Abstract

Spectral engineering has been demonstrated for the circular-side square microlasers with an output waveguide butt-coupled to one vertex. By carefully optimizing deformation parameter and waveguide connection angle, undesired high-order transverse modes are suppressed while the mode Q factors and the transverse-mode intervals are enhanced simultaneously for the low-order transverse modes. Dual-mode lasing with pure lasing spectra is realized experimentally for the circular-side square microlasers with side lengths of 16 μm, and the transverse mode intervals can be adjusted from 0.54 to 5.4 nm by changing the deformation parameter. Due to the enhanced mode confinement, single-mode lasing with a side-mode suppression-ratio of 36 dB is achieved for a 10μm-side-length circular-side square microlaser with a 1.5μm-wide waveguide.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]

2017 (3)

F. X. Gu, F. M. Xie, X. Lin, S. Y. Linghu, W. Fang, H. P. Zeng, L. M. Tong, and S. L. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Z. Weng, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, X. W. Ma, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Mode Q factor and lasing spectrum controls for deformed square resonator microlasers with circular sides,” Phys. Rev. A 95(1), 013883 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Z. Weng, O. Wada, J. Y. Han, J. L. Xiao, Y. D. Yang, Y. Z. Huang, J. Li, B. Xiong, C. Z. Sun, and Y. Luo, “Sub-THz wave generation based on a dual wavelength microsquare laser,” Electron. Lett. 53(14), 939–941 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

Y. D. Yang and Y. Z. Huang, “Mode characteristics and directional emission for square microcavity lasers,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 49(25), 253001 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (2)

L. Feng, Z. J. Wong, R. M. Ma, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Single-mode laser by parity-time symmetry breaking,” Science 346(6212), 972–975 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Lee, Q. Wang, Y. Lai, D. K. T. Ng, and S. K. Ng, “Continuous-wave InP-InGaAsP microsquare laser-a comparison to microdisk Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(24), 2442–2445 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, F. J. Shu, X. W. Wu, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “High-Q and unidirectional emission whispering gallery modes: Principles and design,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 9000406 (2013).

2012 (3)

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. F. Jiang, Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, L. He, C. H. Dong, B. B. Li, Y. Li, F. W. Sun, L. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Highly unidirectional emission and ultralow-threshold lasing from on-chip ultrahigh-Q microcavities,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP260 (2012).
[PubMed]

Q. Song, L. Ge, B. Redding, and H. Cao, “Channeling chaotic rays into waveguides for efficient collection of microcavity emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(24), 243902 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

J. Yang, S. B. Lee, S. Moon, S. Y. Lee, S. W. Kim, T. T. A. Dao, J. H. Lee, and K. An, “Pump-induced dynamical tunneling in a deformed microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(24), 243601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

H. T. Hattori, D. Y. Liu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Large square resonator laser with quasi-single-mode operation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(6), 359–361 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (3)

S. Lacey, H. Wang, D. H. Foster, and J. U. Nöckel, “Directional tunneling escape from nearly spherical optical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(3), 033902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. H. Guo, Y. Z. Huang, Q. Y. Lu, and L. J. Yu, “Modes in square resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1563–1566 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. J. Moon, K. An, and J. H. Lee, “Single spatial mode selection in a layered square microcavity laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2963–2965 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

1992 (1)

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Albert, F.

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

An, K.

J. Yang, S. B. Lee, S. Moon, S. Y. Lee, S. W. Kim, T. T. A. Dao, J. H. Lee, and K. An, “Pump-induced dynamical tunneling in a deformed microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(24), 243601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Moon, K. An, and J. H. Lee, “Single spatial mode selection in a layered square microcavity laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2963–2965 (2003).
[Crossref]

Arnaud, C.

M. Lebental, N. Djellali, C. Arnaud, J.-S. Lauret, J. Zyss, R. Dubertrand, C. Schmit, and E. Bogomolny, “Inferring periodic orbits from spectra of simply shaped microlasers,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 0238300 (2007).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

Benson, T. M.

Bogomolny, E.

M. Lebental, N. Djellali, C. Arnaud, J.-S. Lauret, J. Zyss, R. Dubertrand, C. Schmit, and E. Bogomolny, “Inferring periodic orbits from spectra of simply shaped microlasers,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 0238300 (2007).
[Crossref]

Boriskina, S. V.

Borselli, M.

Cao, H.

Q. Song, L. Ge, B. Redding, and H. Cao, “Channeling chaotic rays into waveguides for efficient collection of microcavity emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(24), 243902 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, R. K.

Claudon, J.

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Courvoisier, F.

Cui, J. M.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, F. J. Shu, X. W. Wu, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “High-Q and unidirectional emission whispering gallery modes: Principles and design,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 9000406 (2013).

Dao, T. T. A.

J. Yang, S. B. Lee, S. Moon, S. Y. Lee, S. W. Kim, T. T. A. Dao, J. H. Lee, and K. An, “Pump-induced dynamical tunneling in a deformed microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(24), 243601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Di Cioccio, L.

Djellali, N.

M. Lebental, N. Djellali, C. Arnaud, J.-S. Lauret, J. Zyss, R. Dubertrand, C. Schmit, and E. Bogomolny, “Inferring periodic orbits from spectra of simply shaped microlasers,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 0238300 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dong, C. H.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, F. J. Shu, X. W. Wu, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “High-Q and unidirectional emission whispering gallery modes: Principles and design,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 9000406 (2013).

X. F. Jiang, Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, L. He, C. H. Dong, B. B. Li, Y. Li, F. W. Sun, L. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Highly unidirectional emission and ultralow-threshold lasing from on-chip ultrahigh-Q microcavities,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP260 (2012).
[PubMed]

Du, Y.

H. Z. Weng, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, X. W. Ma, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Mode Q factor and lasing spectrum controls for deformed square resonator microlasers with circular sides,” Phys. Rev. A 95(1), 013883 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Tang, S. S. Sui, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Y. Z. Huang, “Mode selection in square resonator microlasers for widely tunable single mode lasing,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27739–27750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dubertrand, R.

M. Lebental, N. Djellali, C. Arnaud, J.-S. Lauret, J. Zyss, R. Dubertrand, C. Schmit, and E. Bogomolny, “Inferring periodic orbits from spectra of simply shaped microlasers,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 0238300 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fang, W.

F. X. Gu, F. M. Xie, X. Lin, S. Y. Linghu, W. Fang, H. P. Zeng, L. M. Tong, and S. L. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fedeli, J.-M.

Feng, L.

L. Feng, Z. J. Wong, R. M. Ma, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Single-mode laser by parity-time symmetry breaking,” Science 346(6212), 972–975 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Forchel, A.

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Foster, D. H.

S. Lacey, H. Wang, D. H. Foster, and J. U. Nöckel, “Directional tunneling escape from nearly spherical optical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(3), 033902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ge, L.

Q. Song, L. Ge, B. Redding, and H. Cao, “Channeling chaotic rays into waveguides for efficient collection of microcavity emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(24), 243902 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gérard, J.-M.

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gilbert, K.

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q.

X. F. Jiang, Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, L. He, C. H. Dong, B. B. Li, Y. Li, F. W. Sun, L. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Highly unidirectional emission and ultralow-threshold lasing from on-chip ultrahigh-Q microcavities,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP260 (2012).
[PubMed]

Grosse, P.

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gu, F. X.

F. X. Gu, F. M. Xie, X. Lin, S. Y. Linghu, W. Fang, H. P. Zeng, L. M. Tong, and S. L. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guo, G. C.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, F. J. Shu, X. W. Wu, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “High-Q and unidirectional emission whispering gallery modes: Principles and design,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 9000406 (2013).

Guo, W. H.

W. H. Guo, Y. Z. Huang, Q. Y. Lu, and L. J. Yu, “Modes in square resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1563–1566 (2003).
[Crossref]

Han, J. Y.

H. Z. Weng, O. Wada, J. Y. Han, J. L. Xiao, Y. D. Yang, Y. Z. Huang, J. Li, B. Xiong, C. Z. Sun, and Y. Luo, “Sub-THz wave generation based on a dual wavelength microsquare laser,” Electron. Lett. 53(14), 939–941 (2017).
[Crossref]

Han, Z. F.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, F. J. Shu, X. W. Wu, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “High-Q and unidirectional emission whispering gallery modes: Principles and design,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 9000406 (2013).

Hattori, H. T.

H. T. Hattori, D. Y. Liu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Large square resonator laser with quasi-single-mode operation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(6), 359–361 (2009).
[Crossref]

He, L.

X. F. Jiang, Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, L. He, C. H. Dong, B. B. Li, Y. Li, F. W. Sun, L. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Highly unidirectional emission and ultralow-threshold lasing from on-chip ultrahigh-Q microcavities,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP260 (2012).
[PubMed]

Höfling, S.

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. Z.

H. Z. Weng, O. Wada, J. Y. Han, J. L. Xiao, Y. D. Yang, Y. Z. Huang, J. Li, B. Xiong, C. Z. Sun, and Y. Luo, “Sub-THz wave generation based on a dual wavelength microsquare laser,” Electron. Lett. 53(14), 939–941 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Z. Weng, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, X. W. Ma, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Mode Q factor and lasing spectrum controls for deformed square resonator microlasers with circular sides,” Phys. Rev. A 95(1), 013883 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Yang and Y. Z. Huang, “Mode characteristics and directional emission for square microcavity lasers,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 49(25), 253001 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Tang, S. S. Sui, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Y. Z. Huang, “Mode selection in square resonator microlasers for widely tunable single mode lasing,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27739–27750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, B. W. Liu, and Y. Z. Huang, “Mode characteristics and vertical radiation loss for AlGaInAs/InP microcylinder lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 32(3), 439–444 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. H. Guo, Y. Z. Huang, Q. Y. Lu, and L. J. Yu, “Modes in square resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1563–1566 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jagadish, C.

H. T. Hattori, D. Y. Liu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Large square resonator laser with quasi-single-mode operation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(6), 359–361 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X. F.

X. F. Jiang, Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, L. He, C. H. Dong, B. B. Li, Y. Li, F. W. Sun, L. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Highly unidirectional emission and ultralow-threshold lasing from on-chip ultrahigh-Q microcavities,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP260 (2012).
[PubMed]

Johnson, T. J.

Kamp, M.

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Khan, M. H.

Kim, S. W.

J. Yang, S. B. Lee, S. Moon, S. Y. Lee, S. W. Kim, T. T. A. Dao, J. H. Lee, and K. An, “Pump-induced dynamical tunneling in a deformed microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(24), 243601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lacey, S.

S. Lacey, H. Wang, D. H. Foster, and J. U. Nöckel, “Directional tunneling escape from nearly spherical optical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(3), 033902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lagahe, C.

Lai, Y.

C. W. Lee, Q. Wang, Y. Lai, D. K. T. Ng, and S. K. Ng, “Continuous-wave InP-InGaAsP microsquare laser-a comparison to microdisk Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(24), 2442–2445 (2014).
[Crossref]

Langer, F.

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lauret, J.-S.

M. Lebental, N. Djellali, C. Arnaud, J.-S. Lauret, J. Zyss, R. Dubertrand, C. Schmit, and E. Bogomolny, “Inferring periodic orbits from spectra of simply shaped microlasers,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 0238300 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lebental, M.

M. Lebental, N. Djellali, C. Arnaud, J.-S. Lauret, J. Zyss, R. Dubertrand, C. Schmit, and E. Bogomolny, “Inferring periodic orbits from spectra of simply shaped microlasers,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 0238300 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. W.

C. W. Lee, Q. Wang, Y. Lai, D. K. T. Ng, and S. K. Ng, “Continuous-wave InP-InGaAsP microsquare laser-a comparison to microdisk Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(24), 2442–2445 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

J. Yang, S. B. Lee, S. Moon, S. Y. Lee, S. W. Kim, T. T. A. Dao, J. H. Lee, and K. An, “Pump-induced dynamical tunneling in a deformed microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(24), 243601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Moon, K. An, and J. H. Lee, “Single spatial mode selection in a layered square microcavity laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2963–2965 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. B.

J. Yang, S. B. Lee, S. Moon, S. Y. Lee, S. W. Kim, T. T. A. Dao, J. H. Lee, and K. An, “Pump-induced dynamical tunneling in a deformed microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(24), 243601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S. Y.

J. Yang, S. B. Lee, S. Moon, S. Y. Lee, S. W. Kim, T. T. A. Dao, J. H. Lee, and K. An, “Pump-induced dynamical tunneling in a deformed microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(24), 243601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Levi, A. F. J.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Li, B. B.

X. F. Jiang, Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, L. He, C. H. Dong, B. B. Li, Y. Li, F. W. Sun, L. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Highly unidirectional emission and ultralow-threshold lasing from on-chip ultrahigh-Q microcavities,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP260 (2012).
[PubMed]

Li, J.

H. Z. Weng, O. Wada, J. Y. Han, J. L. Xiao, Y. D. Yang, Y. Z. Huang, J. Li, B. Xiong, C. Z. Sun, and Y. Luo, “Sub-THz wave generation based on a dual wavelength microsquare laser,” Electron. Lett. 53(14), 939–941 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

X. F. Jiang, Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, L. He, C. H. Dong, B. B. Li, Y. Li, F. W. Sun, L. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Highly unidirectional emission and ultralow-threshold lasing from on-chip ultrahigh-Q microcavities,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP260 (2012).
[PubMed]

Lin, X.

F. X. Gu, F. M. Xie, X. Lin, S. Y. Linghu, W. Fang, H. P. Zeng, L. M. Tong, and S. L. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

Linghu, S. Y.

F. X. Gu, F. M. Xie, X. Lin, S. Y. Linghu, W. Fang, H. P. Zeng, L. M. Tong, and S. L. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, B. W.

Liu, D. Y.

H. T. Hattori, D. Y. Liu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Large square resonator laser with quasi-single-mode operation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(6), 359–361 (2009).
[Crossref]

Logan, R. A.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lu, Q. Y.

W. H. Guo, Y. Z. Huang, Q. Y. Lu, and L. J. Yu, “Modes in square resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1563–1566 (2003).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

H. Z. Weng, O. Wada, J. Y. Han, J. L. Xiao, Y. D. Yang, Y. Z. Huang, J. Li, B. Xiong, C. Z. Sun, and Y. Luo, “Sub-THz wave generation based on a dual wavelength microsquare laser,” Electron. Lett. 53(14), 939–941 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ma, R. M.

L. Feng, Z. J. Wong, R. M. Ma, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Single-mode laser by parity-time symmetry breaking,” Science 346(6212), 972–975 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, X. W.

H. Z. Weng, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, X. W. Ma, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Mode Q factor and lasing spectrum controls for deformed square resonator microlasers with circular sides,” Phys. Rev. A 95(1), 013883 (2017).
[Crossref]

Malik, N. S.

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

McCall, S. L.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Moon, H. J.

H. J. Moon, K. An, and J. H. Lee, “Single spatial mode selection in a layered square microcavity laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2963–2965 (2003).
[Crossref]

Moon, S.

J. Yang, S. B. Lee, S. Moon, S. Y. Lee, S. W. Kim, T. T. A. Dao, J. H. Lee, and K. An, “Pump-induced dynamical tunneling in a deformed microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(24), 243601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Munsch, M.

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ng, D. K. T.

C. W. Lee, Q. Wang, Y. Lai, D. K. T. Ng, and S. K. Ng, “Continuous-wave InP-InGaAsP microsquare laser-a comparison to microdisk Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(24), 2442–2445 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ng, S. K.

C. W. Lee, Q. Wang, Y. Lai, D. K. T. Ng, and S. K. Ng, “Continuous-wave InP-InGaAsP microsquare laser-a comparison to microdisk Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(24), 2442–2445 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nöckel, J. U.

S. Lacey, H. Wang, D. H. Foster, and J. U. Nöckel, “Directional tunneling escape from nearly spherical optical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(3), 033902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nosich, A. I.

Painter, O.

Pearton, S. J.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Pieczarka, M. M.

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Poon, A. W.

Qi, M. H.

Redding, B.

Q. Song, L. Ge, B. Redding, and H. Cao, “Channeling chaotic rays into waveguides for efficient collection of microcavity emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(24), 243902 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Regreny, P.

Reitzenstein, S.

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rojo Romeo, P.

Schlereth, T.

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schmit, C.

M. Lebental, N. Djellali, C. Arnaud, J.-S. Lauret, J. Zyss, R. Dubertrand, C. Schmit, and E. Bogomolny, “Inferring periodic orbits from spectra of simply shaped microlasers,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 0238300 (2007).
[Crossref]

Seassal, C.

Sewell, P.

Shen, H.

Shu, F. J.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, F. J. Shu, X. W. Wu, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “High-Q and unidirectional emission whispering gallery modes: Principles and design,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 9000406 (2013).

Slusher, R. E.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

Song, Q.

Q. Song, L. Ge, B. Redding, and H. Cao, “Channeling chaotic rays into waveguides for efficient collection of microcavity emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(24), 243902 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sui, S. S.

Sun, C. Z.

H. Z. Weng, O. Wada, J. Y. Han, J. L. Xiao, Y. D. Yang, Y. Z. Huang, J. Li, B. Xiong, C. Z. Sun, and Y. Luo, “Sub-THz wave generation based on a dual wavelength microsquare laser,” Electron. Lett. 53(14), 939–941 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sun, F. W.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, F. J. Shu, X. W. Wu, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “High-Q and unidirectional emission whispering gallery modes: Principles and design,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 9000406 (2013).

X. F. Jiang, Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, L. He, C. H. Dong, B. B. Li, Y. Li, F. W. Sun, L. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Highly unidirectional emission and ultralow-threshold lasing from on-chip ultrahigh-Q microcavities,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP260 (2012).
[PubMed]

Tan, H. H.

H. T. Hattori, D. Y. Liu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Large square resonator laser with quasi-single-mode operation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(6), 359–361 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tang, M. Y.

Tong, L. M.

F. X. Gu, F. M. Xie, X. Lin, S. Y. Linghu, W. Fang, H. P. Zeng, L. M. Tong, and S. L. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

Van Campenhout, J.

Van Thourhout, D.

Verstuyft, S.

Wada, O.

H. Z. Weng, O. Wada, J. Y. Han, J. L. Xiao, Y. D. Yang, Y. Z. Huang, J. Li, B. Xiong, C. Z. Sun, and Y. Luo, “Sub-THz wave generation based on a dual wavelength microsquare laser,” Electron. Lett. 53(14), 939–941 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

S. Lacey, H. Wang, D. H. Foster, and J. U. Nöckel, “Directional tunneling escape from nearly spherical optical resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(3), 033902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

C. W. Lee, Q. Wang, Y. Lai, D. K. T. Ng, and S. K. Ng, “Continuous-wave InP-InGaAsP microsquare laser-a comparison to microdisk Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(24), 2442–2445 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

L. Feng, Z. J. Wong, R. M. Ma, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Single-mode laser by parity-time symmetry breaking,” Science 346(6212), 972–975 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weng, H. Z.

H. Z. Weng, O. Wada, J. Y. Han, J. L. Xiao, Y. D. Yang, Y. Z. Huang, J. Li, B. Xiong, C. Z. Sun, and Y. Luo, “Sub-THz wave generation based on a dual wavelength microsquare laser,” Electron. Lett. 53(14), 939–941 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Z. Weng, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, X. W. Ma, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Mode Q factor and lasing spectrum controls for deformed square resonator microlasers with circular sides,” Phys. Rev. A 95(1), 013883 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wong, Z. J.

L. Feng, Z. J. Wong, R. M. Ma, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Single-mode laser by parity-time symmetry breaking,” Science 346(6212), 972–975 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, X. W.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, F. J. Shu, X. W. Wu, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “High-Q and unidirectional emission whispering gallery modes: Principles and design,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 9000406 (2013).

Xiao, J. L.

H. Z. Weng, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, X. W. Ma, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Mode Q factor and lasing spectrum controls for deformed square resonator microlasers with circular sides,” Phys. Rev. A 95(1), 013883 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Z. Weng, O. Wada, J. Y. Han, J. L. Xiao, Y. D. Yang, Y. Z. Huang, J. Li, B. Xiong, C. Z. Sun, and Y. Luo, “Sub-THz wave generation based on a dual wavelength microsquare laser,” Electron. Lett. 53(14), 939–941 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Tang, S. S. Sui, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Y. Z. Huang, “Mode selection in square resonator microlasers for widely tunable single mode lasing,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27739–27750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, B. W. Liu, and Y. Z. Huang, “Mode characteristics and vertical radiation loss for AlGaInAs/InP microcylinder lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 32(3), 439–444 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xiao, S. J.

Xiao, Y. F.

X. F. Jiang, Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, L. He, C. H. Dong, B. B. Li, Y. Li, F. W. Sun, L. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Highly unidirectional emission and ultralow-threshold lasing from on-chip ultrahigh-Q microcavities,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP260 (2012).
[PubMed]

Xie, F. M.

F. X. Gu, F. M. Xie, X. Lin, S. Y. Linghu, W. Fang, H. P. Zeng, L. M. Tong, and S. L. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xiong, B.

H. Z. Weng, O. Wada, J. Y. Han, J. L. Xiao, Y. D. Yang, Y. Z. Huang, J. Li, B. Xiong, C. Z. Sun, and Y. Luo, “Sub-THz wave generation based on a dual wavelength microsquare laser,” Electron. Lett. 53(14), 939–941 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, S. B. Lee, S. Moon, S. Y. Lee, S. W. Kim, T. T. A. Dao, J. H. Lee, and K. An, “Pump-induced dynamical tunneling in a deformed microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(24), 243601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, L.

X. F. Jiang, Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, L. He, C. H. Dong, B. B. Li, Y. Li, F. W. Sun, L. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Highly unidirectional emission and ultralow-threshold lasing from on-chip ultrahigh-Q microcavities,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP260 (2012).
[PubMed]

Yang, Y.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, F. J. Shu, X. W. Wu, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “High-Q and unidirectional emission whispering gallery modes: Principles and design,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 9000406 (2013).

Yang, Y. D.

H. Z. Weng, O. Wada, J. Y. Han, J. L. Xiao, Y. D. Yang, Y. Z. Huang, J. Li, B. Xiong, C. Z. Sun, and Y. Luo, “Sub-THz wave generation based on a dual wavelength microsquare laser,” Electron. Lett. 53(14), 939–941 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Z. Weng, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, X. W. Ma, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Mode Q factor and lasing spectrum controls for deformed square resonator microlasers with circular sides,” Phys. Rev. A 95(1), 013883 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Yang and Y. Z. Huang, “Mode characteristics and directional emission for square microcavity lasers,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 49(25), 253001 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Y. Tang, S. S. Sui, Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Y. Z. Huang, “Mode selection in square resonator microlasers for widely tunable single mode lasing,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27739–27750 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. D. Yang, J. L. Xiao, B. W. Liu, and Y. Z. Huang, “Mode characteristics and vertical radiation loss for AlGaInAs/InP microcylinder lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 32(3), 439–444 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, L. J.

W. H. Guo, Y. Z. Huang, Q. Y. Lu, and L. J. Yu, “Modes in square resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1563–1566 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H. P.

F. X. Gu, F. M. Xie, X. Lin, S. Y. Linghu, W. Fang, H. P. Zeng, L. M. Tong, and S. L. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

L. Feng, Z. J. Wong, R. M. Ma, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Single-mode laser by parity-time symmetry breaking,” Science 346(6212), 972–975 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhuang, S. L.

F. X. Gu, F. M. Xie, X. Lin, S. Y. Linghu, W. Fang, H. P. Zeng, L. M. Tong, and S. L. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zou, C. L.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, F. J. Shu, X. W. Wu, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “High-Q and unidirectional emission whispering gallery modes: Principles and design,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 9000406 (2013).

X. F. Jiang, Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, L. He, C. H. Dong, B. B. Li, Y. Li, F. W. Sun, L. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Highly unidirectional emission and ultralow-threshold lasing from on-chip ultrahigh-Q microcavities,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP260 (2012).
[PubMed]

Zyss, J.

M. Lebental, N. Djellali, C. Arnaud, J.-S. Lauret, J. Zyss, R. Dubertrand, C. Schmit, and E. Bogomolny, “Inferring periodic orbits from spectra of simply shaped microlasers,” Phys. Rev. A 76(2), 0238300 (2007).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

X. F. Jiang, Y. F. Xiao, C. L. Zou, L. He, C. H. Dong, B. B. Li, Y. Li, F. W. Sun, L. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Highly unidirectional emission and ultralow-threshold lasing from on-chip ultrahigh-Q microcavities,” Adv. Mater. 24(35), OP260 (2012).
[PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

H. J. Moon, K. An, and J. H. Lee, “Single spatial mode selection in a layered square microcavity laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2963–2965 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[Crossref]

M. Munsch, J. Claudon, N. S. Malik, K. Gilbert, P. Grosse, J.-M. Gérard, F. Albert, F. Langer, T. Schlereth, M. M. Pieczarka, S. Höfling, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and S. Reitzenstein, “Room temperature, continuous wave lasing in microcylinder and microring quantum dot laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031111 (2012).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. Z. Weng, O. Wada, J. Y. Han, J. L. Xiao, Y. D. Yang, Y. Z. Huang, J. Li, B. Xiong, C. Z. Sun, and Y. Luo, “Sub-THz wave generation based on a dual wavelength microsquare laser,” Electron. Lett. 53(14), 939–941 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. H. Guo, Y. Z. Huang, Q. Y. Lu, and L. J. Yu, “Modes in square resonators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1563–1566 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, F. J. Shu, X. W. Wu, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “High-Q and unidirectional emission whispering gallery modes: Principles and design,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(5), 9000406 (2013).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

H. T. Hattori, D. Y. Liu, H. H. Tan, and C. Jagadish, “Large square resonator laser with quasi-single-mode operation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(6), 359–361 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. W. Lee, Q. Wang, Y. Lai, D. K. T. Ng, and S. K. Ng, “Continuous-wave InP-InGaAsP microsquare laser-a comparison to microdisk Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(24), 2442–2445 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. D. Yang and Y. Z. Huang, “Mode characteristics and directional emission for square microcavity lasers,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 49(25), 253001 (2016).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

F. X. Gu, F. M. Xie, X. Lin, S. Y. Linghu, W. Fang, H. P. Zeng, L. M. Tong, and S. L. Zhuang, “Single whispering-gallery mode lasing in polymer bottle microresonators via spatial pump engineering,” Light Sci. Appl. 6(10), e17061 (2017).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagram of the 2D circular-side square microresonator. (b) Simulated mode wavelengths and corresponding Q factors versus the deformation parameter δ. The 0th-order and 1st-order transverse modes are marked by circle and triangle symbols, respectively. The distributions of |Hz| for the (c) 0th-order and (d) 1st-order transverse modes as δ = 2.5 μm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) SEM image of a CSR after ICP etching. (b) Optical microscope image of a fabricated CSR microlaser.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Lasing spectrum of the CSR microlaser with δ = 2.7 μm at 36 mA. (b) Lasing spectra of the CSR microlasers at different δ. (c) Mode interval between the 0th-order and 1st-order transverse modes versus δ.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Emission spectra of the CSR microlaser with a = 10 μm, w = 1.5 μm and δ = 0, 0.1 and 0.2 μm, at the current of 15, 2.8 and 2.2 mA, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Lasing spectra of the CSR microlaser with (a) δ = 0.1 and (b) δ = 0.2 μm. Top-X and right-Y indicate the simulated mode wavelengths and Q factors with the open symbols.

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