Abstract

A novel differential intensity-measurement high-sensitivity refractive index (RI) sensor based on cascaded dual-wavelength fiber laser and single-mode-no-core-hollow-core-no-core-single-mode (SNHNS) structure is proposed and demonstrated. The sensing unit consists of one uniform fiber Bragg grating (FBG) and an SNHNS structure as all-fiber interferometer filter. The dual-wavelength fiber laser has a ring cavity composed of two FBGs with central wavelengths of 1550.10nm and 1553.61nm. Through monitoring the wavelength shift and the output power difference of the dual-wavelength fiber laser, the simultaneous measurement for RI and temperature is realized. In our experiment, the proposed fiber laser sensor exhibits high RI sensitivities of −193.1dB/RIU and 174.8dB/RIU in the range of 1.334-1.384. The relative variation of output power at the two FBG wavelengths shows a higher RI sensitivity of −367.9dB/RIU with better stability, which is greater than the traditional modal interferometer structure. Meanwhile, the temperature sensitivity of the proposed sensor is 8.53 × 10−3nm/°C, and the changes of laser output power caused by temperature are −0.223dB/°C and 0.215dB/°C.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2018 (1)

X. Li, L. V. Nguyen, Y. Zhao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. C. Warren-Smith, “High-sensitivity Sagnac-interferometer biosensor based on exposed core microstructured optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B. 269, 103–109 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (6)

Q. Wang, B. T. Wang, L. X. Kong, and Y. Zhao, “Comparative Analyses of Bi-Tapered Fiber Mach-Zehnder Interferometer for Refractive Index Sensing,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 66(9), 2483–2489 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, S. Xu, J. Zhao, H. Li, H. Bai, and C. Miao, “Differential Intensity Modulation Refractometer Based on SNS Structure Cascaded Two FBGs,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, D. Spasic, F. Delport, T. Van Stappen, I. Detrez, D. Daems, S. Vermeire, A. Gils, and J. Lammertyn, “Immunoassay for detection of infliximab in whole blood using a fiber-optic surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 89(6), 3664–3671 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Shi, Y. Wang, D. Xu, T. Liu, W. Xu, C. Zhang, C. Yan, D. Yan, L. Tang, Y. He, and J. Yao, “Temperature Self-Compensation High-Resolution Refractive Index Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(20), 1743–1746 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, S. Liu, W. Ni, S. Wu, and P. Lu, “Dual-wavelength highly-sensitive refractive index sensor,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14389–14396 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Yin, M. Wang, S. Wu, Y. Tang, S. Feng, Y. Wu, and H. Zhang, “Fiber ring laser based on MMF-PMFBG-MMF filter for three parameters sensing,” Opt. Express 25(25), 30946–30955 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (5)

2015 (4)

C. Caucheteur, T. Guo, and J. Albert, “Review of plasmonic fiber optic biochemical sensors: improving the limit of detection,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 407(14), 3883–3897 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B. 208, 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Z. Yang, M. M. Ali, M. R. Islam, K.-S. Lim, D. S. Gunawardena, and H. Ahmad, “Cladless few mode fiber grating sensor for simultaneous refractive index and temperature measurement,” Sensor. Actuat. A. 228, 62–68 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Sun, H. Luo, H. Luo, M. Lai, D. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Multimode microfiber interferometer for dual-parameters sensing assisted by Fresnel reflection,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12777–12783 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive Index and Temperature Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser with STCS Fiber Structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Gao, W. Zhang, Z.-Y. Bai, H. Zhang, W. Lin, L. Wang, and J. Li, “Microfiber-enabled in-line Fabry–Pérot interferometer for high-sensitive force and refractive index sensing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(9), 1682–1688 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Luo, Q. Sun, Z. Xu, D. Liu, and L. Zhang, “Simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature using multimode microfiber-based dual Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 39(13), 4049–4052 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Qi, C.-L. Zhao, J. Yuan, M. Ye, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, and S. Jin, “Highly reflective long period fiber grating sensor and its application in refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B. 193, 185–189 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, Z. Deng, and Q. Wang, “Fiber optic SPR sensor for liquid concentration measurement,” Sens. Actuators B. 192, 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (7)

L. Li, L. Xia, Y. Wuang, Y. Ran, C. Yang, and D. Liu, “Novel NCF-FBG interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(24), 2268–2271 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, X. Qiao, T. Guo, R. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Weng, Q. Rong, M. Hu, and Z. Feng, “Reflective fiber-optic refractometer based on a thin-core fiber tailored Bragg grating reflection,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 323–325 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B.-O. Guan, L. Jin, Y. Zhang, and H.-Y. Tam, “Polarimetric Heterodyning Fiber Grating Laser Sensors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(8), 1097–1112 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, Q. Sun, R. Liang, J. Wo, D. Liu, and P. Shum, “Microfiber Fabry-Perot interferometer fabricated by taper-drawing technique and its application as a radio frequency interrogated refractive index sensor,” Opt. Lett. 37(14), 2925–2927 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Pilla, C. Trono, F. Baldini, F. Chiavaioli, M. Giordano, and A. Cusano, “Giant sensitivity of long period gratings in transition mode near the dispersion turning point: an integrated design approach,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4152–4154 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-L. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y.-Q. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, “Microfiber-based Bragg gratings for sensing applications: a review,” Sensors (Basel) 12(7), 8861–8876 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, “Ultrahigh sensitivity refractive index sensor based on optical microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1872–1874 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ahmad, H.

H. Z. Yang, M. M. Ali, M. R. Islam, K.-S. Lim, D. S. Gunawardena, and H. Ahmad, “Cladless few mode fiber grating sensor for simultaneous refractive index and temperature measurement,” Sensor. Actuat. A. 228, 62–68 (2015).
[Crossref]

Albert, J.

C. Caucheteur, T. Guo, and J. Albert, “Review of plasmonic fiber optic biochemical sensors: improving the limit of detection,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 407(14), 3883–3897 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ali, M. M.

H. Z. Yang, M. M. Ali, M. R. Islam, K.-S. Lim, D. S. Gunawardena, and H. Ahmad, “Cladless few mode fiber grating sensor for simultaneous refractive index and temperature measurement,” Sensor. Actuat. A. 228, 62–68 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bai, H.

C. Zhang, S. Xu, J. Zhao, H. Li, H. Bai, and C. Miao, “Differential Intensity Modulation Refractometer Based on SNS Structure Cascaded Two FBGs,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Chen, and C. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bai, Z.-Y.

Baldini, F.

Brambilla, G.

J.-L. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y.-Q. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, “Microfiber-based Bragg gratings for sensing applications: a review,” Sensors (Basel) 12(7), 8861–8876 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Caucheteur, C.

C. Caucheteur, T. Guo, and J. Albert, “Review of plasmonic fiber optic biochemical sensors: improving the limit of detection,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 407(14), 3883–3897 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

J. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Chen, and C. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

Chiavaioli, F.

Chow, K. K.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, “Ultrahigh sensitivity refractive index sensor based on optical microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1872–1874 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cusano, A.

Daems, D.

J. Lu, D. Spasic, F. Delport, T. Van Stappen, I. Detrez, D. Daems, S. Vermeire, A. Gils, and J. Lammertyn, “Immunoassay for detection of infliximab in whole blood using a fiber-optic surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 89(6), 3664–3671 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delport, F.

J. Lu, D. Spasic, F. Delport, T. Van Stappen, I. Detrez, D. Daems, S. Vermeire, A. Gils, and J. Lammertyn, “Immunoassay for detection of infliximab in whole blood using a fiber-optic surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 89(6), 3664–3671 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, Z.

Y. Zhao, Z. Deng, and Q. Wang, “Fiber optic SPR sensor for liquid concentration measurement,” Sens. Actuators B. 192, 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Detrez, I.

J. Lu, D. Spasic, F. Delport, T. Van Stappen, I. Detrez, D. Daems, S. Vermeire, A. Gils, and J. Lammertyn, “Immunoassay for detection of infliximab in whole blood using a fiber-optic surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 89(6), 3664–3671 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, M.

J.-L. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y.-Q. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, “Microfiber-based Bragg gratings for sensing applications: a review,” Sensors (Basel) 12(7), 8861–8876 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, X.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

X. Li, L. V. Nguyen, Y. Zhao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. C. Warren-Smith, “High-sensitivity Sagnac-interferometer biosensor based on exposed core microstructured optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B. 269, 103–109 (2018).
[Crossref]

Feng, J.

J.-L. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y.-Q. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, “Microfiber-based Bragg gratings for sensing applications: a review,” Sensors (Basel) 12(7), 8861–8876 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, S.

Feng, Z.

Gao, S.

Gils, A.

J. Lu, D. Spasic, F. Delport, T. Van Stappen, I. Detrez, D. Daems, S. Vermeire, A. Gils, and J. Lammertyn, “Immunoassay for detection of infliximab in whole blood using a fiber-optic surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 89(6), 3664–3671 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giordano, M.

Guan, B.-O.

Gunawardena, D. S.

H. Z. Yang, M. M. Ali, M. R. Islam, K.-S. Lim, D. S. Gunawardena, and H. Ahmad, “Cladless few mode fiber grating sensor for simultaneous refractive index and temperature measurement,” Sensor. Actuat. A. 228, 62–68 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, C.

J. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Chen, and C. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Guo, J.

Guo, T.

C. Caucheteur, T. Guo, and J. Albert, “Review of plasmonic fiber optic biochemical sensors: improving the limit of detection,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 407(14), 3883–3897 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, X. Qiao, T. Guo, R. Wang, J. Zhang, Y. Weng, Q. Rong, M. Hu, and Z. Feng, “Reflective fiber-optic refractometer based on a thin-core fiber tailored Bragg grating reflection,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 323–325 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, J.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B. 208, 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

He, Y.

J. Shi, Y. Wang, D. Xu, T. Liu, W. Xu, C. Zhang, C. Yan, D. Yan, L. Tang, Y. He, and J. Yao, “Temperature Self-Compensation High-Resolution Refractive Index Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(20), 1743–1746 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hu, M.

Hu, T.

Islam, M. R.

H. Z. Yang, M. M. Ali, M. R. Islam, K.-S. Lim, D. S. Gunawardena, and H. Ahmad, “Cladless few mode fiber grating sensor for simultaneous refractive index and temperature measurement,” Sensor. Actuat. A. 228, 62–68 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ji, W. B.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, “Ultrahigh sensitivity refractive index sensor based on optical microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1872–1874 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jian, S.

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive Index and Temperature Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser with STCS Fiber Structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jin, L.

Jin, S.

L. Qi, C.-L. Zhao, J. Yuan, M. Ye, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, and S. Jin, “Highly reflective long period fiber grating sensor and its application in refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B. 193, 185–189 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kong, L. X.

Q. Wang, B. T. Wang, L. X. Kong, and Y. Zhao, “Comparative Analyses of Bi-Tapered Fiber Mach-Zehnder Interferometer for Refractive Index Sensing,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 66(9), 2483–2489 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kou, J.-L.

J.-L. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y.-Q. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, “Microfiber-based Bragg gratings for sensing applications: a review,” Sensors (Basel) 12(7), 8861–8876 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lai, M.

Lammertyn, J.

J. Lu, D. Spasic, F. Delport, T. Van Stappen, I. Detrez, D. Daems, S. Vermeire, A. Gils, and J. Lammertyn, “Immunoassay for detection of infliximab in whole blood using a fiber-optic surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 89(6), 3664–3671 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

C. Zhang, S. Xu, J. Zhao, H. Li, H. Bai, and C. Miao, “Differential Intensity Modulation Refractometer Based on SNS Structure Cascaded Two FBGs,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Li, L.

L. Li, L. Xia, Y. Wuang, Y. Ran, C. Yang, and D. Liu, “Novel NCF-FBG interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(24), 2268–2271 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

Li, X.

X. Li, L. V. Nguyen, Y. Zhao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. C. Warren-Smith, “High-sensitivity Sagnac-interferometer biosensor based on exposed core microstructured optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B. 269, 103–109 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B. 208, 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liang, L.

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive Index and Temperature Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser with STCS Fiber Structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liang, R.

Liang, X.

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive Index and Temperature Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser with STCS Fiber Structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liang, Y.

Liao, C.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B. 208, 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liao, C. R.

Lim, A.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, “Ultrahigh sensitivity refractive index sensor based on optical microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1872–1874 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lim, K.-S.

H. Z. Yang, M. M. Ali, M. R. Islam, K.-S. Lim, D. S. Gunawardena, and H. Ahmad, “Cladless few mode fiber grating sensor for simultaneous refractive index and temperature measurement,” Sensor. Actuat. A. 228, 62–68 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, W.

Liu, B.

Liu, D.

Liu, H. H.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, “Ultrahigh sensitivity refractive index sensor based on optical microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1872–1874 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, N.

Liu, S.

Liu, T.

J. Shi, Y. Wang, D. Xu, T. Liu, W. Xu, C. Zhang, C. Yan, D. Yan, L. Tang, Y. He, and J. Yao, “Temperature Self-Compensation High-Resolution Refractive Index Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(20), 1743–1746 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.

J. Lu, D. Spasic, F. Delport, T. Van Stappen, I. Detrez, D. Daems, S. Vermeire, A. Gils, and J. Lammertyn, “Immunoassay for detection of infliximab in whole blood using a fiber-optic surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 89(6), 3664–3671 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, P.

Lu, Y.-Q.

J.-L. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y.-Q. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, “Microfiber-based Bragg gratings for sensing applications: a review,” Sensors (Basel) 12(7), 8861–8876 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, H.

Ma, Y.

Miao, C.

C. Zhang, S. Xu, J. Zhao, H. Li, H. Bai, and C. Miao, “Differential Intensity Modulation Refractometer Based on SNS Structure Cascaded Two FBGs,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Chen, and C. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, L. V.

X. Li, L. V. Nguyen, Y. Zhao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. C. Warren-Smith, “High-sensitivity Sagnac-interferometer biosensor based on exposed core microstructured optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B. 269, 103–109 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ni, W.

Peng, W.

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive Index and Temperature Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser with STCS Fiber Structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pilla, P.

Qi, L.

L. Qi, C.-L. Zhao, J. Yuan, M. Ye, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, and S. Jin, “Highly reflective long period fiber grating sensor and its application in refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B. 193, 185–189 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qiao, X.

Ran, Y.

L. Li, L. Xia, Y. Wuang, Y. Ran, C. Yang, and D. Liu, “Novel NCF-FBG interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(24), 2268–2271 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ren, G.

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive Index and Temperature Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser with STCS Fiber Structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rong, Q.

Shi, J.

J. Shi, Y. Wang, D. Xu, T. Liu, W. Xu, C. Zhang, C. Yan, D. Yan, L. Tang, Y. He, and J. Yao, “Temperature Self-Compensation High-Resolution Refractive Index Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(20), 1743–1746 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shum, P.

Spasic, D.

J. Lu, D. Spasic, F. Delport, T. Van Stappen, I. Detrez, D. Daems, S. Vermeire, A. Gils, and J. Lammertyn, “Immunoassay for detection of infliximab in whole blood using a fiber-optic surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 89(6), 3664–3671 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, B.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B. 208, 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, L.-P.

Sun, Q.

Tam, H.-Y.

Tang, L.

J. Shi, Y. Wang, D. Xu, T. Liu, W. Xu, C. Zhang, C. Yan, D. Yan, L. Tang, Y. He, and J. Yao, “Temperature Self-Compensation High-Resolution Refractive Index Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(20), 1743–1746 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.

Tian, J.

Tjin, S. C.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, “Ultrahigh sensitivity refractive index sensor based on optical microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1872–1874 (2012).
[Crossref]

Trono, C.

Van Stappen, T.

J. Lu, D. Spasic, F. Delport, T. Van Stappen, I. Detrez, D. Daems, S. Vermeire, A. Gils, and J. Lammertyn, “Immunoassay for detection of infliximab in whole blood using a fiber-optic surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 89(6), 3664–3671 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vermeire, S.

J. Lu, D. Spasic, F. Delport, T. Van Stappen, I. Detrez, D. Daems, S. Vermeire, A. Gils, and J. Lammertyn, “Immunoassay for detection of infliximab in whole blood using a fiber-optic surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 89(6), 3664–3671 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, B. T.

Q. Wang, B. T. Wang, L. X. Kong, and Y. Zhao, “Comparative Analyses of Bi-Tapered Fiber Mach-Zehnder Interferometer for Refractive Index Sensing,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 66(9), 2483–2489 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, D. N.

Wang, G.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B. 208, 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

J. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Chen, and C. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Qi, C.-L. Zhao, J. Yuan, M. Ye, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, and S. Jin, “Highly reflective long period fiber grating sensor and its application in refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B. 193, 185–189 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

Wang, M.

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, B. T. Wang, L. X. Kong, and Y. Zhao, “Comparative Analyses of Bi-Tapered Fiber Mach-Zehnder Interferometer for Refractive Index Sensing,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 66(9), 2483–2489 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, Z. Deng, and Q. Wang, “Fiber optic SPR sensor for liquid concentration measurement,” Sens. Actuators B. 192, 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, R.

Wang, S.

Wang, X. D.

X. D. Wang and O. S. Wolfbeis, “Fiber-Optic Chemical Sensors and Biosensors (2013-2015),” Anal. Chem. 88(1), 203–227 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

J. Shi, Y. Wang, D. Xu, T. Liu, W. Xu, C. Zhang, C. Yan, D. Yan, L. Tang, Y. He, and J. Yao, “Temperature Self-Compensation High-Resolution Refractive Index Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(20), 1743–1746 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B. 208, 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, D. N. Wang, C. R. Liao, T. Hu, J. Guo, and H. Wei, “Temperature-insensitive refractive index sensing by use of micro Fabry-Pérot cavity based on simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 38(3), 269–271 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Warren-Smith, S. C.

X. Li, L. V. Nguyen, Y. Zhao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. C. Warren-Smith, “High-sensitivity Sagnac-interferometer biosensor based on exposed core microstructured optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B. 269, 103–109 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wei, H.

Weng, Y.

Wo, J.

Wolfbeis, O. S.

X. D. Wang and O. S. Wolfbeis, “Fiber-Optic Chemical Sensors and Biosensors (2013-2015),” Anal. Chem. 88(1), 203–227 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, S.

Wu, Y.

Wuang, Y.

L. Li, L. Xia, Y. Wuang, Y. Ran, C. Yang, and D. Liu, “Novel NCF-FBG interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(24), 2268–2271 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xia, J.

Xia, L.

L. Li, L. Xia, Y. Wuang, Y. Ran, C. Yang, and D. Liu, “Novel NCF-FBG interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(24), 2268–2271 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, D.

J. Shi, Y. Wang, D. Xu, T. Liu, W. Xu, C. Zhang, C. Yan, D. Yan, L. Tang, Y. He, and J. Yao, “Temperature Self-Compensation High-Resolution Refractive Index Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(20), 1743–1746 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, F.

J.-L. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y.-Q. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, “Microfiber-based Bragg gratings for sensing applications: a review,” Sensors (Basel) 12(7), 8861–8876 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, S.

C. Zhang, S. Xu, J. Zhao, H. Li, H. Bai, and C. Miao, “Differential Intensity Modulation Refractometer Based on SNS Structure Cascaded Two FBGs,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, W.

J. Shi, Y. Wang, D. Xu, T. Liu, W. Xu, C. Zhang, C. Yan, D. Yan, L. Tang, Y. He, and J. Yao, “Temperature Self-Compensation High-Resolution Refractive Index Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(20), 1743–1746 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Chen, and C. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

Yan, C.

J. Shi, Y. Wang, D. Xu, T. Liu, W. Xu, C. Zhang, C. Yan, D. Yan, L. Tang, Y. He, and J. Yao, “Temperature Self-Compensation High-Resolution Refractive Index Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(20), 1743–1746 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yan, D.

J. Shi, Y. Wang, D. Xu, T. Liu, W. Xu, C. Zhang, C. Yan, D. Yan, L. Tang, Y. He, and J. Yao, “Temperature Self-Compensation High-Resolution Refractive Index Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(20), 1743–1746 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

L. Li, L. Xia, Y. Wuang, Y. Ran, C. Yang, and D. Liu, “Novel NCF-FBG interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(24), 2268–2271 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, H. Z.

H. Z. Yang, M. M. Ali, M. R. Islam, K.-S. Lim, D. S. Gunawardena, and H. Ahmad, “Cladless few mode fiber grating sensor for simultaneous refractive index and temperature measurement,” Sensor. Actuat. A. 228, 62–68 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yao, J.

J. Shi, Y. Wang, D. Xu, T. Liu, W. Xu, C. Zhang, C. Yan, D. Yan, L. Tang, Y. He, and J. Yao, “Temperature Self-Compensation High-Resolution Refractive Index Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(20), 1743–1746 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ye, M.

L. Qi, C.-L. Zhao, J. Yuan, M. Ye, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, and S. Jin, “Highly reflective long period fiber grating sensor and its application in refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B. 193, 185–189 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yin, B.

B. Yin, M. Wang, S. Wu, Y. Tang, S. Feng, Y. Wu, and H. Zhang, “Fiber ring laser based on MMF-PMFBG-MMF filter for three parameters sensing,” Opt. Express 25(25), 30946–30955 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive Index and Temperature Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser with STCS Fiber Structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yin, G.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B. 208, 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, X.

Yuan, J.

L. Qi, C.-L. Zhao, J. Yuan, M. Ye, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, and S. Jin, “Highly reflective long period fiber grating sensor and its application in refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B. 193, 185–189 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, S. Xu, J. Zhao, H. Li, H. Bai, and C. Miao, “Differential Intensity Modulation Refractometer Based on SNS Structure Cascaded Two FBGs,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Shi, Y. Wang, D. Xu, T. Liu, W. Xu, C. Zhang, C. Yan, D. Yan, L. Tang, Y. He, and J. Yao, “Temperature Self-Compensation High-Resolution Refractive Index Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(20), 1743–1746 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Chen, and C. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, Y.

Zhang, Z.

L. Qi, C.-L. Zhao, J. Yuan, M. Ye, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, and S. Jin, “Highly reflective long period fiber grating sensor and its application in refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B. 193, 185–189 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.-L.

L. Qi, C.-L. Zhao, J. Yuan, M. Ye, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, and S. Jin, “Highly reflective long period fiber grating sensor and its application in refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B. 193, 185–189 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

C. Zhang, S. Xu, J. Zhao, H. Li, H. Bai, and C. Miao, “Differential Intensity Modulation Refractometer Based on SNS Structure Cascaded Two FBGs,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Chen, and C. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B. 208, 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

X. Li, L. V. Nguyen, Y. Zhao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. C. Warren-Smith, “High-sensitivity Sagnac-interferometer biosensor based on exposed core microstructured optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B. 269, 103–109 (2018).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, B. T. Wang, L. X. Kong, and Y. Zhao, “Comparative Analyses of Bi-Tapered Fiber Mach-Zehnder Interferometer for Refractive Index Sensing,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 66(9), 2483–2489 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, Z. Deng, and Q. Wang, “Fiber optic SPR sensor for liquid concentration measurement,” Sens. Actuators B. 192, 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhong, X.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B. 208, 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B. 208, 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Anal. Bioanal. Chem. (1)

C. Caucheteur, T. Guo, and J. Albert, “Review of plasmonic fiber optic biochemical sensors: improving the limit of detection,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 407(14), 3883–3897 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (2)

X. D. Wang and O. S. Wolfbeis, “Fiber-Optic Chemical Sensors and Biosensors (2013-2015),” Anal. Chem. 88(1), 203–227 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lu, D. Spasic, F. Delport, T. Van Stappen, I. Detrez, D. Daems, S. Vermeire, A. Gils, and J. Lammertyn, “Immunoassay for detection of infliximab in whole blood using a fiber-optic surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 89(6), 3664–3671 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE Photonics J. (2)

C. Zhang, S. Xu, J. Zhao, H. Li, H. Bai, and C. Miao, “Differential Intensity Modulation Refractometer Based on SNS Structure Cascaded Two FBGs,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(3), 1–8 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, J. Wang, C. Zhang, C. Guo, H. Bai, W. Xu, L. Chen, and C. Miao, “Refractive Index Fiber Laser Sensor by Using Tunable Filter Based on No-Core Fiber,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (4)

L. Li, L. Xia, Y. Wuang, Y. Ran, C. Yang, and D. Liu, “Novel NCF-FBG interferometer for simultaneous measurement of refractive index and temperature,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(24), 2268–2271 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Shi, Y. Wang, D. Xu, T. Liu, W. Xu, C. Zhang, C. Yan, D. Yan, L. Tang, Y. He, and J. Yao, “Temperature Self-Compensation High-Resolution Refractive Index Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(20), 1743–1746 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Liang, G. Ren, B. Yin, W. Peng, X. Liang, and S. Jian, “Refractive Index and Temperature Sensor Based on Fiber Ring Laser with STCS Fiber Structure,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(21), 2201–2204 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, “Ultrahigh sensitivity refractive index sensor based on optical microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(20), 1872–1874 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

Q. Wang, B. T. Wang, L. X. Kong, and Y. Zhao, “Comparative Analyses of Bi-Tapered Fiber Mach-Zehnder Interferometer for Refractive Index Sensing,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 66(9), 2483–2489 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Sens. Actuators B. (4)

L. Qi, C.-L. Zhao, J. Yuan, M. Ye, J. Wang, Z. Zhang, and S. Jin, “Highly reflective long period fiber grating sensor and its application in refractive index sensing,” Sens. Actuators B. 193, 185–189 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, L. V. Nguyen, Y. Zhao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, and S. C. Warren-Smith, “High-sensitivity Sagnac-interferometer biosensor based on exposed core microstructured optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B. 269, 103–109 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, Y. Wang, C. Liao, B. Sun, J. He, G. Yin, S. Liu, Z. Li, G. Wang, X. Zhong, and J. Zhao, “Intensity modulated refractive index sensor based on optical fiber Michelson interferometer,” Sens. Actuators B. 208, 315–319 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, Z. Deng, and Q. Wang, “Fiber optic SPR sensor for liquid concentration measurement,” Sens. Actuators B. 192, 229–233 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sensor. Actuat. A. (1)

H. Z. Yang, M. M. Ali, M. R. Islam, K.-S. Lim, D. S. Gunawardena, and H. Ahmad, “Cladless few mode fiber grating sensor for simultaneous refractive index and temperature measurement,” Sensor. Actuat. A. 228, 62–68 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sensors (Basel) (1)

J.-L. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y.-Q. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, “Microfiber-based Bragg gratings for sensing applications: a review,” Sensors (Basel) 12(7), 8861–8876 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the SNHNS structure. Inset is the cross-section image of the hollow-core fiber.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Transmission spectrum of the SNHNS structure from 1530nm to 1590nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Principle diagram of the dual-wavelength laser sensor based on SNHNS interferometer for RI measurement.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Schematic diagram of cascaded dual-wavelength laser and SNHNS interferometer filter.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The transmission spectrum of two FBGs and the output optical spectra of dual-wavelength fiber laser via SNHNS interferometer or not.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) The measured output spectra of dual-wavelength fiber laser without SNHNS interferometer at 3-min interval during half one hour. (b) (c) The measured fluctuations of each laser output peak power and center wavelength at dual-wavelength operation during half one hour.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) The measured output spectra of dual-wavelength fiber laser via SNHNS interferometer at 3-min interval during half one hour. (b) (c) The measured fluctuations of each laser output peak power and center wavelength at dual-wavelength operation during half one hour.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) The output spectral evolution of the proposed sensor under different RI (from 1.330 to 1.384); (b) The relationship between each laser output power and RI; (c) The relationship between output power difference and RI; (d) The relationship between each laser wavelength shift and RI.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) The output spectral evolution of the proposed sensor under different temperature (from 15 to 60°C); (b) The relationship between each laser wavelength shift and temperature; (c) The relationship between each laser output power and temperature; (d) The relationship between output power difference and temperature.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of various optical RI sensors with intensity demodulation.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I= I f + I h,m +2 I f I h,m cos φ m
φ m = 2πΔ n eff m L λ
λ m = 2Δ n eff m L 2k
FSR= λ m λ m+1 = λ m λ m+1 Δ n eff L λ m 2 Δ n eff L
{ P( λ 1 )=S( λ 1 )[ A 1 ( λ 1 Δλ) A 1 ( λ 1 )] P( λ 2 )=S( λ 2 )[ A 2 ( λ 2 Δλ) A 2 ( λ 2 )]
{ Δ P λ 1 λ 2 = K R, λ 1 λ 2 ΔRI+ K T, λ 1 λ 2 ΔT Δ λ λ 1 = H T, λ 1 ΔT
( Δ P λ 1 λ 2 Δ λ λ 1 )=( K R, λ 1 λ 2 K T, λ 1 λ 2 0 H T, λ 1 )( ΔRI ΔT )=( 367.9 0.437 0 8.53× 10 3 )( ΔRI ΔT )

Metrics