanoink,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(5), 52302 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, Q. Li, C. Sun, S. Jin, Y. Park, T. Zhou, X. Wang, B. Zhao, W. Ruan, and Y. M. Jung, “Fabrication of novel compound SERS substrates composed of silver nanoparticles and porous gold nanoclusters: A study on enrichment detection of urea,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 427, 328–333 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (6)

S. Shah, Y.-C. Chiou, C. Y. Lai, H. Apostoleris, M. M. Rahman, H. Younes, I. Almansouri, A. AlGhaferi, and M. Chiesa, “Impact of short duration, high-flow H2 annealing on graphene synthesis and surface morphology with high spatial resolution assessment of coverage,” Carbon 125, 318–326 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, S. Noorulla, A. S. Alketbi, N. X. Fang, G. Chen, and T. Zhang, “Near-Perfect Ultrathin Nanocomposite Absorber with Self-Formed Topping Plasmonic Nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(18), 1700222 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Wu, C. Liu, Y. Liu, L. Yu, Z. Yu, L. Chen, R. Ma, and H. Ye, “Numerical study of an ultra-broadband near-perfect solar absorber in the visible and near-infrared region,” Opt. Lett. 42(3), 450–453 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Hsiao, C. H. Chu, and D. P. Tsai, “Fundamentals and applications of metasurfaces,” Small Methods 1, 1600064 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhou, K. Chen, J. Zhao, P. Chen, T. Jiang, B. Zhu, Y. Feng, and Y. Li, “Metasurface Salisbury screen: achieving ultra-wideband microwave absorption,” Opt. Express 25(24), 30241–30252 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. H. Siddique, J. Mertens, H. Hölscher, and S. Vignolini, “Scalable and controlled self-assembly of aluminum-based random plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light: Sci. Appl. 6(7), e17015 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. C. Devlin, M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, and F. Capasso, “Broadband high-efficiency dielectric metasurfaces for the visible spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113(38), 10473–10478 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Choi, G. Kang, D. Shin, N. Barange, C.-W. Lee, D.-H. Ko, and K. Kim, “Lithography-free broadband ultrathin-film absorbers with gap-plasmon resonance for organic photovoltaics,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 12997–13008 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, N. X. Fang, G. Chen, and T. Zhang, “Effective dielectric constants and spectral density analysis of plasmonic nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 120(16), 163103 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. M. Rahman, H. Younes, J. Y. Lu, G. Ni, S. Yuan, N. X. Fang, T. Zhang, and A. AlGhaferi, “Broadband light absorption by silver nanoparticle decorated silica nanospheres,” RSC Adv. 6(109), 107951 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

P.-Y. Chen, M. Farhat, and H. Bağcı, “Graphene metascreen for designing compact infrared absorbers with enhanced bandwidth,” Nanotechnology 26(16), 164002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, J. Luo, M. Song, and H. Yu, “Large-area, broadband and high-efficiency near-infrared linear polarization manipulating metasurface fabricated by orthogonal interference lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(24), 241904 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. M. Akselrod, J. Huang, T. B. Hoang, P. T. Bowen, L. Su, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Large-Area Metasurface Perfect Absorbers from Visible to Near-Infrared,” Adv. Mater. 27(48), 8028–8034 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Tittl, A. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

Y. Zhang, T. Wei, W. Dong, K. Zhang, Y. Sun, X. Chen, and N. Dai, “Vapor-deposited amorphous metamaterials as visible near-perfect absorbers with random non-prefabricated metal nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4850 (2014).
[Crossref]

B.-T. Jheng, P.-T. Liu, and M.-C. Wu, “A promising sputtering route for dense Cu2ZnSnS4 absorber films and their photovoltaic performance,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 128, 275–282 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

S. Molesky, C. J. Dewalt, and Z. Jacob, “High temperature epsilon-near-zero and epsilon-near-pole metamaterial emitters for thermophotovoltaics,” Opt. Express 21(S1), A96–A110 (2013).
[Crossref]

P.-Y. Chen and A. Alù, “Terahertz metamaterial devices based on graphene nanostructures,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 3(6), 748–756 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

R. Alaee, M. Farhat, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “A perfect absorber made of a graphene micro-ribbon metamaterial,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28017–28024 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Xu, X. Ling, J. Xiao, M. S. Dresselhaus, J. Kong, H. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy on a flat graphene surface,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 109(24), 9281–9286 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

J.-Y. Lu, K.-P. Chiu, H.-Y. Chao, and Y.-H. Chang, “Multiple metallic-shell nanocylinders for surface-enhanced spectroscopes,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6(1), 173 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. W. Suk, A. Kitt, C. W. Magnuson, Y. Hao, S. Ahmed, J. An, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates,” ACS Nano 5(9), 6916–6924 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

J. Y. Lu and Y. H. Chang, “Implementation of an efficient dielectric function into the finite difference time domain method for simulating the coupling between localized surface plasmons of nanostructures,” Superlattices Microstruct. 47(1), 60–65 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. J. Allen, V. C. Tung, and R. B. Kaner, “Honeycomb carbon: a review of graphene,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 132–145 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Gong, G. Lee, B. Shan, E. M. Vogel, R. M. Wallace, and K. Cho, “First-principles study of metal–graphene interfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123711 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Schmelzeisen, Y. Zhao, M. Klapper, K. Müllen, and M. Kreiter, “Fluorescence enhancement from individual plasmonic gap resonances,” ACS Nano 4(6), 3309–3317 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

U. Schürmann, W. Hartung, H. Takele, V. Zaporojtchenko, and F. Faupel, “Controlled syntheses of Ag–polytetrafluoroethylene nanocomposite thin films by co-sputtering from two magnetron sources,” Nanotechnology 16(8), 1078–1082 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

Agrawal, M.

Ahmed, S.

J. W. Suk, A. Kitt, C. W. Magnuson, Y. Hao, S. Ahmed, J. An, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates,” ACS Nano 5(9), 6916–6924 (2011).
[Crossref]

Akselrod, G. M.

G. M. Akselrod, J. Huang, T. B. Hoang, P. T. Bowen, L. Su, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Large-Area Metasurface Perfect Absorbers from Visible to Near-Infrared,” Adv. Mater. 27(48), 8028–8034 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alaee, R.

Alfakes, B.

S. R. Tamalampudi, R. Sankar, H. Apostoleris, M. A. Almahri, B. Alfakes, A. Al-Hagri, R. Li, A. Gougam, I. Almansouri, M. Chiesa, and J.-Y. Lu, “Thickness-Dependent Resonant Raman and E′ Photoluminescence Spectra of Indium Selenide and Indium Selenide/Graphene Heterostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. C 123(24), 15345–15353 (2019).
[Crossref]

AlGhaferi, A.

S. Shah, Y.-C. Chiou, C. Y. Lai, H. Apostoleris, M. M. Rahman, H. Younes, I. Almansouri, A. AlGhaferi, and M. Chiesa, “Impact of short duration, high-flow H2 annealing on graphene synthesis and surface morphology with high spatial resolution assessment of coverage,” Carbon 125, 318–326 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. M. Rahman, H. Younes, J. Y. Lu, G. Ni, S. Yuan, N. X. Fang, T. Zhang, and A. AlGhaferi, “Broadband light absorption by silver nanoparticle decorated silica nanospheres,” RSC Adv. 6(109), 107951 (2016).
[Crossref]

Al-Hagri, A.

S. R. Tamalampudi, R. Sankar, H. Apostoleris, M. A. Almahri, B. Alfakes, A. Al-Hagri, R. Li, A. Gougam, I. Almansouri, M. Chiesa, and J.-Y. Lu, “Thickness-Dependent Resonant Raman and E′ Photoluminescence Spectra of Indium Selenide and Indium Selenide/Graphene Heterostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. C 123(24), 15345–15353 (2019).
[Crossref]

Alketbi, A. S.

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H. Hsiao, C. H. Chu, and D. P. Tsai, “Fundamentals and applications of metasurfaces,” Small Methods 1, 1600064 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tung, V. C.

M. J. Allen, V. C. Tung, and R. B. Kaner, “Honeycomb carbon: a review of graphene,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 132–145 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vignolini, S.

R. H. Siddique, J. Mertens, H. Hölscher, and S. Vignolini, “Scalable and controlled self-assembly of aluminum-based random plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light: Sci. Appl. 6(7), e17015 (2017).
[Crossref]

Vogel, E. M.

C. Gong, G. Lee, B. Shan, E. M. Vogel, R. M. Wallace, and K. Cho, “First-principles study of metal–graphene interfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123711 (2010).
[Crossref]

Voyiatzis, G. A.

S. Andrikaki, K. Govatsi, S. N. Yannopoulos, G. A. Voyiatzis, and K. S. Andrikopoulos, “Thermal dewetting tunes surface enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS) performance,” RSC Adv. 8(51), 29062–29070 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wallace, R. M.

C. Gong, G. Lee, B. Shan, E. M. Vogel, R. M. Wallace, and K. Cho, “First-principles study of metal–graphene interfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123711 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Y. Li, Q. Li, C. Sun, S. Jin, Y. Park, T. Zhou, X. Wang, B. Zhao, W. Ruan, and Y. M. Jung, “Fabrication of novel compound SERS substrates composed of silver nanoparticles and porous gold nanoclusters: A study on enrichment detection of urea,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 427, 328–333 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wattoo, A. G.

A. G. Wattoo, R. Bagheri, X. Ding, B. Zheng, J. Liu, C. Xu, L. Yang, and Z. Song, “Template free growth of robustly stable nanophotonic structures: broadband light superabsorbers,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(32), 8646–8662 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wei, T.

Y. Zhang, T. Wei, W. Dong, K. Zhang, Y. Sun, X. Chen, and N. Dai, “Vapor-deposited amorphous metamaterials as visible near-perfect absorbers with random non-prefabricated metal nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4850 (2014).
[Crossref]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref]

Weisse-Bernstein, N. R.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, D.

Wu, M.-C.

B.-T. Jheng, P.-T. Liu, and M.-C. Wu, “A promising sputtering route for dense Cu2ZnSnS4 absorber films and their photovoltaic performance,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 128, 275–282 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wuttig, M.

A. Tittl, A. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xiao, J.

W. Xu, X. Ling, J. Xiao, M. S. Dresselhaus, J. Kong, H. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy on a flat graphene surface,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 109(24), 9281–9286 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, C.

A. G. Wattoo, R. Bagheri, X. Ding, B. Zheng, J. Liu, C. Xu, L. Yang, and Z. Song, “Template free growth of robustly stable nanophotonic structures: broadband light superabsorbers,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(32), 8646–8662 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

W. Xu, X. Ling, J. Xiao, M. S. Dresselhaus, J. Kong, H. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy on a flat graphene surface,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 109(24), 9281–9286 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, W.

W. Xu, X. Ling, J. Xiao, M. S. Dresselhaus, J. Kong, H. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy on a flat graphene surface,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 109(24), 9281–9286 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

A. G. Wattoo, R. Bagheri, X. Ding, B. Zheng, J. Liu, C. Xu, L. Yang, and Z. Song, “Template free growth of robustly stable nanophotonic structures: broadband light superabsorbers,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(32), 8646–8662 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yannopoulos, S. N.

S. Andrikaki, K. Govatsi, S. N. Yannopoulos, G. A. Voyiatzis, and K. S. Andrikopoulos, “Thermal dewetting tunes surface enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS) performance,” RSC Adv. 8(51), 29062–29070 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yao, J.

Yao, Y.

B. Zeng, Z. Huang, A. Singh, Y. Yao, A. K. Azad, A. D. Mohite, A. J. Taylor, D. R. Smith, and H.-T. Chen, “Hybrid graphene metasurfaces for high-speed mid-infrared light modulation and single-pixel imaging,” Light: Sci. Appl. 7(1), 51 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ye, H.

Yin, X.

A. Tittl, A. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yoon, H. J.

H. J. Yoon, Y. Jo, S. Jeong, J. W. Lim, and S.-Y. Lee, “Colored and semitransparent silver nanoparticle layers deposited by spin coating of silver nanoink,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(5), 52302 (2018).
[Crossref]

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S. Shah, Y.-C. Chiou, C. Y. Lai, H. Apostoleris, M. M. Rahman, H. Younes, I. Almansouri, A. AlGhaferi, and M. Chiesa, “Impact of short duration, high-flow H2 annealing on graphene synthesis and surface morphology with high spatial resolution assessment of coverage,” Carbon 125, 318–326 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. M. Rahman, H. Younes, J. Y. Lu, G. Ni, S. Yuan, N. X. Fang, T. Zhang, and A. AlGhaferi, “Broadband light absorption by silver nanoparticle decorated silica nanospheres,” RSC Adv. 6(109), 107951 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. M. Rahman, H. Younes, G. Ni, J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, T. J. Zhang, N. X. Fang, and A. A. Ghaferi, “Plasmonic nanofluids enhanced solar thermal transfer liquid,” in AIP Conference Proceedings (2017), Vol. 1850.

Yu, H.

Z. Zhang, J. Luo, M. Song, and H. Yu, “Large-area, broadband and high-efficiency near-infrared linear polarization manipulating metasurface fabricated by orthogonal interference lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(24), 241904 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, L.

Yu, Z.

Yuan, S.

M. M. Rahman, H. Younes, J. Y. Lu, G. Ni, S. Yuan, N. X. Fang, T. Zhang, and A. AlGhaferi, “Broadband light absorption by silver nanoparticle decorated silica nanospheres,” RSC Adv. 6(109), 107951 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zaporojtchenko, V.

U. Schürmann, W. Hartung, H. Takele, V. Zaporojtchenko, and F. Faupel, “Controlled syntheses of Ag–polytetrafluoroethylene nanocomposite thin films by co-sputtering from two magnetron sources,” Nanotechnology 16(8), 1078–1082 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zeng, B.

B. Zeng, Z. Huang, A. Singh, Y. Yao, A. K. Azad, A. D. Mohite, A. J. Taylor, D. R. Smith, and H.-T. Chen, “Hybrid graphene metasurfaces for high-speed mid-infrared light modulation and single-pixel imaging,” Light: Sci. Appl. 7(1), 51 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

W. Xu, X. Ling, J. Xiao, M. S. Dresselhaus, J. Kong, H. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy on a flat graphene surface,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 109(24), 9281–9286 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, K.

Y. Zhang, T. Wei, W. Dong, K. Zhang, Y. Sun, X. Chen, and N. Dai, “Vapor-deposited amorphous metamaterials as visible near-perfect absorbers with random non-prefabricated metal nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4850 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, T.

A. Raza, J.-Y. Lu, S. Alzaim, H. Li, and T. Zhang, “Novel receiver-enhanced solar vapor generation: review and perspectives,” Energies 11(1), 253 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, S. Noorulla, A. S. Alketbi, N. X. Fang, G. Chen, and T. Zhang, “Near-Perfect Ultrathin Nanocomposite Absorber with Self-Formed Topping Plasmonic Nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(18), 1700222 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. M. Rahman, H. Younes, J. Y. Lu, G. Ni, S. Yuan, N. X. Fang, T. Zhang, and A. AlGhaferi, “Broadband light absorption by silver nanoparticle decorated silica nanospheres,” RSC Adv. 6(109), 107951 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, N. X. Fang, G. Chen, and T. Zhang, “Effective dielectric constants and spectral density analysis of plasmonic nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 120(16), 163103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, T. J.

M. M. Rahman, H. Younes, G. Ni, J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, T. J. Zhang, N. X. Fang, and A. A. Ghaferi, “Plasmonic nanofluids enhanced solar thermal transfer liquid,” in AIP Conference Proceedings (2017), Vol. 1850.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, T. Wei, W. Dong, K. Zhang, Y. Sun, X. Chen, and N. Dai, “Vapor-deposited amorphous metamaterials as visible near-perfect absorbers with random non-prefabricated metal nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4850 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, J. Luo, M. Song, and H. Yu, “Large-area, broadband and high-efficiency near-infrared linear polarization manipulating metasurface fabricated by orthogonal interference lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(24), 241904 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, B.

Y. Li, Q. Li, C. Sun, S. Jin, Y. Park, T. Zhou, X. Wang, B. Zhao, W. Ruan, and Y. M. Jung, “Fabrication of novel compound SERS substrates composed of silver nanoparticles and porous gold nanoclusters: A study on enrichment detection of urea,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 427, 328–333 (2018).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Zheng, B.

A. G. Wattoo, R. Bagheri, X. Ding, B. Zheng, J. Liu, C. Xu, L. Yang, and Z. Song, “Template free growth of robustly stable nanophotonic structures: broadband light superabsorbers,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(32), 8646–8662 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y.-X.

Zhou, P.

Zhou, T.

Y. Li, Q. Li, C. Sun, S. Jin, Y. Park, T. Zhou, X. Wang, B. Zhao, W. Ruan, and Y. M. Jung, “Fabrication of novel compound SERS substrates composed of silver nanoparticles and porous gold nanoclusters: A study on enrichment detection of urea,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 427, 328–333 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Z.

Zhu, B.

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M. Choi, G. Kang, D. Shin, N. Barange, C.-W. Lee, D.-H. Ko, and K. Kim, “Lithography-free broadband ultrathin-film absorbers with gap-plasmon resonance for organic photovoltaics,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(20), 12997–13008 (2016).
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J. W. Suk, A. Kitt, C. W. Magnuson, Y. Hao, S. Ahmed, J. An, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates,” ACS Nano 5(9), 6916–6924 (2011).
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M. Schmelzeisen, Y. Zhao, M. Klapper, K. Müllen, and M. Kreiter, “Fluorescence enhancement from individual plasmonic gap resonances,” ACS Nano 4(6), 3309–3317 (2010).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

A. Tittl, A. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. Giessen, “A switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability,” Adv. Mater. 27, 4597–4603 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. M. Akselrod, J. Huang, T. B. Hoang, P. T. Bowen, L. Su, D. R. Smith, and M. H. Mikkelsen, “Large-Area Metasurface Perfect Absorbers from Visible to Near-Infrared,” Adv. Mater. 27(48), 8028–8034 (2015).
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Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, S. Noorulla, A. S. Alketbi, N. X. Fang, G. Chen, and T. Zhang, “Near-Perfect Ultrathin Nanocomposite Absorber with Self-Formed Topping Plasmonic Nanoparticles,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(18), 1700222 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

H. J. Yoon, Y. Jo, S. Jeong, J. W. Lim, and S.-Y. Lee, “Colored and semitransparent silver nanoparticle layers deposited by spin coating of silver nanoink,” Appl. Phys. Express 11(5), 52302 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Zhang, J. Luo, M. Song, and H. Yu, “Large-area, broadband and high-efficiency near-infrared linear polarization manipulating metasurface fabricated by orthogonal interference lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(24), 241904 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

Y. Li, Q. Li, C. Sun, S. Jin, Y. Park, T. Zhou, X. Wang, B. Zhao, W. Ruan, and Y. M. Jung, “Fabrication of novel compound SERS substrates composed of silver nanoparticles and porous gold nanoclusters: A study on enrichment detection of urea,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 427, 328–333 (2018).
[Crossref]

Carbon (1)

S. Shah, Y.-C. Chiou, C. Y. Lai, H. Apostoleris, M. M. Rahman, H. Younes, I. Almansouri, A. AlGhaferi, and M. Chiesa, “Impact of short duration, high-flow H2 annealing on graphene synthesis and surface morphology with high spatial resolution assessment of coverage,” Carbon 125, 318–326 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

M. J. Allen, V. C. Tung, and R. B. Kaner, “Honeycomb carbon: a review of graphene,” Chem. Rev. 110(1), 132–145 (2010).
[Crossref]

Energies (1)

A. Raza, J.-Y. Lu, S. Alzaim, H. Li, and T. Zhang, “Novel receiver-enhanced solar vapor generation: review and perspectives,” Energies 11(1), 253 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. (1)

P.-Y. Chen and A. Alù, “Terahertz metamaterial devices based on graphene nanostructures,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 3(6), 748–756 (2013).
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J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, N. X. Fang, G. Chen, and T. Zhang, “Effective dielectric constants and spectral density analysis of plasmonic nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 120(16), 163103 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Gong, G. Lee, B. Shan, E. M. Vogel, R. M. Wallace, and K. Cho, “First-principles study of metal–graphene interfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123711 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

A. G. Wattoo, R. Bagheri, X. Ding, B. Zheng, J. Liu, C. Xu, L. Yang, and Z. Song, “Template free growth of robustly stable nanophotonic structures: broadband light superabsorbers,” J. Mater. Chem. C 6(32), 8646–8662 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

S. R. Tamalampudi, R. Sankar, H. Apostoleris, M. A. Almahri, B. Alfakes, A. Al-Hagri, R. Li, A. Gougam, I. Almansouri, M. Chiesa, and J.-Y. Lu, “Thickness-Dependent Resonant Raman and E′ Photoluminescence Spectra of Indium Selenide and Indium Selenide/Graphene Heterostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. C 123(24), 15345–15353 (2019).
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Langmuir (1)

Y.-C. Chiou, T. A. Olukan, M. A. Almahri, H. Apostoleris, C. H. Chiu, C.-Y. Lai, J.-Y. Lu, S. Santos, I. Almansouri, and M. Chiesa, “Direct Measurement of the Magnitude of the van der Waals Interaction of Single and Multilayer Graphene,” Langmuir 34(41), 12335–12343 (2018).
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Light: Sci. Appl. (2)

B. Zeng, Z. Huang, A. Singh, Y. Yao, A. K. Azad, A. D. Mohite, A. J. Taylor, D. R. Smith, and H.-T. Chen, “Hybrid graphene metasurfaces for high-speed mid-infrared light modulation and single-pixel imaging,” Light: Sci. Appl. 7(1), 51 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. H. Siddique, J. Mertens, H. Hölscher, and S. Vignolini, “Scalable and controlled self-assembly of aluminum-based random plasmonic metasurfaces,” Light: Sci. Appl. 6(7), e17015 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
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Nanotechnology (2)

U. Schürmann, W. Hartung, H. Takele, V. Zaporojtchenko, and F. Faupel, “Controlled syntheses of Ag–polytetrafluoroethylene nanocomposite thin films by co-sputtering from two magnetron sources,” Nanotechnology 16(8), 1078–1082 (2005).
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P.-Y. Chen, M. Farhat, and H. Bağcı, “Graphene metascreen for designing compact infrared absorbers with enhanced bandwidth,” Nanotechnology 26(16), 164002 (2015).
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Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (2)

R. C. Devlin, M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, J. Oh, and F. Capasso, “Broadband high-efficiency dielectric metasurfaces for the visible spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113(38), 10473–10478 (2016).
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W. Xu, X. Ling, J. Xiao, M. S. Dresselhaus, J. Kong, H. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy on a flat graphene surface,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 109(24), 9281–9286 (2012).
[Crossref]

RSC Adv. (2)

M. M. Rahman, H. Younes, J. Y. Lu, G. Ni, S. Yuan, N. X. Fang, T. Zhang, and A. AlGhaferi, “Broadband light absorption by silver nanoparticle decorated silica nanospheres,” RSC Adv. 6(109), 107951 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Andrikaki, K. Govatsi, S. N. Yannopoulos, G. A. Voyiatzis, and K. S. Andrikopoulos, “Thermal dewetting tunes surface enhanced resonance Raman scattering (SERRS) performance,” RSC Adv. 8(51), 29062–29070 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (2)

Y. Zhang, T. Wei, W. Dong, K. Zhang, Y. Sun, X. Chen, and N. Dai, “Vapor-deposited amorphous metamaterials as visible near-perfect absorbers with random non-prefabricated metal nanoparticles,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4850 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref]

Small Methods (1)

H. Hsiao, C. H. Chu, and D. P. Tsai, “Fundamentals and applications of metasurfaces,” Small Methods 1, 1600064 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (1)

B.-T. Jheng, P.-T. Liu, and M.-C. Wu, “A promising sputtering route for dense Cu2ZnSnS4 absorber films and their photovoltaic performance,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 128, 275–282 (2014).
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M. M. Rahman, H. Younes, G. Ni, J. Y. Lu, A. Raza, T. J. Zhang, N. X. Fang, and A. A. Ghaferi, “Plasmonic nanofluids enhanced solar thermal transfer liquid,” in AIP Conference Proceedings (2017), Vol. 1850.

D. Depla, S. Mahieu, and J. E. Greene, “Sputter deposition processes,” in Handbook of Deposition Technologies for Films and Coatings (Third Edition) (Elsevier, 2010), pp. 253–296.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Real and (b) imaginary part of permittivity of silver thin films with different thicknesses. SEM images of silver thin film with thickness of (c) 10 and (d) 20 nm, respectively.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Schematic of a metasurface/SiO2/silver absorber in the FDTD simulation domain. (b) FDTD predicted performance of absorbers with different spacer thicknesses. (c) Cross-sectional energy flow distributions of interaction between electromagnetic wave with silver metasurface at the incident wavelength of 750 nm. (d) TMM calculated and (e) measured absorption spectra of absorbers with different spacer layer thicknesses. (f) TMM calculated absorption spectra of absorbers with different metasurface thicknesses.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Schematic of fabrications of silver (Ag) metasurface with tunable thickness by combing CVD-grown graphene transfer coating with thin film deposition using sputtering.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a-b) SEM images of silver metasurface on SiO2 and graphene coated surface, respectively. (c) Schematic of multilayer of silver metasurface coating and graphene on SiO2 coated Ag reflective layer. (d) Measured absorptance of integrated silver metasurface and graphene absorber.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) UV-Vis and FTIR measured absorptance of integrated silver metasurface with graphene absorber. (b) Raman characterization on silver metasurface, graphene coated silver metasurface, and graphene sandwiched by silver metasurfaces, respectively.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Optical microscope images and Raman spectra of the transferred graphene layers SiO2 without (a-b) and with (c-d) removing the backside graphene by using O2 plasma treatment, respectively.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) The dependence of optical constants of the top layer placed above the silica-coated metal surface on absorption performance (b) The required optical constant for achieving near perfect absorption with different incident wavelengths.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. SEM images of 10 nm-thick silver thin film deposited on (a) copper surface and (b) graphene coated copper surface.

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