Abstract

We report a demonstration of vapor-phase Rubidium (Rb) density stabilization in a vapor cell using a solid-state electrochemical Rb source device. Clear Rb density stabilization is observed. Further demonstrations show that the temperature coefficient for Rb density can be reduced more than 100 times when locked and the device’s power consumption is less than 10 mW. Preliminary investigation of the locking dynamic range shows that the Rb density is well stabilized when the initial density is five times higher (33 × 109 /cm3) than the set point density (6 × 109 /cm3). Active stabilization with this device is of high interest for portable cold-atom microsystems where large ambient temperature working ranges and low power consumption are required.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  1. J. Guéna, P. Rosenbusch, P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, D. Rovera, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, S. Bize, and A. Clairon, “Demonstration of a dual alkali Rb/Cs fountain clock,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 647–653 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. D. S. Durfee, Y. K. Shaham, and M. A. Kasevich, “Long-term stability of an area-reversible atom-interferometer Sagnac gyroscope,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(24), 240801 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. H. Müller, S. W. Chiow, S. Herrmann, S. Chu, and K. Y. Chung, “Atom-interferometry tests of the isotropy of post-Newtonian gravity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. B. Battelier, B. Barrett, L. Fouché, L. Chiechet, L. Antoni-Micollier, H. Porte, F. Napolitano, J. Lautier, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Development of compact cold-atom sensors for inertial navigation,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 990004 (2016).
  5. C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(13), 1571–1574 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. B. P. Anderson and M. A. Kasevich, “Loading a vapor-cell magneto-optic trap using light-induced atom desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 63(2), 023404 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. Villalba, H. Failache, and A. Lezama, “Light-induced atomic desorption and diffusion of Rb from porous alumina,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 032901 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  9. P. F. Griffin, K. J. Weatherill, and C. S. Adams, “Fast switching of alkali atom dispensers using laser-induced heating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(9), 093102 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  10. V. Dugrain, P. Rosenbusch, and J. Reichel, “Alkali vapor pressure modulation on the 100 ms scale in a single-cell vacuum system for cold atom experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(8), 083112 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. M. Stephens, R. Rhodes, and C. Wieman, “Study of wall coatings for vapor-cell laser traps,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(6), 3479–3488 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Kang, R. P. Mott, K. A. Gilmore, L. D. Sorenson, M. T. Rakher, E. A. Donley, J. Kitching, and C. S. Roper, “A low-power reversible alkali atom source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(24), 244101 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. Rochester, “Linear absorption fitting,” version 2010.04.20, a package of AtomicDensityMatrix open source software, 2017. http://rochesterscientific.com/ADM/#documentation .
  14. A. Klein, O. Witzel, and V. Ebert, “Rapid, time-division multiplexed, direct absorption- and wavelength modulation-spectroscopy,” Sensors (Basel) 14(11), 21497–21513 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

S. Kang, R. P. Mott, K. A. Gilmore, L. D. Sorenson, M. T. Rakher, E. A. Donley, J. Kitching, and C. S. Roper, “A low-power reversible alkali atom source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(24), 244101 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

B. Battelier, B. Barrett, L. Fouché, L. Chiechet, L. Antoni-Micollier, H. Porte, F. Napolitano, J. Lautier, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Development of compact cold-atom sensors for inertial navigation,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 990004 (2016).

2014 (2)

A. Klein, O. Witzel, and V. Ebert, “Rapid, time-division multiplexed, direct absorption- and wavelength modulation-spectroscopy,” Sensors (Basel) 14(11), 21497–21513 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Dugrain, P. Rosenbusch, and J. Reichel, “Alkali vapor pressure modulation on the 100 ms scale in a single-cell vacuum system for cold atom experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(8), 083112 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

J. Guéna, P. Rosenbusch, P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, D. Rovera, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, S. Bize, and A. Clairon, “Demonstration of a dual alkali Rb/Cs fountain clock,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 647–653 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Villalba, H. Failache, and A. Lezama, “Light-induced atomic desorption and diffusion of Rb from porous alumina,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 032901 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

H. Müller, S. W. Chiow, S. Herrmann, S. Chu, and K. Y. Chung, “Atom-interferometry tests of the isotropy of post-Newtonian gravity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

D. S. Durfee, Y. K. Shaham, and M. A. Kasevich, “Long-term stability of an area-reversible atom-interferometer Sagnac gyroscope,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(24), 240801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

P. F. Griffin, K. J. Weatherill, and C. S. Adams, “Fast switching of alkali atom dispensers using laser-induced heating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(9), 093102 (2005).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

B. P. Anderson and M. A. Kasevich, “Loading a vapor-cell magneto-optic trap using light-induced atom desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 63(2), 023404 (2001).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

M. Stephens, R. Rhodes, and C. Wieman, “Study of wall coatings for vapor-cell laser traps,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(6), 3479–3488 (1994).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(13), 1571–1574 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abgrall, M.

J. Guéna, P. Rosenbusch, P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, D. Rovera, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, S. Bize, and A. Clairon, “Demonstration of a dual alkali Rb/Cs fountain clock,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 647–653 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adams, C. S.

P. F. Griffin, K. J. Weatherill, and C. S. Adams, “Fast switching of alkali atom dispensers using laser-induced heating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(9), 093102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Alexandrov, E. B.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Anderson, B. P.

B. P. Anderson and M. A. Kasevich, “Loading a vapor-cell magneto-optic trap using light-induced atom desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 63(2), 023404 (2001).
[Crossref]

Antoni-Micollier, L.

B. Battelier, B. Barrett, L. Fouché, L. Chiechet, L. Antoni-Micollier, H. Porte, F. Napolitano, J. Lautier, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Development of compact cold-atom sensors for inertial navigation,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 990004 (2016).

Balabas, M. V.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Barrett, B.

B. Battelier, B. Barrett, L. Fouché, L. Chiechet, L. Antoni-Micollier, H. Porte, F. Napolitano, J. Lautier, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Development of compact cold-atom sensors for inertial navigation,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 990004 (2016).

Battelier, B.

B. Battelier, B. Barrett, L. Fouché, L. Chiechet, L. Antoni-Micollier, H. Porte, F. Napolitano, J. Lautier, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Development of compact cold-atom sensors for inertial navigation,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 990004 (2016).

Bize, S.

J. Guéna, P. Rosenbusch, P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, D. Rovera, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, S. Bize, and A. Clairon, “Demonstration of a dual alkali Rb/Cs fountain clock,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 647–653 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bouyer, P.

B. Battelier, B. Barrett, L. Fouché, L. Chiechet, L. Antoni-Micollier, H. Porte, F. Napolitano, J. Lautier, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Development of compact cold-atom sensors for inertial navigation,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 990004 (2016).

Budker, D.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chiechet, L.

B. Battelier, B. Barrett, L. Fouché, L. Chiechet, L. Antoni-Micollier, H. Porte, F. Napolitano, J. Lautier, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Development of compact cold-atom sensors for inertial navigation,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 990004 (2016).

Chiow, S. W.

H. Müller, S. W. Chiow, S. Herrmann, S. Chu, and K. Y. Chung, “Atom-interferometry tests of the isotropy of post-Newtonian gravity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, S.

H. Müller, S. W. Chiow, S. Herrmann, S. Chu, and K. Y. Chung, “Atom-interferometry tests of the isotropy of post-Newtonian gravity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chung, K. Y.

H. Müller, S. W. Chiow, S. Herrmann, S. Chu, and K. Y. Chung, “Atom-interferometry tests of the isotropy of post-Newtonian gravity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clairon, A.

J. Guéna, P. Rosenbusch, P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, D. Rovera, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, S. Bize, and A. Clairon, “Demonstration of a dual alkali Rb/Cs fountain clock,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 647–653 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Donley, E. A.

S. Kang, R. P. Mott, K. A. Gilmore, L. D. Sorenson, M. T. Rakher, E. A. Donley, J. Kitching, and C. S. Roper, “A low-power reversible alkali atom source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(24), 244101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dugrain, V.

V. Dugrain, P. Rosenbusch, and J. Reichel, “Alkali vapor pressure modulation on the 100 ms scale in a single-cell vacuum system for cold atom experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(8), 083112 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Durfee, D. S.

D. S. Durfee, Y. K. Shaham, and M. A. Kasevich, “Long-term stability of an area-reversible atom-interferometer Sagnac gyroscope,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(24), 240801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ebert, V.

A. Klein, O. Witzel, and V. Ebert, “Rapid, time-division multiplexed, direct absorption- and wavelength modulation-spectroscopy,” Sensors (Basel) 14(11), 21497–21513 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

English, D.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Failache, H.

S. Villalba, H. Failache, and A. Lezama, “Light-induced atomic desorption and diffusion of Rb from porous alumina,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 032901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fouché, L.

B. Battelier, B. Barrett, L. Fouché, L. Chiechet, L. Antoni-Micollier, H. Porte, F. Napolitano, J. Lautier, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Development of compact cold-atom sensors for inertial navigation,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 990004 (2016).

Gilmore, K. A.

S. Kang, R. P. Mott, K. A. Gilmore, L. D. Sorenson, M. T. Rakher, E. A. Donley, J. Kitching, and C. S. Roper, “A low-power reversible alkali atom source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(24), 244101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Graf, M. T.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Griffin, P. F.

P. F. Griffin, K. J. Weatherill, and C. S. Adams, “Fast switching of alkali atom dispensers using laser-induced heating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(9), 093102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guéna, J.

J. Guéna, P. Rosenbusch, P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, D. Rovera, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, S. Bize, and A. Clairon, “Demonstration of a dual alkali Rb/Cs fountain clock,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 647–653 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herrmann, S.

H. Müller, S. W. Chiow, S. Herrmann, S. Chu, and K. Y. Chung, “Atom-interferometry tests of the isotropy of post-Newtonian gravity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, S.

S. Kang, R. P. Mott, K. A. Gilmore, L. D. Sorenson, M. T. Rakher, E. A. Donley, J. Kitching, and C. S. Roper, “A low-power reversible alkali atom source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(24), 244101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Karaulanov, T.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kasevich, M. A.

D. S. Durfee, Y. K. Shaham, and M. A. Kasevich, “Long-term stability of an area-reversible atom-interferometer Sagnac gyroscope,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(24), 240801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. P. Anderson and M. A. Kasevich, “Loading a vapor-cell magneto-optic trap using light-induced atom desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 63(2), 023404 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kimball, D. F. J.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kitching, J.

S. Kang, R. P. Mott, K. A. Gilmore, L. D. Sorenson, M. T. Rakher, E. A. Donley, J. Kitching, and C. S. Roper, “A low-power reversible alkali atom source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(24), 244101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Klein, A.

A. Klein, O. Witzel, and V. Ebert, “Rapid, time-division multiplexed, direct absorption- and wavelength modulation-spectroscopy,” Sensors (Basel) 14(11), 21497–21513 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Landragin, A.

B. Battelier, B. Barrett, L. Fouché, L. Chiechet, L. Antoni-Micollier, H. Porte, F. Napolitano, J. Lautier, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Development of compact cold-atom sensors for inertial navigation,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 990004 (2016).

Laurent, P.

J. Guéna, P. Rosenbusch, P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, D. Rovera, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, S. Bize, and A. Clairon, “Demonstration of a dual alkali Rb/Cs fountain clock,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 647–653 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lautier, J.

B. Battelier, B. Barrett, L. Fouché, L. Chiechet, L. Antoni-Micollier, H. Porte, F. Napolitano, J. Lautier, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Development of compact cold-atom sensors for inertial navigation,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 990004 (2016).

Lezama, A.

S. Villalba, H. Failache, and A. Lezama, “Light-induced atomic desorption and diffusion of Rb from porous alumina,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 032901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Monroe, C.

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(13), 1571–1574 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mott, R. P.

S. Kang, R. P. Mott, K. A. Gilmore, L. D. Sorenson, M. T. Rakher, E. A. Donley, J. Kitching, and C. S. Roper, “A low-power reversible alkali atom source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(24), 244101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Müller, H.

H. Müller, S. W. Chiow, S. Herrmann, S. Chu, and K. Y. Chung, “Atom-interferometry tests of the isotropy of post-Newtonian gravity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Napolitano, F.

B. Battelier, B. Barrett, L. Fouché, L. Chiechet, L. Antoni-Micollier, H. Porte, F. Napolitano, J. Lautier, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Development of compact cold-atom sensors for inertial navigation,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 990004 (2016).

Narducci, F. A.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Porte, H.

B. Battelier, B. Barrett, L. Fouché, L. Chiechet, L. Antoni-Micollier, H. Porte, F. Napolitano, J. Lautier, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Development of compact cold-atom sensors for inertial navigation,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 990004 (2016).

Pustelny, S.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rakher, M. T.

S. Kang, R. P. Mott, K. A. Gilmore, L. D. Sorenson, M. T. Rakher, E. A. Donley, J. Kitching, and C. S. Roper, “A low-power reversible alkali atom source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(24), 244101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Reichel, J.

V. Dugrain, P. Rosenbusch, and J. Reichel, “Alkali vapor pressure modulation on the 100 ms scale in a single-cell vacuum system for cold atom experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(8), 083112 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rhodes, R.

M. Stephens, R. Rhodes, and C. Wieman, “Study of wall coatings for vapor-cell laser traps,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(6), 3479–3488 (1994).
[Crossref]

Robinson, H.

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(13), 1571–1574 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rochester, S. M.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Roper, C. S.

S. Kang, R. P. Mott, K. A. Gilmore, L. D. Sorenson, M. T. Rakher, E. A. Donley, J. Kitching, and C. S. Roper, “A low-power reversible alkali atom source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(24), 244101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rosen, Y. J.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rosenbusch, P.

V. Dugrain, P. Rosenbusch, and J. Reichel, “Alkali vapor pressure modulation on the 100 ms scale in a single-cell vacuum system for cold atom experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(8), 083112 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Guéna, P. Rosenbusch, P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, D. Rovera, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, S. Bize, and A. Clairon, “Demonstration of a dual alkali Rb/Cs fountain clock,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 647–653 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rovera, D.

J. Guéna, P. Rosenbusch, P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, D. Rovera, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, S. Bize, and A. Clairon, “Demonstration of a dual alkali Rb/Cs fountain clock,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 647–653 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santarelli, G.

J. Guéna, P. Rosenbusch, P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, D. Rovera, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, S. Bize, and A. Clairon, “Demonstration of a dual alkali Rb/Cs fountain clock,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 647–653 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shaham, Y. K.

D. S. Durfee, Y. K. Shaham, and M. A. Kasevich, “Long-term stability of an area-reversible atom-interferometer Sagnac gyroscope,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(24), 240801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sorenson, L. D.

S. Kang, R. P. Mott, K. A. Gilmore, L. D. Sorenson, M. T. Rakher, E. A. Donley, J. Kitching, and C. S. Roper, “A low-power reversible alkali atom source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(24), 244101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Stephens, M.

M. Stephens, R. Rhodes, and C. Wieman, “Study of wall coatings for vapor-cell laser traps,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(6), 3479–3488 (1994).
[Crossref]

Swann, W.

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(13), 1571–1574 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tobar, M. E.

J. Guéna, P. Rosenbusch, P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, D. Rovera, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, S. Bize, and A. Clairon, “Demonstration of a dual alkali Rb/Cs fountain clock,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 647–653 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsigutkin, K.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Villalba, S.

S. Villalba, H. Failache, and A. Lezama, “Light-induced atomic desorption and diffusion of Rb from porous alumina,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 032901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Weatherill, K. J.

P. F. Griffin, K. J. Weatherill, and C. S. Adams, “Fast switching of alkali atom dispensers using laser-induced heating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(9), 093102 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wieman, C.

M. Stephens, R. Rhodes, and C. Wieman, “Study of wall coatings for vapor-cell laser traps,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(6), 3479–3488 (1994).
[Crossref]

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(13), 1571–1574 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Witzel, O.

A. Klein, O. Witzel, and V. Ebert, “Rapid, time-division multiplexed, direct absorption- and wavelength modulation-spectroscopy,” Sensors (Basel) 14(11), 21497–21513 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yashchuk, V. V.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Kang, R. P. Mott, K. A. Gilmore, L. D. Sorenson, M. T. Rakher, E. A. Donley, J. Kitching, and C. S. Roper, “A low-power reversible alkali atom source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(24), 244101 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (1)

J. Guéna, P. Rosenbusch, P. Laurent, M. Abgrall, D. Rovera, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, S. Bize, and A. Clairon, “Demonstration of a dual alkali Rb/Cs fountain clock,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 647–653 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Stephens, R. Rhodes, and C. Wieman, “Study of wall coatings for vapor-cell laser traps,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(6), 3479–3488 (1994).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

B. P. Anderson and M. A. Kasevich, “Loading a vapor-cell magneto-optic trap using light-induced atom desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 63(2), 023404 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(1), 012902 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Villalba, H. Failache, and A. Lezama, “Light-induced atomic desorption and diffusion of Rb from porous alumina,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 032901 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

D. S. Durfee, Y. K. Shaham, and M. A. Kasevich, “Long-term stability of an area-reversible atom-interferometer Sagnac gyroscope,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(24), 240801 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Müller, S. W. Chiow, S. Herrmann, S. Chu, and K. Y. Chung, “Atom-interferometry tests of the isotropy of post-Newtonian gravity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(13), 1571–1574 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

B. Battelier, B. Barrett, L. Fouché, L. Chiechet, L. Antoni-Micollier, H. Porte, F. Napolitano, J. Lautier, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Development of compact cold-atom sensors for inertial navigation,” Proc. SPIE 9900, 990004 (2016).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

P. F. Griffin, K. J. Weatherill, and C. S. Adams, “Fast switching of alkali atom dispensers using laser-induced heating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(9), 093102 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. Dugrain, P. Rosenbusch, and J. Reichel, “Alkali vapor pressure modulation on the 100 ms scale in a single-cell vacuum system for cold atom experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(8), 083112 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sensors (Basel) (1)

A. Klein, O. Witzel, and V. Ebert, “Rapid, time-division multiplexed, direct absorption- and wavelength modulation-spectroscopy,” Sensors (Basel) 14(11), 21497–21513 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

S. Rochester, “Linear absorption fitting,” version 2010.04.20, a package of AtomicDensityMatrix open source software, 2017. http://rochesterscientific.com/ADM/#documentation .

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of experimental setup for stabilizing the Rb density in an atomic vapor cell. Red beams indicate the laser, while blue beams indicate electronic signals. The dotted line indicates components connected to the vapor cell.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Demonstration of Rb vapor density stabilization in a cell: (a) real time Rb density behavior before and after servoing; the initial density jump observed after engaging the servo results from non-ideal PI gain settings. (b) Allan deviation of the density fluctuation for the free running (black squares) and locked (red circles) period; the cell was not temperature stabilized.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Demonstration of Rb density stabilization when the current through the Rb dispenser is running in a pulsed mode (high current: 7.0 A; low current: 6.7 A). Inset: zoom in of data from 400 s to 900 s (red curve) and 100 times adjacent average (blue curve). The small bumps in the blue trace show a roughly 10 s locked system’s response period due to sudden sharp changes in Rb density.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Servo system locking behaviors under different currents through the SEAS dispenser.

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