Abstract

In order to remarkably enhance its absorption capability, a tunable dual-band MoS2-based perfect absorber inspired by metal-insulator-metal (MIM) metamaterial is proposed. By using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations, dual-band perfect absorption peaks are realized in the visible light regime, and the absorptions of monolayer MoS2 are enhanced up to 57% and 80.5% at the peak wavelengths. By manipulating related structural parameters, the peak wavelengths of MoS2 absorption can be separately tuned in a wide wavelength range. Furthermore, the proposed absorber can tolerate a relatively wide range of incident angles and demonstrate polarization-dependence.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (2)

X. Gan, C. Zhao, S. Hu, T. Wang, Y. Song, J. Li, Q. Zhao, W. Jie, and J. Zhao, “Microwatts continuous-wave pumped second harmonic generation in few- and mono-layer GaSe,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 17126 (2018).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

2017 (14)

X. Fu, X. Tan, R. Yuan, and S. Chen, “A dual-potential electrochemiluminescence ratiometric sensor for sensitive detection of dopamine based on graphene-CdTe quantum dots and self-enhanced Ru(II) complex,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 90, 61–68 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. J. Shang, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, M. D. He, Q. Li, X. Luo, and H. G. Duan, “Asymmetric transmission and polarization conversion of linearly polarized waves with bilayer L-shaped metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(5), 052602 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. D. Liu, X. Zhai, S. X. Xia, Q. Lin, C. J. Zhao, and L. L. Wang, “Toroidal resonance based optical modulator employing hybrid graphene-dielectric metasurface,” Opt. Express 25(21), 26045–26054 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Wang, L. B. Bu, Y. Y. Chen, G. G. Zheng, X. J. Zou, L. H. Xu, and J. C. Wang, “Multiband enhanced absorption of monolayer graphene with attenuated total reflectance configuration and sensing application,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(1), 015102 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Y. Jiang, X. C. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Y. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Mittendorff, S. Li, and T. E. Murphy, “Graphene-Based Waveguide-Integrated Terahertz Modulator,” ACS Photonics 4(2), 316–321 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Cheng, B. Huang, X. Mao, Z. Zhang, Z. Zhang, Z. Geng, P. Xue, and H. Chen, “Frequency conversion with nonlinear graphene photodetectors,” Nanoscale 9(12), 4082–4089 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. J. Shang, X. Zhai, J. Yue, X. Luo, J. P. Liu, X. P. Zhu, H. G. Duan, and L. L. Wang, “Broad-band and high-efficiency polarization converters around 1550 nm based on composite structures,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14406–14413 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, T. Wang, S. Xiao, X. Yan, and L. Cheng, “Tunable ultra-high-efficiency light absorption of monolayer graphene using critical coupling with guided resonance,” Opt. Express 25(22), 27028–27036 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. X. Xia, X. Zhai, Y. Huang, J. Q. Liu, L. L. Wang, and S. C. Wen, “Multi-band perfect plasmonic absorptions using rectangular graphene gratings,” Opt. Lett. 42(15), 3052–3055 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. C. Huo, Y. Z. Liang, S. Zhang, and T. Xu, “Hybrid metasurface for broadband enhancing optical absorption and Raman spectroscopy of graphene,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(10), 3591–3597 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Li, M. Qin, L. Wang, X. Zhai, R. Ren, and J. Hu, “Total absorption of light in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides by critical coupling,” Opt. Express 25(25), 31612–31621 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Lu, X. Gan, D. Mao, Y. Fan, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Nearly perfect absorption of light in monolayer molybdenum disulfide supported by multilayer structures,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21630–21636 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Cao, J. Wang, G. Yang, Y. Lu, R. Sun, P. Yan, and S. Gao, “Enhancement of broad-band light absorption in monolayer MoS2 using Ag grating hybrid with distributed Bragg reflector,” Superlattices Microstruct. 110, 26–30 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (8)

C. Janisch, H. Song, C. Zhou, Z. Lin, A. L. Elías, D. Ji, M. Terrones, Q. Gan, and Z. Liu, “MoS2 monolayers on nanocavities: enhancement in light–matter interaction,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 025017 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Yu, V. Pruneri, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Active modulation of visible light with graphene-loaded ultrathin metal plasmonic antennas,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32144 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Bahauddin, H. Robatjazi, and I. Thomann, “Broadband absorption engineering to enhance light absorption in monolayer MoS2,” ACS Photonics 3(5), 853–862 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Li, L. Wang, and X. Zhai, “Tunable graphene-based mid-infrared plasmonic wide-angle narrowband perfect absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 36651 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, T. Li, Q. Chen, H. Zhang, J. F. O’Hara, E. Abele, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Independently tunable dual-band perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18463 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. F. Mak and J. Shan, “Photonics and optoelectronics of 2D semiconductor transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Photonics 10(4), 216–226 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wu, L. Jiang, J. Guo, X. Dai, Y. Xiang, and S. Wen, “Turnable perfect absorption at infrared frequencies by a Graphene-hBN Hyper Crystal,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17103–17114 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (4)

X. Luo, X. Zhai, L. Wang, and Q. Lin, “Narrow-band plasmonic filter based on graphene waveguide with asymmetrical structure,” Plasmonics 10(6), 1427–1431 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Cai, J. Zhu, and Q. H. Liu, “Tunable enhanced optical absorption of graphene using plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(4), 043105 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhao, Q. Guo, F. Xia, and H. Wang, “Two-dimensional materials for nanophotonics application,” Nanophotonics 4(1), 128 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Butun, S. Tongay, and K. Aydin, “Enhanced light emission from large-area monolayer MoS2 using plasmonic nanodisc arrays,” Nano Lett. 15(4), 2700–2704 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

Y. Li, A. Chernikov, X. Zhang, A. Rigosi, H. M. Hill, A. M. van der Zande, D. A. Chenet, E.-M. Shih, J. Hone, and T. F. Heinz, “Measurement of the optical dielectric function of monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides: MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 90(20), 205422 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Sobhani, A. Lauchner, S. Najmaei, C. Ayala-Orozco, F. Wen, J. Lou, and N. J. Halas, “Enhancing the photocurrent and photoluminescence of single crystal monolayer MoS2 with resonant plasmonic nanoshells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 031112 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. T. Liu, T. B. Wang, X. J. Li, and N. H. Liu, “Enhanced absorption of monolayer MoS2 with resonant back reflector,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(19), 193511 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Tran and L. Yang, “Scaling laws for the band gap and optical response of phosphorene nanoribbons,” Phys. Rev. B 89(24), 245407 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. J. Li, L. L. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. R. Huang, B. Sun, X. Zhai, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene-based mid-infrared, tunable, electrically controlled plasmonic filter,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(2), 024301 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

A. K. Geim and I. V. Grigorieva, “Van der Waals heterostructures,” Nature 499(7459), 419–425 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, S. Assefa, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlled Light–Matter Interaction in Graphene Electrooptic Devices Using Nanophotonic Cavities and Waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 95–105 (2013).

X. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Fai Mak, X. Yao, R. J. Shiue, A. van der Zande, M. E. Trusheim, F. Hatami, T. F. Heinz, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of monolayer MoS2 in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181119 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Lopez-Sanchez, D. Lembke, M. Kayci, A. Radenovic, and A. Kis, “Ultrasensitive photodetectors based on monolayer MoS2,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 8(7), 497–501 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bernardi, M. Palummo, and J. C. Grossman, “Extraordinary sunlight absorption and one nanometer thick photovoltaics using two-dimensional monolayer materials,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3664–3670 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (8)

D. J. Late, B. Liu, H. S. Matte, V. P. Dravid, and C. N. R. Rao, “Hysteresis in single-layer MoS2 field effect transistors,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5635–5641 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Moreau, C. Ciracì, J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, Q. Wang, B. J. Wiley, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Controlled-reflectance surfaces with film-coupled colloidal nanoantennas,” Nature 492(7427), 86–89 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Moreau, C. Ciracì, J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, Q. Wang, B. J. Wiley, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Controlled-reflectance surfaces with film-coupled colloidal nanoantennas,” Nature 492(7427), 86–89 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Complete Optical Absorption in Periodically Patterned Graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(4), 047401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong Enhancement of Light-Matter Interaction in Graphene Coupled to a Photonic Crystal,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Fang, Z. Liu, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Graphene-Antenna Sandwich Photodetector,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3808–3813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (7)

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 458 (2011).
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A. Vakil and N. Engheta, “Transformation Optics Using Graphene,” Science 332(6035), 1291–1294 (2011).
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M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
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A. Vakil and N. Engheta, “Transformation optics using graphene,” Science 332(6035), 1291–1294 (2011).
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F. Rana, “Plasmons get tuned up,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(10), 611–612 (2011).
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J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
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1998 (1)

J. D. Jackson, “Classical Electrodynamics,” Wiley,  52, 1–30 (1998).

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
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Abele, E.

Y. Zhang, T. Li, Q. Chen, H. Zhang, J. F. O’Hara, E. Abele, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Independently tunable dual-band perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18463 (2016).
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Ahmed, S.

J. W. Suk, A. Kitt, C. W. Magnuson, Y. Hao, S. Ahmed, J. An, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates,” ACS Nano 5(9), 6916–6924 (2011).
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Ajayan, P. M.

Z. Fang, Z. Liu, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Graphene-Antenna Sandwich Photodetector,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3808–3813 (2012).
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An, J.

J. W. Suk, A. Kitt, C. W. Magnuson, Y. Hao, S. Ahmed, J. An, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates,” ACS Nano 5(9), 6916–6924 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Assefa, S.

X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, S. Assefa, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlled Light–Matter Interaction in Graphene Electrooptic Devices Using Nanophotonic Cavities and Waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 95–105 (2013).

Ayala-Orozco, C.

A. Sobhani, A. Lauchner, S. Najmaei, C. Ayala-Orozco, F. Wen, J. Lou, and N. J. Halas, “Enhancing the photocurrent and photoluminescence of single crystal monolayer MoS2 with resonant plasmonic nanoshells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 031112 (2014).
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Aydin, K.

S. Butun, S. Tongay, and K. Aydin, “Enhanced light emission from large-area monolayer MoS2 using plasmonic nanodisc arrays,” Nano Lett. 15(4), 2700–2704 (2015).
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Azad, A. K.

Y. Zhang, T. Li, Q. Chen, H. Zhang, J. F. O’Hara, E. Abele, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Independently tunable dual-band perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18463 (2016).
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Bahauddin, S. M.

S. M. Bahauddin, H. Robatjazi, and I. Thomann, “Broadband absorption engineering to enhance light absorption in monolayer MoS2,” ACS Photonics 3(5), 853–862 (2016).
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Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
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Bernardi, M.

M. Bernardi, M. Palummo, and J. C. Grossman, “Extraordinary sunlight absorption and one nanometer thick photovoltaics using two-dimensional monolayer materials,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3664–3670 (2013).
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Britnell, L.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 458 (2011).
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Bu, L. B.

N. Wang, L. B. Bu, Y. Y. Chen, G. G. Zheng, X. J. Zou, L. H. Xu, and J. C. Wang, “Multiband enhanced absorption of monolayer graphene with attenuated total reflectance configuration and sensing application,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(1), 015102 (2017).
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Butun, S.

S. Butun, S. Tongay, and K. Aydin, “Enhanced light emission from large-area monolayer MoS2 using plasmonic nanodisc arrays,” Nano Lett. 15(4), 2700–2704 (2015).
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Cai, Y.

Y. Cai, J. Zhu, and Q. H. Liu, “Tunable enhanced optical absorption of graphene using plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(4), 043105 (2015).
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Cao, J.

J. Cao, J. Wang, G. Yang, Y. Lu, R. Sun, P. Yan, and S. Gao, “Enhancement of broad-band light absorption in monolayer MoS2 using Ag grating hybrid with distributed Bragg reflector,” Superlattices Microstruct. 110, 26–30 (2017).
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Chen, H.

C. Cheng, B. Huang, X. Mao, Z. Zhang, Z. Zhang, Z. Geng, P. Xue, and H. Chen, “Frequency conversion with nonlinear graphene photodetectors,” Nanoscale 9(12), 4082–4089 (2017).
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Chen, H. T.

Y. Zhang, T. Li, Q. Chen, H. Zhang, J. F. O’Hara, E. Abele, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Independently tunable dual-band perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18463 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Q.

Y. Zhang, T. Li, Q. Chen, H. Zhang, J. F. O’Hara, E. Abele, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Independently tunable dual-band perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18463 (2016).
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Chen, S.

X. Fu, X. Tan, R. Yuan, and S. Chen, “A dual-potential electrochemiluminescence ratiometric sensor for sensitive detection of dopamine based on graphene-CdTe quantum dots and self-enhanced Ru(II) complex,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 90, 61–68 (2017).
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Chen, Y. Y.

N. Wang, L. B. Bu, Y. Y. Chen, G. G. Zheng, X. J. Zou, L. H. Xu, and J. C. Wang, “Multiband enhanced absorption of monolayer graphene with attenuated total reflectance configuration and sensing application,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(1), 015102 (2017).
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Y. Li, A. Chernikov, X. Zhang, A. Rigosi, H. M. Hill, A. M. van der Zande, D. A. Chenet, E.-M. Shih, J. Hone, and T. F. Heinz, “Measurement of the optical dielectric function of monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides: MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 90(20), 205422 (2014).
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Cheng, C.

C. Cheng, B. Huang, X. Mao, Z. Zhang, Z. Zhang, Z. Geng, P. Xue, and H. Chen, “Frequency conversion with nonlinear graphene photodetectors,” Nanoscale 9(12), 4082–4089 (2017).
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Cheng, L.

S. Y. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Y. Jiang, X. C. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Y. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
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X. Jiang, T. Wang, S. Xiao, X. Yan, and L. Cheng, “Tunable ultra-high-efficiency light absorption of monolayer graphene using critical coupling with guided resonance,” Opt. Express 25(22), 27028–27036 (2017).
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Chernikov, A.

Y. Li, A. Chernikov, X. Zhang, A. Rigosi, H. M. Hill, A. M. van der Zande, D. A. Chenet, E.-M. Shih, J. Hone, and T. F. Heinz, “Measurement of the optical dielectric function of monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides: MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 90(20), 205422 (2014).
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Chilkoti, A.

A. Moreau, C. Ciracì, J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, Q. Wang, B. J. Wiley, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Controlled-reflectance surfaces with film-coupled colloidal nanoantennas,” Nature 492(7427), 86–89 (2012).
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A. Moreau, C. Ciracì, J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, Q. Wang, B. J. Wiley, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Controlled-reflectance surfaces with film-coupled colloidal nanoantennas,” Nature 492(7427), 86–89 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
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Ciracì, C.

A. Moreau, C. Ciracì, J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, Q. Wang, B. J. Wiley, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Controlled-reflectance surfaces with film-coupled colloidal nanoantennas,” Nature 492(7427), 86–89 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Moreau, C. Ciracì, J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, Q. Wang, B. J. Wiley, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Controlled-reflectance surfaces with film-coupled colloidal nanoantennas,” Nature 492(7427), 86–89 (2012).
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Coleman, J. N.

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
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Dai, X.

Dravid, V. P.

D. J. Late, B. Liu, H. S. Matte, V. P. Dravid, and C. N. R. Rao, “Hysteresis in single-layer MoS2 field effect transistors,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5635–5641 (2012).
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Duan, H. G.

X. J. Shang, X. Zhai, J. Yue, X. Luo, J. P. Liu, X. P. Zhu, H. G. Duan, and L. L. Wang, “Broad-band and high-efficiency polarization converters around 1550 nm based on composite structures,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14406–14413 (2017).
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X. J. Shang, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, M. D. He, Q. Li, X. Luo, and H. G. Duan, “Asymmetric transmission and polarization conversion of linearly polarized waves with bilayer L-shaped metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(5), 052602 (2017).
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Echtermeyer, T. J.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 458 (2011).
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Elías, A. L.

C. Janisch, H. Song, C. Zhou, Z. Lin, A. L. Elías, D. Ji, M. Terrones, Q. Gan, and Z. Liu, “MoS2 monolayers on nanocavities: enhancement in light–matter interaction,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 025017 (2016).
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Engheta, N.

A. Vakil and N. Engheta, “Transformation Optics Using Graphene,” Science 332(6035), 1291–1294 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Vakil and N. Engheta, “Transformation optics using graphene,” Science 332(6035), 1291–1294 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Englund, D.

X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, S. Assefa, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlled Light–Matter Interaction in Graphene Electrooptic Devices Using Nanophotonic Cavities and Waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 95–105 (2013).

X. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Fai Mak, X. Yao, R. J. Shiue, A. van der Zande, M. E. Trusheim, F. Hatami, T. F. Heinz, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of monolayer MoS2 in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181119 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong Enhancement of Light-Matter Interaction in Graphene Coupled to a Photonic Crystal,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fai Mak, K.

X. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Fai Mak, X. Yao, R. J. Shiue, A. van der Zande, M. E. Trusheim, F. Hatami, T. F. Heinz, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of monolayer MoS2 in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181119 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, Y.

Fang, Z.

Z. Fang, Z. Liu, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Graphene-Antenna Sandwich Photodetector,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3808–3813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferrari, A. C.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, X.

X. Fu, X. Tan, R. Yuan, and S. Chen, “A dual-potential electrochemiluminescence ratiometric sensor for sensitive detection of dopamine based on graphene-CdTe quantum dots and self-enhanced Ru(II) complex,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 90, 61–68 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gan, Q.

C. Janisch, H. Song, C. Zhou, Z. Lin, A. L. Elías, D. Ji, M. Terrones, Q. Gan, and Z. Liu, “MoS2 monolayers on nanocavities: enhancement in light–matter interaction,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 025017 (2016).
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Gan, X.

X. Gan, C. Zhao, S. Hu, T. Wang, Y. Song, J. Li, Q. Zhao, W. Jie, and J. Zhao, “Microwatts continuous-wave pumped second harmonic generation in few- and mono-layer GaSe,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 17126 (2018).
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H. Lu, X. Gan, D. Mao, Y. Fan, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Nearly perfect absorption of light in monolayer molybdenum disulfide supported by multilayer structures,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21630–21636 (2017).
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X. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Fai Mak, X. Yao, R. J. Shiue, A. van der Zande, M. E. Trusheim, F. Hatami, T. F. Heinz, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of monolayer MoS2 in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181119 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, S. Assefa, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlled Light–Matter Interaction in Graphene Electrooptic Devices Using Nanophotonic Cavities and Waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 95–105 (2013).

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong Enhancement of Light-Matter Interaction in Graphene Coupled to a Photonic Crystal,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, S.

J. Cao, J. Wang, G. Yang, Y. Lu, R. Sun, P. Yan, and S. Gao, “Enhancement of broad-band light absorption in monolayer MoS2 using Ag grating hybrid with distributed Bragg reflector,” Superlattices Microstruct. 110, 26–30 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y.

X. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Fai Mak, X. Yao, R. J. Shiue, A. van der Zande, M. E. Trusheim, F. Hatami, T. F. Heinz, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of monolayer MoS2 in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181119 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, S. Assefa, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlled Light–Matter Interaction in Graphene Electrooptic Devices Using Nanophotonic Cavities and Waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 95–105 (2013).

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong Enhancement of Light-Matter Interaction in Graphene Coupled to a Photonic Crystal,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

García de Abajo, F. J.

R. Yu, V. Pruneri, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Active modulation of visible light with graphene-loaded ultrathin metal plasmonic antennas,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32144 (2016).
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S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Complete Optical Absorption in Periodically Patterned Graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(4), 047401 (2012).
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Geim, A. K.

A. K. Geim and I. V. Grigorieva, “Van der Waals heterostructures,” Nature 499(7459), 419–425 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geng, B.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geng, Z.

C. Cheng, B. Huang, X. Mao, Z. Zhang, Z. Zhang, Z. Geng, P. Xue, and H. Chen, “Frequency conversion with nonlinear graphene photodetectors,” Nanoscale 9(12), 4082–4089 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goldberg, B. B.

J. W. Suk, A. Kitt, C. W. Magnuson, Y. Hao, S. Ahmed, J. An, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates,” ACS Nano 5(9), 6916–6924 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gorbachev, R. V.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grigorenko, A. N.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grigorieva, I. V.

A. K. Geim and I. V. Grigorieva, “Van der Waals heterostructures,” Nature 499(7459), 419–425 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grossman, J. C.

M. Bernardi, M. Palummo, and J. C. Grossman, “Extraordinary sunlight absorption and one nanometer thick photovoltaics using two-dimensional monolayer materials,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3664–3670 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, J.

Guo, Q.

H. Zhao, Q. Guo, F. Xia, and H. Wang, “Two-dimensional materials for nanophotonics application,” Nanophotonics 4(1), 128 (2015).
[Crossref]

Halas, N. J.

A. Sobhani, A. Lauchner, S. Najmaei, C. Ayala-Orozco, F. Wen, J. Lou, and N. J. Halas, “Enhancing the photocurrent and photoluminescence of single crystal monolayer MoS2 with resonant plasmonic nanoshells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 031112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Fang, Z. Liu, Y. Wang, P. M. Ajayan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Graphene-Antenna Sandwich Photodetector,” Nano Lett. 12(7), 3808–3813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, X.

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hao, Y.

J. W. Suk, A. Kitt, C. W. Magnuson, Y. Hao, S. Ahmed, J. An, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates,” ACS Nano 5(9), 6916–6924 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hatami, F.

X. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Fai Mak, X. Yao, R. J. Shiue, A. van der Zande, M. E. Trusheim, F. Hatami, T. F. Heinz, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of monolayer MoS2 in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181119 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong Enhancement of Light-Matter Interaction in Graphene Coupled to a Photonic Crystal,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, M. D.

X. J. Shang, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, M. D. He, Q. Li, X. Luo, and H. G. Duan, “Asymmetric transmission and polarization conversion of linearly polarized waves with bilayer L-shaped metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(5), 052602 (2017).
[Crossref]

Heinz, T. F.

Y. Li, A. Chernikov, X. Zhang, A. Rigosi, H. M. Hill, A. M. van der Zande, D. A. Chenet, E.-M. Shih, J. Hone, and T. F. Heinz, “Measurement of the optical dielectric function of monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides: MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 90(20), 205422 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Fai Mak, X. Yao, R. J. Shiue, A. van der Zande, M. E. Trusheim, F. Hatami, T. F. Heinz, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of monolayer MoS2 in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181119 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong Enhancement of Light-Matter Interaction in Graphene Coupled to a Photonic Crystal,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hill, H. M.

Y. Li, A. Chernikov, X. Zhang, A. Rigosi, H. M. Hill, A. M. van der Zande, D. A. Chenet, E.-M. Shih, J. Hone, and T. F. Heinz, “Measurement of the optical dielectric function of monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides: MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 90(20), 205422 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hill, R. T.

A. Moreau, C. Ciracì, J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, Q. Wang, B. J. Wiley, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Controlled-reflectance surfaces with film-coupled colloidal nanoantennas,” Nature 492(7427), 86–89 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Moreau, C. Ciracì, J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, Q. Wang, B. J. Wiley, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Controlled-reflectance surfaces with film-coupled colloidal nanoantennas,” Nature 492(7427), 86–89 (2012).
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Y. Zhang, T. Li, Q. Chen, H. Zhang, J. F. O’Hara, E. Abele, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Independently tunable dual-band perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18463 (2016).
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C. Janisch, H. Song, C. Zhou, Z. Lin, A. L. Elías, D. Ji, M. Terrones, Q. Gan, and Z. Liu, “MoS2 monolayers on nanocavities: enhancement in light–matter interaction,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 025017 (2016).
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Thomann, I.

S. M. Bahauddin, H. Robatjazi, and I. Thomann, “Broadband absorption engineering to enhance light absorption in monolayer MoS2,” ACS Photonics 3(5), 853–862 (2016).
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S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Complete Optical Absorption in Periodically Patterned Graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(4), 047401 (2012).
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S. Butun, S. Tongay, and K. Aydin, “Enhanced light emission from large-area monolayer MoS2 using plasmonic nanodisc arrays,” Nano Lett. 15(4), 2700–2704 (2015).
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V. Tran and L. Yang, “Scaling laws for the band gap and optical response of phosphorene nanoribbons,” Phys. Rev. B 89(24), 245407 (2014).
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Trusheim, M. E.

X. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Fai Mak, X. Yao, R. J. Shiue, A. van der Zande, M. E. Trusheim, F. Hatami, T. F. Heinz, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of monolayer MoS2 in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181119 (2013).
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Ulin-Avila, E.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
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A. Vakil and N. Engheta, “Transformation Optics Using Graphene,” Science 332(6035), 1291–1294 (2011).
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A. Vakil and N. Engheta, “Transformation optics using graphene,” Science 332(6035), 1291–1294 (2011).
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X. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Fai Mak, X. Yao, R. J. Shiue, A. van der Zande, M. E. Trusheim, F. Hatami, T. F. Heinz, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of monolayer MoS2 in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181119 (2013).
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van der Zande, A. M.

Y. Li, A. Chernikov, X. Zhang, A. Rigosi, H. M. Hill, A. M. van der Zande, D. A. Chenet, E.-M. Shih, J. Hone, and T. F. Heinz, “Measurement of the optical dielectric function of monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides: MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 90(20), 205422 (2014).
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S. Y. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Y. Jiang, X. C. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Y. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
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M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
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H. Zhao, Q. Guo, F. Xia, and H. Wang, “Two-dimensional materials for nanophotonics application,” Nanophotonics 4(1), 128 (2015).
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J. Cao, J. Wang, G. Yang, Y. Lu, R. Sun, P. Yan, and S. Gao, “Enhancement of broad-band light absorption in monolayer MoS2 using Ag grating hybrid with distributed Bragg reflector,” Superlattices Microstruct. 110, 26–30 (2017).
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N. Wang, L. B. Bu, Y. Y. Chen, G. G. Zheng, X. J. Zou, L. H. Xu, and J. C. Wang, “Multiband enhanced absorption of monolayer graphene with attenuated total reflectance configuration and sensing application,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(1), 015102 (2017).
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Wang, L.

H. Li, M. Qin, L. Wang, X. Zhai, R. Ren, and J. Hu, “Total absorption of light in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides by critical coupling,” Opt. Express 25(25), 31612–31621 (2017).
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H. Li, L. Wang, and X. Zhai, “Tunable graphene-based mid-infrared plasmonic wide-angle narrowband perfect absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 36651 (2016).
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X. Luo, X. Zhai, L. Wang, and Q. Lin, “Narrow-band plasmonic filter based on graphene waveguide with asymmetrical structure,” Plasmonics 10(6), 1427–1431 (2015).
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Wang, L. L.

Wang, N.

N. Wang, L. B. Bu, Y. Y. Chen, G. G. Zheng, X. J. Zou, L. H. Xu, and J. C. Wang, “Multiband enhanced absorption of monolayer graphene with attenuated total reflectance configuration and sensing application,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(1), 015102 (2017).
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A. Moreau, C. Ciracì, J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, Q. Wang, B. J. Wiley, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Controlled-reflectance surfaces with film-coupled colloidal nanoantennas,” Nature 492(7427), 86–89 (2012).
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A. Moreau, C. Ciracì, J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, Q. Wang, B. J. Wiley, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Controlled-reflectance surfaces with film-coupled colloidal nanoantennas,” Nature 492(7427), 86–89 (2012).
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Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
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X. Gan, C. Zhao, S. Hu, T. Wang, Y. Song, J. Li, Q. Zhao, W. Jie, and J. Zhao, “Microwatts continuous-wave pumped second harmonic generation in few- and mono-layer GaSe,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 17126 (2018).
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S. Y. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Y. Jiang, X. C. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Y. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
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X. Jiang, T. Wang, S. Xiao, X. Yan, and L. Cheng, “Tunable ultra-high-efficiency light absorption of monolayer graphene using critical coupling with guided resonance,” Opt. Express 25(22), 27028–27036 (2017).
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S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
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J. T. Liu, T. B. Wang, X. J. Li, and N. H. Liu, “Enhanced absorption of monolayer MoS2 with resonant back reflector,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(19), 193511 (2014).
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A. Sobhani, A. Lauchner, S. Najmaei, C. Ayala-Orozco, F. Wen, J. Lou, and N. J. Halas, “Enhancing the photocurrent and photoluminescence of single crystal monolayer MoS2 with resonant plasmonic nanoshells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 031112 (2014).
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Wen, S.

Wen, S. C.

S. X. Xia, X. Zhai, Y. Huang, J. Q. Liu, L. L. Wang, and S. C. Wen, “Multi-band perfect plasmonic absorptions using rectangular graphene gratings,” Opt. Lett. 42(15), 3052–3055 (2017).
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H. J. Li, L. L. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. R. Huang, B. Sun, X. Zhai, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene-based mid-infrared, tunable, electrically controlled plasmonic filter,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(2), 024301 (2014).
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Wiley, B. J.

A. Moreau, C. Ciracì, J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, Q. Wang, B. J. Wiley, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Controlled-reflectance surfaces with film-coupled colloidal nanoantennas,” Nature 492(7427), 86–89 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Moreau, C. Ciracì, J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, Q. Wang, B. J. Wiley, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Controlled-reflectance surfaces with film-coupled colloidal nanoantennas,” Nature 492(7427), 86–89 (2012).
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Wu, J.

Xia, F.

H. Zhao, Q. Guo, F. Xia, and H. Wang, “Two-dimensional materials for nanophotonics application,” Nanophotonics 4(1), 128 (2015).
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Xia, S. X.

Xiang, Y.

Xiao, S.

X. Jiang, T. Wang, S. Xiao, X. Yan, and L. Cheng, “Tunable ultra-high-efficiency light absorption of monolayer graphene using critical coupling with guided resonance,” Opt. Express 25(22), 27028–27036 (2017).
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S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
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Xiao, S. Y.

S. Y. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Y. Jiang, X. C. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Y. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
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Xu, C.

S. Y. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Y. Jiang, X. C. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Y. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
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S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
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Xu, L. H.

N. Wang, L. B. Bu, Y. Y. Chen, G. G. Zheng, X. J. Zou, L. H. Xu, and J. C. Wang, “Multiband enhanced absorption of monolayer graphene with attenuated total reflectance configuration and sensing application,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(1), 015102 (2017).
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Xu, T.

Xue, P.

C. Cheng, B. Huang, X. Mao, Z. Zhang, Z. Zhang, Z. Geng, P. Xue, and H. Chen, “Frequency conversion with nonlinear graphene photodetectors,” Nanoscale 9(12), 4082–4089 (2017).
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Yan, P.

J. Cao, J. Wang, G. Yang, Y. Lu, R. Sun, P. Yan, and S. Gao, “Enhancement of broad-band light absorption in monolayer MoS2 using Ag grating hybrid with distributed Bragg reflector,” Superlattices Microstruct. 110, 26–30 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yan, X.

X. Jiang, T. Wang, S. Xiao, X. Yan, and L. Cheng, “Tunable ultra-high-efficiency light absorption of monolayer graphene using critical coupling with guided resonance,” Opt. Express 25(22), 27028–27036 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
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Yan, X. C.

S. Y. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Y. Jiang, X. C. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Y. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
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Yang, D.

Yang, G.

J. Cao, J. Wang, G. Yang, Y. Lu, R. Sun, P. Yan, and S. Gao, “Enhancement of broad-band light absorption in monolayer MoS2 using Ag grating hybrid with distributed Bragg reflector,” Superlattices Microstruct. 110, 26–30 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

V. Tran and L. Yang, “Scaling laws for the band gap and optical response of phosphorene nanoribbons,” Phys. Rev. B 89(24), 245407 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yao, X.

X. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Fai Mak, X. Yao, R. J. Shiue, A. van der Zande, M. E. Trusheim, F. Hatami, T. F. Heinz, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of monolayer MoS2 in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181119 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, X.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
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You, Y.

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong Enhancement of Light-Matter Interaction in Graphene Coupled to a Photonic Crystal,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
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Yu, R.

R. Yu, V. Pruneri, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Active modulation of visible light with graphene-loaded ultrathin metal plasmonic antennas,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 32144 (2016).
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Yu, Z. Y.

Yuan, R.

X. Fu, X. Tan, R. Yuan, and S. Chen, “A dual-potential electrochemiluminescence ratiometric sensor for sensitive detection of dopamine based on graphene-CdTe quantum dots and self-enhanced Ru(II) complex,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 90, 61–68 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yue, J.

Zentgraf, T.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhai, X.

X. J. Shang, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, M. D. He, Q. Li, X. Luo, and H. G. Duan, “Asymmetric transmission and polarization conversion of linearly polarized waves with bilayer L-shaped metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(5), 052602 (2017).
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X. J. Shang, X. Zhai, J. Yue, X. Luo, J. P. Liu, X. P. Zhu, H. G. Duan, and L. L. Wang, “Broad-band and high-efficiency polarization converters around 1550 nm based on composite structures,” Opt. Express 25(13), 14406–14413 (2017).
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S. X. Xia, X. Zhai, Y. Huang, J. Q. Liu, L. L. Wang, and S. C. Wen, “Multi-band perfect plasmonic absorptions using rectangular graphene gratings,” Opt. Lett. 42(15), 3052–3055 (2017).
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G. D. Liu, X. Zhai, S. X. Xia, Q. Lin, C. J. Zhao, and L. L. Wang, “Toroidal resonance based optical modulator employing hybrid graphene-dielectric metasurface,” Opt. Express 25(21), 26045–26054 (2017).
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H. Li, M. Qin, L. Wang, X. Zhai, R. Ren, and J. Hu, “Total absorption of light in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides by critical coupling,” Opt. Express 25(25), 31612–31621 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, L. Wang, and X. Zhai, “Tunable graphene-based mid-infrared plasmonic wide-angle narrowband perfect absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 36651 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Luo, X. Zhai, L. Wang, and Q. Lin, “Narrow-band plasmonic filter based on graphene waveguide with asymmetrical structure,” Plasmonics 10(6), 1427–1431 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. J. Li, L. L. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. R. Huang, B. Sun, X. Zhai, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene-based mid-infrared, tunable, electrically controlled plasmonic filter,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(2), 024301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Y. Zhang, T. Li, Q. Chen, H. Zhang, J. F. O’Hara, E. Abele, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Independently tunable dual-band perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18463 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Li, L. L. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. R. Huang, B. Sun, X. Zhai, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene-based mid-infrared, tunable, electrically controlled plasmonic filter,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(2), 024301 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, X.

Y. Li, A. Chernikov, X. Zhang, A. Rigosi, H. M. Hill, A. M. van der Zande, D. A. Chenet, E.-M. Shih, J. Hone, and T. F. Heinz, “Measurement of the optical dielectric function of monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides: MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 90(20), 205422 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, T. Li, Q. Chen, H. Zhang, J. F. O’Hara, E. Abele, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, and A. K. Azad, “Independently tunable dual-band perfect absorber based on graphene at mid-infrared frequencies,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18463 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

C. Cheng, B. Huang, X. Mao, Z. Zhang, Z. Zhang, Z. Geng, P. Xue, and H. Chen, “Frequency conversion with nonlinear graphene photodetectors,” Nanoscale 9(12), 4082–4089 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Cheng, B. Huang, X. Mao, Z. Zhang, Z. Zhang, Z. Geng, P. Xue, and H. Chen, “Frequency conversion with nonlinear graphene photodetectors,” Nanoscale 9(12), 4082–4089 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z. J.

Zhao, C.

X. Gan, C. Zhao, S. Hu, T. Wang, Y. Song, J. Li, Q. Zhao, W. Jie, and J. Zhao, “Microwatts continuous-wave pumped second harmonic generation in few- and mono-layer GaSe,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 17126 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, H.

H. Zhao, Q. Guo, F. Xia, and H. Wang, “Two-dimensional materials for nanophotonics application,” Nanophotonics 4(1), 128 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

X. Gan, C. Zhao, S. Hu, T. Wang, Y. Song, J. Li, Q. Zhao, W. Jie, and J. Zhao, “Microwatts continuous-wave pumped second harmonic generation in few- and mono-layer GaSe,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 17126 (2018).
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H. Lu, X. Gan, D. Mao, Y. Fan, D. Yang, and J. Zhao, “Nearly perfect absorption of light in monolayer molybdenum disulfide supported by multilayer structures,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21630–21636 (2017).
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Zhao, Q.

X. Gan, C. Zhao, S. Hu, T. Wang, Y. Song, J. Li, Q. Zhao, W. Jie, and J. Zhao, “Microwatts continuous-wave pumped second harmonic generation in few- and mono-layer GaSe,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 17126 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zheng, G. G.

N. Wang, L. B. Bu, Y. Y. Chen, G. G. Zheng, X. J. Zou, L. H. Xu, and J. C. Wang, “Multiband enhanced absorption of monolayer graphene with attenuated total reflectance configuration and sensing application,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(1), 015102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, C.

C. Janisch, H. Song, C. Zhou, Z. Lin, A. L. Elías, D. Ji, M. Terrones, Q. Gan, and Z. Liu, “MoS2 monolayers on nanocavities: enhancement in light–matter interaction,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 025017 (2016).
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J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
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Zhu, J.

Y. Cai, J. Zhu, and Q. H. Liu, “Tunable enhanced optical absorption of graphene using plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(4), 043105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X. P.

Zou, X. J.

N. Wang, L. B. Bu, Y. Y. Chen, G. G. Zheng, X. J. Zou, L. H. Xu, and J. C. Wang, “Multiband enhanced absorption of monolayer graphene with attenuated total reflectance configuration and sensing application,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(1), 015102 (2017).
[Crossref]

2D Mater. (1)

C. Janisch, H. Song, C. Zhou, Z. Lin, A. L. Elías, D. Ji, M. Terrones, Q. Gan, and Z. Liu, “MoS2 monolayers on nanocavities: enhancement in light–matter interaction,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 025017 (2016).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (3)

D. J. Late, B. Liu, H. S. Matte, V. P. Dravid, and C. N. R. Rao, “Hysteresis in single-layer MoS2 field effect transistors,” ACS Nano 6(6), 5635–5641 (2012).
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J. W. Suk, A. Kitt, C. W. Magnuson, Y. Hao, S. Ahmed, J. An, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates,” ACS Nano 5(9), 6916–6924 (2011).
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Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS Nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
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ACS Photonics (2)

M. Mittendorff, S. Li, and T. E. Murphy, “Graphene-Based Waveguide-Integrated Terahertz Modulator,” ACS Photonics 4(2), 316–321 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. M. Bahauddin, H. Robatjazi, and I. Thomann, “Broadband absorption engineering to enhance light absorption in monolayer MoS2,” ACS Photonics 3(5), 853–862 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (3)

H. J. Li, L. L. Wang, H. Zhang, Z. R. Huang, B. Sun, X. Zhai, and S. C. Wen, “Graphene-based mid-infrared, tunable, electrically controlled plasmonic filter,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(2), 024301 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Wang, L. B. Bu, Y. Y. Chen, G. G. Zheng, X. J. Zou, L. H. Xu, and J. C. Wang, “Multiband enhanced absorption of monolayer graphene with attenuated total reflectance configuration and sensing application,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(1), 015102 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. J. Shang, X. Zhai, L. L. Wang, M. D. He, Q. Li, X. Luo, and H. G. Duan, “Asymmetric transmission and polarization conversion of linearly polarized waves with bilayer L-shaped metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Express 10(5), 052602 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Y. Cai, J. Zhu, and Q. H. Liu, “Tunable enhanced optical absorption of graphene using plasmonic perfect absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(4), 043105 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Sobhani, A. Lauchner, S. Najmaei, C. Ayala-Orozco, F. Wen, J. Lou, and N. J. Halas, “Enhancing the photocurrent and photoluminescence of single crystal monolayer MoS2 with resonant plasmonic nanoshells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(3), 031112 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Gan, Y. Gao, K. Fai Mak, X. Yao, R. J. Shiue, A. van der Zande, M. E. Trusheim, F. Hatami, T. F. Heinz, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of monolayer MoS2 in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181119 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (1)

X. Fu, X. Tan, R. Yuan, and S. Chen, “A dual-potential electrochemiluminescence ratiometric sensor for sensitive detection of dopamine based on graphene-CdTe quantum dots and self-enhanced Ru(II) complex,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 90, 61–68 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, S. Assefa, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Controlled Light–Matter Interaction in Graphene Electrooptic Devices Using Nanophotonic Cavities and Waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 95–105 (2013).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. T. Liu, T. B. Wang, X. J. Li, and N. H. Liu, “Enhanced absorption of monolayer MoS2 with resonant back reflector,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(19), 193511 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Y. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Y. Jiang, X. C. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Y. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of the MoS2-based perfect absorber with dimensions specified.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Absorption of proposed MoS2-based absorber and monolayer MoS2 in the system under illumination of s-polarized and p-polarized normal incident light, respectively, where W = 300nm, P = 800nm, t = 15nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Contour profiles of normalized field of the proposed MoS2-based absorber for p-polarized light. (a) Electric field and (b) magnetic field at λ1 = 560 nm. (c) Electric field and (d) magnetic field at λ2 = 672 nm. (e) Electric field and (f) magnetic field at λ3 = 500 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Light absorption of monolayer MoS2 under normal incident p-polarized light with different (a) widths W and (b) periods P of silver nanoribbons, respectively. The other parameters are the same as Fig. 2.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Light absorption of monolayer MoS2 under normal incident p-polarized light with different thicknesses (a) t and (b) DS, respectively. The other parameters are the same as Fig. 2.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Light absorption of monolayer MoS2 as a function of the wavelength and angle of incidence under p-polarized light. The other parameters are the same as Fig. 2.

Equations (1)

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A(λ)= 4πc λ ·Re(N)·Im(N)· V l | E l | 2 d V l

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