Abstract

Mid-infrared cascaded stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) is experimentally investigated in an As-S optical fiber which is fabricated based on As38S62 and As36S64 glasses and whose fiber loss is ∼0.08 dB/m at1545 nm. Using a nanosecond laser operated at ∼1545 nm as the pump source, mid-infrared cascaded SRS up to eight orders is obtained in a 16 m As-S fiber. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of SRS of such high order in non-silica optical fibers, and it may contribute to developing tunable mid-infrared Raman fiber lasers using C-band pump sources.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2017 (2)

T. L. Cheng, W. Q. Gao, X. J. Xue, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Fourth-order cascaded Raman shift in a birefringence ZBLAN fluoride fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 36, 245–248 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. E. Robles, K. C. Zhou, M. C. Fischer, and W. S. Warren, “Stimulated Raman scattering spectroscopic optical coherence tomography,” Optica 4(2), 243–246 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (8)

K. Yin, B. Zhang, J. Yao, L. Yang, L. Li, and J. Hou, “High-Peak-Power Picosecond Fiber Laser at 2050 nm and Its Application to Cascaded Raman Light >2 μm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(10), 1119–1122 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, H. Jiang, X. Yang, W. Pan, and Y. Feng, “Ultra-wide wavelength tuning of a cascaded Raman random fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(2), 215–218 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22625 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. L. Cheng, T. Tuan, L. Liu, X. Xue, M. Matsumoto, H. Tezuka, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Fabrication of all-solid AsSe2–As2S5 microstructured optical fiber with two zero-dispersion wavelengths for generation of mid-infrared dispersive waves,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 022502 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. L. Cheng, W. Q. Gao, X. J. Xue, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Experimental investigation of multiple Raman peak properties in a hundred-meter tellurite fiber,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(11), 3438–3445 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Vieira, R. M. G. M. Trines, E. P. Alves, R. A. Fonseca, J. T. Mendonça, R. Bingham, P. Norreys, and L. O. Silva, “Amplification and generation of ultra-intense twisted laser pulses via stimulated Raman scattering,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10371 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Gao, T. Cheng, X. Xue, L. Liu, L. Zhang, M. Liao, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Stimulated Raman scattering in AsSe2-As2S5 chalcogenide microstructured optical fiber with all-solid core,” Opt. Express 24(4), 3278–3293 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yao, B. Zhang, K. Yin, L. Yang, J. Hou, and Q. Lu, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation based on cascaded Raman scattering in a few-mode As2S3 fiber pumped by a thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 24(13), 14717–14724 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I.D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I.S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nature Comm. 2, 6214 (2015).

G. Zhu, L. Geng, X. Zhu, L. Li, Q. Chen, R. A. Norwood, T. Manzur, and N. Peyghambarian, “Towards ten-watt-level 3-5 µm Raman lasers using tellurite fiber,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7559–7573 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

2013 (1)

H. Pourbeyram, G. P. Agrawal, and A. Mafi, “Stimulated Raman scattering cascade spanning the wavelength range of 523 to 1750nm using a graded-index multimode optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(20), 201107 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (4)

2010 (2)

2008 (2)

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Non-linear properties of chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2-9), 462–467 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Tuniz, G. Brawley, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, “Two-photon absorption effects on Raman gain in single mode As2Se3 chalcogenide glass fiber,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18524–18534 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

G. S. Qin, R. Jose, and Y. Ohishi, “Stimulated Raman scattering in tellurite glasses as a potential system for slow light generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093109 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, L. Leneindre, J. Lucas, A. Barthélémy, and C. De Angelis, “Chalcogenide glasses with large non- linear refractive indices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 139–142 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

M. Asobe, T. Kanamori, K. Naganuma, H. Itoh, and T. Kaino, “Third-order nonlinear spectroscopy in As2S3 chalcogenide glass fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(11), 5518–5523 (1995).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, and C. Lin, “Wideband frequency conversion in the UV by nine orders of stimulated Raman scattering in a XeCl laser pumped multimode silica fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 43(6), 517–518 (1983).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

M. Ikeda, “Stimulated Raman amplification characteristics in long span single-mode silica fibers,” Opt. Commun. 39(3), 148–152 (1981).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

L. Cohen and C. Lin, “A universal fiber-optic (UFO) measurement system based on a near-IR fiber Raman laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14(11), 855–859 (1978).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, and R. K. Jain, “A time-dispersion tuned fiber Raman oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30(7), 340–342 (1977).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

R. H. Stolen, E. P. Ippen, and A. R. Tynes, “Raman oscillation in glass optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 20(2), 62–64 (1972).
[Crossref]

1928 (1)

C. V. Raman, “A new radiation,” Indian J. Phys. 2, 387–398 (1928).

Adam, J. L.

Aggarwal, I. D.

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Non-linear properties of chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2-9), 462–467 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Lenz, J. Zimmermann, T. Katsufuji, M. E. Lines, H. Y. Hwang, S. Spälter, R. E. Slusher, S.-W. Cheong, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Large Kerr effect in bulk Se-based chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 25(4), 254–256 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Agrawal, G. P.

H. Pourbeyram, G. P. Agrawal, and A. Mafi, “Stimulated Raman scattering cascade spanning the wavelength range of 523 to 1750nm using a graded-index multimode optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(20), 201107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Aitken, B. G.

Alam, S.

Alves, E. P.

J. Vieira, R. M. G. M. Trines, E. P. Alves, R. A. Fonseca, J. T. Mendonça, R. Bingham, P. Norreys, and L. O. Silva, “Amplification and generation of ultra-intense twisted laser pulses via stimulated Raman scattering,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10371 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Antonopoulos, G.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Hydrogen-Filled Hollow-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Science 298(5592), 399–402 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anzueto-Sánchez, G.

S. D. Jackson and G. Anzueto-Sánchez, “Chalcogenide glass Raman fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(22), 221106 (2006).
[Crossref]

Asano, K.

T. Cheng, Y. Kanou, K. Asano, D. Deng, M. Liao, M. Matsumoto, T. Misumi, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Soliton self-frequency shift and dispersive wave in a hybrid four-hole AsSe2-As2S5 microstructured optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(12), 121911 (2014).
[Crossref]

Asobe, M.

M. Asobe, T. Kanamori, K. Naganuma, H. Itoh, and T. Kaino, “Third-order nonlinear spectroscopy in As2S3 chalcogenide glass fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(11), 5518–5523 (1995).
[Crossref]

Babin, S. A.

S. A. Babin, E. A. Zlobina, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, “High-order random Raman lasing in a PM fiber with ultimate efficiency and narrow bandwidth,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 22625 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I.D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I.S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nature Comm. 2, 6214 (2015).

Barthélémy, A.

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, L. Leneindre, J. Lucas, A. Barthélémy, and C. De Angelis, “Chalcogenide glasses with large non- linear refractive indices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 139–142 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bashkansky, M.

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Non-linear properties of chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2-9), 462–467 (2008).
[Crossref]

Benabid, F.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Hydrogen-Filled Hollow-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Science 298(5592), 399–402 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bernier, M.

Bingham, R.

J. Vieira, R. M. G. M. Trines, E. P. Alves, R. A. Fonseca, J. T. Mendonça, R. Bingham, P. Norreys, and L. O. Silva, “Amplification and generation of ultra-intense twisted laser pulses via stimulated Raman scattering,” Nat. Commun. 7, 10371 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bourdon, P.

Brawley, G.

Brilland, L.

Calvez, L.

Canat, G.

Carrier, J.

Chartier, T.

Chau, A. H. L.

Chen, K. K.

Chen, Q.

Cheng, T.

Cheng, T. L.

T. L. Cheng, W. Q. Gao, X. J. Xue, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Fourth-order cascaded Raman shift in a birefringence ZBLAN fluoride fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 36, 245–248 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. L. Cheng, W. Q. Gao, X. J. Xue, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Experimental investigation of multiple Raman peak properties in a hundred-meter tellurite fiber,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(11), 3438–3445 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. L. Cheng, T. Tuan, L. Liu, X. Xue, M. Matsumoto, H. Tezuka, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Fabrication of all-solid AsSe2–As2S5 microstructured optical fiber with two zero-dispersion wavelengths for generation of mid-infrared dispersive waves,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(2), 022502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cheong, S.-W.

Churkin, D. V.

D. V. Churkin, I. V. Kolokolov, E. V. Podivilov, I.D. Vatnik, M. A. Nikulin, S. S. Vergeles, I.S. Terekhov, V. V. Lebedev, G. Falkovich, S. A. Babin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Wave kinetics of random fibre lasers,” Nature Comm. 2, 6214 (2015).

Coen, S.

Cohen, L.

L. Cohen and C. Lin, “A universal fiber-optic (UFO) measurement system based on a near-IR fiber Raman laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14(11), 855–859 (1978).
[Crossref]

Coulombier, Q.

Currie, S. C.

De Angelis, C.

F. Smektala, C. Quemard, L. Leneindre, J. Lucas, A. Barthélémy, and C. De Angelis, “Chalcogenide glasses with large non- linear refractive indices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 139–142 (1998).
[Crossref]

Deng, D.

T. Cheng, Y. Kanou, K. Asano, D. Deng, M. Liao, M. Matsumoto, T. Misumi, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Soliton self-frequency shift and dispersive wave in a hybrid four-hole AsSe2-As2S5 microstructured optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(12), 121911 (2014).
[Crossref]

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Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Optica (1)

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Measured material dispersion of As38S62 glass.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Measured thermal expansion coefficient of As38S62 glass. (b) Measured As38S62 rod loss by cut-back technique within 2 ∼7 μm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Measured spontaneous Raman spectrum of the As38S62 bulk glass sample.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Cross-section of the As-S optical fiber. Insets are the As36S64 tube and As38S62 rod.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Calculated chromatic dispersion of the fundamental mode. (b) Calculated nonlinear coefficients from 1500 to 3500 nm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimental setup for investigating SRS generation in a 16 m As-S optical fiber. PC, polarization controller; FC, fiber collimator; AL, aspheric lens; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; FT-IR, Fourier-transform infrared.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Cascaded SRS in the 16 m As-S optical fiber at the average pump power of ∼1.6, 7.9, 10, 11.2, 13.4, 17.8, 25.8, 37.3 and 100 mW with a nanosecond laser operated at ∼1545 nm.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Individual Raman spectrum of R1, R2, R3 and R4 as a function of the average pump power.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Individual peak power (a) and spectral width (FWHM) (b) of R1, R2, R3 and R4 as functions of the input average pump power.

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