Abstract

In this paper, we report on high-power stable nanosecond pulse generation at ~2.1 μm from an integrated Tm–Ho all-fiber master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) system. A total output power of 128.5 W is generated from the Tm–Ho hybrid MOPA, with an average power of 99.1 W from Ho emission at 2116 nm; the corresponding pulse repetition frequency and pulse width are 161 kHz and 322 ns, respectively, leading to a peak power of 1.91 kW. The Tm–Ho integrated master oscillator is designed to operate at 1980 and 2116 nm, where the former wavelength serves as the pump of the Ho-doped fiber. Stable laser pulses are generated from both the Tm and Ho oscillators owing to mutual modulation of emission from the two lasers. The prospects for further scaling in output power at ~2.1 μm using Tm-Ho integrated MOPA system are discussed.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. P. Yan, J. Sun, D. Li, X. Wang, Y. Huang, M. Gong, and Q. Xiao, “933 W Yb-doped fiber ASE amplifier with 50.4 nm bandwidth,” Opt. Express 24(17), 19940–19948 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

2015 (3)

2014 (5)

2013 (1)

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

E. M. Sholokhov, A. V. Marakulin, A. S. Kurkov, and V. B. Tsvetkov, “All-fiber Q-switched holmium laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(5), 382–385 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 μm,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

Amzajerdian, F.

Barrientos Barria, J.

Bresson, A.

Byer, R. L.

Cadiou, E.

Carmody, N.

Carter, A.

Case, B.

Davidson, A.

Dherbecourt, J. B.

Eichhorn, M.

Feng, G.

M. Tao, X. Ye, F. Wang, H. Zhao, Z. Wang, P. Yang, and G. Feng, “Modeling and analysis of a pulsed Er-Tm fiber laser system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900307 (2015).

Fermann, M.

Fried, N. M.

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 μm,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geng, J.

Godard, A.

Gong, M.

Hakimi, F.

Hartl, I.

Haub, J.

Hemming, A.

Hou, J.

Huang, Y.

Jackson, S. D.

Jansen, F.

Jauregui, C.

Jiang, J.

Jiang, S.

Jin, X.

Kadwani, P.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kurkov, A. S.

E. M. Sholokhov, A. V. Marakulin, A. S. Kurkov, and V. B. Tsvetkov, “All-fiber Q-switched holmium laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(5), 382–385 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lancaster, D. G.

Lefebvre, M.

Lei, F.

Leindecker, N.

Li, D.

Li, L.

Limpert, J.

Liu, J.

Liu, Z.

X. Wang, X. Jin, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “105 W ultra-narrowband nanosecond pulsed laser at 2 μm based on monolithic Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4233–4241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, P. Zhou, Y. Miao, H. Zhang, H. Xiao, X. Wang, and Z. Liu, “High power, compact, passively Q-switched Ho-doped fiber laser tandem pumped by a 1150 nm Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(9), 095101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, T.

Mammez, D.

Marakulin, A. V.

E. M. Sholokhov, A. V. Marakulin, A. S. Kurkov, and V. B. Tsvetkov, “All-fiber Q-switched holmium laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(5), 382–385 (2011).
[Crossref]

Marandi, A.

Melkonian, J. M.

Miao, Y.

X. Wang, P. Zhou, Y. Miao, H. Zhang, H. Xiao, X. Wang, and Z. Liu, “High power, compact, passively Q-switched Ho-doped fiber laser tandem pumped by a 1150 nm Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(9), 095101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mingareev, I.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Murray, K. E.

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 μm,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nic Chormaic, S.

Olowinsky, A.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pelon, J.

Po, H.

Raybaut, M.

Richards, J.

Richardson, M.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Schmid, T.

Schunemann, P. G.

Shah, L.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shi, H.

Sholokhov, E. M.

E. M. Sholokhov, A. V. Marakulin, A. S. Kurkov, and V. B. Tsvetkov, “All-fiber Q-switched holmium laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(5), 382–385 (2011).
[Crossref]

Simakov, N.

Snitzer, E.

Stutzki, F.

Sun, J.

Tan, F.

Tao, M.

M. Tao, X. Ye, F. Wang, H. Zhao, Z. Wang, P. Yang, and G. Feng, “Modeling and analysis of a pulsed Er-Tm fiber laser system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900307 (2015).

Tsvetkov, V. B.

E. M. Sholokhov, A. V. Marakulin, A. S. Kurkov, and V. B. Tsvetkov, “All-fiber Q-switched holmium laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(5), 382–385 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tumminelli, R.

Tünnermann, A.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wang, F.

M. Tao, X. Ye, F. Wang, H. Zhao, Z. Wang, P. Yang, and G. Feng, “Modeling and analysis of a pulsed Er-Tm fiber laser system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900307 (2015).

Wang, P.

Wang, Q.

Wang, X.

P. Yan, J. Sun, D. Li, X. Wang, Y. Huang, M. Gong, and Q. Xiao, “933 W Yb-doped fiber ASE amplifier with 50.4 nm bandwidth,” Opt. Express 24(17), 19940–19948 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, X. Jin, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “105 W ultra-narrowband nanosecond pulsed laser at 2 μm based on monolithic Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4233–4241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, X. Jin, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “105 W ultra-narrowband nanosecond pulsed laser at 2 μm based on monolithic Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4233–4241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, P. Zhou, Y. Miao, H. Zhang, H. Xiao, X. Wang, and Z. Liu, “High power, compact, passively Q-switched Ho-doped fiber laser tandem pumped by a 1150 nm Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(9), 095101 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, P. Zhou, Y. Miao, H. Zhang, H. Xiao, X. Wang, and Z. Liu, “High power, compact, passively Q-switched Ho-doped fiber laser tandem pumped by a 1150 nm Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(9), 095101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

M. Tao, X. Ye, F. Wang, H. Zhao, Z. Wang, P. Yang, and G. Feng, “Modeling and analysis of a pulsed Er-Tm fiber laser system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900307 (2015).

Ward, J. M.

Weirauch, F.

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xiao, H.

X. Wang, X. Jin, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “105 W ultra-narrowband nanosecond pulsed laser at 2 μm based on monolithic Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4233–4241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, P. Zhou, Y. Miao, H. Zhang, H. Xiao, X. Wang, and Z. Liu, “High power, compact, passively Q-switched Ho-doped fiber laser tandem pumped by a 1150 nm Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(9), 095101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Q.

Yan, P.

Yang, L.

Yang, P.

M. Tao, X. Ye, F. Wang, H. Zhao, Z. Wang, P. Yang, and G. Feng, “Modeling and analysis of a pulsed Er-Tm fiber laser system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900307 (2015).

Yang, Y.

Ye, X.

M. Tao, X. Ye, F. Wang, H. Zhao, Z. Wang, P. Yang, and G. Feng, “Modeling and analysis of a pulsed Er-Tm fiber laser system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900307 (2015).

Yin, K.

Yu, J.

Zenteno, L. A.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, H.

X. Wang, P. Zhou, Y. Miao, H. Zhang, H. Xiao, X. Wang, and Z. Liu, “High power, compact, passively Q-switched Ho-doped fiber laser tandem pumped by a 1150 nm Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(9), 095101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, H.

M. Tao, X. Ye, F. Wang, H. Zhao, Z. Wang, P. Yang, and G. Feng, “Modeling and analysis of a pulsed Er-Tm fiber laser system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900307 (2015).

Zhou, P.

X. Wang, X. Jin, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “105 W ultra-narrowband nanosecond pulsed laser at 2 μm based on monolithic Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4233–4241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, P. Zhou, Y. Miao, H. Zhang, H. Xiao, X. Wang, and Z. Liu, “High power, compact, passively Q-switched Ho-doped fiber laser tandem pumped by a 1150 nm Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(9), 095101 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Tao, X. Ye, F. Wang, H. Zhao, Z. Wang, P. Yang, and G. Feng, “Modeling and analysis of a pulsed Er-Tm fiber laser system,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900307 (2015).

J. Endourol. (1)

N. M. Fried and K. E. Murray, “High-power thulium fiber laser ablation of urinary tissues at 1.94 μm,” J. Endourol. 19(1), 25–31 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

E. M. Sholokhov, A. V. Marakulin, A. S. Kurkov, and V. B. Tsvetkov, “All-fiber Q-switched holmium laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(5), 382–385 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, P. Zhou, Y. Miao, H. Zhang, H. Xiao, X. Wang, and Z. Liu, “High power, compact, passively Q-switched Ho-doped fiber laser tandem pumped by a 1150 nm Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(9), 095101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

A. Hemming, J. Richards, N. Simakov, A. Davidson, N. Carmody, J. Haub, and A. Carter, “Pulsed operation of a resonantly pumped, linearly polarised, large mode area holmium-doped fibre amplifier,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7186–7193 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Leindecker, A. Marandi, R. L. Byer, K. L. Vodopyanov, J. Jiang, I. Hartl, M. Fermann, and P. G. Schunemann, “Octave-spanning ultrafast OPO with 2.6-6.1 µm instantaneous bandwidth pumped by femtosecond Tm-fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7046–7053 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Li, B. Zhang, K. Yin, L. Yang, and J. Hou, “1 mJ nanosecond all-fiber thulium-doped fiber laser at 2.05 μm,” Opt. Express 23(14), 18098–18105 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lei, Y. Yang, J. M. Ward, and S. Nic Chormaic, “Pump induced lasing suppression in Yb:Er-doped microlasers,” Opt. Express 25(20), 24679–24689 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, F. Tan, H. Shi, and P. Wang, “High-power operation of silica-based Raman fiber amplifier at 2147 nm,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28383–28389 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, X. Jin, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and Z. Liu, “105 W ultra-narrowband nanosecond pulsed laser at 2 μm based on monolithic Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 23(4), 4233–4241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yan, J. Sun, D. Li, X. Wang, Y. Huang, M. Gong, and Q. Xiao, “933 W Yb-doped fiber ASE amplifier with 50.4 nm bandwidth,” Opt. Express 24(17), 19940–19948 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

A. Hemming, N. Simakov, J. Haub, and A. Carter, “A review of recent progress in holmium-doped silica fibre sources,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 621–630 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

I. Mingareev, F. Weirauch, A. Olowinsky, L. Shah, P. Kadwani, and M. Richardson, “Welding of polymers using a 2 μm thulium fiber laser,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(7), 2095–2099 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (6)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of the pulsed seed laser. LD: laser diode; SM-TDF: single-mode Tm-doped fiber; SM-HDF: single-mode Ho-doped fiber; FLM: fiber loop mirror; CPS: cladding pump stripper.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Output characteristics of the hybrid Tm–Ho fiber oscillator. Output spectrum and temporal behavior of (a) 1.4 W pump power; (b) 2 W pump power; (c) Typical pulses train and single pulse profile at 15.8 W of pump power; (d) Delay time of the two pulsed laser signals at different pump powers; (e) Pulse width and pulse repetition frequency (PRF) at different pump powers.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Output power of the Ho laser with increasing 793 nm pump power; (b) Laser spectrum of the Ho laser at maximum output power.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Integrated Tm–Ho fiber amplifier. ISO: isolator; MFA: mode-field adapter; LMA-TDF: large-mode-area Tm-doped fiber; LMA-HDF: large-mode-area Ho-doped fiber.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Output characteristics of the pre-amplifier. (a) Output power versus LD pump power; (b) Output spectrum at maximum output power.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Output performance of the main amplifier. (a) Output power after the TDF versus LD pump power; (b) Final output power from the endcap; (c) Typical seed pulse and amplified pulse profile at the maximum output power; (d) Final spectra at different total output powers.

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