Abstract

Multifunctional coding metasurfaces (CMs) have attracted extensive attention due to their ability to realize the multifunctional integration in optical devices. However, the researches on multifunctional CM mainly focus on dual functionality in reflected or transmitted space. Here, based on “Fabry-Pérot-like” cavity, we propose a novel multifunctional CM to simultaneously control different polarized light in full-space. It is revealed that the designed CM possesses asymmetric transmission characteristic, which can simultaneously achieve three different functionalities by changing the polarization state and the propagation direction of incident light. As a proof of concept, a single CM is designed to simultaneously realize the functionalities of beam splitting, diffusion scattering for co-polarized reflection and beam focusing for cross-polarized transmission. The simulated results are consistent with the experimental results, which demonstrates the feasibility of the design. This finding provides an effective approach to design multifunctional devices with miniaturization and high integration, which can also be used to achieve desired functionalities in other frequency domains.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Cascaded metasurface for simultaneous control of transmission and reflection

Jianing Yang, Xiaoyu Wu, Jiakun Song, Cheng Huang, Yijia Huang, and Xiangang Luo
Opt. Express 27(6) 9061-9070 (2019)

Multi-functional coding metasurface for dual-band independent electromagnetic wave control

Wen-Long Guo, Guang-Ming Wang, Hai-Sheng Hou, Ke Chen, and Yijun Feng
Opt. Express 27(14) 19196-19211 (2019)

Polarization and direction-controlled asymmetric multifunctional metadevice for focusing, vortex and Bessel beam generation

Jing Luan, Sikang Yang, Deming Liu, and Minming Zhang
Opt. Express 28(3) 3732-3744 (2020)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. C. L. Holloway, E. F. Kuester, J. A. Gordon, J. O’Hara, J. Booth, and D. R. Smith, “An overview of the theory and applications of metasurfaces: the two-dimensional equivalents of metamaterials,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 54(2), 10–35 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  4. F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Applied optics. Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. T. Heiden, F. Ding, J. Linnet, Y. Yang, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap‐Surface Plasmon Metasurfaces for Broadband Circular‐to‐Linear Polarization Conversion and Vector Vortex Beam Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(9), 1801414 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Jing, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, J. F. Wang, M. C. Feng, S. Sui, T. S. Qiu, H. Ma, and S. B. Qu, “Fast coding method of metasurfaces based on 1D coding in orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(47), 475103 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  13. X. M. Fu, J. F. Wang, Y. Fan, J. Yang, Y. X. Jia, Y. F. Li, M. B. Yan, J. Q. Zhang, and S. B. Qu, “Lightweight Ultra-Wideband RCS Reduction Structure using Double-Layer Metasurfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(11), 115103 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  14. K. Chen, L. Cui, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, T. Jiang, and B. Zhu, “Coding metasurface for broadband microwave scattering reduction with optical transparency,” Opt. Express 25(5), 5571–5579 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. M. Moccia, S. Liu, R. Y. Wu, G. Castaldi, A. Andreone, T. J. Cui, and V. Galdi, “Coding metasurfaces for diffuse scattering: scaling laws, bounds, and suboptimal design,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(19), 1700455 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  16. L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  17. T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. X. Wan, M. Q. Qi, T. Y. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Field-programmable beam reconfiguring based on digitally-controlled coding metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20663 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. Y. B. Li, L. L. Li, B. B. Xu, W. Wu, R. Y. Wu, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission-type 2-bit programmable metasurface for single-sensor and single-frequency microwave imaging,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23731 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. H. X. Xu, S. Tang, S. Ma, W. Luo, T. Cai, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Tunable microwave metasurfaces for high-performance operations: dispersion compensation and dynamical switch,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38255 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. T. J. Cui, S. Liu, and L. L. Li, “Information entropy of coding metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(11), e16172 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. Q. Q. Zheng, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Y. Chen, and S. B. Qu, “Wideband, wide-angle coding phase gradient metasurfaces based on Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43543 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  23. L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C. W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. X. Lin, Y. Rivenson, N. T. Yardimci, M. Veli, Y. Luo, M. Jarrahi, and A. Ozcan, “All-optical machine learning using diffractive deep neural networks,” Science 361(6406), 1004–1008 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. T. S. Qiu, X. Shi, J. F. Wang, Y. F. Li, S. B. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep Learning: A Rapid and Efficient Route to Automatic Metasurface Design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  27. S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. L. Zhang, R. Y. Wu, G. D. Bai, H. T. Wu, Q. Ma, X. Q. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission‐reflection‐integrated multifunctional coding metasurface for full‐space controls of electromagnetic waves,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(33), 1802205 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  29. H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9605 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. T. Cai, S. Tang, G. Wang, H. Xu, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  31. H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross‐talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  32. F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. H. X. Xu, S. Sun, S. Tang, S. Ma, Q. He, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, H. P. Li, and L. Zhou, “Dynamical control on helicity of electromagnetic waves by tunable metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27503 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  35. D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  36. L. Zhang, S. Liu, L. Li, and T. J. Cui, “Spin-Controlled Multiple Pencil Beams and Vortex Beams with Different Polarizations Generated by Pancharatnam-Berry Coding Metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(41), 36447–36455 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. R. Y. Wu, L. Zhang, L. Bao, L. Wu, Q. Ma, G. Bai, H. Wu, and T. Cui, “Digital metasurface with phase code and reflection–transmission amplitude code for flexible full space electromagnetic manipulations,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(8), 1801429 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  38. S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  39. Y. B. Li, B. G. Cai, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Isotropic Holographic Metasurfaces for Dual-Functional Radiations without Mutual Interferences,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(1), 29–35 (2016).
    [Crossref]

2019 (5)

J. T. Heiden, F. Ding, J. Linnet, Y. Yang, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap‐Surface Plasmon Metasurfaces for Broadband Circular‐to‐Linear Polarization Conversion and Vector Vortex Beam Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(9), 1801414 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. M. Fu, J. F. Wang, Y. Fan, J. Yang, Y. X. Jia, Y. F. Li, M. B. Yan, J. Q. Zhang, and S. B. Qu, “Lightweight Ultra-Wideband RCS Reduction Structure using Double-Layer Metasurfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(11), 115103 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C. W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. S. Qiu, X. Shi, J. F. Wang, Y. F. Li, S. B. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep Learning: A Rapid and Efficient Route to Automatic Metasurface Design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Y. Wu, L. Zhang, L. Bao, L. Wu, Q. Ma, G. Bai, H. Wu, and T. Cui, “Digital metasurface with phase code and reflection–transmission amplitude code for flexible full space electromagnetic manipulations,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(8), 1801429 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (4)

X. Lin, Y. Rivenson, N. T. Yardimci, M. Veli, Y. Luo, M. Jarrahi, and A. Ozcan, “All-optical machine learning using diffractive deep neural networks,” Science 361(6406), 1004–1008 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jing, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, J. F. Wang, M. C. Feng, S. Sui, T. S. Qiu, H. Ma, and S. B. Qu, “Fast coding method of metasurfaces based on 1D coding in orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(47), 475103 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, R. Y. Wu, G. D. Bai, H. T. Wu, Q. Ma, X. Q. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission‐reflection‐integrated multifunctional coding metasurface for full‐space controls of electromagnetic waves,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(33), 1802205 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (6)

T. Cai, S. Tang, G. Wang, H. Xu, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross‐talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, S. Liu, L. Li, and T. J. Cui, “Spin-Controlled Multiple Pencil Beams and Vortex Beams with Different Polarizations Generated by Pancharatnam-Berry Coding Metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(41), 36447–36455 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Q. Zheng, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Y. Chen, and S. B. Qu, “Wideband, wide-angle coding phase gradient metasurfaces based on Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43543 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Chen, L. Cui, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, T. Jiang, and B. Zhu, “Coding metasurface for broadband microwave scattering reduction with optical transparency,” Opt. Express 25(5), 5571–5579 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Moccia, S. Liu, R. Y. Wu, G. Castaldi, A. Andreone, T. J. Cui, and V. Galdi, “Coding metasurfaces for diffuse scattering: scaling laws, bounds, and suboptimal design,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(19), 1700455 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (11)

X. Wan, M. Q. Qi, T. Y. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Field-programmable beam reconfiguring based on digitally-controlled coding metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20663 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. B. Li, L. L. Li, B. B. Xu, W. Wu, R. Y. Wu, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission-type 2-bit programmable metasurface for single-sensor and single-frequency microwave imaging,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, S. Ma, W. Luo, T. Cai, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Tunable microwave metasurfaces for high-performance operations: dispersion compensation and dynamical switch,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38255 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Cui, S. Liu, and L. L. Li, “Information entropy of coding metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(11), e16172 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Sun, S. Tang, S. Ma, Q. He, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, H. P. Li, and L. Zhou, “Dynamical control on helicity of electromagnetic waves by tunable metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27503 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. B. Li, B. G. Cai, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Isotropic Holographic Metasurfaces for Dual-Functional Radiations without Mutual Interferences,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(1), 29–35 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9605 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Applied optics. Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Holloway, E. F. Kuester, J. A. Gordon, J. O’Hara, J. Booth, and D. R. Smith, “An overview of the theory and applications of metasurfaces: the two-dimensional equivalents of metamaterials,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 54(2), 10–35 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aieta, F.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Applied optics. Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alù, A.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C. W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andreone, A.

M. Moccia, S. Liu, R. Y. Wu, G. Castaldi, A. Andreone, T. J. Cui, and V. Galdi, “Coding metasurfaces for diffuse scattering: scaling laws, bounds, and suboptimal design,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(19), 1700455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ardron, M.

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Azad, A. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, B.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bai, B. F.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bai, G.

R. Y. Wu, L. Zhang, L. Bao, L. Wu, Q. Ma, G. Bai, H. Wu, and T. Cui, “Digital metasurface with phase code and reflection–transmission amplitude code for flexible full space electromagnetic manipulations,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(8), 1801429 (2019).
[Crossref]

Bai, G. D.

L. Zhang, R. Y. Wu, G. D. Bai, H. T. Wu, Q. Ma, X. Q. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission‐reflection‐integrated multifunctional coding metasurface for full‐space controls of electromagnetic waves,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(33), 1802205 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, D.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, L.

R. Y. Wu, L. Zhang, L. Bao, L. Wu, Q. Ma, G. Bai, H. Wu, and T. Cui, “Digital metasurface with phase code and reflection–transmission amplitude code for flexible full space electromagnetic manipulations,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(8), 1801429 (2019).
[Crossref]

Beermann, J.

J. T. Heiden, F. Ding, J. Linnet, Y. Yang, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap‐Surface Plasmon Metasurfaces for Broadband Circular‐to‐Linear Polarization Conversion and Vector Vortex Beam Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(9), 1801414 (2019).
[Crossref]

Blanchard, R.

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boltasseva, A.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Booth, J.

C. L. Holloway, E. F. Kuester, J. A. Gordon, J. O’Hara, J. Booth, and D. R. Smith, “An overview of the theory and applications of metasurfaces: the two-dimensional equivalents of metamaterials,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 54(2), 10–35 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

J. T. Heiden, F. Ding, J. Linnet, Y. Yang, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap‐Surface Plasmon Metasurfaces for Broadband Circular‐to‐Linear Polarization Conversion and Vector Vortex Beam Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(9), 1801414 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cai, B. G.

Y. B. Li, B. G. Cai, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Isotropic Holographic Metasurfaces for Dual-Functional Radiations without Mutual Interferences,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(1), 29–35 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cai, T.

T. Cai, S. Tang, G. Wang, H. Xu, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Sun, S. Tang, S. Ma, Q. He, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, H. P. Li, and L. Zhou, “Dynamical control on helicity of electromagnetic waves by tunable metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27503 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, S. Ma, W. Luo, T. Cai, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Tunable microwave metasurfaces for high-performance operations: dispersion compensation and dynamical switch,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38255 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Capasso, F.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Applied optics. Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Castaldi, G.

L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Moccia, S. Liu, R. Y. Wu, G. Castaldi, A. Andreone, T. J. Cui, and V. Galdi, “Coding metasurfaces for diffuse scattering: scaling laws, bounds, and suboptimal design,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(19), 1700455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chan, K. L.

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cheah, K. W.

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. B.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. Y.

Q. Q. Zheng, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Y. Chen, and S. B. Qu, “Wideband, wide-angle coding phase gradient metasurfaces based on Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43543 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, K.

Chen, L.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, M.

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, S. M.

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, T. Y.

X. Wan, M. Q. Qi, T. Y. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Field-programmable beam reconfiguring based on digitally-controlled coding metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20663 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W. T.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. Q.

L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, R. Y. Wu, G. D. Bai, H. T. Wu, Q. Ma, X. Q. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission‐reflection‐integrated multifunctional coding metasurface for full‐space controls of electromagnetic waves,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(33), 1802205 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. Z.

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Q.

T. S. Qiu, X. Shi, J. F. Wang, Y. F. Li, S. B. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep Learning: A Rapid and Efficient Route to Automatic Metasurface Design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. B. Li, L. L. Li, B. B. Xu, W. Wu, R. Y. Wu, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission-type 2-bit programmable metasurface for single-sensor and single-frequency microwave imaging,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. B. Li, B. G. Cai, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Isotropic Holographic Metasurfaces for Dual-Functional Radiations without Mutual Interferences,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(1), 29–35 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chiang, I. D.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chowdhury, D. R.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, L.

Cui, T.

R. Y. Wu, L. Zhang, L. Bao, L. Wu, Q. Ma, G. Bai, H. Wu, and T. Cui, “Digital metasurface with phase code and reflection–transmission amplitude code for flexible full space electromagnetic manipulations,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(8), 1801429 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cui, T. J.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C. W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. S. Qiu, X. Shi, J. F. Wang, Y. F. Li, S. B. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep Learning: A Rapid and Efficient Route to Automatic Metasurface Design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, R. Y. Wu, G. D. Bai, H. T. Wu, Q. Ma, X. Q. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission‐reflection‐integrated multifunctional coding metasurface for full‐space controls of electromagnetic waves,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(33), 1802205 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Moccia, S. Liu, R. Y. Wu, G. Castaldi, A. Andreone, T. J. Cui, and V. Galdi, “Coding metasurfaces for diffuse scattering: scaling laws, bounds, and suboptimal design,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(19), 1700455 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, S. Liu, L. Li, and T. J. Cui, “Spin-Controlled Multiple Pencil Beams and Vortex Beams with Different Polarizations Generated by Pancharatnam-Berry Coding Metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(41), 36447–36455 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. B. Li, B. G. Cai, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Isotropic Holographic Metasurfaces for Dual-Functional Radiations without Mutual Interferences,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(1), 29–35 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Wan, M. Q. Qi, T. Y. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Field-programmable beam reconfiguring based on digitally-controlled coding metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20663 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. B. Li, L. L. Li, B. B. Xu, W. Wu, R. Y. Wu, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission-type 2-bit programmable metasurface for single-sensor and single-frequency microwave imaging,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Cui, S. Liu, and L. L. Li, “Information entropy of coding metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(11), e16172 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9605 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dai, J. Y.

L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dalvit, D. A.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Danner, A.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, F.

J. T. Heiden, F. Ding, J. Linnet, Y. Yang, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap‐Surface Plasmon Metasurfaces for Broadband Circular‐to‐Linear Polarization Conversion and Vector Vortex Beam Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(9), 1801414 (2019).
[Crossref]

Du, L.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Emani, N. K.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, Y.

X. M. Fu, J. F. Wang, Y. Fan, J. Yang, Y. X. Jia, Y. F. Li, M. B. Yan, J. Q. Zhang, and S. B. Qu, “Lightweight Ultra-Wideband RCS Reduction Structure using Double-Layer Metasurfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(11), 115103 (2019).
[Crossref]

Feng, M. C.

Y. Jing, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, J. F. Wang, M. C. Feng, S. Sui, T. S. Qiu, H. Ma, and S. B. Qu, “Fast coding method of metasurfaces based on 1D coding in orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(47), 475103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

Fu, X. M.

X. M. Fu, J. F. Wang, Y. Fan, J. Yang, Y. X. Jia, Y. F. Li, M. B. Yan, J. Q. Zhang, and S. B. Qu, “Lightweight Ultra-Wideband RCS Reduction Structure using Double-Layer Metasurfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(11), 115103 (2019).
[Crossref]

Gaburro, Z.

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galdi, V.

L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Moccia, S. Liu, R. Y. Wu, G. Castaldi, A. Andreone, T. J. Cui, and V. Galdi, “Coding metasurfaces for diffuse scattering: scaling laws, bounds, and suboptimal design,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(19), 1700455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gao, L. H.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Applied optics. Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gordon, J. A.

C. L. Holloway, E. F. Kuester, J. A. Gordon, J. O’Hara, J. Booth, and D. R. Smith, “An overview of the theory and applications of metasurfaces: the two-dimensional equivalents of metamaterials,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 54(2), 10–35 (2012).
[Crossref]

Grady, N. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, J.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, J. G.

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

Han, Y. J.

Q. Q. Zheng, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Y. Chen, and S. B. Qu, “Wideband, wide-angle coding phase gradient metasurfaces based on Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43543 (2017).
[Crossref]

He, Q.

T. Cai, S. Tang, G. Wang, H. Xu, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Sun, S. Tang, S. Ma, Q. He, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, H. P. Li, and L. Zhou, “Dynamical control on helicity of electromagnetic waves by tunable metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27503 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, S. Ma, W. Luo, T. Cai, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Tunable microwave metasurfaces for high-performance operations: dispersion compensation and dynamical switch,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38255 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Heiden, J. T.

J. T. Heiden, F. Ding, J. Linnet, Y. Yang, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap‐Surface Plasmon Metasurfaces for Broadband Circular‐to‐Linear Polarization Conversion and Vector Vortex Beam Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(9), 1801414 (2019).
[Crossref]

Heyes, J. E.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holloway, C. L.

C. L. Holloway, E. F. Kuester, J. A. Gordon, J. O’Hara, J. Booth, and D. R. Smith, “An overview of the theory and applications of metasurfaces: the two-dimensional equivalents of metamaterials,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 54(2), 10–35 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hong, M.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, W. L.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, K.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, L.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, L. L.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. W.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hussain, S.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iqbal, S.

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jarrahi, M.

X. Lin, Y. Rivenson, N. T. Yardimci, M. Veli, Y. Luo, M. Jarrahi, and A. Ozcan, “All-optical machine learning using diffractive deep neural networks,” Science 361(6406), 1004–1008 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jia, Y. X.

X. M. Fu, J. F. Wang, Y. Fan, J. Yang, Y. X. Jia, Y. F. Li, M. B. Yan, J. Q. Zhang, and S. B. Qu, “Lightweight Ultra-Wideband RCS Reduction Structure using Double-Layer Metasurfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(11), 115103 (2019).
[Crossref]

Jiang, T.

Jiang, W. X.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jin, B. B.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jin, G.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jin, G. F.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jing, Y.

Y. Jing, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, J. F. Wang, M. C. Feng, S. Sui, T. S. Qiu, H. Ma, and S. B. Qu, “Fast coding method of metasurfaces based on 1D coding in orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(47), 475103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kats, M. A.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Applied optics. Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kildishev, A. V.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kong, G. S.

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9605 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuester, E. F.

C. L. Holloway, E. F. Kuester, J. A. Gordon, J. O’Hara, J. Booth, and D. R. Smith, “An overview of the theory and applications of metasurfaces: the two-dimensional equivalents of metamaterials,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 54(2), 10–35 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, G. X.

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, H. P.

H. X. Xu, S. Sun, S. Tang, S. Ma, Q. He, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, H. P. Li, and L. Zhou, “Dynamical control on helicity of electromagnetic waves by tunable metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27503 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, K. F.

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C. W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, S. Liu, L. Li, and T. J. Cui, “Spin-Controlled Multiple Pencil Beams and Vortex Beams with Different Polarizations Generated by Pancharatnam-Berry Coding Metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(41), 36447–36455 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L. L.

Y. B. Li, L. L. Li, B. B. Xu, W. Wu, R. Y. Wu, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission-type 2-bit programmable metasurface for single-sensor and single-frequency microwave imaging,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Cui, S. Liu, and L. L. Li, “Information entropy of coding metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(11), e16172 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C. W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y. B.

Y. B. Li, L. L. Li, B. B. Xu, W. Wu, R. Y. Wu, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission-type 2-bit programmable metasurface for single-sensor and single-frequency microwave imaging,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. B. Li, B. G. Cai, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Isotropic Holographic Metasurfaces for Dual-Functional Radiations without Mutual Interferences,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(1), 29–35 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. F.

T. S. Qiu, X. Shi, J. F. Wang, Y. F. Li, S. B. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep Learning: A Rapid and Efficient Route to Automatic Metasurface Design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. M. Fu, J. F. Wang, Y. Fan, J. Yang, Y. X. Jia, Y. F. Li, M. B. Yan, J. Q. Zhang, and S. B. Qu, “Lightweight Ultra-Wideband RCS Reduction Structure using Double-Layer Metasurfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(11), 115103 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Jing, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, J. F. Wang, M. C. Feng, S. Sui, T. S. Qiu, H. Ma, and S. B. Qu, “Fast coding method of metasurfaces based on 1D coding in orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(47), 475103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Zheng, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Y. Chen, and S. B. Qu, “Wideband, wide-angle coding phase gradient metasurfaces based on Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43543 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liang, L. J.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liao, C. Y.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, H. T.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, X.

X. Lin, Y. Rivenson, N. T. Yardimci, M. Veli, Y. Luo, M. Jarrahi, and A. Ozcan, “All-optical machine learning using diffractive deep neural networks,” Science 361(6406), 1004–1008 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ling, X.

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross‐talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Linnet, J.

J. T. Heiden, F. Ding, J. Linnet, Y. Yang, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap‐Surface Plasmon Metasurfaces for Broadband Circular‐to‐Linear Polarization Conversion and Vector Vortex Beam Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(9), 1801414 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liu, A. Q.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, C.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C. W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, S.

L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Moccia, S. Liu, R. Y. Wu, G. Castaldi, A. Andreone, T. J. Cui, and V. Galdi, “Coding metasurfaces for diffuse scattering: scaling laws, bounds, and suboptimal design,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(19), 1700455 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, S. Liu, L. Li, and T. J. Cui, “Spin-Controlled Multiple Pencil Beams and Vortex Beams with Different Polarizations Generated by Pancharatnam-Berry Coding Metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(41), 36447–36455 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, S. Liu, and L. L. Li, “Information entropy of coding metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(11), e16172 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, W. W.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, W.

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross‐talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, S. Ma, W. Luo, T. Cai, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Tunable microwave metasurfaces for high-performance operations: dispersion compensation and dynamical switch,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38255 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, X.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Y.

X. Lin, Y. Rivenson, N. T. Yardimci, M. Veli, Y. Luo, M. Jarrahi, and A. Ozcan, “All-optical machine learning using diffractive deep neural networks,” Science 361(6406), 1004–1008 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, H.

Y. Jing, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, J. F. Wang, M. C. Feng, S. Sui, T. S. Qiu, H. Ma, and S. B. Qu, “Fast coding method of metasurfaces based on 1D coding in orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(47), 475103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Zheng, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Y. Chen, and S. B. Qu, “Wideband, wide-angle coding phase gradient metasurfaces based on Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43543 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ma, H. F.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9605 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ma, Q.

R. Y. Wu, L. Zhang, L. Bao, L. Wu, Q. Ma, G. Bai, H. Wu, and T. Cui, “Digital metasurface with phase code and reflection–transmission amplitude code for flexible full space electromagnetic manipulations,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(8), 1801429 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, R. Y. Wu, G. D. Bai, H. T. Wu, Q. Ma, X. Q. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission‐reflection‐integrated multifunctional coding metasurface for full‐space controls of electromagnetic waves,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(33), 1802205 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ma, S.

H. X. Xu, S. Sun, S. Tang, S. Ma, Q. He, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, H. P. Li, and L. Zhou, “Dynamical control on helicity of electromagnetic waves by tunable metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27503 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, S. Ma, W. Luo, T. Cai, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Tunable microwave metasurfaces for high-performance operations: dispersion compensation and dynamical switch,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38255 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, S. J.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ma, X.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mehmood, M. Q.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mei, S.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moccia, M.

M. Moccia, S. Liu, R. Y. Wu, G. Castaldi, A. Andreone, T. J. Cui, and V. Galdi, “Coding metasurfaces for diffuse scattering: scaling laws, bounds, and suboptimal design,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(19), 1700455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Mühlenbernd, H.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ni, X.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Noor, A.

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

O’Hara, J.

C. L. Holloway, E. F. Kuester, J. A. Gordon, J. O’Hara, J. Booth, and D. R. Smith, “An overview of the theory and applications of metasurfaces: the two-dimensional equivalents of metamaterials,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 54(2), 10–35 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ouyang, C.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozcan, A.

X. Lin, Y. Rivenson, N. T. Yardimci, M. Veli, Y. Luo, M. Jarrahi, and A. Ozcan, “All-optical machine learning using diffractive deep neural networks,” Science 361(6406), 1004–1008 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pang, Y. Q.

Q. Q. Zheng, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Y. Chen, and S. B. Qu, “Wideband, wide-angle coding phase gradient metasurfaces based on Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43543 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pu, M.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pun, E. Y. B.

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qi, M. Q.

X. Wan, M. Q. Qi, T. Y. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Field-programmable beam reconfiguring based on digitally-controlled coding metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20663 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qiu, C. W.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C. W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qiu, C.-W.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, T. S.

T. S. Qiu, X. Shi, J. F. Wang, Y. F. Li, S. B. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep Learning: A Rapid and Efficient Route to Automatic Metasurface Design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Jing, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, J. F. Wang, M. C. Feng, S. Sui, T. S. Qiu, H. Ma, and S. B. Qu, “Fast coding method of metasurfaces based on 1D coding in orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(47), 475103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Qu, S. B.

X. M. Fu, J. F. Wang, Y. Fan, J. Yang, Y. X. Jia, Y. F. Li, M. B. Yan, J. Q. Zhang, and S. B. Qu, “Lightweight Ultra-Wideband RCS Reduction Structure using Double-Layer Metasurfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(11), 115103 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. S. Qiu, X. Shi, J. F. Wang, Y. F. Li, S. B. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep Learning: A Rapid and Efficient Route to Automatic Metasurface Design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Jing, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, J. F. Wang, M. C. Feng, S. Sui, T. S. Qiu, H. Ma, and S. B. Qu, “Fast coding method of metasurfaces based on 1D coding in orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(47), 475103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Zheng, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Y. Chen, and S. B. Qu, “Wideband, wide-angle coding phase gradient metasurfaces based on Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43543 (2017).
[Crossref]

Reiten, M. T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rivenson, Y.

X. Lin, Y. Rivenson, N. T. Yardimci, M. Veli, Y. Luo, M. Jarrahi, and A. Ozcan, “All-optical machine learning using diffractive deep neural networks,” Science 361(6406), 1004–1008 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruan, H.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C. W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scully, M. O.

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shalaev, V. M.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, Y.

Q. Q. Zheng, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Y. Chen, and S. B. Qu, “Wideband, wide-angle coding phase gradient metasurfaces based on Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43543 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shi, X.

T. S. Qiu, X. Shi, J. F. Wang, Y. F. Li, S. B. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep Learning: A Rapid and Efficient Route to Automatic Metasurface Design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

Shuang, Y.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C. W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siew, S. Y.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

C. L. Holloway, E. F. Kuester, J. A. Gordon, J. O’Hara, J. Booth, and D. R. Smith, “An overview of the theory and applications of metasurfaces: the two-dimensional equivalents of metamaterials,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 54(2), 10–35 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sui, S.

T. S. Qiu, X. Shi, J. F. Wang, Y. F. Li, S. B. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep Learning: A Rapid and Efficient Route to Automatic Metasurface Design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Jing, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, J. F. Wang, M. C. Feng, S. Sui, T. S. Qiu, H. Ma, and S. B. Qu, “Fast coding method of metasurfaces based on 1D coding in orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(47), 475103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Zheng, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Y. Chen, and S. B. Qu, “Wideband, wide-angle coding phase gradient metasurfaces based on Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43543 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sun, G.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, S.

T. Cai, S. Tang, G. Wang, H. Xu, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Sun, S. Tang, S. Ma, Q. He, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, H. P. Li, and L. Zhou, “Dynamical control on helicity of electromagnetic waves by tunable metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27503 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, S. Ma, W. Luo, T. Cai, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Tunable microwave metasurfaces for high-performance operations: dispersion compensation and dynamical switch,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38255 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, Q.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tan, Q. F.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tang, S.

T. Cai, S. Tang, G. Wang, H. Xu, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross‐talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Sun, S. Tang, S. Ma, Q. He, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, H. P. Li, and L. Zhou, “Dynamical control on helicity of electromagnetic waves by tunable metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27503 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, S. Ma, W. Luo, T. Cai, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Tunable microwave metasurfaces for high-performance operations: dispersion compensation and dynamical switch,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38255 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, W. X.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teng, J.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tetienne, J. P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, Z.

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tsai, D. P.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veli, M.

X. Lin, Y. Rivenson, N. T. Yardimci, M. Veli, Y. Luo, M. Jarrahi, and A. Ozcan, “All-optical machine learning using diffractive deep neural networks,” Science 361(6406), 1004–1008 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wan, X.

L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. B. Li, L. L. Li, B. B. Xu, W. Wu, R. Y. Wu, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission-type 2-bit programmable metasurface for single-sensor and single-frequency microwave imaging,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wan, M. Q. Qi, T. Y. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Field-programmable beam reconfiguring based on digitally-controlled coding metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20663 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. M.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G.

T. Cai, S. Tang, G. Wang, H. Xu, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, G. M.

H. X. Xu, S. Sun, S. Tang, S. Ma, Q. He, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, H. P. Li, and L. Zhou, “Dynamical control on helicity of electromagnetic waves by tunable metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27503 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G. Z.

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9605 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J. F.

T. S. Qiu, X. Shi, J. F. Wang, Y. F. Li, S. B. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep Learning: A Rapid and Efficient Route to Automatic Metasurface Design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. M. Fu, J. F. Wang, Y. Fan, J. Yang, Y. X. Jia, Y. F. Li, M. B. Yan, J. Q. Zhang, and S. B. Qu, “Lightweight Ultra-Wideband RCS Reduction Structure using Double-Layer Metasurfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(11), 115103 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Jing, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, J. F. Wang, M. C. Feng, S. Sui, T. S. Qiu, H. Ma, and S. B. Qu, “Fast coding method of metasurfaces based on 1D coding in orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(47), 475103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Zheng, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Y. Chen, and S. B. Qu, “Wideband, wide-angle coding phase gradient metasurfaces based on Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43543 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, D. D.

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wen, Q. Y.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wong, P. W. H.

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

R. Y. Wu, L. Zhang, L. Bao, L. Wu, Q. Ma, G. Bai, H. Wu, and T. Cui, “Digital metasurface with phase code and reflection–transmission amplitude code for flexible full space electromagnetic manipulations,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(8), 1801429 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wu, H. T.

L. Zhang, R. Y. Wu, G. D. Bai, H. T. Wu, Q. Ma, X. Q. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission‐reflection‐integrated multifunctional coding metasurface for full‐space controls of electromagnetic waves,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(33), 1802205 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wu, L.

R. Y. Wu, L. Zhang, L. Bao, L. Wu, Q. Ma, G. Bai, H. Wu, and T. Cui, “Digital metasurface with phase code and reflection–transmission amplitude code for flexible full space electromagnetic manipulations,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(8), 1801429 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wu, P. H.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, R. Y.

R. Y. Wu, L. Zhang, L. Bao, L. Wu, Q. Ma, G. Bai, H. Wu, and T. Cui, “Digital metasurface with phase code and reflection–transmission amplitude code for flexible full space electromagnetic manipulations,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(8), 1801429 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, R. Y. Wu, G. D. Bai, H. T. Wu, Q. Ma, X. Q. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission‐reflection‐integrated multifunctional coding metasurface for full‐space controls of electromagnetic waves,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(33), 1802205 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Moccia, S. Liu, R. Y. Wu, G. Castaldi, A. Andreone, T. J. Cui, and V. Galdi, “Coding metasurfaces for diffuse scattering: scaling laws, bounds, and suboptimal design,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(19), 1700455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. B. Li, L. L. Li, B. B. Xu, W. Wu, R. Y. Wu, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission-type 2-bit programmable metasurface for single-sensor and single-frequency microwave imaging,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, W.

Y. B. Li, L. L. Li, B. B. Xu, W. Wu, R. Y. Wu, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission-type 2-bit programmable metasurface for single-sensor and single-frequency microwave imaging,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, B. B.

Y. B. Li, L. L. Li, B. B. Xu, W. Wu, R. Y. Wu, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission-type 2-bit programmable metasurface for single-sensor and single-frequency microwave imaging,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

T. Cai, S. Tang, G. Wang, H. Xu, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, H. X.

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross‐talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Sun, S. Tang, S. Ma, Q. He, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, H. P. Li, and L. Zhou, “Dynamical control on helicity of electromagnetic waves by tunable metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27503 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, S. Ma, W. Luo, T. Cai, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Tunable microwave metasurfaces for high-performance operations: dispersion compensation and dynamical switch,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38255 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Q.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yan, M. B.

X. M. Fu, J. F. Wang, Y. Fan, J. Yang, Y. X. Jia, Y. F. Li, M. B. Yan, J. Q. Zhang, and S. B. Qu, “Lightweight Ultra-Wideband RCS Reduction Structure using Double-Layer Metasurfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(11), 115103 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

X. M. Fu, J. F. Wang, Y. Fan, J. Yang, Y. X. Jia, Y. F. Li, M. B. Yan, J. Q. Zhang, and S. B. Qu, “Lightweight Ultra-Wideband RCS Reduction Structure using Double-Layer Metasurfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(11), 115103 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, K. Y.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Q. L.

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

J. T. Heiden, F. Ding, J. Linnet, Y. Yang, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap‐Surface Plasmon Metasurfaces for Broadband Circular‐to‐Linear Polarization Conversion and Vector Vortex Beam Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(9), 1801414 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yao, J. Q.

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yardimci, N. T.

X. Lin, Y. Rivenson, N. T. Yardimci, M. Veli, Y. Luo, M. Jarrahi, and A. Ozcan, “All-optical machine learning using diffractive deep neural networks,” Science 361(6406), 1004–1008 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, N.

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, N. F.

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yuan, H.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yue, F. Y.

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Y.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. Q.

X. M. Fu, J. F. Wang, Y. Fan, J. Yang, Y. X. Jia, Y. F. Li, M. B. Yan, J. Q. Zhang, and S. B. Qu, “Lightweight Ultra-Wideband RCS Reduction Structure using Double-Layer Metasurfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(11), 115103 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Jing, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, J. F. Wang, M. C. Feng, S. Sui, T. S. Qiu, H. Ma, and S. B. Qu, “Fast coding method of metasurfaces based on 1D coding in orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(47), 475103 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Q. Zheng, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Y. Chen, and S. B. Qu, “Wideband, wide-angle coding phase gradient metasurfaces based on Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43543 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

R. Y. Wu, L. Zhang, L. Bao, L. Wu, Q. Ma, G. Bai, H. Wu, and T. Cui, “Digital metasurface with phase code and reflection–transmission amplitude code for flexible full space electromagnetic manipulations,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(8), 1801429 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, R. Y. Wu, G. D. Bai, H. T. Wu, Q. Ma, X. Q. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission‐reflection‐integrated multifunctional coding metasurface for full‐space controls of electromagnetic waves,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(33), 1802205 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, S. Liu, L. Li, and T. J. Cui, “Spin-Controlled Multiple Pencil Beams and Vortex Beams with Different Polarizations Generated by Pancharatnam-Berry Coding Metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(41), 36447–36455 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, T.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W. L.

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Chen, L. Cui, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, T. Jiang, and B. Zhu, “Coding metasurface for broadband microwave scattering reduction with optical transparency,” Opt. Express 25(5), 5571–5579 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, Q. Q.

Q. Q. Zheng, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Y. Chen, and S. B. Qu, “Wideband, wide-angle coding phase gradient metasurfaces based on Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43543 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross‐talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, S. Tang, G. Wang, H. Xu, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Sun, S. Tang, S. Ma, Q. He, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, H. P. Li, and L. Zhou, “Dynamical control on helicity of electromagnetic waves by tunable metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27503 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, S. Ma, W. Luo, T. Cai, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Tunable microwave metasurfaces for high-performance operations: dispersion compensation and dynamical switch,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38255 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, X. Y.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, B.

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

L. Zhang, S. Liu, L. Li, and T. J. Cui, “Spin-Controlled Multiple Pencil Beams and Vortex Beams with Different Polarizations Generated by Pancharatnam-Berry Coding Metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(41), 36447–36455 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

L. Zhang, R. Y. Wu, G. D. Bai, H. T. Wu, Q. Ma, X. Q. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission‐reflection‐integrated multifunctional coding metasurface for full‐space controls of electromagnetic waves,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 28(33), 1802205 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. B. Li, B. G. Cai, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Isotropic Holographic Metasurfaces for Dual-Functional Radiations without Mutual Interferences,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(1), 29–35 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C.-W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (6)

J. T. Heiden, F. Ding, J. Linnet, Y. Yang, J. Beermann, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap‐Surface Plasmon Metasurfaces for Broadband Circular‐to‐Linear Polarization Conversion and Vector Vortex Beam Generation,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(9), 1801414 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Moccia, S. Liu, R. Y. Wu, G. Castaldi, A. Andreone, T. J. Cui, and V. Galdi, “Coding metasurfaces for diffuse scattering: scaling laws, bounds, and suboptimal design,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(19), 1700455 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. Y. Wu, L. Zhang, L. Bao, L. Wu, Q. Ma, G. Bai, H. Wu, and T. Cui, “Digital metasurface with phase code and reflection–transmission amplitude code for flexible full space electromagnetic manipulations,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(8), 1801429 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, Y. Yang, A. Noor, Q. Zhang, S. Iqbal, X. Wan, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, Q. Cheng, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Frequency-dependent dual-functional coding metasurfaces at terahertz frequencies,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(12), 1965–1973 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. D. Wen, S. M. Chen, F. Y. Yue, K. L. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. X. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Z. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity-dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, S. Tang, G. Wang, H. Xu, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

Adv. Sci. (1)

T. S. Qiu, X. Shi, J. F. Wang, Y. F. Li, S. B. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. J. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep Learning: A Rapid and Efficient Route to Automatic Metasurface Design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ann. Phys. (1)

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross‐talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. Genevet, N. F. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scully, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. (1)

C. L. Holloway, E. F. Kuester, J. A. Gordon, J. O’Hara, J. Booth, and D. R. Smith, “An overview of the theory and applications of metasurfaces: the two-dimensional equivalents of metamaterials,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 54(2), 10–35 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (2)

Y. Jing, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, J. F. Wang, M. C. Feng, S. Sui, T. S. Qiu, H. Ma, and S. B. Qu, “Fast coding method of metasurfaces based on 1D coding in orthogonal directions,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 51(47), 475103 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. M. Fu, J. F. Wang, Y. Fan, J. Yang, Y. X. Jia, Y. F. Li, M. B. Yan, J. Q. Zhang, and S. B. Qu, “Lightweight Ultra-Wideband RCS Reduction Structure using Double-Layer Metasurfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 52(11), 115103 (2019).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (5)

L. H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S. J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H. B. Chen, Q. He, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, Q. Y. Wen, L. J. Liang, B. B. Jin, W. W. Liu, L. Zhou, J. Q. Yao, P. H. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Broadband diffusion of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(9), e324 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Cui, S. Liu, and L. L. Li, “Information entropy of coding metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(11), e16172 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (2)

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Out-of-plane reflection and refraction of light by anisotropic optical antenna metasurfaces with phase discontinuities,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1702–1706 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (3)

L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, H. Zhang, S. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, K. W. Cheah, C. W. Qiu, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical holography using a plasmonic metasurface,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2808 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, X. Q. Chen, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, J. Zhao, J. Y. Dai, G. D. Bai, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, G. Castaldi, V. Galdi, and T. J. Cui, “Space-time-coding digital metasurfaces,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 4334 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C. W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Sci. Adv. (1)

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (6)

X. Wan, M. Q. Qi, T. Y. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “Field-programmable beam reconfiguring based on digitally-controlled coding metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20663 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. B. Li, L. L. Li, B. B. Xu, W. Wu, R. Y. Wu, X. Wan, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Transmission-type 2-bit programmable metasurface for single-sensor and single-frequency microwave imaging,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23731 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, S. Ma, W. Luo, T. Cai, S. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “Tunable microwave metasurfaces for high-performance operations: dispersion compensation and dynamical switch,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 38255 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Q. Zheng, Y. F. Li, J. Q. Zhang, H. Ma, J. F. Wang, Y. Q. Pang, Y. J. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Y. Chen, and S. B. Qu, “Wideband, wide-angle coding phase gradient metasurfaces based on Pancharatnam-Berry phase,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 43543 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. F. Ma, G. Z. Wang, G. S. Kong, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of differently-polarized reflected waves by anisotropic metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9605 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. X. Xu, S. Sun, S. Tang, S. Ma, Q. He, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, H. P. Li, and L. Zhou, “Dynamical control on helicity of electromagnetic waves by tunable metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 27503 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (5)

X. Lin, Y. Rivenson, N. T. Yardimci, M. Veli, Y. Luo, M. Jarrahi, and A. Ozcan, “All-optical machine learning using diffractive deep neural networks,” Science 361(6406), 1004–1008 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Applied optics. Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The schematic of the proposed multifunctional CM. (a) The metasurface can achieve diffusion scattering for co-polarized reflection and beam focusing for cross-polarized transmission. (b) Beam splitting for co-polarized reflection and beam focusing for cross-polarized transmission can be achieved by changing the propagation direction of incident EM wave.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The schematic of the “Fabry-Pérot-like” cavity
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Geometrical parameters and the surface current distributions of the multilayer unit cell. (a) The overall structure of the unit cell. (b) The “I” shaped anisotropic structures at the bottom. (c) The middle “split ring” shaped. (d) The “I” shaped anisotropic structures at the top. (e), and (f) The surface currents of the unit cell illuminated by y-polarized and x-polarized wave propagating along -z direction, respectively. (g), and (h) The surface currents of the unit cell illuminated by x-polarized and y-polarized wave propagating along + z direction, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The reflection and transmission amplitudes and phase when changing l1. (a) The reflected amplitudes and phase of co-polarized wave (Ryy). (b) The transmitted amplitudes and phase of cross-polarized wave (Tyx).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The designed coding patterns and simulated results.(a) The optimized 2-bit random coding pattern for reflected mode under y-polarized wave toward the -z direction. (b) The 1-bit chessboard coding pattern for reflected mode under x-polarized wave toward + z direction. (c) The focused phase distribution for transmitted mode. (d) The 3D RCS pattern of the CM under y-polarized normally incident plane wave propagating along -z direction at 21 GHz. (e), and (g) The 3D RCS and 2D far-field patterns of the CM under x-polarized normally incident plane wave propagating along + z direction at 21 GHz. (f) Monostatic RCS of the metal plate and the CM with random coding and chessboard pattern.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The transmission amplitude and phase of the cross-polarized wave (Tyx) and the simulated distributions of electric fields at 16GHz. (a) The simulated transmission amplitude of the cross-polarized wave (Tyx). The inset depicts the function of the transmission amplitude with frequency (s = 2.5 mm). (b) The simulated transmission phase of the cross-polarized wave (Tyx). (c), and (e) The simulated Ey and |Ey| components of electric fields in yoz plane under x-polarized wave toward the -z direction. (d), and (f) The simulated Ex and |Ex| components of electric fields in yoz plane under y-polarized wave toward the + z direction.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The fabricated sample and measured results. (a)The photograph of the sample. (b) Measured specular reflectivities of the CM with chessboard and random coding patterns. (c), and (e) Measured Ey and |Ey| components of electric fields at 16 GHz in yoz plane under x-polarized wave toward the -z direction. (d), and (f) Measured Ex and |Ex| components of electric fields at 16 GHz in yoz plane under y-polarized wave toward the + z direction.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R f (m,n)=[ 0 0 0 r yy f (m,n) ],
T f (m,n)=[ 0 0 t yx f (m,n) 0 ],
R b (m,n)=[ r xx b (m,n) 0 0 0 ],
T b (m,n)=[ 0 t xy b (m,n) 0 0 ],
θ= sin -1 ( λ 1 H x 2 + 1 H y 2 ),
φ=± tan 1 D x D y ,φ=π± tan 1 D x D y ,
φ(x,y)= k 0 ( L 2 + x 2 + y 2 -L )+φ(0,0),

Metrics