Abstract

The nonlinear optical properties of Bi2Se3 nanosheets of different diameters were studied using the femtosecond Z-scan technique. As the excitation wavelength increased from that for resonant absorption to non-resonant absorption, the nonlinear absorption of the smaller nanosheets with diameter of 30 or 80 nm changed from saturation to reverse saturation and the corresponding relaxation times decreased, unlike for larger nanosheets with diameter of 2000nm. The more sensitive nonlinear refractive index changed from positive to negative for all the nanosheets, when the excitation wavelengths were near-resonance absorption wavelengths. A simplified model similar to noble metal nanomaterials explains the observations suitably. The reversal in optical nonlinearities of Bi2Se3 nanosheets vastly enhances their properties.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (7)

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. H. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229–1700238 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer Bismuthene: Sonochemical Exfoliation, Nonlinear Optics and Applications for Ultrafast Photonics with Enhanced Stability,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(1), 1700221–1700230 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Ge, Z. F. Zhu, Y. H. Xu, Y. X. Chen, S. Chen, Z. M. Liang, Y. F. Song, Y. S. Zou, H. B. Zeng, S. X. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166–1701170 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Q. Wang, W. J. Yue, Z. Z. Liu, T. C. Shi, J. Du, Y. X. Leng, R. F. Wei, Y. T. Ye, C. Liu, X. F. Liu, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Response in Plasmonic 2D Molybdenum Oxide Nanosheets for Mode-Locked Pulse Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(17), 1700948–1700953 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, H. Wang, S. Liu, M. Li, Y. W. Wang, J. Z. Chen, L. H. Guo, J. B. Li, and J. He, “Saturable Absorption Enchantment of Au Nanorods Based on Energy Transfer between Longitudinal and Transverse Energy Levels,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 067801 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Jiang, Y. Ma, Z. Y. Fan, P. Wang, X. H. Li, Y. W. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Q. Shen, G. Wang, Z. J. Yang, S. Xiao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Abnormal nonlinear optical properties of hybrid graphene-TiO2 nanostructures,” Opt. Lett. 43(3), 523–526 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

X. H. Li, R. K. Liu, H. H. Xie, Y. Zhang, B. Lyu, P. Wang, J. H. Wang, Q. Fan, Y. Ma, S. H. Tao, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Tri-phase all-optical switching and broadband nonlinear optical response in Bi2Se3 nanosheets,” Opt. Express 25(15), 18346–18354 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301–1700309 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. H. Xie, J. D. Shao, J. H. Wang, Z. B. Sun, X. F. Yu, and Q. Q. Wang, “Near-infrared optical performances of two Bi2Se3 nanosheets,” RSC Adv. 7(79), 50234–50238 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

Y. W. Wang, H. Mu, X. H. Li, J. Yuan, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, J. Yuan, P. Wang, J. Z. Chen, J. Li, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultra-broadband Nonlinear Saturable Absorption for Two-dimensional Bi2TexSe3-x Nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 33070–33078 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

J. Yuan, M. Zhao, W. Z. Yu, Y. Lu, C. Y. Chen, M. Xu, S. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and Q. L. Bao, “Raman Spectroscopy of Two-Dimensional Bi2TexSe3 - x Platelets Produced by Solvothermal Method,” Materials 8(8), 5007–5017 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

Y. D. Glinka, S. Babakiray, T. A. Johnson, M. B. Holcomb, and D. Lederman, “Effect of carrier recombination on ultrafast carrier dynamics in thin films of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171905 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

S. B. Lu, C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, S. Q. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Li, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Third order nonlinear optical property of Bi2Se3,” Opt. Express 21(2), 2072–2082 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Glinka, S. Babakiray, T. A. Johnson, A. D. Bristow, M. B. Holcomb, and D. Lederman, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in thin-films of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151903 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

A. M. Gabudean, D. Biro, and S. Astilean, “Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) studies of 4-aminothiophenol adsorption on gold nanorods,” J. Mol. Struct. 993(1-3), 420–424 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

H. J. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

S. Eustis and M. A. El-Sayed, “Determination of the aspect ratio statistical distribution of gold nanorods in solution from a theoretical fit of the observed inhomogeneously broadened longitudinal plasmon resonance absorption spectrum,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(4), 044324 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref]

Astilean, S.

A. M. Gabudean, D. Biro, and S. Astilean, “Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) studies of 4-aminothiophenol adsorption on gold nanorods,” J. Mol. Struct. 993(1-3), 420–424 (2011).
[Crossref]

Babakiray, S.

Y. D. Glinka, S. Babakiray, T. A. Johnson, M. B. Holcomb, and D. Lederman, “Effect of carrier recombination on ultrafast carrier dynamics in thin films of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171905 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Glinka, S. Babakiray, T. A. Johnson, A. D. Bristow, M. B. Holcomb, and D. Lederman, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in thin-films of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151903 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q. L.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. H. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229–1700238 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, J. Yuan, P. Wang, J. Z. Chen, J. Li, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultra-broadband Nonlinear Saturable Absorption for Two-dimensional Bi2TexSe3-x Nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 33070–33078 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Wang, H. Mu, X. H. Li, J. Yuan, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Yuan, M. Zhao, W. Z. Yu, Y. Lu, C. Y. Chen, M. Xu, S. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and Q. L. Bao, “Raman Spectroscopy of Two-Dimensional Bi2TexSe3 - x Platelets Produced by Solvothermal Method,” Materials 8(8), 5007–5017 (2015).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref]

Biro, D.

A. M. Gabudean, D. Biro, and S. Astilean, “Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) studies of 4-aminothiophenol adsorption on gold nanorods,” J. Mol. Struct. 993(1-3), 420–424 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bristow, A. D.

Y. D. Glinka, S. Babakiray, T. A. Johnson, A. D. Bristow, M. B. Holcomb, and D. Lederman, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in thin-films of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151903 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cao, R.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. H. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229–1700238 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301–1700309 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. Y.

J. Yuan, M. Zhao, W. Z. Yu, Y. Lu, C. Y. Chen, M. Xu, S. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and Q. L. Bao, “Raman Spectroscopy of Two-Dimensional Bi2TexSe3 - x Platelets Produced by Solvothermal Method,” Materials 8(8), 5007–5017 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, J. Z.

S. Xiao, H. Wang, S. Liu, M. Li, Y. W. Wang, J. Z. Chen, L. H. Guo, J. B. Li, and J. He, “Saturable Absorption Enchantment of Au Nanorods Based on Energy Transfer between Longitudinal and Transverse Energy Levels,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 067801 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Wang, H. Mu, X. H. Li, J. Yuan, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, J. Yuan, P. Wang, J. Z. Chen, J. Li, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultra-broadband Nonlinear Saturable Absorption for Two-dimensional Bi2TexSe3-x Nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 33070–33078 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Y. Q. Ge, Z. F. Zhu, Y. H. Xu, Y. X. Chen, S. Chen, Z. M. Liang, Y. F. Song, Y. S. Zou, H. B. Zeng, S. X. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166–1701170 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, S. Q.

Chen, Y.

Chen, Y. X.

Y. Q. Ge, Z. F. Zhu, Y. H. Xu, Y. X. Chen, S. Chen, Z. M. Liang, Y. F. Song, Y. S. Zou, H. B. Zeng, S. X. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166–1701170 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer Bismuthene: Sonochemical Exfoliation, Nonlinear Optics and Applications for Ultrafast Photonics with Enhanced Stability,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(1), 1700221–1700230 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dai, X.

H. J. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dhanabalan, S. C.

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer Bismuthene: Sonochemical Exfoliation, Nonlinear Optics and Applications for Ultrafast Photonics with Enhanced Stability,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(1), 1700221–1700230 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dong, B. Q.

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer Bismuthene: Sonochemical Exfoliation, Nonlinear Optics and Applications for Ultrafast Photonics with Enhanced Stability,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(1), 1700221–1700230 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301–1700309 (2017).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

W. Q. Wang, W. J. Yue, Z. Z. Liu, T. C. Shi, J. Du, Y. X. Leng, R. F. Wei, Y. T. Ye, C. Liu, X. F. Liu, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Response in Plasmonic 2D Molybdenum Oxide Nanosheets for Mode-Locked Pulse Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(17), 1700948–1700953 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref]

El-Sayed, M. A.

S. Eustis and M. A. El-Sayed, “Determination of the aspect ratio statistical distribution of gold nanorods in solution from a theoretical fit of the observed inhomogeneously broadened longitudinal plasmon resonance absorption spectrum,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(4), 044324 (2006).
[Crossref]

Eustis, S.

S. Eustis and M. A. El-Sayed, “Determination of the aspect ratio statistical distribution of gold nanorods in solution from a theoretical fit of the observed inhomogeneously broadened longitudinal plasmon resonance absorption spectrum,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(4), 044324 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fan, D. Y.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. H. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229–1700238 (2018).
[Crossref]

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H. J. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
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Y. Q. Ge, Z. F. Zhu, Y. H. Xu, Y. X. Chen, S. Chen, Z. M. Liang, Y. F. Song, Y. S. Zou, H. B. Zeng, S. X. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166–1701170 (2018).
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Y. D. Glinka, S. Babakiray, T. A. Johnson, M. B. Holcomb, and D. Lederman, “Effect of carrier recombination on ultrafast carrier dynamics in thin films of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171905 (2014).
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Y. D. Glinka, S. Babakiray, T. A. Johnson, A. D. Bristow, M. B. Holcomb, and D. Lederman, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in thin-films of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151903 (2013).
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Guo, L. H.

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He, J.

S. Xiao, H. Wang, S. Liu, M. Li, Y. W. Wang, J. Z. Chen, L. H. Guo, J. B. Li, and J. He, “Saturable Absorption Enchantment of Au Nanorods Based on Energy Transfer between Longitudinal and Transverse Energy Levels,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 067801 (2018).
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Y. Q. Jiang, Y. Ma, Z. Y. Fan, P. Wang, X. H. Li, Y. W. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Q. Shen, G. Wang, Z. J. Yang, S. Xiao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Abnormal nonlinear optical properties of hybrid graphene-TiO2 nanostructures,” Opt. Lett. 43(3), 523–526 (2018).
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X. H. Li, R. K. Liu, H. H. Xie, Y. Zhang, B. Lyu, P. Wang, J. H. Wang, Q. Fan, Y. Ma, S. H. Tao, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Tri-phase all-optical switching and broadband nonlinear optical response in Bi2Se3 nanosheets,” Opt. Express 25(15), 18346–18354 (2017).
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Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, J. Yuan, P. Wang, J. Z. Chen, J. Li, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultra-broadband Nonlinear Saturable Absorption for Two-dimensional Bi2TexSe3-x Nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 33070–33078 (2016).
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Y. W. Wang, H. Mu, X. H. Li, J. Yuan, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
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X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. H. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229–1700238 (2018).
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X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
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Holcomb, M. B.

Y. D. Glinka, S. Babakiray, T. A. Johnson, M. B. Holcomb, and D. Lederman, “Effect of carrier recombination on ultrafast carrier dynamics in thin films of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171905 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Glinka, S. Babakiray, T. A. Johnson, A. D. Bristow, M. B. Holcomb, and D. Lederman, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in thin-films of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151903 (2013).
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X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
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X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. H. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229–1700238 (2018).
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Jiang, Y. Q.

Jing, G. H.

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301–1700309 (2017).
[Crossref]

Johnson, T. A.

Y. D. Glinka, S. Babakiray, T. A. Johnson, M. B. Holcomb, and D. Lederman, “Effect of carrier recombination on ultrafast carrier dynamics in thin films of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171905 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Glinka, S. Babakiray, T. A. Johnson, A. D. Bristow, M. B. Holcomb, and D. Lederman, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in thin-films of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151903 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lange, J.

Lederman, D.

Y. D. Glinka, S. Babakiray, T. A. Johnson, M. B. Holcomb, and D. Lederman, “Effect of carrier recombination on ultrafast carrier dynamics in thin films of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(17), 171905 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Glinka, S. Babakiray, T. A. Johnson, A. D. Bristow, M. B. Holcomb, and D. Lederman, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics in thin-films of the topological insulator Bi2Se3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(15), 151903 (2013).
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W. Q. Wang, W. J. Yue, Z. Z. Liu, T. C. Shi, J. Du, Y. X. Leng, R. F. Wei, Y. T. Ye, C. Liu, X. F. Liu, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Response in Plasmonic 2D Molybdenum Oxide Nanosheets for Mode-Locked Pulse Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(17), 1700948–1700953 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, J. Yuan, P. Wang, J. Z. Chen, J. Li, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultra-broadband Nonlinear Saturable Absorption for Two-dimensional Bi2TexSe3-x Nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 33070–33078 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, J. B.

S. Xiao, H. Wang, S. Liu, M. Li, Y. W. Wang, J. Z. Chen, L. H. Guo, J. B. Li, and J. He, “Saturable Absorption Enchantment of Au Nanorods Based on Energy Transfer between Longitudinal and Transverse Energy Levels,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 067801 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, J. G.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, J. Q.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. H. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229–1700238 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301–1700309 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

S. Xiao, H. Wang, S. Liu, M. Li, Y. W. Wang, J. Z. Chen, L. H. Guo, J. B. Li, and J. He, “Saturable Absorption Enchantment of Au Nanorods Based on Energy Transfer between Longitudinal and Transverse Energy Levels,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 067801 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, S. J.

J. Yuan, M. Zhao, W. Z. Yu, Y. Lu, C. Y. Chen, M. Xu, S. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and Q. L. Bao, “Raman Spectroscopy of Two-Dimensional Bi2TexSe3 - x Platelets Produced by Solvothermal Method,” Materials 8(8), 5007–5017 (2015).
[Crossref]

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X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
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Li, X. H.

Li, Y.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
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L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301–1700309 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. B. Lu, C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, S. Q. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Li, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Third order nonlinear optical property of Bi2Se3,” Opt. Express 21(2), 2072–2082 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Z. J.

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301–1700309 (2017).
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Liang, W. Y.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. H. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229–1700238 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liang, Z. M.

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer Bismuthene: Sonochemical Exfoliation, Nonlinear Optics and Applications for Ultrafast Photonics with Enhanced Stability,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(1), 1700221–1700230 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Ge, Z. F. Zhu, Y. H. Xu, Y. X. Chen, S. Chen, Z. M. Liang, Y. F. Song, Y. S. Zou, H. B. Zeng, S. X. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166–1701170 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

W. Q. Wang, W. J. Yue, Z. Z. Liu, T. C. Shi, J. Du, Y. X. Leng, R. F. Wei, Y. T. Ye, C. Liu, X. F. Liu, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Response in Plasmonic 2D Molybdenum Oxide Nanosheets for Mode-Locked Pulse Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(17), 1700948–1700953 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. X.

H. J. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, R. K.

Liu, S.

S. Xiao, H. Wang, S. Liu, M. Li, Y. W. Wang, J. Z. Chen, L. H. Guo, J. B. Li, and J. He, “Saturable Absorption Enchantment of Au Nanorods Based on Energy Transfer between Longitudinal and Transverse Energy Levels,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 067801 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, J. Yuan, P. Wang, J. Z. Chen, J. Li, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultra-broadband Nonlinear Saturable Absorption for Two-dimensional Bi2TexSe3-x Nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 33070–33078 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, S. X.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. H. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229–1700238 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, X. F.

W. Q. Wang, W. J. Yue, Z. Z. Liu, T. C. Shi, J. Du, Y. X. Leng, R. F. Wei, Y. T. Ye, C. Liu, X. F. Liu, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Response in Plasmonic 2D Molybdenum Oxide Nanosheets for Mode-Locked Pulse Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(17), 1700948–1700953 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z. Z.

W. Q. Wang, W. J. Yue, Z. Z. Liu, T. C. Shi, J. Du, Y. X. Leng, R. F. Wei, Y. T. Ye, C. Liu, X. F. Liu, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Response in Plasmonic 2D Molybdenum Oxide Nanosheets for Mode-Locked Pulse Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(17), 1700948–1700953 (2018).
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Loh, K. P.

J. Yuan, M. Zhao, W. Z. Yu, Y. Lu, C. Y. Chen, M. Xu, S. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and Q. L. Bao, “Raman Spectroscopy of Two-Dimensional Bi2TexSe3 - x Platelets Produced by Solvothermal Method,” Materials 8(8), 5007–5017 (2015).
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Lu, L.

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer Bismuthene: Sonochemical Exfoliation, Nonlinear Optics and Applications for Ultrafast Photonics with Enhanced Stability,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(1), 1700221–1700230 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301–1700309 (2017).
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Lu, S. B.

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301–1700309 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. B. Lu, C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, S. Q. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Li, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Third order nonlinear optical property of Bi2Se3,” Opt. Express 21(2), 2072–2082 (2013).
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C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker: erratum,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
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Lu, W.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

J. Yuan, M. Zhao, W. Z. Yu, Y. Lu, C. Y. Chen, M. Xu, S. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and Q. L. Bao, “Raman Spectroscopy of Two-Dimensional Bi2TexSe3 - x Platelets Produced by Solvothermal Method,” Materials 8(8), 5007–5017 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y. R.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
[Crossref]

Luo, S. J.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. H. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229–1700238 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lyu, B.

Ma, Y.

Mohan, S.

Mu, H.

Y. W. Wang, H. Mu, X. H. Li, J. Yuan, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ponraj, J. S.

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer Bismuthene: Sonochemical Exfoliation, Nonlinear Optics and Applications for Ultrafast Photonics with Enhanced Stability,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(1), 1700221–1700230 (2018).
[Crossref]

Qi, X. L.

H. J. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J. R.

W. Q. Wang, W. J. Yue, Z. Z. Liu, T. C. Shi, J. Du, Y. X. Leng, R. F. Wei, Y. T. Ye, C. Liu, X. F. Liu, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Response in Plasmonic 2D Molybdenum Oxide Nanosheets for Mode-Locked Pulse Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(17), 1700948–1700953 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ruan, S. C.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
[Crossref]

Seifert, G.

Shao, J. D.

H. H. Xie, J. D. Shao, J. H. Wang, Z. B. Sun, X. F. Yu, and Q. Q. Wang, “Near-infrared optical performances of two Bi2Se3 nanosheets,” RSC Adv. 7(79), 50234–50238 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shen, J. Q.

Shi, T. C.

W. Q. Wang, W. J. Yue, Z. Z. Liu, T. C. Shi, J. Du, Y. X. Leng, R. F. Wei, Y. T. Ye, C. Liu, X. F. Liu, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Response in Plasmonic 2D Molybdenum Oxide Nanosheets for Mode-Locked Pulse Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(17), 1700948–1700953 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y. H.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. F.

Y. Q. Ge, Z. F. Zhu, Y. H. Xu, Y. X. Chen, S. Chen, Z. M. Liang, Y. F. Song, Y. S. Zou, H. B. Zeng, S. X. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166–1701170 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer Bismuthene: Sonochemical Exfoliation, Nonlinear Optics and Applications for Ultrafast Photonics with Enhanced Stability,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(1), 1700221–1700230 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z. B.

H. H. Xie, J. D. Shao, J. H. Wang, Z. B. Sun, X. F. Yu, and Q. Q. Wang, “Near-infrared optical performances of two Bi2Se3 nanosheets,” RSC Adv. 7(79), 50234–50238 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

Tang, X.

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301–1700309 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tao, S. H.

Wang, G.

Wang, H.

S. Xiao, H. Wang, S. Liu, M. Li, Y. W. Wang, J. Z. Chen, L. H. Guo, J. B. Li, and J. He, “Saturable Absorption Enchantment of Au Nanorods Based on Energy Transfer between Longitudinal and Transverse Energy Levels,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 067801 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, H. D.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. H. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229–1700238 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. H.

Wang, P.

Wang, Q. Q.

H. H. Xie, J. D. Shao, J. H. Wang, Z. B. Sun, X. F. Yu, and Q. Q. Wang, “Near-infrared optical performances of two Bi2Se3 nanosheets,” RSC Adv. 7(79), 50234–50238 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, W. Q.

W. Q. Wang, W. J. Yue, Z. Z. Liu, T. C. Shi, J. Du, Y. X. Leng, R. F. Wei, Y. T. Ye, C. Liu, X. F. Liu, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Response in Plasmonic 2D Molybdenum Oxide Nanosheets for Mode-Locked Pulse Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(17), 1700948–1700953 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. W.

S. Xiao, H. Wang, S. Liu, M. Li, Y. W. Wang, J. Z. Chen, L. H. Guo, J. B. Li, and J. He, “Saturable Absorption Enchantment of Au Nanorods Based on Energy Transfer between Longitudinal and Transverse Energy Levels,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 067801 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Jiang, Y. Ma, Z. Y. Fan, P. Wang, X. H. Li, Y. W. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Q. Shen, G. Wang, Z. J. Yang, S. Xiao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Abnormal nonlinear optical properties of hybrid graphene-TiO2 nanostructures,” Opt. Lett. 43(3), 523–526 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Wang, H. Mu, X. H. Li, J. Yuan, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, J. Yuan, P. Wang, J. Z. Chen, J. Li, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultra-broadband Nonlinear Saturable Absorption for Two-dimensional Bi2TexSe3-x Nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 33070–33078 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. T.

Wei, R. F.

W. Q. Wang, W. J. Yue, Z. Z. Liu, T. C. Shi, J. Du, Y. X. Leng, R. F. Wei, Y. T. Ye, C. Liu, X. F. Liu, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Response in Plasmonic 2D Molybdenum Oxide Nanosheets for Mode-Locked Pulse Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(17), 1700948–1700953 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wen, Q.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. H. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229–1700238 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wen, S. C.

Wu, L. M.

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer Bismuthene: Sonochemical Exfoliation, Nonlinear Optics and Applications for Ultrafast Photonics with Enhanced Stability,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(1), 1700221–1700230 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301–1700309 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiang, Y. J.

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer Bismuthene: Sonochemical Exfoliation, Nonlinear Optics and Applications for Ultrafast Photonics with Enhanced Stability,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(1), 1700221–1700230 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301–1700309 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiao, S.

S. Xiao, H. Wang, S. Liu, M. Li, Y. W. Wang, J. Z. Chen, L. H. Guo, J. B. Li, and J. He, “Saturable Absorption Enchantment of Au Nanorods Based on Energy Transfer between Longitudinal and Transverse Energy Levels,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 35(6), 067801 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Jiang, Y. Ma, Z. Y. Fan, P. Wang, X. H. Li, Y. W. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Q. Shen, G. Wang, Z. J. Yang, S. Xiao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Abnormal nonlinear optical properties of hybrid graphene-TiO2 nanostructures,” Opt. Lett. 43(3), 523–526 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. H. Li, R. K. Liu, H. H. Xie, Y. Zhang, B. Lyu, P. Wang, J. H. Wang, Q. Fan, Y. Ma, S. H. Tao, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Tri-phase all-optical switching and broadband nonlinear optical response in Bi2Se3 nanosheets,” Opt. Express 25(15), 18346–18354 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, J. Yuan, P. Wang, J. Z. Chen, J. Li, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultra-broadband Nonlinear Saturable Absorption for Two-dimensional Bi2TexSe3-x Nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 33070–33078 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Wang, H. Mu, X. H. Li, J. Yuan, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xie, H. H.

Xing, F.

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer Bismuthene: Sonochemical Exfoliation, Nonlinear Optics and Applications for Ultrafast Photonics with Enhanced Stability,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(1), 1700221–1700230 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, M.

J. Yuan, M. Zhao, W. Z. Yu, Y. Lu, C. Y. Chen, M. Xu, S. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and Q. L. Bao, “Raman Spectroscopy of Two-Dimensional Bi2TexSe3 - x Platelets Produced by Solvothermal Method,” Materials 8(8), 5007–5017 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, S. X.

Y. Q. Ge, Z. F. Zhu, Y. H. Xu, Y. X. Chen, S. Chen, Z. M. Liang, Y. F. Song, Y. S. Zou, H. B. Zeng, S. X. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166–1701170 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y. H.

Y. Q. Ge, Z. F. Zhu, Y. H. Xu, Y. X. Chen, S. Chen, Z. M. Liang, Y. F. Song, Y. S. Zou, H. B. Zeng, S. X. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166–1701170 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. J.

Ye, Y. T.

W. Q. Wang, W. J. Yue, Z. Z. Liu, T. C. Shi, J. Du, Y. X. Leng, R. F. Wei, Y. T. Ye, C. Liu, X. F. Liu, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Response in Plasmonic 2D Molybdenum Oxide Nanosheets for Mode-Locked Pulse Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(17), 1700948–1700953 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yu, W. Z.

J. Yuan, M. Zhao, W. Z. Yu, Y. Lu, C. Y. Chen, M. Xu, S. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and Q. L. Bao, “Raman Spectroscopy of Two-Dimensional Bi2TexSe3 - x Platelets Produced by Solvothermal Method,” Materials 8(8), 5007–5017 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, X. F.

Yuan, J.

Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, J. Yuan, P. Wang, J. Z. Chen, J. Li, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Ultra-broadband Nonlinear Saturable Absorption for Two-dimensional Bi2TexSe3-x Nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 33070–33078 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Wang, H. Mu, X. H. Li, J. Yuan, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, Y. L. Gao, and J. He, “Observation of large nonlinear responses in a graphene-Bi2Te3 heterostructure at a telecommunication wavelength,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(22), 221901 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Yuan, M. Zhao, W. Z. Yu, Y. Lu, C. Y. Chen, M. Xu, S. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and Q. L. Bao, “Raman Spectroscopy of Two-Dimensional Bi2TexSe3 - x Platelets Produced by Solvothermal Method,” Materials 8(8), 5007–5017 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yue, W. J.

W. Q. Wang, W. J. Yue, Z. Z. Liu, T. C. Shi, J. Du, Y. X. Leng, R. F. Wei, Y. T. Ye, C. Liu, X. F. Liu, and J. R. Qiu, “Ultrafast Nonlinear Optical Response in Plasmonic 2D Molybdenum Oxide Nanosheets for Mode-Locked Pulse Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(17), 1700948–1700953 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H. B.

Y. Q. Ge, Z. F. Zhu, Y. H. Xu, Y. X. Chen, S. Chen, Z. M. Liang, Y. F. Song, Y. S. Zou, H. B. Zeng, S. X. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166–1701170 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Y. J.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. H. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229–1700238 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

X. T. Jiang, S. X. Liu, W. Y. Liang, S. J. Luo, Z. H. He, Y. Q. Ge, H. D. Wang, R. Cao, F. Zhang, Q. Wen, J. Q. Li, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Photonics in Few-Layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T = F, O, or OH),” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(2), 1700229–1700238 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, Z. M. Liang, L. M. Wu, Y. X. Chen, Y. F. Song, S. C. Dhanabalan, J. S. Ponraj, B. Q. Dong, Y. J. Xiang, F. Xing, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Few-layer Bismuthene: Sonochemical Exfoliation, Nonlinear Optics and Applications for Ultrafast Photonics with Enhanced Stability,” Laser Photonics Rev. 12(1), 1700221–1700230 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Ge, Z. F. Zhu, Y. H. Xu, Y. X. Chen, S. Chen, Z. M. Liang, Y. F. Song, Y. S. Zou, H. B. Zeng, S. X. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166–1701170 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Lu, X. Tang, R. Cao, L. M. Wu, Z. J. Li, G. H. Jing, B. Q. Dong, S. B. Lu, Y. Li, Y. J. Xiang, J. Q. Li, D. Y. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response in Few-Layer Antimonene and Antimonene Quantum Dots: A Promising Optical Kerr Media with Enhanced Stability,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(17), 1700301–1700309 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. B. Lu, C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, S. Q. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Li, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Third order nonlinear optical property of Bi2Se3,” Opt. Express 21(2), 2072–2082 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, Y. H. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker: erratum,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H. J.

H. J. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L. J.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. C.

H. J. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Zhang, Y. Y.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, M.

J. Yuan, M. Zhao, W. Z. Yu, Y. Lu, C. Y. Chen, M. Xu, S. J. Li, K. P. Loh, and Q. L. Bao, “Raman Spectroscopy of Two-Dimensional Bi2TexSe3 - x Platelets Produced by Solvothermal Method,” Materials 8(8), 5007–5017 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z. F.

Y. Q. Ge, Z. F. Zhu, Y. H. Xu, Y. X. Chen, S. Chen, Z. M. Liang, Y. F. Song, Y. S. Zou, H. B. Zeng, S. X. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166–1701170 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y. H.

Zou, Y. S.

Y. Q. Ge, Z. F. Zhu, Y. H. Xu, Y. X. Chen, S. Chen, Z. M. Liang, Y. F. Song, Y. S. Zou, H. B. Zeng, S. X. Xu, H. Zhang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband Nonlinear Photoresponse of 2D TiS2 for Ultrashort Pulse Generation and All-Optical Thresholding Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(4), 1701166–1701170 (2018).
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Adv. Opt. Mater. (4)

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X. T. Jiang, L. J. Zhang, S. X. Liu, Y. Y. Zhang, Z. L. He, W. J. Li, F. Zhang, Y. H. Shi, W. Lu, Y. Li, Q. Wen, J. G. Li, J. Feng, S. C. Ruan, Y. J. Zeng, X. Zhu, Y. R. Lu, and H. Zhang, “Ultrathin Metal–Organic Framework: An Emerging Broadband Nonlinear Optical Material for Ultrafast Photonics,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 6(16), 1800561–1800571 (2018).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Absorption spectra of three types of Bi2Se3 nanosheets of diameters (a) 30 nm, (b) 80 nm, and (c) 2000 nm. The green lines represent the experimental results, while the yellow dotted lines represent the FDTD simulation results. The insets show the corresponding parameters. TEM images of Bi2Se3 nanosheets are in the top right corner. The excitation wavelengths in subsequent experiments were chosen as 400 nm, 660 nm, and 800 nm owing to the evident absorption of the larger nanosheets near 660 nm.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. The FDTD simulation results with different metal layer thicknesses and nanosheet diameters. The dotted lines represent the simulation results. The insets show the corresponding model: yellow represents the metal layer and red represents the insulation layer. The diameters significantly influence the shape of the absorption peak.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. OA Z-scan signals of Bi2Se3 nanosheets of diameters 30 nm (a-c), 80 nm (d-f), and 2000nm (g-i), at excitation wavelengths of 400 nm, 660 nm, and 800 nm. The scatter plots represent the experimental data; red lines indicate the saturated absorption fitting and blue lines represent the two-photon absorption fitting. Insets show the relative positions of excitation wavelengths in the absorption spectrum. The reversals appear from saturated absorption to reverse saturated absorption in the smaller nanosheets, as the excitation wavelength is far from the resonant wavelength.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. The ultrafast nonlinear process in Bi2Se3 nanosheets of diameters 30 nm (a)(b), 80 nm (c)(d), and 2000nm (e)(f), at excitation wavelengths of 400 nm and 800 nm. The scatter plots represent the experimental data and the lines indicate the single exponential fitting results. The relaxation times of all the nanosheets are in the picosecond scale.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. CA/OA measurement traces for Bi2Se3 nanosheets of diameters 30 nm (a-c), 80 nm (d-f), and 2000nm (g-i) at 400 nm, 660 nm and 800 nm. The scatter plots represent the experimental data, red lines indicate the self-focusing fitting results, and blue lines represent the self-defocusing fitting results. Reversals from self-focusing to self-defocusing appear in all the nanosheets as the excitation wavelength is close to the resonance wavelength.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. The imaginary (a) and real (b) part of ${\chi ^{(3 )}}$ . The dotted lines are Lorentz curves chosen arbitrarily to illustrate the scattering behavior. The two spots in the top left corner, which indicate two-photon absorption, are the exceptions.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Nonlinear absorption index ${\beta }$ and nonlinear refractive index ${{n}_2}$ of nanosheets of different sizes

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