Abstract

Under nanosecond pulse irradiation, laser-induced damage of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate (KDP) crystal is a multi-physical coupling process which mainly includes energy absorption by precursor defects, temperature and pressure rise in the absorption center, and subsequent micro-explosion event. Till now, related research work mainly focuses on modeling the energy absorption stage and determining the temperature or pressure in the absorption center, but knowledge about the explosion stage is rather limited. In this paper, laser-induced damage of KDP crystal has been investigated through explosion simulation. According to the laser damage test results and morphologies of the damage craters, typical precursor defects inducing KDP surface damage have been determined. Based on the knowledge, equivalent explosion simulation models of the laser damage process have been established to reproduce damage crater formation and shockwave propagation. Finally, laser damage experiments, combined with time resolved techniques, have been utilized to investigate the variation of damage crater size and shockwave speed with laser fluences. Simulation results given by single core explosion models agree well with the experimental results at fluences lower than 60 J/cm2, while a multicore explosion model is needed to reliably simulate damage crater formation at higher fluences.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  1. K. Wang, C. Fang, J. Zhang, X. Sun, S. Wang, Q. Gu, X. Zhao, and B. Wang, “Laser-induced damage mechanisms and improvement of optical qualities of bulk potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 287(2), 478–482 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  2. I. Pritula, A. Kosinova, M. Kolybayeva, V. Puzikov, S. Bondarenko, V. Tkachenko, V. Tsurikov, and O. Fesenko, “Optical, structural and micro hardness properties of KDP crystals grown from urea-doped solutions,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(10), 2778–2789 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  3. C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “A summary of recent damage-initiation experiments on KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911Q (2005).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Cheng, M. Chen, K. Kafka, D. Austin, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and E. Chowdhury, “Determination of ultra-short laser induced damage threshold of KH2PO4 crystal: Numerical calculation and experimental verification,” AIP Adv. 6(3), 035221 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  5. P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage performance in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 6103, 610305 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. Chandran, R. Paulraj, and P. Ramasamy, “Influence of amaranth dye on the growth and properties of KDP single crystal,” Mater. Res. Bull. 68, 210–215 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, X. Xie, G. Hu, L. Yang, Z. Xu, and J. Shao, “Laser damage dependence on the size and concentration of precursor defects in KDP crystals: view through differently sized filter pores,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1534–1537 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. J. Cheng, M. Chen, W. Liao, H. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and M. Li, “Influence of surface cracks on laser-induced damage resistance of brittle KH2PO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28740–28755 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. D. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, J. Wang, and Q. Xu, “Laser induced damage due to scratches in the surface of nonlinear optical crystals KH2PO4 (KDP),” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 13(1), 33 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Runkel and A. K. Burnham, “Differences in bulk damage probability distributions between tripler and z-cuts of KDP and DKDP at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 408–419 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Shao, X. Liu, H. He, and Z. Fan, “Laser conditioning process combining N/1 and S/1 programs to improve the damage resistance of KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75041L (2009).
    [Crossref]
  13. D. C. Guo, X. D. Jiang, J. Huang, H. Liu, and X. Zu, “Effect of UV laser conditioning on the structure of KDP crystal,” Adv. Condens. Matter Phys. 7, 238–244 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. Y. Tian, W. Han, H. B. Cao, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, J. P. Zhao, K. X. Zheng, Q. H. Zhu, and W. G. Zheng, “Characteristics of laser-induced surface damage on large-aperture KDP crystals at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 27801 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Wang, J. Wang, Q. Xu, X. Lei, Z. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Influences of surface defects on the laser-induced damage performances of KDP crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(10), 2638–2646 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. L. Hrubesh, J. Adams, M. Feit, W. Sell, J. Stanley, E. Miller, S. Thompson, P. Whitman, and R. Hackel, “Surface damage growth mitigation on KDP/DKDP optics using single crystal diamond micro-machining,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030Q (2007).
  17. C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, and P. Demange, “Temperature activated absorption during laser-induced damage: The evolution of laser-supported solid state absorption fronts,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 78420N (2010).
    [Crossref]
  18. A. A. Manenkov, “Fundamental mechanisms of laser-induced damage in optical materials: today’s state of understanding and problems,” Opt. Eng. 53(1), 010901 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  19. S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Laser-induced damage of KDP crystals by 1ω nanosecond pulses: influence of crystal orientation,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21652–21665 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. D. Hébert, L. Hallo, L. Voisin, T. Desanlis, A. Galtié, B. Bicrel, C. Maunier, P. Mercier, and G. Duchateau, “A KDP equation of state for laser-induced damage applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(12), 123527 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  21. S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Material response during nanosecond laser induced breakdown inside of the exit surface of fused silica,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 444–452 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  22. M. D. Feit, P. P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and S. G. Demos, “Does complex absorption behavior leading to conditioning and damage in KDP/DKDP reflect the electronic structure of initiators?” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672005 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  23. S. G. Demos, P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, and M. D. Feit, “Investigation of the electronic and physical properties of defect structures responsible for laser-induced damage in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13788–13804 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Transient material properties during defect-assisted laser breakdown in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103506 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  25. G. Duchateau and A. Dyan, “Coupling statistics and heat transfer to study laser-induced crystal damage by nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4557–4576 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. G. Duchateau, “Simple models for laser-induced damage and conditioning of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10434–10456 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. Z. M. Liao, M. L. Spaeth, K. Manes, J. J. Adams, and C. W. Carr, “Predicting laser-induced bulk damage and conditioning for deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals using an absorption distribution model,” Opt. Lett. 35(15), 2538–2540 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, M. Staggs, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Time-resolved spectroscopic investigation of emission observed during damage in the bulk of fused silica and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 360–367 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  29. R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  30. H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  31. S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Comparison of material response in fused silica and KDP following exit surface laser-induced breakdown,” Proc. SPIE 8885(12), 88850W (2013).
  32. C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(8), 087401 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. W. J. Zong, Z. Q. Li, L. Zhang, Y. C. Liang, T. Sun, C. H. An, J. F. Zhang, L. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Finite element simulation of diamond tool geometries affecting the 3D surface topography in fly cutting of KDP crystals,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 68(9-12), 1927–1936 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  34. C. H. An, Y. Zhang, Q. Xu, F. H. Zhang, J. F. Zhang, L. J. Zhang, and J. H. Wang, “Modeling of dynamic characteristic of the aerostatic bearing spindle in an ultra-precision fly cutting machine,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 50(4), 374–385 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  35. G. Tie, Y. Dai, C. Guan, D. Zhu, and B. Song, “Research on full-aperture ductile cutting of KDP crystals using spiral turning technique,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 213(12), 2137–2144 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  36. S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “An experimental and theoretical investigation on the brittle ductile transition and cutting force anisotropy in cutting KDP crystal,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 106, 98–108 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  37. C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2-x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  38. C. K. Guin, M. D. Katrich, A. I. Savinkov, and M. P. Shaskolskaya, “Plastic strain and dislocation structure of the KDP group crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 15(4), 479–488 (1980).
  39. T. Fang and J. C. Lambropoulos, “Microhardness and indentation fracture of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate (KDP),” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(1), 174–178 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  40. S. O. Kucheyev, W. J. Siekhaus, T. A. Land, and S. G. Demos, “Mechanical response of KD2xH2(1-x)PO4 crystals during nanoindentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(13), 2274–2276 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  41. S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “Simulation research on the anisotropic cutting mechanism of KDP crystal using a new constitutive model,” J. Mach. Sci. Technol. 21(2), 202–222 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  42. G. Duchateau, D. Hébert, and L. Hallo, “Modeling of laser-induced damage in KDP crystals by nanosecond pulses: a preliminary hydrodynamic study,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 78420S (2010).
  43. M. Wang, H. Deng, and Q. Qian, “Study on problems of near cavity of penetration and explosion in rock,” Chin. J. Rock Mech. Eng. 24(16), 2859–2863 (2005).

2018 (1)

2017 (2)

S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “Simulation research on the anisotropic cutting mechanism of KDP crystal using a new constitutive model,” J. Mach. Sci. Technol. 21(2), 202–222 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, J. Wang, and Q. Xu, “Laser induced damage due to scratches in the surface of nonlinear optical crystals KH2PO4 (KDP),” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 13(1), 33 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “An experimental and theoretical investigation on the brittle ductile transition and cutting force anisotropy in cutting KDP crystal,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 106, 98–108 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Cheng, M. Chen, K. Kafka, D. Austin, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and E. Chowdhury, “Determination of ultra-short laser induced damage threshold of KH2PO4 crystal: Numerical calculation and experimental verification,” AIP Adv. 6(3), 035221 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, X. Xie, G. Hu, L. Yang, Z. Xu, and J. Shao, “Laser damage dependence on the size and concentration of precursor defects in KDP crystals: view through differently sized filter pores,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1534–1537 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

S. Chandran, R. Paulraj, and P. Ramasamy, “Influence of amaranth dye on the growth and properties of KDP single crystal,” Mater. Res. Bull. 68, 210–215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Tian, W. Han, H. B. Cao, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, J. P. Zhao, K. X. Zheng, Q. H. Zhu, and W. G. Zheng, “Characteristics of laser-induced surface damage on large-aperture KDP crystals at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 27801 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

A. A. Manenkov, “Fundamental mechanisms of laser-induced damage in optical materials: today’s state of understanding and problems,” Opt. Eng. 53(1), 010901 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. C. Guo, X. D. Jiang, J. Huang, H. Liu, and X. Zu, “Effect of UV laser conditioning on the structure of KDP crystal,” Adv. Condens. Matter Phys. 7, 238–244 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Transient material properties during defect-assisted laser breakdown in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103506 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Cheng, M. Chen, W. Liao, H. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and M. Li, “Influence of surface cracks on laser-induced damage resistance of brittle KH2PO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28740–28755 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

G. Tie, Y. Dai, C. Guan, D. Zhu, and B. Song, “Research on full-aperture ductile cutting of KDP crystals using spiral turning technique,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 213(12), 2137–2144 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Comparison of material response in fused silica and KDP following exit surface laser-induced breakdown,” Proc. SPIE 8885(12), 88850W (2013).

W. J. Zong, Z. Q. Li, L. Zhang, Y. C. Liang, T. Sun, C. H. An, J. F. Zhang, L. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Finite element simulation of diamond tool geometries affecting the 3D surface topography in fly cutting of KDP crystals,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 68(9-12), 1927–1936 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Material response during nanosecond laser induced breakdown inside of the exit surface of fused silica,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 444–452 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

D. Hébert, L. Hallo, L. Voisin, T. Desanlis, A. Galtié, B. Bicrel, C. Maunier, P. Mercier, and G. Duchateau, “A KDP equation of state for laser-induced damage applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(12), 123527 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

C. H. An, Y. Zhang, Q. Xu, F. H. Zhang, J. F. Zhang, L. J. Zhang, and J. H. Wang, “Modeling of dynamic characteristic of the aerostatic bearing spindle in an ultra-precision fly cutting machine,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 50(4), 374–385 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, and P. Demange, “Temperature activated absorption during laser-induced damage: The evolution of laser-supported solid state absorption fronts,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 78420N (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Duchateau, D. Hébert, and L. Hallo, “Modeling of laser-induced damage in KDP crystals by nanosecond pulses: a preliminary hydrodynamic study,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 78420S (2010).

S. G. Demos, P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, and M. D. Feit, “Investigation of the electronic and physical properties of defect structures responsible for laser-induced damage in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13788–13804 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. M. Liao, M. L. Spaeth, K. Manes, J. J. Adams, and C. W. Carr, “Predicting laser-induced bulk damage and conditioning for deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals using an absorption distribution model,” Opt. Lett. 35(15), 2538–2540 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

I. Pritula, A. Kosinova, M. Kolybayeva, V. Puzikov, S. Bondarenko, V. Tkachenko, V. Tsurikov, and O. Fesenko, “Optical, structural and micro hardness properties of KDP crystals grown from urea-doped solutions,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(10), 2778–2789 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

L. Hrubesh, J. Adams, M. Feit, W. Sell, J. Stanley, E. Miller, S. Thompson, P. Whitman, and R. Hackel, “Surface damage growth mitigation on KDP/DKDP optics using single crystal diamond micro-machining,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030Q (2007).

M. D. Feit, P. P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and S. G. Demos, “Does complex absorption behavior leading to conditioning and damage in KDP/DKDP reflect the electronic structure of initiators?” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672005 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Duchateau and A. Dyan, “Coupling statistics and heat transfer to study laser-induced crystal damage by nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4557–4576 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage performance in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 6103, 610305 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, C. Fang, J. Zhang, X. Sun, S. Wang, Q. Gu, X. Zhao, and B. Wang, “Laser-induced damage mechanisms and improvement of optical qualities of bulk potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 287(2), 478–482 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2-x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

M. Wang, H. Deng, and Q. Qian, “Study on problems of near cavity of penetration and explosion in rock,” Chin. J. Rock Mech. Eng. 24(16), 2859–2863 (2005).

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “A summary of recent damage-initiation experiments on KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911Q (2005).
[Crossref]

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

S. O. Kucheyev, W. J. Siekhaus, T. A. Land, and S. G. Demos, “Mechanical response of KD2xH2(1-x)PO4 crystals during nanoindentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(13), 2274–2276 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(8), 087401 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

T. Fang and J. C. Lambropoulos, “Microhardness and indentation fracture of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate (KDP),” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(1), 174–178 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, M. Staggs, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Time-resolved spectroscopic investigation of emission observed during damage in the bulk of fused silica and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 360–367 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

M. Runkel and A. K. Burnham, “Differences in bulk damage probability distributions between tripler and z-cuts of KDP and DKDP at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 408–419 (2001).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

C. K. Guin, M. D. Katrich, A. I. Savinkov, and M. P. Shaskolskaya, “Plastic strain and dislocation structure of the KDP group crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 15(4), 479–488 (1980).

Adams, J.

L. Hrubesh, J. Adams, M. Feit, W. Sell, J. Stanley, E. Miller, S. Thompson, P. Whitman, and R. Hackel, “Surface damage growth mitigation on KDP/DKDP optics using single crystal diamond micro-machining,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030Q (2007).

Adams, J. J.

An, C.

S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “Simulation research on the anisotropic cutting mechanism of KDP crystal using a new constitutive model,” J. Mach. Sci. Technol. 21(2), 202–222 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “An experimental and theoretical investigation on the brittle ductile transition and cutting force anisotropy in cutting KDP crystal,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 106, 98–108 (2016).
[Crossref]

An, C. H.

W. J. Zong, Z. Q. Li, L. Zhang, Y. C. Liang, T. Sun, C. H. An, J. F. Zhang, L. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Finite element simulation of diamond tool geometries affecting the 3D surface topography in fly cutting of KDP crystals,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 68(9-12), 1927–1936 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. H. An, Y. Zhang, Q. Xu, F. H. Zhang, J. F. Zhang, L. J. Zhang, and J. H. Wang, “Modeling of dynamic characteristic of the aerostatic bearing spindle in an ultra-precision fly cutting machine,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 50(4), 374–385 (2010).
[Crossref]

Austin, D.

J. Cheng, M. Chen, K. Kafka, D. Austin, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and E. Chowdhury, “Determination of ultra-short laser induced damage threshold of KH2PO4 crystal: Numerical calculation and experimental verification,” AIP Adv. 6(3), 035221 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bicrel, B.

D. Hébert, L. Hallo, L. Voisin, T. Desanlis, A. Galtié, B. Bicrel, C. Maunier, P. Mercier, and G. Duchateau, “A KDP equation of state for laser-induced damage applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(12), 123527 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bondarenko, S.

I. Pritula, A. Kosinova, M. Kolybayeva, V. Puzikov, S. Bondarenko, V. Tkachenko, V. Tsurikov, and O. Fesenko, “Optical, structural and micro hardness properties of KDP crystals grown from urea-doped solutions,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(10), 2778–2789 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bostedt, C.

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bude, J. D.

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, and P. Demange, “Temperature activated absorption during laser-induced damage: The evolution of laser-supported solid state absorption fronts,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 78420N (2010).
[Crossref]

Burnham, A. K.

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Runkel and A. K. Burnham, “Differences in bulk damage probability distributions between tripler and z-cuts of KDP and DKDP at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 408–419 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cao, H. B.

Y. Tian, W. Han, H. B. Cao, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, J. P. Zhao, K. X. Zheng, Q. H. Zhu, and W. G. Zheng, “Characteristics of laser-induced surface damage on large-aperture KDP crystals at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 27801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Carr, C. W.

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, and P. Demange, “Temperature activated absorption during laser-induced damage: The evolution of laser-supported solid state absorption fronts,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 78420N (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. M. Liao, M. L. Spaeth, K. Manes, J. J. Adams, and C. W. Carr, “Predicting laser-induced bulk damage and conditioning for deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals using an absorption distribution model,” Opt. Lett. 35(15), 2538–2540 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2-x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “A summary of recent damage-initiation experiments on KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911Q (2005).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(8), 087401 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, M. Staggs, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Time-resolved spectroscopic investigation of emission observed during damage in the bulk of fused silica and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 360–367 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chandran, S.

S. Chandran, R. Paulraj, and P. Ramasamy, “Influence of amaranth dye on the growth and properties of KDP single crystal,” Mater. Res. Bull. 68, 210–215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

J. Cheng, M. Chen, K. Kafka, D. Austin, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and E. Chowdhury, “Determination of ultra-short laser induced damage threshold of KH2PO4 crystal: Numerical calculation and experimental verification,” AIP Adv. 6(3), 035221 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Cheng, M. Chen, W. Liao, H. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and M. Li, “Influence of surface cracks on laser-induced damage resistance of brittle KH2PO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28740–28755 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, J.

J. Cheng, M. Chen, K. Kafka, D. Austin, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and E. Chowdhury, “Determination of ultra-short laser induced damage threshold of KH2PO4 crystal: Numerical calculation and experimental verification,” AIP Adv. 6(3), 035221 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Cheng, M. Chen, W. Liao, H. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and M. Li, “Influence of surface cracks on laser-induced damage resistance of brittle KH2PO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28740–28755 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chowdhury, E.

J. Cheng, M. Chen, K. Kafka, D. Austin, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and E. Chowdhury, “Determination of ultra-short laser induced damage threshold of KH2PO4 crystal: Numerical calculation and experimental verification,” AIP Adv. 6(3), 035221 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dai, Y.

G. Tie, Y. Dai, C. Guan, D. Zhu, and B. Song, “Research on full-aperture ductile cutting of KDP crystals using spiral turning technique,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 213(12), 2137–2144 (2013).
[Crossref]

Demange, P.

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, and P. Demange, “Temperature activated absorption during laser-induced damage: The evolution of laser-supported solid state absorption fronts,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 78420N (2010).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, and M. D. Feit, “Investigation of the electronic and physical properties of defect structures responsible for laser-induced damage in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13788–13804 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage performance in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 6103, 610305 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

DeMange, P. P.

M. D. Feit, P. P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and S. G. Demos, “Does complex absorption behavior leading to conditioning and damage in KDP/DKDP reflect the electronic structure of initiators?” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672005 (2007).
[Crossref]

Demos, S. G.

G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Transient material properties during defect-assisted laser breakdown in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103506 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Material response during nanosecond laser induced breakdown inside of the exit surface of fused silica,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 444–452 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Comparison of material response in fused silica and KDP following exit surface laser-induced breakdown,” Proc. SPIE 8885(12), 88850W (2013).

S. G. Demos, P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, and M. D. Feit, “Investigation of the electronic and physical properties of defect structures responsible for laser-induced damage in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13788–13804 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Feit, P. P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and S. G. Demos, “Does complex absorption behavior leading to conditioning and damage in KDP/DKDP reflect the electronic structure of initiators?” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672005 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage performance in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 6103, 610305 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(8), 087401 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. O. Kucheyev, W. J. Siekhaus, T. A. Land, and S. G. Demos, “Mechanical response of KD2xH2(1-x)PO4 crystals during nanoindentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(13), 2274–2276 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, M. Staggs, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Time-resolved spectroscopic investigation of emission observed during damage in the bulk of fused silica and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 360–367 (2002).
[Crossref]

Deng, H.

M. Wang, H. Deng, and Q. Qian, “Study on problems of near cavity of penetration and explosion in rock,” Chin. J. Rock Mech. Eng. 24(16), 2859–2863 (2005).

Desanlis, T.

D. Hébert, L. Hallo, L. Voisin, T. Desanlis, A. Galtié, B. Bicrel, C. Maunier, P. Mercier, and G. Duchateau, “A KDP equation of state for laser-induced damage applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(12), 123527 (2011).
[Crossref]

Duchateau, G.

G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Transient material properties during defect-assisted laser breakdown in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103506 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Hébert, L. Hallo, L. Voisin, T. Desanlis, A. Galtié, B. Bicrel, C. Maunier, P. Mercier, and G. Duchateau, “A KDP equation of state for laser-induced damage applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(12), 123527 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Duchateau, D. Hébert, and L. Hallo, “Modeling of laser-induced damage in KDP crystals by nanosecond pulses: a preliminary hydrodynamic study,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 78420S (2010).

G. Duchateau, “Simple models for laser-induced damage and conditioning of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10434–10456 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Reyné, G. Duchateau, J. Y. Natoli, and L. Lamaignère, “Laser-induced damage of KDP crystals by 1ω nanosecond pulses: influence of crystal orientation,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21652–21665 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Duchateau and A. Dyan, “Coupling statistics and heat transfer to study laser-induced crystal damage by nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4557–4576 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dyan, A.

Fan, Z.

Y. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Shao, X. Liu, H. He, and Z. Fan, “Laser conditioning process combining N/1 and S/1 programs to improve the damage resistance of KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75041L (2009).
[Crossref]

Fang, C.

K. Wang, C. Fang, J. Zhang, X. Sun, S. Wang, Q. Gu, X. Zhao, and B. Wang, “Laser-induced damage mechanisms and improvement of optical qualities of bulk potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 287(2), 478–482 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fang, T.

T. Fang and J. C. Lambropoulos, “Microhardness and indentation fracture of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate (KDP),” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(1), 174–178 (2002).
[Crossref]

Feit, M.

L. Hrubesh, J. Adams, M. Feit, W. Sell, J. Stanley, E. Miller, S. Thompson, P. Whitman, and R. Hackel, “Surface damage growth mitigation on KDP/DKDP optics using single crystal diamond micro-machining,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030Q (2007).

Feit, M. D.

G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Transient material properties during defect-assisted laser breakdown in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103506 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Material response during nanosecond laser induced breakdown inside of the exit surface of fused silica,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 444–452 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Comparison of material response in fused silica and KDP following exit surface laser-induced breakdown,” Proc. SPIE 8885(12), 88850W (2013).

S. G. Demos, P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, and M. D. Feit, “Investigation of the electronic and physical properties of defect structures responsible for laser-induced damage in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13788–13804 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Feit, P. P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and S. G. Demos, “Does complex absorption behavior leading to conditioning and damage in KDP/DKDP reflect the electronic structure of initiators?” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672005 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2-x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “A summary of recent damage-initiation experiments on KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911Q (2005).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(8), 087401 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, M. Staggs, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Time-resolved spectroscopic investigation of emission observed during damage in the bulk of fused silica and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 360–367 (2002).
[Crossref]

Feng, B.

Y. Tian, W. Han, H. B. Cao, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, J. P. Zhao, K. X. Zheng, Q. H. Zhu, and W. G. Zheng, “Characteristics of laser-induced surface damage on large-aperture KDP crystals at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 27801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fesenko, O.

I. Pritula, A. Kosinova, M. Kolybayeva, V. Puzikov, S. Bondarenko, V. Tkachenko, V. Tsurikov, and O. Fesenko, “Optical, structural and micro hardness properties of KDP crystals grown from urea-doped solutions,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(10), 2778–2789 (2008).
[Crossref]

Floyd, R. L.

Galtié, A.

D. Hébert, L. Hallo, L. Voisin, T. Desanlis, A. Galtié, B. Bicrel, C. Maunier, P. Mercier, and G. Duchateau, “A KDP equation of state for laser-induced damage applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(12), 123527 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gu, Q.

K. Wang, C. Fang, J. Zhang, X. Sun, S. Wang, Q. Gu, X. Zhao, and B. Wang, “Laser-induced damage mechanisms and improvement of optical qualities of bulk potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 287(2), 478–482 (2006).
[Crossref]

Guan, C.

G. Tie, Y. Dai, C. Guan, D. Zhu, and B. Song, “Research on full-aperture ductile cutting of KDP crystals using spiral turning technique,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 213(12), 2137–2144 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guin, C. K.

C. K. Guin, M. D. Katrich, A. I. Savinkov, and M. P. Shaskolskaya, “Plastic strain and dislocation structure of the KDP group crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 15(4), 479–488 (1980).

Guo, D. C.

D. C. Guo, X. D. Jiang, J. Huang, H. Liu, and X. Zu, “Effect of UV laser conditioning on the structure of KDP crystal,” Adv. Condens. Matter Phys. 7, 238–244 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hackel, R.

L. Hrubesh, J. Adams, M. Feit, W. Sell, J. Stanley, E. Miller, S. Thompson, P. Whitman, and R. Hackel, “Surface damage growth mitigation on KDP/DKDP optics using single crystal diamond micro-machining,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030Q (2007).

Hallo, L.

D. Hébert, L. Hallo, L. Voisin, T. Desanlis, A. Galtié, B. Bicrel, C. Maunier, P. Mercier, and G. Duchateau, “A KDP equation of state for laser-induced damage applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(12), 123527 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Duchateau, D. Hébert, and L. Hallo, “Modeling of laser-induced damage in KDP crystals by nanosecond pulses: a preliminary hydrodynamic study,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 78420S (2010).

Han, W.

Y. Tian, W. Han, H. B. Cao, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, J. P. Zhao, K. X. Zheng, Q. H. Zhu, and W. G. Zheng, “Characteristics of laser-induced surface damage on large-aperture KDP crystals at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 27801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hawley-Fedder, R. A.

He, H.

Y. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Shao, X. Liu, H. He, and Z. Fan, “Laser conditioning process combining N/1 and S/1 programs to improve the damage resistance of KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75041L (2009).
[Crossref]

Hébert, D.

D. Hébert, L. Hallo, L. Voisin, T. Desanlis, A. Galtié, B. Bicrel, C. Maunier, P. Mercier, and G. Duchateau, “A KDP equation of state for laser-induced damage applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(12), 123527 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Duchateau, D. Hébert, and L. Hallo, “Modeling of laser-induced damage in KDP crystals by nanosecond pulses: a preliminary hydrodynamic study,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 78420S (2010).

Hrubesh, L.

L. Hrubesh, J. Adams, M. Feit, W. Sell, J. Stanley, E. Miller, S. Thompson, P. Whitman, and R. Hackel, “Surface damage growth mitigation on KDP/DKDP optics using single crystal diamond micro-machining,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030Q (2007).

Hu, G.

Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, X. Xie, G. Hu, L. Yang, Z. Xu, and J. Shao, “Laser damage dependence on the size and concentration of precursor defects in KDP crystals: view through differently sized filter pores,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1534–1537 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Shao, X. Liu, H. He, and Z. Fan, “Laser conditioning process combining N/1 and S/1 programs to improve the damage resistance of KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75041L (2009).
[Crossref]

Huang, J.

D. C. Guo, X. D. Jiang, J. Huang, H. Liu, and X. Zu, “Effect of UV laser conditioning on the structure of KDP crystal,” Adv. Condens. Matter Phys. 7, 238–244 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X. D.

D. C. Guo, X. D. Jiang, J. Huang, H. Liu, and X. Zu, “Effect of UV laser conditioning on the structure of KDP crystal,” Adv. Condens. Matter Phys. 7, 238–244 (2014).
[Crossref]

Johnson, M. A.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2-x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kafka, K.

J. Cheng, M. Chen, K. Kafka, D. Austin, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and E. Chowdhury, “Determination of ultra-short laser induced damage threshold of KH2PO4 crystal: Numerical calculation and experimental verification,” AIP Adv. 6(3), 035221 (2016).
[Crossref]

Katrich, M. D.

C. K. Guin, M. D. Katrich, A. I. Savinkov, and M. P. Shaskolskaya, “Plastic strain and dislocation structure of the KDP group crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 15(4), 479–488 (1980).

Kolybayeva, M.

I. Pritula, A. Kosinova, M. Kolybayeva, V. Puzikov, S. Bondarenko, V. Tkachenko, V. Tsurikov, and O. Fesenko, “Optical, structural and micro hardness properties of KDP crystals grown from urea-doped solutions,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(10), 2778–2789 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kosinova, A.

I. Pritula, A. Kosinova, M. Kolybayeva, V. Puzikov, S. Bondarenko, V. Tkachenko, V. Tsurikov, and O. Fesenko, “Optical, structural and micro hardness properties of KDP crystals grown from urea-doped solutions,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(10), 2778–2789 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kucheyev, S. O.

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. O. Kucheyev, W. J. Siekhaus, T. A. Land, and S. G. Demos, “Mechanical response of KD2xH2(1-x)PO4 crystals during nanoindentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(13), 2274–2276 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lamaignère, L.

Lambropoulos, J. C.

T. Fang and J. C. Lambropoulos, “Microhardness and indentation fracture of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate (KDP),” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(1), 174–178 (2002).
[Crossref]

Land, T. A.

S. O. Kucheyev, W. J. Siekhaus, T. A. Land, and S. G. Demos, “Mechanical response of KD2xH2(1-x)PO4 crystals during nanoindentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(13), 2274–2276 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lei, X.

S. Wang, J. Wang, Q. Xu, X. Lei, Z. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Influences of surface defects on the laser-induced damage performances of KDP crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(10), 2638–2646 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “Simulation research on the anisotropic cutting mechanism of KDP crystal using a new constitutive model,” J. Mach. Sci. Technol. 21(2), 202–222 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “An experimental and theoretical investigation on the brittle ductile transition and cutting force anisotropy in cutting KDP crystal,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 106, 98–108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, F. Q.

Y. Tian, W. Han, H. B. Cao, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, J. P. Zhao, K. X. Zheng, Q. H. Zhu, and W. G. Zheng, “Characteristics of laser-induced surface damage on large-aperture KDP crystals at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 27801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

Li, Y.

D. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, J. Wang, and Q. Xu, “Laser induced damage due to scratches in the surface of nonlinear optical crystals KH2PO4 (KDP),” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 13(1), 33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, Z. Q.

W. J. Zong, Z. Q. Li, L. Zhang, Y. C. Liang, T. Sun, C. H. An, J. F. Zhang, L. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Finite element simulation of diamond tool geometries affecting the 3D surface topography in fly cutting of KDP crystals,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 68(9-12), 1927–1936 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liang, Y. C.

W. J. Zong, Z. Q. Li, L. Zhang, Y. C. Liang, T. Sun, C. H. An, J. F. Zhang, L. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Finite element simulation of diamond tool geometries affecting the 3D surface topography in fly cutting of KDP crystals,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 68(9-12), 1927–1936 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liao, W.

Liao, Z. M.

Liu, H.

D. C. Guo, X. D. Jiang, J. Huang, H. Liu, and X. Zu, “Effect of UV laser conditioning on the structure of KDP crystal,” Adv. Condens. Matter Phys. 7, 238–244 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Y. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Shao, X. Liu, H. He, and Z. Fan, “Laser conditioning process combining N/1 and S/1 programs to improve the damage resistance of KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75041L (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Manenkov, A. A.

A. A. Manenkov, “Fundamental mechanisms of laser-induced damage in optical materials: today’s state of understanding and problems,” Opt. Eng. 53(1), 010901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Manes, K.

Maunier, C.

D. Hébert, L. Hallo, L. Voisin, T. Desanlis, A. Galtié, B. Bicrel, C. Maunier, P. Mercier, and G. Duchateau, “A KDP equation of state for laser-induced damage applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(12), 123527 (2011).
[Crossref]

McNary, J.

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mercier, P.

D. Hébert, L. Hallo, L. Voisin, T. Desanlis, A. Galtié, B. Bicrel, C. Maunier, P. Mercier, and G. Duchateau, “A KDP equation of state for laser-induced damage applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(12), 123527 (2011).
[Crossref]

Miller, E.

L. Hrubesh, J. Adams, M. Feit, W. Sell, J. Stanley, E. Miller, S. Thompson, P. Whitman, and R. Hackel, “Surface damage growth mitigation on KDP/DKDP optics using single crystal diamond micro-machining,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030Q (2007).

Natoli, J. Y.

Negres, R. A.

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Material response during nanosecond laser induced breakdown inside of the exit surface of fused silica,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 444–452 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Comparison of material response in fused silica and KDP following exit surface laser-induced breakdown,” Proc. SPIE 8885(12), 88850W (2013).

S. G. Demos, P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, and M. D. Feit, “Investigation of the electronic and physical properties of defect structures responsible for laser-induced damage in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13788–13804 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Feit, P. P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and S. G. Demos, “Does complex absorption behavior leading to conditioning and damage in KDP/DKDP reflect the electronic structure of initiators?” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672005 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage performance in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 6103, 610305 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nelson, A. J.

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Paulraj, R.

S. Chandran, R. Paulraj, and P. Ramasamy, “Influence of amaranth dye on the growth and properties of KDP single crystal,” Mater. Res. Bull. 68, 210–215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pritula, I.

I. Pritula, A. Kosinova, M. Kolybayeva, V. Puzikov, S. Bondarenko, V. Tkachenko, V. Tsurikov, and O. Fesenko, “Optical, structural and micro hardness properties of KDP crystals grown from urea-doped solutions,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(10), 2778–2789 (2008).
[Crossref]

Puzikov, V.

I. Pritula, A. Kosinova, M. Kolybayeva, V. Puzikov, S. Bondarenko, V. Tkachenko, V. Tsurikov, and O. Fesenko, “Optical, structural and micro hardness properties of KDP crystals grown from urea-doped solutions,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(10), 2778–2789 (2008).
[Crossref]

Qian, Q.

M. Wang, H. Deng, and Q. Qian, “Study on problems of near cavity of penetration and explosion in rock,” Chin. J. Rock Mech. Eng. 24(16), 2859–2863 (2005).

Radousky, H. B.

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage performance in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 6103, 610305 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(8), 087401 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, M. Staggs, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Time-resolved spectroscopic investigation of emission observed during damage in the bulk of fused silica and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 360–367 (2002).
[Crossref]

Raman, R. N.

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Comparison of material response in fused silica and KDP following exit surface laser-induced breakdown,” Proc. SPIE 8885(12), 88850W (2013).

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Material response during nanosecond laser induced breakdown inside of the exit surface of fused silica,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 444–452 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ramasamy, P.

S. Chandran, R. Paulraj, and P. Ramasamy, “Influence of amaranth dye on the growth and properties of KDP single crystal,” Mater. Res. Bull. 68, 210–215 (2015).
[Crossref]

Reyné, S.

Rubenchik, A. M.

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Material response during nanosecond laser induced breakdown inside of the exit surface of fused silica,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(3), 444–452 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Comparison of material response in fused silica and KDP following exit surface laser-induced breakdown,” Proc. SPIE 8885(12), 88850W (2013).

M. D. Feit, P. P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and S. G. Demos, “Does complex absorption behavior leading to conditioning and damage in KDP/DKDP reflect the electronic structure of initiators?” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672005 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. A. Johnson, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Complex morphology of laser-induced bulk damage in K2H(2-x)DxPO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(13), 131901 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “A summary of recent damage-initiation experiments on KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911Q (2005).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Localized dynamics during laser-induced damage in optical materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(8), 087401 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, M. Staggs, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Time-resolved spectroscopic investigation of emission observed during damage in the bulk of fused silica and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 360–367 (2002).
[Crossref]

Runkel, M.

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Runkel and A. K. Burnham, “Differences in bulk damage probability distributions between tripler and z-cuts of KDP and DKDP at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 408–419 (2001).
[Crossref]

Savinkov, A. I.

C. K. Guin, M. D. Katrich, A. I. Savinkov, and M. P. Shaskolskaya, “Plastic strain and dislocation structure of the KDP group crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 15(4), 479–488 (1980).

Sell, W.

L. Hrubesh, J. Adams, M. Feit, W. Sell, J. Stanley, E. Miller, S. Thompson, P. Whitman, and R. Hackel, “Surface damage growth mitigation on KDP/DKDP optics using single crystal diamond micro-machining,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030Q (2007).

Shao, J.

Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, X. Xie, G. Hu, L. Yang, Z. Xu, and J. Shao, “Laser damage dependence on the size and concentration of precursor defects in KDP crystals: view through differently sized filter pores,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1534–1537 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Shao, X. Liu, H. He, and Z. Fan, “Laser conditioning process combining N/1 and S/1 programs to improve the damage resistance of KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75041L (2009).
[Crossref]

Shaskolskaya, M. P.

C. K. Guin, M. D. Katrich, A. I. Savinkov, and M. P. Shaskolskaya, “Plastic strain and dislocation structure of the KDP group crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 15(4), 479–488 (1980).

Shen, N.

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, and P. Demange, “Temperature activated absorption during laser-induced damage: The evolution of laser-supported solid state absorption fronts,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 78420N (2010).
[Crossref]

Siekhaus, W. J.

S. O. Kucheyev, W. J. Siekhaus, T. A. Land, and S. G. Demos, “Mechanical response of KD2xH2(1-x)PO4 crystals during nanoindentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(13), 2274–2276 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, B.

G. Tie, Y. Dai, C. Guan, D. Zhu, and B. Song, “Research on full-aperture ductile cutting of KDP crystals using spiral turning technique,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 213(12), 2137–2144 (2013).
[Crossref]

Spaeth, M. L.

Staggs, M.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, M. Staggs, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Time-resolved spectroscopic investigation of emission observed during damage in the bulk of fused silica and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 360–367 (2002).
[Crossref]

Stanley, J.

L. Hrubesh, J. Adams, M. Feit, W. Sell, J. Stanley, E. Miller, S. Thompson, P. Whitman, and R. Hackel, “Surface damage growth mitigation on KDP/DKDP optics using single crystal diamond micro-machining,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030Q (2007).

Sun, T.

W. J. Zong, Z. Q. Li, L. Zhang, Y. C. Liang, T. Sun, C. H. An, J. F. Zhang, L. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Finite element simulation of diamond tool geometries affecting the 3D surface topography in fly cutting of KDP crystals,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 68(9-12), 1927–1936 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sun, X.

K. Wang, C. Fang, J. Zhang, X. Sun, S. Wang, Q. Gu, X. Zhao, and B. Wang, “Laser-induced damage mechanisms and improvement of optical qualities of bulk potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 287(2), 478–482 (2006).
[Crossref]

Thompson, S.

L. Hrubesh, J. Adams, M. Feit, W. Sell, J. Stanley, E. Miller, S. Thompson, P. Whitman, and R. Hackel, “Surface damage growth mitigation on KDP/DKDP optics using single crystal diamond micro-machining,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030Q (2007).

Tian, Y.

Y. Tian, W. Han, H. B. Cao, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, J. P. Zhao, K. X. Zheng, Q. H. Zhu, and W. G. Zheng, “Characteristics of laser-induced surface damage on large-aperture KDP crystals at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 27801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tie, G.

G. Tie, Y. Dai, C. Guan, D. Zhu, and B. Song, “Research on full-aperture ductile cutting of KDP crystals using spiral turning technique,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 213(12), 2137–2144 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tkachenko, V.

I. Pritula, A. Kosinova, M. Kolybayeva, V. Puzikov, S. Bondarenko, V. Tkachenko, V. Tsurikov, and O. Fesenko, “Optical, structural and micro hardness properties of KDP crystals grown from urea-doped solutions,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(10), 2778–2789 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tom, H. W. K.

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

Trenholme, J. B.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “A summary of recent damage-initiation experiments on KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911Q (2005).
[Crossref]

Tsurikov, V.

I. Pritula, A. Kosinova, M. Kolybayeva, V. Puzikov, S. Bondarenko, V. Tkachenko, V. Tsurikov, and O. Fesenko, “Optical, structural and micro hardness properties of KDP crystals grown from urea-doped solutions,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(10), 2778–2789 (2008).
[Crossref]

van Buuren, T.

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Voisin, L.

D. Hébert, L. Hallo, L. Voisin, T. Desanlis, A. Galtié, B. Bicrel, C. Maunier, P. Mercier, and G. Duchateau, “A KDP equation of state for laser-induced damage applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(12), 123527 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

K. Wang, C. Fang, J. Zhang, X. Sun, S. Wang, Q. Gu, X. Zhao, and B. Wang, “Laser-induced damage mechanisms and improvement of optical qualities of bulk potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 287(2), 478–482 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Wang, J.

S. Wang, J. Wang, Q. Xu, X. Lei, Z. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Influences of surface defects on the laser-induced damage performances of KDP crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(10), 2638–2646 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, J. Wang, and Q. Xu, “Laser induced damage due to scratches in the surface of nonlinear optical crystals KH2PO4 (KDP),” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 13(1), 33 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “Simulation research on the anisotropic cutting mechanism of KDP crystal using a new constitutive model,” J. Mach. Sci. Technol. 21(2), 202–222 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Cheng, M. Chen, K. Kafka, D. Austin, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and E. Chowdhury, “Determination of ultra-short laser induced damage threshold of KH2PO4 crystal: Numerical calculation and experimental verification,” AIP Adv. 6(3), 035221 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “An experimental and theoretical investigation on the brittle ductile transition and cutting force anisotropy in cutting KDP crystal,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 106, 98–108 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Cheng, M. Chen, W. Liao, H. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and M. Li, “Influence of surface cracks on laser-induced damage resistance of brittle KH2PO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28740–28755 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Zong, Z. Q. Li, L. Zhang, Y. C. Liang, T. Sun, C. H. An, J. F. Zhang, L. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Finite element simulation of diamond tool geometries affecting the 3D surface topography in fly cutting of KDP crystals,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 68(9-12), 1927–1936 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. H.

C. H. An, Y. Zhang, Q. Xu, F. H. Zhang, J. F. Zhang, L. J. Zhang, and J. H. Wang, “Modeling of dynamic characteristic of the aerostatic bearing spindle in an ultra-precision fly cutting machine,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 50(4), 374–385 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

K. Wang, C. Fang, J. Zhang, X. Sun, S. Wang, Q. Gu, X. Zhao, and B. Wang, “Laser-induced damage mechanisms and improvement of optical qualities of bulk potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 287(2), 478–482 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

M. Wang, H. Deng, and Q. Qian, “Study on problems of near cavity of penetration and explosion in rock,” Chin. J. Rock Mech. Eng. 24(16), 2859–2863 (2005).

Wang, S.

S. Wang, J. Wang, Q. Xu, X. Lei, Z. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Influences of surface defects on the laser-induced damage performances of KDP crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(10), 2638–2646 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “Simulation research on the anisotropic cutting mechanism of KDP crystal using a new constitutive model,” J. Mach. Sci. Technol. 21(2), 202–222 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “An experimental and theoretical investigation on the brittle ductile transition and cutting force anisotropy in cutting KDP crystal,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 106, 98–108 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, C. Fang, J. Zhang, X. Sun, S. Wang, Q. Gu, X. Zhao, and B. Wang, “Laser-induced damage mechanisms and improvement of optical qualities of bulk potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 287(2), 478–482 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Whitman, P.

L. Hrubesh, J. Adams, M. Feit, W. Sell, J. Stanley, E. Miller, S. Thompson, P. Whitman, and R. Hackel, “Surface damage growth mitigation on KDP/DKDP optics using single crystal diamond micro-machining,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030Q (2007).

Xiao, Y.

J. Cheng, M. Chen, K. Kafka, D. Austin, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and E. Chowdhury, “Determination of ultra-short laser induced damage threshold of KH2PO4 crystal: Numerical calculation and experimental verification,” AIP Adv. 6(3), 035221 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Cheng, M. Chen, W. Liao, H. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Xiao, and M. Li, “Influence of surface cracks on laser-induced damage resistance of brittle KH2PO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28740–28755 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, X.

Xu, Q.

S. Wang, J. Wang, Q. Xu, X. Lei, Z. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Influences of surface defects on the laser-induced damage performances of KDP crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(10), 2638–2646 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, J. Wang, and Q. Xu, “Laser induced damage due to scratches in the surface of nonlinear optical crystals KH2PO4 (KDP),” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 13(1), 33 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. H. An, Y. Zhang, Q. Xu, F. H. Zhang, J. F. Zhang, L. J. Zhang, and J. H. Wang, “Modeling of dynamic characteristic of the aerostatic bearing spindle in an ultra-precision fly cutting machine,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 50(4), 374–385 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

Yan, M.

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

Zhang, F.

S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “Simulation research on the anisotropic cutting mechanism of KDP crystal using a new constitutive model,” J. Mach. Sci. Technol. 21(2), 202–222 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “An experimental and theoretical investigation on the brittle ductile transition and cutting force anisotropy in cutting KDP crystal,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 106, 98–108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F. H.

C. H. An, Y. Zhang, Q. Xu, F. H. Zhang, J. F. Zhang, L. J. Zhang, and J. H. Wang, “Modeling of dynamic characteristic of the aerostatic bearing spindle in an ultra-precision fly cutting machine,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 50(4), 374–385 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

S. Wang, J. Wang, Q. Xu, X. Lei, Z. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Influences of surface defects on the laser-induced damage performances of KDP crystal,” Appl. Opt. 57(10), 2638–2646 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “Simulation research on the anisotropic cutting mechanism of KDP crystal using a new constitutive model,” J. Mach. Sci. Technol. 21(2), 202–222 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “An experimental and theoretical investigation on the brittle ductile transition and cutting force anisotropy in cutting KDP crystal,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 106, 98–108 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, C. Fang, J. Zhang, X. Sun, S. Wang, Q. Gu, X. Zhao, and B. Wang, “Laser-induced damage mechanisms and improvement of optical qualities of bulk potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 287(2), 478–482 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. F.

W. J. Zong, Z. Q. Li, L. Zhang, Y. C. Liang, T. Sun, C. H. An, J. F. Zhang, L. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Finite element simulation of diamond tool geometries affecting the 3D surface topography in fly cutting of KDP crystals,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 68(9-12), 1927–1936 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. H. An, Y. Zhang, Q. Xu, F. H. Zhang, J. F. Zhang, L. J. Zhang, and J. H. Wang, “Modeling of dynamic characteristic of the aerostatic bearing spindle in an ultra-precision fly cutting machine,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 50(4), 374–385 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

W. J. Zong, Z. Q. Li, L. Zhang, Y. C. Liang, T. Sun, C. H. An, J. F. Zhang, L. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Finite element simulation of diamond tool geometries affecting the 3D surface topography in fly cutting of KDP crystals,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 68(9-12), 1927–1936 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L. J.

C. H. An, Y. Zhang, Q. Xu, F. H. Zhang, J. F. Zhang, L. J. Zhang, and J. H. Wang, “Modeling of dynamic characteristic of the aerostatic bearing spindle in an ultra-precision fly cutting machine,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 50(4), 374–385 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

D. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, J. Wang, and Q. Xu, “Laser induced damage due to scratches in the surface of nonlinear optical crystals KH2PO4 (KDP),” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 13(1), 33 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

C. H. An, Y. Zhang, Q. Xu, F. H. Zhang, J. F. Zhang, L. J. Zhang, and J. H. Wang, “Modeling of dynamic characteristic of the aerostatic bearing spindle in an ultra-precision fly cutting machine,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 50(4), 374–385 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J. P.

Y. Tian, W. Han, H. B. Cao, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, J. P. Zhao, K. X. Zheng, Q. H. Zhu, and W. G. Zheng, “Characteristics of laser-induced surface damage on large-aperture KDP crystals at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 27801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.

K. Wang, C. Fang, J. Zhang, X. Sun, S. Wang, Q. Gu, X. Zhao, and B. Wang, “Laser-induced damage mechanisms and improvement of optical qualities of bulk potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 287(2), 478–482 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Wang, Y. Zhao, X. Xie, G. Hu, L. Yang, Z. Xu, and J. Shao, “Laser damage dependence on the size and concentration of precursor defects in KDP crystals: view through differently sized filter pores,” Opt. Lett. 41(7), 1534–1537 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Shao, X. Liu, H. He, and Z. Fan, “Laser conditioning process combining N/1 and S/1 programs to improve the damage resistance of KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75041L (2009).
[Crossref]

Zheng, K. X.

Y. Tian, W. Han, H. B. Cao, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, J. P. Zhao, K. X. Zheng, Q. H. Zhu, and W. G. Zheng, “Characteristics of laser-induced surface damage on large-aperture KDP crystals at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 27801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, W. G.

Y. Tian, W. Han, H. B. Cao, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, J. P. Zhao, K. X. Zheng, Q. H. Zhu, and W. G. Zheng, “Characteristics of laser-induced surface damage on large-aperture KDP crystals at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 27801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

W. J. Zong, Z. Q. Li, L. Zhang, Y. C. Liang, T. Sun, C. H. An, J. F. Zhang, L. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Finite element simulation of diamond tool geometries affecting the 3D surface topography in fly cutting of KDP crystals,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 68(9-12), 1927–1936 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, D.

D. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, J. Wang, and Q. Xu, “Laser induced damage due to scratches in the surface of nonlinear optical crystals KH2PO4 (KDP),” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 13(1), 33 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Tie, Y. Dai, C. Guan, D. Zhu, and B. Song, “Research on full-aperture ductile cutting of KDP crystals using spiral turning technique,” J. Mater. Process. Technol. 213(12), 2137–2144 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Q. H.

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W. J. Zong, Z. Q. Li, L. Zhang, Y. C. Liang, T. Sun, C. H. An, J. F. Zhang, L. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Finite element simulation of diamond tool geometries affecting the 3D surface topography in fly cutting of KDP crystals,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 68(9-12), 1927–1936 (2013).
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Zu, X.

D. C. Guo, X. D. Jiang, J. Huang, H. Liu, and X. Zu, “Effect of UV laser conditioning on the structure of KDP crystal,” Adv. Condens. Matter Phys. 7, 238–244 (2014).
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D. C. Guo, X. D. Jiang, J. Huang, H. Liu, and X. Zu, “Effect of UV laser conditioning on the structure of KDP crystal,” Adv. Condens. Matter Phys. 7, 238–244 (2014).
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R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
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H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
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Y. Tian, W. Han, H. B. Cao, F. Q. Li, B. Feng, J. P. Zhao, K. X. Zheng, Q. H. Zhu, and W. G. Zheng, “Characteristics of laser-induced surface damage on large-aperture KDP crystals at 351 nm,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 27801 (2015).
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C. K. Guin, M. D. Katrich, A. I. Savinkov, and M. P. Shaskolskaya, “Plastic strain and dislocation structure of the KDP group crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 15(4), 479–488 (1980).

Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. (1)

W. J. Zong, Z. Q. Li, L. Zhang, Y. C. Liang, T. Sun, C. H. An, J. F. Zhang, L. Zhou, and J. Wang, “Finite element simulation of diamond tool geometries affecting the 3D surface topography in fly cutting of KDP crystals,” Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 68(9-12), 1927–1936 (2013).
[Crossref]

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C. H. An, Y. Zhang, Q. Xu, F. H. Zhang, J. F. Zhang, L. J. Zhang, and J. H. Wang, “Modeling of dynamic characteristic of the aerostatic bearing spindle in an ultra-precision fly cutting machine,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 50(4), 374–385 (2010).
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S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “An experimental and theoretical investigation on the brittle ductile transition and cutting force anisotropy in cutting KDP crystal,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 106, 98–108 (2016).
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T. Fang and J. C. Lambropoulos, “Microhardness and indentation fracture of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate (KDP),” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(1), 174–178 (2002).
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D. Hébert, L. Hallo, L. Voisin, T. Desanlis, A. Galtié, B. Bicrel, C. Maunier, P. Mercier, and G. Duchateau, “A KDP equation of state for laser-induced damage applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(12), 123527 (2011).
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G. Duchateau, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Transient material properties during defect-assisted laser breakdown in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(10), 103506 (2014).
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K. Wang, C. Fang, J. Zhang, X. Sun, S. Wang, Q. Gu, X. Zhao, and B. Wang, “Laser-induced damage mechanisms and improvement of optical qualities of bulk potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 287(2), 478–482 (2006).
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D. Zhu, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, J. Wang, and Q. Xu, “Laser induced damage due to scratches in the surface of nonlinear optical crystals KH2PO4 (KDP),” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. 13(1), 33 (2017).
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S. Wang, C. An, F. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Lei, and J. Zhang, “Simulation research on the anisotropic cutting mechanism of KDP crystal using a new constitutive model,” J. Mach. Sci. Technol. 21(2), 202–222 (2017).
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S. G. Demos, R. A. Negres, R. N. Raman, A. M. Rubenchik, and M. D. Feit, “Comparison of material response in fused silica and KDP following exit surface laser-induced breakdown,” Proc. SPIE 8885(12), 88850W (2013).

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, M. Staggs, A. M. Rubenchik, M. D. Feit, and S. G. Demos, “Time-resolved spectroscopic investigation of emission observed during damage in the bulk of fused silica and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 360–367 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. D. Feit, P. P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, A. M. Rubenchik, and S. G. Demos, “Does complex absorption behavior leading to conditioning and damage in KDP/DKDP reflect the electronic structure of initiators?” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672005 (2007).
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M. Runkel and A. K. Burnham, “Differences in bulk damage probability distributions between tripler and z-cuts of KDP and DKDP at 355 nm,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 408–419 (2001).
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C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “A summary of recent damage-initiation experiments on KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911Q (2005).
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P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage performance in KDP and DKDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 6103, 610305 (2006).
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L. Hrubesh, J. Adams, M. Feit, W. Sell, J. Stanley, E. Miller, S. Thompson, P. Whitman, and R. Hackel, “Surface damage growth mitigation on KDP/DKDP optics using single crystal diamond micro-machining,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030Q (2007).

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, N. Shen, and P. Demange, “Temperature activated absorption during laser-induced damage: The evolution of laser-supported solid state absorption fronts,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 78420N (2010).
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Y. Zhao, G. Hu, J. Shao, X. Liu, H. He, and Z. Fan, “Laser conditioning process combining N/1 and S/1 programs to improve the damage resistance of KDP crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7504, 75041L (2009).
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G. Duchateau, D. Hébert, and L. Hallo, “Modeling of laser-induced damage in KDP crystals by nanosecond pulses: a preliminary hydrodynamic study,” Proc. SPIE 7842, 78420S (2010).

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Figures (15)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Typical KDP surface defects generated in the fly-cutting process: (a) crack, (b) surface protuberance and (c) plastic scratch.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 KDP surface damage craters initiating from (a) crack, (b) surface protuberance, (c) plastic scratch, and (d) defects-free surface. (e) Comparison of the LIDT between typical surface defects and defects-free KDP surface.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic illustrations of (a) typical precursor defects inducing KDP surface damage, (b) main stages and phenomena involved in the laser-induced surface damage process.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Equivalent explosion simulation models of the laser damage events originating from (a) near-surface bulk defect, (b) crack and (c) surface protuberance.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Morphologies of damage craters caused by explosion events initiated from (a) near-surface bulk defect, (b) crack and (c) surface protuberance.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Fluorescence intensity of (a) KDP surface protuberance is much stronger than (b) crack and the surrounding defects-free area.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Influences of explosion energy on the diameter of damage craters initiating from near surface bulk defects.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Simulated pressure distribution in KDP crystal at different time points as the explosion energy is (a) 2e−10 J, (b) 1e−9 J and (c) 5e−9 J. (d) Influences of explosion energy on the propagating speed of stress wave in KDP crystal.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Simulated pressure distribution in air at different time points as the explosion energy is (a) 1e−9 J, (b) 2e−9 J and (c) 5e−9 J. (d) Influences of explosion energy on the propagating speed of shockwave in air.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 SEM images of KDP surface damage craters formed under laser fluences of (a) 20 J/cm2, (b) 60 J/cm2 and (c) 80 J/cm2. (d) Influences of laser fluences on the dimension of damage craters.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Schematic layout of the TRPP setup for observing the shockwave propagation phenomenon.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Transient image of air shockwave at 5 ns, 30 ns and 50 ns as the laser fluences is (a) 15 J/cm2, (b) 20 J/cm2 and (c) 30 J/cm2. (d) Impact of laser fluences on the air shockwave velocity.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Schematic layout of the SHPB experiment setup.
Fig. 14
Fig. 14 FE simulation model of the SHPB experiment.
Fig. 15
Fig. 15 SHPB experiment results of KDP: (a) reflected strain, (b) transmitted strain and (c) stress-strain relation. SHPB simulation results: (d) reflected strain, (e) transmitted strain and (f) fracture process of crystal.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[ σ x σ y σ z τ xy τ yz τ zx ]=[ C 11 C 12 C 13 0 0 0 C 12 C 11 C 13 0 0 0 C 13 C 13 C 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 C 44 0 0 0 0 0 0 C 44 0 0 0 0 0 0 C 66 ][ ε x ε y ε z γ xy γ yz γ zx ]
σ F =117(10.017ln ε ˙ ) MPa
pv=RT
P= Γ 0 ρ 0 C v (T T 0 )+ c 0 2 ( 1 ρ 0 1 ρ ) [ 1 ρ 0 S( 1 ρ 0 1 ρ )] 2
E exp = Q abs π a 2 F th
ε ˙ s =2c· ε r / L s ε s =2c· 0 t ε r dt / L S σ s = S B ·E· ε t / S S

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