Abstract

This paper presents a KGW Raman laser with an external-cavity configuration at the 2 µm region. The Raman laser is pumped by an actively Q-switched Tm:YLF laser, especially designed for this purpose emitting at 1880 nm. Due to the KGW bi-axial properties, the Raman laser is able to lase separately at two different output lines, 2197 nm and 2263 nm. The output energies and pulse durations that were achieved for these two lines are 0.15 mJ/pulse at 21 ns and 0.4 mJ/pulse at 5.4 ns, respectively. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that the KGW crystal, which is well known for its wide use in shorter wavelengths, is demonstrated in a Raman laser in the 2 µm region. According to the achieved results and due to the KGW properties, it appears to be a suitable crystal for energy scaling and efficient Raman conversion in this spectral range. An estimation of the Raman gain coefficient for this wavelength is provided as well.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

X. Duan, Y. Ding, B. Yao, and Y. Wang, “High power acousto-optical Q-switched Tm:YLF-pumped Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Optik (Stuttg.) 163, 39–42 (2018).
[Crossref]

U. Sheintop, E. Perez, D. Sebbag, P. Komm, G. Marcus, and S. Noach, “Actively Q-switched tunable narrow bandwidth milli-Joule level Tm:YLF laser,” Opt. Express 26(17), 22135–22143 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (3)

P. Cheng, J. Zhao, F. Xu, X. Zhou, and G. Wang, “Diode-pumped mid-infrared YVO4 Raman laser at 2418 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 5 (2017).

B. Cole and L. Goldberg, “Highly efficient passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser using a Cr:ZnS saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 42(12), 2259–2262 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Spence, “Spectral effects of stimulated Raman scattering in crystals,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 51, 1–45 (2017).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

2014 (2)

2013 (2)

J. Zhao, X. Zhang, X. Guo, X. Bao, L. Li, and J. Cui, “Diode-pumped actively Q-switched Tm, Ho:GdVO4/BaWO4 intracavity Raman laser at 2533 nm,” Opt. Lett. 38(8), 1206–1208 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Parrotta, A. Kemp, M. Dawson, and J. Hastie, “Multiwatt, Continuous-Wave, Tunable Diamond Raman Laser With Intracavity Frequency-Doubling to the Visible Region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1400108 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

J. Lin, H. M. Pask, A. J. Lee, and D. J. Spence, “Study of relaxation oscillations in continuous-wave intracavity Raman lasers,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11530–11536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, A. Gavrilov, M. Ershkov, L. Ivleva, V. Osiko, S. Smetanin, and A. Fedin, “Efficient conversion of Nd:YAG laser radiation to the eye-safe spectral region by stimulated Raman scattering in BaWO4 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 40(8), 710–715 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

A. Godard, “Infrared (2-12 µm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Phys. 8(10), 1100–1128 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, “Crystalline Raman Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 692–704 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, M. Doroshenko, V. Fedorov, V. Osiko, and S. Mirov, “Stimulated Raman scattering in mid IR spectral range 2.31–2.75–3.7 μm in BaWO4 crystal under 1.9 and 1.56 μm pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3(1), 17–20 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, P. Jia, C. Zhang, and B. Liu, “Numerical optimization of the extracavity Raman laser with barium nitrate crystal,” Opt. Commun. 267(2), 480–486 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

P. Cerný, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, “Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 28(2), 113–143 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

H. M. Pask, “The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27(1), 3–56 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

L. Batay, A. Kuzmin, A. Grabtchikov, V. Lisinetskii, V. Orlovich, A. Demidovich, A. Titov, V. Badikov, S. Sheina, V. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

I. V. Mochalov, “Laser and nonlinear properties of the potassium gadolinium tungstate laser crystal KGd(WO4)2:Nd3+-(KGW:Nd),” Opt. Eng. 36, 1660–1669 (1997).
[Crossref]

Badikov, V.

L. Batay, A. Kuzmin, A. Grabtchikov, V. Lisinetskii, V. Orlovich, A. Demidovich, A. Titov, V. Badikov, S. Sheina, V. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bao, X.

Basiev, T.

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, A. Gavrilov, M. Ershkov, L. Ivleva, V. Osiko, S. Smetanin, and A. Fedin, “Efficient conversion of Nd:YAG laser radiation to the eye-safe spectral region by stimulated Raman scattering in BaWO4 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 40(8), 710–715 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, M. Doroshenko, V. Fedorov, V. Osiko, and S. Mirov, “Stimulated Raman scattering in mid IR spectral range 2.31–2.75–3.7 μm in BaWO4 crystal under 1.9 and 1.56 μm pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3(1), 17–20 (2006).
[Crossref]

Basiev, T. T.

P. Cerný, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, “Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 28(2), 113–143 (2004).
[Crossref]

Basiev, T. T..

T. T.. Basiev and R. C. Powell, Handbook of Laser Technologies & Applications B1.7 (CRC Press, 2003), pp. 1–29.

Basieva, M.

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, A. Gavrilov, M. Ershkov, L. Ivleva, V. Osiko, S. Smetanin, and A. Fedin, “Efficient conversion of Nd:YAG laser radiation to the eye-safe spectral region by stimulated Raman scattering in BaWO4 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 40(8), 710–715 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, M. Doroshenko, V. Fedorov, V. Osiko, and S. Mirov, “Stimulated Raman scattering in mid IR spectral range 2.31–2.75–3.7 μm in BaWO4 crystal under 1.9 and 1.56 μm pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3(1), 17–20 (2006).
[Crossref]

Batay, L.

L. Batay, A. Kuzmin, A. Grabtchikov, V. Lisinetskii, V. Orlovich, A. Demidovich, A. Titov, V. Badikov, S. Sheina, V. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ben-Ami, U.

A. Korenfeld, D. Sebbag, U. Ben-Ami, E. Shalom, G. Marcus, and S. Noach, “High pulse energy passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped Tm:YLF laser by Cr:ZnSe,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045804 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Sebbag, A. Korenfeld, U. Ben-Ami, D. Elooz, E. Shalom, and S. Noach, “Diode end-pumped passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser with 1.85-mJ pulse energy,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1250–1253 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boiko, É.

Cerný, P.

P. Cerný, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, “Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 28(2), 113–143 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cheng, P.

P. Cheng, J. Zhao, F. Xu, X. Zhou, and G. Wang, “Diode-pumped mid-infrared YVO4 Raman laser at 2418 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 5 (2017).

Cole, B.

Cui, J.

X. Zhang, Y. Ding, Y. Qiao, G. Li, and J. Cui, “Diode-end-pumped efficient 2533 nm intracavity Raman laser with high peak power,” Opt. Commun. 355, 433–437 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, X. Zhang, X. Guo, X. Bao, L. Li, and J. Cui, “Diode-pumped actively Q-switched Tm, Ho:GdVO4/BaWO4 intracavity Raman laser at 2533 nm,” Opt. Lett. 38(8), 1206–1208 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dawson, M.

D. Parrotta, A. Kemp, M. Dawson, and J. Hastie, “Multiwatt, Continuous-Wave, Tunable Diamond Raman Laser With Intracavity Frequency-Doubling to the Visible Region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1400108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Demidovich, A.

L. Batay, A. Kuzmin, A. Grabtchikov, V. Lisinetskii, V. Orlovich, A. Demidovich, A. Titov, V. Badikov, S. Sheina, V. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ding, S.

S. Ding, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, P. Jia, C. Zhang, and B. Liu, “Numerical optimization of the extracavity Raman laser with barium nitrate crystal,” Opt. Commun. 267(2), 480–486 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ding, Y.

X. Duan, Y. Ding, B. Yao, and Y. Wang, “High power acousto-optical Q-switched Tm:YLF-pumped Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Optik (Stuttg.) 163, 39–42 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Zhang, Y. Ding, Y. Qiao, G. Li, and J. Cui, “Diode-end-pumped efficient 2533 nm intracavity Raman laser with high peak power,” Opt. Commun. 355, 433–437 (2015).
[Crossref]

Doroshenko, M.

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, M. Doroshenko, V. Fedorov, V. Osiko, and S. Mirov, “Stimulated Raman scattering in mid IR spectral range 2.31–2.75–3.7 μm in BaWO4 crystal under 1.9 and 1.56 μm pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3(1), 17–20 (2006).
[Crossref]

Duan, X.

X. Duan, Y. Ding, B. Yao, and Y. Wang, “High power acousto-optical Q-switched Tm:YLF-pumped Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Optik (Stuttg.) 163, 39–42 (2018).
[Crossref]

Elooz, D.

Ershkov, M.

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, A. Gavrilov, M. Ershkov, L. Ivleva, V. Osiko, S. Smetanin, and A. Fedin, “Efficient conversion of Nd:YAG laser radiation to the eye-safe spectral region by stimulated Raman scattering in BaWO4 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 40(8), 710–715 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fedin, A.

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, A. Gavrilov, M. Ershkov, L. Ivleva, V. Osiko, S. Smetanin, and A. Fedin, “Efficient conversion of Nd:YAG laser radiation to the eye-safe spectral region by stimulated Raman scattering in BaWO4 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 40(8), 710–715 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fedorov, V.

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, M. Doroshenko, V. Fedorov, V. Osiko, and S. Mirov, “Stimulated Raman scattering in mid IR spectral range 2.31–2.75–3.7 μm in BaWO4 crystal under 1.9 and 1.56 μm pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3(1), 17–20 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gavrilov, A.

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, A. Gavrilov, M. Ershkov, L. Ivleva, V. Osiko, S. Smetanin, and A. Fedin, “Efficient conversion of Nd:YAG laser radiation to the eye-safe spectral region by stimulated Raman scattering in BaWO4 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 40(8), 710–715 (2010).
[Crossref]

Godard, A.

A. Godard, “Infrared (2-12 µm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Phys. 8(10), 1100–1128 (2007).
[Crossref]

Goldberg, L.

Grabtchikov, A.

L. Batay, A. Kuzmin, A. Grabtchikov, V. Lisinetskii, V. Orlovich, A. Demidovich, A. Titov, V. Badikov, S. Sheina, V. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[Crossref]

Guo, X.

Hastie, J.

D. Parrotta, A. Kemp, M. Dawson, and J. Hastie, “Multiwatt, Continuous-Wave, Tunable Diamond Raman Laser With Intracavity Frequency-Doubling to the Visible Region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1400108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ivleva, L.

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, A. Gavrilov, M. Ershkov, L. Ivleva, V. Osiko, S. Smetanin, and A. Fedin, “Efficient conversion of Nd:YAG laser radiation to the eye-safe spectral region by stimulated Raman scattering in BaWO4 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 40(8), 710–715 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jelinkova, H.

P. Cerný, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, “Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 28(2), 113–143 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jia, P.

S. Ding, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, P. Jia, C. Zhang, and B. Liu, “Numerical optimization of the extracavity Raman laser with barium nitrate crystal,” Opt. Commun. 267(2), 480–486 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kadwani, P.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kalintsev, A.

Kemp, A.

D. Parrotta, A. Kemp, M. Dawson, and J. Hastie, “Multiwatt, Continuous-Wave, Tunable Diamond Raman Laser With Intracavity Frequency-Doubling to the Visible Region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1400108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Komm, P.

Korenfeld, A.

A. Korenfeld, D. Sebbag, U. Ben-Ami, E. Shalom, G. Marcus, and S. Noach, “High pulse energy passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped Tm:YLF laser by Cr:ZnSe,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045804 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Sebbag, A. Korenfeld, U. Ben-Ami, D. Elooz, E. Shalom, and S. Noach, “Diode end-pumped passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser with 1.85-mJ pulse energy,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1250–1253 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kornev, A.

Kück, S.

L. Batay, A. Kuzmin, A. Grabtchikov, V. Lisinetskii, V. Orlovich, A. Demidovich, A. Titov, V. Badikov, S. Sheina, V. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kuzmin, A.

L. Batay, A. Kuzmin, A. Grabtchikov, V. Lisinetskii, V. Orlovich, A. Demidovich, A. Titov, V. Badikov, S. Sheina, V. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kuzucu, O.

Lee, A. J.

Li, G.

X. Zhang, Y. Ding, Y. Qiao, G. Li, and J. Cui, “Diode-end-pumped efficient 2533 nm intracavity Raman laser with high peak power,” Opt. Commun. 355, 433–437 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

Li, Y.

Lin, J.

Lisinetskii, V.

L. Batay, A. Kuzmin, A. Grabtchikov, V. Lisinetskii, V. Orlovich, A. Demidovich, A. Titov, V. Badikov, S. Sheina, V. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[Crossref]

Liu, B.

S. Ding, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, P. Jia, C. Zhang, and B. Liu, “Numerical optimization of the extracavity Raman laser with barium nitrate crystal,” Opt. Commun. 267(2), 480–486 (2006).
[Crossref]

Marcus, G.

U. Sheintop, E. Perez, D. Sebbag, P. Komm, G. Marcus, and S. Noach, “Actively Q-switched tunable narrow bandwidth milli-Joule level Tm:YLF laser,” Opt. Express 26(17), 22135–22143 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Korenfeld, D. Sebbag, U. Ben-Ami, E. Shalom, G. Marcus, and S. Noach, “High pulse energy passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped Tm:YLF laser by Cr:ZnSe,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045804 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mildren, R. P.

Mingareev, I.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mirov, S.

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, M. Doroshenko, V. Fedorov, V. Osiko, and S. Mirov, “Stimulated Raman scattering in mid IR spectral range 2.31–2.75–3.7 μm in BaWO4 crystal under 1.9 and 1.56 μm pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3(1), 17–20 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mochalov, I. V.

I. V. Mochalov, “Laser and nonlinear properties of the potassium gadolinium tungstate laser crystal KGd(WO4)2:Nd3+-(KGW:Nd),” Opt. Eng. 36, 1660–1669 (1997).
[Crossref]

Mond, M.

L. Batay, A. Kuzmin, A. Grabtchikov, V. Lisinetskii, V. Orlovich, A. Demidovich, A. Titov, V. Badikov, S. Sheina, V. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[Crossref]

Narivonchik, A.

Noach, S.

Olowinsky, A.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Orlovich, V.

L. Batay, A. Kuzmin, A. Grabtchikov, V. Lisinetskii, V. Orlovich, A. Demidovich, A. Titov, V. Badikov, S. Sheina, V. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[Crossref]

Osiko, V.

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, A. Gavrilov, M. Ershkov, L. Ivleva, V. Osiko, S. Smetanin, and A. Fedin, “Efficient conversion of Nd:YAG laser radiation to the eye-safe spectral region by stimulated Raman scattering in BaWO4 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 40(8), 710–715 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, M. Doroshenko, V. Fedorov, V. Osiko, and S. Mirov, “Stimulated Raman scattering in mid IR spectral range 2.31–2.75–3.7 μm in BaWO4 crystal under 1.9 and 1.56 μm pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3(1), 17–20 (2006).
[Crossref]

Panyutin, V.

L. Batay, A. Kuzmin, A. Grabtchikov, V. Lisinetskii, V. Orlovich, A. Demidovich, A. Titov, V. Badikov, S. Sheina, V. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[Crossref]

Parrotta, D.

D. Parrotta, A. Kemp, M. Dawson, and J. Hastie, “Multiwatt, Continuous-Wave, Tunable Diamond Raman Laser With Intracavity Frequency-Doubling to the Visible Region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1400108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pask, H. M.

J. Lin, H. M. Pask, A. J. Lee, and D. J. Spence, “Study of relaxation oscillations in continuous-wave intracavity Raman lasers,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11530–11536 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, “Crystalline Raman Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 692–704 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. M. Pask, “The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27(1), 3–56 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pavlova, A.

Perez, E.

Piper, J. A.

Powell, R. C.

T. T.. Basiev and R. C. Powell, Handbook of Laser Technologies & Applications B1.7 (CRC Press, 2003), pp. 1–29.

Qiao, Y.

X. Zhang, Y. Ding, Y. Qiao, G. Li, and J. Cui, “Diode-end-pumped efficient 2533 nm intracavity Raman laser with high peak power,” Opt. Commun. 355, 433–437 (2015).
[Crossref]

Richardson, M.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sabella, A.

Savitski, V. G.

Sebbag, D.

Serebryakov, V.

Shah, L.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shalom, E.

A. Korenfeld, D. Sebbag, U. Ben-Ami, E. Shalom, G. Marcus, and S. Noach, “High pulse energy passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped Tm:YLF laser by Cr:ZnSe,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045804 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Sebbag, A. Korenfeld, U. Ben-Ami, D. Elooz, E. Shalom, and S. Noach, “Diode end-pumped passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser with 1.85-mJ pulse energy,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1250–1253 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheina, S.

L. Batay, A. Kuzmin, A. Grabtchikov, V. Lisinetskii, V. Orlovich, A. Demidovich, A. Titov, V. Badikov, S. Sheina, V. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sheintop, U.

Smetanin, S.

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, A. Gavrilov, M. Ershkov, L. Ivleva, V. Osiko, S. Smetanin, and A. Fedin, “Efficient conversion of Nd:YAG laser radiation to the eye-safe spectral region by stimulated Raman scattering in BaWO4 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 40(8), 710–715 (2010).
[Crossref]

Spence, D.

D. Spence, “Spectral effects of stimulated Raman scattering in crystals,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 51, 1–45 (2017).
[Crossref]

Spence, D. J.

Titov, A.

L. Batay, A. Kuzmin, A. Grabtchikov, V. Lisinetskii, V. Orlovich, A. Demidovich, A. Titov, V. Badikov, S. Sheina, V. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

P. Cheng, J. Zhao, F. Xu, X. Zhou, and G. Wang, “Diode-pumped mid-infrared YVO4 Raman laser at 2418 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 5 (2017).

Wang, Q.

S. Ding, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, P. Jia, C. Zhang, and B. Liu, “Numerical optimization of the extracavity Raman laser with barium nitrate crystal,” Opt. Commun. 267(2), 480–486 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

X. Duan, Y. Ding, B. Yao, and Y. Wang, “High power acousto-optical Q-switched Tm:YLF-pumped Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Optik (Stuttg.) 163, 39–42 (2018).
[Crossref]

Weirauch, F.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, F.

P. Cheng, J. Zhao, F. Xu, X. Zhou, and G. Wang, “Diode-pumped mid-infrared YVO4 Raman laser at 2418 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 5 (2017).

Yao, B.

X. Duan, Y. Ding, B. Yao, and Y. Wang, “High power acousto-optical Q-switched Tm:YLF-pumped Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Optik (Stuttg.) 163, 39–42 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zaitsev, A.

A. Zaitsev, Optical Properties of Diamond (Springer, 2010), pp. 23–27.

Zhang, C.

S. Ding, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, P. Jia, C. Zhang, and B. Liu, “Numerical optimization of the extracavity Raman laser with barium nitrate crystal,” Opt. Commun. 267(2), 480–486 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, X.

J. Zhao, Y. Li, S. Zhang, L. Li, and X. Zhang, “Diode-pumped actively Q-switched Tm:YAP/BaWO(4) intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Express 23(8), 10075–10080 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Y. Ding, Y. Qiao, G. Li, and J. Cui, “Diode-end-pumped efficient 2533 nm intracavity Raman laser with high peak power,” Opt. Commun. 355, 433–437 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, X. Zhang, X. Guo, X. Bao, L. Li, and J. Cui, “Diode-pumped actively Q-switched Tm, Ho:GdVO4/BaWO4 intracavity Raman laser at 2533 nm,” Opt. Lett. 38(8), 1206–1208 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ding, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, P. Jia, C. Zhang, and B. Liu, “Numerical optimization of the extracavity Raman laser with barium nitrate crystal,” Opt. Commun. 267(2), 480–486 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

Zhou, X.

P. Cheng, J. Zhao, F. Xu, X. Zhou, and G. Wang, “Diode-pumped mid-infrared YVO4 Raman laser at 2418 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 5 (2017).

Zverev, P. G.

P. Cerný, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, “Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 28(2), 113–143 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

P. Cheng, J. Zhao, F. Xu, X. Zhou, and G. Wang, “Diode-pumped mid-infrared YVO4 Raman laser at 2418 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 124, 5 (2017).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Batay, A. Kuzmin, A. Grabtchikov, V. Lisinetskii, V. Orlovich, A. Demidovich, A. Titov, V. Badikov, S. Sheina, V. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. R. Phys. (1)

A. Godard, “Infrared (2-12 µm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Phys. 8(10), 1100–1128 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. A. Piper and H. M. Pask, “Crystalline Raman Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 692–704 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Parrotta, A. Kemp, M. Dawson, and J. Hastie, “Multiwatt, Continuous-Wave, Tunable Diamond Raman Laser With Intracavity Frequency-Doubling to the Visible Region,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1400108 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Technol. (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, M. Doroshenko, V. Fedorov, V. Osiko, and S. Mirov, “Stimulated Raman scattering in mid IR spectral range 2.31–2.75–3.7 μm in BaWO4 crystal under 1.9 and 1.56 μm pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3(1), 17–20 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Korenfeld, D. Sebbag, U. Ben-Ami, E. Shalom, G. Marcus, and S. Noach, “High pulse energy passive Q-switching of a diode-pumped Tm:YLF laser by Cr:ZnSe,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(4), 045804 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

X. Zhang, Y. Ding, Y. Qiao, G. Li, and J. Cui, “Diode-end-pumped efficient 2533 nm intracavity Raman laser with high peak power,” Opt. Commun. 355, 433–437 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Ding, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, P. Jia, C. Zhang, and B. Liu, “Numerical optimization of the extracavity Raman laser with barium nitrate crystal,” Opt. Commun. 267(2), 480–486 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

I. V. Mochalov, “Laser and nonlinear properties of the potassium gadolinium tungstate laser crystal KGd(WO4)2:Nd3+-(KGW:Nd),” Opt. Eng. 36, 1660–1669 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Optik (Stuttg.) (1)

X. Duan, Y. Ding, B. Yao, and Y. Wang, “High power acousto-optical Q-switched Tm:YLF-pumped Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Optik (Stuttg.) 163, 39–42 (2018).
[Crossref]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (3)

P. Cerný, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, “Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 28(2), 113–143 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. M. Pask, “The design and operation of solid-state Raman lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27(1), 3–56 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Spence, “Spectral effects of stimulated Raman scattering in crystals,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 51, 1–45 (2017).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Basiev, M. Basieva, A. Gavrilov, M. Ershkov, L. Ivleva, V. Osiko, S. Smetanin, and A. Fedin, “Efficient conversion of Nd:YAG laser radiation to the eye-safe spectral region by stimulated Raman scattering in BaWO4 crystal,” Quantum Electron. 40(8), 710–715 (2010).
[Crossref]

Other (6)

U. Sheintop, D. Sebbag, and S. Noach, “Diode End Pump External KGW/ Tm:YLF Raman Laser,” Advanced Solid State Laser Congress 2018 (ASSL) (Optical Society of America, 2018).
[Crossref]

A. Zaitsev, Optical Properties of Diamond (Springer, 2010), pp. 23–27.

http://eksmaoptics.com/nonlinear-and-laser-crystals/crystals-for-stimulated-raman-scattering/barium-and-strontium-tungstate-molybdate-crystals-for-raman-shift/

T. T.. Basiev and R. C. Powell, Handbook of Laser Technologies & Applications B1.7 (CRC Press, 2003), pp. 1–29.

I. Sorokina and K. Vodopyanov, Solid-State Mid-Infrared Laser Sources (Springer, 2003).

K. Scholle, P. Fuhrberg, P. Koopmann, and S. Lamrini, 2 µm Laser Sources and Their Possible Applications (INTECH Open Access Publisher, 2010).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of external KGW Raman laser and its Tm:YLF fundamental pump laser
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Spectra of 768 cm−1 at 2197 nm and 901cm−1 at 2263 nm with fundamental wavelength at 1880 nm
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Output energy of the Raman laser vs. fundamental laser energy
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Peak-power of the Raman laser vs. fundamental laser energy
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Pulse duration of the 2197 nm line (left), and 2263 nm line (right)
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 M2 measurement and beam profile for 2197 nm line (left), and 2263 nm line (right)
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Simulation of the pulse duration for negligible (left) and 90% (right) mirror reflectivity at the 2nd Stokes

Equations (1)

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N eff ~ ( L r τ 0 c + 1 25 ln( 1 R ) ) 1

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