Abstract

In previous work, we presented a structured light field (SLF) method combining light field imaging with structured illumination to perform multi-view depth measurement. However, the previous work just accomplishes depth rather than 3D reconstruction. In this paper, we propose a novel active method involving ray calibration and phase mapping, to achieve SLF 3D reconstruction. We performed the ray calibration for the first time to determine each light field ray with metric spatio-angular parameters, making the SLF realize multi-view 3D reconstruction. Based on the ray parametric equation, we further derived the phase mapping in the SLF that spatial coordinates can be directly mapped from phase. A flexible calibration strategy was correspondently designed to determine mapping coefficients for each light field ray, achieving high-efficiency SLF 3D reconstruction. Experimental results demonstrated that the proposed method was suitable for high-efficiency multi-view 3D reconstruction in the SLF.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (4)

M. W. Tao, P. P. Srinivasan, S. Hadap, S. Rusinkiewicz, J. Malik, and R. Ramamoorthi, “Shape estimation from shading, defocus, and correspondence using light-field angular coherence,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 39(3), 546–560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, H. Lv, Y. Liu, H. Wang, X. Wang, Q. Huang, X. Xiang, and Q. Dai, “Light-field depth estimation via epipolar plane image analysis and locally linear embedding,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 27(4), 739–747 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, X. Jin, and Q. Dai, “Distance measurement based on light field geometry and ray tracing,” Opt. Express 25(1), 59–76 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Cai, X. Liu, A. Li, Q. Tang, X. Peng, and B. Z. Gao, “Phase-3D mapping method developed from back-projection stereovision model for fringe projection profilometry,” Opt. Express 25(2), 1262–1277 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (4)

2015 (4)

2014 (1)

R. Prevedel, Y. G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11(7), 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

A. Orth and K. B. Crozier, “Light field moment imaging,” Opt. Lett. 38(15), 2666–2668 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Kim, H. Zimmer, Y. Pritch, A. Sorkine-Hornung, and M. Gross, “Scene reconstruction from high spatio-angular resolution light fields,” ACM Trans. Graph. 32(4), 73 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

C. Perwass and L. Wietzke, “Single lens 3D-camera with extended depth-of-field,” Proc. SPIE 8291, 829108 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. E. Bishop and P. Favaro, “The light field camera: extended depth of field, aliasing, and superresolution,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 34(5), 972–986 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

K. Atanassov, S. Goma, V. Ramachandra, and T. Georgiev, “Content-based depth estimation in focused plenoptic camera,” Proc. SPIE 7864, 78640G (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Geng, “Structured-light 3D surface imaging: a tutorial,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 128–160 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, H. Ma, S. Zhang, T. Guo, C. E. Towers, and D. P. Towers, “Simple calibration of a phase-based 3D imaging system based on uneven fringe projection,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 627–629 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

S. S. Gorthi and P. Rastogi, “Fringe projection techniques: whither we are?” Opt. Lasers Eng. 48(2), 133–140 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Salvi, S. Fernandez, T. Pribanic, and X. Llado, “A state of the art in structured light patterns for surface profilometry,” Pattern Recognit. 43(8), 2666–2680 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. Veeraraghavan, R. Raskar, A. Agrawal, A. Mohan, and J. Tumblin, “Dappled photography: mask enhanced cameras for heterodyned light fields and coded aperture refocusing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 69 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” ACM Trans. Graph. 25(3), 924–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang and P. S. Huang, “Novel method for structured light system calibration,” Opt. Eng. 45(8), 083601 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24(3), 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

X. Peng, Z. Yang, and H. Niu, “Multi-resolution reconstruction of 3-D image with modified temporal unwrapping algorithm,” Opt. Commun. 224(1-3), 35–44 (2003).
[Crossref]

1939 (1)

A. Gershun, “The light field,” J. Math. Phys. 18(1-4), 51–151 (1939).
[Crossref]

Adams, A.

M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” ACM Trans. Graph. 25(3), 924–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24(3), 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Adesnik, H.

Aggoun, A.

Agrawal, A.

A. Veeraraghavan, R. Raskar, A. Agrawal, A. Mohan, and J. Tumblin, “Dappled photography: mask enhanced cameras for heterodyned light fields and coded aperture refocusing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 69 (2007).
[Crossref]

Antipa, N.

Antunez, E.

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24(3), 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Asundi, A.

C. Zuo, L. Huang, M. Zhang, Q. Chen, and A. Asundi, “Temporal phase unwrapping algorithms for fringe projection profilometry: A comparative review,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 85, 84–103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Atanassov, K.

K. Atanassov, S. Goma, V. Ramachandra, and T. Georgiev, “Content-based depth estimation in focused plenoptic camera,” Proc. SPIE 7864, 78640G (2011).
[Crossref]

Barth, A.

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24(3), 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bishop, T. E.

T. E. Bishop and P. Favaro, “The light field camera: extended depth of field, aliasing, and superresolution,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 34(5), 972–986 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boyden, E. S.

R. Prevedel, Y. G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11(7), 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, Z.

Chen, C.

H. Lin, C. Chen, S. B. Kang, and J. Yu, “Depth recovery from light field using focal stack symmetry,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (IEEE, 2015), pp. 3451–3459.
[Crossref]

Chen, Q.

C. Zuo, L. Huang, M. Zhang, Q. Chen, and A. Asundi, “Temporal phase unwrapping algorithms for fringe projection profilometry: A comparative review,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 85, 84–103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Crozier, K. B.

Dai, Q.

Y. Chen, X. Jin, and Q. Dai, “Distance measurement based on light field geometry and ray tracing,” Opt. Express 25(1), 59–76 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, H. Lv, Y. Liu, H. Wang, X. Wang, Q. Huang, X. Xiang, and Q. Dai, “Light-field depth estimation via epipolar plane image analysis and locally linear embedding,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 27(4), 739–747 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Lin, J. Wu, G. Zheng, and Q. Dai, “Camera array based light field microscopy,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(9), 3179–3189 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dansereau, D. G.

D. G. Dansereau, O. Pizarro, and S. B. Williams, “Decoding, calibration and rectification for lenselet-based plenoptic cameras,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (IEEE, 2013), 1027–1034.
[Crossref]

Favaro, P.

T. E. Bishop and P. Favaro, “The light field camera: extended depth of field, aliasing, and superresolution,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 34(5), 972–986 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fernandez, S.

J. Salvi, S. Fernandez, T. Pribanic, and X. Llado, “A state of the art in structured light patterns for surface profilometry,” Pattern Recognit. 43(8), 2666–2680 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fiebig, S.

Footer, M.

M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” ACM Trans. Graph. 25(3), 924–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

Frese, C.

C. Frese and I. Gheta, “Robust depth estimation by fusion of stereo and focus series acquired with a camera array,” in Proceedings of IEE International Conference on Multisensor Fusion and Integration for Intelligent Systems (IEEE, 2006), pp. 243–248.
[Crossref]

Gao, B. Z.

Geng, J.

J. Geng, “Structured-light 3D surface imaging: a tutorial,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 128–160 (2011).
[Crossref]

Georgiev, T.

K. Atanassov, S. Goma, V. Ramachandra, and T. Georgiev, “Content-based depth estimation in focused plenoptic camera,” Proc. SPIE 7864, 78640G (2011).
[Crossref]

Gerlock, M.

Gershun, A.

A. Gershun, “The light field,” J. Math. Phys. 18(1-4), 51–151 (1939).
[Crossref]

Gheta, I.

C. Frese and I. Gheta, “Robust depth estimation by fusion of stereo and focus series acquired with a camera array,” in Proceedings of IEE International Conference on Multisensor Fusion and Integration for Intelligent Systems (IEEE, 2006), pp. 243–248.
[Crossref]

Goldluecke, B.

S. Wanner and B. Goldluecke, “Globally consistent depth labeling of 4D light fields,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (IEEE, 2012), pp. 41–48.
[Crossref]

Goma, S.

K. Atanassov, S. Goma, V. Ramachandra, and T. Georgiev, “Content-based depth estimation in focused plenoptic camera,” Proc. SPIE 7864, 78640G (2011).
[Crossref]

Gorthi, S. S.

S. S. Gorthi and P. Rastogi, “Fringe projection techniques: whither we are?” Opt. Lasers Eng. 48(2), 133–140 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gross, M.

C. Kim, H. Zimmer, Y. Pritch, A. Sorkine-Hornung, and M. Gross, “Scene reconstruction from high spatio-angular resolution light fields,” ACM Trans. Graph. 32(4), 73 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guo, T.

Hadap, S.

M. W. Tao, P. P. Srinivasan, S. Hadap, S. Rusinkiewicz, J. Malik, and R. Ramamoorthi, “Shape estimation from shading, defocus, and correspondence using light-field angular coherence,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 39(3), 546–560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Tao, S. Hadap, J. Malik, and R. Ramamoorthi, “Depth from combining defocus and correspondence using light-field cameras,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (IEEE, 2013), pp. 673–680.
[Crossref]

Hahne, C.

Hanrahan, P.

M. Levoy and P. Hanrahan, “Light field rendering,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH (ACM, 1996), pp. 31–42.

He, D.

Heinze, C.

C. Heinze, S. Spyropoulos, S. Hussmann, and C. Perwass, “Automated robust metric calibration of multi-focus plenoptic cameras,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (2015), pp. 2038–2043.
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, M.

R. Prevedel, Y. G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11(7), 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horowitz, M.

M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” ACM Trans. Graph. 25(3), 924–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24(3), 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

C. Zuo, L. Huang, M. Zhang, Q. Chen, and A. Asundi, “Temporal phase unwrapping algorithms for fringe projection profilometry: A comparative review,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 85, 84–103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, P. S.

S. Zhang and P. S. Huang, “Novel method for structured light system calibration,” Opt. Eng. 45(8), 083601 (2006).
[Crossref]

Huang, Q.

Y. Zhang, H. Lv, Y. Liu, H. Wang, X. Wang, Q. Huang, X. Xiang, and Q. Dai, “Light-field depth estimation via epipolar plane image analysis and locally linear embedding,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 27(4), 739–747 (2017).
[Crossref]

Huang, S.

Hussmann, S.

C. Heinze, S. Spyropoulos, S. Hussmann, and C. Perwass, “Automated robust metric calibration of multi-focus plenoptic cameras,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (2015), pp. 2038–2043.
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

Jin, X.

Joshi, N.

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24(3), 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kang, S. B.

H. Lin, C. Chen, S. B. Kang, and J. Yu, “Depth recovery from light field using focal stack symmetry,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (IEEE, 2015), pp. 3451–3459.
[Crossref]

Kato, S.

R. Prevedel, Y. G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11(7), 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, C.

C. Kim, H. Zimmer, Y. Pritch, A. Sorkine-Hornung, and M. Gross, “Scene reconstruction from high spatio-angular resolution light fields,” ACM Trans. Graph. 32(4), 73 (2013).
[Crossref]

Levoy, M.

M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” ACM Trans. Graph. 25(3), 924–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24(3), 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Levoy and P. Hanrahan, “Light field rendering,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH (ACM, 1996), pp. 31–42.

Li, A.

Lin, H.

H. Lin, C. Chen, S. B. Kang, and J. Yu, “Depth recovery from light field using focal stack symmetry,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (IEEE, 2015), pp. 3451–3459.
[Crossref]

Lin, X.

Liu, H.-Y.

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

Y. Zhang, H. Lv, Y. Liu, H. Wang, X. Wang, Q. Huang, X. Xiang, and Q. Dai, “Light-field depth estimation via epipolar plane image analysis and locally linear embedding,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 27(4), 739–747 (2017).
[Crossref]

Llado, X.

J. Salvi, S. Fernandez, T. Pribanic, and X. Llado, “A state of the art in structured light patterns for surface profilometry,” Pattern Recognit. 43(8), 2666–2680 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lv, H.

Y. Zhang, H. Lv, Y. Liu, H. Wang, X. Wang, Q. Huang, X. Xiang, and Q. Dai, “Light-field depth estimation via epipolar plane image analysis and locally linear embedding,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 27(4), 739–747 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ma, H.

Malik, J.

M. W. Tao, P. P. Srinivasan, S. Hadap, S. Rusinkiewicz, J. Malik, and R. Ramamoorthi, “Shape estimation from shading, defocus, and correspondence using light-field angular coherence,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 39(3), 546–560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Tao, S. Hadap, J. Malik, and R. Ramamoorthi, “Depth from combining defocus and correspondence using light-field cameras,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (IEEE, 2013), pp. 673–680.
[Crossref]

Mohan, A.

A. Veeraraghavan, R. Raskar, A. Agrawal, A. Mohan, and J. Tumblin, “Dappled photography: mask enhanced cameras for heterodyned light fields and coded aperture refocusing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 69 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ng, R.

M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” ACM Trans. Graph. 25(3), 924–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

Niu, H.

X. Peng, Z. Yang, and H. Niu, “Multi-resolution reconstruction of 3-D image with modified temporal unwrapping algorithm,” Opt. Commun. 224(1-3), 35–44 (2003).
[Crossref]

Orth, A.

Pak, N.

R. Prevedel, Y. G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11(7), 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pegard, N. C.

Peng, X.

Perwass, C.

C. Perwass and L. Wietzke, “Single lens 3D-camera with extended depth-of-field,” Proc. SPIE 8291, 829108 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Heinze, S. Spyropoulos, S. Hussmann, and C. Perwass, “Automated robust metric calibration of multi-focus plenoptic cameras,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (2015), pp. 2038–2043.
[Crossref]

Pesch, M.

Pizarro, O.

D. G. Dansereau, O. Pizarro, and S. B. Williams, “Decoding, calibration and rectification for lenselet-based plenoptic cameras,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (IEEE, 2013), 1027–1034.
[Crossref]

Prevedel, R.

R. Prevedel, Y. G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11(7), 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pribanic, T.

J. Salvi, S. Fernandez, T. Pribanic, and X. Llado, “A state of the art in structured light patterns for surface profilometry,” Pattern Recognit. 43(8), 2666–2680 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pritch, Y.

C. Kim, H. Zimmer, Y. Pritch, A. Sorkine-Hornung, and M. Gross, “Scene reconstruction from high spatio-angular resolution light fields,” ACM Trans. Graph. 32(4), 73 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ramachandra, V.

K. Atanassov, S. Goma, V. Ramachandra, and T. Georgiev, “Content-based depth estimation in focused plenoptic camera,” Proc. SPIE 7864, 78640G (2011).
[Crossref]

Ramamoorthi, R.

M. W. Tao, P. P. Srinivasan, S. Hadap, S. Rusinkiewicz, J. Malik, and R. Ramamoorthi, “Shape estimation from shading, defocus, and correspondence using light-field angular coherence,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 39(3), 546–560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Tao, S. Hadap, J. Malik, and R. Ramamoorthi, “Depth from combining defocus and correspondence using light-field cameras,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (IEEE, 2013), pp. 673–680.
[Crossref]

Raskar, R.

R. Prevedel, Y. G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11(7), 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Veeraraghavan, R. Raskar, A. Agrawal, A. Mohan, and J. Tumblin, “Dappled photography: mask enhanced cameras for heterodyned light fields and coded aperture refocusing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 69 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rastogi, P.

S. S. Gorthi and P. Rastogi, “Fringe projection techniques: whither we are?” Opt. Lasers Eng. 48(2), 133–140 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rusinkiewicz, S.

M. W. Tao, P. P. Srinivasan, S. Hadap, S. Rusinkiewicz, J. Malik, and R. Ramamoorthi, “Shape estimation from shading, defocus, and correspondence using light-field angular coherence,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 39(3), 546–560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salvi, J.

J. Salvi, S. Fernandez, T. Pribanic, and X. Llado, “A state of the art in structured light patterns for surface profilometry,” Pattern Recognit. 43(8), 2666–2680 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schrödel, T.

R. Prevedel, Y. G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11(7), 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sorkine-Hornung, A.

C. Kim, H. Zimmer, Y. Pritch, A. Sorkine-Hornung, and M. Gross, “Scene reconstruction from high spatio-angular resolution light fields,” ACM Trans. Graph. 32(4), 73 (2013).
[Crossref]

Spyropoulos, S.

C. Heinze, S. Spyropoulos, S. Hussmann, and C. Perwass, “Automated robust metric calibration of multi-focus plenoptic cameras,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (2015), pp. 2038–2043.
[Crossref]

Srinivasan, P. P.

M. W. Tao, P. P. Srinivasan, S. Hadap, S. Rusinkiewicz, J. Malik, and R. Ramamoorthi, “Shape estimation from shading, defocus, and correspondence using light-field angular coherence,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 39(3), 546–560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Talvala, E.

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24(3), 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tang, Q.

Tao, M. W.

M. W. Tao, P. P. Srinivasan, S. Hadap, S. Rusinkiewicz, J. Malik, and R. Ramamoorthi, “Shape estimation from shading, defocus, and correspondence using light-field angular coherence,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 39(3), 546–560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Tao, S. Hadap, J. Malik, and R. Ramamoorthi, “Depth from combining defocus and correspondence using light-field cameras,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (IEEE, 2013), pp. 673–680.
[Crossref]

Tian, L.

Towers, C. E.

Towers, D. P.

Tumblin, J.

A. Veeraraghavan, R. Raskar, A. Agrawal, A. Mohan, and J. Tumblin, “Dappled photography: mask enhanced cameras for heterodyned light fields and coded aperture refocusing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 69 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vaish, V.

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24(3), 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Vaziri, A.

R. Prevedel, Y. G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11(7), 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veeraraghavan, A.

A. Veeraraghavan, R. Raskar, A. Agrawal, A. Mohan, and J. Tumblin, “Dappled photography: mask enhanced cameras for heterodyned light fields and coded aperture refocusing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 69 (2007).
[Crossref]

Velisavljevic, V.

Waller, L.

Wang, H.

Y. Zhang, H. Lv, Y. Liu, H. Wang, X. Wang, Q. Huang, X. Xiang, and Q. Dai, “Light-field depth estimation via epipolar plane image analysis and locally linear embedding,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 27(4), 739–747 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

Wang, X.

Y. Zhang, H. Lv, Y. Liu, H. Wang, X. Wang, Q. Huang, X. Xiang, and Q. Dai, “Light-field depth estimation via epipolar plane image analysis and locally linear embedding,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 27(4), 739–747 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wanner, S.

S. Wanner and B. Goldluecke, “Globally consistent depth labeling of 4D light fields,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (IEEE, 2012), pp. 41–48.
[Crossref]

Wetzstein, G.

R. Prevedel, Y. G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11(7), 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wietzke, L.

C. Perwass and L. Wietzke, “Single lens 3D-camera with extended depth-of-field,” Proc. SPIE 8291, 829108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wilburn, B.

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24(3), 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

Williams, S. B.

D. G. Dansereau, O. Pizarro, and S. B. Williams, “Decoding, calibration and rectification for lenselet-based plenoptic cameras,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (IEEE, 2013), 1027–1034.
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

Xiang, X.

Y. Zhang, H. Lv, Y. Liu, H. Wang, X. Wang, Q. Huang, X. Xiang, and Q. Dai, “Light-field depth estimation via epipolar plane image analysis and locally linear embedding,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 27(4), 739–747 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

X. Peng, Z. Yang, and H. Niu, “Multi-resolution reconstruction of 3-D image with modified temporal unwrapping algorithm,” Opt. Commun. 224(1-3), 35–44 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yin, Y.

Yoon, Y. G.

R. Prevedel, Y. G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11(7), 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, J.

H. Lin, C. Chen, S. B. Kang, and J. Yu, “Depth recovery from light field using focal stack symmetry,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (IEEE, 2015), pp. 3451–3459.
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

C. Zuo, L. Huang, M. Zhang, Q. Chen, and A. Asundi, “Temporal phase unwrapping algorithms for fringe projection profilometry: A comparative review,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 85, 84–103 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, H. Lv, Y. Liu, H. Wang, X. Wang, Q. Huang, X. Xiang, and Q. Dai, “Light-field depth estimation via epipolar plane image analysis and locally linear embedding,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 27(4), 739–747 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

Zheng, G.

Zimmer, H.

C. Kim, H. Zimmer, Y. Pritch, A. Sorkine-Hornung, and M. Gross, “Scene reconstruction from high spatio-angular resolution light fields,” ACM Trans. Graph. 32(4), 73 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zimmer, M.

R. Prevedel, Y. G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11(7), 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zuo, C.

C. Zuo, L. Huang, M. Zhang, Q. Chen, and A. Asundi, “Temporal phase unwrapping algorithms for fringe projection profilometry: A comparative review,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 85, 84–103 (2016).
[Crossref]

ACM Trans. Graph. (4)

B. Wilburn, N. Joshi, V. Vaish, E. Talvala, E. Antunez, A. Barth, A. Adams, M. Horowitz, and M. Levoy, “High performance imaging using large camera arrays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 24(3), 765–776 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Veeraraghavan, R. Raskar, A. Agrawal, A. Mohan, and J. Tumblin, “Dappled photography: mask enhanced cameras for heterodyned light fields and coded aperture refocusing,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 69 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Kim, H. Zimmer, Y. Pritch, A. Sorkine-Hornung, and M. Gross, “Scene reconstruction from high spatio-angular resolution light fields,” ACM Trans. Graph. 32(4), 73 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Levoy, R. Ng, A. Adams, M. Footer, and M. Horowitz, “Light field microscopy,” ACM Trans. Graph. 25(3), 924–934 (2006).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

J. Geng, “Structured-light 3D surface imaging: a tutorial,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 128–160 (2011).
[Crossref]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. (1)

Y. Zhang, H. Lv, Y. Liu, H. Wang, X. Wang, Q. Huang, X. Xiang, and Q. Dai, “Light-field depth estimation via epipolar plane image analysis and locally linear embedding,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Tech. 27(4), 739–747 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. (2)

M. W. Tao, P. P. Srinivasan, S. Hadap, S. Rusinkiewicz, J. Malik, and R. Ramamoorthi, “Shape estimation from shading, defocus, and correspondence using light-field angular coherence,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 39(3), 546–560 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. E. Bishop and P. Favaro, “The light field camera: extended depth of field, aliasing, and superresolution,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 34(5), 972–986 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Math. Phys. (1)

A. Gershun, “The light field,” J. Math. Phys. 18(1-4), 51–151 (1939).
[Crossref]

Nat. Methods (1)

R. Prevedel, Y. G. Yoon, M. Hoffmann, N. Pak, G. Wetzstein, S. Kato, T. Schrödel, R. Raskar, M. Zimmer, E. S. Boyden, and A. Vaziri, “Simultaneous whole-animal 3D imaging of neuronal activity using light-field microscopy,” Nat. Methods 11(7), 727–730 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

X. Peng, Z. Yang, and H. Niu, “Multi-resolution reconstruction of 3-D image with modified temporal unwrapping algorithm,” Opt. Commun. 224(1-3), 35–44 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

S. Zhang and P. S. Huang, “Novel method for structured light system calibration,” Opt. Eng. 45(8), 083601 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lasers Eng. (2)

C. Zuo, L. Huang, M. Zhang, Q. Chen, and A. Asundi, “Temporal phase unwrapping algorithms for fringe projection profilometry: A comparative review,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 85, 84–103 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. S. Gorthi and P. Rastogi, “Fringe projection techniques: whither we are?” Opt. Lasers Eng. 48(2), 133–140 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optica (2)

Pattern Recognit. (1)

J. Salvi, S. Fernandez, T. Pribanic, and X. Llado, “A state of the art in structured light patterns for surface profilometry,” Pattern Recognit. 43(8), 2666–2680 (2010).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

K. Atanassov, S. Goma, V. Ramachandra, and T. Georgiev, “Content-based depth estimation in focused plenoptic camera,” Proc. SPIE 7864, 78640G (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Perwass and L. Wietzke, “Single lens 3D-camera with extended depth-of-field,” Proc. SPIE 8291, 829108 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (10)

D. G. Dansereau, O. Pizarro, and S. B. Williams, “Decoding, calibration and rectification for lenselet-based plenoptic cameras,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (IEEE, 2013), 1027–1034.
[Crossref]

C. Heinze, S. Spyropoulos, S. Hussmann, and C. Perwass, “Automated robust metric calibration of multi-focus plenoptic cameras,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (2015), pp. 2038–2043.
[Crossref]

S. Wanner and B. Goldluecke, “Globally consistent depth labeling of 4D light fields,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (IEEE, 2012), pp. 41–48.
[Crossref]

M. W. Tao, S. Hadap, J. Malik, and R. Ramamoorthi, “Depth from combining defocus and correspondence using light-field cameras,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (IEEE, 2013), pp. 673–680.
[Crossref]

H. Lin, C. Chen, S. B. Kang, and J. Yu, “Depth recovery from light field using focal stack symmetry,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (IEEE, 2015), pp. 3451–3459.
[Crossref]

C. Frese and I. Gheta, “Robust depth estimation by fusion of stereo and focus series acquired with a camera array,” in Proceedings of IEE International Conference on Multisensor Fusion and Integration for Intelligent Systems (IEEE, 2006), pp. 243–248.
[Crossref]

R. Ng, M. Levoy, M. Brédif, G. Duval, M. Horowitz, and P. Hanrahan, “Light field photography with a hand-held plenoptic camera,” Stanford Technical Report CSTR (2005), pp. 1–11.

R. Hartley and A. Zisserman, Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision, 2nd ed. (Cambridge, 2003).

M. Levoy and P. Hanrahan, “Light field rendering,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH (ACM, 1996), pp. 31–42.

E. H. Adelson and J. R. Bergen, “The plenoptic function and the elements of early vision,” in Computational Models of Visual Processing (MIT, 1991), pp. 3–20.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of 4D light field.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic diagram of camera imaging process.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Ray intersection for multi-view 3D reconstruction in the SLF.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Light field ray calibration.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Phase encoding in the SLF.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Schematic diagram of the SLF system.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The overall flow chart of system calibration and 3D reconstruction in the SLF.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Experimental system architecture.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Light field ray calibration: (a) one set of the measured spatial points along with the corresponding fitted light field ray; (b) other rays with the same directional pixel index.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Mapping coefficient calibration: (a) the sampled spatial points and the corresponding fitted polynomial curve; (b) the fitting error curve.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 SLF 3D reconstruction of a plaster model using ray intersection in a specific ray’s direction: (a) 3D model; (b) point cloud.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 SLF 3D reconstruction of a plaster model using phase mapping in different rays’ directions.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 SLF 3D reconstruction of a standard sphere using phase mapping in different rays’ directions.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 FPP system parameters

Tables Icon

Table 2 Mapping coefficients

Tables Icon

Table 3 Data of sphere fitting and fitting error (mm)

Equations (14)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

{ X c = R c X w + t c λ c x ˜ c = [ I | 0 ] X ˜ c x c = x c Δ ( x c ; k c ) m ˜ c = K c x ˜ c
{ X p = θ p Z p + a p Y p = φ p Z p + b p
arg a p , b p , θ p , φ p min i Z p i ( θ p , φ p ) T + ( a p , b p ) T ( X p i , Y p i ) T 2
λ p x ˜ p = X p
λ f θ p + a p = X p
x ˜ p T [ a p ] × θ p = 0
f ( x p , y p ) P : ϕ f ( x p , y p )
{ λ p x ˜ p = X p λ f θ p + a p = X p
Z p = a p x p θ p
Z p = 1 f Z L ( x p )
Z p = 1 n = 0 N c n ϕ f n
λ p x ˜ p = λ f θ p + a p
λ p x ˜ p T [ a p ] × x ˜ p = 0
x ˜ p T [ a p ] × ( λ f θ p + a p ) = λ f x ˜ p T [ a p ] × θ p + x ˜ p T [ a p ] × a p = λ f x ˜ p T [ a p ] × θ p

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