Abstract

In this report, we demonstrate a wide multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser (MBEFL) with improved flatness that integrates a micro-air cavity. This air-gap introduces a cavity loss to overcome the gain saturation as well as providing efficient pump recycling scheme through Fresnel back-reflection. In addition, the efficient four-wave mixing in the highly nonlinear fiber contributes to the self-flattening of the output spectra. During operation, the optimized pumping values are set at 13 dBm Brillouin power and 600 mW erbium-ytterbium doped fiber amplifier when the air-gap length is fixed at 10 µm. A total of 180 Stokes lines are produced with a channel spacing of 0.08 nm. The flat lasing bandwith is 14 nm that consists of 1557 to 1571 nm wavelengths within 3-dB span. The average optical signal-to-noise ratio is 18 dB, having high peak power of −8 dBm. To our knowledge, this is the best result attained in MBEFLs with respect to the spectral flatness. In fact, the power stability of 0.76 dB order over 45 minute durations merits it applications in optical fiber sensing and communications.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (1)

2016 (5)

X. Du, H. Zhang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Short cavity-length random fiber laser with record power and ultrahigh efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 571–574 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, Y. Yang, M. Liu, Y. Yuan, Y. Sun, Y. Gu, and Y. Yao, “Frequency spacing switchable multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser utilizing cascaded Brillouin gain fibers,” Appl. Opt. 55(23), 6475–6479 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Al-Alimi, N. A. Cholan, M. H. Yaacob, and M. A. Mahdi, “Enhanced multiwavelength generation in Brillouin fiber laser with pump noise suppression technique,” Laser Phys. 26(6), 065102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Tiu, S. N. Aidit, N. A. Hassan, M. F. B. Ismail, and H. Ahmad, “Single and double Brillouin frequency spacing multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with micro-air gap cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52(9), 1600305 (2016).
[Crossref]

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jin, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Li, L. Ren, X. Lin, H. Ju, N. Chen, J. Liang, K. Ren, and Y. Xu, “Improved multiple-wavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser assisted by four-wave mixing with a micro-air cavity,” Appl. Opt. 54(33), 9919–9924 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Huang, X. Dong, N. Zhang, S. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0902405 (2014).

C. Huang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, N. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Cascaded random fiber laser based on hybrid Brillouin-erbium fiber gains,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1287–1290 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

H. Wu, Z. Wang, X. Jia, P. Li, M. Fan, Y. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Flat amplitude multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman random fiber laser with a half-open cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 112(4), 467–471 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. A. Cholan, M. Al-Mansoori, A. S. M. Noor, A. Ismail, and M. A. Mahdi, “Flattening effect of four wave mixing on multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 112(2), 215–221 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Gong, and Y. Rao, “Broadband flat-amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser with spectral reshaping by Rayleigh scattering,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29358–29363 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

J. Tang, J. Sun, L. Zhao, T. Chen, T. Huang, and Y. Zhou, “Tunable multiwavelength generation based on Brillouin-erbium comb fiber laser assisted by multiple four-wave mixing processes,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14682–14689 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 139–143 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, A. K. Zamzuri, and M. A. Mahdi, “Improvement of comb lines quality employing double-pass architecture in Brillouin-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(11), 823–827 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. A. Al-Asadi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, S. Hitam, M. I. Saripan, and M. A. Mahdi, “Effects of pump recycling technique on stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold: A theoretical model,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22339–22347 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

1998 (1)

Abas, A. F.

Ahmad, A.

Ahmad, H.

Z. C. Tiu, S. N. Aidit, N. A. Hassan, M. F. B. Ismail, and H. Ahmad, “Single and double Brillouin frequency spacing multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with micro-air gap cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52(9), 1600305 (2016).
[Crossref]

Aidit, S. N.

Z. C. Tiu, S. N. Aidit, N. A. Hassan, M. F. B. Ismail, and H. Ahmad, “Single and double Brillouin frequency spacing multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with micro-air gap cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52(9), 1600305 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ajiya, M.

Al-Alimi, A. W.

A. W. Al-Alimi, N. A. Cholan, M. H. Yaacob, A. F. Abas, M. T. Alresheedi, and M. A. Mahdi, “Wide bandwidth and flat multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(16), 19382–19390 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Al-Alimi, N. A. Cholan, M. H. Yaacob, and M. A. Mahdi, “Enhanced multiwavelength generation in Brillouin fiber laser with pump noise suppression technique,” Laser Phys. 26(6), 065102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Al-Asadi, H. A.

Al-Mansoori, M.

N. A. Cholan, M. Al-Mansoori, A. S. M. Noor, A. Ismail, and M. A. Mahdi, “Flattening effect of four wave mixing on multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 112(2), 215–221 (2013).
[Crossref]

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 139–143 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, A. K. Zamzuri, and M. A. Mahdi, “Improvement of comb lines quality employing double-pass architecture in Brillouin-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(11), 823–827 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. A. Al-Asadi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, S. Hitam, M. I. Saripan, and M. A. Mahdi, “Effects of pump recycling technique on stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold: A theoretical model,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22339–22347 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alresheedi, M. T.

Anas, S. B. A.

R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, A. K. Zamzuri, and M. A. Mahdi, “Improvement of comb lines quality employing double-pass architecture in Brillouin-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(11), 823–827 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 139–143 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ania-Castanon, J. D.

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Babin, S. A.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cao, X. L.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, N.

Chen, T.

Chen, Y. F.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cholan, N. A.

A. W. Al-Alimi, N. A. Cholan, M. H. Yaacob, A. F. Abas, M. T. Alresheedi, and M. A. Mahdi, “Wide bandwidth and flat multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(16), 19382–19390 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Al-Alimi, N. A. Cholan, M. H. Yaacob, and M. A. Mahdi, “Enhanced multiwavelength generation in Brillouin fiber laser with pump noise suppression technique,” Laser Phys. 26(6), 065102 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. A. Cholan, M. Al-Mansoori, A. S. M. Noor, A. Ismail, and M. A. Mahdi, “Flattening effect of four wave mixing on multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 112(2), 215–221 (2013).
[Crossref]

Churkin, D.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Churkin, D. V.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dong, X.

C. Huang, X. Dong, N. Zhang, S. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0902405 (2014).

C. Huang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, N. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Cascaded random fiber laser based on hybrid Brillouin-erbium fiber gains,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1287–1290 (2014).
[Crossref]

Du, X.

El-Taher, A. E.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fan, M.

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jin, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Gong, and Y. Rao, “Broadband flat-amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser with spectral reshaping by Rayleigh scattering,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29358–29363 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wu, Z. Wang, X. Jia, P. Li, M. Fan, Y. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Flat amplitude multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman random fiber laser with a half-open cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 112(4), 467–471 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fan, M. Q.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fotiadi, A. A.

Gong, Y.

Gu, Y.

Harper, P.

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hassan, N. A.

Z. C. Tiu, S. N. Aidit, N. A. Hassan, M. F. B. Ismail, and H. Ahmad, “Single and double Brillouin frequency spacing multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with micro-air gap cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52(9), 1600305 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hitam, S.

Huang, C.

C. Huang, X. Dong, N. Zhang, S. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0902405 (2014).

C. Huang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, N. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Cascaded random fiber laser based on hybrid Brillouin-erbium fiber gains,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1287–1290 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, T.

Ismail, A.

N. A. Cholan, M. Al-Mansoori, A. S. M. Noor, A. Ismail, and M. A. Mahdi, “Flattening effect of four wave mixing on multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 112(2), 215–221 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ismail, M. F. B.

Z. C. Tiu, S. N. Aidit, N. A. Hassan, M. F. B. Ismail, and H. Ahmad, “Single and double Brillouin frequency spacing multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with micro-air gap cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52(9), 1600305 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ji, J. H.

Jia, X.

H. Wu, Z. Wang, X. Jia, P. Li, M. Fan, Y. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Flat amplitude multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman random fiber laser with a half-open cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 112(4), 467–471 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jin, X.

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jin, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

Ju, H.

Kablukov, S. I.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Karalekas, V.

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kiyan, R. V.

Li, P.

H. Wu, Z. Wang, X. Jia, P. Li, M. Fan, Y. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Flat amplitude multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman random fiber laser with a half-open cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 112(4), 467–471 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Li, Y.

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Gong, and Y. Rao, “Broadband flat-amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser with spectral reshaping by Rayleigh scattering,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29358–29363 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wu, Z. Wang, X. Jia, P. Li, M. Fan, Y. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Flat amplitude multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman random fiber laser with a half-open cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 112(4), 467–471 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. R.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, J.

Lin, X.

Liu, M.

Liu, Z.

Luo, S. Y.

Mahdi, M. A.

A. W. Al-Alimi, N. A. Cholan, M. H. Yaacob, A. F. Abas, M. T. Alresheedi, and M. A. Mahdi, “Wide bandwidth and flat multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(16), 19382–19390 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Al-Alimi, N. A. Cholan, M. H. Yaacob, and M. A. Mahdi, “Enhanced multiwavelength generation in Brillouin fiber laser with pump noise suppression technique,” Laser Phys. 26(6), 065102 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. A. Cholan, M. Al-Mansoori, A. S. M. Noor, A. Ismail, and M. A. Mahdi, “Flattening effect of four wave mixing on multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 112(2), 215–221 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, A. K. Zamzuri, and M. A. Mahdi, “Improvement of comb lines quality employing double-pass architecture in Brillouin-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(11), 823–827 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 139–143 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. A. Al-Asadi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, S. Hitam, M. I. Saripan, and M. A. Mahdi, “Effects of pump recycling technique on stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold: A theoretical model,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22339–22347 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. Md Ali, A. Ahmad, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 918–920 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Md Ali, M. I.

Mohamad, R.

Nikulin, M.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

Noor, A. S. M.

N. A. Cholan, M. Al-Mansoori, A. S. M. Noor, A. Ismail, and M. A. Mahdi, “Flattening effect of four wave mixing on multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 112(2), 215–221 (2013).
[Crossref]

Podivilov, E. V.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rao, Y.

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jin, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Gong, and Y. Rao, “Broadband flat-amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser with spectral reshaping by Rayleigh scattering,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29358–29363 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rao, Y. J.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ren, K.

Ren, L.

Sahbudin, R. K. Z.

R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, A. K. Zamzuri, and M. A. Mahdi, “Improvement of comb lines quality employing double-pass architecture in Brillouin-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(11), 823–827 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 139–143 (2011).
[Crossref]

Saripan, M. I.

Shargh, R. S.

R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 139–143 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, A. K. Zamzuri, and M. A. Mahdi, “Improvement of comb lines quality employing double-pass architecture in Brillouin-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(11), 823–827 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shum, P. P.

C. Huang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, N. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Cascaded random fiber laser based on hybrid Brillouin-erbium fiber gains,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1287–1290 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Huang, X. Dong, N. Zhang, S. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0902405 (2014).

Sugavanam, S.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, J.

Sun, Y.

Tang, J.

Tiu, Z. C.

Z. C. Tiu, S. N. Aidit, N. A. Hassan, M. F. B. Ismail, and H. Ahmad, “Single and double Brillouin frequency spacing multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with micro-air gap cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52(9), 1600305 (2016).
[Crossref]

Turitsyn, S.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turitsyn, S. K.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. V. Churkin, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, S. I. Kablukov, V. Karalekas, J. D. Ania-Castanon, E. V. Podivilov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Raman fiber lasers with a random distributed feedback based on Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033828 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vatnik, I. D.

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. D. Vatnik, D. V. Churkin, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “High-efficiency generation in a short random fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jin, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Wu, Z. Wang, X. Jia, P. Li, M. Fan, Y. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Flat amplitude multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman random fiber laser with a half-open cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 112(4), 467–471 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Gong, and Y. Rao, “Broadband flat-amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser with spectral reshaping by Rayleigh scattering,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29358–29363 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z. N.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, C. W.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, H.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jin, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Gong, and Y. Rao, “Broadband flat-amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser with spectral reshaping by Rayleigh scattering,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29358–29363 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wu, Z. Wang, X. Jia, P. Li, M. Fan, Y. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Flat amplitude multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman random fiber laser with a half-open cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 112(4), 467–471 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, J.

Xia, Y. X.

Xiao, H.

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

Yaacob, M. H.

A. W. Al-Alimi, N. A. Cholan, M. H. Yaacob, A. F. Abas, M. T. Alresheedi, and M. A. Mahdi, “Wide bandwidth and flat multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Express 25(16), 19382–19390 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Al-Alimi, N. A. Cholan, M. H. Yaacob, and M. A. Mahdi, “Enhanced multiwavelength generation in Brillouin fiber laser with pump noise suppression technique,” Laser Phys. 26(6), 065102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Yao, B. C.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, Y.

Yuan, Y.

Zamzuri, A. K.

R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, A. K. Zamzuri, and M. A. Mahdi, “Improvement of comb lines quality employing double-pass architecture in Brillouin-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(11), 823–827 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. Md Ali, A. Ahmad, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 918–920 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhan, L.

Zhang, H.

X. Du, H. Zhang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Short cavity-length random fiber laser with record power and ultrahigh efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 571–574 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jin, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

Zhang, N.

C. Huang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, N. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Cascaded random fiber laser based on hybrid Brillouin-erbium fiber gains,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1287–1290 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Huang, X. Dong, N. Zhang, S. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0902405 (2014).

Zhang, S.

C. Huang, X. Dong, N. Zhang, S. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0902405 (2014).

C. Huang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, N. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Cascaded random fiber laser based on hybrid Brillouin-erbium fiber gains,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1287–1290 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Z. Wang, H. Wu, M. Fan, L. Zhang, Y. Rao, W. Zhang, and X. Jin, “High power random fiber laser with short cavity length: theoretical and experimental investigations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 0900506 (2015).

Zhang, W. L.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, L.

Zhou, J. H.

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, P.

X. Du, H. Zhang, X. Wang, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, “Short cavity-length random fiber laser with record power and ultrahigh efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 41(3), 571–574 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, P. Zhou, H. Xiao, and X. Xu, “Efficient Raman fiber laser based on random Rayleigh distributed feedback with record high power,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(7), 075104 (2014).
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Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

D. V. Churkin, S. Sugavanam, I. D. Vatnik, Z. Wang, E. V. Podivilov, S. A. Babin, Y. J. Rao, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Recent advances in fundamentals and applications of random fiber lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(3), 516–569 (2015).
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Appl. Phys. B (2)

H. Wu, Z. Wang, X. Jia, P. Li, M. Fan, Y. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Flat amplitude multi-wavelength Brillouin-Raman random fiber laser with a half-open cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 112(4), 467–471 (2013).
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N. A. Cholan, M. Al-Mansoori, A. S. M. Noor, A. Ismail, and M. A. Mahdi, “Flattening effect of four wave mixing on multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. B 112(2), 215–221 (2013).
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IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. C. Tiu, S. N. Aidit, N. A. Hassan, M. F. B. Ismail, and H. Ahmad, “Single and double Brillouin frequency spacing multi-wavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser with micro-air gap cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 52(9), 1600305 (2016).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. Huang, X. Dong, N. Zhang, S. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium random fiber laser incorporating a chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0902405 (2014).

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C. Huang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, N. Zhang, and P. P. Shum, “Cascaded random fiber laser based on hybrid Brillouin-erbium fiber gains,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(13), 1287–1290 (2014).
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R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, and M. A. Mahdi, “OSNR enhancement utilizing large effective area fiber in a multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 139–143 (2011).
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R. S. Shargh, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. B. A. Anas, R. K. Z. Sahbudin, A. K. Zamzuri, and M. A. Mahdi, “Improvement of comb lines quality employing double-pass architecture in Brillouin-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(11), 823–827 (2011).
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Nat. Photonics (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(4), 231–235 (2010).
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S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, I. D. Vatnik, M. Nikulin, and E. V. Podivilov, “Random distributed feedback fibre lasers,” Phys. Rep. 542(2), 133–193 (2014).
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Sci. Rep. (1)

B. C. Yao, Y. J. Rao, Z. N. Wang, Y. Wu, J. H. Zhou, H. Wu, M. Q. Fan, X. L. Cao, W. L. Zhang, Y. F. Chen, Y. R. Li, D. Churkin, S. Turitsyn, and C. W. Wong, “Graphene based widely-tunable and singly-polarized pulse generation with random fiber lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 18526 (2016).
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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of MBEFL with micro air-gap length (Lμ), n0 and n1 are the refractive indices of air and fiber cores respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Microscopic propagation of Brillouin pump (BP) and Stokes (BS) waves in a MBEFL configuration. All frequency notations for each abbreviation are given as for ABP: ω p * , ABS: ω 1 * , ω 2 * ... ω n * , ω n+1 * , BS: ω 1 , ω 2 ... ω n , ω n+1 , RBS: ω 1R , ω 2R ... ω nR , ω (n+1)R , RABS: ω 1R * , ω 2R * ... ω nR * , ω (n+1)R * and RABP: ω pR * .
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Stochastic modes with and without MAC that has L μ of 10 μm distance (BP power is not operating) and (b) is the enlarged view of the corresponding setups with MAC.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Laser output spectra at different EYDFA powers (BP wavelength = 1565 nm, BP power = 10 dBm, L μ = 10 μm) and (b) the corresponding magnified envelope at EYDFA power of 600 mW.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Output BEFL spectra with different BP powers; (a) 7 dBm, (b) 9 dBm, (c) 11dBm and (d) 13 dBm (BP wavelength = 1560 nm, EYDFA power = 600 mW, L μ = 10 μm).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Channels bandwidth and Stokes line numbers as a function of air gap length, L μ (EYDFA power = 600 mW, BP power = 13 dBm, BP wavelength = 1560 nm).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Selected output spectra from Fig. 6 under different L μ of (a) 0 µm, (b) 2 µm, (c) 20 µm, (d) 30 µm, (e) 40 µm and (f) 50 µm.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Experimental layout of MAC characterization and (b) reflectivity and insertion loss properties against air-gap length.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) MBW of MBEFL as a function of BP wavelength and some selected spectra at BP wavelength of (b) 1556.5 nm, (c) 1561 nm, (d) 1564 nm and (e) 1566 nm (EYDFA power = 600 mW, BP power = 13 dBm, L μ = 10 μm).
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 (a) MBEFL output spectrum at L μ of 10 µm and (b) its corresponding magnified view (BP wavelength = 1557 nm, BP power = 13 dBm, EYDFA power = 600 mW).
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Total laser output power measurements over 45 minute for the proposed laser (BP wavelength = 1557 nm, BP power = 13 dBm, EYDFA power = 600 mW and L μ = 10 μm).

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