Abstract

Multifunctional metasurface integrating different functions can significantly save the occupied space, although most of bifunctional metasurfaces reported to date only control the wave in either reflection or transmission regime. In this paper, we propose a scheme that allows one to independently control the reflection and transmission wavefront under orthogonal polarizations. For demonstration, we design a bifunctional metasurface that simultaneously realizes a diffusion reflection and a focusing transmission. The diffusion reflection is realized using a random phase distribution, which was implemented by randomly arranging two basic coding unit cells with the aid of an ergodic algorithm. Meanwhile, the hyperbolic phase distribution was designed to realize the focusing functionality in the transmission regime. To further show the potential applications, a high-gain lens antenna was designed by assembling the proposed metasurface with a proper feed. Both simulation and measurement results have been carried out, and the agreement between the two results demonstrates the validity of the performance as expected. The backward scattering can be reduced more than 5 dB within 6.4-10 GHz compared with the metallic plate. Moreover, the lens antenna has a gain of 20 dB (with around 13 dB enhancement in comparison with the bare feeding antenna) and an efficiency of 32.5%.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  5. J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  20. M. L. N. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Sha, “Artificial perfect electric conductor-perfect magnetic conductor anisotropic metasurface for generating orbital angular momentum of microwave with nearly perfect conversion efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 064506 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. Zhao, B. Sima, N. Jia, C. Wang, B. Zhu, T. Jiang, and Y. Feng, “Achieving flexible low-scattering metasurface based on randomly distribution of meta-elements,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27849–27857 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  24. T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  25. T. Cai, G.-M. Wang, H.-X. Xu, S.-W. Tang, and J.-G. Liang, “Polarization-independent broadband meta-surface for bifunctional antenna,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22606–22615 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. S. Yu, L. Li, and G. Shi, “Dual-polarization and dual-mode orbital angular momentum radio vortex beam generated by using reflective metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(8), 082202 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  27. C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(23), 235503 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10365 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. N. Xiang, Q. Cheng, H. B. Chen, J. Zhao, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Bifunctional metasurface for electromagnetic cloaking and illusion,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(9), 092601 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  32. S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  33. W. L. Guo, G. M. Wang, H. P. Li, T. J. Li, Q. C. Ge, and Y. Q. Zhuang, “Design of anisotropic focusing metasurface and its application for high-gain lens antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(8), 085003 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  34. Z. Li, W. Liu, H. Cheng, J. Liu, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous generation of high-efficiency broadband asymmetric anomalous refraction and reflection waves with few-layer anisotropic metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35485 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (4)

Y. Zhuang, G. Wang, J. Liang, and Q. Zhang, “Dual-band low-scattering metasurface based on combination of diffsuion and absorption,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 2606–2609 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

K. Chen, L. Cui, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, T. Jiang, and B. Zhu, “Coding metasurface for broadband microwave scattering reduction with optical transparency,” Opt. Express 25(5), 5571–5579 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. L. Guo, G. M. Wang, H. P. Li, T. J. Li, Q. C. Ge, and Y. Q. Zhuang, “Design of anisotropic focusing metasurface and its application for high-gain lens antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(8), 085003 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (8)

Z. Li, W. Liu, H. Cheng, J. Liu, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous generation of high-efficiency broadband asymmetric anomalous refraction and reflection waves with few-layer anisotropic metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35485 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G.-M. Wang, H.-X. Xu, S.-W. Tang, and J.-G. Liang, “Polarization-independent broadband meta-surface for bifunctional antenna,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22606–22615 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yu, L. Li, and G. Shi, “Dual-polarization and dual-mode orbital angular momentum radio vortex beam generated by using reflective metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(8), 082202 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. L. N. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Sha, “Artificial perfect electric conductor-perfect magnetic conductor anisotropic metasurface for generating orbital angular momentum of microwave with nearly perfect conversion efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 064506 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, B. Sima, N. Jia, C. Wang, B. Zhu, T. Jiang, and Y. Feng, “Achieving flexible low-scattering metasurface based on randomly distribution of meta-elements,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27849–27857 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Wu, Y. Meng, L. Wang, J. Tian, S. Dai, and W. Wen, “Anisotropic metasurface with near-unity circular polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 183502 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (7)

S. L. Jia, X. Wan, D. Bao, Y. J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of orthogonally polarized transmitted waves using a Huygens metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(5), 545–553 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Yu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, B. Xie, Z. Liu, and J. Tian, “Generation of vector beams with arbitrary spatial variation of phase and linear polarization using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3229–3232 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-Band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(11), 5144–5148 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(23), 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Xiang, Q. Cheng, H. B. Chen, J. Zhao, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Bifunctional metasurface for electromagnetic cloaking and illusion,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(9), 092601 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, J. Zhang, S. Qu, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Xu, and A. Zhang, “Wideband radar cross section reduction using two-dimensional phase gradient metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(22), 221110 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

Y. Chen, L. Chen, J.-F. Yu, and X.-W. Shi, “A C-band flat lens antenna with double-ring slot elements,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Lett. 12, 341–344 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Monticone, N. M. Estakhri, and A. Alù, “Full control of nanoscale optical transmission with a composite metascreen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(20), 203903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Planar photonics with metasurfaces,” Science 339(6125), 1232009 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scullly, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(01), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aieta, F.

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scullly, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(01), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alù, A.

F. Monticone, N. M. Estakhri, and A. Alù, “Full control of nanoscale optical transmission with a composite metascreen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(20), 203903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, B. F.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bao, D.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jia, X. Wan, D. Bao, Y. J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of orthogonally polarized transmitted waves using a Huygens metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(5), 545–553 (2015).
[Crossref]

Blanchard, R.

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scullly, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(01), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boltasseva, A.

A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Planar photonics with metasurfaces,” Science 339(6125), 1232009 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, B.

Cai, T.

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G.-M. Wang, H.-X. Xu, S.-W. Tang, and J.-G. Liang, “Polarization-independent broadband meta-surface for bifunctional antenna,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22606–22615 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-Band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(11), 5144–5148 (2015).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scullly, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(01), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

Y. Li, J. Zhang, S. Qu, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Xu, and A. Zhang, “Wideband radar cross section reduction using two-dimensional phase gradient metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(22), 221110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. B.

N. Xiang, Q. Cheng, H. B. Chen, J. Zhao, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Bifunctional metasurface for electromagnetic cloaking and illusion,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(9), 092601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. T.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.-T.

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, K.

Chen, L.

Y. Chen, L. Chen, J.-F. Yu, and X.-W. Shi, “A C-band flat lens antenna with double-ring slot elements,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Lett. 12, 341–344 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, M. L. N.

M. L. N. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Sha, “Artificial perfect electric conductor-perfect magnetic conductor anisotropic metasurface for generating orbital angular momentum of microwave with nearly perfect conversion efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 064506 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Z. Li, W. Liu, H. Cheng, J. Liu, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous generation of high-efficiency broadband asymmetric anomalous refraction and reflection waves with few-layer anisotropic metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35485 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, B. Xie, Z. Liu, and J. Tian, “Generation of vector beams with arbitrary spatial variation of phase and linear polarization using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3229–3232 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. T.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X. Z.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, L. Chen, J.-F. Yu, and X.-W. Shi, “A C-band flat lens antenna with double-ring slot elements,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Lett. 12, 341–344 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H.

Z. Li, W. Liu, H. Cheng, J. Liu, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous generation of high-efficiency broadband asymmetric anomalous refraction and reflection waves with few-layer anisotropic metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35485 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, B. Xie, Z. Liu, and J. Tian, “Generation of vector beams with arbitrary spatial variation of phase and linear polarization using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3229–3232 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Q.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Xiang, Q. Cheng, H. B. Chen, J. Zhao, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Bifunctional metasurface for electromagnetic cloaking and illusion,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(9), 092601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chiang, I.-D.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chowdhury, D. R.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, J.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, L.

Cui, T. J.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Xiang, Q. Cheng, H. B. Chen, J. Zhao, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Bifunctional metasurface for electromagnetic cloaking and illusion,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(9), 092601 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jia, X. Wan, D. Bao, Y. J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of orthogonally polarized transmitted waves using a Huygens metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(5), 545–553 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, N.

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(23), 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, S.

X. Wu, Y. Meng, L. Wang, J. Tian, S. Dai, and W. Wen, “Anisotropic metasurface with near-unity circular polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 183502 (2016).
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Dalvit, D. A.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, L.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
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Estakhri, N. M.

F. Monticone, N. M. Estakhri, and A. Alù, “Full control of nanoscale optical transmission with a composite metascreen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(20), 203903 (2013).
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Feng, Y.

Gaburro, Z.

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scullly, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(01), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ge, Q. C.

W. L. Guo, G. M. Wang, H. P. Li, T. J. Li, Q. C. Ge, and Y. Q. Zhuang, “Design of anisotropic focusing metasurface and its application for high-gain lens antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(8), 085003 (2017).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scullly, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(01), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grady, N. K.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, C.

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, G.-Y.

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, W. L.

W. L. Guo, G. M. Wang, H. P. Li, T. J. Li, Q. C. Ge, and Y. Q. Zhuang, “Design of anisotropic focusing metasurface and its application for high-gain lens antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(8), 085003 (2017).
[Crossref]

Han, J.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hao, J.

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(23), 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, Q.

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(23), 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heyes, J. E.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, W.-L.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, C.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, L. L.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.-W.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jia, N.

Jia, S. L.

S. L. Jia, X. Wan, D. Bao, Y. J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of orthogonally polarized transmitted waves using a Huygens metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(5), 545–553 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, L. J.

M. L. N. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Sha, “Artificial perfect electric conductor-perfect magnetic conductor anisotropic metasurface for generating orbital angular momentum of microwave with nearly perfect conversion efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 064506 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jiang, T.

Jiang, W. X.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Xiang, Q. Cheng, H. B. Chen, J. Zhao, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Bifunctional metasurface for electromagnetic cloaking and illusion,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(9), 092601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jin, G. F.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Juan, T.-K.

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kats, M. A.

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scullly, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(01), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kildishev, A. V.

A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Planar photonics with metasurfaces,” Science 339(6125), 1232009 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kung, W.-T.

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-Band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(11), 5144–5148 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, H. P.

W. L. Guo, G. M. Wang, H. P. Li, T. J. Li, Q. C. Ge, and Y. Q. Zhuang, “Design of anisotropic focusing metasurface and its application for high-gain lens antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(8), 085003 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

P. Yu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, B. Xie, Z. Liu, and J. Tian, “Generation of vector beams with arbitrary spatial variation of phase and linear polarization using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3229–3232 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

S. Yu, L. Li, and G. Shi, “Dual-polarization and dual-mode orbital angular momentum radio vortex beam generated by using reflective metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(8), 082202 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, T. J.

W. L. Guo, G. M. Wang, H. P. Li, T. J. Li, Q. C. Ge, and Y. Q. Zhuang, “Design of anisotropic focusing metasurface and its application for high-gain lens antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(8), 085003 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(23), 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, J. Zhang, S. Qu, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Xu, and A. Zhang, “Wideband radar cross section reduction using two-dimensional phase gradient metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(22), 221110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, W. Liu, H. Cheng, J. Liu, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous generation of high-efficiency broadband asymmetric anomalous refraction and reflection waves with few-layer anisotropic metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35485 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, B. Xie, Z. Liu, and J. Tian, “Generation of vector beams with arbitrary spatial variation of phase and linear polarization using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3229–3232 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, J.

Y. Zhuang, G. Wang, J. Liang, and Q. Zhang, “Dual-band low-scattering metasurface based on combination of diffsuion and absorption,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 2606–2609 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-Band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(11), 5144–5148 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liang, J.-G.

Liao, C. Y.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, H. T.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scullly, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(01), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, A. Q.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

Z. Li, W. Liu, H. Cheng, J. Liu, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous generation of high-efficiency broadband asymmetric anomalous refraction and reflection waves with few-layer anisotropic metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35485 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

Z. Li, W. Liu, H. Cheng, J. Liu, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous generation of high-efficiency broadband asymmetric anomalous refraction and reflection waves with few-layer anisotropic metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35485 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, B. Xie, Z. Liu, and J. Tian, “Generation of vector beams with arbitrary spatial variation of phase and linear polarization using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3229–3232 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

Luo, X.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Y.

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ma, H. F.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Xiang, Q. Cheng, H. B. Chen, J. Zhao, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Bifunctional metasurface for electromagnetic cloaking and illusion,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(9), 092601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ma, S.

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(23), 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, X.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meng, Y.

X. Wu, Y. Meng, L. Wang, J. Tian, S. Dai, and W. Wen, “Anisotropic metasurface with near-unity circular polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 183502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Miao, Z.

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(23), 235503 (2015).
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F. Monticone, N. M. Estakhri, and A. Alù, “Full control of nanoscale optical transmission with a composite metascreen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(20), 203903 (2013).
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S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pan, W.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10365 (2015).
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J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
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J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
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X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, M.

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(23), 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qu, C.

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(23), 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qu, S.

Y. Li, J. Zhang, S. Qu, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Xu, and A. Zhang, “Wideband radar cross section reduction using two-dimensional phase gradient metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(22), 221110 (2014).
[Crossref]

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N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scullly, M. O.

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scullly, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(01), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

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M. L. N. Chen, L. J. Jiang, and W. E. I. Sha, “Artificial perfect electric conductor-perfect magnetic conductor anisotropic metasurface for generating orbital angular momentum of microwave with nearly perfect conversion efficiency,” J. Appl. Phys. 119(6), 064506 (2016).
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A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Planar photonics with metasurfaces,” Science 339(6125), 1232009 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, X.

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shi, G.

S. Yu, L. Li, and G. Shi, “Dual-polarization and dual-mode orbital angular momentum radio vortex beam generated by using reflective metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(8), 082202 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shi, X.-W.

Y. Chen, L. Chen, J.-F. Yu, and X.-W. Shi, “A C-band flat lens antenna with double-ring slot elements,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Lett. 12, 341–344 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sima, B.

Smith, D. R.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, G.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, S.

W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(23), 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, S. L.

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sun, W.

W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tan, Q. F.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tang, S. W.

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tang, S.-W.

Tang, W. X.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tetienne, J.-P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, J.

X. Wu, Y. Meng, L. Wang, J. Tian, S. Dai, and W. Wen, “Anisotropic metasurface with near-unity circular polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 183502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, W. Liu, H. Cheng, J. Liu, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous generation of high-efficiency broadband asymmetric anomalous refraction and reflection waves with few-layer anisotropic metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 35485 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, B. Xie, Z. Liu, and J. Tian, “Generation of vector beams with arbitrary spatial variation of phase and linear polarization using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3229–3232 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tsai, D. P.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wan, X.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. L. Jia, X. Wan, D. Bao, Y. J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of orthogonally polarized transmitted waves using a Huygens metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(5), 545–553 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

J. Zhao, B. Sima, N. Jia, C. Wang, B. Zhu, T. Jiang, and Y. Feng, “Achieving flexible low-scattering metasurface based on randomly distribution of meta-elements,” Opt. Express 24(24), 27849–27857 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.-M.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G.

Y. Zhuang, G. Wang, J. Liang, and Q. Zhang, “Dual-band low-scattering metasurface based on combination of diffsuion and absorption,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 2606–2609 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-Band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(11), 5144–5148 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, G. M.

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. L. Guo, G. M. Wang, H. P. Li, T. J. Li, Q. C. Ge, and Y. Q. Zhuang, “Design of anisotropic focusing metasurface and its application for high-gain lens antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(8), 085003 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.-M.

Wang, J.

Y. Li, J. Zhang, S. Qu, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Xu, and A. Zhang, “Wideband radar cross section reduction using two-dimensional phase gradient metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(22), 221110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

X. Wu, Y. Meng, L. Wang, J. Tian, S. Dai, and W. Wen, “Anisotropic metasurface with near-unity circular polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 183502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, W.

X. Wu, Y. Meng, L. Wang, J. Tian, S. Dai, and W. Wen, “Anisotropic metasurface with near-unity circular polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 183502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

X. Wu, Y. Meng, L. Wang, J. Tian, S. Dai, and W. Wen, “Anisotropic metasurface with near-unity circular polarization conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(18), 183502 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xiang, N.

N. Xiang, Q. Cheng, H. B. Chen, J. Zhao, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, and T. J. Cui, “Bifunctional metasurface for electromagnetic cloaking and illusion,” Appl. Phys. Express 8(9), 092601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xiao, S.

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(23), 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, S. Xiao, B. Cai, Q. He, T. J. Cui, and L. Zhou, “Flat metasurfaces to focus electromagnetic waves in reflection geometry,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4940–4942 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, B.

Xu, H. X.

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.-X.

T. Cai, G.-M. Wang, H.-X. Xu, S.-W. Tang, and J.-G. Liang, “Polarization-independent broadband meta-surface for bifunctional antenna,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22606–22615 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-Band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(11), 5144–5148 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, Q.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

Y. Li, J. Zhang, S. Qu, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Xu, and A. Zhang, “Wideband radar cross section reduction using two-dimensional phase gradient metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(22), 221110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, K.-Y.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, J.-F.

Y. Chen, L. Chen, J.-F. Yu, and X.-W. Shi, “A C-band flat lens antenna with double-ring slot elements,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Lett. 12, 341–344 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, N.

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, M. O. Scullly, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(01), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, P.

J. Li, S. Chen, H. Yang, J. Li, P. Yu, H. Cheng, C. Gu, H.-T. Chen, and J. Tian, “Simultaneous control of light polarization and phase distributions using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(5), 704–710 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Yu, S. Chen, J. Li, H. Cheng, Z. Li, W. Liu, B. Xie, Z. Liu, and J. Tian, “Generation of vector beams with arbitrary spatial variation of phase and linear polarization using plasmonic metasurfaces,” Opt. Lett. 40(14), 3229–3232 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, S.

S. Yu, L. Li, and G. Shi, “Dual-polarization and dual-mode orbital angular momentum radio vortex beam generated by using reflective metasurface,” Appl. Phys. Express 9(8), 082202 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yuan, H.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Y.

N. K. Grady, J. E. Heyes, D. R. Chowdhury, Y. Zeng, M. T. Reiten, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Terahertz metamaterials for linear polarization conversion and anomalous refraction,” Science 340(6138), 1304–1307 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, A.

Y. Li, J. Zhang, S. Qu, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Xu, and A. Zhang, “Wideband radar cross section reduction using two-dimensional phase gradient metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(22), 221110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Y. Li, J. Zhang, S. Qu, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Xu, and A. Zhang, “Wideband radar cross section reduction using two-dimensional phase gradient metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(22), 221110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Y. Zhuang, G. Wang, J. Liang, and Q. Zhang, “Dual-band low-scattering metasurface based on combination of diffsuion and absorption,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 2606–2609 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

L. L. Huang, X. Z. Chen, B. F. Bai, Q. F. Tan, G. F. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, B.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, Y. J.

S. L. Jia, X. Wan, D. Bao, Y. J. Zhao, and T. J. Cui, “Independent controls of orthogonally polarized transmitted waves using a Huygens metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9(5), 545–553 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces based on a complete phase diagram,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(23), 235503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Y. Chen, L. Chen, J.-F. Yu, and X.-W. Shi, “A C-band flat lens antenna with double-ring slot elements,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Lett. 12, 341–344 (2013).
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IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. (1)

Y. Zhuang, G. Wang, J. Liang, and Q. Zhang, “Dual-band low-scattering metasurface based on combination of diffsuion and absorption,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 16, 2606–2609 (2017).
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IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (1)

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-Band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(11), 5144–5148 (2015).
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W. L. Guo, G. M. Wang, H. P. Li, T. J. Li, Q. C. Ge, and Y. Q. Zhuang, “Design of anisotropic focusing metasurface and its application for high-gain lens antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 50(8), 085003 (2017).
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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The schematic of the proposed bifunctional metasurface.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) The front view and (b) perspective view of unit cell (p = 11 mm, h = 1.5 mm, w0 = 4 mm, l0 = 5 mm). (c) The reflection coefficients and (d) transmission coefficients versus frequency. (e) Comparison of transmission coefficients versus parameter l with different substrate thickness and (f) different layer numbers at 9 GHz.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The phase distributions for (a) reflection and (b) transmission; (c) top view of the corresponding layout of the bifunctional metasurface.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Far-field and near-field results under orthogonal polarized wave incidence: (a) 3-D scattering pattern under x-polarized wave incidence; The distributions of (b) electric field and (c) power flow in xoz plane under y-polarized wave incidence; (d) The normalized power flow versus distance.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Simulated and measured reflection magnitudes of the lens antenna.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) The 3-D radiation pattern and (b) electric field distribution of lens antenna.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The measurement setup for (a) scattering performance and (b) radiation performance.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) The simulated and measured results of RCS reduction spectra and (b) the frequency responses of realized gain for lens antenna and feeding antenna.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 The simulated and measured radiation patterns in (a) E-plane and (b) H-plane.

Equations (4)

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E total = m E m exp( j k 0 mdsinθ )
E m = E 1 exp( j φ m )
E total = E 1 m exp[ j( φ m + k 0 mdsinθ ) ] = E 1 AF
ϕ( m,n )= k 0 ( ( mp ) 2 + ( np ) 2 + F 2 F )+ ϕ 0

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